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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813032/diterpenoid-alkaloids-from-consolida-regalis-s-f-gray-subsp-paniculata-host-soo-var-paniculata
#1
Filiz Mericl, Ali H Mericli, Haridutt K Desai, Ayhan Ulubelen, S William Pelletier
Seven diterpenoid alkaloids : delcosine(1), delsoline(2), gigactonine(3), lycoctonine(4), takaosamine(5), atisine(6) and hetisinone(7) have been isolated from the aerial parts of Consolida regalis subsp. paniculata var. paniculata. The presence of compounds 1,2,5,6 and 7 in this plant has not been previously reported.
August 16, 2017: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811888/performance-test-and-verification-of-an-off-the-shelf-automated-avian-radar-tracking-system
#2
Roel May, Yngve Steinheim, Pål Kvaløy, Roald Vang, Frank Hanssen
Microwave radar is an important tool for observation of birds in flight and represents a tremendous increase in observation capability in terms of amount of surveillance space that can be covered at relatively low cost. Based on off-the-shelf radar hardware, automated radar tracking systems have been developed for monitoring avian movements. However, radar used as an observation instrument in biological research has its limitations that are important to be aware of when analyzing recorded radar data. This article describes a method for exploring the detection capabilities of a dedicated short-range avian radar system used inside the operational Smøla wind-power plant...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811519/high-resolution-mapping-based-on-an-unmanned-aerial-vehicle-uav-to-capture-paleoseismic-offsets-along-the-altyn-tagh-fault-china
#3
Mingxing Gao, Xiwei Xu, Yann Klinger, Jerome van der Woerd, Paul Tapponnier
The recent dramatic increase in millimeter- to centimeter- resolution topographic datasets obtained via multi-view photogrammetry raises the possibility of mapping detailed offset geomorphology and constraining the spatial characteristics of active faults. Here, for the first time, we applied this new method to acquire high-resolution imagery and generate topographic data along the Altyn Tagh fault, which is located in a remote high elevation area and shows preserved ancient earthquake surface ruptures. A digital elevation model (DEM) with a resolution of 0...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810533/deltamethrin-induced-oxidative-stress-in-kidney-and-brain-of-rats-protective-effect-of-artemisia-campestris-essential-oil
#4
Mongi Saoudi, Riadh Badraoui, Houda Bouhajja, Marwa Ncir, Fatma Rahmouni, Malek Grati, Kamel Jamoussi, Abdelfattah El Feki
Artemisia campestris (Asteraceae) is widely used in traditional medicine in Southern Tunisia as a decoction for its antivenom, anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, and antimicrobial activities. A. campestris essential oil (ACEO) was obtained by hydrodistillation from the aerial parts, since it has beneficial and therapeutic effects. Deltamethrin is a synthetic pyrethroid with broad spectrum activities against acaricides and insects and widely used for veterinary and agricultural purposes. Exposure to deltamethrin leads to nephrotoxic and neurotoxic side effects for human and many species including birds and fish...
August 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808387/new-apigenin-glycoside-polyphenolic-constituents-anti-inflammatory-and-hepatoprotective-activities-of-gaillardia-grandiflora-and-gaillardia-pulchella-aerial-parts
#5
Fatma A Moharram, Rabab Abd El Moneim El Dib, Mohamed S Marzouk, Siham M El-Shenawy, Haitham A Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Gaillardia grandiflora Hort. ex Van Houte and Gaillardia pulchella Foug are flowering plants widely cultivated in Egypt for their ornamental value. Previous reports demonstrated that sesquiterpene derivatives represent the major compounds in both species. Moreover, only few flavones were identified from genus Gaillardia and few studies on the cytotoxicity of G. pulchella were found. AIM OF THE STUDY: Investigation of the phenolic constituents of the aerial parts of both species and evaluation of their anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective activities...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807851/toxic-pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-provide-a-warning-sign-to-overuse-of-the-ethnomedicine-arnebia-benthamii
#6
Latif Ahmad, He Yi, Jia-Chen Hao, Andrew Semotiuk, Quan-Ru Liu, Paras Mazari
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: From early times man has used medicinal plants for the treatment of various ailments and basic health care needs. The use of herbal medicines has increased day by day and with this, so do reports of adverse events, poisoning, and suspected toxicity. Similarly, the indigenous communities of Neelum Valley in Azad Kashmir commonly use Arnebia benthamii (Wall. ex G.Don) I.M.Johnst. for medicinal purposes to treat various human aliments. Besides their medicinal uses, it also contains hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806972/overexpression-of-arabidopsis-p3b-increases-heat-and-low-temperature-stress-tolerance-in-transgenic-sweetpotato
#7
Chang Yoon Ji, Rong Jin, Zhen Xu, Ho Soo Kim, Chan-Ju Lee, Le Kang, So-Eun Kim, Hyeong-Un Lee, Joon Seol Lee, Chang Ho Kang, Yong Hun Chi, Sang Yeol Lee, Yiping Xie, Hongmin Li, Daifu Ma, Sang-Soo Kwak
BACKGROUND: Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas [L.] Lam) is suitable for growth on marginal lands due to its abiotic stress tolerance. However, severe environmental conditions including low temperature pose a serious threat to the productivity and expanded cultivation of this crop. In this study, we aimed to develop sweetpotato plants with enhanced tolerance to temperature stress. RESULTS: P3 proteins are plant-specific ribosomal P-proteins that act as both protein and RNA chaperones to increase heat and cold stress tolerance in Arabidopsis...
August 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806422/silver-nanoparticles-as-a-control-agent-against-facades-coated-by-aerial-algae-a-model-study-of-apatococcus-lobatus-green-algae
#8
Paulina Nowicka-Krawczyk, Joanna Żelazna-Wieczorek, Tomasz Koźlecki
Aerial algae are an important biological factor causing the biodegradation of building materials and facades. Conservation procedures aimed at the protection of historic and utility materials must be properly designed to avoid an increase of the degradation rate. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of silver nanoparticles (AgNP) synthetized with features contributing to the accessibility and toxicity (spherical shape, small size) on the most frequently occurring species of green algae in aerial biofilms and thus, the most common biodegradation factor-Apatococcus lobatus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805689/visual-servoing-for-an-autonomous-hexarotor-using-a-neural-network-based-pid-controller
#9
Carlos Lopez-Franco, Javier Gomez-Avila, Alma Y Alanis, Nancy Arana-Daniel, Carlos Villaseñor
In recent years, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have gained significant attention. However, we face two major drawbacks when working with UAVs: high nonlinearities and unknown position in 3D space since it is not provided with on-board sensors that can measure its position with respect to a global coordinate system. In this paper, we present a real-time implementation of a servo control, integrating vision sensors, with a neural proportional integral derivative (PID), in order to develop an hexarotor image based visual servo control (IBVS) that knows the position of the robot by using a velocity vector as a reference to control the hexarotor position...
August 12, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805461/a-new-caffeic-acid-tetramer-from-the-dracocephalum-moldavica-l
#10
Jun-Liang Zhang, Ren-Jie Yan, Ning Yu, Xue Zhang, Dai-Jie Chen, Tong Wu, Jian-Guo Xin
A new caffeic acid tetramer compound, named (+) methyl rabdosiin (4), together with seven known caffeic acid multimers (1-3, 5-8) and one caffeic acid monomer (9), were isolated from the aerial parts of Dracocephalum moldavica L. The structures of these compounds were assigned on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic and mass spectrometry analyses. The protective effects of compounds 2-4 against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced apoptosis were evaluated in primary cardiomyocytes of SD neonatal rats in vitro by the MTT method...
August 14, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804810/assessing-the-phytoavailability-of-arsenic-and-phosphorus-to-corn-plant-after-the-addition-of-an-acrylic-copolymer-to-polluted-soils
#11
Tahereh Mansouri, Ahmad Golchin, Hossein Kouhestani
Soil pollution by arsenic increases the potential risk of arsenic entrance into the food chain. The usefulness of maleic anhydride- styrene- acrylic acid copolymer on the mobility and phytoavailability of arsenic was evaluated. Treatments were the concentrations of acrylic copolymer (0, 0.05, 0.10, and 0.20% w/w) and the concentrations of soil total arsenic (0, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 96 mg kg(-1)). Sodium arsenate was added in appropriate amounts to subsamples of an uncontaminated soil to give contaminated soils with different levels of arsenic...
August 13, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804491/phylloremediation-of-air-pollutants-exploiting-the-potential-of-plant-leaves-and-leaf-associated-microbes
#12
REVIEW
Xiangying Wei, Shiheng Lyu, Ying Yu, Zonghua Wang, Hong Liu, Dongming Pan, Jianjun Chen
Air pollution is air contaminated by anthropogenic or naturally occurring substances in high concentrations for a prolonged time, resulting in adverse effects on human comfort and health as well as on ecosystems. Major air pollutants include particulate matters (PMs), ground-level ozone (O3), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxides (NO2), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). During the last three decades, air has become increasingly polluted in countries like China and India due to rapid economic growth accompanied by increased energy consumption...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802132/importance-of-intra-and-interspecific-plant-interactions-for-the-phytomanagement-of-semiarid-mine-tailings-using-the-tree-species-pinus-halepensis
#13
Duli Martinez-Oró, Isabel Parraga-Aguado, Jose Ignacio Querejeta, Héctor M Conesa
The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of plant interactions (intra- and interspecific) on the growth and metal(loid) uptake of the tree species Pinus halepensis to determine its suitability for the phytomanagement of semiarid mine tailings. The pioneer tailings colonizer grass Piptatherum miliaceum was selected for assessing interspecific interactions. The experiment was conducted following a pot experimental design employing mine tailings soil. Pots containing single individuals of P. halepensis or P...
August 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800850/characterization-of-the-autophagy-related-gene-bmatg8-in-bipolaris-maydis
#14
Takuya Sumita, Kosuke Izumitsu, Chihiro Tanaka
Autophagy is involved in cellular development and the maintenance of viability under nutrient deprivation in a wide range of eukaryotes. A filamentous ascomycete Bipolaris maydis, responsible for southern corn leaf blight, is also studied as a model fungus for sexual reproduction in filamentous ascomycetes that form filiform ascospores. In order to clarify the roles of autophagy in various stages of the life cycle of B. maydis, we constructed null mutants of BmATG8, an orthologue of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae autophagy gene ATG8 in B...
September 2017: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798756/aerial-warfare-a-volatile-dialogue-between-the-plant-pathogen-verticillium-longisporum-and-its-antagonist-paenibacillus-polymyxa
#15
Daria Rybakova, Ute Rack-Wetzlinger, Tomislav Cernava, Angelika Schaefer, Maria Schmuck, Gabriele Berg
Verticillium wilt caused by Verticillium spp. results in severe yield losses in a broad range of crops. Verticillium outbreaks are challenging to control, and exacerbated by increases in soil temperatures and drought associated with global warming. Employing natural antagonists as biocontrol agents offers a promising approach to addressing this challenge. Paenibacillus polymyxa Sb3-1 was proven to reduce the growth of Verticillium longisporum during in vitro experiments and was shown to promote the growth of oilseed rape seedlings infested with V...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797651/biological-effects-and-chemical-characterization-of-iris-schachtii-markgr-extracts-a-new-source-of-bioactive-constituents
#16
Andrei Mocan, Gokhan Zengin, Adriano Mollica, Ahmet Uysal, Erdogan Gunes, Gianina Crișan, Abdurrahman Aktumsek
This study gathers information about the effects of different extracts (methanol and water) from rhizomes and aerial parts of Iris schachtii on selected enzymes (cholinesterases, alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase, tyrosinase and lipase) as well as on their antioxidant capacities and antimutagenic properties in relation with their phenolic composition. The chemical composition was assessed by determining total phenolic and flavonoid content as well as individual phenolic compounds by HPLC-DAD. Moreover, antioxidant abilities of the investigated extracts were tested by using different assays including free radical scavenging (DPPH and ABTS), reducing power (CUPRAC and FRAP), phosphomolybdenum and metal chelating, overall rhizomes being indicated as a superior source of antioxidant compounds...
August 7, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796843/the-commercial-harvest-of-ice-associated-seals-in-the-sea-of-okhotsk-1972-1994
#17
Irina S Trukhanova, Aleksey I Grachev, Aleksandr G Somov, Vladimir N Burkanov, Kristin L Laidre, Peter L Boveng
Sealing log books from 75 out of 79 commercial harvest cruises carried out between 1972 and 1994 in the Sea of Okhotsk, Russia, were analyzed to describe spatial and temporal allocation of ice-associated seal harvest effort, species composition of catches, total harvest rates, and related parameters for species including ringed (Pusa hispida), ribbon (Histriophoca fasciata), bearded (Erignathus barbatus) and spotted (Phoca largha) seal. Variations in catch per unit effort were explored in relation to year, sea ice conditions, day of the year, and geographic location...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796184/a-heterogeneous-sensing-system-based-method-for-unmanned-aerial-vehicle-indoor-positioning
#18
Can Wang, Kang Li, Guoyuan Liang, Haoyao Chen, Sheng Huang, Xinyu Wu
The indoor environment has brought new challenges for micro Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in terms of their being able to execute tasks with high positioning accuracy. Conventional positioning methods based on GPS are unreliable, although certain circumstances of limited space make it possible to apply new technologies. In this paper, we propose a novel indoor self-positioning system of UAV based on a heterogeneous sensing system, which integrates data from a structured light scanner, ultra-wideband (UWB), and an inertial navigation system (INS)...
August 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795513/the-economic-implications-of-sylvatic-rabies-eradication-in-italy
#19
S Sartore, P Mulatti, S Trestini, M Lorenzetto, L Gagliazzo, S Marangon, L Bonfanti
After more than 10 years of absence, sylvatic rabies re-appeared in Italy in 2008. To prevent disease spread, three oral rabies vaccination (ORV) campaigns targeting red foxes were performed through manual distribution of vaccine baits between January and September 2009. As these campaigns proved unsuccessful, at the end of December 2009, baits started being distributed using helicopters, allowing uniform coverage of larger areas in a shorter time period. From winter 2009 to autumn 2016, a total of 15 ORV campaigns (four emergency, four regular and seven preventive ORV) were implemented through aerial distribution of baits...
August 9, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792539/active-microorganisms-thrive-among-extremely-diverse-communities-in-cloud-water
#20
Pierre Amato, Muriel Joly, Ludovic Besaury, Anne Oudart, Najwa Taib, Anne I Moné, Laurent Deguillaume, Anne-Marie Delort, Didier Debroas
Clouds are key components in Earth's functioning. In addition of acting as obstacles to light radiations and chemical reactors, they are possible atmospheric oases for airborne microorganisms, providing water, nutrients and paths to the ground. Microbial activity was previously detected in clouds, but the microbial community that is active in situ remains unknown. Here, microbial communities in cloud water collected at puy de Dôme Mountain's meteorological station (1465 m altitude, France) were fixed upon sampling and examined by high-throughput sequencing from DNA and RNA extracts, so as to identify active species among community members...
2017: PloS One
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