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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537759/imaging-evaluation-of-nonacute-shoulder-pain
#1
Michael J Tuite, Kirstin M Small
OBJECTIVE: A variety of radiographic views have been described in the literature for the initial imaging of nonacute shoulder pain. Multiple articles have also discussed the best next imaging test if radiographs do not show the diagnosis, especially the use of unenhanced MRI, MR arthrography, CT arthrography, and ultrasound. The purpose of this article is to examine the evidence for the most helpful radiographic views and the best imaging test after radiographs for different clinical presentations of chronic shoulder pain...
May 24, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533624/relative-and-absolute-reliability-of-ultrasound-measurements-for-the-thickness-of-the-soft-tissue-around-the-shoulder-joint-of-young-normal-subjects
#2
Nobuhisa Ohya, Takumi Yamada, Yoshinao Satoh, Hirobumi Kawamura
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability of ultrasound measurements by analyzing the relative reliability and absolute reliability when measuring soft tissue thickness around the shoulder joint. [Subjects and Methods] Eleven healthy young adults (22 shoulders) participated in this study. Thickness of the supraspinatus tendon, subacromial bursa, and biceps tendon was measured on both shoulders. This protocol was performed twice in the same day. The relative reliability of ultrasound measurement was evaluated using the intraclass correlation coefficient for determining the degree of consistency and agreement between two measures...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532867/ultrasound-study-of-elbow-ulnar-collateral-ligament-changes-in-collegiate-baseball-players-a-pilot-study
#3
Johnathan Erb, Heather Sherman, Sydney Williard, Julien Bui, Aimie Kachingwe
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in elbow ulnar collateral ligament length in college baseball pitchers over the course of a single season. DESIGN: Cohort Feasibility Study. METHODS: Diagnostic ultrasound was used to assess both the dominant and non-dominant medial elbow joint space in four pitchers and five fielders and compared to in-game pitching data. Shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle range of motion measurements were also taken...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507643/imaging-of-complications-after-limb-prostheses-implantation-in-children-with-bone-tumors
#4
Beata Iwanowska, Hanna Brągoszewska, Jarosław Mądzik, Sylwia Szkudlińska-Pawlak, Izabela Kopyś-Wiszniewska, Małgorzata Jastrzębska, Barbara Kowalska, Maria Uliasz, Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska
BACKGROUND: Tumors of the developmental age are an important problem in clinical practice. Primary bone tumors constitute 1-1.5% of all tumors, and 7% of all tumors diagnosed in the developmental age. The aim of the study was to assess the capabilities of imaging methods in diagnosing complications of limb endoprostheses in children with osteoarticular tumors. MATERIAL/METHODS: We included 155 patients with limb endoprostheses, aged 7-26 years. There were 113 patients with knee prostheses, 1 patient with bilateral knee prostheses, 16 patients with shoulder prostheses, 14 patients with hip prostheses, 11 patients with hip and knee prostheses, and 1 patient with a femoral prosthesis...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502699/supraspinatus-tendon-micromorphology-in-individuals-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#5
Federico Pozzi, Amee L Seitz, Hillary A Plummer, Kira Chow, Gregory R Bashford, Lori A Michener
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort. INTRODUCTION: Tendon collagen organization can be estimated by peak spatial frequency radius (PSFR) on ultrasound images. Characterizing PSFR can define the contribution of collagen disruption to shoulder symptoms. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this was to characterize the (1) supraspinatus tendon PSFR in participants with subacromial pain syndrome (SPS) and healthy controls; (2) PSFR between participants grouped on a tendon visual quality score; and (3) relationship between PSFR with patient-reported pain, function, and shoulder strength...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495574/does-acromioplasty-result-in-favorable-clinical-and-radiologic-outcomes-in-the-management-of-chronic-subacromial-pain-syndrome-a-double-blinded-randomized-clinical-trial-with-9-to-14-years-follow-up
#6
Arjen Kolk, Bregje J W Thomassen, Hajo Hund, Pieter Bas de Witte, Hans-Erik Henkus, Willem G Wassenaar, Ewoud R A van Arkel, Rob G H H Nelissen
BACKGROUND: The treatment effect of acromioplasty for chronic subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS) on long-term shoulder function and rotator cuff deterioration has still to be determined. This study aimed to determine the long-term clinical and radiologic treatment effect of arthroscopic acromioplasty in patients with chronic SAPS. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized clinical trial, 56 patients with chronic SAPS (median age, 47 years; age range, 31-60 years) were randomly allocated to arthroscopic bursectomy alone or to bursectomy combined with acromioplasty and were followed up for a median of 12 years...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483685/effects-of-low-load-exercise-on-postneedling-induced-pain-after-dry-needling-of-active-trigger-point-in-individuals-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#7
Jaime Salom-Moreno, Laura Jiménez-Gómez, Victoria Gómez-Ahufinger, María Palacios-Ceña, José L Arias-Buría, Shane L Koppenhaver, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
BACKGROUND: The application of dry needling usually is associated with postneedling-induced pain. A postneedling intervention reduce this adverse event is needed. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of low-load exercise on reducing postneedling-induced pain after dry needling of active trigger points (TrPs) in the infraspinatus muscle in subacromial pain syndrome. DESIGN: A 72-hour follow-up, single-blind randomized controlled trial...
May 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481725/intra-rater-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-standardized-ultrasound-protocol-for-assessing-subacromial-structures
#8
Birgitte Hougs Kjær, Karen Ellegaard, Ina Wieland, Susan Warming, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
BACKGROUND: US-examinations related to shoulder impingement (SI) often vary due to methodological differences, examiner positions, transducers, and recording parameters. Reliable US protocols for examination of different structures related to shoulder impingement are therefore needed. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the existing ultrasound (US) examinations of the subacromial space, the subacromial-subdeltoid bursa, and the supraspinatus tendon...
May 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480792/a-rare-presentation-of-meralgia-paraesthetica-in-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy
#9
Ozgur Zeliha Karaahmet, Eda Gurcay, Duygu Ozturk, Sukran Guzel, Aytul Cakci
A 44-year-old female with paraesthesia and pain on the left anterolateral thigh who had been diagnosed with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy by electromyography and muscle biopsy is presented. Neurological examination revealed atrophy of the proximal muscles of both shoulders, plus pseudo hypertrophy of both calves. Electromyography exhibited a myopathic pattern. Musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging demonstrated a fusiform nerve swelling below the inguinal ligament suggesting lateral femoral cutaneous nerve compression, consistent with meralgia paraesthetica...
January 1, 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467577/evaluation-of-forearm-arterial-repairs-functional-outcomes-related-to-arterial-repair
#10
Musa Kemal Keleş, Tekin Şimşek, Veysel Polat, Engin Yosma, Ahmet Demir
BACKGROUND: There are few studies of single forearm arterial injury repair that compare long-term results of intact and obliterated forearm arterial repair. Aim of the present study was to compare long-term results of forearm arterial repair using Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH) score and color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS). METHODS: Records of 166 consecutive patients with forearm arterial injury were reviewed, and 30 patients with same injury (ulnar artery, ulnar nerve, and tendon injuries at flexor zone V) were called back for CDUS and QuickDASH scoring...
March 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463922/ultrasound-screening-for-posterior-shoulder-dislocation-in-infants-with-persistent-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy
#11
Andrea S Bauer, Justin F Lucas, Nasser Heyrani, Ryan L Anderson, Leslie A Kalish, Michelle A James
BACKGROUND: Early detection of posterior shoulder dislocation in infants with brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP) is essential, but it may be difficult to accomplish with physical examination alone. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of shoulder dislocation in patients with BPBP using ultrasound and to identify which physical examination measurements correlated most with dislocation in these patients. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of data obtained in an ultrasound screening program of infants with BPBP born from January 2011 to April 2014...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460809/ultrasound-guided-interscalene-nerve-block-vs-procedural-sedation-by-propofol-and-fentanyl-for-anterior-shoulder-dislocations
#12
Esmaeil Raeyat Doost, Mohammad Mehdi Heiran, Mitra Movahedi, Amirhossein Mirafzal
BACKGROUND: Few studies were performed to compare ultrasound guided brachial plexus block with procedural sedation for reduction of shoulder dislocations in the Emergency Department (ED). This study was done to provide further evidence regarding this comparison. METHODS: This was a randomized clinical trial performed on patients presenting with anterior shoulder dislocations to the emergency department of an academic level 2 trauma center. Exclusion criteria were any contraindications to the drugs used, any patient which may not be potentially assigned into both groups because of an underlying medical condition, presence of neurovascular compromise related to the dislocation, presence of concomitant fractures, and patient refusal to participate in the study...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451619/tape-versus-suture-in-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-biomechanical-analysis-and-assessment-of-failure-rates-at-6-months
#13
Rui Wen Liu, Patrick Hong Lam, Henry M Shepherd, George A C Murrell
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff retears after surgical repair are associated with poorer subjective and objectives clinical outcomes than intact repairs. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to (1) examine the biomechanical differences between rotator cuff repair using No. 2 suture and tape in an ovine model and (2) compare early clinical outcomes between patients who had rotator cuff repair with tape and patients who had repair with No. 2 suture. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study and cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
April 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451606/ultrasound-and-functional-assessment-of-transtendinous-repairs-of-partial-thickness-articular-sided-rotator-cuff-tears
#14
Roger V Ostrander, Jeffrey M Klauser, Sanjay Menon, Joshua G Hackel
BACKGROUND: Partial-thickness articular-sided rotator cuff tears are a frequent source of shoulder pain. Despite conservative measures, some patients continue to be symptomatic and require surgical management. However, there is some controversy as to which surgical approach results in the best outcomes for grade 3 tears. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate repair integrity and the clinical results of patients treated with transtendinous repair of high-grade partial-thickness articular-sided rotator cuff tears...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438383/remitting-seronegative-symmetrical-synovitis-with-pitting-edema-rs3pe-syndrome-induced-by-nivolumab
#15
Marie-Léa Gauci, Barouyr Baroudjian, Pauline Laly, Isabelle Madelaine, Laetitia Da Meda, Laetitia Vercellino, Martine Bagot, Frédéric Lioté, Cécile Pages, Céleste Lebbé
INTRODUCTION: A new articular syndrome described as immunrelated side effect of immunotherapy: PD-1 inhibitors have revolutionized the treatment of advanced melanoma but are responsible for immune-related toxicity. We report a case of remitting seronegative symetrical synovitis with pitting edema (RS3PE) syndrome induced by nivolumab. CASE REPORT: A 80 year-old man with stage IV BRAF-wild type and NRAS exon 2-mutated melanoma was treated first line by nivolumab 3mg/kg every 2 weeks...
March 8, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434187/ultrasound-guided-intra-articular-injection-of-the-radio-ulnar-radio-humeral-joints-and-ultrasound-guided-dry-needling-of-the-affected-limb-muscles-to-relieve-fixed-pronation-deformity-and-myofascial-issues-around-the-shoulder-in-a-case-of-complex-regional
#16
Renuka Pai, Lakshmi Vas
BACKGROUND: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) occurs due to different pathophysiological mechanisms. Presently there is no description of definitive treatment that can resolve the especially recalcitrant motor issues of disability in CRPS-1. CASE REPORT: We have herein described the successful management of motor disability with a multi-modal approach in a patient with CRPS-1 that occurred as a result of a fracture sustained in the lower end of the radius. Sensory/sudomotor/vasomotor symptoms were relieved completely by medications and stellate ganglion block, in two weeks...
April 23, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427416/shoulder-ultrasonography-performed-by-orthopedic-surgeons-increases-efficiency-in-diagnosis-of-rotator-cuff-tears
#17
Chih-Hao Chiu, Poyu Chen, Alvin Chao-Yu Chen, Kuo-Yao Hsu, Shih-Sheng Chang, Yi-Sheng Chan, Yeung-Jen Chen
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are very common and their incidence increases with age. Shoulder ultrasonography has recently gained popularity in detecting rotator cuff tears because of its efficiency, cost-effectiveness, time-saving, and real-time nature of the procedure. Well-trained orthopedic surgeons may utilize shoulder ultrasonography to diagnose rotator cuff tears. The wait time of patients planned to have shoulder MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) to rule in rotator cuff tears may decrease after orthopedic surgeon start doing shoulder ultrasonography as a screening tool for that...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419018/diagnosis-of-a-posterior-fracture-dislocation-of-the-medial-clavicle-in-an-adolescent-with-point-of-care-ultrasound
#18
Brunhild M Halm, Lindsey T Chaudoin
We report a case of an adolescent patient with medial clavicular tenderness after a fall on the lateral left shoulder. Initial radiographs did not reveal a fracture or dislocation. Point-of-care ultrasound was used to diagnose a posterior clavicular fracture dislocation.
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411338/shoulder-bankart-lesion-with-posterior-instability-a-case-report-of-ultrasound-detection
#19
Ryuzo Arai, Taisuke Ito, Shuzo Okudaira, Shuichi Matsuda
Minor instability of the shoulder has recently drawn attention as a cause of shoulder pain in athletes. However, it is difficult to correctly diagnose the direction in which the humeral head translates and subluxates, and to clarify the pathology of the instability. We present a case of a 20-year-old male with an unstable shoulder who could not raise his left arm due to pain. Since 6 years prior to the onset of pain, the patient could asymptomatically perform voluntary subluxation, but it was slight and the direction of the subluxation could not be confirmed...
April 14, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403412/reduced-hemidiaphragmatic-paresis-with-extrafascial-compared-with-conventional-intrafascial-tip-placement-for-continuous-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-trial
#20
E Albrecht, I Bathory, N Fournier, A Jacot-Guillarmod, A Farron, R Brull
Background.: The incidence of hemidiaphragmatic paresis with continuous interscalene brachial plexus block (CISB) can approach 100%. We tested the hypothesis that extrafascial placement of the catheter tip reduces the rate of hemidiaphragmatic paresis compared with intrafascial tip placement for CISB while providing effective analgesia. Methods.: Seventy patients undergoing elective major shoulder surgery under general anaesthesia were randomized to receive an ultrasound-guided CISB plexus block for analgesia with the catheter tip placed either within (intrafascial group) or immediately outside (extrafascial group) the brachial plexus sheath midway between the levels of C5 and C6...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
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