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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087089/point-of-care-ultrasound-diagnosis-of-posterior-sternoclavicular-joint-dislocation
#1
Rachel R Bengtzen, Ryan C Petering
BACKGROUND: Posterior sternoclavicular dislocations can be challenging diagnostically, as traumatic force often happens to the lateral shoulder rather than directly to the sternoclavicular joint. Shoulder radiographs do not illustrate the sternoclavicular joint well, and can miss the diagnosis. This injury, however, has the potential for life-threatening complications due to proximity of mediastinal structures that might also be injured. CASE REPORT: The following case illustrates a delayed diagnosis of posterior sternoclavicular dislocation...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079648/acute-response-of-the-infraspinatus-and-biceps-tendons-to-pitching-in-youth-baseball
#2
Adam Popchak, Nathan Hogaboom, Dharmesh Vyas, John Abt, Anthony Delitto, James J Irrgang, Michael Boninger
PURPOSE: Youth baseball frequently results in repetitive strain injuries. Quantitative ultrasound allows real-time imaging with the ability to identify acute markers of tendon change. The study objective was to determine acute quantitative ultrasound changes in the long head of the biceps and infraspinatus tendons of the throwing and non-throwing shoulders during a pitching performance. We hypothesized the tendons of the pitching arm would exhibit an increased width and decreased echogenicity after pitching and that tendons of the non-pitching arm would not demonstrate such changes...
January 11, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076692/the-effects-of-ultrasound-guided-corticosteroid-injection-for-the-treatment-of-hemiplegic-shoulder-pain-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#3
Min Cheol Chang
PURPOSE: We attempted to investigate whether ultrasound (US)-guided intraarticular or subacromial bursa corticosteroid injections can potentially influence the severity of depression and anxiety in patients with chronic stroke with hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP). METHODS: Thirty patients with chronic stroke with HSP received US-guided corticosteroid injections. Numeric rating scale (NRS) scores, passive shoulder range of motion (ROM), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scores, and Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) scores were evaluated before the injection, and one and two months after the injection...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039653/effect-of-ultrasound-guided-phrenic-nerve-block-on-shoulder-pain-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Myung Sub Yi, Won Joong Kim, Min Kyoung Kim, Hyun Kang, Yong-Hee Park, Yong Hun Jung, Seung Eun Lee, Hwa Yong Shin
BACKGROUND: Post-laparoscopic shoulder pain (PLSP) frequently follows a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A proposed mechanism for PLSP is the irritation or injury of the phrenic nerve by the CO2 pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic surgery. Here, we investigated whether a phrenic nerve block (PNB), performed under ultrasound guidance, could reduce the incidence and severity of PLSP after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHOD: Sixty patients were randomized into two groups, with one group receiving PNB with 4 ml (30 mg) of 0...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035912/effectiveness-of-therapeutic-ultrasound-with-or-without-thumb-spica-splint-in-the-management-of-de-quervain-s-disease
#5
Waqar Ahmed Awan, Muhammad Naveed Babur, Tahir Masood
BACKGROUND: The management of De Quervain's disease is determined more by Intuition than scientific data. The choice of first line conservative option for the management of De Quervain's disease is still a topic of debate. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of therapeutic ultrasound with or without spica splint in the management of De Quervain's disease (DQD). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: Outpatient department of Al-Nafees Medical College Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025374/effect-of-local-anesthetic-concentration-0-2-vs-0-1-ropivacaine-on-pulmonary-function-and-analgesia-after-ultrasound-guided-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block-a-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Andrew K Wong, Lauren Georgiades Keeney, Liting Chen, Rebekah Williams, Jiabin Liu, Nabil M Elkassabany
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess diaphragmatic excursion and measure pulmonary functions as measures of the degree to which the phrenic nerve is blocked after ISB with two different concentrations of ropivacaine: 0.2% and 0.1%. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blinded study. SETTING AND PATIENTS: Ambulatory surgical facility. SUBJECTS: Fifty patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy for rotator cuff repair. METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive ultrasound-guided ISB with 20 mL of either 0...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005095/a-guide-to-ultrasound-of-the-shoulder-part-3-interventional-and-procedural-uses
#7
Alan M Hirahara, Alberto J Panero
Ultrasound is an extremely useful diagnostic tool for physicians, but recent advances have found that ultrasound's greatest utility is in interventional and procedural uses. Numerous studies have demonstrated a significant improvement in outcome and patient satisfaction when using ultrasound guidance for injections. Newer techniques are emerging to use ultrasound as an aid to surgery and interventional procedures. This allows the physician to use smaller incisions and less invasive methods, which are also easier to use for the practitioner and more cost-effective...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002862/ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-irrigation-of-calcific-tendinopathy
#8
Carmelo Messina, Luca Maria Sconfienza
Rotator cuff calcific tendinopathy (RCCT) is a common disease that may cause highly disabling shoulder pain. No treatment is required for asymptomatic calcifications; mild symptoms may be treated conservatively. Among several therapeutic options, ultrasound-guided percutaneous irrigation of calcific tendinopathy (US-PICT) is currently accepted as the first-line safe and effective treatment for RCCT, with significant pain improvement and a very low rate of minor complications. Different approaches have been reported to dissolve calcified deposits, all including the use of a fluid (local anesthetic or saline solution) and the use of one or two needles to inject and retrieve the fluid/dissolved calcium...
November 2016: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997488/-stop-at-the-stoplight-seeking-alternative-targets-in-ultrasound-guided-brachial-plexus-block-for-regional-anesthesia-of-the-shoulder
#9
Laith Malhas, Ki Jinn Chin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980012/baseline-shoulder-ultrasonography-is-not-a-predictive-marker-of-response-to-glucocorticoids-in-patients-with-polymyalgia-rheumatica-a-12-month-followup-study
#10
Maria Concetta Miceli, Angelo Zoli, Giusy Peluso, Silvia Bosello, Elisa Gremese, Gianfranco Ferraccioli
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated whether ultrasound (US) subdeltoid bursitis (SB) and/or biceps tenosynovitis (BT) presence at baseline could represent a predictive marker of response to standard therapy after 12 months of followup, and whether a positive US examination could highlight the need of higher maintenance dosage of glucocorticoids (GC) at 6 and 12 months in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). METHODS: Sixty-six consecutive patients with PMR underwent bilateral shoulder US evaluations before starting therapy and after 12 months of followup...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977849/conservative-interventions-for-treating-middle-third-clavicle-fractures-in-adolescents-and-adults
#11
REVIEW
Mário Lenza, Flávio Faloppa
BACKGROUND: Clavicle (collarbone) fractures account for around 4% of all fractures. Most (76%) clavicle fractures involve the middle-third section of the clavicle. Treatment of these fractures is usually non-surgical (conservative). Commonly used treatments are arm slings, strapping and figure-of-eight bandages.This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2009 and updated in 2014. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects (benefits and harms) of different methods for conservative (non-operative) treatment for acute (treated soon after injury) middle third clavicle fractures in adolescents and adults...
15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956690/ultrasound-guided-posterior-cord-and-selective-suprascapular-block-for-shoulder-surgery
#12
M G Casanova, S Choi, P G McHardy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956233/graft-augmentation-versus-bridging-for-large-to-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Yohei Ono, Diego Alejandro Dávalos Herrera, Jarret M Woodmass, Richard S Boorman, Gail M Thornton, Ian K Y Lo
PURPOSE: To systematically review the literature on the healing rates and clinical outcomes of the 2 different graft indications (i.e., augmentation vs bridging) during rotator cuff repair. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed for clinical studies of rotator cuff repair using grafts for large to massive tears. The primary outcome was tendon healing on either magnetic resonance imaging or ultrasound. The secondary outcomes included visual analog scale for pain, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, and University of California at Los Angeles score, and forward elevation...
December 9, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942108/effects-of-scapular-stability-exercise-on-shoulder-stability-and-rehabilitative-ultrasound-images-in-office-workers
#14
Seong-Uk Go, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] To examine the clinical effectiveness of scapular stability exercise on shoulder stability and rehabilitative ultrasound images in office workers. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-eight subjects were randomly divided into a scapular stability exercise group (n=19) and a manual therapy group (n=19). Subjects in the scapular stability exercise group performed a scapular stability exercise designed to correct the abnormal location of the scapula, at 40 minutes per session, two times per week, for 6 weeks...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941908/association-of-bicipital-peritendinous-effusion-with-subacromial-impingement-a-dynamic-ultrasonographic-study-of-337-shoulders
#15
Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-Ting Wu, Levent Özçakar
Bicipital peritendinous effusion (BPE) is the most common biceps tendon abnormality and can be related to various shoulder ultrasonographic findings. Since the association of BPE with subacromial impingement is unclear, our study aimed to explore its association with the dynamic subacromial impingement test during ultrasound (US) imaging. We included 337 shoulders referred for US examinations and quantified the amount of BPE. Effusion more than 1 mm in thickness was considered a positive finding. A comparison of three grades of subacromial impingement, adjusted by patient demographics, static sonographic shoulder pathology, and physical findings, by using multivariate regression models revealed that the odds ratio of subacromial impingement (with 95% confidence intervals) in the presence of BPE was 6...
December 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941477/diaphragm-sparing-nerve-blocks-for-shoulder-surgery
#16
De Q H Tran, Maria Francisca Elgueta, Julian Aliste, Roderick J Finlayson
Shoulder surgery can result in significant postoperative pain. Interscalene brachial plexus blocks (ISBs) constitute the current criterion standard for analgesia but may be contraindicated in patients with pulmonary pathology due to the inherent risk of phrenic nerve block and symptomatic hemidiaphragmatic paralysis. Although ultrasound-guided ISB with small volumes (5 mL), dilute local anesthetic (LA) concentrations, and LA injection 4 mm lateral to the brachial plexus have been shown to reduce the risk of phrenic nerve block, no single intervention can decrease its incidence below 20%...
January 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936246/diagnostic-accuracy-of-clinical-examination-and-imaging-findings-for-identifying-subacromial-pain
#17
Angela Cadogan, Peter J McNair, Mark Laslett, Wayne A Hing
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of subacromial pathology is limited by the poor accuracy of clinical tests for specific pathologies. The aim of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of clinical examination and imaging features for identifying subacromial pain (SAP) defined by a positive response to diagnostic injection, and to evaluate the influence of imaging findings on the clinical diagnosis of SAP. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In a prospective, diagnostic accuracy design, 208 consecutive patients presenting to their primary healthcare practitioner for the first time with a new episode of shoulder pain were recruited...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930553/the-effects-of-hyaluronic-acid-on-hemiplegic-shoulder-injury-and-pain-in-patients-with-subacute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#18
Yu-Chi Huang, Chau-Peng Leong, Lin Wang, Mei-Ju Chen, Chien-Yi Chuang, Mei-Yun Liaw, Lin-Yi Wang
BACKGROUND: Hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) is one of the most common comorbidities in stroke patients with flaccid shoulders. The pain limits functional motor recovery and affects the activities of daily living after acute stroke. This study investigated the effects of hyaluronic acid (HA) injection on pain reduction and motor function in subacute stroke patients with HSP and injury. METHODS: A randomized, double-blinded controlled trial was conducted in a medical center...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928546/radiostereometric-evaluation-of-tendon-elongation-after-distal-biceps-repair
#19
Nathan E Marshall, Robert A Keller, Kelechi Okoroha, John Michael Guest, Charles Yu, Stephanie Muh, Vasilios Moutzouros
BACKGROUND: Operative repair of distal biceps tendon ruptures has shown successful outcomes. However, little is known about the amount of tendon or repair site lengthening after repair. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate distal biceps tendon repair via intratendinous radiostereometric analysis to analyze tendon lengthening at different time intervals of healing. The hypothesis was that there is significant lengthening after repair. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920709/shoulder-pain-after-fall-septic-shock-and-pyomyositis-associated-with-breast-cancer-chemotherapy-and-lymphedema
#20
Hiromitsu Kitayama, Junko Sugiyama, Michiaki Hirayama, Yosihiro Onada, Yasushi Tsuji
BACKGROUND: As a symptom of pyomyositis, sepsis usually follows local inflammation signs. Here, we report pyomyositis with lymphedema of upper extremity in which septic shock and poor local findings initially presented during chemotherapy for breast cancer. CASE REPORT: An 80-year-old woman presented with chronic right shoulder pain during chemotherapy for the recurrent disease. She had a history of postmastectomy lymphedema, diabetes mellitus, and repeated hyaluronic acid injections to the shoulder joint...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
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