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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545277/-effect-of-the-ischemic-post-conditioning-on-the-prevention-of-the-cardio-renal-damage-in-patients-with-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-after-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#1
Y Y Wang, T Li, Y W Liu, B J Liu, X M Hu, Y Wang, W Q Gao, P Wu, L Huang, X Li, W J Peng, M Ning
Objective: To evaluate the effect of the ischemic post-conditioning (IPC) on the prevention of the cardio-renal damage in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Methods: A total of 251 consecutive STEMI patients underwent PPCI in the heart center of Tianjin Third Central Hospital from January 2012 to June 2014 were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, control, single-blinded, clinical registry study. Patients were randomly divided into IPC group (123 cases) and control group (128 cases) with random number table...
April 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545270/-correlation-between-mutation-of-p53-gene-2-4-exons-from-peripheral-blood-and-hpv16-positive-cervical-cancer-susceptibility-and-clinical-significance
#2
C M Yin, Y F Yao, Z L Yan, H Y Yang
Objective: To detect mutations of p53 gene 2-4 exons from peripheral blood and to explore their relevance in HPV16-positive cervical cancer susceptibility and clinical significance. Methods: Collected firstly cases from the Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from October 2012 to April 2014, included 167 cases HPV16-postive cervical cancer and 160 cases HPV-negative healthy women. Genomic DNA from the host peripheral venous blood was taken, mutations of p53 gene 2-4 exons were analyzed with software DNAstar after PCR and bidirectional sequencing...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545266/-analysis-of-misssed-diagnosis-and-misdiagnosis-of-1-212-cases-with-placental-abruption
#3
D Xu, C Liang, J W Xu, J He
Objective: To investigate the risk factors and clinical manifestations of placental abruption, and to analyze the causes of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted in 135 584 women who delivered in Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from January 2005 to December 2015. The diagnosis of placental abruption was made in 1 212 cases. According to the consistency of prenatal and postnatal diagnosis, they were divided into 3 groups. (1) The diagnosis was consistent prenatally and postnatally in 715 cases(58...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545222/the-effect-of-education-through-short-message-service-sms-messages-on-diabetic-patients-adherence
#4
Wirawan Adikusuma, Nurul Qiyaam
Poor adherence and a lack of understanding of medication instructions for oral antidiabetic use are key factors that inhibit the control of glycemic levels. The aforementioned situation needs intervention to improve medication adherence and the therapy. This study was conducted with a quasi-experimental design with prospective data collection. The subjects of this study were 50 outpatients with type 2 diabetes melitus (T2DM) who had received oral antidiabetic medicine therapy at least six months prior to adherence measurement...
May 12, 2017: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545173/comparison-of-short-term-complications-of-general-and-spinal-anesthesia-for-primary-unilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty
#5
Yong Bok Park, Won Seok Chae, Sin Hyung Park, Ji Soo Yu, Sun Geun Lee, Soo Jae Yim
Purpose: To compare the occurrences of perioperative complications of two anesthetic techniques (general anesthesia [GA] and spinal anesthesia [SA] in patients undergoing primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Materials and Methods: Patients who underwent unilateral primary TKA due to osteoarthritis from January 2005 to January 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. They were divided into two groups: GA (n=490) and SA (n=746). The operation duration, length of perioperative stay in the operation room and occurrences of adverse events in postoperative 30 days (mean, 29...
June 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545155/rapid-diagnostic-tests-for-typhoid-and-paratyphoid-enteric-fever
#6
REVIEW
Lalith Wijedoru, Sue Mallett, Christopher M Parry
BACKGROUND: Differentiating both typhoid (Salmonella Typhi) and paratyphoid (Salmonella Paratyphi A) infection from other causes of fever in endemic areas is a diagnostic challenge. Although commercial point-of-care rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for enteric fever are available as alternatives to the current reference standard test of blood or bone marrow culture, or to the widely used Widal Test, their diagnostic accuracy is unclear. If accurate, they could potentially replace blood culture as the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended main diagnostic test for enteric fever...
May 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545109/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-wound-healing-in-diabetic-rats-varying-efficacy-after-a-clinically-based-protocol
#7
Johan W van Neck, Bastiaan Tuk, Esther M G Fijneman, Jonathan J Redeker, Edwin M Talahatu, Miao Tong
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a clinical treatment in which a patient breathes pure oxygen for a limited period of time at an increased pressure. Although this therapy has been used for decades to assist wound healing, its efficacy for many conditions is unproven and its mechanism of action is not yet fully clarified. This study investigated the effects of HBOT on wound healing using a diabetes-impaired pressure ulcer rat model. Seven weeks after streptozotocin-induced diabetes in rats (n = 55), a pressure ulcer was created on dorsal skin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545084/feasibility-study-of-tspo-quantification-with-18f-feppa-using-population-based-input-function
#8
Rostom Mabrouk, Antonio P Strafella, Dunja Knezevic, Christine Ghadery, Romina Mizrahi, Avideh Gharehgazlou, Yuko Koshimori, Sylvain Houle, Pablo Rusjan
PURPOSE: The input function (IF) is a core element in the quantification of Translocator protein 18 kDa with positron emission tomography (PET), as no suitable reference region with negligible binding has been identified. Arterial blood sampling is indeed needed to create the IF (ASIF). In the present manuscript we study individualization of a population based input function (PBIF) with a single arterial manual sample to estimate total distribution volume (VT) for [18F]FEPPA and to replicate previously published clinical studies in which the ASIF was used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545082/clinical-endoscopic-management-and-outcome-of-post-endoscopic-sphincterotomy-bleeding
#9
Wei-Chen Lin, Hsaing-Hung Lin, Chien-Yuan Hung, Shou-Chuan Shih, Cheng-Hsin Chu
Post-endoscopic sphincterotomy bleeding is a common complication of biliary sphincterotomy, and the incidence varies from 1% to 48%. It can be challenging to localize the bleeder or to administer various interventions through a side-viewing endoscope. This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors of post-endoscopic sphincterotomy bleeding and the outcome of endoscopic intervention therapies. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 513 patients who underwent biliary sphincterotomy in Mackay Memorial Hospital between 2011 and 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545014/paracetamol-causes-endocrine-disruption-and-hepatotoxicity-in-male-fish-rhamdia-quelen-after-subchronic-exposure
#10
Izonete Cristina Guiloski, João Luiz Coelho Ribas, Laercio Dante Stein Piancini, Ana Carolina Dagostim, Silvana Maris Cirio, Luis Fernando Fávaro, Suelen Lúcio Boschen, Marta Margarete Cestari, Cláudio da Cunha, Helena Cristina Silva de Assis
Paracetamol is one of the most widely sold non-prescription drugs. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the paracetamol on reproductive, biochemical, genetic, histopathological and hematogical biomarkers by waterborne exposure. Male fish of Rhamdia quelen were exposed to environmental concentrations of paracetamol (0, 0.25, 2.5μg/L) in a semi-static bioassay for 21days. Hemoglobin and hematocrit were reduced upon exposure to 0.25μg/L of paracetamol. Leukocytes and thrombocytes increased after paracetamol exposure...
May 8, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544984/histo-blood-group-antigens-as-mediators-of-infections
#11
REVIEW
Julie E Heggelund, Annabelle Varrot, Anne Imberty, Ute Krengel
The critical first step of a microbial infection is usually the attachment of pathogens to host cell glycans. Targets on host tissues are in particular the histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs), which are present in rich diversity in the mucus layer and on the underlying mucosa. Recent structural and functional studies have revealed significant new insight into the molecular mechanisms, explaining why individuals with certain blood groups are at increased risk of some infections. The most prominent example of blood-group-associated diseases is cholera, caused by infection with Vibrio cholerae...
May 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544917/effective-and-safe-mannitol-administration-in-patients-undergoing-supratentorial-tumor-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-and-double-blind-study
#12
Eren Fatma Akcil, Ozlem Korkmaz Dilmen, Esra Sultan Karabulut, Serdar Selcuk Koksal, Fatis Altindas, Yusuf Tunali
OBJECTIVES: Although osmotic diuresis with mannitol is commonly used to provide brain relaxation, there is no consensus regarding its optimal dose and combination with loop diuretics. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effects of mannitol and combination of furosemide with different doses of mannitol on brain relaxation and on blood electrolytes, lactate level, urine output, fluid balance and blood osmolarity in patients undergoing supratentorial tumor surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study included 51 patients (ASA I-III) scheduled for elective supratentorial craniotomy...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544855/descriptive-study-of-relationship-between-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-and-biomarkers-in-vascular-related-diseases
#13
Jinbo Liu, Huan Liu, Hongwei Zhao, Guangyun Shang, Yingyan Zhou, Lihong Li, Hongyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) was supposed to be an independent predictor for vascular-related events. Biomarkers such as homocysteine (Hcy), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and urine albumin(microalbumin) (UAE) have involved the pathophysiological development of arteriosclerosis. The present study was to investigate relationship between CAVI and biomarkers in vascular-related diseases. METHODS: A total of 656 subjects (M/F 272/384) from department of Vascular Medicine were enrolled into our study...
May 25, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544682/hypertension-induced-by-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-for-the-treatment-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-single-center-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Kentaro Nakai, Hideki Fujii, Keiji Kono, Shunsuke Goto, Shinichi Nishi
Malignancy is a major cause of mortality in dialysis patients. Although molecular-targeted anticancer drugs, including tyrosine-kinase inhibitors, are used for advanced renal cell carcinoma treatment, there are few reports on their effectiveness and safety in dialysis patients. Renal cell carcinoma dialysis patients treated at our hospital from 2010 to 2013 participated in this study. Thirteen patients were treated with tyrosine-kinase inhibitors and 15 patients with surgery only (control group). During treatment, blood pressure changes and dry weight reduction tended to be greater in the tyrosine-kinase inhibitor group than in controls...
May 23, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544660/altered-secretion-of-sertoli-cells-hormones-in-2-year-old-prepubertal-cryptorchid-boys-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
S M Hamdi, T Almont, P Galinier, R Mieusset, P Thonneau
In cryptorchid boys, failures in germ cell development have been clearly established. Some studies reported some abnormalities in Sertoli cells morphology but the results regarding their endocrine secretion remain controversial. To compare testicular hormone levels in young boys with and without cryptorchidism, we performed a cross-sectional hospital-based study. From surgery appointment records, we identified a case group of boys with unilateral or bilateral cryptorchidism and a control group undergoing dental care, minor osteoarticular or dermal surgery...
May 23, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544654/hypogonadism-in-testicular-cancer-patients-is-associated-with-risk-factors-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#16
C Bogefors, S Isaksson, J Bobjer, M Kitlinski, I Leijonhufvud, K Link, A Giwercman
More than 95% of testicular cancer are cured but they are at increased long-term risk of cardiovascular disease. The risk of cardiovascular disease and treatment intensity was reported, but it is unknown whether this effect of cancer therapy is direct or indirect, mediated through androgen deficiency. Our aim was, therefore, to evaluate whether testicular cancer patients have increased the prevalence of risk factors of cardiovascular disease and if these risk factors are associated with hypogonadism and/or the cancer treatment given...
May 23, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544636/visit-to-visit-systolic-blood-pressure-variability-predicts-treatment-related-adverse-event-of-hyponatremia-in-sprint
#17
Abhinav Goyal, Kenechukwu Mezue, Janani Rangaswami
Hypertension is a common condition and an important cardiovascular risk factor. SPRINT trial showed that the beneficial effects of targeting systolic blood pressure <120 mmHg were accompanied by more adverse events. De-identified SPRINT database was used for this analysis. All subjects in each group that achieved their respective target blood pressure (<120, intensive; <140, standard) were included. Only readings after reaching target blood pressure for the first time were included. Subjects that never reached target or had <2 readings upon reaching target were excluded...
May 25, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544600/effect-of-magnesium-on-arrhythmia-incidence-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#18
Alireza Mohammadzadeh, Farshad Towfighi, Naser Jafari
BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrhythmia after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery is a common complication of cardiac surgery. The effect of serum magnesium, hypomagnesaemia treatment and prophylactic administration of magnesium in the development and prevention of arrhythmias is controversial and there are many different ideas. This study evaluates the therapeutic effects of magnesium in cardiac arrhythmia after CABG surgery. METHODS: The clinical trial enrolled 250 patients who underwent CABG...
May 22, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544543/acute-toll-like-receptor-4-activation-impairs-rat-renal-microvascular-autoregulatory-behaviour
#19
Justin P Van Beusecum, Shali Zhang, Anthony K Cook, Edward W Inscho
AIM: Little is known about how toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) influences the renal microvasculature. We hypothesized that acute TLR4 stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) impairs afferent arteriole autoregulatory behaviour, partially through reactive oxygen species (ROS). METHODS: We assessed afferent arteriole autoregulatory behaviour after LPS treatment (1 mg kg(-1) ; i.p.) using the in vitro blood perfused juxtamedullary nephron preparation. Autoregulatory behaviour was assessed by measuring diameter responses to step-wise changes in renal perfusion pressure...
May 25, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544540/serum-adrenomedullin-and-urinary-thromboxane-b2-help-early-categorizing-acute-kidney-injury-in-de-compensated-cirrhotic-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Chih-Wei Liu, Chia-Chang Huang, Hung-Cheng Tsai, Yen-Bo Su, Shiang-Fen Huang, Kuei-Chuan Lee, Yun-Cheng Hsieh, Tzu-Hao Li, Chang-Youh Tsai, Lee-Won Chong, Shuo-Ming Ou, Ying-Ying Yang, Wen-Chien Fan, Ming-Chih Hou, Han-Chieh Lin, Shou-Dong Lee
AIMS: Increases in the systemic vasodilator adrenomedullin and the renal vasoconstrictors thromboxane A2 (TXA2 ) in cirrhotic patients are pathogenic factors for the development of functional acute-kidney-injury, including pre-renal azotemia (PRA) and hepatorenal syndrome (HRS), which is associated with high mortality. This study aims to find biomarkers which can diagnose HRS in early stage for treating it as soon as possible. METHODS: Acute decompensated cirrhotic patients who had been admitted to hospital were enrolled in this prospective cohort study...
May 20, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
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