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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933715/efficacy-of-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-versus-retrospective-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-improving-glycaemic-control-in-diabetic-kidney-disease-patients
#1
Ester Chai Kheng Yeoh, Boon Khim Lim, Sharon Fun, Julia Tong, Lee Ying Yeoh, Chee Fang Sum, Tavintharan Subramaniam, Su Chi Lim
AIMS: Patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) on anti-diabetic agents, are at greater risk of glycemic variations, both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. We aimed to compare glycemic control (using HbA1c) and hypoglycemia incidence in patients with Stage 3 DKD (eGFR 30-60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) ), receiving retrospective CGM-guided anti-diabetic therapy versus self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) over 3 months. METHODS: Thirty patients with HbA1c > 8% were randomized to 6-day retrospective CGM or SMBG...
December 9, 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933711/using-a-co-production-prioritization-exercise-involving-south-asian-children-young-people-and-their-families-to-identify-health-priorities-requiring-further-research-and-public-awareness
#2
Logan Manikam, Rakhee Shah, Kate Reed, Gupreet Santini, Monica Lakhanpaul
OBJECTIVES: To facilitate South Asian (SA) families and health-care professionals (HCPs) participation in a prioritization exercise to co-produce child health research and public awareness agendas. DESIGN: A three-stage process was adopted involving the following: (i) systematic literature review, (ii) HCP scoping survey and (iii) focus groups of SA adolescents and families. A Punjabi- and Urdu-speaking community facilitator moderated focus groups. A British Sign Language interpreter assisted in the hard of hearing group...
December 8, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933619/monocyte-mediated-activation-of-endothelial-cells-occurs-only-after-binding-to-extracellular-vesicles-from-red-blood-cell-products-a-process-mediated-by-%C3%AE-integrin
#3
Marleen Straat, Maike E van Hezel, Anita Böing, Anita Tuip-De Boer, Nina Weber, Rienk Nieuwland, Robin van Bruggen, Nicole P Juffermans
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion is associated with organ failure. The mechanism remains unknown, but may include adherence of blood cells to the microvasculature. We hypothesized that RBC-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) interact with monocytes to activate endothelial cells. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were incubated with supernatant from fresh and stored RBC units either containing EVs or depleted from EVs, with or without the addition of immune cells...
December 2016: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933513/effect-of-yiqi-tongyang-decoction-on-blood-t-cell-subsets-in-patients-with-chronic-immune-thrombocytopenia
#4
Xiu-Peng Yang, Rou Ma, Xiao-Hong Yang, Hui-Lan Zhu, Yong-Gang Xu
OBJECTIVE: To measure the proportions of blood T cell subsets, Th1, Th2, Th17, Th22, and Treg cells, and other parameters in patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenia (CITP) before and after treatment with Yiqi Tongyang Decoction (, YTD) to explore T cell status of patients with CITP, and to define the mechanism of action of YTD. METHODS: The changes in peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets, and those of Th1, Th2, Th17, Th22, and Treg cells in 30 patients with CITP (22 females and 8 males) were analyzed using multiparametric flow cytometry before and after treatment with YTD for 6 months, and 26 healthy volunteers (14 males and 12 females) acted as a control...
December 9, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933294/branched-chain-amino-acid-levels-are-related-with-surrogates-of-disturbed-lipid-metabolism-among-older-men
#5
Urho M Kujala, Markku Peltonen, Merja K Laine, Jaakko Kaprio, Olli J Heinonen, Jouko Sundvall, Johan G Eriksson, Antti Jula, Seppo Sarna, Heikki Kainulainen
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Existing studies suggest that decreased branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) catabolism and thus elevated levels in blood are associated with metabolic disturbances. Based on such information, we have developed a hypothesis how BCAA degradation mechanistically connects to tricarboxylic acid cycle, intramyocellular lipid storage, and oxidation, thus allowing more efficient mitochondrial energy production from lipids as well as providing better metabolic health. We analyzed whether data from aged Finnish men are in line with our mechanistic hypothesis linking BCAA catabolism and metabolic disturbances...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933177/anaemia-and-its-association-with-month-and-blood-phenotype-in-blood-donors-in-fako-division-cameroon
#6
Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti, Tayong Dizzle Bita Kwenti
BACKGROUND: Anaemia is one of the main factors in the deferral (disqualification) of blood donors following haematological screening. There is paucity of data on the prevalence of anaemia in blood donors in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of anaemia and its association with month and blood phenotype in blood donors in Fako division of Cameroon. METHODS: Blood donors were recruited between the 1st of January and 31st of December 2014, and their haemoglobin concentration (Hb) was determined using a haemoglobinometer...
2016: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933151/improving-asthma-care-in-a-pediatric-resident-clinic
#7
Julia Lee, Albina Gogo, Daniel Tancredi, Erik Fernandez Y Garcia, Ulfat Shaikh
There is variation in pediatric asthma management in the outpatient setting. Adherence to national asthma guidelines provides a systematic standardized approach to asthma management. There is a gap between usual and guideline-consistent asthma care in resident clinics. Practice improvement modules aimed at improving resident physician adherence to asthma care guidelines have not been consistently utilized and have not yet been studied. Our aim was to increase guideline consistent care in our pediatric resident clinic in a twelve-month period via increasing performance on the following measures to 75%: spirometry testing; influenza immunization recommendation; level of control assessed through the use of a standardized questionnaire; appropriate medications per national guideline; and use of written asthma action plans...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933105/prevalence-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-malaysian-communities
#8
Chiao Wen Lim, Sazzli Kasim, Johan Rizwal Ismail, Nicholas Yul Chye Chua, Rizmy Najme Khir, Hafisyatul Aiza Zainal Abidin, Effarezan Abdul Rahman, Mohd Kamal Mohd Arshad, Zubin Ibrahim Othman, Khalid Yusoff
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice. The REDISCOVER (Responding to Increasing Cardiovascular disease prevalence) study is an observational longitudinal community-based study that tracks changing lifestyles, risk factors and chronic disease in urban and rural areas of Malaysia. In this study, we aim to study the prevalence of AF and its associated risk factors. METHODS: The study was conducted between 2007 and 2014...
2016: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932897/effect-of-ovarian-endometrioma-on-uterine-and-ovarian-blood-flow-in-infertile-women
#9
Akmal El-Mazny, Ahmed Kamel, Wafaa Ramadan, Sherine Gad-Allah, Suzy Abdelaziz, Ahmed M Hussein
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis has been found to be among the most important factors in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. The formation of new blood vessels is critical for the survival of newly implanted endometriotic foci. The use of 3-D power Doppler allows for the demonstration of the dynamic vascular changes that occur during the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF). We aimed to evaluate the effect of ovarian endometrioma on uterine and ovarian blood flow in infertile women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a case-control study at a university teaching hospital, 138 women with unilateral ovarian endometrioma scheduled for IVF were compared to 138 women with male-factor or unexplained infertility...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932764/-effect-of-prolonged-propofol-infusion-on-myocardial-enzyme-mitochondrial-cytochrome-c-and-adenosine-%C3%A2-triphosphate-in-rabbits
#10
Guangmin Xu, Zhixun Lan, Xianxiang Tong
To explore the effect of long-time propofol infusion on myocardial enzymes, mitochondrial cytochrome C and ATP in rabbits. 
 Methods: A total of 18 New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups: a control group, a propofol group and an intralipid group. The rabbits were continuously infused with 0.9% normal saline in the control group, 1% propofol in the propofol group, and 10% intralipid in the intralipid group, respectivey. The arterial blood was collected at 0, 8, 16 h and the end of experiment to examine creatine kinase (CK) and creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB)...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932762/-correlations-between-lipid-ratio-oxidative-stress-status-in-copd-patients-and-pulmonary-hypertension-%C3%A2-as-well-as-prognosis
#11
Chunzhi Li, Li Yan, Jinwei Xu
To investigate the correlations between lipid ratio/oxidative stress status in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and pulmonary hypertension as well as the prognosis.
 Methods: A total of 120 patients with COPD were randomly selected and served as the COPD group and 30 healthy persons were selected as the control group. The ratios of low density lipoprotein (LDL)/high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglyceride (TG)/HDL and total cholesterol (TC)/HDL were measured. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) content and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) level in the control group and COPD patients were detected...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932675/the-effects-of-voluntary-exercise-and-prazosin-on-capillary-rarefaction-and-metabolism-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-male-rats
#12
Emily C Dunford, Erwan Leclair, Julian Aiken, Erin R Mandel, Tara L Haas, Olivier Birot, Michael C Riddell
Type-1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) causes impairments within the skeletal muscle microvasculature. Both regular exercise and prazosin have been shown to improve skeletal muscle capillarization and metabolism in healthy rats, through distinct angiogenic mechanisms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the independent and additive effects of voluntary exercise and prazosin treatment on capillary-to-fiber ratio (C:F) in streptozotocin (STZ)-treated diabetic rats. STZ (65mg/kg) was intraperitoneally administered to male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=36) to induce diabetes, with healthy, non-diabetic, sedentary rats (n=10) as controls...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932673/are-there-sex-differences-in-the-capillary-blood-volume-and-diffusing-capacity-response-to-exercise
#13
Melissa M Bouwsema, Vincent Tedjasaputra, Michael K Stickland
Previous work suggests that women may exhibit a greater respiratory limitation to exercise compared to height-matched men. Diffusion capacity (DLCO) increases with incremental exercise, and the smaller lungs of women may limit membrane diffusing capacity (Dm) and pulmonary capillary blood volume (Vc) in response to the increased oxygen demand. We hypothesized that females would have a lower DLCO, DLCO relative to cardiac output (DLCO/Q), Dm, Vc, and pulmonary transit time, secondary to lower Vc at peak exercise...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932619/ontogeny-of-cd4-t-lymphocytes-with-phenotypic-susceptibility-to-hiv-1-during-exclusive-and-non-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-hiv-1-exposed-ugandan-infants
#14
Elizabeth J McFarland, Tina M Powell, Carolyne Onyango-Makumbi, Weiming Zhang, Kelsey Melander, Prossy Naluyima, Samuel Okurut, Michael A Eller, Mary Glenn Fowler, Edward N Janoff
BACKGROUND: Among HIV-1-exposed infants, mixed breastfeeding is associated with higher postnatal HIV-1 transmission than exclusive breastfeeding, but the mechanisms of this differential risk are uncertain. METHODS: HIV-1-exposed, Ugandan infants were prospectively assessed over the first year of life for feeding practices and T cell maturation, intestinal homing (β7(hi)), activation, and HIV-1 co-receptor (CCR5) expression in peripheral blood. Infants receiving only breast milk and those with introduction of other foods prior to 6 months, categorized as exclusive and non-exclusive, respectively...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932570/effect-of-losartan-combined-with-amlodipine-or-with-a-thiazide-on-uric-acid-levels-in-hypertensive-patients
#15
Alberto F Rubio-Guerra, Ana K Garro-Almendaro, Cesar I Elizalde-Barrera, Juan A Suarez-Cuenca, Montserrat B Duran-Salgado
: Hyperuricemia leads to endothelial dysfunction and insulin resistance, and has been associated with diseases such as hypertension. Antihypertensive drugs modify serum uric acid levels, however, few data are available about their combinations on uricemia. In this study we evaluate the effect of two combinations of losartan, with amlodipine or with hydrochlorothiazide, on serum uric acid levels in hypertensive patients. METHODS: A total of 60 hypertensive patients were randomized in two groups; group LA received losartan/amlodipine (100/5 mg) once a day, whereas LH group received losartan hydrochlorothiazide (100/12...
December 8, 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932336/heat-stress-hydration-and-uric-acid-a-cross-sectional-study-in-workers-of-three-occupations-in-a-hotspot-of-mesoamerican-nephropathy-in-nicaragua
#16
Catharina Wesseling, Aurora Aragón, Marvin González, Ilana Weiss, Jason Glaser, Christopher J Rivard, Carlos Roncal-Jiménez, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Richard J Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To study Mesoamerican nephropathy (MeN) and its risk factors in three hot occupations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Chinandega and León municipalities, a MeN hotspot on the Nicaraguan Pacific coast, January-February 2013. PARTICIPANTS: 194 male workers aged 17-39 years: 86 sugarcane cutters, 56 construction workers, 52 small-scale farmers. OUTCOME MEASURES: (1) Differences between the three occupational groups in prevalences/levels of socioeconomic, occupational, lifestyle and health risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD) and in biomarkers of kidney function and hydration; (2) differences in prevalences/levels of CKD risk factors between workers with reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFRCKD-EPI <80 mL/min/1...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932286/imbalance-of-th17-and-treg-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-of-active-tuberculosis-patients
#17
Jie Luo, Mingxu Zhang, Baosong Yan, Kejun Zhang, Ming Chen, Shaoli Deng
OBJECTIVE: Maintaining a right balance between Th17 and Treg might be critical to the immunopathogenesis of active tuberculosis (TB). This study aimed to assess whether the Th17/Treg balance is altered in active TB patients. METHODS: 250 study subjects (90 active TB patients, 80 latent TB subjects, and 80 healthy controls) were recruited for the study. The expression of Th17 and Treg in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in the 250 subjects was investigated by flow cytometry...
December 5, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932249/toxicologic-effects-of-28-day-dietary-exposure-to-the-flame-retardant-1-2-dibromo-4-1-2-dibromoethyl-cyclohexane-tbech-in-fischer-rats
#18
Ivan H A Curran, Virginia Liston, Andrée Nunnikhoven, Don Caldwell, Matthew J S Scuby, Peter Pantazopoulos, Dorothea F K Rawn, Laurie Coady, Cheryl Armstrong, David E Lefebvre, Genevieve S Bondy
The brominated flame retardant TBECH is used as an additive to delay ignition and inhibit fires in construction materials and consumer goods. Trends in human exposure are not clear, although humans may be exposed to TBECH via indoor dust and air. In birds and fish there is some evidence of disruption in endocrine and reproductive parameters due to TBECH. In vitro studies indicate that TBECH is an androgen receptor agonist. In this study rats were exposed to 0, 10, 50, 250, 1250 or 5000mg/kg technical TBECH for 28days in diet, corresponding to 0, 0...
December 5, 2016: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932242/elevated-salivary-iga-decreased-anxiety-and-an-altered-oral-microbiota-are-associated-with-active-participation-on-an-undergraduate-athletic-team
#19
Ashley L Lamb, Debra E Hess, Sherie Edenborn, Elizabeth Ubinger, Andres E Carrillo, Pierette M Appasamy
BACKGROUND: Previous reports indicate that regular, but not excessive, exercise can moderate the response to anxiety and alter the immune response, therefore we hypothesized that college student athletes who were actively participating on an NCAA Division III athletics team ("in-season") would have lower levels of anxiety and higher salivary IgA levels than similar college athletes who were in their "off-season".NCAA Division III athletes participate in athletics at a level of intensity that is more moderate compared to other NCAA divisions...
December 5, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932128/liver-transplantation-results-by-donor-age
#20
A V Rabelo, M D Bastante, A M Raya, C S M Méndez, A R G Ramirez, Y F Suarez
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare liver transplantation outcomes as a function of donor age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed 212 liver transplantations between 2008 and 2014. We described a prospective cohort study and grouped the patients by liver donor age. We compared quantitative and categorical variables using statistical analysis. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were found among any graft age groups in gender (always more males), time on waiting list, age, height, Child Pugh Turcotte (CHILD) score, Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, need for intraoperative blood products, or intensive care unit stay...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
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