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"Sexual desire"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902711/eeg-to-primary-rewards-predictive-utility-and-malleability-by-brain-stimulation
#1
Nicole Prause, Greg J Siegle, Choi Deblieck, Allan Wu, Marco Iacoboni
Theta burst stimulation (TBS) is thought to affect reward processing mechanisms, which may increase and decrease reward sensitivity. To test the ability of TBS to modulate response to strong primary rewards, participants hypersensitive to primary rewards were recruited. Twenty men and women with at least two opposite-sex, sexual partners in the last year received two forms of TBS. Stimulations were randomized to avoid order effects and separated by 2 hours to reduce carryover. The two TBS forms have been demonstrated to inhibit (continuous) or excite (intermittent) the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex using different pulse patterns, which links to brain areas associated with reward conditioning...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892795/using-emotionally-focused-therapy-to-treat-sexual-desire-discrepancy-in-couples
#2
Abby Girard, Scott R Woolley
Couples in committed relationships encounter a multitude of issues. According to Metz and McCarthy (2010), when couples report high sexual satisfaction, it accounts for 15-20% of their overall relationship satisfaction. However, when couples report low sexual satisfaction, it contributes 50-70% of their overall satisfaction with their partner. Issues of sexual desire, currently referred to as sexual desire discrepancy, are among the most difficult to treat. Although there are many factors contributing to the issue of sexual desire discrepancy, current literature highlights the importance of emotional intimacy as an outcome and predictor of increased sexual desire...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891404/is-there-any-impact-of-copper-intrauterine-device-on-female-sexual-functioning
#3
Sezen Bozkurt Koseoglu, Ruya Deveer, Melike Nur Akin, Ali Sami Gurbuz, Burcu Kasap, Huri Guvey
INTRODUCTION: Intrauterine Device (IUD) is the most preferred modern contraceptive method in Turkey. Female Sexual Dysfunction (FSD) is defined as lack of one or more of the components in the sexual response cycle which includes sexual desire, impaired arousal and inability achieving an orgasm or pain with intercourse. FSD has multi-factorial aetiology. Advanced age and menopause, fatigue and stress, psychiatric and neurologic disease, childbirth, pelvic floor or bladder dysfunction, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, hypertension obesity, medication and substances, hormonal contraceptives, relationship factors are known risk factors for FSD...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876434/testosterone-estradiol-ratio-is-it-useful-in-the-diagnosis-of-erectile-dysfunction-and-low-sexual-desire
#4
A M Castelló-Porcar, J M Martínez-Jabaloyas
Erectile dysfunction and low sexual desire are multifactorial diseases. The decrease in testosterone levels is one of the causes, but the effect of estradiol is not well known. Moreover, study has shown that the testosterone/estradiol ratio has more influence over sexuality than does estradiol alone. The aim of the study was to determine whether the balance between testosterone and estradiol has any relation to some aspects of sexual function. It was an ambispective study of 230 patients with urological problems unrelated to sexuality...
November 23, 2016: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875946/the-role-of-sexual-dysfunction-and-infertility-on-reproductive-health-in-diabetics-pathogenesis-evaluation-and-management
#5
Jason Gandhi, Gautam Dagur, Kelly Warren, Noel Smith, Sardar Ali Khan
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled or long-term diabetes mellitus is conducive to vascular and oxidative stress disturbances that impede several physiological systems, which may in turn elicit psychological symptoms. OBJECTIVE: We assess the sexual and hormonal complications of diabetes mellitus that impair reproductive function in males and females. METHOD: A comprehensive MEDLINE® search was guided using key words relevant to diabetes mellitus and reproductive health...
November 22, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872029/association-between-infertility-and-sexual-dysfunction-in-men-and-women
#6
REVIEW
Michael H Berger, Marisa Messore, Alexander W Pastuszak, Ranjith Ramasamy
INTRODUCTION: The relation between infertility and sexual dysfunction can be reciprocal. Causes of sexual dysfunction that affect fertility include erectile dysfunction, Peyronie's disease (abnormal penile curvature), low libido, ejaculatory disorders in men, and genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder (GPPPD) and low sexual desire in women. AIM: To review the association between infertility and sexual dysfunction and discuss current management strategies to address sexual disorders in couples with infertility...
October 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872027/how-the-emotional-motor-system-controls-the-pelvic-organs
#7
REVIEW
Gert Holstege
INTRODUCTION: The brain has two goals: survival of the individual and survival of the species. It ensures that the body resides in safe circumstances and can obtain sufficient drink and food. It also has to produce and protect offspring. Its most important tool is its motor system, which consists of the voluntary and emotional motor systems. AIM: To explain how the brain uses its emotional motor system to control the pelvic organs. METHODS: Anatomic and physiologic data in cats and humans are used to find out how this motor system works and what parts of the brain and brainstem are involved...
October 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872021/hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-a-review-of-epidemiology-biopsychology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Sharon J Parish, Steven R Hahn
INTRODUCTION: Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Revised (DSM-IV-TR) as persistent deficient sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity that causes marked distress or interpersonal difficulty. In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), HSDD has been subsumed by Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder. However, decades of research based on DSM-IV-TR HSDD criteria form the foundation of our understanding of the essential symptom of distressing low sexual desire, its epidemiology, clinical management, and treatment...
April 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871953/prevalence-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-among-premenopausal-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#9
REVIEW
Megan E McCool, Andrea Zuelke, Melissa A Theurich, Helge Knuettel, Cristian Ricci, Christian Apfelbacher
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiologic research in female sexual dysfunction (FSD) has gained momentum in recent years, particularly in clinical populations and in menopausal women. However, sexual dysfunction also affects premenopausal women in general populations. Previous literature reviews have been unable to quantify the burden of FSD in general populations. This has been due in part to different definitions of dysfunction, heterogeneous study design, and the wide variety of measurement tools used...
July 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863600/herbal-medicine-for-low-sexual-desire-in-menopausal-women-a-clinical-review
#10
REVIEW
Janice Pellow, Linda McGrath
Many women typically experience a significant reduction in sexual desire during the late perimenopausal and early postmenopausal stages, with the biggest decline in sexual desire occurring from three years prior to two years after the final menstrual period. Despite being a prevalent female complaint, currently no standard treatment for low sexual desire exists. Herbal medicines have been used therapeutically all around the world, and are an important component of Traditional and Complementary Medicine. There have been numerous trials and pharmacological studies of specific herbal preparations related to the treatment of low sexual desire...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863525/sexual-dysfunction-among-youth-an-overlooked-sexual-health-concern
#11
Caroline Moreau, Anna E Kågesten, Robert Wm Blum
BACKGROUND: There is growing recognition that youth sexual health entails a broad range of physical, emotional and psychosocial responses to sexual interactions, yet little is known about sexual dysfunctions and well being in youth populations. This study explored sexual dysfunctions among youth and its associations with other domains of sexual health. Sexual dysfunctions were defined as: problems related to orgasm, pain during intercourse, lack of sexual desire or sexual pleasure. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2010 French national sexual and reproductive health survey comprising a random sample of 2309 respondents aged 15-24 years...
November 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858170/flibanserin-and-its-discontents
#12
REVIEW
Awais Aftab, Cheryl Chen, Jacob McBride
In August 2015, flibanserin (brand name Addyi) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of acquired, generalized hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in premenopausal women. This article summarizes and promotes discussion regarding the numerous controversies that have enclosed flibanserin since the very beginning. This includes questions related to flibanserin's safety and efficacy and the validity of the clinical trials. Also included are philosophical considerations surrounding the diagnosis of hypoactive sexual desire disorder and pharmacological treatment of low libido...
November 17, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843072/toward-a-more-evidence-based-nosology-and-nomenclature-for-female-sexual-dysfunctions-part-ii
#13
Sharon J Parish, Andrew T Goldstein, Sue W Goldstein, Irwin Goldstein, James Pfaus, Anita H Clayton, Annamaria Giraldi, James A Simon, Stanley E Althof, Gloria Bachmann, Barry Komisaruk, Roy Levin, Susan Kellogg Spadt, Sheryl A Kingsberg, Michael A Perelman, Marcel D Waldinger, Beverly Whipple
INTRODUCTION: Current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) definitions of sexual dysfunction do not identify all sexual problems experienced clinically by women and are not necessarily applicable for biologic or biopsychosocial management of female sexual dysfunction. A unified nomenclature system enables clinicians, researchers, and regulatory agencies to use the same language and criteria for determining clinical end points, assessing research results, and managing patients...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829940/cross-sectional-study-of-male-sexual-function-in-bariatric-patients
#14
Michał R Janik, Ilona Bielecka, Andrzej Kwiatkowski, Piotr E Janik, Thomas Drazba, Jan Bujok, Edward Stanowski, Krzysztof Paśnik
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is associated with numerous comorbidities and affects various aspects of life, including sexual functioning. Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for obese people. Male sexual function after bariatric surgery is not well known. AIM: To compare male sexual function and sexual quality of life after surgical weight loss with controls seeking bariatric surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: International Index of Erectile Function and Sexual Quality of Life-Male (SQoL-M) questionnaires were administered by e-mail to 152 men who had undergone weight-loss surgery...
2016: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829454/prolactin-related-symptoms-during-risperidone-maintenance-treatment-results-from-a-prospective-multicenter-study-of-schizophrenia
#15
Qijing Bo, Fang Dong, Xianbin Li, Zhimin Wang, Xin Ma, Chuanyue Wang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate prolactin related symptoms (PRS) in individuals with schizophrenia during risperidone maintenance treatment for one year, as well as to identify the risk factors for PRS. METHODS: In a multicenter, randomized, controlled, longitudinal study, clinically stabilized schizophrenia patients (N = 374) were randomized to a no-dose-reduction group (N = 129) and 4-week (N = 125) and 26-week (N = 120) reduction groups, in which the original dose was followed by a 50 % reduction over 8 weeks and subsequently maintained...
November 9, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824686/hypoactive-sexual-desire-dysfunction-in-community-dwelling-older-women
#16
Berihun M Zeleke, Robin J Bell, Baki Billah, Susan R Davis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of hypoactive sexual desire dysfunction (HSDD) and its associated factors in women aged 65 to 79 years. METHODS: A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study was conducted amongst community-dwelling older women. Participants were recruited between April and August 2014 from a national database based on electoral rolls. Sexual function and sexual distress were assessed by the Female Sexual Function Index and the Female Sexual Distress Scale-Revised, respectively...
November 7, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823751/female-sexual-dysfunction-fsd-prevalence-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-qol
#17
REVIEW
Prof Rossella E Nappi, Laura Cucinella, Silvia Martella, Margherita Rossi, Lara Tiranini, Ellis Martini
Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) and quality of life (QOL) are both multidimensional and have a bidirectional relationship across the reproductive life span and beyond. Methodological difficulties exist in estimating the real prevalence of FSD because it is hard to determine the level of distress associated with sexual symptoms in a large-scale survey. Approximately 40-50% of all women report at least one sexual symptom, and some conditions associated with hormonal changes at menopause, such as vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) and hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD), have a significant impact on sexual function and QOL...
December 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802244/sexual-preoccupation-behavior-in%C3%A2-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Gila Bronner, Sharon Hassin-Baer, Tanya Gurevich
People with Parkinson's disease (PD) present with problematic sexual behaviors that are often misunderstood or ignored. Sexual problems in PD are part of a non-motor syndrome, and they play a  prominent role in the life of affected individuals and their partners. Based on our considerable clinical experience, we describe four common types of sexual preoccupation behaviors in people with PD: (1) sexual behavior with underlying sexual dysfunction, (2) sexual desire discrepancy with partner after restored desire, (3) hypersexuality and compulsive sexual behavior, and (4) sexual behavior with underlying restless genital syndrome...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799078/determinants-of-female-sexual-orgasms
#19
Osmo Kontula, Anneli Miettinen
BACKGROUND: The pursuit of sexual pleasure is a key motivating factor in sexual activity. Many things can stand in the way of sexual orgasms and enjoyment, particularly among women. These are essential issues of sexual well-being and gender equality. OBJECTIVE: This study presents long-term trends and determinants of female orgasms in Finland. The aim is to analyze the roles of factors such as the personal importance of orgasms, sexual desire, masturbation, clitoral and vaginal stimulation, sexual self-esteem, communication with partner, and partner's sexual techniques...
2016: Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785907/associations-between-cognitive-impairment-and-patient-reported-measures-of-physical-mental-functioning-in-older-people-living-with-hiv
#20
J Underwood, D De Francesco, F A Post, J H Vera, I Williams, M Boffito, P W Mallon, J Anderson, M Sachikonye, C Sabin, A Winston
OBJECTIVES: While cognitive impairment is frequently reported in HIV-positive individuals and has historically been associated with poorer functional outcomes, the associations between cognitive impairment and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in contemporary cohorts are unclear. METHODS: We tested cognitive function using a computerized battery (CogState(™) ) in 290 HIV-positive and 97 HIV-negative individuals aged ≥ 50 years participating in the Pharmacokinetic and Clinical Observations in People Over Fifty (POPPY) study...
October 26, 2016: HIV Medicine
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