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Influenza vaccine 2016-2017

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616677/influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-in-an-italian-elderly-population-during-the-2016-2017-season
#1
Francesca Valent, Tolinda Gallo
Interim analyses of the 2016-17 influenza vaccine effectiveness showed variable results depending on timing of the analysis and geographical setting. We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study based on the analysis of health-related administrative data to assess the effectiveness of the 2016-17 influenza vaccine among the elderly population of a north-eastern Italian area. Data on 64854 subjects ≥65 years of age were analyzed up to April 30, 2017. The influenza vaccine was administered to 53% of the elderly population...
January 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609855/influenza-vaccine-availability-at-urgent-care-centers-in-the-state-of-arizona
#2
Norman L Beatty, Kelly M Hager, Kyle R McKeown, Francisco Mora, Kathryn R Matthias, David E Nix, Mayar Al Mohajer
We surveyed urgent care centers (UCCs) in the state of Arizona to determine whether they offered the influenza vaccine during the 2016-2017 influenza season. Overall vaccine availability was 80.3% at these facilities. During this season, one-third of the UCCs offered influenza vaccination to children 6 months or older; approximately two-thirds offered influenza vaccination to children and young adults 16 years or older. This is the first study of influenza vaccine availability at UCCs.
March 30, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588875/incidence-prediction-for-the-2017-2018-influenza-season-in-the-united-states-with-an-evolution-informed-model
#3
Xiangjun Du, Mercedes Pascual
Introduction: Seasonal influenza is responsible for a high disease burden in the United States and worldwide. Predicting outbreak size in advance can contribute to the timely control of seasonal influenza by informing health care and vaccination planning. Methods: Recently, a process-based model was developed for forecasting incidence dynamics ahead of the season, with the approach validated by several statistical criteria, including an accurate real-time prediction for the past 2016-2017 influenza season before it started...
January 17, 2018: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580638/the-effectiveness-of-influenza-vaccination-among-nursery-school-children-in-china-during-the-2016-17-influenza-season
#4
Yin Wang, Liling Chen, Jia Yu, Yuanyuan Pang, Jun Zhang, Tao Zhang, Genming Zhao
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of influenza vaccine among nursery school children has not been systematically studied. We conducted a cohort study of children from 13 nursery schools in Suzhou, China, to estimate the effectiveness of influenza vaccine against laboratory-confirmed influenza during 2016-17. METHODS: Children aged 36-72 months were chosen from 13 nursery schools from 3 District in Suzhou. The surveillance started 2 weeks after vaccination during October 2016-February 2017...
March 23, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576305/a-bibliometric-analysis-of-systematic-reviews-on-vaccines-and-immunisation
#5
REVIEW
Silke Fernandes, Mark Jit, Fiammetta Bozzani, Ulla K Griffiths, J Anthony G Scott, Helen E D Burchett
INTRODUCTION: SYSVAC is an online bibliographic database of systematic reviews and systematic review protocols on vaccines and immunisation compiled by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and hosted by the World Health Organization (WHO) through their National Immunization Technical Advisory Groups (NITAG) resource centre (www.nitag-resource.org). Here the development of the database and a bibliometric review of its content is presented, describing trends in the publication of policy-relevant systematic reviews on vaccines and immunisation from 2008 to 2016...
March 22, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572291/impact-of-temporary-methotrexate-discontinuation-for-2-weeks-on-immunogenicity-of-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#6
Jin Kyun Park, Yun Jong Lee, Kichul Shin, You-Jung Ha, Eun Young Lee, Yeong Wook Song, Yunhee Choi, Kevin L Winthrop, Eun Bong Lee
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a 2-week methotrexate (MTX) discontinuation after vaccination improves the efficacy of seasonal influenza vaccination in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: In this prospective randomised parallel-group multicentre study, patients with RA on stable dose of MTX were randomly assigned at a ratio of 1:1 to continue MTX or to hold MTX for 2 weeks after 2016-2017 quadrivalent seasonal influenza vaccine containing H1N1, H3N2, B-Yamagata and B-Victoria...
March 23, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551340/offering-the-influenza-vaccine-in-a-pediatric-hand-surgery-clinic-increases-vaccination-rates
#7
Richard L Hutchison, Janet O'Rear, Cindy Olson-Burgess, Angela L Myers
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of providing immediate access to the influenza vaccination for patients seen in a pediatric hand surgery clinic. Our hypothesis was that providing access would increase the rate of vaccination. METHODS: This pilot study was a randomized, controlled, prospective clinical trial that included all patients seen by a single surgeon, on a single day each week, in a hospital-based pediatric hand surgery practice clinic from October 18, 2016, to March 14, 2017...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511175/low-population-serum-microneutralization-antibody-titer-against-the-predominating-influenza-a-h3n2-n121k-virus-during-the-severe-influenza-summer-peak-of-hong-kong-in-2017
#8
Houshun Zhu, Andrew C Y Lee, Can Li, Winger W N Mak, Yetta Y Chen, Kwok-Hung Chan, Anna J X Zhang, Wai-Fong Fung, Rui-Qi Zhang, Yim-Fong Fung, Rosana W S Poon, Joy-Yan Lam, Sidney Tam, Ivan F N Hung, Honglin Chen, Kwok-Yung Yuen, Kelvin K W To
The 2017 Hong Kong influenza A(H3N2) summer season was unexpectedly severe. However, antigenic characterization of the 2017 circulating A(H3N2) viruses using ferret antisera did not show significant antigenic drift. We analyzed the hemagglutinin amino acid sequences of A(H3N2) virus circulating in Hong Kong in 2017, and found that viruses with hemagglutinin N121K substitution, which was rare before 2017, emerged rapidly and dominated in 2017 (52.4% of A[H3N2] virus in 2017 contains N121K substitution). Microneutralization assay using archived human sera collected from mid-2017 showed that the geometric mean microneutralization titer was 3...
March 6, 2018: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479277/intranasal-influenza-vaccine-why-does-canada-have-different-recommendations-from-the-usa-on-its-use
#9
Theresa W S Tam
Canada and the USA differ in their recommendations for the use of live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV). The Canadian National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) continues to recommend LAIV as one of the influenza vaccines available for use in children 2 to 17 years of age. The US Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) made an interim recommendation against the use of LAIV for the 2016 to 2017 influenza season in response to low LAIV effectiveness observed in the USA during the 2013 to 2014 to 2015 to 2016 seasons...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474258/etiology-of-acute-otitis-media-and-characterization-of-pneumococcal-isolates-after-introduction-of-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-japanese-children
#10
Kimiko Ubukata, Miyuki Morozumi, Megumi Sakuma, Misako Takata, Eriko Mokuno, Takeshi Tajima, Satoshi Iwata
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is a leading cause of childhood morbidity and antibiotic prescriptions. We examined etiologic changes in AOM after introduction of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine as routine immunization for Japanese children in 2014. Serotypes, resistance genotypes, antibiotic susceptibilities, and multilocus sequence typing of pneumococcal isolates were also characterized. METHODS: Otolaryngologists prospectively collected middle ear fluid from 582 children by tympanocentesis or sampling through a spontaneously ruptured tympanic membrane between June 2016 and January 2017...
February 22, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470113/local-level-adult-influenza-and-pneumococcal-vaccination-disparities-chicago-illinois-2015-2016
#11
Michelle M Hughes, Nazia S Saiyed, Tiffany S Chen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate local-level adult influenza and pneumococcal vaccination disparities to inform targeted interventions. METHODS: Questions on influenza and pneumococcal vaccination uptake were included in a door-to-door community-based representative survey conducted in 10 Chicago, Illinois, neighborhoods in 2015 and 2016. A total of 1543 adults completed the survey, including 172 adults aged 65 years or older. We calculated adult influenza (≥ 18 years) and pneumococcal (≥ 65 years) vaccination coverage by community area and respondent characteristics...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432091/influenza-a-h7n9-virus-antibody-responses-in-survivors-1-year-after-infection-china-2017
#12
Mai-Juan Ma, Cheng Liu, Meng-Na Wu, Teng Zhao, Guo-Lin Wang, Yang Yang, Hong-Jing Gu, Peng-Wei Cui, Yuan-Yuan Pang, Ya-Yun Tan, Hui Hang, Bao Lin, Jiang-Chun Qin, Li-Qun Fang, Wu-Chun Cao, Li-Ling Cheng
Avian influenza A(H7N9) virus has caused 5 epidemic waves in China since its emergence in 2013. We investigated the dynamic changes of antibody response to this virus over 1 year postinfection in 25 patients in Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, China, who had laboratory-confirmed infections during the fifth epidemic wave, Oct 1, 2016-February 14, 2017. Most survivors had relatively robust antibody responses that decreased but remained detectable at 1 year. Antibody response was variable; several survivors had low or undetectable antibody titers...
April 17, 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408438/vaccination-of-healthcare-workers-against-influenza-does-a-day-off-make-a-difference
#13
Helena C Maltezou, Olympia Christophilea, Anastasia Tedoma, Panos Katerelos, George Dounias
We present the results of the actions undertaken in order to increase influenza vaccine uptake by healthcare workers (HCWs) in Greece during the 2016-2017 influenza season. Influenza vaccination among HCWs increased from 10.9% in acute care hospitals and 24.3% in primary healthcare centers during 2015-2016 to 18% in acute care hospitals and 34.6% in primary healthcare centers during 2016-2017. We found that vaccination within the healthcare facility and use of reward systems were statistically significantly associated with increased vaccination rates...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388197/vaccines-for-preventing-influenza-in-the-elderly
#14
REVIEW
Vittorio Demicheli, Tom Jefferson, Carlo Di Pietrantonj, Eliana Ferroni, Sarah Thorning, Roger E Thomas, Alessandro Rivetti
BACKGROUND: The consequences of influenza in the elderly (those age 65 years or older) are complications, hospitalisations, and death. The primary goal of influenza vaccination in the elderly is to reduce the risk of death among people who are most vulnerable. This is an update of a review published in 2010. Future updates of this review will be made only when new trials or vaccines become available. Observational data included in previous versions of the review have been retained for historical reasons but have not been updated because of their lack of influence on the review conclusions...
February 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388196/vaccines-for-preventing-influenza-in-healthy-adults
#15
REVIEW
Vittorio Demicheli, Tom Jefferson, Eliana Ferroni, Alessandro Rivetti, Carlo Di Pietrantonj
BACKGROUND: The consequences of influenza in adults are mainly time off work. Vaccination of pregnant women is recommended internationally. This is an update of a review published in 2014. Future updates of this review will be made only when new trials or vaccines become available. Observational data included in previous versions of the review have been retained for historical reasons but have not been updated due to their lack of influence on the review conclusions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (efficacy, effectiveness, and harm) of vaccines against influenza in healthy adults, including pregnant women...
February 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388195/vaccines-for-preventing-influenza-in-healthy-children
#16
REVIEW
Tom Jefferson, Alessandro Rivetti, Carlo Di Pietrantonj, Vittorio Demicheli
BACKGROUND: The consequences of influenza in children and adults are mainly absenteeism from school and work. However, the risk of complications is greatest in children and people over 65 years of age. This is an update of a review published in 2011. Future updates of this review will be made only when new trials or vaccines become available. Observational data included in previous versions of the review have been retained for historical reasons but have not been updated because of their lack of influence on the review conclusions...
February 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381077/brief-report-department-of-defense-global-laboratory-based-influenza-surveillance-program-s-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-estimates-and-surveillance-trends-for-2016-2017-influenza-season
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362167/the-cost-of-interventions-to-increase-influenza-vaccination-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Laura J Anderson, Paul Shekelle, Emmett Keeler, Lori Uscher-Pines, Roberta Shanman, Sally Morton, Gursel Aliyev, Teryl K Nuckols
CONTEXT: Influenza vaccination rates remain below Healthy People 2020 goals. This project sought to systematically review economic evaluations of healthcare-based quality improvement interventions for improving influenza vaccination uptake among general populations and healthcare workers. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The databases MEDLINE, Econlit, Centre for Reviews & Dissemination, Greylit, and Worldcat were searched in July 2016 for papers published from January 2004 to July 2016...
February 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346614/influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-against-influenza-a-h3n2-hospitalizations-in-children-in-hong-kong-in-a-prolonged-season-2016-2017
#19
Susan S Chiu, Mike Y W Kwan, Shuo Feng, Joshua S C Wong, Chi-Wai Leung, Eunice L Y Chan, Kwok-Hung Chan, Tak-Keung Ng, Wing-Kin To, Benjamin J Cowling, J S Malik Peiris
Background: Influenza A(H3N2) viruses circulated for 12 consecutive months in Hong Kong in 2016-2017, peaking in late June and July 2017. The objective of our study was to estimate the effectiveness of influenza vaccination in preventing hospitalizations in children in Hong Kong. Methods: We conducted a test-negative study between 1 September 2016 and 31 August 2017, enrolling children 6 months to 17 years of age hospitalized for an acute respiratory infection. Influenza was diagnosed by PCR on nasopharyngeal aspirates...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303959/influenza-vaccination-rates-among-parents-and-health-care-personnel-in-a-german-neonatology-department
#20
Horst Buxmann, Anne Daun, Sabine Wicker, Rolf Lambert Schlößer
The influenza vaccination is recommended for all German pregnant women and health care personnel (HCP). We are the first to publish vaccination rates of mothers of hospitalized newborns and HCP in neonatal units. Between September 2016 and March 2017, data were collected in our level-III neonatology department in this descriptive multidisciplinary study, using an anonymous questionnaire. As a result, 513 persons were asked to participate, including 330 parents and 183 HCP. We received an 80.3% (412/513) response rate, 87...
January 5, 2018: Vaccines
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