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Balaraman Ekambaram, Manoj K Sahoo, Garima Jaiswal, Jagannath Rana
We report here for the first time the catalytic oxidative dehydrogenation of N-heterocycles by a visible-light organo-photoredox catalyst with low catalyst loading (0.1 - 1 mol%). The reaction proceeds efficiently under base- and additive-free conditions with ambient air at room temperature. The utility of this benign approach is demonstrated by the synthesis of various pharmaceutically relevant N-heteroarenes such as quinoline, quinoxaline, quinazoline, acridine, and indole.
August 14, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Yan-Hua Fan, Wei Li, Dan-Dan Liu, Meng-Xuan Bai, Hong-Rui Song, Yong-Nan Xu, SangKook Lee, Zhi-Peng Zhou, Jian Wang, Huai-Wei Ding
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is a pivotal regulator of intracellular signaling pathways and considered as a promising target in the development of a therapeutic treatment of cancer. Among the different PI3K subtypes, the PIK3CA gene encoding PI3K p110α is frequently mutated and overexpressed in majority of human cancers. Therefore, the inhibition of PI3Kα has been considered to be an efficient approach for the treatment of cancer. In this study, two series compounds containing hydrophilic group in imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine and quinazolin-4(3H)-one were synthesized and their antiproliferative activities against five cancer cell lines, including HCT-116, SK-HEP-1, MDA-MB-231, SNU638 and A549, were evaluated...
August 1, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Hatem A Abuelizz, Anouar El Hassane, Mohamed Marzouk, Essam Ezzeldin, Azza A Ali, Rashad Al-Salahi
AIM: 16 thioxoquinazolines were evaluated in vivo for anti-inflammatory activity using carrageenan-induced paw edema assay. RESULTS: In particular, out of the targets (1-16), compounds 4 and 6 displayed the highest anti-inflammatory activity (≥80%) and furtherly tested against complete Freund's adjuvant-induced arthritic rats. Significant reduction in the serum level of IL-1β, COX-2 and prostaglandin E2 in the complete Freund's adjuvant rats is demonstrated by compounds 4 and 6...
August 9, 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
Mei Zeng, Jia Lu, Lianbo Li, Frederic Feru, Chunshan Quan, Thomas W Gero, Scott B Ficarro, Yuan Xiong, Chiara Ambrogio, Raymond M Paranal, Marco Catalano, Jay Shao, Kwok-Kin Wong, Jarrod A Marto, Eric S Fischer, Pasi A Jänne, David A Scott, Kenneth D Westover, Nathanael S Gray
Targeted covalent small molecules have shown promise for cancers driven by KRAS G12C. Allosteric compounds that access an inducible pocket formed by movement of a dynamic structural element in KRAS, switch II, have been reported, but these compounds require further optimization to enable their advancement into clinical development. We demonstrate that covalent quinazoline-based switch II pocket (SIIP) compounds effectively suppress GTP loading of KRAS G12C, MAPK phosphorylation, and the growth of cancer cells harboring G12C...
July 27, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
Jia Lu, Rane A Harrison, Lianbo Li, Mei Zeng, Sudershan Gondi, David Scott, Nathanael S Gray, John R Engen, Kenneth D Westover
KRAS G12C, the most common RAS mutation found in non-small-cell lung cancer, has been the subject of multiple recent covalent small-molecule inhibitor campaigns including efforts directed at the guanine nucleotide pocket and separate work focused on an inducible pocket adjacent to the switch motifs. Multiple conformations of switch II have been observed, suggesting that switch II pocket (SIIP) binders may be capable of engaging a range of KRAS conformations. Here we report the use of hydrogen/deuterium-exchange mass spectrometry (HDX MS) to discriminate between conformations of switch II induced by two chemical classes of SIIP binders...
July 25, 2017: Structure
Zheng Cao, Shahriar Koochekpour, Stephen E Strup, Natasha Kyprianou
Dysregulation of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis has been linked to reactive stroma dynamics in prostate cancer progression. IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP3) induction is initiated by stroma remodeling and could represent a potential therapeutic target for prostate cancer. In previous studies a lead quinazoline-based Doxazosin® derivative, DZ-50, impaired prostate tumor growth by targeting proteins involved in focal adhesion, anoikis resistance and epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT)...
July 28, 2017: Oncotarget
Maria V Papadopoulou, William D Bloomer, Howard S Rosenzweig, Marcel Kaiser
A limited number of novel 3-nitrotriazole- and 2-nitroimidazole-linked quinolines and quinazolines were synthesized and screened for in vitro antitrypanosomal and antitubercular activities as well as cytotoxicity in normal cells. All compounds were active against T. cruzi amastigotes, while all but one were active or moderately active against T. b. rhodesiense. However, only two chloroquinolines exhibited satisfactory selectivity indices (SI) against T. cruzi and only one of them demonstrated a satisfactory SI against T...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Pei Xu, Fei Wang, Tian-Qi Wei, Ling Yin, Shun-Yi Wang, Shun-Jun Ji
A Pd-catalyzed insertion and cycloaddition of CO2 and isocyanide into 2-iodoanilines under atmospheric pressure has been developed and affords quinazoline-2,4(1H,3H)-diones through the formation of new C-C, C-O, and C-N bonds under mild conditions. This reaction provides a new and practical method not only for the construction of quinazoline-2,4(1H,3H)-diones but also for the efficient utilization of carbon dioxide.
August 1, 2017: Organic Letters
Guo-Hai Zhang, Jing-Mei Yuan, Gang Qian, Chen-Xi Gu, Kai Wei, Dong-Liang Mo, Jiang-Ke Qin, Yan Peng, Zu-Ping Zhou, Cheng-Xue Pan, Gui-Fa Su
p53 inactivation is a clinically defined characteristic for cancer treatment-nonresponsiveness. It is therefore highly desirable to develop anticancer agents by restoring p53 function.1 Herein the synthesized phthalazino[1,2-b]quinazolinones were discovered as p53 activators in bladder cancer cells. 10-Bromo-5-(2-dimethylamino-ethylamino)phthalazino[1,2-b]quinazolin-8-one (5da) was identified as the most promising candidate in view of both its anticancer activity and mechanisms of action. 5da exhibited strong anticancer activity on a broad range of cancer cell lines and significantly reduced tumor growth in xenograft models at doses as low as 6 mg/kg...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Wong Phakhodee, Sirilak Wangngae, Mookda Pattarawarapan
Readily available N-substituted amides or their requisite carboxylic acids or acid chlorides have been used to construct 2,3-disubstituted-3H-quinazolin-4-ones in a one-pot procedure. Key transformation in this convergent approach involves Ph3P-I2-mediated formation of amidine upon condensation of an amide or the intermediate amide with methyl anthranilate. Cyclization of the amidine-tethered anthranilate then affords 2,3-disubstituted-3H-quinazolin-4-ones in good to excellent yields under mild conditions.
July 19, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Mohamed K Ibrahim, Ibrahim H Eissa, Mohamed S Alesawy, Ahmed M Metwaly, Mohamed M Radwan, Mahmoud A ElSohly
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and sulfonylurea receptor (SUR) play crucial roles in management of type-2 diabetes mellitus. In this study, a series of novel quinazoline-4(3H)-one-sulfonylurea hybrids were designed and synthesized as dual PPARγ and SUR agonists. The synthesized compounds were evaluated for their in vivo anti-hyperglycemic activities against STZ-induced hyperglycemic rats. Four compounds (19a, 19d, 19f and 25g) demonstrated potent activities with reduction in blood glucose levels of 40...
July 8, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Adel S El-Azab, Abdullah Al-Dhfyan, Alaa A-M Abdel-Aziz, Laila A Abou-Zeid, Hamad M Alkahtani, Abdulrahman M Al-Obaid, Manal A Al-Gendy
A new series of quinazolinone compounds 16-34 incorporating isatin moieties was synthesized. The antitumor efficacy of the compounds against MDA-MB-231, a breast cancer cell line, and LOVO, a colon cancer cell line, was assessed. Compounds 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, and 34 displayed potent antitumor activity against MDA-MB-231 and LOVO cells (IC50: 10.38-38.67 μM and 9.91-15.77 μM, respectively); the comparative IC50 values for 5-fluorouracil and erlotinib in these cells lines were 70...
December 2017: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Jin Chang, Hongyu Ren, Mingxia Zhao, Yan Chong, Wenwen Zhao, Yong He, Yunling Zhao, Huabei Zhang, Chuanmin Qi
4-anilinoquinazoline-based derivatives represent an attractive scaffold for small molecular EGFR-TKIs in the field of medicinal chemistry. A series of novel heterocyclic substituted derivatives have been designed, synthesized and evaluated their antitumor bioactivities as potential EGFR-TKIs. Most of the new compounds exhibited certain efficient inhibition potency for proliferation of a panel of five human cancer cells with IC50 values at the low micromolar level, and some of them possessed good broad-spectrum inhibition activities, compared to Gefitinib...
July 4, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Mani Ramanathan, Shiuh-Tzung Liu
A (2+2+2) modular synthesis of multisubstituted quinazolines has been realized by the direct reaction of aryldiazonium salts with two equivalent of nitriles. Reaction of aryldiazonium salt with a nitrile provides the initial formation of a reactive nitrilium ion, which is attacked by another molecule of nitrile followed by electrophilic cyclization to deliver the desired product. Notable flexibility in the substitution patterns, readily available substrates, short reaction time, transition metal-free, and gram-scale synthesis are the advantages of this method...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Sashi Kant, Shailendra Asthana, Dominique Missiakas, Vijay Pancholi
Ser/Thr protein kinase (STK1) plays a critical role in cell wall biosynthesis of and drug resistance in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). MRSA strains lacking STK1 become susceptible to failing cephalosporins, such as Ceftriaxone and Cefotaxime. STK1, despite being nonessential protein for MRSA survival, it can serve as an important therapeutic agent for combination therapy. Here, we report a novel small molecule quinazoline compound, Inh2-B1, which specifically inhibits STK1 activity by directly binding to its ATP-binding catalytic domain...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yu-Chang Liu, Reng-Hong Wu, Wei-Shu Wang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of regorafenib on the nuclear factor κ-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF)-κB-modulated expression of angiogenesis- and metastasis-associated proteins and cell invasion in human hepatocellular carcinoma SK-Hep1 cells. The SK-Hep1 cells were treated with different concentrations of NF-κB inhibitor 4-N-[2-(4-phenoxyphenyl) ethyl] quinazoline-4,6-diamine (QNZ) or regorafenib for 24 or 48 h. The effects of QNZ and regorafenib on cell viability, NF-κB activation, expression and secretion levels of angiogenesis- and metastasis-associated proteins and cell invasion were evaluated with MTT assays, western blotting, ELISA, gelatin zymography and cell invasion assays...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
Martin Hulla, Sami M A Chamam, Gabor Laurenczy, Shoubhik Das, Paul J Dyson
Ionic liquids (ILs) are versatile solvents and catalysts for the synthesis of quinazoline-2,4-dione from 2-aminobenzonitrile and CO2 . However, the role of the IL in this reaction is poorly understood. Consequently, we investigated this reaction and showed that the IL cation does not play a significant role in the activation of the substrates, and instead plays a secondary role in controlling the physical properties of the IL. A linear relationship between the pKa of the IL anion (conjugate acid) and the reaction rate was identified with maximum catalyst efficiency observed at a pKa of >14...
July 5, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Bin Cheng, Bing Zu, Bian Bao, Yun Li, Renqi Wang, Hongbin Zhai
An efficient protocol for facile construction of spiro[indazole-3,3'-indolin]-2'-ones was developed via [3 + 2] dipolar cycloaddition of arynes with 3-diazoindolin-2-ones under mild conditions in excellent yields. Subsequent thermal isomerization of the spiro[indazole-3,3'-indolin]-2'-ones readily afforded indazolo[2,3-c]quinazolin-6(5H)-ones.
July 19, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Junren Zhang, Qizheng Yao, Zuliang Liu
Background: Halofuginone hydrobromide (1) is recognized as an effective drug against several species of Eimeria (E.) in poultry. In this paper, we describe a convenient and low cost preparation method for the compound, as well as primary validation of its activity. Methods: First, 7-bromo-6-chloroquinazolin-4(3H)-one (2) was prepared from m-chlorotoluene by a conventional process, and then chloroacetone was creatively introduced in two steps. Finally, halofuginone hydrobromide (1) was obtained from 7-bromo-6-chloro-3-(3-cholroacetonyl) quinazolin-4(3H)-one (4) by a four-step reaction sequence including condensation, cyclization, deprotection and isomerization...
June 30, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Hatem A Abuelizz, Rabab El Dib, Mohamed Marzouk, El-Hassane Anouar, Yousreya A Maklad, Hanan N Attia, Rashad Al-Salahi
A new series of quinazoline-4(3H)-ones are evaluated for anticonvulsant activity. After intraperitoneal (ip) injection to albino mice at a dose of 100 mg/kg body weight, synthesized quinazolin-4(3H)-ones (1-24) were examined in the maximal electroshock (MES) induced seizures and subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole (scPTZ) induced seizure models in mice. The Rotarod method was applied to determine the neurotoxicity. Most of the compounds displayed anticonvulsant activity in the scPTZ screen at a dose range of 0...
June 30, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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