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Yang Wang, Qi Ding, Tao Xu, Chang-Yao Li, Dan-Dan Zhou, Lei Zhang
Manipulating the posttranslational modulator of p53 is central in the regulation of its activity and function. ISGylated p53 can be degraded by the 20S proteasome. During this process, HERC5/Ceb1, an IFN-induced HECT-type E3 ligase, mediated p53 ISGylation. In this study, we indicated that HERC5 was over-expressed in both HCC tissue samples and cell lines. Knockdown of HERC5 significantly induced the expression of p53, p21 and Bax/Bcl-2 in HCC cells, resulting in apoptosis augment. Whereas, opposite results were obtained by using HERC5 over-expression...
September 14, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Bruna Possato, Zumira Aparecida Carneiro, Sérgio de Albuquerque, Sofia Nikolaou
This work reports on the trypanocidal activity of a series of symmetric triruthenium complexes combined with azanaphthalene ligands of general formula [Ru3O(CH3COO)6(L)3]PF6 (L=(1) quinazoline (qui), (2) 5-nitroisoquinoline (5-nitroiq), (3) 5-bromoisoquinoline (5-briq), (4) isoquinoline (iq), (5) 5-aminoisoquinoline (5-amiq), and (6) 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroisoquinoline (thiq)). All complexes within the series presented in vitro trypanocidal activity against both the trypomastigote and amastigote forms of T. cruzi...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Yingnan Han, Mei Ma, Na Li, Rui Hou, Chao Huang, Yoshimitsu Oda, Zijian Wang
Investigations have focused on the removal and transformation of pharmaceuticals during drinking water and wastewater treatment. In the present study, we investigated for the first time the changes of the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity based on different modes of action (MoAs) during chlorination, chloramination and ozonation processes of the anti-epileptic drug carbamazepine (CBZ). The results illustrated that ozonation enhanced the cytotoxicity and the chromosome damage effects on CHO-K1 cells detected by cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay based on high-content screening technique, though ozonation showed the highest removal efficiency for CBZ...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Xiao-Fei Shang, Susan L Morris-Natschke, Ying-Qian Liu, Xiao Guo, Xiao-Shan Xu, Masuo Goto, Jun-Cai Li, Guan-Zhou Yang, Kuo-Hsiung Lee
Quinoline and quinazoline alkaloids, two important classes of N-based heterocyclic compounds, have attracted tremendous attention from researchers worldwide since the 19th century. Over the past 200 years, many compounds from these two classes were isolated from natural sources, and most of them and their modified analogs possess significant bioactivities. Quinine and camptothecin are two of the most famous and important quinoline alkaloids, and their discoveries opened new areas in antimalarial and anticancer drug development, respectively...
September 13, 2017: Medicinal Research Reviews
Z Galvez-Marroquin, L Cruz-López, E A Malo, J M Ramsey, J C Rojas
The behavioural and electrophysiological (electroantennography) responses of the first two instars of Triatoma dimidiata (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) Latreille to fresh and dry faecal headspace volatile extracts from fifth instar conspecific nymphs and synthetic compounds were analysed in this study. Recently emerged nymphs (3-5 days) aggregated around filter paper impregnated with dry faeces and around filter paper impregnated with extracts from both fresh and dry faeces. Older first instars (10-15 days) and second instars aggregated around filter paper impregnated with fresh and dry faeces, and their respective headspace extracts...
September 11, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
Huan Du, Zhijiang Fan, Lan Yang, Xiaoping Bao
A series of novel quinazolin-4-one derivatives (7a-7n) bearing the 7-oxo-1,2,4-triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine moiety were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their inhibition activities against phytopathogenic bacteria and fungi in vitro. All of the target compounds were fully characterized through [Formula: see text] NMR, [Formula: see text] NMR, HRMS and IR spectra. Among these compounds, the structure of compound 7e was unambiguously confirmed via single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The turbidimetric assays indicated that compounds 7b, 7d, 7g, 7k and 7n exhibited much more potent inhibition activities against the pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv...
September 6, 2017: Molecular Diversity
Jae Bin Lee, Mi Eun Kang, Joohee Kim, Chang Young Lee, Jung-Min Kee, Kyungjae Myung, Jang-Ung Park, Sung You Hong
Here we report a set of direct functionalization methods of unmasked 2-phenylquinazolin-4(3H)-ones, a privileged alkaloid core, without the installation/removal event of protecting groups or exogenous coordinating moieties. Divergent pathways were modulated with transition-metal catalysts by suppressing competitive reactivities, leading to N-arylation, annulative π-extension, or C-H fluorination.
September 6, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Ciro Milite, Elisabetta Barresi, Eleonora Da Pozzo, Barbara Costa, Monica Viviano, Amalia Porta, Anna Messere, Gianluca Sbardella, Federico Da Settimo, Ettore Novellino, Sandro Cosconati, Sabrina Castellano, Sabrina Taliani, Claudia Martini
The quinazoline class was exploited to search for a new translocator protein (TSPO) fluorescent probe endowed with improved affinity and residence time (RT). Computational studies on an "in-house" collection of quinazoline derivatives, featuring highly steric demanding groups at the amide nitrogen, suggested that, despite their molecular extension, these ligands are still easily lodged in the TSPO binding site. Binding assays supported this hypothesis, highlighting a low nanomolar/subnanomolar affinity of these ligands, together with a higher RT of the representative compound 11 with respect to our previously reported indole-based fluorescent probe...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Leila Hosseinzadeh, Alireza Aliabadi, Mohsen Rahnama, Hamid Mir Mohammad Sadeghi, Marzieh Rahmani Khajouei
Quinazolinones are a group of heterocyclic compounds that have important biological activities such as cytotoxicity, anti-bacterial, and anti-fungal effects. Thiazole-containing compounds have also many biological effects including antitumor, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activities. Due to significant cytotoxic effects of both quinazoline and thiazole derivatives, in this work a group of quinazolinone-thiazol hybrids were prepared and their cytotoxic effects on three cell lines were evaluated using MTT assay...
August 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Pablo Pertejo, Pablo Peña-Calleja, Israel Carreira-Barral, Roberto Quesada, Nicolás Alejandro Cordero, Francisco Javier Rodríguez, María García-Valverde
Pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepines (PBDs) and other benzo-fused N-heterocycles constitute privileged structures found in numerous bioactive compounds. Thus, developing simple and selective syntheses to furnish these derivatives from easily accessible starting materials is an important and challenging goal. In this work, novel pyrrolobenzodiazepine and pyrroloquinazoline derivatives have been synthesized following a common two step synthetic strategy. This strategy involves a one-pot Ugi/cyclization sequence followed by a reduction with spontaneous thermocontrolled cyclization...
August 30, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Michael K Krapf, Jennifer Gallus, Michael Wiese
Expression of ABCG2, a member of the ABC transporter superfamily, has been correlated to the clinical outcome of multiple cancers and is often associated with the occurrence of multidrug resistance (MDR) in chemotherapy. Inhibition of the transport protein by potent and selective inhibitors might be a way to treat cancer more efficiently and improve the therapy of cancer patients. Recently we reported the synthesis of new inhibitors based on a quinazoline scaffold. In the present study more structural variations were explored...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Antonin Clemenceau, Qian Wang, Jieping Zhu
Silver nitrate-catalyzed reaction of methyl α,α-disubstituted α-isocyanoacetates with primary amines afforded 3,5,5-trisubstituted imidazolones in good to excellent yields. A silver salt-catalyzed insertion of the isocyano group into the N-H bond of the amine followed by in situ lactamization accounted for the reaction outcome. The same transformation between methyl 2-isocyanobenzoate and amines afforded quinazolin-4-ones in excellent yields. The utility of this chemistry was illustrated by the development of concise syntheses of (±)-evodiamine and rutaecarpine...
August 25, 2017: Organic Letters
Yaling Zhang, Hongliang Gao, Renjie Liu, Juan Liu, Li Chen, Xiabing Li, Lijun Zhao, Wei Wang, Baolin Li
A series of novel quinazoline-1-deoxynojirimycin hybrids were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activities against two drug target enzymes, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase and α-glucosidase. Some synthesized compounds exhibited significantly inhibitory activities against the tested enzymes. Comparing with reference compounds gefitinib and lapatinib, compounds 7d, 8d, 9b and 9d showed higher inhibitory activities against EGFR (IC50: 1.79-10.71nM). Meanwhile the inhibitory activities of 7d, 8d and 9c against α-glucosidase (IC50=0...
September 15, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Yan Chong, Jin Chang, Wenwen Zhao, Yong He, Yuqiao Li, Huabei Zhang, Chuanmin Qi
Four novel F-18 labeled quinazoline derivatives with low lipophilicity, [(18) F]4-(2-fluoroethoxy)-6,7-dimethoxyquinazoline ([(18) F]I), [(18) F]4-(3-((4-(2-fluoroethoxy)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)oxy)propyl)morpholine ([(18) F]II), [(18) F]4-(2-fluoroethoxy)-7-methoxy-6-(2-methoxyethoxy)quinazoline ([(18) F]III) and [(18) F]4-(2-fluoroethoxy)-6,7-bis(2-methoxyethoxy)quinazoline ([(18) F]IV), were synthesized via a two-step radiosynthesis procedure with an overall radiochemical yield of 10-38% (without decay correction) and radiochemical purities of > 98%...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
Eun Hye Jung, Ji Yun Jung, Hae Li Ko, Jae Kwang Kim, Sang Mi Park, Dae Hwa Jung, Chung A Park, Young Woo Kim, Sae Kwang Ku, Il Je Cho, Sang Chan Kim
Tryptanthrin (6,12-dihydro-6,12-dioxoindolo-(2,1-b)-quinazoline) has been reported to have a variety of pharmacological activities. Present study investigated the cytoprotective effects of tryptanthrin on arachidonic acid (AA) + iron-mediated oxidative stress and the molecular mechanisms responsible. In HepG2 cells, pretreatment with tryptanthrin inhibited the cytotoxic effect of AA + iron in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, tryptanthrin prevented the changes in the levels of apoptosis-related proteins, and attenuated reactive oxygen species production, glutathione depletion, and mitochondrial membrane impairment induced by AA + iron...
August 21, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Manoj K Sahoo, Garima Jaiswal, Jagannath Rana, Ekambaram Balaraman
We report here for the first time the catalytic oxidative dehydrogenation of N-heterocycles by a visible-light organo-photoredox catalyst with low catalyst loading (0.1-1 mol %). The reaction proceeds efficiently under base- and additive-free conditions with ambient air at room temperature. The utility of this benign approach is demonstrated by the synthesis of various pharmaceutically relevant N-heteroarenes such as quinoline, quinoxaline, quinazoline, acridine, and indole.
August 14, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Michaela Bodner, Boyan Vagalinski, Slobodan E Makarov, Günther Raspotnig
The defensive secretion of the julid diplopod Typhloiulus orpheus contains methyl N-methylanthranilate (MNMA), an ester of N-methylanthranilic acid that comprises more than 99% of secretion of this species. MNMA is accompanied by small amounts of methyl anthranilate and two benzoquinones (2-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone and 2-ethyl-1,4-benzoquinone, respectively). MNMA is a known intermediate in the biosynthesis of both benzoquinones (as present in defensive secretions of juliformians) and glomerin-like quinazolines (chemical defense in Glomerida)...
2017: Chemoecology
Yan-Hua Fan, Wei Li, Dan-Dan Liu, Meng-Xuan Bai, Hong-Rui Song, Yong-Nan Xu, SangKook Lee, Zhi-Peng Zhou, Jian Wang, Huai-Wei Ding
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is a pivotal regulator of intracellular signaling pathways and considered as a promising target in the development of a therapeutic treatment of cancer. Among the different PI3K subtypes, the PIK3CA gene encoding PI3K p110α is frequently mutated and overexpressed in majority of human cancers. Therefore, the inhibition of PI3Kα has been considered to be an efficient approach for the treatment of cancer. In this study, two series compounds containing hydrophilic group in imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine and quinazolin-4(3H)-one were synthesized and their antiproliferative activities against five cancer cell lines, including HCT-116, SK-HEP-1, MDA-MB-231, SNU638 and A549, were evaluated...
August 1, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Hatem A Abuelizz, Anouar El Hassane, Mohamed Marzouk, Essam Ezzeldin, Azza A Ali, Rashad Al-Salahi
AIM: 16 thioxoquinazolines were evaluated in vivo for anti-inflammatory activity using carrageenan-induced paw edema assay. RESULTS: In particular, out of the targets (1-16), compounds 4 and 6 displayed the highest anti-inflammatory activity (≥80%) and furtherly tested against complete Freund's adjuvant-induced arthritic rats. Significant reduction in the serum level of IL-1β, COX-2 and prostaglandin E2 in the complete Freund's adjuvant rats is demonstrated by compounds 4 and 6...
August 9, 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
Mei Zeng, Jia Lu, Lianbo Li, Frederic Feru, Chunshan Quan, Thomas W Gero, Scott B Ficarro, Yuan Xiong, Chiara Ambrogio, Raymond M Paranal, Marco Catalano, Jay Shao, Kwok-Kin Wong, Jarrod A Marto, Eric S Fischer, Pasi A Jänne, David A Scott, Kenneth D Westover, Nathanael S Gray
Targeted covalent small molecules have shown promise for cancers driven by KRAS G12C. Allosteric compounds that access an inducible pocket formed by movement of a dynamic structural element in KRAS, switch II, have been reported, but these compounds require further optimization to enable their advancement into clinical development. We demonstrate that covalent quinazoline-based switch II pocket (SIIP) compounds effectively suppress GTP loading of KRAS G12C, MAPK phosphorylation, and the growth of cancer cells harboring G12C...
August 17, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
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