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Brian P Charrette, Mark A Boerneke, Thomas Hermann
Crystal structure analysis revealed key interactions of a 2-amino-benzimidazole viral translation inhibitor that captures an elongated conformation of an RNA switch target in the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Here, we have designed and synthesized quinazoline derivatives with improved shape complementarity at the ligand binding site of the viral RNA target. A spiro-cyclopropyl modification aimed at filling a pocket in the back of the RNA binding site led to a fivefold increase of ligand affinity while a slightly more voluminous dimethyl substitution at the same position did not improve binding...
October 24, 2016: ACS Chemical Biology
Fleur M Ferguson, Jing Ni, Tinghu Zhang, Bethany Tesar, Taebo Sim, Nam Doo Kim, Xianming Deng, Jennifer R Brown, Jean J Zhao, Nathanael S Gray
Dual inhibition of PI3K-δ and PI3K-γ is an established therapeutic strategy for treatment of hematological malignancies. Reported molecules targeting PI3K-δ/γ selectively are chemically similar and based upon isoquinolin-1(2H)-one or quinazolin-4(3H)-one scaffolds. Here we report a chemically distinct series of potent, selective PI3K-δ/γ inhibitors based on a 5,11-dihydro-6H-benzo[e]pyrimido[5,4-b][1,4]diazepin-6-one scaffold with comparable biochemical potency and cellular effects on PI3K signaling. We envisage these molecules will provide useful leads for development of next-generation PI3K-δ/γ targeting therapeutics...
October 13, 2016: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Ramu Guda, Sirassu Narsimha, Ramavath Babu, Srujana Muthadi, Harikiran Lingabathula, Rambabu Palabindela, Narsimha Reddy Yellu, Girijesh Kumar, Mamatha Kasula
A series of novel substituted hydrazono indolo[2,1-b]quinazoline-6,12-dione analogues have been synthesized and screened for their in vitro cytotoxic and antimicrobial activities. Among all the target compounds, 3c exhibited the most potent inhibitory activity against three cancer cell lines MCF-7, A549, HeLa with IC50 values 07.14±1.285μM, 09.18±0.968μM and 10.57±0.581μM respectively, while maintaining low toxicity towards non-cancer originated cell line, HEK-293. The detailed studies about molecular interactions with probable target protein indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO1) were done by using docking simulations...
October 5, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Eleni Pitta, Olga Balabon, Maciej K Rogacki, Jesús Gómez, Fraser Cunningham, Jurgen Joosens, Koen Augustyns, Pieter van der Veken, Robert Bates
During the construction of bioactive molecules, regioselective alkylation of heterocyclic, N/O ambident nucleophiles is a frequently encountered synthetic transformation. In this framework, specific attention is required to unambiguously determine the structures of obtained reaction products. As part of our project on quinoloxyacetamide based antimycobacterial agents, a series of N- or O- alkylated quinolin-4-ol, 1,5-naphthyridin-4-ol and quinazolin-4-ol derivatives were prepared during the course of which we observed unexpected selectivity issues...
October 11, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Chunhao Yuan, Leijie Zhou, Miaoren Xia, Zhanhu Sun, Dongqi Wang, Hongchao Guo
With the use of a commercially available chiral phosphine as the catalyst, the first catalytic enantioselective [4 + 3] annulation of allenoates with C,N-cyclic azomethine imines is developed. The reaction works efficiently under mild reaction conditions to afford seven-membered ring-fused quinazoline-based tricyclic heterocycles in high yields with good to excellent diastereo- and enantioselectivities.
October 21, 2016: Organic Letters
Apirat Chaikuad, Julien Diharce, Martin Schröder, Alicia Foucourt, Bertrand Leblond, Anne-Sophie Casagrande, Laurent Desire, Pascal Bonnet, Stefan Knapp, Thierry Besson
Methyl 9-anilinothiazolo[5,4-f]quinazoline-2-carbimidates 1 (EHT 5372) and 2 (EHT 1610) are strong inhibitors of DYRK's family kinases. The crystal structures of the complex revealed a non-canonical binding mode of compound 1 and 2 in DYRK2 explaining the remarkable selectivity and potency of these inhibitors. The structural data and comparison presented here provide therefore a template for further improvement of this inhibitor class and for the development of novel inhibitors selectively targeting DYRK kinase...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Vitthal B Saptal, Bhalchandra M Bhanage
A series of highly efficient, bifunctional ionic liquids containing a quaternary alkyl ammonium cation and an amine anion were prepared from choline and amino acids, respectively. Nine ILs were synthesized, characterized, and applied as organocatalysts for the chemical fixation of carbon dioxide to form cyclic carbonates and quinazoline-2,4(1 H,3 H)-diones. A binary mixture of an IL and a co-catalysts generates deep eutectic solvents (DESs) and accelerates the rate of the cycloaddition reaction at atmospheric pressure and low temperature (70 °C)...
October 20, 2016: ChemSusChem
Hugues Kamdem Paumo, Tshepiso Jan Makhafola, Malose Jack Mphahlele
Herein, we describe the synthesis of novel unsymmetrical polycarbo-substituted 4-anilinoquinazolines derived from the 2-aryl-6-bromo-8-iodoquinazolines via one-pot three-step reaction sequences involving initial amination and subsequent double cross-coupling (bis-Suzuki, Sonogashira/Stille or Sonogashira/Suzuki-Miyaura) reactions with different cross coupling partners for the two carbon-carbon bond formation steps. The 4-anilinoquinazolines were evaluated for potential cytotoxicity against three cancer cell lines, namely, human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) cells, human cervical cancer (HeLa) and human lung cancer (A549) cells...
October 14, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Dorota G Piotrowska, Graciela Andrei, Dominique Schols, Robert Snoeck, Magdalena Łysakowska
Cycloadditions of N-substituted C-(diethoxyphosphoryl)nitrones to N-allylated quinazoline-2,4-diones functionalized at N3 with substituted benzoyl or benzyl groups proceeded with moderate to good diastereoselectivities (d.e. 28-68%). The synthesized isoxazolidine phosphonates were assessed for the antiviral activity against a broad range of DNA and RNA viruses. Compounds trans-13c, cis-13c/trans-13c (86:14), cis-15b/trans-15b (87:13) and trans-15d/cis-15d (95:5) exhibited the highest activity toward both TK(+) and TK(-) VZV strains (mean EC50 values in the range of 3...
October 4, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Akkaladevi Venkatesham, Milind Saudi, Suzanne Kaptein, Johan Neyts, Jef Rozenski, Mathy Froeyen, Arthur Van Aerschot
Previous efforts led to dicarboxamide derivatives like 1.3, comprising either an imidazole, pyrazine or fenyl ring as the central scaffold, with many congeners displaying strong inhibitory effects against dengue virus (DENV) in cell-based assays. Following up on some literature reports, the rationale was borne out to preserve the pending groups, now attached to either a 2,6-diaminopurine or 2,4-diaminoquinazoline scaffold. Synthetic efforts turned out less straightforward than expected, but yielded some new derivatives with low micromolar anti-DENV activity, albeit not devoid of cellular toxicity...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Eun Young Park, Joo-Il Kim, Dong-Gyu Leem, Ji-Sun Shin, Kyung-Tack Kim, Sang Yoon Choi, Myung-Hee Lee, Jung-Hye Choi, Yong Sup Lee, Kyung-Tae Lee
Previously, we reported that (E)-8-acetoxy-2-[2-(3,4-diacetoxyphenyl)ethenyl]-quinazoline (8-ADEQ), a synthetic analogue of resveratrol had anti-inflammatory and G2/M cell cycle arrest activities, but the underlying molecular mechanism of cytotoxic effects of this compound was not determined. In this study, 8-ADEQ displayed potent cytotoxicity and triggered apoptosis in HL-60 cells as evidenced by DNA fragmentation, DNA ladder formation, and the externalization of Annexin V-targeted phosphatidylserine residues in HL-60 cells...
October 13, 2016: Oncology Reports
Dongwei Kang, Heng Zhang, Zhongxia Zhou, Boshi Huang, Lieve Naesens, Peng Zhan, Xinyong Liu
A series of 1,2,3-triazolyl 3-hydroxy-quinazoline-2,4(1H,3H)-diones was constructed utilizing Cu(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition (CuAAC) method. The biological significance of the novel synthesized quinazolines was highlighted by evaluating them in vitro for antiviral activity, wherein several compounds exhibited excellent activity specifically against vaccinia and adenovirus. Especially, 24b11 displayed the most potent inhibitory activity against vaccinia with an EC50 value of 1.7μM, which was 15 fold than that of the reference drug Cidofovir (EC50=25μM)...
September 29, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Natasha M Khatri, Michele H Pablico-Lansigan, William L Boncher, Julie E Mertzman, Aura C Labatete, Laura M Grande, Donald Wunder, Michael J Prushan, Weiguo Zhang, P Shiv Halasyamani, Jorge H S K Monteiro, Ana de Bettencourt-Dias, Sarah L Stoll
The syntheses, structures, and luminescence properties of a series of copper(I) halide coordination polymers, prepared with mono- and bidentate N-heteroaromatic ligands, are reported. These metal-organic coordination networks form [Cu2I2L]n for bidentate ligands (where L = pyrazine (1), quinazoline (2)) and [CuIL]n for monodentate ligands (where L = 3-benzoylpyridine (3) and 4-benzoylpyridine(4)). Both sets of compounds exhibit a double-stranded stair-Cu2I2-polymer, or "ladder" structure with the ligand coordinating to the metal in a bidentate (bridging two stairs) or monodentate mode...
October 13, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Maheswata Sahoo, Lingaraja Jena, Sangeeta Daf, Satish Kumar
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito borne pathogen, belongs to Flaviviridae family having a positive-sense single-stranded RNA genome, currently known for causing large epidemics in Brazil. Its infection can cause microcephaly, a serious birth defect during pregnancy. The recent outbreak of ZIKV in February 2016 in Brazil realized it as a major health risk, demands an enhanced surveillance and a need to develop novel drugs against ZIKV. Amodiaquine, prochlorperazine, quinacrine, and berberine are few promising drugs approved by Food and Drug Administration against dengue virus which also belong to Flaviviridae family...
September 2016: Genomics & Informatics
Prabhakar Bastola, Lisa Neums, Frank J Schoenen, Jeremy Chien
Valosin-containing protein (VCP) or p97, a member of AAA-ATPase protein family, has been associated with various cellular functions including endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD), Golgi membrane reassembly, autophagy, DNA repair, and cell division. Recent studies identified VCP and ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) as synthetic lethal targets in ovarian cancer. Here, we describe the preclinical activity of VCP inhibitors in ovarian cancer. Results from our studies suggest that quinazoline-based VCP inhibitors initiate G1 cell cycle arrest, attenuate cap-dependent translation and induce programmed cell death via the intrinsic and the extrinsic modes of apoptosis...
September 28, 2016: Molecular Oncology
Maryam Mohamadi, Asadollah Hassankhani, S Yousef Ebrahimipour, Masoud Torkzadeh-Mahani
In this study, the interaction of three [1,2,3,4]tetrazolo[5,1-b]-quinazolin-8-one derivatives with salmon sperm DNA and BSA was investigated experimentally and theoretically. Fluorescence and absorption spectroscopy techniques were applied to determine the probable interaction mechanism and correlated binding constants and thermodynamic parameters. It was found that the compounds intercalate into the DNA duplex via minor groove in a moderately strong fashion with the binding constants of 10(4)M(-1). The values of binding constant for the interaction with BSA at different temperatures were also calculated to be in the range of 1...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Sen Li, Sai-Jie Zuo, Lei Cao, Dong-Zheng Liu, San-Qi Zhang, Yong-Xiao Cao
A novel 3-benzylquinazolin-4(3H)-one derivative Z32, namely 6,7-dimethoxy-3-(3-chloro-4-(4-fluorobenzyloxy)benzyl)quinazolin-4(3H)-one was synthesized. The vasorelaxant and antihypertensive effects of Z32 and its underlying mechanisms were investigated. The following methods were used. The isometric tension of artery ring segments was recorded using an in vitro myography system. Changes in the calcium influx in mesenteric arteries were surveyed using a real-time confocal microscopy. The arterial pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats was measured in vivo using a non-invasive tail cuff blood pressure system...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Alan M Jones, Isaac M Westwood, James D Osborne, Thomas P Matthews, Matthew D Cheeseman, Martin G Rowlands, Fiona Jeganathan, Rosemary Burke, Diane Lee, Nadia Kadi, Manjuan Liu, Meirion Richards, Craig McAndrew, Norhakim Yahya, Sarah E Dobson, Keith Jones, Paul Workman, Ian Collins, Rob L M van Montfort
The heat shock protein 70s (HSP70s) are molecular chaperones implicated in many cancers and of significant interest as targets for novel cancer therapies. Several HSP70 inhibitors have been reported, but because the majority have poor physicochemical properties and for many the exact mode of action is poorly understood, more detailed mechanistic and structural insight into ligand-binding to HSP70s is urgently needed. Here we describe the first comprehensive fragment-based inhibitor exploration of an HSP70 enzyme, which yielded an amino-quinazoline fragment that was elaborated to a novel ATP binding site ligand with different physicochemical properties to known adenosine-based HSP70 inhibitors...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Chao-Xiang Liu, Zhong-Xiang Lin, Ai-Min Zhou
A series of novel hexahydrodibenzoxepine and quinazoline derivatives were designed and synthesized starting from dehydroabietylamine. The cytotoxicities of the compounds against L02 and HepG2 cell lines were investigated. Meanwhile, the plasmid DNA (Escherichia coli) cleavage of several heterocyclic derivatives was studied. These compounds exhibit remarkable activities on plasmid DNA pBR322. Our study provides useful information for developing new and more potent antitumor agents.
December 2016: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Vinod G Ugale, Sanjay B Bari
Anticonvulsants effective against multiple seizures are of wide interest as antiepileptic drugs, especially if active against pharmaco-resistant seizures. Herein, we synthesized 16 different, rationally designed 2-((6,7-dimethoxy-4-oxo-2-phenylquinazolin-3(4H)-yl)amino)-N-(substituted phenyl)acetamides and screened for anticonvulsant activities through in vivo experiments. Compound 4d emerged as prototype with excellent anti-seizure action in mice against electroshock, chemically induced and pharmaco-resistant 6-Hz seizure models with no symptoms of neurotoxicity and hepatotoxicity (ED50  = 23...
September 28, 2016: Archiv der Pharmazie
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