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Maternal risk factor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223002/basal-and-reactivity-levels-of-cortisol-in-one-month-old-infants-born-to-overweight-or-obese-mothers-from-an-ethnically-and-racially-diverse-low-income-community-sample
#1
Karen M Jones-Mason, Michael Coccia, Stephanie Grover, Elissa Epel, Nicole R Bush
Establishing typical values of the steroid hormone cortisol at rest and after challenge is critical for understanding how environmental factors impact stress regulation and overall development, beginning at birth. Yet most extant samples are small or based upon low-risk populations, and few studies address the potential role of maternal weight during pregnancy in their study designs or sampling strategy. Here we report basal and reactivity levels of salivary cortisol within a racially and ethnically diverse sample of 132 infants approximately one month of age (Age in days: M=37...
December 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221670/sociodemographic-and-obstetric-factors-related-to-symptoms-of-postpartum-depression-in-hispanic-women-in-rural-california
#2
Younglee Kim, Vivien Dee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships among sociodemographic and obstetric factors and symptoms of postpartum depression (PPD) in Hispanic women living in rural California. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional, descriptive design. SETTING: Rural southern California communities. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 223 Hispanic women, ages 18 to 42 years old, with one living infant younger than 12 months old...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219937/relationship-between-maternal-characteristics-and-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-meta-analysis-study
#3
Aysegul Durmaz, Nuran Komurcu
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of maternal death in low-income countries and the primary cause of approximately one of every four maternal deaths worldwide. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the antenatal risk factors of PPH and its effects. METHODS: The literature from nine databases was reviewed, and studies published between 2000 and 2012 were analyzed using terms such as "postpartum hemorrhage," "prevention of postpartum hemorrhage," and "management of postpartum hemorrhage...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219011/meconium-aspiration-syndrome-risk-factors-and-predictors-of-severity
#4
Cláudia Patrícia Lourenço Oliveira, Filipa Flôr-de-Lima, Gustavo Marcondes Duarte Rocha, Ana Paula Machado, Maria Hercília Ferreira Guimarães Pereira Areias
PURPOSE: To identify risk factors and predictors of severity associated with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) in the patients admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study including newborns admitted, between 2005 and 2015, with a diagnosis of MAS. RESULTS: Of the newborns admitted to the NICU, 0.66% were diagnosed with MAS. These had higher prevalence of caesarean delivery (p < .001), nonreassuring or abnormal cardiotocography (CTG) (p < ...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218767/maternal-communicative-behaviours-and-interaction-quality-as-predictors-of-language-development-findings-from-a-community-based-study-of-slow-to-talk-toddlers
#5
Laura J Conway, Penny A Levickis, Jodie Smith, Fiona Mensah, Melissa Wake, Sheena Reilly
BACKGROUND: Identifying risk and protective factors for language development informs interventions for children with developmental language disorder (DLD). Maternal responsive and intrusive communicative behaviours are associated with language development. Mother-child interaction quality may influence how children use these behaviours in language learning. AIMS: To identify (1) communicative behaviours and interaction quality associated with language outcomes; (2) whether the association between a maternal intrusive behaviour (directive) and child language scores changed alongside a maternal responsive behaviour (expansion); and (3) whether interaction quality modified these associations...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218703/epidemic-of-large-babies-highlighted-by-use-of-intergrowth21st-international-standard
#6
Felicity J Park, Brad de Vries, Jon A Hyett, Adrienne Gordon
OBJECTIVE: To compare birth weights in central Sydney to the INTERGROWTH21st international standard to describe current trends in relation to optimal growth and to define areas that may benefit from improved obstetric surveillance and intervention. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected cohort. DESIGN: hospital-based cohort study. SETTING: Sydney Local Health District, Australia. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: women with singleton pregnancies who had first trimester screening for aneuploidy between 16 April, 2010 and 9 March, 2012...
December 8, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218490/fathers-count-the-impact-of-paternal-risk-factors-on-birth-outcomes
#7
Ying Meng, Susan W Groth
Objective To determine the contribution of paternal factors to the risk of adverse birth outcomes. Methods This is a retrospective cross-sectional analysis using birth certificate data from 2004 to 2015 retrieved from the Finger Lakes Regional Perinatal Data System. Primiparous women with singleton pregnancies were analyzed in the study. Two multivariate logistic regression models were conducted to assess potential paternal risk factors including age, race/ethnicity, and education on four birth outcomes, including preterm birth (PTB), low birthweight (LBW), high birthweight (HBW), and small for gestational age (SGA)...
December 7, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217927/magnitude-and-factors-associated-with-post-cesarean-surgical-site-infection-at-hawassa-university-teaching-and-referral-hospital-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Samuel Wodajo, Mehretu Belayneh, Samson Gebremedhin
Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) after cesarean section (CS) increases maternal morbidity, hospital stay and medical cost. However, in Ethiopia, limited evidence exists regarding the magnitude and risk factors of post-CS wound infection. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of - and factors associated with the problem among mothers who gave birth in Hawassa University Teaching and Referral Hospital, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted based on the medical records of 592 women who underwent CS from June 2012 to May 2013...
May 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216770/maternal-age-over-40-years-and-pregnancy-outcome-a-hospital-based-survey
#9
Luca Marozio, Elisa Picardo, Claudia Filippini, Erika Mainolfi, Paola Berchialla, Franco Cavallo, Annalisa Tancredi, Chiara Benedetto
OBJECTIVE: Increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes with advancing maternal age has been described but the strength of association remains debated, particularly in presence of confounding factors such as parity, twin pregnancy and pregnancy from assisted reproductive technologies. The aim of this study was to evaluate pregnancy outcomes in a large cohort of women aged over 40 years. The hypothesis was that advanced maternal age may be an independent risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcome...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216607/frequency-of-risk-factors-and-coexisting-abnormalities-in-a-population-of-egyptian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Nagwa Abdel Meguid, Neveen Hassan Nashaat, Heba S Hashem, Mai M Khalil
BACKGROUND: Many risk factors interact together during the critical period of development and govern the future phenotype of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Furthermore, co-occurring abnormalities among individuals with ASD vary a lot so as their abilities. AIM OF WORK: To investigate possible risk factors and to determine the prevalence of coexisting abnormalities in a sample of Egyptian ASD children and their influence on the severity and their communication performance...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215708/risk-factors-for-nuchal-cord-entanglement-at-delivery
#11
Elie Nkwabong, Jacky Ndoumbe Mballo, Julius Sama Dohbit
OBJECTIVE: To identify nuchal cord risk factors. METHODS: The present case-control study was carried out between December 2016 and April 2017 at two hospitals in Yaoundé, Cameroon. Singletons with a nuchal cord at delivery (case group) as well as the two neonates without a nuchal cord delivered immediately after each case (control group), all in cephalic presentation, were included. Undated pregnancies were excluded. The main variables studied were maternal age, parity, pregnancy duration at delivery, cord insertion site, cord length, delivery weight, and fetal sex...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215522/intrauterine-balloon-tamponade-for-severe-postpartum-hemorrhage
#12
Mathilde Revert, Patrick Rozenberg, Jonathan Cottenet, Catherine Quantin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of invasive procedures (surgical or vascular) for hemorrhage control between a perinatal network that routinely used intrauterine balloon tamponade and another perinatal network that did not in postpartum hemorrhage management. METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study included all women (72,529) delivering between 2011 and 2012 in the 19 maternity units in two French perinatal networks: a pilot (in which balloon tamponade was used) and a control network...
December 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214633/placenta-accreta-spectrum-disorder-trends-in-the-context-of-the-universal-two-child-policy-in-china-and-the-risk-of-hysterectomy
#13
Chanjuan Zeng, Mengyuan Yang, Yiling Ding, Siqi Duan, Yang Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To identify both the trends in placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders in the context of the universal two-child policy in China and risk factors for hysterectomy. METHODS: The present retrospective analysis included confirmed PAS disorders during cesarean delivery at a tertiary hospital in Changsha, Hunan, China, from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2016. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the risk of hysterectomy. RESULTS: During the 10-year study period, the overall incidence of cesarean delivery was 51...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214580/primary-prevention-of-congenital-anomalies-special-focus-on-environmental-chemicals-and-other-toxicants-maternal-health-and-health-services-and-infectious-diseases
#14
Domenica Taruscio, Francesca Baldi, Pietro Carbone, Amanda J Neville, Giovanni Rezza, Caterina Rizzo, Alberto Mantovani
Congenital anomalies (CA) represent an important fraction of rare diseases, due to the critical role of non-genetic factors in their pathogenesis. CA are the main group of rare diseases in which primary prevention measures will have a beneficial impact. Indeed, since 2013 the European Union has endorsed a body of evidence-based recommendations for CA primary prevention; the recommendations aim at facilitating the inclusion of primary prevention actions the National Rare Disease Plans of EU Member States and encompass different public health fields, from environment through to maternal diseases and lifestyles...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213232/stress-induced-chronic-visceral-pain-of-gastrointestinal-origin
#15
REVIEW
Beverley Greenwood-Van Meerveld, Anthony C Johnson
Visceral pain is generally poorly localized and characterized by hypersensitivity to a stimulus such as organ distension. In concert with chronic visceral pain, there is a high comorbidity with stress-related psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression. The mechanisms linking visceral pain with these overlapping comorbidities remain to be elucidated. Evidence suggests that long term stress facilitates pain perception and sensitizes pain pathways, leading to a feed-forward cycle promoting chronic visceral pain disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212483/fast-food-consumption-and-its-associations-with-obesity-and-hypertension-among-children-results-from-the-baseline-data-of-the-childhood-obesity-study-in-china-mega-cities
#16
Yaling Zhao, Liang Wang, Hong Xue, Huijun Wang, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: China has seen rapid increase in obesity and hypertension prevalence and fast food consumption over the past decade. We examined status and risk factors for Western- and Chinese fast food consumption and their associations with health outcomes in Chinese children, and examined how maternal factors were associated with child health outcomes. METHODS: Data of 1626 students aged 7-16 (11.6 ± 2.0) years and their parents in four mega-cities across China (Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Xi'an) were collected in the 2015 baseline survey of the Childhood Obesity Study in China Mega-cities...
December 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211781/blood-pressure-patterns-and-body-mass-index-status-in-pregnancy-an-assessment-among-women-reporting-for-antenatal-care-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-ghana
#17
Mary Amoakoh-Coleman, Deda Ogum-Alangea, Emefa Modey-Amoah, Michael Yao Ntumy, Richard M Adanu, Samuel A Oppong
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity in pregnancy has been linked with increased risk of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH). In some tertiary referral hospitals in Ghana, PIH is the leading cause of institutional maternal mortality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate blood pressure changes during pregnancy amongst different body mass index (BMI) groups and how this relates to the risk of developing PIH. METHODS: Women who had a dating ultrasound before 20 weeks gestation and registering for antenatal care at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital in Accra, between February and December 2013 and met the inclusion criteria were recruited into a cohort study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208865/assessment-of-postnatal-depression-by-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-bangladesh
#18
T Parveen, S Akhter, H H Parveen, F Noor, R K Kazal
The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of post partum depression and its associated risk factors among the mothers in their immediate post natal period. This cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and a tertiary care centre in Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2015 to December 2015. Total 145 post natal mothers were screened for postnatal depression from day 5-7 following caesarean section by the validated Bangla version of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206985/advanced-maternal-age-and-the-risk-of-low-birth-weight-and-preterm-delivery-a-within-family-analysis-using-finnish-population-registers
#19
Alice Goisis, Hanna Remes, Kieron Barclay, Pekka Martikainen, Mikko Myrskylä
Advanced maternal age at birth is considered a major risk factor for birth outcomes. It is unclear to what extent this association is confounded by maternal characteristics. To test whether advanced maternal age at birth independently increases the risk of low birth weight (<2,500 g) and preterm birth (<37 weeks' gestation), we compared between-family models (children born to different mothers at different ages) with within-family models (children born to the same mother at different ages). The latter procedure reduces confounding by unobserved parental characteristics that are shared by siblings...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206936/birthweight-of-singletons-born-after-cleavage-stage-or-blastocyst-transfer-in-fresh-and-warming-cycles
#20
Anick De Vos, Samuel Santos-Ribeiro, Lisbet Van Landuyt, Hilde Van de Velde, Herman Tournaye, Greta Verheyen
STUDY QUESTION: Does extended culture to the blastocyst stage affect singleton birthweight after either fresh or vitrified-warmed embryo transfer? SUMMARY ANSWER: Singleton birthweight z-scores did not vary significantly after a fresh blastocyst transfer, whereas the additional effect of vitrification remains inconclusive. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Observational studies have associated extended culture with an increased risk of preterm birth and low birthweight...
December 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
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