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Maternal risk factor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226066/chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-young-pregnant-women-in-southern-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Mariângela Freitas da Silveira, Iândora Krolow Timm Sclowitz, Ludmila Gonçalves Entiauspe, Marilia Arndt Mesenburg, Dulce Stauffert, Guilherme Lucas de Oliveira Bicca, Carine Pieniz, Adriane Brod Manta
This study estimated the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection during pregnancy in a sample of women up to 29 years of age in the city of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, and investigated socio-demographic risk factors such as maternal age, marital status, maternal schooling, and family income. C. trachomatis infection was diagnosed with PCR using BD ProbeTecTM CT/GC Amplified DNA Assay. Socio-demographic, behavioral, and reproductive data were collected using structured questionnaires. All collections were performed by previously trained medical students...
February 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225833/influence-of-hla-class-i-hla-class-ii-and-kirs-on-vertical-transmission-and-chronicity-of-hepatitis-c-virus-in-children
#2
A Ruiz-Extremera, E J Pavón-Castillero, M Florido, P Muñoz de Rueda, J A Muñoz-Gámez, J Casado, A Carazo, R Quiles, S M Jiménez-Ruiz, A Gila, J D Luna, J León, J Salmerón
BACKGROUND & AIM: There is evidence that maternal viral load of HCV during delivery influences the risk for Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), but this does not explain all cases. We study the role of the immunogenetic profile (HLA, KIRs and KIR-ligand binding) of mothers and children in HCV-MTCT and in chronicity in the children. METHODOLOGY: 79 HCV-RNA (+) mothers and their 98 children were included. 24 children were infected, becoming chronic in 8 cases and clearing in 16...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225798/effect-of-maternal-death-on-child-survival-in-rural-west-africa-25-years-of-prospective-surveillance-data-in-the-gambia
#3
Susana Scott, Lindsay Kendall, Pierre Gomez, Stephen R C Howie, Syed M A Zaman, Samba Ceesay, Umberto D'Alessandro, Momodou Jasseh
BACKGROUND: The death of a mother is a tragedy in itself but it can also have devastating effects for the survival of her children. We aim to explore the impact of a mother's death on child survival in rural Gambia, West Africa. METHODS: We used 25 years of prospective surveillance data from the Farafenni Health and Demographic surveillance system (FHDSS). Mortality rates per 1,000 child-years up to ten years of age were estimated and Kaplan-Meier survival curves plotted by maternal vital status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223467/hypertension-in-pregnancy-and-offspring-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-adulthood-prospective-and-sibling-studies-in-the-hunt-study-nord-tr%C3%A3-ndelag-health-study-in-norway
#4
Ingvild V Alsnes, Lars J Vatten, Abigail Fraser, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard, Janet Rich-Edwards, Pål R Romundstad, Bjørn O Åsvold
Women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are at increased lifetime risk for cardiovascular disease. We examined the offspring's cardiovascular risk profile in young adulthood and their siblings' cardiovascular risk profile. From the HUNT study (Nord-Trøndelag Health Study) in Norway, 15 778 participants (mean age: 29 years), including 210 sibling groups, were linked to information from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Blood pressure, anthropometry, serum lipids, and C-reactive protein were assessed...
February 21, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219028/identifying-women-at-risk-for-sustained-postpartum-anxiety
#5
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Kobra Falah-Hassani, Flavia Casasanta Marini, Simone N Vigod
INTRODUCTION: To describe the prevalence of sustained postpartum anxiety and to develop a multifactorial predictive model to assist in targeted screening procedures. METHODS: In a population-based cohort in a health region near Vancouver, Canada, 522 mothers completed a mailed questionnaire at 1, 4, and 8 weeks postpartum measuring socio-demographic, biological, pregnancy-related, life stressor, social support, obstetric, and maternal adjustment factors. We undertook a sequential logistic regression analysis to develop a multifactorial predictive model of sustained postpartum anxiety, as measured by a State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) score >40 at 1 week and/or 4 weeks, and 8 weeks postpartum...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218773/risk-factors-for-birth-defects
#6
Benjamin S Harris, Katherine C Bishop, Hanna R Kemeny, Jennifer S Walker, Eleanor Rhee, Jeffrey A Kuller
Importance: Major congenital abnormalities, or birth defects, carry significant medical, surgical, cosmetic, or lifestyle consequences. Such abnormalities may be syndromic, involving multiple organ systems, or can be isolated. Overall, 2% to 4% of live births involve congenital abnormalities. Risk factors for birth defects are categorized as modifiable and nonmodifiable. Modifiable risk factors require thorough patient education/counseling. The strongest risk factors, such as age, family history, and a previously affected child, are usually nonmodifiable...
February 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218564/-a-brief-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-risk-factors-and-current-criteria-of-diagnosis
#7
Zahra Al-Aissa, Orsolya Hadarits, Klára Rosta, András Zóka, János Rigó, Gábor Firneisz, Anikó Somogyi
Diabetes is one of the most common metabolic disorders that may cause pathological pregnancy. Treating diabetes recognized during pregnancy results in lowering maternal and fetal complications. These patients present higher risk for excessive weight gain, preeclampsia, delivery with cesarean sections, high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in the future. Fetuses of mothers with gestational diabetes are at higher risk for macrosomia and birth trauma, after delivery they present higher risk of developing neonatal hypoglycemia, hyperbilirubinemia, and respiratory distress syndrome...
February 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217667/the-efficacy-of-pre-delivery-prophylactic-trans-catheter-arterial-balloon-occlusion-of-bilateral-internal-iliac-artery-in-patients-with-suspected-placental-adhesion
#8
Yoon Jin Cho, Yong Taek Oh, Suk Young Kim, Ju Young Kim, Sun Young Jung, Seung Joo Chon, Jeong Ho Kim, Sung Su Byun
OBJECTIVE: Prophylactic trans-catheter arterial balloon occlusion (PTABO) before cesarean section of placenta previa totalis has been introduced to prevent massive hemorrhage. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical usefulness of PTABO in cases of suspected placental adhesion and to examine antepartal risk factors and perinatal outcomes in women with placental adhesion. METHODS: Between January 2012 and December 2015, 77 patients who had undergone ultrasonography for evaluation of placenta previa were enrolled in this study...
January 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217587/is-small-town-india-falling-into-the-nutritional-trap-of-metro-cities-a-study-in-school-going-adolescents
#9
Tabassum Nawab, Zulfia Khan, Iqbal Mohammed Khan, Mohammed Athar Ansari
INTRODUCTION: There has been an increasing secular trend in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in developing countries. The prevalence reported among children and adolescents of some metro cities in India are comparable to that in some developed countries. Westernization of culture, rapid mushrooming of fast food joints, lack of physical activity, and increasing sedentary pursuits in the metro cities are some of the reasons implicated for this. The nutritional changes in small town school children might be following the same pattern of larger cities...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217496/a-study-of-bone-turnover-markers-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Sheelu Shafiq Siddiqi, Abhijit Girish Borse, Anjum Pervez, Shaheen Anjum
INTRODUCTION: Gestational diabetes is defined as carbohydrate intolerance resulting in hyperglycemia of variable severity with the first recognition during pregnancy. Established risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are maternal age, obesity, family history of diabetes, etc. Vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and various other hormones are known for their function in maintaining calcium and phosphorous homeostatic. Furthermore, Vitamin D, PTH serum ionized calcium, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) have been reported to be altered with glucose homeostasis...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216995/prevalence-and-predictors-of-unhealthy-weight-gain-in-pregnancy
#11
Sara Lindberg, Cynthia Anderson, Parvathy Pillai, Aman Tandias, Brian Arndt, Lawrence Hanrahan
IMPORTANCE: Weight gain during pregnancy affects obesity risk in offspring. OBJECTIVE: To assess weight gain among UW Health prenatal patients and to identify predictors of unhealthy gestational weight gain. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of women delivering at UW Health during 2007-2012. Data are from the UW eHealth Public Health Information Exchange (PHINEX) project. The proportion of women with excess and insufficient (ie, unhealthy) gestational weight gain was computed based on 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines...
November 2016: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216130/amphiregulin-as-a-novel-serum-marker-of-puberty-in-girls
#12
Frank M Biro, Susan M Pinney, Richard C Schwartz, Bin Huang, Ashley M Cattran, Sandra Z Haslam
OBJECTIVES: Amphiregulin is a member of the epidermal growth factor family. In breast tissue, amphiregulin is a mediator of estrogen and progesterone signaling. The objectives were to examine the relationship of amphiregulin levels during peripuberty with estrogen levels. METHODS: The participants in this analysis were a subset from a longitudinal study of pubertal maturation, the Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Program. They were recruited between ages six and seven...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215201/early-kit-mortality-and-growth-in-farmed-mink-are-affected-by-litter-size-rather-than-nest-climate
#13
T M Schou, J Malmkvist
We investigated the effects of nest box climate on early mink kit mortality and growth. We hypothesised that litters in warm nest boxes experience less hypothermia-induced mortality and higher growth rates during the 1st week of life. This study included data from 749, 1-year-old breeding dams with access to nesting materials. Kits were weighed on days 1 and 7, dead kits were collected daily from birth until day 7 after birth, and nest climate was measured continuously from days 1 to 6. We tested the influences of the following daily temperature (T) and humidity (H) parameters on the number of live-born kit deaths and kit growth: T mean, T min, T max, T var (fluctuation) and H mean...
February 20, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214921/vitamin-d-administration-during-pregnancy-as-prevention-for-pregnancy-neonatal-and-postnatal-complications
#14
REVIEW
Carol L Wagner, Bruce W Hollis, Kalliopi Kotsa, Hana Fakhoury, Spyridon N Karras
Pregnancy represents a time of rapid bodily change, which includes physical proportions, physiology and responsibility. At this context, maternal vitamin D stores have been the objective of extensive scientific research during the last decades, focusing on their potential effects on maternal an neonatal health. A growing body of observational studies indicated that maternal hypovitaminosis D (as defined by maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels <20 ng/ml or <50 nmol/l) is a significant risk factor for adverse neonatal outcomes including asthma, multiple sclerosis and other neurological disorders...
February 18, 2017: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213921/maternal-igf1-and-igf1r-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#15
Jian-Rong He, Yu-Mian Lai, Hui-Hui Liu, Guang-Jian Liu, Wei-Dong Li, Xue-Jiao Fan, Xue-Ling Wei, Xiao-Yan Xia, Ya-Shu Kuang, Xiao-Dan Liu, Nian-Nian Chen, Jin-Hua Lu, Qiao-Zhu Chen, Wei-Bi Mai, Hui-Min Xia, Xiu Qiu
BACKGROUND: The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) pathway was involved in the occurrence of spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB), but little is known regarding the relationship between genetic variations in IGF pathway and the risk of SPTB. We aimed to investigate the associations of IGF1 rs972936 and IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) rs2229765 polymorphisms with SPTB risk in a Chinese population. METHOD: A total of 114 cases of SPTB and 250 controls of term delivery were included from Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, China...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213594/brighter-children-the-association-between-seasonality-of-birth-and-child-iq-in-a-population-based-birth-cohort
#16
Nina H Grootendorst-van Mil, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen, Albert Hofman, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: Season of birth has repeatedly been found to be a risk indicator for adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Several explanations for this finding have been put forward but no conclusion has been reached. In the current study, we explored the role of sociodemographic and biological factors in the association between season of birth and child IQ. DESIGN: In a prenatally recruited birth cohort (born in 2002-2006), we examined the association between season of birth and non-verbal IQ at age 6 years among 6034 children...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213060/prediction-of-cesarean-delivery-in-the-term-nulliparous-woman-results-from-the-prospective-multi-center-genesis-study
#17
Naomi Burke, Gerard Burke, Fionnuala Breathnach, Fionnuala Mcauliffe, John J Morrison, Michael Turner, Samina Dornan, John R Higgins, Amanda Cotter, Michael Geary, Peter Mcparland, Sean Daly, Fiona Cody, Pat Dicker, Elizabeth Tully, Fergal D Malone
BACKGROUND: In contemporary practice many nulliparous women require intervention during childbirth such as operative vaginal delivery or Cesarean delivery (CD). Despite the knowledge that the rising CD rate is associated with increasing maternal age, obesity and larger infant birthweight, we lack a reliable method to predict the requirement for such potentially hazardous obstetric procedures during labor and delivery. This issue is important as there are higher rates of morbidity and mortality associated with unplanned CD performed in labor compared to scheduled Cesarean deliveries...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212445/long-term-effects-of-fetal-undernutrition-on-rat-heart-role-of-hypertension-and-oxidative-stress
#18
Pilar Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Angel L López de Pablo, Concha F García-Prieto, Beatriz Somoza, Begoña Quintana-Villamandos, José J Gómez de Diego, Perla Y Gutierrez-Arzapalo, David Ramiro-Cortijo, M Carmen González, Silvia M Arribas
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fetal undernutrition is a risk factor for heart disease in both genders, despite the protection of women against hypertension development. Using a rat model of maternal undernutrition (MUN) we aimed to assess possible sex differences in the development of cardiac alterations and the implication of hypertension and cardiac oxidative stress. METHODS: Male and female offspring from rats fed ad libitum (control) or with 50% of the normal daily intake during the second half of gestation (MUN) were used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210508/scoping-review-on-maternal-health-among-immigrant-and-refugee-women-in-canada-prenatal-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care
#19
REVIEW
N Khanlou, N Haque, A Skinner, A Mantini, C Kurtz Landy
The last fifteen years have seen a dramatic increase in both the childbearing age and diversity of women migrating to Canada. The resulting health impact underscores the need to explore access to health services and the related maternal health outcome. This article reports on the results of a scoping review focused on migrant maternal health within the context of accessible and effective health services during pregnancy and following delivery. One hundred and twenty-six articles published between 2000 and 2016 that met our inclusion criteria and related to this group of migrant women, with pregnancy/motherhood status, who were living in Canada, were identified...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209120/factors-influencing-utilisation-of-maternal-health-services-by-adolescent-mothers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#20
Oluwasola Eniola Banke-Thomas, Aduragbemi Oluwabusayo Banke-Thomas, Charles Anawo Ameh
BACKGROUND: Adolescent mothers aged 15-19 years are known to have greater risks of maternal morbidity and mortality compared with women aged 20-24 years, mostly due to their unique biological, sociological and economic status. Nowhere Is the burden of disease greater than in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). Understanding factors that influence adolescent utilisation of essential maternal health services (MHS) would be critical in improving their outcomes. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature for articles published until December 2015 to understand how adolescent MHS utilisation has been assessed in LMICs and factors affecting service utilisation by adolescent mothers...
February 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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