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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054051/the-incidence-and-risk-factors-of-epilepsy-in-children-born-preterm-a-nationwide-register-study
#1
Mikko Hirvonen, Riitta Ojala, Päivi Korhonen, Paula Haataja, Kai Eriksson, Mika Gissler, Tiina Luukkaala, Outi Tammela
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to compare the incidence of epilepsy between very preterm (VP) (<32(+0) weeks), moderately preterm (MP) (32(+0)-33(+6) weeks), late preterm (LP) (34(+0)-36(+6) weeks) and term infants (≥37 weeks) and to establish and compare risk factors of epilepsy in these groups. METHODS: The national register study included all live born infants in Finland in 1991-2008. Excluding infants with missing gestational age, a total of 1,033,349 infants were included in the analysis and they were analyzed in four subgroups (VP, MP, LP and term) and three time periods (1991-1995, 1996-2001 and 2002-2008)...
October 14, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053439/factors-influencing-indonesian-women-s-use-of-maternal-health-care-services
#2
Anna Kurniati, Ching-Min Chen, Ferry Efendi, Sarni Maniar Berliana
Employing the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey data, we aimed to examine factors influencing married women to use maternity services. Data of married women who had given birth in the last five years before the survey were included in the analysis (n = 14,672). Factors of education, employment, women's age at first marriage, age at first birth, spousal education difference, contraceptive use, place of residence, and woman's attitude toward wife beating were associated with the use of antenatal care, institutional delivery, and postnatal care services...
October 20, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053188/trends-in-risk-of-pregnancy-loss-among-us-women-1990-2011
#3
Lauren M Rossen, Katherine A Ahrens, Amy M Branum
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy loss can have physical and psychological consequences for women and their families. Though a previous study described an increase in the risk of self-reported pregnancy loss from 1970 to 2000, more recent examinations from population-based data of US women are lacking. METHODS: We used data from the 1995, 2002, 2006-2010, 2011-2015 National Survey of Family Growth on self-reported pregnancy loss (miscarriage, stillbirth, ectopic pregnancy) among US women (15-44 years) who reported at least one pregnancy conceived during 1990-2011 that did not result in induced termination (n = 20 012 women; n = 42 526 pregnancies)...
October 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052558/cesarean-section-rate-in-singleton-primiparae-and-related-factors-in-beijing-china
#4
Geng Song, Yu-Mei Wei, Wei-Wei Zhu, Hui-Xia Yang
BACKGROUND: The cesarean section rate (CSR) has been a main concern worldwide. The present study aimed to investigate the CSR in Beijing, China, and to analyze the related factors of CS delivery. METHODS: An observational study was conducted in 15 medical centers in Beijing using a systemic cluster sampling method. In total, 15,194 pregnancies were enrolled in the study between June 20, 2013 and November 30, 2013. Independent t-tests and Pearson's Chi-square test were used to examine differences between two groups, and related factors of the CSR were examined by multivariable logistic regression...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051109/spontaneous-intrauterine-depressed-skull-fractures-report-of-two-cases-requiring-neurosurgical-intervention-and-literature-review
#5
Anand Veeravagu, Tej D Azad, Bowen Jiang, Michael S B Edwards
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intrauterine depressed skull fractures (IDSF) are rare fractures that often require neurosurgical evaluation and therapy. The majority of reported congenital depressions are secondary to maternal abdominal trauma or instrumentation during delivery. Spontaneous IDSF occur in the setting of uneventful normal spontaneous vaginal delivery (NSVD) or cesarean section, without obvious predisposing risk factors. The etiology and optimal management of spontaneous IDSF remain controversial...
October 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049932/determinants-of-comorbid-depression-and-anxiety-postnatally-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-chinese-canadian-women
#6
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Susitha Wanigaratne, Simone N Vigod, Sophie Grigoriadis, Kenneth Fung, Flavia Marini, Sarah Brennenstuhl
BACKGROUND: Women with comorbid depression and anxiety in the postpartum period experience more complex and severe symptoms than women with depression or anxiety alone; however, little is known about what influences these symptoms, especially among women from specific ethnic backgrounds. The objective of this study was to identify determinants of comorbid depression and anxiety symptomatology by 24 weeks postpartum in a cohort of Chinese-Canadian women. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was completed where 549 Chinese immigrant and Canadian-born women in Toronto were followed to 24 weeks postpartum...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049059/status-of-high-body-weight-among-nurse-family-partnership-children
#7
William Thorland, Dustin Currie, Claire Colangelo
PURPOSE: Increased prevalence of high levels of body weight in early childhood has become a public health concern, given its potential association with adult obesity and related comorbidities. Both socioeconomic status and race-ethnicity are related to increased prevalence. The purpose of this study was to identify additional risk factors common to children of low-income families; and to guide quality improvement initiatives within home visiting programs, potentially fostering more desirable physical development outcomes...
November 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048726/trends-in-inequalities-in-child-stunting-in-south-asia
#8
Aditi Krishna, Iván Mejía-Guevara, Mark McGovern, Victor Aguayo, S V Subramanian
We analysed socio-economic inequalities in stunting in South Asia and investigated disparities associated with factors at the individual, caregiver, and household levels (poor dietary diversity, low maternal education, and household poverty). We used time-series analysis of data from 55,459 children ages 6-23 months from Demographic and Health Surveys in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan (1991-2014). Logistic regression models, adjusted for age, sex, birth order, and place of residency, examined associations between stunting and multiple types of socio-economic disadvantage...
October 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047365/the-weight-of-work-the-association-between-maternal-employment-and-overweight-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
Vanessa M Oddo, Sara N Bleich, Keshia M Pollack, Pamela J Surkan, Noel T Mueller, Jessica C Jones-Smith
BACKGROUND: Maternal employment has increased in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC) and is a hypothesized risk factor for maternal overweight due to increased income and behavioral changes related to time allocation. However, few studies have investigated this relationship in LMIC. METHODS: Using cross-sectional samples from Demographic and Health Surveys, we investigated the association between maternal employment and overweight (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) among women in 38 LMIC (N = 162,768)...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046480/epigenetic-mechanisms-underlying-maternal-diabetes-associated-risk-of-congenital-heart-disease
#10
Madhumita Basu, Jun-Yi Zhu, Stephanie LaHaye, Uddalak Majumdar, Kai Jiao, Zhe Han, Vidu Garg
Birth defects are the leading cause of infant mortality, and they are caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Environmental risk factors may contribute to birth defects in genetically susceptible infants by altering critical molecular pathways during embryogenesis, but experimental evidence for gene-environment interactions is limited. Fetal hyperglycemia associated with maternal diabetes results in a 5-fold increased risk of congenital heart disease (CHD), but the molecular basis for this correlation is unknown...
October 19, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046229/fetal-overnutrition-and-adolescent-hepatic-fat-fraction-the-exploring-perinatal-outcomes-in-children-study
#11
Anna Bellatorre, Ann Scherzinger, Elizabeth Stamm, Mercedes Martinez, Brandy Ringham, Dana Dabelea
OBJECTIVE: To determine if fetal overnutrition resulting from maternal obesity or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased liver fat during adolescence, adjusting for past and current metabolic risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: Data come from a historical prospective cohort study (Exploring Perinatal Outcomes in Children) of 254 mother-child pairs in Colorado who participated in 2 research visits at T1 (mean age 10.4, SD = 1.5 years) and at T2 (mean age 16...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046132/maternal-breastfeeding-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Ping-Tao Tseng, Yen-Wen Chen, Brendon Stubbs, Andre F Carvalho, Paul Whiteley, Chia-Hung Tang, Wei-Cheng Yang, Tien-Yu Chen, Dian-Jeng Li, Che-Sheng Chu, Wei-Chieh Yang, Hsin-Yi Liang, Ching-Kuan Wu, Cheng-Fang Yen, Pao-Yen Lin
OBJECTIVES: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a group of conditions variably affecting communicative and social interactive abilities presenting alongside behaviors with various restricted and repetitive patterns. In addition to genetic factors that influence the onset of the symptoms, there is growing interest in the potential involvement of non-genetic environmental factors. Some aspects of breastfeeding practices, including rates, timing, or optimality, have been put forward as environmental risk factors for autism...
October 18, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046125/pretreatment-with-n-acetyl-cysteine-suppresses-chronic-reactive-astrogliosis-following-maternal-nanoparticle-exposure-during-gestational-period
#13
Atsuto Onoda, Ken Takeda, Masakazu Umezawa
Early pregnant employees are potentially and unintendedly exposed to industrial chemicals including nanoparticles. Developmental toxicity of nanoparticle exposure has been concerned because exposure to fine particle including carbon black nanoparticle (CB-NP) during the brain developmental stage enhances the risk of brain disorders. Maternal CB-NP exposure dose-dependently induces astrogliosis, which is an abnormal increase in the reactive astrocytes with glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and aquaporin-4 overexpression due to the destruction of nearby neurons and blood vessels...
October 19, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045661/factors-associated-with-malnutrition-among-children-5-years-old-in-burkina-faso-evidence-from-the-demographic-and-health-surveys-iv-2010
#14
Ghislain G Poda, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Jane C-J Chao
Objective: To assess the factors associated with malnutrition among children <5 years in Burkina Faso. Design: This study was based on secondary analysis of cross-sectional population-based data from Burkina-Faso Demographic Health Surveys 2010. Setting: This study was carried out in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Participants: The participants were 6337 children <5 years and their mothers. Main outcome measures: Demographic characteristics, child nutrition and health status, and maternal and household information were collected...
October 17, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045444/the-importance-of-public-health-poverty-reduction-programs-and-women-s-empowerment-in-the-reduction-of-child-stunting-in-rural-areas-of-moramanga-and-morondava-madagascar
#15
Chitale Remonja Rabaoarisoa, Rado Rakotoarison, Nivo Heritiana Rakotonirainy, Reziky Tiandraza Mangahasimbola, Alain Berthin Randrianarisoa, Ronan Jambou, Inès Vigan-Womas, Patrice Piola, Rindra Vatosoa Randremanana
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition accounts for 45% of mortality in children under five years old, despite a global mobilization against chronic malnutrition. In Madagascar, the most recent data show that the prevalence of stunting in children under five years old is still around 47.4%. This study aimed to identify the determinants of stunting in children in rural areas of Moramanga and Morondava districts to target the main areas for intervention. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in children aged from 6 to 59...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045342/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-postpartum-readmission-in-the-united-states-national-surveillance-of-the-revolving-door
#16
Mulubrhan F Mogos, Jason L Salemi, Kiara K Spooner, Barbara L McFarlin, Hamisu H Salihu
OBJECTIVES: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) represent the most common cause of maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality. Yet, the prevalence and cost of postpartum (42-day) readmission (PPR) among HDP-complicated pregnancies in the United States remains unknown. This study provides national prevalence and cost estimates of HDP, and examine factors associated with potentially preventable PPR following HDP-complicated pregnancies. METHOD: The 2013 and 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Databases were used to investigate HDP and PPR among delivery hospitalizations to women aged 15-49 years...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045069/association-of-natural-killer-cell-ligand-polymorphism-hla-c-asn80lys-with-the-development-of-anti-ssa-ro-associated-congenital-heart-block
#17
Hannah C Ainsworth, Miranda C Marion, Tiziana Bertero, Antonio Brucato, Rolando Cimaz, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, Micaela Fredi, Patrick Gaffney, Jennifer Kelly, Kateri Levesque, Alice Maltret, Nathalie Morel, Veronique Ramoni, Amelia Ruffatti, Carl D Langefeld, Jill P Buyon, Robert M Clancy
OBJECTIVE: Fetal exposure to maternal anti-SSA/Ro antibodies is necessary but not sufficient for the development of autoimmune congenital heart block (CHB), suggesting that other factors, such as fetal genetic predisposition, are important. Given the previously described association between major histocompatibility complex alleles and CHB risk, we undertook the present study to test the hypothesis that a variant form of HLA-C Asn80Lys, which binds with high affinity to an inhibitory killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) and thus renders natural killer (NK) cells incapable of restricting inflammation, contributes to the development of CHB...
October 17, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044502/factors-associated-with-patients-with-gestational-diabetes-in-japan-being-at-increased-risk-of-requiring-intensive-care
#18
Hiroshi Yamashita, Ichiro Yasuhi, Yukari Kugishima, So Sugimi, Yasushi Umezaki, Sachie Suga, Masashi Fukuda, Nobuko Kusuda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with high-risk gestational diabetes (GDM) among patients with GDM. METHODS: The present retrospective study included women with singleton pregnancies diagnosed with GDM using International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group criteria at a single tertiary perinatal care center in Japan between July 1, 2010, and October 31, 2014. High-risk GDM was defined as patients who required at least 20 units of insulin therapy a day, delivering a large-for-gestational age neonate regardless of insulin therapy, or both...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043919/beyond-survival-5-year-neurodevelopmental-follow-up-of-a-cohort-of-preterm-infants-in-colombo-sri-lanka
#19
S P Sumanasena, D V Vipulaguna, M M Mendis, N S Gunawardena
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information on long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm neonates in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To describe the developmental attainments of preterm neonates followed up for 5 years and to identify the risk factors for impairment. METHOD: A prospective descriptive cohort study was undertaken in neonates of 34 weeks gestation born within a period of 12 months at a single tertiary maternity and neonatal unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka...
October 18, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043707/congenital-malformations-in-singleton-infants-conceived-by-assisted-reproductive-technologies-and-singleton-infants-by-natural-conception-in-tehran-iran
#20
Ramin Mozafari Kermani, Mansoureh Farhangniya, Seyed Abolhassan Shahzadeh Fazeli, Pezhman Bagheri, Mahnaz Ashrafi, Ahmad Vosough Taqi Dizaj
Background: Multiple pregnancies occur more frequently in assisted reproductive technology (ART) compared to normal conception (NC). It is known that the risk of congenital malformations in a multiple pregnancy are higher than single pregnancy. The aim of this study is to compare congenital malformations in singleton infants conceived by ART to singleton infants conceived naturally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this historical cohort study, we performed a historical cohort study of major congenital malformations (MCM) in 820 singleton births from January 2012 to December 2014...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
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