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Maternal risk factor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471389/the-effect-of-paternal-factors-on-perinatal-and-paediatric-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Nan B Oldereid, Ulla-Britt Wennerholm, Anja Pinborg, Anne Loft, Hannele Laivuori, Max Petzold, Liv Bente Romundstad, Viveca Söderström-Anttila, Christina Bergh
BACKGROUND: Maternal factors, including increasing childbearing age and various life-style factors, are associated with poorer short- and long-term outcomes for children, whereas knowledge of paternal parameters is limited. Recently, increasing paternal age has been associated with adverse obstetric outcomes, birth defects, autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia in children. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: The aim of this systematic review is to describe the influence of paternal factors on adverse short- and long-term child outcomes...
February 15, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471206/state-trait-anxiety-levels-during-pregnancy-and-foetal-parameters-following-intervention-with-music-therapy
#2
J Garcia-Gonzalez, M I Ventura-Miranda, M Requena-Mullor, T Parron-Carreño, R Alarcon-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that anxiety during pregnancy may be a risk factor for the development of alterations in the mental health of the pregnant woman and of obstetric complications. OBJECTIVE: to investigate the effect of music therapy on maternal anxiety, before and after a non-stress test (NST), and the effect of maternal anxiety on the birthing process and birth size. METHODS: 409 nulliparous women coming for routine prenatal care were randomized in the third trimester to receive either music therapy (n = 204) or no music therapy (n = 205) during an NST...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471186/maternal-exposure-to-ambient-pm-10-during-pregnancy-increases-the-risk-of-congenital-heart-defects-evidence-from-machine-learning-models
#3
Zhoupeng Ren, Jun Zhu, Yanfang Gao, Qian Yin, Maogui Hu, Li Dai, Changfei Deng, Lin Yi, Kui Deng, Yanping Wang, Xiaohong Li, Jinfeng Wang
Previous research suggested an association between maternal exposure to ambient air pollutants and risk of congenital heart defects (CHDs), though the effects of particulate matter ≤10μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM10 ) on CHDs are inconsistent. We used two machine learning models (i.e., random forest (RF) and gradient boosting (GB)) to investigate the non-linear effects of PM10 exposure during the critical time window, weeks 3-8 in pregnancy, on risk of CHDs. From 2009 through 2012, we carried out a population-based birth cohort study on 39,053 live-born infants in Beijing...
February 19, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471082/anhedonic-behavior-and-%C3%AE-amino-butyric-acid-during-a-sensitive-period-in-female-rats-exposed-to-early-adversity
#4
Jodi L Lukkes, Shirisha Meda, Kevin J Norman, Susan L Andersen
Early life adversity increases depressive behavior that emerges during adolescence. Sensitive periods have been associated with fewer GABAergic interneurons, especially parvalbumin (PV), brain derived growth factor, and its receptor, TrkB. Here, maternal separation (MS) and social isolation (ISO) were used to establish a sensitive period for anhedonic depression using the learned helplessness (LH) paradigm. Female Sprague-Dawley rat pups underwent MS for 4-h/day or received typical care (CON) between postnatal days 2-20; for the ISO condition, separate cohorts were individually housed between days 20-40 or served as controls (CON2)...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470342/acog-practice-bulletin-no-192-management-of-alloimmunization-during-pregnancy
#5
(no author information available yet)
When any fetal blood group factor inherited from the father is not possessed by the mother, antepartum or intrapartum fetal-maternal bleeding may stimulate an immune reaction in the mother. Maternal immune reactions also can occur from blood product transfusion. The formation of maternal antibodies, or "alloimmunization," may lead to various degrees of transplacental passage of these antibodies into the fetal circulation. Depending on the degree of antigenicity and the amount and type of antibodies involved, this transplacental passage may lead to hemolytic disease in the fetus and neonate...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470338/acog-practice-bulletin-no-192-summary-management-of-alloimmunization-during-pregnancy
#6
(no author information available yet)
When any fetal blood group factor inherited from the father is not possessed by the mother, antepartum or intrapartum fetal-maternal bleeding may stimulate an immune reaction in the mother. Maternal immune reactions also can occur from blood product transfusion. The formation of maternal antibodies, or "alloimmunization," may lead to various degrees of transplacental passage of these antibodies into the fetal circulation. Depending on the degree of antigenicity and the amount and type of antibodies involved, this transplacental passage may lead to hemolytic disease in the fetus and neonate...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469330/-serological-survey-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-women-with-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-longhua-region-hebei-province
#7
Zhang Li-Hong, Liu Gui-Fen, Liu Dong-Mei
OBJECTIVE: To understand the status of Toxoplasma gondii infection in women with adverse pregnancy outcomes in Longhua region, Hebei Province. METHODS: A total of 393 women with adverse pregnancy outcomes were chosen as respondents in the Longhua County Maternal and Child Health Care Center between January 2013 and June 2016 and were divided into an acute infection group, a previous infection group, and an active infection group according to the test results. Totally 256 women without adverse pregnancy outcomes were selected as a control group...
March 17, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468309/factors-associated-with-late-fetal-mortality
#8
Pedro Hidalgo-Lopezosa, Ana Isabel Cobo-Cuenca, Juan Manuel Carmona-Torres, Patricia Luque-Carrillo, Pedro Manuel Rodríguez-Muñoz, María Aurora Rodríguez-Borrego
PURPOSE: Perinatal mortality has been decreasing in Europe thanks to a reduction in neonatal mortality. The causes of fetal mortality remain poorly studied. The objective was to determine the late fetal mortality rate in Spain in 2015 and the associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed using data regarding births in 2015 in Spain extracted from the National Institute of Statistics. Single births at 28 or more weeks of pregnancy were included...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467433/trend-and-risk-factors-of-low-birth-weight-and-macrosomia-in-south-china-2005-2017-a-retrospective-observational-study
#9
Jiaming Rao, Dazhi Fan, Shuzhen Wu, Dongxin Lin, Huishan Zhang, Shaoxin Ye, Xin Luo, Lijuan Wang, Jianwei Yang, Minhui Pang, Jiayi Zhang, Qing Xia, Xiaoke Yang, Wen Wang, Yao Fu, Yan Liu, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
The percentages of low birth weight (LBW) increased from 7.7% in 2005 to 11.3% in 2011 and declined to 8.1% in 2017. For very low birth weight (VLBW) individuals, the proportion declined -1.0% annually, from 2.5% in 2005 to 1.4% in 2017. Among moderately low birth weight (MLBW) individuals, the proportion first increased 12.8% annually, from 5.0% in 2005 to 9.3% in 2011, and then declined -3.8% annually, from 9.4% in 2011 to 7.0% in 2017. The percentages of macrosomia monotone decreased from 4.0% in 2005 to 2...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466996/-just-because-she-s-young-it-doesn-t-mean-she-has-to-die-exploring-the-contributing-factors-to-high-maternal-mortality-in-adolescents-in-eastern-freetown-a-qualitative-study
#10
Lucy November, Jane Sandall
BACKGROUND: In Sierra Leone, 34% of pregnancies and 40% of maternal deaths are in the adolescent population. Risks are known to be higher for younger adolescents, this being borne out by a household survey in Eastern Freetown in 2015. This current qualitative study, funded by Wellbeing of Women's international midwifery fellowship, was conducted to explore the causes of this high incidence of maternal death for younger teenagers, and to identify possible interventions to improve outcomes...
February 21, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466515/individual-deprivation-regional-deprivation-and-risk-for-oral-clefts-in-argentina
#11
Mariela Soledad Pawluk, Hebe Campaña, Monica Rittler, Fernando Adrián Poletta, Viviana R Cosentino, Juan Antonio Gili, Lucas Gabriel Gimenez, Jorge Santiago López Camelo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of individual low socioeconomic status (SES) and deprived geographical area (GA) on the occurrence of isolated cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL±P) in Argentina. METHODS: This case-control study included 577 newborns with isolated CL±P and 13 344 healthy controls, born between 1992 and 2001, from a total population of 546 129 births in 39 hospitals in Argentina. Census data on unsatisfied basic needs were used to establish the degree of geographical area deprivation...
February 19, 2018: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466290/different-risk-factors-for-very-low-birth-weight-term-small-for-gestational-age-or-preterm-birth-in-japan
#12
Naomi Tamura, Tomoyuki Hanaoka, Kumiko Ito, Atsuko Araki, Chihiro Miyashita, Sachiko Ito, Hisanori Minakami, Kazutoshi Cho, Toshiaki Endo, Kazuo Sengoku, Katsuhiko Ogasawara, Reiko Kishi
From 1985 to 2013, the mean birth weight of infants in Japan decreased from 3120 g to 3000 g, and the low-birth-weight rate among live births increased from 6.3% to 9.6%. No prospective study has elucidated the risk factors for poor fetal growth and preterm birth in recent Japanese parents, such as increased parental age, maternal body figure, assisted reproductive technology (ART), and socioeconomic status. Participants were mother-infant pairs ( n = 18,059) enrolled in a prospective birth cohort in Hokkaido, Japan from 2002 to 2013...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465662/social-vulnerability-in-congenital-syphilis-case-mothers-qualitative-assessment-of-cases-in-indiana-2014-2016
#13
Dawne DiOrio, Karen Kroeger, Amara Ross
BACKGROUND: Congenital syphilis occurs when a pregnant woman with syphilis is not diagnosed or treated and the infection is passed in utero, causing severe infant morbidity and mortality. Congenital syphilis is easily prevented if women receive timely and adequate prenatal care. Cases of congenital syphilis are considered indicators of problems in the safety net. However, maternal social and behavioral factors can impede women's care, even when providers follow guidelines. METHODS: We reviewed case interviews and maternal records for 23 congenital syphilis cases reported to CDC from Indiana between 2014 and 2016...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463626/maternal-and-paternal-height-and-the-risk-of-preeclampsia
#14
Yunsung Lee, Per Magnus
The etiology of preeclampsia is unknown. Tall women have been found to have lower incidence of preeclampsia. This points to a possible biological causal effect but may be because of socioeconomic confounding. We used paternal height as an unexposed control to examine confounding. The MoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study) was used to extract data on parental heights, maternal prepregnancy weight, other background factors, and pregnancy outcomes for 99 968 singleton births. Multiple logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios for preeclampsia according to parental height...
February 20, 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463221/determinants-of-antenatal-depression-and-postnatal-depression-in-australia
#15
Felix Akpojene Ogbo, John Eastwood, Alexandra Hendry, Bin Jalaludin, Kingsley E Agho, Bryanne Barnett, Andrew Page
BACKGROUND: Depression is a leading source of morbidity and health loss in Australian women. This study investigates the determinants of antenatal depressive symptoms and postnatal depressive symptoms in an Australian population, including people from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds. METHOD: The study used a retrospective cohort of mothers of all live births in public health facilities in 2014 (N = 17,564) within South Western Sydney Local Health District and Sydney Local Health District in New South Wales, Australia...
February 20, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462922/differential-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-status-and-placental-transport-in-adolescent-pregnancies
#16
Fernanda Carrilho Pinto da Fonseca, Daniela de Barros Mucci, Renata Pereira Assumpção, Henrique Marcondes, Fátima Lúcia de Carvalho Sardinha, Simone Vargas Silva, Marta Citelli, Maria das Graças Tavares do Carmo
Adolescent pregnancy increases risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. Placental delivery of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) is essential for fetal growth and development. In this pilot study, we aimed to assess maternal and fetal status of fatty acids (FA) measured at birth and the expression of key genes involved in FA uptake, transport and metabolism in the placenta of fifteen adolescents and fifteen adults. FA were quantified by gas-liquid chromatography. Placental expression of FA transporters was assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) was quantified by Western Blot...
February 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461178/correlates-and-predictors-of-new-mothers-responses-to-postpartum-thoughts-of-accidental-and-intentional-harm-and-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms
#17
Nichole Fairbrother, Dana S Thordarson, Fiona L Challacombe, John K Sakaluk
BACKGROUND: Unwanted, intrusive thoughts of infant-related harm are a normal, albeit distressing experience for most new mothers. The occurrence of these thoughts can represent a risk factor for the development of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). As the early postpartum period represents a time of increased risk for OCD development, the transition to parenthood provides a unique opportunity to better understand OCD development. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to assess components of cognitive behavioural conceptualizations of postpartum OCD in relation to new mothers' thoughts of infant-related harm...
February 20, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460217/maternal-sociodemographic-characteristics-experiences-and-health-behaviors-associated-with-postpartum-care-utilization-evidence-from-maryland-prams-dataset-2012-2013
#18
Isabel Morgan, Mary Elizabeth Hughes, Harolyn Belcher, Laurens Holmes
Objectives Postpartum visits are increasingly recognized as a window of opportunity for health care providers to counsel new mothers and promote healthy behaviors, including increasing contraceptive use and screening for postpartum depression. In Maryland, there is a lack of research on postpartum visit (PPV) attendance and the specific risk factors associated with not receiving postpartum care. In this study, we estimated the proportion of mothers in Maryland who attended a PPV and assessed maternal sociodemographic characteristics and health behaviors associated with PPV non-attendance...
February 19, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459981/association-between-prenatal-valproate-exposure-and-performance-on-standardized-language-and-mathematics-tests-in-school-aged-children
#19
Lars Skou Elkjær, Bodil Hammer Bech, Yuelian Sun, Thomas Munk Laursen, Jakob Christensen
Importance: Valproate sodium is used for the treatment of epilepsy and other neuropsychiatric disorders in women of childbearing potential. However, there are concerns about impaired cognitive development in children who have been exposed to valproate during pregnancy. Objective: To estimate the association between long-term school performance and prenatal exposure to valproate and a number of other antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Design, Setting, and Participants: In a prospective, population-based cohort study conducted from August 1, 2015, to May 31, 2017, data used in the study were provided by Statistics Denmark on April 15, 2016...
February 19, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459942/roles-of-birth-mode-and-infant-gut-microbiota-in-intergenerational-transmission-of-overweight-and-obesity-from-mother-to-offspring
#20
Hein M Tun, Sarah L Bridgman, Radha Chari, Catherine J Field, David S Guttman, Allan B Becker, Piush J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Padmaja Subbarao, Malcolm R Sears, James A Scott, Anita L Kozyrskyj
Importance: Maternal overweight, which often results in cesarean delivery, is a strong risk factor for child overweight. Little is known about the joint contribution of birth mode and microbiota in the infant gut to the association between maternal prepregnancy overweight and child overweight. Objective: To investigate the association of birth mode with microbiota in the infant gut, and whether this mediates the association between maternal and child overweight...
February 19, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
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