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Maternal risk factor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106811/prevalence-and-social-risk-factors-for-hearing-impairment-in-chinese-children-a-national-survey
#1
Chunfeng Yun, Zhenjie Wang, Jiamin Gao, Ping He, Chao Guo, Gong Chen, Xiaoying Zheng
Hearing impairment may affect children's communication skills, social development, and educational achievement. Little is known about the prevalence of hearing impairment among Chinese children. Data were taken from the 2006 second China National Survey on Disability (CNSD). Hearing impairment was defined as moderate (41-60 dB HL), severe (61-80 dB HL), profound (81-90 dB HL), or complete (>91 dB HL). Logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). A weighted number of 567,915 hearing impairment children were identified, yielding a prevalence of 17...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104545/trial-of-labour-and-vaginal-birth-after-previous-caesarean-section-a-population-based-study-of-eastern-african-immigrants-in-victoria-australia
#2
Fetene B Belihu, Rhonda Small, Mary-Ann Davey
OBJECTIVES: Variations in caesarean section (CS) between some immigrant groups and receiving country populations have been widely reported. Often, African immigrant women are at higher risk of CS than the receiving population in developed countries. However, evidence about subsequent mode of birth following CS for African women post-migration is lacking. The objective of this study was to examine differences in attempted and successful vaginal birth after previous caesarean (VBAC) for Eastern African immigrants (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan) compared with Australian-born women...
January 3, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104401/leading-causes-of-preterm-delivery-as-risk-factors-for-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-very-preterm-infants-results-of-the-epipage-2-cohort-study
#3
Marie Chevallier, Thierry Debillon, Veronique Pierrat, Pierre Delorme, Gilles Kayem, Mélanie Durox, François Goffinet, Stephane Marret, Pierre Yves Ancel
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular hemorrhage is a major risk factor for neurodevelopmental disabilities in preterm infants. However, few studies have investigated how pregnancy complications responsible for preterm delivery are related to intraventricular hemorrhage. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the main causes of preterm delivery and intraventricular hemorrhage in very preterm infants born in France during 2011 between 22 and 31 weeks of gestation...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104278/review-is-rapid-fat-accumulation-in-early-life-associated-with-adverse-later-health-outcomes
#4
REVIEW
Abirami Ratnasingham, Yvonne A Eiby, Marloes Dekker Nitert, Timothy Donovan, Barbara E Lingwood
This review discusses ways in which the maternal environment and placental function affect the birth weight and adult health outcomes of offspring. These maternal and placental factors have varying and sometimes opposing effects on birth weight, resulting in infants that are born small for gestational age (SGA), large for gestational age (LGA) or preterm. However, all these alterations in weight have similar effects on adult health, increasing the risk of obesity and its associated cardiovascular and metabolic disorders...
January 11, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103590/risk-factors-for-intrapartum-fever-in-term-gestations-and-associated-maternal-and-neonatal-sequelae
#5
Angela P H Burgess, Justin E Katz, Michael Moretti, Nisha Lakhi
AIM: To determine factors associated with intrapartum fever and to examine associated maternal and neonatal outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients between 360/7 and 420/7 gestational weeks who entered spontaneous or induced active labor and developed temperature ≥38°C; a similar group that did not develop fever were controls. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed with p < 0.05 as significant. RESULTS: Fifty-four febrile patients and 306 nonfebrile controls met inclusion criteria...
January 20, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103130/serum-progesterone-levels-in-pregnant-women-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-case-control-study
#6
Jennifer Lee, Elizabeth E Eklund, Geralyn Lambert-Messerlian, Glenn E Palomaki, Kristen Butterfield, Patrizia Curran, Ghada Bourjeily
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a risk factor for sleep disordered breathing, including obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Progesterone, one of the key hormones in pregnancy, a known respiratory drive stimulant, increases ventilation and may protect against OSA. We aimed to examine the relationship between circulating progesterone and OSA, after accounting for body weight and gestational age. METHODS: A case control study was conducted of pregnant women with OSA and those at low risk for the disorder...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102992/environmental-factors-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-scoping-review-for-the-years-2003-2013
#7
M Ng, J G de Montigny, M Ofner, M T Do
INTRODUCTION: The number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been rapidly rising in the past decade. The etiology of this disorder, however, is largely unknown, although the environmental relative to the genetic contribution is substantial. We conducted a scoping review to comprehensively assess the current state of knowledge of the environmental factors present from preconception to early life associated with ASD, and to identify research gaps. METHODS: We searched electronic databases MEDLINE, PsycINFO and ERIC for articles on potential risk factors or protective factors from the physical and social environments associated with ASD and its subclassifications published between 1 January, 2003, and 12 July, 2013...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102505/maternal-characteristics-and-incidence-of-overweight-obesity-in-children-a-13-year-follow-up-study-in-an-eastern-mediterranean-population
#8
Sara Jalali-Farahani, Parisa Amiri, Behnood Abbasi, Mehrdad Karimi, Leila Cheraghi, Maryam Sadat Daneshpour, Fereidoun Azizi
Objectives To investigate clustering of parental sociobehavioral factors and their relationship with the incidence of overweight and obesity in Iranian children. Methods Demographics, body weight, and certain medical characteristics of the parents of 2999 children were used to categorize parents by cluster; children's weights were assessed for each cluster. Specifically, survival analysis and Cox regression models were used to test the effect of parental clustering on the incidence of childhood overweight and obesity...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102228/maternal-immune-activation-causes-behavioral-impairments-and-altered-cerebellar-cytokine-and-synaptic-protein-expression
#9
Gurudutt Pendyala, Shinnyi Chou, Yoosun Jung, Pierluca Coiro, Elizabeth Spartz, Ragunathan Padmashri, Ming Li, Anna Dunaevsky
Emerging epidemiology studies indicate that maternal immune activation (MIA) resulting from inflammatory stimuli such as viral or bacterial infections during pregnancy serves as a risk factor for multiple neurodevelopmental disorders including autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia. Although alterations in the cortex and hippocampus of MIA offspring have been described, less evidence exists on the impact on the cerebellum. Here, we report altered expression of cytokines and chemokines in the cerebellum of MIA offspring, including increase in the neuroinflammatory cytokine TNF-α and its receptor TNFR1...
January 19, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100703/paternal-epigenetic-programming-evolving-metabolic-disease-risk
#10
Suzy Sj Hur, Jennifer E Cropley, Catherine M Suter
Parental health or exposures can affect the lifetime health outcomes of offspring, independently of inherited genotypes. Such 'epigenetic' effects occur over a broad range of environmental stressors, including defects in parental metabolism. While maternal metabolic effects are well documented, it has only recently been established that that there is also an independent paternal contribution to long-term metabolic health. Both paternal undernutrition and overnutrition can induce metabolic phenotypes in immediate offspring, and in some cases the induced phenotype can affect multiple generations, implying inheritance of an acquired trait...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100386/-effect-of-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinas-1-2-expression-and-hpv16-infection-and-their-interaction-in-progression-of-cervical-cancerization
#11
S L Fan, L Ding, Z Y Ren, X Chen, X S Sun, C C Li, C L Liu, W L Jia, Q L Li, J T Wang
Objective: To investigate the effect of ERK1/2 protein expression and HPV16 infection, as well as their interaction in the cervical carcinogenesis. Methods: A total of 176 patients, including 34 cases with normal cervix (NC), 26 cases with cervical intraepithelial neoplasm Ⅰ (CIN Ⅰ), 57 cases with cervical intraepithelial neoplasm Ⅱ/Ⅲ (CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ) and 59 cases with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), were enrolled from Shanxi Tumor Hospital, Shanxi Maternal and Child Health Center, Jincheng Coal General Hospital from September 2013 to March 2014...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100322/-association-between-risk-factors-during-maternal-pregnancy-and-the-neonatal-period-and-childhood-bronchial-asthma
#12
Hui-Qin Zhang, Rui Fan, Jing-Jing Zhang, Xiao-Juan Tao, Xin Sun
OBJECTIVE: To study the association of the risk factors during maternal pregnancy and the neonatal period with childhood bronchial asthma. METHODS: A total of 306 children with asthma (asthma group) and 250 healthy children (control group) were enrolled. Their clinical data during the neonatal period and the maternal data during pregnancy were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: The univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in the rates of maternal use of antibiotics during pregnancy, use of antibiotics and probiotics during the neonatal period, preterm birth, cesarean section, low birth weight, and breast feeding (>6 months) between the asthma and control groups (P<0...
January 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100290/familial-confounding-of-the-association-between-maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-internalizing-disorders-in-offspring
#13
S M Meier, K J Plessen, F Verhulst, O Mors, P B Mortensen, C B Pedersen, E Agerbo
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking has consistently been associated with multiple adverse childhood outcomes including externalizing disorders. In contrast the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) and internalizing (anxiety and depressive) disorders in offspring has received less investigation. METHOD: We conducted a nationwide cohort study including 957635 individuals born in Denmark between 1991 and 2007. Data on MSDP and diagnoses of depression or anxiety disorders were derived from national registers and patients were followed up from the age of 5 years to the end of 2012...
January 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099729/maternal-c-reactive-protein-and-oxidative-stress-markers-as-predictors-of-delivery-latency-in-patients-experiencing-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes
#14
Hyun Kyung Ryu, Jong Ho Moon, Hyun Ji Heo, Jong Woon Kim, Yoon Ha Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of maternal serum c-reactive protein (CRP), lipid peroxide, and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), to predict the interval between membrane rupture and delivery in patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS: The present prospective study included patients with singleton pregnancies experiencing PPROM at earlier than 34 weeks of pregnancy who underwent spontaneous vaginal delivery between August 1, 2010 and July 31, 2013 at Chonnam National University Hospital, Republic of Korea...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099722/risk-of-cesarean-delivery-among-pregnant-women-with-class-iii-obesity
#15
Yves Borghesi, Julien Labreuche, Alain Duhamel, Marie Pigeyre, Philippe Deruelle
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with cesarean delivery among women with class III obesity attempting vaginal delivery. METHODS: In a retrospective study, medical charts were reviewed for women aged 18 years or older with a singleton pregnancy of at least 37 weeks and a body mass index (calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) of 40 or higher who were eligible to attempt vaginal delivery at a maternity hospital in Lille, France, between 1999 and 2012...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099693/factors-associated-with-maternal-mortality-among-patients-meeting-criteria-of-severe-maternal-morbidity-and-near-miss
#16
Hesly M P Lima, Francisco Herlânio C Carvalho, Francisco Edson L Feitosa, George C Nunes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors associated with maternal death among women experiencing life-threatening conditions during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data prospectively collected in a Brazilian multicenter cross-sectional study between July 2009 and June 2010 was conducted. Women were identified who delivered at a hospital in Ceará and who had potentially life-threatening conditions. Stepwise logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with maternal death...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099684/a-multistate-population-based-analysis-of-linked-maternal-and-neonatal-discharge-records-to-identify-risk-factors-for-neonatal-brachial-plexus-injury
#17
Michael D Freeman, Shaun M Goodyear, Wendy M Leith
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the interaction and contribution of maternal and fetal risk factors associated with neonatal brachial plexus injury (BPI). METHODS: In a case-control study, matched maternal and neonatal discharge records were accessed from US State Inpatient Databases for New Jersey (2010-2012), Michigan (2010-2011), and Hawaii (2010-2011). Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to evaluate associations between risk factors and BPI. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to build predictive models, including two stratified models evaluating deliveries among obese and diabetic cohorts...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099637/factors-associated-with-maternal-death-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#18
Suzanne Vieira Saintrain, Juliana Gomes Ramalho de Oliveira, Maria Vieira de Lima Saintrain, Zenilda Vieira Bruno, Juliana Lima Nogueira Borges, Elizabeth De Francesco Daher, Geraldo Bezerra da Silva
Objective: To identify factors associated with maternal death in patients admitted to an intensive care unit. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a maternal intensive care unit. All medical records of patients admitted from January 2012 to December 2014 were reviewed. Pregnant and puerperal women were included; those with diagnoses of hydatidiform mole, ectopic pregnancy, or anembryonic pregnancy were excluded, as were patients admitted for non-obstetrical reasons...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099047/factors-influencing-the-breastfeeding-practices-of-young-mothers-living-in-a-maternity-shelter
#19
Rosann Edwards, Wendy E Peterson, Joy Noel-Weiss, Cathryn Shearer Fortier
BACKGROUND: Young mothers have the lowest breastfeeding rates in Canada. Young mothers and their infants who access maternity shelters are especially at risk for poor outcomes, some of which breastfeeding may help to mitigate, yet little is known of the breastfeeding practices of this population. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to answer the research question, "What factors influence the breastfeeding practices of young mothers who live or have lived in a maternity shelter?" METHODS: The study was conducted using interpretive description methodology and inductive content analysis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098957/the-risk-factors-for-postpartum-depression-a-population-based-study
#20
Michael E Silverman, Abraham Reichenberg, David A Savitz, Sven Cnattingius, Paul Lichtenstein, Christina M Hultman, Henrik Larsson, Sven Sandin
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) can result in negative personal and child developmental outcomes. Only a few large population-based studies of PPD have used clinical diagnoses of depression and no study has examined how a maternal depression history interacts with known risk factors. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of a depression history on PPD and pre- and perinatal risk factors. METHODS: A nationwide prospective cohort study of all women with live singleton births in Sweden from 1997 through 2008 was conducted...
January 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
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