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Rehabilitation Counseling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078408/-rehabilitation-in-children-and-adults-an-overview
#1
A Illg
BACKGROUND: The rehabilitation of patients with hearing loss includes technical, medical, and therapeutic education interventions. The success of cochlear implant (CI) treatment depends on joint coordination and execution of all measures. During the history of CI, expansion of the spectrum of indication criteria has led to evolution of auditory-verbal therapy, speech therapy, and auditory training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper describes the current status of therapeutic knowledge and experience of hearing and speech therapeutic rehabilitation in children and adults...
January 11, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075207/perceived-needs-for-different-components-in-a-rehabilitation-program-among-cancer-survivors-with-chronic-fatigue-compared-to-survivors-without-chronic-fatigue
#2
Gunhild M Gjerset, Jon H Loge, Cecilie E Kiserud, Sophie D Fosså, Sævar B Gudbergsson, Line M Oldervoll, Torbjørn Wisløff, Lene Thorsen
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the user' needs is important to develop targeted rehabilitation for cancer patients with chronic fatigue (CF). The aims of the study were to examine prevalence of CF in cancer survivors attending an one-week inpatient educational program (IEP) and to identify characteristics of those with CF. Further to examine the perceived needs for different components in a rehabilitation program, need of complex rehabilitation (at least two components) and aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among survivors with CF versus those without CF...
January 11, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068863/an-exploratory-study-investigating-the-multidimensional-factors-impacting-the-health-and-well-being-of-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#3
Susan E Sienko
BACKGROUND: For young adults with cerebral palsy, changes in psychological and social development, in conjunction with the progression of musculoskeletal deformities and the onset of secondary conditions, make the transition to adulthood a difficult developmental phase. Preliminary evidence shows that many of the physical impairments reported in adults with cerebral palsy begin during late adolescence; however, there is little information about prevalence of impairments and the combined role impairments, psychological and social factors have on the health and well-being of young adults with cerebral palsy...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067750/unilateral-hearing-loss-understanding-speech-recognition-and-localization-variability-implications-for-cochlear-implant-candidacy
#4
Jill B Firszt, Ruth M Reeder, Laura K Holden
OBJECTIVES: At a minimum, unilateral hearing loss (UHL) impairs sound localization ability and understanding speech in noisy environments, particularly if the loss is severe to profound. Accompanying the numerous negative consequences of UHL is considerable unexplained individual variability in the magnitude of its effects. Identification of covariables that affect outcome and contribute to variability in UHLs could augment counseling, treatment options, and rehabilitation. Cochlear implantation as a treatment for UHL is on the rise yet little is known about factors that could impact performance or whether there is a group at risk for poor cochlear implant outcomes when hearing is near-normal in one ear...
November 4, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052319/treatment-and-management-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-all-roads-lead-to-rome
#5
REVIEW
Jesus Castro-Marrero, Naia Sáez-Francàs, Dafna Santillo, Jose Alegre
This comprehensive review explores the current evidence on benefits and harms of therapeutic interventions in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) and makes recommendations. CFS/ME is a complex, multi-system, chronic medical condition whose pathophysiology remains unknown. No established diagnostic tests exist; nor are any FDA-approved drugs available for treatment. Because of the range of symptoms of CFS/ME, treatment approaches vary widely. Studies undertaken have heterogeneous designs and are limited by sample size, length of follow-up, applicability and methodological quality...
January 4, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044436/evaluation-of-a-self-efficacy-enhancement-program-to-prevent-pressure-ulcers-in-patients-with-a-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Jung Yoon Kim, Eunhee Cho
AIM: This study developed a self-efficacy enhancement program and evaluated its effects on the self-care behaviors, self-care knowledge, and self-efficacy regarding pressure ulcer prevention in patients with a spinal cord injury. METHODS: This was a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Six hospitals were invited to recruit patients with a spinal cord injury who were undergoing rehabilitation after receiving acute treatment. These hospitals were randomly allocated into experimental (three hospitals) or control (three hospitals) groups and 47 patients participated (24 in the experimental group and 23 in the control group)...
January 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043504/rehabilitation-of-treated-tb-patients-social-psychological-and-economic-aspects
#7
Blessina Amulya Kumar
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To highlight the need for post-treatment rehabilitation of TB patient; including social psychological and economic aspects. METHODS: Patient interaction, informal interviews, field observations and secondary research. The minimum duration of treatment (for drug-susceptible TB) is 6months. Treatment for drug-resistant TB can be from anywhere between 18 and 24months. In some cases treatment can last for more than 5years. Despite this, little attention is given to the social, psychological and economic impact extended treatment can have on the lives of individuals...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029067/the-relationship-between-the-implementation-and-effectiveness-of-a-nationwide-physical-activity-telephone-counseling-service-for-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury
#8
Jennifer R Tomasone, Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
PURPOSE: Get in Motion (GIM) is an evidence-based telephone counseling service that promotes leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) among Canadian adults with spinal cord injury (SCI). The first phase of GIM sustained intentions for, and increased participation in, LTPA; however, it is unclear how GIM led to these outcomes. The purpose of this study was to explore the implementation correlates of change in LTPA intentions and behavior in the second phase of GIM. METHODS: The frequency, duration, and content of counseling sessions were tailored to meet clients' (N = 46; 50...
December 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028569/functional-testing-and-return-to-sport-following-stabilization-surgery-for-recurrent-lateral-patellar-instability-in-competitive-athletes
#9
Aaron J Krych, Michael P O'Malley, Nick R Johnson, Rohith Mohan, Timothy E Hewett, Michael J Stuart, Diane L Dahm
PURPOSE: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction and tibial tubercle osteotomy are commonly used to treat recurrent lateral patellar instability, yet there are limited available data on return to sport (RTS) following these procedures. The purpose of this study is to evaluate patient factors associated with excellent functional outcomes, including successful RTS, following surgical stabilization including MPFL reconstruction in competitive athletes with recurrent lateral patellar instability...
December 27, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005111/instability-after-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-which-patients-dislocate
#10
Eric M Padegimas, Benjamin M Zmistowski, Camilo Restrepo, Joseph A Abboud, Mark D Lazarus, Matthew L Ramsey, Gerald R Williams, Surena Namdari
Given the increasing use of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA), it is important to study the complications associated with this procedure. We conducted a study of the incidence, predisposing factors, and treatment of RTSA dislocations. Using our institutional database, we retrospectively searched for RTSAs performed between September 27, 2010 and December 31, 2013 and identified postoperative dislocations. Four hundred eighty-seven patients underwent 510 RTSAs (393 primary, 117 revision). Fourteen patients had 15 dislocations (5 in primary RTSAs, 10 in revision RTSAs)...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994822/the-effect-of-nutrition-consultation-on-dietary-diversity-score-of-cardiac-patients-referred-to-cardiac-rehabilitation-research-center-isfahan-cardiovascular-research-institute-during-2008-2013
#11
Sepideh Mehrabani, Noushin Mohammadifard, Sanaz Mehrabani, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Firouzeh Sajjadi, Maryam Maghroun, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Seyyed Morteza Safavi
BACKGROUND: Dietary diversity score (DDS) measurement was used to assessment of diet quality in different disease like cardiovascular disease. One way to improve the cardiovascular patient's ability is cardiac rehabilitation program that include exercise training, nutrition consultation and psychological treatment. No study was designed to compare the DDS before and after dietary consultation among cardiac rehabilitation patients, so this study was designed to examine this purpose. METHODS: Subjects were participated in the 2-month cardiac rehabilitation program...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994451/exercise-training-alone-or-with-the-addition-of-activity-counseling-improves-physical-activity-levels-in-copd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
REVIEW
Aroub Lahham, Christine F McDonald, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is associated with poor outcomes in COPD, and as a result, interventions to improve physical activity (PA) are a current research focus. However, many trials have been small and inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to study the effects of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) targeting PA in COPD. METHODS: Databases (Physiotherapy Evidence Database [PEDro], Embase, MEDLINE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Central Register for Controlled Trials) were searched using the following keywords: "COPD", "intervention" and "physical activity" from inception to May 20, 2016; published RCTs that aimed to increase PA in individuals with COPD were included...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964962/improving-community-ambulation-after-hip-fracture-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
D Orwig, K K Mangione, M Baumgarten, M Terrin, R Fortinsky, A M Kenny, A L Gruber-Baldini, B Beamer, Ana Tosteson, M Shardell, L Magder, E Binder, K Koval, B Resnick, R L Craik, J Magaziner
INTRODUCTION: After a hip fracture in older persons, significant disability often remains; dependency in functional activities commonly persists beyond 3 months after surgery. Endurance, dynamic balance, quadriceps strength, and function are compromised, and contribute to an inability to walk independently in the community. In the United States, people aged 65 years and older are eligible to receive Medicare funding for physiotherapy for a limited time after a hip fracture. A goal of outpatient physiotherapy is independent and safe household ambulation 2 to 3 months after surgery...
January 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951605/-the-brain-injured-relationship-neuropsychological-rehabilitation-counselling-and-therapy-of-couples-and-families
#14
T Müller
A brain-injured patient's system of relationships is severely disbalanced, and seeks a new equilibrium very much like a kinetic mobile sculpture responding to an impulse. Thus, it is not only the deficits in the patients and their environment and resources that define the success of participation in the process of rehabilitation. Fundamentally, it relies on stable and adjustable relationships as well as trustful communication in the patients' social systems. Negotiating participation is a concerted, interactive adjustment process for everyone involved in dealing with a disruptive life event...
December 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931883/quality-of-counselling-for-knee-and-shoulder-arthroscopy-patients-during-day-surgery
#15
Pirjo Kaakinen, Helka Ervasti, Maria Kääriäinen
BACKGROUND: Counselling for day surgery patients is one of the core components for a knee or shoulder arthroscopy patient to succeed in self-care. AIM: This cross-sectional study examined the quality of counselling given to patients (n = 86) during their day surgery, using the Counselling Quality Instrument (CQI). METHODS: The data were analysed using basic and multivariate statistical methods. RESULTS: Most respondents were male and aged over 50 years...
February 2017: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929355/global-physical-activity-levels-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Davy Vancampfort, James Mugisha, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Joseph Firth, Paul Gorczynski, Brendon Stubbs
PURPOSE: It is unclear how much physical activity people living with HIV (PLWH) engage in. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate physical activity levels and its predictors in PLWH. METHODS: PubMed, PsycARTICLES, and CINAHL Plus were searched by two independent reviewers from inception till 1 April 2016 using the keywords: "HIV" OR "AIDS" AND "physical activity" OR "exercise" OR "sports". A random effects meta-analysis was conducted. RESULTS: Across 24 studies including 34 physical activity levels there were 3780 (2471♂) PLWH (mean age range: 37-58 years)...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928825/patient-involvement-in-own-rehabilitation-after-early-discharge
#17
Britta Hørdam, Merete Watt Boolsen
BACKGROUND: A European Union Commission report in 2015 concluded that the concept of patient involvement refers specially to the right of patients to have a central position in the healthcare process (EU Commission 2012, http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/quali/ql_5937_patient_en.pdf). Recent research suggests that patient involvement after hip replacement is a very effective strategy in older adults with regard to improving walking ability and reducing pain and thereby lessening loss of physical, mental and social aspects of the quality of life...
December 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890951/a-situational-analysis-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-issues-in-physically-challenged-people-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-new-delhi
#18
Utkarsha Agarwal, Sumathi Muralidhar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Physically challenged people constitute the most stigmatized sections of society, and are excluded from outreach programs, besides being considered sexually inactive. They have unaddressed sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRH) issues, predisposing them to sexual abuse and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The huge paucity of data in this field prompted us to undertake this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 100 people with more than 40% of permanent disability, attending various out/inpatient facilities of a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi, India...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855953/increasing-cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-from-20-to-70-a-road-map-from-the-million-hearts-cardiac-rehabilitation-collaborative
#19
REVIEW
Philip A Ades, Steven J Keteyian, Janet S Wright, Larry F Hamm, Karen Lui, Kimberly Newlin, Donald S Shepard, Randal J Thomas
The primary aim of the Million Hearts initiative is to prevent 1 million cardiovascular events over 5 years. Concordant with the Million Hearts' focus on achieving more than 70% performance in the "ABCS" of aspirin for those at risk, blood pressure control, cholesterol management, and smoking cessation, we outline the cardiovascular events that would be prevented and a road map to achieve more than 70% participation in cardiac rehabilitation (CR)/secondary prevention programs by the year 2022. Cardiac rehabilitation is a class Ia recommendation of the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology after myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization, promotes the ABCS along with lifestyle counseling and exercise, and is associated with decreased total mortality, cardiac mortality, and rehospitalizations...
November 14, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832328/-ophthalmological-rehabilitation-of-visually-impaired-children
#20
E K Altpeter, N X Nguyen
BACKGROUND: There are very few studies on visually impaired children in Germany; therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the current spectrum of diseases of visually impaired children and the care of these children in schools and kindergartens with aids and integrative support. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study all children (n =303) who attended the outpatient department for the visually impaired of the University Eye Hospital Tübingen in 2013 and 2014 were evaluated...
November 10, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
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