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Rehabilitation Counseling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750973/effects-of-nutritional-prehabilitation-with-and-without-exercise-on-outcomes-of-patients-who-undergo-colorectal-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Chelsia Gillis, Katherine Buhler, Lauren Bresee, Francesco Carli, Leah Gramlich, Nicole Culos-Reed, Tolulope T Sajobi, Tanis R Fenton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Although there have been meta-analyses of the effects of exercise prehabilitation on patients undergoing colorectal surgery, little is known about the effects of nutrition-only (oral nutritional supplements and/or counseling) and multi-modal (oral nutritional supplements and/or counseling with exercise) prehabilitation on clinical outcomes and patient function after surgery. We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis to determine the individual and combined effects of nutrition-only and multi-modal prehabilitation, compared with no prehabilitation (control), on outcomes of patients undergoing colorectal resection...
May 8, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739725/surgical-outcomes-for-patients-diagnosed-with-dementia-a-coarsened-exact-matching-study
#2
REVIEW
Kimon Bekelis, Symeon Missios, Joel Shu, Todd A MacKenzie, Bruce Mayerson
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of elderly patients with dementia are undergoing surgical operations. Little is known about the differential impact of dementia on surgical outcomes. We investigated whether demented patients undergoing surgical operations have worse outcomes than their non-demented counterparts. METHODS: We performed a cohort study of all patients undergoing a series of surgical operations who were registered in the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database from 2009 to 2013...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736958/benefits-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-pediatric-asthma
#3
Stephen Kirkby, Allison Rossetti, Don Hayes, Elizabeth Allen, Shahid Sheikh, Benjamin Kopp, Alpa Patel
INTRODUCTION: There are limited studies evaluating the role of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in pediatric asthma. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of all pediatric patients with a diagnosis of asthma enrolled in PR. Demographics, medications, and clinical records were reviewed. In addition, PFTs, 6-min walk test (6MWT), and patient/parent symptom and quality of life surveys before and after PR were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 38 patients were enrolled in PR; 18 (47%) female and 20 (53%) male...
May 7, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693477/family-forward-a-social-work-clinical-trial-promoting-family-adaptation-following-paediatric-acquired-brain-injury
#4
Lyndal Hickey, Vicki Anderson, Stephen Hearps, Brigid Jordan
OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of a family intervention Family Forward in promoting early adaptation following a child's acquired brain injury (ABI). RESEARCH DESIGN: Prospective, sequential comparison group design. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Families of children (n = 47) diagnosed with ABI received Family Forward (n = 25): two family counselling sessions plus optional multi-family group session per week or Usual Care (n = 22) during their child's inpatient rehabilitation admission...
April 25, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679294/gender-differences-in-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-of-post-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-patients
#5
Yong Hwan Kim, Wi-Young So
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a structured program for the prevention of secondary cardiovascular disease (CVD) and related diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. This study aimed to investigate whether there are gender differences after 9 months of home-based cardiac rehabilitation program in post-percutaneous coronary intervention patients. A total of 114 (58.29 ± 10.33 years) men and 30 (60.90 ± 9.32 years) women were enrolled in the CR program. The program included three visits: initial, 4th month (follow-up), and 9th month (final) visits at a CR center...
April 20, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661096/employer-attitudes-toward-hiring-persons-with-disabilities-in-armenia
#6
Jonathon Breen, Farinaz Havaei, Cristina Pitassi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this two-part study was to provide input into a strategy to improve employment opportunities for persons with disabilities in Armenia. BACKGROUND: Employment rates for persons with disabilities in Armenia have been variously reported between eight and 21%, much below the general employment rate of 82%. METHOD: First, a Participatory Action Research process led to the development of a 15 item self-report measure - the Perceived Barriers to Employing Persons with Disabilities Scale - which was administered to 158 employers...
April 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609701/evaluation-of-pharmacist-initiated-discharge-medication-reconciliation-and-patient-counseling-procedures
#7
Sebastian Choi, Jaime Babiak
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a recently implemented procedure of discharge medication reconciliation and patient counseling completed by pharmacists at a nursing facility. SETTING: This is a 138-bed nursing facility that houses long-term care residents as well as patients for subacute rehabilitation. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Discharge process involves the medical team (geriatrician, medical resident, medical students), social workers, and nurse coordinators...
April 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597005/non-syndromic-retinitis-pigmentosa
#8
REVIEW
Sanne K Verbakel, Ramon A C van Huet, Camiel J F Boon, Anneke I den Hollander, Rob W J Collin, Caroline C W Klaver, Carel B Hoyng, Ronald Roepman, B Jeroen Klevering
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) encompasses a group of inherited retinal dystrophies characterized by the primary degeneration of rod and cone photoreceptors. RP is a leading cause of visual disability, with a worldwide prevalence of 1:4000. Although the majority of RP cases are non-syndromic, 20-30% of patients with RP also have an associated non-ocular condition. RP typically manifests with night blindness in adolescence, followed by concentric visual field loss, reflecting the principal dysfunction of rod photoreceptors; central vision loss occurs later in life due to cone dysfunction...
March 26, 2018: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568790/treatment-changes-in-general-practice-patients-with-chronic-mental-disorders-following-a-psychiatric-psychosomatic-consultation
#9
Michael Linden, Beate Muschalla, Nils Noack, Christoph Heintze, Susanne Doepfmer
Objective: To determine whether a psychiatric-psychosomatic consultation can identify unmet treatment needs and improve treatment of patients with mental disorders in general practice. Methods: In 40 primary care practices, 307 consecutive primary patients who met criteria for chronic mental disorders were assessed by a psychiatric-psychosomatic consultant. After random assignment, general practitioners (GPs) were informed for half of the patients about the results of the assessment and received recommendations on how to improve treatment...
January 2018: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558245/role-of-psychosocial-factors-on-communicative-participation-among-survivors-of-head-and-neck-cancer
#10
Tanya Eadie, Lauren Faust, Susan Bolt, Mara Kapsner-Smith, Rebecca Hunting Pompon, Carolyn Baylor, Neal Futran, Eduardo Méndez
Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the unique contribution of psychosocial factors, including perceived social support, depression, and resilience to communicative participation, among adult survivors of head and neck cancer (HNC). Study Design Cross-sectional. Setting University-based laboratory and speech clinic. Subjects and Methods Adult survivors of HNC who were at least 2 years posttreatment for HNC completed patient-reported outcome measures, including those related to communicative participation and psychosocial function...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553425/integrating-a-public-health-and-human-rights-approach-into-mental-health-services-for-palestinians-in-the-gaza-strip
#11
Marwan Diab, Yasser Abu Jamei, Ashraf Kagee, Guido Veronese
BACKGROUND: In the context of violations of human rights and insecurity, the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme (GCMHP) provides mental health services and psychosocial interventions that match local cultural and social norms. The GCMHP uses a community mental health approach to promote the psychological wellbeing of the people living in the Gaza Strip and advocate on mental health issues. METHODS: The GCMHP provides preventive and therapeutic care to a broad public health spectrum of Gazan society...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538049/the-importance-of-specific-rehabilitation-for-an-obese-patient-with-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-a-case-report
#12
Alberto Raggi, Licia Grazzi, Stefania Bianchi Marzoli, Paola Ciasca, Luisa Chiapparini, Alessandra Erbetta, Giuseppe Faragò, Matilde Leonardi, Domenico D'Amico
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is associated with obesity, and weight loss is important to reduce intracranial pressure and improve visual function. A 38-year-old woman with IIH followed an extreme diet, which resulted in 30% weight loss (BMI moved from 34.9 to 24.6). Weight loss resulted in a significant reduction of papilloedema, normalization of intracranial pressure and improvement in headache pattern, but also induced a state of initial malnutrition, relevant depression and disability. She was discharged with the indication to start a controlled diet and improve physical activity: clinical situation get back to stability, with the patient loosing further weight (BMI=21...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529890/engendering-a-conducive-environment-for-university-students-with-physical-disabilities-assessing-availability-of-assistive-facilities-in-nigeria
#13
Macellina Y Ijadunola, Temitope O Ojo, Florence O Akintan, Ayoade O Adeyemo, Ademola S Afolayan, Olakunle G Akanji
PURPOSE: This study assessed awareness and availability of assistive facilities in a Nigerian public university. METHODS: Study was conducted in Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU), Ile Ife Nigeria using a mixed methods approach. Fifty two students with disability (SWD) were interviewed with a semistructured, self-administered questionnaire. A checklist was used to assess assistive facilities on campus while in-depth interviews (IDI) were conducted with university officials, to assess their perspectives about the availability and use of assistive facilities in the university...
March 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495023/a-guide-to-managing-tooth-wear-the-radboud-philosophy
#14
B Loomans, N Opdam
This paper explains a conservative, pragmatic and minimally invasive intervention concept for the treatment of severe tooth wear patients based on the Radboud Tooth Wear Project in the Netherlands. Guidelines and flowcharts for management of severe tooth wear patients and rehabilitation in increased vertical dimension of occlusion are presented. We concluded that: (a) Restorative treatment is not always indicated, even for patients with severe tooth wear. (b) If the patient has no complaints, counselling and monitoring is probably the best option...
March 9, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488407/predicting-fitness-to-drive-following-stroke-using-the-occupational-therapy-driver-off-road-assessment-battery
#15
Carolyn A Unsworth, Anne Baker, Natasha Lannin, Priscilla Harries, Janene Strahan, Matthew Browne
INTRODUCTION: It is difficult to determine if, or when, individuals with stroke are ready to undergo on-road fitness-to-drive assessment. The Occupational Therapy - Driver Off Road Assessment Battery was developed to determine client suitability to resume driving. The predictive validity of the Battery needs to be verified for people with stroke. AIM: Examine the predictive validity of the Occupational Therapy - Driver Off Road Assessment Battery for on-road performance among people with stroke...
February 28, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468074/development-of-a-patient-centred-evidence-based-and-consensus-based-discharge-care-bundle-for-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
Maria B Ospina, Marta Michas, Lesly Deuchar, Richard Leigh, Mohit Bhutani, Brian H Rowe, Darcy Marciniuk, Donna Goodridge, Gail Dechman, Jean Bourbeau, Meyer Balter, Pat Camp, Paul Hernandez, Roger S Goldstein, Michael K Stickland
Introduction: Hospital and emergency department discharge for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often poorly organised. We developed a patient-centred, evidence-based and consensus-based discharge care bundle for patients with acute exacerbations of COPD. Methods: A purposeful sample of clinicians and patients were invited to participate in a two-round Delphi study (July-November 2015). In round 1, participants rated on a seven-point Likert scale (1=not at all important; 7=extremely important) the importance of 29 unique COPD care actions...
2018: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461989/participants-experiences-of-a-sexual-counseling-intervention-during-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-nested-qualitative-study-within-the-charms-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Maureen D'Eath, Molly Byrne, Patrick Murphy, Tiny Jaarsma, Jenny McSharry, Andrew W Murphy, Sally Doherty, Chris Noone, Dympna Casey
BACKGROUND: International guidelines recommend sexual assessment and counseling be offered to all patients with cardiovascular disease during cardiac rehabilitation. However, sexual problems are infrequently addressed. The Cardiac Health and Relationship Management and Sexuality (CHARMS) intervention is a complex, multilevel intervention designed to increase the provision of sexual counseling in cardiac rehabilitation. It was piloted in 2 cardiac rehabilitation centers to assess the acceptability and feasibility of the intervention and to inform and refine a definitive cluster randomized controlled trial protocol...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461281/self-assessment-of-goal-achievements-within-a-gynecological-cancer-rehabilitation-counseling
#18
Kamila Adellund Holt, Dorte G Hansen, Ole Mogensen, Pernille T Jensen
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing focus on patient involvement in cancer rehabilitation. Goal assessment may improve the patient's self-management of life after cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether (1) nurse-led supported goal setting and assessment of goal achievement were feasible in a clinical setting and (2) there was a positive association between women's goal achievement and their self-assessed global health status (GHS). METHODS: Women surgically treated for gynecological cancer were offered rehabilitation counseling consisting of 2 face-to-face sessions and 2 phone calls carried out by a nurse...
February 15, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456149/impact-of-a-universal-medication-schedule-on-rationalising-and-understanding-of-medication-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Eimear McManus, Suzanne McCarthy, Raymond Carson, Laura J Sahm
BACKGROUND: Patients frequently encounter difficulty understanding their prescription drug labels. This problem is more common in patients with limited health literacy (HL). Patients are not always counselled on their medicines by their doctor or pharmacist, therefore this label can be an important source of information. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a Universal Medication Schedule (UMS) on the knowledge and consolidation of a prescription drug regimen compared to standard pharmacy labelling...
February 10, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455623/rare-case-of-bilateral-aural-atresia-and-cochlear-dysplasia-when-cochlear-implantation-is-not-the-answer
#20
Maja Svrakic
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Reports of patients with concurrent middle and inner ear anomalies are rare. These patients present a surgical challenge for cochlear implantation. The surgical risk must be weighed against the predicted benefit of the patient's hearing outcome and subsequent development of speech and language as well as their quality of life. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Thirteen-year-old boy presented to the Otology clinic for auditory rehabilitation options...
February 17, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
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