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Rehabilitation Counseling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137531/-i-honestly-would-not-have-known-what-to-do-an-exploratory-study-of-perspectives-on-client-suicide-among-vocational-rehabilitation-support-staff
#1
Emily M Lund, Jared C Schultz, Katie B Thomas, Michael R Nadorff, Christina M Sias, Dalia Chowdhury, Nicole R DeTore, Kate Galbraith
Despite the high prevalence of suicide both overall and among people with disabilities in particular, little research has explored suicide in the context of the vocational rehabilitation (VR) system or in counseling support staff in general. We analyzed the responses of 14 VR support staff who responded to an open-ended qualitative prompt regarding their experiences with suicide training and competency. Key themes included a perceived lack of and desire for more training regarding suicide, seeking and receiving suicide training outside of VR, and a perceived lack of resources for working with suicidal clients...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135879/cochlear-implantation-in-children-with-congenital-unilateral-deafness-a-case-series
#2
Rainer Linus Beck, Antje Aschendorff, Frederike Hassepaß, Thomas Wesarg, Stefanie Kröger, Till F Jakob, Susan Arndt
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implant is regarded as a treatment option for hearing rehabilitation of adults with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss. A clear benefit has been experienced in regard to speech comprehension in noise, localization, and quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate the benefit of cochlear implantation for children with congenital unilateral hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Tertiary referral center; cochlear implant program...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129784/impact-of-prosthodontic-rehabilitation-on-the-masticatory-performance-of-partially-dentate-older-patients-can-it-predict-nutritional-state-results-from-a-rct
#3
Sara Wallace, Stefanie Samietz, Meriem Abbas, Gerald McKenna, Jayne V Woodside, Martin Schimmel
OBJECTIVES: With a decreased number of teeth, a reduction in chewing function can contribute to changes in food choices and ultimately impact on overall nutritional status. This study compared the impact of two tooth replacement strategies for partially dentate older patients on masticatory performance and nutritional status. METHODS: Patients aged 65 years and older were randomly allocated to two different treatment groups. For the RPDP-group (removable partial dental prostheses) each participant was restored to complete dental arches with cobalt-chromium removable prostheses...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#4
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120970/effect-of-smoking-status-on-exercise-perception-and-intentions-for-cardiac-rehabilitation-enrollment-among-patients-hospitalized-with-an-acute-cardiac-condition
#5
Hayden Riley, Samuel Headley, Christa Winter, Sara Mazur, Diann E Gaalema, Sarah Goff, Peter K Lindenauer, Quinn R Pack
PURPOSE: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) attendance has been associated with higher smoking cessation (SC) rates. However, for unclear reasons, smokers are consistently less likely to enroll in CR than nonsmokers, and it is uncertain what might encourage them to attend. METHODS: We surveyed patients eligible for CR who were cigarette smokers at the time of hospital admission. We assessed patient intention to quit smoking, start exercising, and enroll in CR. We also measured anxiety and depression levels...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108885/management-of-dyspnea-and-anxiety-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-critical-review
#6
REVIEW
Abebaw Mengistu Yohannes, Maira Junkes-Cunha, Jacky Smith, Jorgen Vestbo
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and dyspnea, 2 major symptoms in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Thus, critically evaluating and synthesizing the existing literature employing pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and other behavioral therapies in the treatment of anxiety and dyspnea in patients with COPD may help clinicians determine the most efficacious potential treatments. We aim to examine the efficacy of PR and behavioral therapy [eg, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and counseling] and other adjunct modalities used in patients with COPD...
November 3, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105507/-factors-affecting-services-offered-to-older-adults-with-psychological-morbidity-an-exploration-of-health-professional-attitudes
#7
Jennifer White, Kath Greer, Grant Russell, Aislinn Lalor, Rene Stolwyk, Cylie Williams, Ted Brown, Terrence Haines
AIM: Poor collaboration between the multiple services involved in hospital discharge planning may contribute to suboptimal patient outcomes post discharge. This study aimed to explore clinician (medical, allied health and nursing) attitudes towards the management of the older patient with psychological morbidity during and following hospitalization. METHODS: Focus groups were held with 54 health professionals comprising of 7 from acute, 20 from subacute (geriatric assessment and rehabilitation), and 27 from community care settings...
November 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075907/-psychocardiology-in-inpatient-rehabilitation
#8
Rita Fuchs-Strizek, Thomas Berger
Psychosocial risk factors contribute to the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases. They are associated with an unhealthy lifestyle, low patient adherence, alterations in autonomic function and endocrine markers. Thus, in cardiac rehabilitation, psychosocial risk factors should be assessed besides somatic factors. Patients with clinically significant symptoms ought to be referred for further psychological diagnostics. Depending on the findings, patients should be offered psychological interventions like relaxation training, stress management courses, smoking cessation programmes and individual counselling...
October 26, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072542/a-critical-review-of-hearing-aid-single-microphone-noise-reduction-studies-in-adults-and-children
#9
Foong Yen Chong, Lorienne M Jenstad
PURPOSE: Single-microphone noise reduction (SMNR) is implemented in hearing aids to suppress background noise. The purpose of this article was to provide a critical review of peer-reviewed studies in adults and children with sensorineural hearing loss who were fitted with hearing aids incorporating SMNR. METHOD: Articles published between 2000 and 2016 were searched in PUBMED and EBSCO databases. RESULTS: Thirty-two articles were included in the final review...
October 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036751/-diagnosis-and-management-of-vestibular-schwannomas-an-interdisciplinary-challenge
#10
Steffen Rosahl, Christopher Bohr, Michael Lell, Klaus Hamm, Heinrich Iro
Vestibular schwannomas expand slowly in the internal auditory canal, in the cerebellopontine angle, inside the cochlear and the labyrinth. Larger tumors can displace and compress the brainstem. With an annual incidence of 1:100 000 vestibular schwannoma represent 6-7% of all intracranial tumors. In the cerebellopontine angle they are by far the most neoplasm with 90% of all lesions located in this region. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), audiometry, and vestibular diagnostics are the mainstays of the clinical workup for patients harboring tumors...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035319/nutritional-therapy-in-liver-transplantation
#11
REVIEW
Ahmed Hammad, Toshimi Kaido, Vusal Aliyev, Claudia Mandato, Shinji Uemoto
Protein-energy malnourishment is commonly encountered in patients with end-stage liver disease who undergo liver transplantation. Malnutrition may further increase morbidity, mortality and costs in the post-transplantation setting. The importance of carefully assessing the nutritional status during the work-up of patients who are candidates for liver replacement is widely recognized. The metabolic abnormalities induced by liver failure render the conventional assessment of nutritional status to be challenging...
October 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033556/swallowing-difficulties-with-medication-intake-assessed-with-a-novel-self-report-questionnaire-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#12
Markus Messerli, Rebecca Aschwanden, Michael Buslau, Kurt E Hersberger, Isabelle Arnet
OBJECTIVES: To assess subjective swallowing difficulties (SD) with medication intake and their practical consequences in patients suffering from systemic sclerosis (SSc) with a novel self-report questionnaire. DESIGN AND SETTING: Based on a systematic literature review, we developed a self-report questionnaire and got it approved by an expert panel. Subsequently, we sent the questionnaire by post mail to SSc patients of the European Center for the Rehabilitation of Scleroderma Rheinfelden, Switzerland...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993488/support-needs-and-experiences-of-family-members-of-wounded-injured-or-sick-uk-service-personnel
#13
Anna Verey, M Keeling, G Thandi, S Stevelink, N Fear
INTRODUCTION: When a service person has been wounded, injured or sick (WIS), family members may provide care during their recovery in an unpaid capacity. This may occur in diverse environments including hospitals, inpatient rehabilitation centres, in the community and at home. METHOD: Thirty-seven family members of WIS personnel were interviewed regarding their support needs, family relationships and use of UK support services. Semistructured, in-depth telephone interviews were used, with data analysis undertaken using a thematic approach...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976397/-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-the-elderly-patient
#14
Bahar Boydak
As it is the case globally, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) make up the most frequent cause of death in Turkey also. Due to this fact, cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has gained a highly important role in the treatment of coronary artery diseases. In Turkey, mortality and morbidity rates among the elderly patients are significantly high. Disability due to coronary artery diseases is more frequent in the elderly compared to young patients. So, it is clear that CR has a considerable importance in this special group of patients...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971286/-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-heart-failure
#15
REVIEW
Johann Altenberger
Heart failure is a malignant disorder with increasing prevalence and a high socioeconomic impact. Sceletal muscle myopathy seems to play a key role in the development of exercise intolerance. Cardiac rehabilitation for heart failure mainly adresses training, namely moderate continuous endurance training or interval training in combination with resistance training, and is highly recommended in the current ESC-guidelines. Following a multimodal concept cardiac rehabilitation also implements optimisation of neurohumoral therapy, education and counselling to empower self-care as well as psychosocial support...
October 2, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969162/home-based-care-as-an-approach-to-improve-the-efficiency-of-treatment-for-mdr-tuberculosis-a-quasi-experimental-pilot-study
#16
Neha Taneja, Vinoth Gnana Chellaiyan, Shailaja Daral, Mrinmoy Adhikary, Timiresh Kumar Das
INTRODUCTION: Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR TB) has emerged as a significant public health problem in India. The prolonged treatment duration in MDR TB is a challenge in achieving treatment completion and poses a threat to TB control in the country. Home based care is an approach accepted by patients because it helps in ameliorating their understanding of TB, improving the compliance and reducing stigma in the community. AIM: To assess the outcome of Home-Based Care (HC) versus No Home-Based Care (NHC) on the treatment of MDR TB patients registered at two chest clinics in Eastern Delhi...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954826/randomised-controlled-trial-of-two-advanced-and-extended-cardiac-rehabilitation-programmes
#17
Madoka Sunamura, Nienke Ter Hoeve, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons, Marcel L Geleijnse, Mirjam Haverkamp, Henk J Stam, Eric Boersma, Ron T van Domburg
OBJECTIVE: The OPTICARE (OPTImal CArdiac REhabilitation) randomised controlled trial compared two advanced and extended cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes to standard CR for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). These programmes were designed to stimulate permanent adoption of a heart-healthy lifestyle. The primary outcome was the SCORE (Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation) 10-year cardiovascular mortality risk function at 18 months follow-up. METHODS: In total, 914 patients with ACS (age, 57 years; 81% men) were randomised to: (1) 3 months standard CR (CR-only); (2) standard CR including three additional face-to-face active lifestyle counselling sessions and extended with three group fitness training and general lifestyle counselling sessions in the first 9 months after standard CR (CR+F); or (3) standard CR extended for 9 months with five to six telephone general lifestyle counselling sessions (CR+T)...
September 27, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949810/collaborative-peer-review-process-as-an-informal-interprofessional-learning-tool-findings-from-an-exploratory-study
#18
Jae Yung Kwon, Laura Yvonne Bulk, Zarina Giannone, Sarah Liva, Bubli Chakraborty, Helen Brown
Despite numerous studies on formal interprofessional education programes, less attention has been focused on informal interprofessional learning opportunities. To provide such an opportunity, a collaborative peer review process (CPRP) was created as part of a peer-reviewed journal. Replacing the traditional peer review process wherein two or more reviewers review the manuscript separately, the CPRP brings together students from different professions to collaboratively review a manuscript. The aim of this study was to assess whether the CPRP can be used as an informal interprofessional learning tool using an exploratory qualitative approach...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948586/-introduction-to-genetic-rare-disease-and-the-application-of-genetic-counseling
#19
Shao-Yin Chu, Chun-Ying Weng
Genetic disease or hereditary disease is a group of disorders that is caused by mutations in an individual's genome. The mutated genome or gene may be transmitted through the germ line during reproduction, causing certain recurrence risk in offspring and other family members. The heritability of these disorders is thus an important issue to deal with clinically. In Taiwan, a rare disease is defined as a disease that is prevalent in fewer than 1 in 10,000 individuals. As up to 80% of rare disease cases in Taiwan are genetic disease disorders, genetic disease may not rare...
October 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940047/epidemiology-of-cerebellar-diseases-and-therapeutic-approaches
#20
REVIEW
Michael S Salman
Diseases involving the cerebellum occur relatively commonly in children and adults around the globe. Many factors influence their epidemiology including geography, ethnicity, consanguinity, and the methodology used to ascertain patients. In addition, reliable epidemiological data rely heavily on accurate disease classification. Continuous advances in genetic research and neuroimaging modalities have resulted in improved understanding of cerebellar diseases and have led to several revisions in their classification...
September 22, 2017: Cerebellum
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