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Rehabilitation Counseling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890951/a-situational-analysis-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-issues-in-physically-challenged-people-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-new-delhi
#1
Utkarsha Agarwal, Sumathi Muralidhar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Physically challenged people constitute the most stigmatized sections of society, and are excluded from outreach programs, besides being considered sexually inactive. They have unaddressed sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRH) issues, predisposing them to sexual abuse and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The huge paucity of data in this field prompted us to undertake this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 100 people with more than 40% of permanent disability, attending various out/inpatient facilities of a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi, India...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855953/increasing-cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-from-20-to-70-a-road-map-from-the-million-hearts-cardiac-rehabilitation-collaborative
#2
REVIEW
Philip A Ades, Steven J Keteyian, Janet S Wright, Larry F Hamm, Karen Lui, Kimberly Newlin, Donald S Shepard, Randal J Thomas
The primary aim of the Million Hearts initiative is to prevent 1 million cardiovascular events over 5 years. Concordant with the Million Hearts' focus on achieving more than 70% performance in the "ABCS" of aspirin for those at risk, blood pressure control, cholesterol management, and smoking cessation, we outline the cardiovascular events that would be prevented and a road map to achieve more than 70% participation in cardiac rehabilitation (CR)/secondary prevention programs by the year 2022. Cardiac rehabilitation is a class Ia recommendation of the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology after myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization, promotes the ABCS along with lifestyle counseling and exercise, and is associated with decreased total mortality, cardiac mortality, and rehospitalizations...
November 14, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832328/-ophthalmological-rehabilitation-of-visually-impaired-children
#3
E K Altpeter, N X Nguyen
BACKGROUND: There are very few studies on visually impaired children in Germany; therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the current spectrum of diseases of visually impaired children and the care of these children in schools and kindergartens with aids and integrative support. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study all children (n =303) who attended the outpatient department for the visually impaired of the University Eye Hospital Tübingen in 2013 and 2014 were evaluated...
November 10, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830922/pediatric-selective-mutism-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Maria Esposito, Francesca Gimigliano, Maria R Barillari, Francesco Precenzano, Maria Ruberto, Joseph Sepe, Umberto Barillari, Raffaele Gimigliano, Roberto Militerni, Giovanni Messina, Marco Carotenuto
BACKGROUND: Selective Mutism (SM) is a rare disease in children coded by DSM-5 as an anxiety disorder. Despite the disabling nature of the disease, there is still no specific treatment. AIMS: The aims of this study were to verify the efficacy of six-month standard psychomotor treatment and the positive changes in lifestyle, in a population of children affected by SM. DESIGN: Randomised Controlled Trial registered in the European Clinical Trials Registry (EuDract 2015-001161-36)...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829457/combined-effect-of-new-complete-dentures-and-simple-dietary-advice-on-nutritional-status-in-edentulous-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Yuriko Komagamine, Manabu Kanazawa, Maiko Iwaki, Ayami Jo, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Noriko Amagai, Shunsuke Minakuchi
BACKGROUND: Individuals who are edentulous have a lower intake of fruit, vegetables, fiber, and protein compared with their dentate counterparts because tooth loss is accompanied by a decrease in ability to chew. Whether or not a combination of prosthetic rehabilitation and simple dietary advice produces improvement in dietary intake among edentulous persons is unclear. We aim to investigate the effect of a simultaneous combination of simple dietary advice delivered by dentists and provision of new complete dentures on dietary intake in edentulous individuals who request new dentures...
November 9, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822284/hiv-responses-in-arab-states-on-the-southern-persian-gulf-border-the-first-review
#6
REVIEW
Afsaneh Moradi, Zahra Alammehrjerdi, Reza Daneshmand, Mahmood Amini-Lari, Mehran Zarghami, Kate Dolan
CONTEXT: There is no review of HIV responses in Arab states on the southern Persian Gulf border. This narrative review aimed to describe and synthesize HIV responses in Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of scientific databases and grey literature was conducted based on an international guide. Overall, 16 original studies and reports were found. RESULTS: The review indicates that HIV has been found present in each Arab state based on sporadic case finding...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811855/effect-of-walking-on-circadian-rhythms-and-sleep-quality-of-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Hui-Mei Chen, Chun-Ming Tsai, Yu-Chung Wu, Kuan-Chia Lin, Chia-Chin Lin
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances and poor rest-activity rhythms, which can reduce the quality of life, are highly prevalent among patients with lung cancer. METHODS: This trial investigated the effects of a 12-week exercise intervention including home-based walking exercise training and weekly exercise counseling on 111 lung cancer patients. Participants were randomly allocated to receive the intervention or usual-care. Outcomes included objective sleep (total sleep time, TST; sleep efficiency, SE; sleep onset latency, SOL; and wake after sleep onset, WASO), subjective sleep (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, PSQI), and rest-activity rhythms (r24 and I<O)...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807666/effects-of-a-multimodal-rehabilitation-programme-on-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-oesophageal-cancer-survivors-the-restore-feasibility-study
#8
Emer M Guinan, Suzanne L Doyle, Linda O'Neill, Margaret R Dunne, Emma K Foley, Jacintha O'Sullivan, John V Reynolds, Juliette Hussey
PURPOSE: Physical, nutritional and quality-of-life compromises are known sequelae of oesophageal cancer (OC) treatment. Inflammation and oxidative stress may be relevant to adverse consequences. Multimodal rehabilitation involving exercise and diet prescription may attenuate some of the negative consequences and optimise survivorship, and this was assessed in this feasibility study in OC patients at least 1 year post-oesophagectomy. METHODS: The 12-week programme included supervised and home-based exercise, dietetic counselling to ensure energy balance and multidisciplinary education...
November 3, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796100/practices-and-views-of-audiologists-regarding-aural-rehabilitation-services-for-adults-with-acquired-hearing-loss
#9
Musa Makhoba, Neethie Joseph
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss in adults is one of the leading disabilities globally. It is managed through aural rehabilitation for which there is a paucity of literature in South Africa. This raises the question of interest, the integrity of holistic service provision amongst audiologists and whether interest and challenges affect current practices. OBJECTIVES: To describe audiologists' practices and views on aural rehabilitation services for adults, including interest and challenges experienced...
September 29, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787681/a-nurse-led-sexual-rehabilitation-intervention-after-radiotherapy-for-gynecological-cancer
#10
R M Bakker, J W M Mens, H E de Groot, C C Tuijnman-Raasveld, C Braat, W C P Hompus, J G M Poelman, M S Laman, L A Velema, C D de Kroon, H C van Doorn, C L Creutzberg, M M Ter Kuile
PURPOSE: Although vaginal dilator use after combined pelvic radiation therapy and brachytherapy (RT/BT) is recommended to prevent vaginal shortening and stenosis, women fail to use them and experience sexual problems. A nurse-led sexual rehabilitation intervention targeting sexual recovery and vaginal dilatation was developed. Its feasibility was investigated during a prospective, longitudinal, observational pilot study. METHODS: Four oncology nurses were specifically trained to conduct the intervention...
October 27, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768185/community-based-intervention-determines-tele-audiology-site-candidacy
#11
Laura Coco, Craig A Champlin, Robert H Eikelboom
Purpose: Sections of the community face barriers to accessing audiology services. The aim of this study was to assess the barriers faced by people in typically underserved community settings and to provide audiology services in their natural environment. Information gathered by questionnaire was used to determine each site's candidacy as a potential tele-audiology site. Method: Sixty-three participants were recruited across 3 community sites that were identified as gathering places for individuals who experience barriers to accessing traditional clinical audiology services...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765033/psychotic-relapse-and-associated-factors-among-patients-attending-health-services-in-southwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Mahlet Fikreyesus, Matiwos Soboka, Garumma Tolu Feyissa
BACKGROUND: Psychotic relapse leads to repeated hospitalization and negatively affects the clinical prognosis of the patients. Information on prevalence of relapse among patients with psychotic disorders in Ethiopian setting is scarce. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of relapse among patients with psychotic disorders attending services in Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH). METHODS: Data were collected using interviewer administered questionnaire...
October 20, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762636/predicting-factors-associated-with-frailty-in-aged-patients-with-bone-arthrosis-pain-in-the-clinic
#13
Bao-Lin Li, Wei Li, Jia-Qi Bi, Qing-Gang Meng, Jian-Feng Fei
OBJECTIVES: To identify frail and pre-frail patients in a group of patients older than 60 years. METHODS: The phenotype model of Fried's method was used to identify frailty and pre-frailty in total of 78 participants. Cognitive ability and psychosocial function tests were also given to 59 of the 78 patients. RESULTS: Prevalence of frailty and pre-frailty was 14.1% (11/78) and 46.2% (36/78), respectively. Of the 5 phenotype variables, weak grip strength was the most commonly seen variable with 53...
October 20, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724957/implementing-international-sexual-counselling-guidelines-in-hospital-cardiac-rehabilitation-development-of-the-charms-intervention-using-the-behaviour-change-wheel
#14
J Mc Sharry, P J Murphy, M Byrne
BACKGROUND: Decreased sexual activity and sexual problems are common among people with cardiovascular disease, negatively impacting relationship satisfaction and quality of life. International guidelines recommend routine delivery of sexual counselling to cardiac patients. The Cardiac Health and Relationship Management and Sexuality (CHARMS) baseline study in Ireland found, similar to international findings, limited implementation of sexual counselling guidelines in practice. The aim of the current study was to develop the CHARMS multi-level intervention to increase delivery of sexual counselling by healthcare professionals...
October 10, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712823/microtia-reconstruction
#15
Randall A Bly, Amit D Bhrany, Craig S Murakami, Kathleen C Y Sie
Microtia reconstruction is a challenging endeavor that has seen significant technique evolution. It is important to educate patients and their families to determine the best hearing rehabilitation and ear reconstructive options. Microtia is often associated with aural atresia, hearing loss, and craniofacial syndromes. Optimal care is provided by multiple disciplines, including a reconstructive surgeon, an otologic surgeon, an audiologist, and a craniofacial pediatrician. Microtia management includes observation, prosthetic ear, autologous cartilage reconstruction, or alloplastic implant placement...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698263/changes-in-health-related-quality-of-life-during-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-operable-lung-cancer-a-feasibility-study-proluca
#16
Maja S Sommer, Karen Trier, Jette Vibe-Petersen, Karl B Christensen, Malene Missel, Merete Christensen, Klaus R Larsen, Seppo W Langer, Carsten Hendriksen, Paul F Clementsen, Jesper H Pedersen, Henning Langberg
INTRODUCTION: Surgical resection in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be associated with significant morbidity, functional limitations, and decreased quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The objective is to present health-related quality of life (HRQoL) changes over time before and 1 year after surgery in patients with NSCLC participating in a rehabilitation program. METHODS: Forty patients with NSCLC in disease stage I to IIIa, referred for surgical resection at the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery RT, Rigshospitalet, were included in the study...
October 3, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695976/long-term-functional-follow-up-after-anterior-rectal-resection-for-cancer
#17
Alessandro Sturiale, Jacopo Martellucci, Letizia Zurli, Carla Vaccaro, Luigi Brusciano, Paolo Limongelli, Ludovico Docimo, Andrea Valeri
PURPOSE: This is a retrospective analysis including all of the patients that have undergone anterior resection for rectal cancer from January 1998 to December 2005 in two tertiary referral centers. The study aims to evaluate the long term functional results after low anterior resection and to identify the risk factors of postoperative bowel disorders. METHOD: Data were collected from the clinical records, and then the low anterior resection syndrome score which is a specific questionnaire to investigate the symptoms after surgery was submitted to the selected patients...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695938/-social-counseling-in-outpatient-cancer-counseling-centers-offers-and-use-by-advice-seekers
#18
Jochen Ernst, Anja Mehnert, Joachim Weis, Tanja Faust, Jürgen M Giesler, Julia Roick
BACKGROUND: Outpatient psychosocial cancer care has gained importance in recent years and psychosocial counselling services (PCS) offer a broad spectrum of counselling interventions. Yet there is no published research on PCS legal counselling services. This study investigated the range of issues addressed by legal counselling and their relationship with characteristics of advice seekers and counsellors. METHODS: We analyzed the records of 21 PCS funded by the German Cancer Aid (DKH) including 5203 advice seekers (80 % patients, 20 % others including friends and family; age ∅ 54 years; 24 % male) in 20,947 counselling sessions...
September 30, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688278/burden-and-depression-in-primary-caregivers-of-persons-with-visual-impairment
#19
Shubhank Khare, Jolly Rohatgi, Manjeet Singh Bhatia, Upreet Dhaliwal
CONTEXT: Caregivers who assist persons with visual impairment often neglect their needs, resulting in burden and depression. Rehabilitation efforts, directed to the disabled, seldom target the caregiver. AIM: To assess burden and depression in persons caring for blind individuals. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in the outpatient department of a tertiary-level teaching hospital in New Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional Ethical Board approval was obtained and written informed consent too was obtained from the participants involved in this study...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677600/effect-of-preoperative-counseling-on-hospital-length-of-stay-and-readmissions-after-total-laryngectomy
#20
Jared A Shenson, Jennifer N Craig, Sarah L Rohde
OBJECTIVE: Total laryngectomy (TL) is a high-cost procedure with patients at risk for significant postoperative health care use. Face-to-face preoperative counseling provided by speech-language pathologists is a relatively inexpensive intervention that may improve care quality and decrease costs. We evaluated if preoperative counseling for patients undergoing TL was associated with differences in length of stay (LOS), use of the emergency department (ED), or unplanned readmissions within 30 days of discharge...
September 27, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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