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Vocational Psychology

Kevin A Hoff, Daniel A Briley, Colin J M Wee, James Rounds
Vocational interests predict a variety of important outcomes and are among the most widely applied individual difference constructs in psychology and education. Despite over 90 years of research, little is known about the longitudinal development of interests. In this meta-analysis, the authors investigate normative changes in interests through adolescence and young adulthood. Effect sizes were aggregated from 49 longitudinal studies reporting mean-level changes in vocational interests, containing 98 total samples and 20,639 participants...
March 1, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Yueh-Hsia Chen, Wei-An Liang, Chung-Yin Hsu, Siang-Lan Guo, Shwu-Huei Lien, Hsiao-Jung Tseng, Yuan-Hung Chao
Background: Advanced treatment of oral cancer increases survival rates; however, it also increases the risk of developing shoulder dysfunction, dysphagia, oral dysfunction, donor site morbidity and psychological issues. This single-arm preliminary pilot study aims to explore the effects of a six-month early intervention program following reconstructive surgery in oral cancer survivors. Methods: A total of 65 participants were analyzed following reconstructive surgery...
2018: PeerJ
Jude Mary Cénat, Daniel Derivois, Martine Hébert, Laetitia Mélissande Amédée, Amira Karray
In Haiti, as in several developing countries, the phenomenon of street children has become a major public health issue. These children are often victims of traumas and adverse life events. This article aimed to investigate traumas experienced by street children and their coping and resilience strategies used to deal with adversities in a logic of survival, relying on a mixed method approach. A group of 176 street children, aged 7-18 (n = 21 girls), recruited in Port-au-Prince, completed measures assessing PTSD, social support and resilience...
February 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga, Gail Powell-Cope
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been called the signature injury of the post-9/11 wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and neighboring countries. Although similarities exist between veterans and service members with TBI, levels of severity and different constellations of coexisting comorbid conditions affect them differently. These conditions affect physical, cognitive, and emotional function, which in turn can complicate community reintegration (CR), or the ability to return to family, vocational, and community life...
February 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Alexander Jack, Daniel T Wilcox
The psychological assessment of novice and experienced clerics is an important component of ordination, suitability, and risk evaluation to ensure that representatives of religious organizations are equipped, motivated, and safe for a life commitment to a faith vocation. It is the authors' opinion that such assessments should be conducted by skilled psychologists with expertise that covers occupational, clinical, and forensic domains. Further, the authors emphasize the importance of an objective and secular assessment to better inform the church about its role and responsibility for the oversight and spiritual development of the cleric...
2018: Pastoral Psychology
Hanne Creupelandt, Sibyl Anthierens, Hilde Habraken, Tom Declercq, Coral Sirdifield, Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena, Thierry Christiaens
BACKGROUND: Despite guidelines and campaigns to change prescribing behavior, General Practitioners (GPs) continue to overprescribe benzodiazepines (BZDs). New approaches to improve prescribing are needed. Using behavior change techniques and tailoring interventions to user characteristics are vital to promote behavior change. This study evaluated the impact of an e-module on factors known to determine BZD prescribing practice. METHODS: A tailored e-module that focuses on avoiding initial BZD prescriptions (and using psychological interventions as an alternative) was developed and offered to GPs in vocational training...
December 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Niloufer Taber, Amber Mehmood, Yuen Wai Hung, Isaac Botchey, Ammar Al-Kashmiri, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a distinct period of rapid and dramatic biological, cognitive, psychological, and social development. The burden of injuries among young people (aged 10-24) is both substantial and maldistributed across regions and levels of economic development. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to compare sociodemographic correlates of injury cause, intentionality, and mortality between Kenya and Oman, 2 countries with different levels of economic development and position in the demographic and epidemiologic transitions...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
JungSu Oh, Alan E Stewart, Rosemary E Phelps
Historical trends in a scientific field should be apparent in the changing content of journal articles over time. Using a topic modeling approach, a statistical method for quantifying the thematic content of text, 70 topics were extracted from the abstracts of 3,603 articles published in the Journal of Counseling Psychology from 1963 to 2015. After examining interpretability of 70 topics derived from the model, 64 meaningful topics and their trends were named. In addition, the authors also classified some of the related topics into 4 categories-counseling process and outcome, multiculturalism, research methodology, and vocational psychology...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Guo Fu Zhang, Chi Man Tsui, Aisia Jiang Bo Lu, Li Bo Yu, Hector Wing Hong Tsang, Da Li
OBJECTIVE: In this randomized controlled trial, we investigated the effectiveness of integrated supported employment (ISE) compared with individual placement and support (IPS) and traditional vocational rehabilitation (TVR) for people with schizophrenia in mainland China. METHOD: One hundred and sixty-two participants with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to ISE (n = 54), IPS (n = 54), or TVR (n = 54). Blinded assessments of employment status, job tenure, and psychological outcomes were conducted at admission; completion of the 3-mo program; and follow-up at 7, 11, and 15 mo...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Joanna E Fardell, Claire E Wakefield, Pandora Patterson, Alistair Lum, Richard J Cohn, Simon A Pini, Ursula M Sansom Daly
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer have unique needs around education and vocation during and after treatment. This narrative review series aims at documenting the unique needs of AYAs from the current literature and at providing recommendations to inform an update of the Australian National Service Delivery Framework for AYAs with Cancer. AYAs with cancer may experience impairments to cognitive, physical, and psychological functioning and health, which can adversely affect their academic grades, peer relationships, and likelihood of entering the workforce...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Elizabeth Stormshak, David DeGarmo, Krista Chronister, Allison Caruthers
Emerging adulthood is characterized by not only opportunity and transition but also a substantial increase in risk behaviors (Fosco et al. Journal of Family Psychology, 26(4), 565-575, 2012; Johnston et al. 2016). Building on prior research, we tested a mediational model hypothesizing that Family Check-Up (FCU) intervention effects on young adult risk would be mediated by increases in self-regulation, and that these changes would continue to affect risk behavior as high school youths transitioned to young adulthood...
November 3, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
María Esther Urrutia Aguilar, Efrén Raúl Ponce Rosas, Silvia Ortiz León, Laura Peñaloza Ochoa, Rosalinda Guevara Guzmán
Objective: To identify and compare the predictive agents associated with medical students´ academic performance that are undertaking cellular biology and human histology, as well as those physiotherapists that take molecular, cellular and tissue biology. Methods: An academic follow up was carried out during school. Tools on previous knowledge, vocation, psychological and confrontational means were applied at the beginning of the school year; and the last two were applied two more times afterwards...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
Emilie I Howe, Knut-Petter S Langlo, Hans Christoffer Aargaard Terjesen, Cecilie Røe, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Helene L Søberg, Unni Sveen, Eline Aas, Heidi Enehaug, Daniele E Alves, Pål Klethagen, Kjersti Sagstad, Christine M Moen, Karin Torsteinsbrend, Anne-Margrethe Linnestad, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Birte Sand Rismyhr, Grete Wangen, Juan Lu, Jennie Ponsford, Elizabeth W Twamley, Helene Ugelstad, Øystein Spjelkavik, Marianne Løvstad, Nada Andelic
BACKGROUND: A considerable proportion of patients with mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience long-lasting somatic, cognitive, and emotional symptoms that may hamper their capacity to return to work (RTW). Although several studies have described medical, psychological, and work-related factors that predict RTW after TBI, well-controlled intervention studies regarding RTW are scarce. Furthermore, there has traditionally been weak collaboration among health-related rehabilitation services, the labor and welfare sector, and workplaces...
October 17, 2017: Trials
Christie Emerson
The aims of this article are (a) to analyze the concept of a calling as it relates nursing and (b) to develop a definition of calling to nursing with the detail and clarity needed to guide reliable and valid research. The classic steps described by Walker and Avant are used for the analysis. Literature from several disciplines is reviewed including vocational psychology, Christian career counseling, sociology, organizational management, and nursing. The analysis provides an operational definition of a calling to nursing and establishes 3 defining attributes of the concept: (a) a passionate intrinsic motivation or desire (perhaps with a religious component), (b) an aspiration to engage in nursing practice, as a means of fulfilling one's purpose in life, and (c) the desire to help others as one's purpose in life...
October 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Does College Alcohol Consumption Impact Employment Upon Graduation? Findings From a Prospective Study" by Peter A. Bamberger, Jaclyn Koopmann, Mo Wang, Mary Larimer, Inbal Nahum-Shani, Irene Geisner and Samuel B. Bacharach (Journal of Applied Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Aug 24, 2017, np). In the original article, the authors incorrectly used the term "probability" instead of the term "odds" when relating to the impact of drinking in college on post-graduation employment. The abstract should note "a roughly 10% reduction in the odds ...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
Michael D Stubblefield
Breast cancer survivors can experience multiple neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, pain, and functional disorders as a result of their cancer and its treatment. Common disorders include shoulder dysfunction, postmastectomy syndrome, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, axillary cording, lymphedema, and a host of others. Cancer rehabilitation is a process that helps breast cancer and other survivors to obtain and maintain the highest possible physical, social, psychological, and vocational functioning within the limits created by cancer and its treatments...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Alice Medalia, Alice M Saperstein, Yanlan Huang, Seonjoo Lee, Elizabeth J Ronan
Cognitive impairments are common in homeless youth and negatively impact academic and vocational outcomes. We examined the feasibility and efficacy of cognitive interventions provided to 18- to 22-year-old homeless youth living in urban supportive housing. Ninety-one homeless youth were randomized to receive either targeted cognitive training (cognitive remediation) or general cognitive activation (computer skills training). Cognitive and psychological outcomes were assessed at baseline, after 13 and 26 sessions, and 1 month postintervention...
November 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Alexa Jane T Blas, Kenneth Matthew B Beltran, Pauline Gail V Martinez, Daryl Patrick G Yao
Purpose This review aims to map the scope of published research on occupational therapy (OT) interventions and pertinent work and work-related outcomes for persons with occupational injuries and diseases. Methods The scoping review adapted Arksey and O'Malley's framework. Six electronic databases were searched. Ancestral search was also done on five systematic reviews. The search was conducted from September 2015 to October 2015. Interventions and outcomes were coded using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation to plot trends...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Annette Schaub, Kim Mueser, Ann-Kathrin Schmidt, Gabriele Koller, Peter Falkai
This pilot study investigates the implementation of a practical program for pupils including psychoeducation aimed to educate them about professions in psychiatry. 29 persons aged between 16-21 years were included in the program for vocational orientation at the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Munich, from 2013-2016. The 1-2-week program provides information about job descriptions of psychologists and physicians. On average the pupils performed at M=2.75, SD=0.64 and they were motivated...
September 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
Jun Wang, Qun Wang, Inoka Wimalaratne, David Benjamin Menkes, Xiaoping Wang
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric comorbidities are common among patients treated for physical disorders. Attitudes of non-psychiatric doctors toward psychological/psychiatric problems have significant implications for care provision in the general hospital setting. Our objective was to investigate non-psychiatric doctors' attitudes in China. METHOD: An anonymous online questionnaire pertaining to relevant attitudes was distributed to Chinese hospital-based non-psychiatric doctors using a mobile App...
August 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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