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Vocational Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517943/implications-of-parent-child-relationships-for-emerging-adults-subjective-feelings-about-adulthood
#1
Anna K Lindell, Nicole Campione-Barr, Sarah E Killoren
Little is known about the role of parents in promoting their children's successful transition to adulthood, particularly for college students who may maintain stronger ties to parents than other emerging adults. The present study therefore investigated longitudinal implications of parent-child relationship qualities during emerging adults' first year of college for their feelings about the upcoming transition to adulthood 3 years later, as well as implications of 3 types of parental control (behavioral control, psychological control, helicopter parenting) for these associations...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503954/experiences-of-employment-among-young-people-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-qualitative-study
#2
Helen Hanson, Ruth I Hart, Ben Thompson, Janet E McDonagh, Rachel Tattersall, Alison Jordan, Helen E Foster
PURPOSE: This study explored expectations and experiences of employment among young people with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and the role of health professionals in promoting positive employment outcomes. METHODS: Semistructured interviews (n = 13) and three focus groups (n = 9, n = 4, n = 3) were conducted with young people (16-25 y) and adults (26-31 y) with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and semistructured interviews (n = 9) were conducted with health professionals...
May 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481893/evaluation-of-a-transdiagnostic-psychodynamic-online-intervention-to-support-return-to-work-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jan Becker, Katharina Gerzymisch, Martin Siepmann, Martin Holme, Ulrich Kiwus, Sieglinde Spörl-Dönch, Manfred E Beutel
OBJECTIVES: Given their flexibility, online interventions may be useful as an outpatient treatment option to support vocational reintegration after inpatient rehabilitation. To that purpose we devised a transdiagnostic psychodynamic online intervention to facilitate return to work, focusing on interpersonal conflicts at the workplace often responsible for work-related stress. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, we included employed patients from cardiologic, psychosomatic and orthopedic rehabilitation with work-related stress or need for support at intake to inpatient rehabilitation after they had given written consent to take part in the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452731/quality-of-life-of-people-living-with-hiv-identification-of-the-determinants
#4
D Mauyenova, L Karp, B Zhussupov, M Abilmazhinov
The high prevalence rate of HIV worldwide, including the Republic of Kazakhstan (the RK), in large cities in particular, underlies the tremendous significance of this medical condition for society, economy, demography and healthcare. The objective of this study was to identify the most important determinants of quality of life (QL) of people living with HIV in a large city. The study was carried out in 3 stages. At the first stage, the HIV morbidity and PLH mortality figures over the period of 10 years (2005-2014) in a metropolis (the city of Astana) were analyzed in comparison to the general ones for the Republic...
February 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447833/ten-year-trajectories-of-stressors-and-resources-at-work-cumulative-and-chronic-effects-on-health-and-well-being
#5
Ivana Igic, Anita C Keller, Achim Elfering, Franziska Tschan, Wolfgang Kälin, Norbert K Semmer
Employing 5 waves of measurement over a period of 10 years, we explored the effects of exposure to constellations of conditions at work on physical and psychological strain, estimating the history of exposure over time. Specifically, we first tested if the 4 constellations postulated by the job demand-control (JDC) model, extended to include social stressors, could be identified empirically over time through a person-centered analysis. Second, we tested 2 specific effects of the history of exposure on physical and psychological strain: cumulative effects (i...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397306/a-review-of-cognitive-impairments-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-implications-for-cognitive-behaviour-therapy
#6
Anastasia Hronis, Lynette Roberts, Ian I Kneebone
OBJECTIVE: Nearly half of children with intellectual disability (ID) have comorbid affective disorders. These problems are chronic if left untreated and can significantly impact upon future vocational, educational, and social opportunities. Despite this, there is a paucity of research into effective treatments for this population. Notably, one of the most supported of psychological therapies, cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), remains largely uninvestigated in children with ID. The current review considers the neuropsychological profile of children and adolescents with mild to moderate ID, with a view to informing how CBT might best be adapted for children and adolescents with ID...
June 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333474/examining-the-psychology-of-working-theory-decent-work-among-sexual-minorities
#7
Richard P Douglass, Brandon L Velez, Sarah E Conlin, Ryan D Duffy, Jessica W England
Research has found heterosexist discrimination negatively relates to vocational outcomes among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people, but no known study has examined how heterosexist discrimination relates to the attainment of decent work. Building from the Psychology of Working Theory, which proposes that specific forms of marginalization coupled with economic constraints limit a person's ability to secure decent work, the present study examined theoretically hypothesized pathways to decent work among a sample of employed sexual minority adults...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321516/validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-short-form-of-the-dysfunctional-beliefs-and-attitudes-about-sleep-scale-dbas-16
#8
Christin Lang, Serge Brand, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Uwe Pühse, Flora Colledge, Markus Gerber
Research shows that dysfunctional sleep-related cognitions play an important role in the development, maintenance and exacerbation of insomnia. This study examines the factorial validity, psychometric properties and both concurrent and predictive validity of the German version of the 16-item DBAS (dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep) scale. Data was collected in 864 vocational students from the German-speaking part of Switzerland (43% females, M age = 17.9 years). Data collection took place twice within a 10-month interval...
March 20, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293978/piloting-an-email-based-resource-package-for-job-seekers-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Diana Dorstyn, Rachel Roberts, Gregory Murphy, Ian Kneebone, Christine Migliorini, Ashley Craig, Claire Hutchinson, Deborah Field
PURPOSE: Media-based rehabilitation provides a powerful opportunity to examine vocational behaviors in the disability sector. However, this research is preliminary at best. This paper reports pilot data. METHOD: Eighteen adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) accessed an email-delivered, resource-based package, Work and MS. Pre- and post-access vocational self-efficacy and identity (Job-Procurement Self Efficacy Scale, My Vocational Situation Scale- primary outcomes), life orientation and depressed mood (Life Orientation Test - revised and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 - secondary outcomes) were assessed...
May 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260336/-the-relationship-among-depression-anxiety-stress-and-addictive-substance-use-behavior-in-5-935-secondary-vocational-students
#10
X D Yu, J C Yu, Q F Wu, J Y Chen, Y C Wang, D Yan, S W Teng, Y T Zhao, J P Cao, S Q Li, Y Q Yan, J Gong, K Yao, H Zhou, Z Z Wang
Objective: To investigate the relationship among depression, anxiety, stress and addictive substance use behavior in secondary vocational students. Methods: Cluster sampling method and the Adolescent Health-related Behaviors Questionnaire were used to collect demographic characteristics, psychological symptoms, and addictive substance usage among 5 935 students in nine vocational schools in Chongqing, Zhaoqing, Ningbo, and Taiyuan. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between the addictive substance use behavior and psychological factors...
March 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220963/the-association-between-gender-ethnicity-and-suicidality-among-vocational-students-in-israel
#11
Joy Benatov, Ora Nakash, Shai Chen-Gal, Anat Brunstein Klomek
Gender and ethnicity are significant factors when evaluating suicidal risk, especially among ethnically diverse populations. In the current study we explored the association between gender, ethnicity, and suicide ideation and attempts among Arab and Jewish vocational education and training high school students in Israel. Students (N = 3,554) completed a self-report survey evaluating suicide ideation and attempts, depression, anxiety, somatization, and sense of belonging. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling indicated that female Arab adolescents had elevated levels of suicide ideation, higher rates of suicide attempts, and greater psychological distress than Arab males and Jewish students...
February 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206808/job-matching-an-interdisciplinary-scoping-study-with-implications-for-vocational-rehabilitation-counseling
#12
Marina Nützi, Bruno Trezzini, Lorenzo Medici, Urban Schwegler
PURPOSE: Matching a person's capabilities and characteristics with the demands and characteristics of their job is crucial for sustainable employment, in particular for persons with disabilities. The present study aims to summarize and synthesize conceptual and empirical knowledge on job matching (JM) from industrial and organizational psychology (IOP), vocational psychology (VP), and return to work (RTW) research. RESEARCH METHOD: We conducted a scoping study applying Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework and using eight electronic databases from psychology, economics, and medicine...
February 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150988/individual-differences-and-their-measurement-a-review-of-100-years-of-research
#13
Paul R Sackett, Filip Lievens, Chad H Van Iddekinge, Nathan R Kuncel
This article reviews 100 years of research on individual differences and their measurement, with a focus on research published in the Journal of Applied Psychology. We focus on 3 major individual differences domains: (a) knowledge, skill, and ability, including both the cognitive and physical domains; (b) personality, including integrity, emotional intelligence, stable motivational attributes (e.g., achievement motivation, core self-evaluations), and creativity; and (c) vocational interests. For each domain, we describe the evolution of the domain across the years and highlight major theoretical, empirical, and methodological developments, including relationships between individual differences and variables such as job performance, job satisfaction, and career development...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143461/what-explains-the-socioeconomic-status-gap-in-activity-educational-differences-in-determinants-of-physical-activity-and-screentime
#14
Nelli Hankonen, Matti T J Heino, Emilia Kujala, Sini-Tuuli Hynynen, Pilvikki Absetz, Vera Araújo-Soares, Katja Borodulin, Ari Haukkala
BACKGROUND: Designing evidence-based interventions to address socioeconomic disparities in health and health behaviours requires a better understanding of the specific explanatory mechanisms. We aimed to investigate a comprehensive range of potential theoretical mediators of physical activity (PA) and screen time in different socioeconomic status (SES) groups: a high SES group of high school students, and a low SES group of vocational school students. The COM-B system, including the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF), was used as a heuristic framework to synthesise different theoretical determinants in this exploratory study...
February 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000421/job-satisfaction-quality-of-work-life-and-work-motivation-in-employees-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Andreas Kocman, Germain Weber
BACKGROUND: Current research on employment options for people with Intellectual Disability emphasizes the importance of employee needs and satisfaction. The study aims at systematically reviewing the literature on job satisfaction and related constructs. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted. Studies were included if (i) they are specific to effects of work, (ii) assessed variables are related to job satisfaction, QoWL, attitudes towards work or work motivation and if (iii) studies reported intellectual disability-specific results...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988425/internet-addiction-disorder-personality-characteristics-and-risk-of-pathological-overuse-in-adolescents
#16
Donato Munno, Flora Cappellin, Marta Saroldi, Elisa Bechon, Fanny Guglielmucci, Roberto Passera, Giuseppina Zullo
AIM: Few studies have investigated Internet Addiction (IA) in adolescents in relation to personality characteristics. The aim of this study was to determine whether personality differences exist between adolescents with problematic/pathological Internet use and those with normal Internet use. Our hypothesis was that certain psychopathological personality traits may predispose to the development of maladaptive Internet use. METHODS: The Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent (MMPI-A) were administered to a sample of 224 high school students...
February 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889604/suicidal-ideation-plans-and-attempts-among-medical-college-students-in-china-the-effect-of-their-parental-characteristics
#17
Long Sun, Chengchao Zhou, Lingzhong Xu, Shixue Li, Fanlei Kong, Jie Chu
Medical college students are a high-risk population of suicidal ideation, plan and attempt. However, few studies discuss the effect of parental characteristics on suicidal ideation, plans and attempts among medical college students in China. A total of 2198 respondents answered the questionnaires referring social-demographic characteristics, psychological conditions, parental characteristics, suicidal ideation, plan and attempt. The prevalence of suicidal ideation, plan and attempt among the subjects were 17...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847930/work-activity-in-the-process-of-recovery-an-interpretive-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-people-with-a-schizophrenia-spectrum-diagnosis
#18
Anna Pańczak, Igor Pietkiewicz
OBJECTIVES: Having the opportunity to work has been found meaningful for individuals suffering from severe mental illness, in order to boost their self-esteem, provide a sense of control over their lives and of belonging to a community. There are no studies in Polish literature on the process of recovery from schizophrenia with reference to work activity. The objective of this research was to explore personal experiences of people employed in Vocational Development Centers. METHODS: Eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with adult patients...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818368/psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures
#19
REVIEW
Robert C Doss, W Curt LaFrance
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are diagnosed in at least 10-40% of the patients seen for long-term monitoring of epilepsy, and it is no surprise that patients with PNES are often treated for epilepsy. Given the substantial economic costs and mental health burden of misdiagnosis, it is imperative to establish early identification, correct diagnosis, and effective treatment of PNES in order to provide the greatest opportunity for remission of events, improved psychological functioning, and social-vocational outcome...
December 1, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771822/-life-is-at-a-standstill-quality-of-life-after-lower-extremity-trauma-in-malawi
#20
Racquel E Kohler, Jared Tomlinson, Tiyamike Eletima Chilunjika, Sven Young, Mina Hosseinipour, Clara N Lee
PURPOSE: Low- and middle-income countries face a disproportionate burden of death and disability from injuries, many of which are due to road traffic accidents or falls. Lower extremity injuries in particular have implications not only for physical disabilities affecting work and school performance, but also for quality of life (QOL) of the individual. This qualitative study explores the psychosocial impact and QOL changes due to lower extremity injuries among trauma patients in central Malawi...
April 2017: Quality of Life Research
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