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Vocational Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810447/healthcare-professionals-experiences-of-perinatal-loss-a-systematic-review
#1
Gabriella Gandino, Antonella Bernaudo, Giulia Di Fini, Ilaria Vanni, Fabio Veglia
Healthcare professionals' psychological involvement in perinatal loss is a largely overlooked subject by healthcare systems, scientific research and prevention policies. A systematic scientific review has been carried out about emotional experiences, attributed meanings and needs conveyed by healthcare professionals in relation to perinatal loss. We identified 213 studies between 1985 and 2015, 20 of which were included in the present study for qualitative analysis. Our results point out the need for a targeted vocational training in perinatal loss, enabling healthcare professionals to achieve a proper management of their own internal states...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776874/overall-and-domain-specific-life-satisfaction-when-living-with-familial-alzheimer-s-disease-risk-a-quantitative-approach
#2
Mette Bergman, Caroline Graff, Maria Eriksdotter, Marja Schuster, Kerstin S Fugl-Meyer
In this study, we explored life satisfaction and sense of coherence in relation to biopsychosocial variables in individuals at risk for the development of familial Alzheimer's disease. Forty nine individuals (response rate: 96%) were interviewed. Life satisfaction was found to be high for the majority of participants. Those who were older than the expected age of onset of disease, those <6 years' inclusion in the Familial Alzheimer's disease biomarker study, and males tended to experience positive psychological health...
August 4, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732491/job-retention-vocational-rehabilitation-for-employed-people-with-inflammatory-arthritis-work-ia-a-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Alison Hammond, Rachel O'Brien, Sarah Woodbridge, Lucy Bradshaw, Yeliz Prior, Kate Radford, June Culley, Diane Whitham, Ruth Pulikottil-Jacob
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory arthritis leads to work disability, absenteeism and presenteeism (i.e. at-work productivity loss) at high cost to individuals, employers and society. A trial of job retention vocational rehabilitation (VR) in the United States identified this helped people keep working. The effectiveness of this VR in countries with different socioeconomic policies and conditions, and its impact on absenteeism, presenteeism and health, are unknown. This feasibility study tested the acceptability of this VR, modified for the United Kingdom, compared to written advice about managing work problems...
July 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727670/effect-of-psychosocial-and-vocational-interventions-on-return-to-work-rates-post-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-systematic-review
#4
Lisa OʼBrien, Sonal Wallace, Lorena Romero
PURPOSE: To examine whether the effects of psychosocial and vocational interventions delivered in the first 3 mo post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are effective for improving work outcomes compared with other interventions. METHODS: A search was completed for English language publications up to March 2016 across 4 electronic databases and gray literature. Inclusion criteria were (1) psychosocial and/or vocational interventions; (2) adults 18 years or older with an AMI who were within the first 3 mo post-AMI; (3) randomized or clinically controlled trials; and (4) reporting of at least 1 return-to-work (RTW) outcome: including return to paid/unpaid employment, either full-time or part-time, to the previous job role or on modified duties...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657641/life-satisfaction-in-spouses-of-stroke-survivors-and-control-subjects-a-7-year-follow-up-of-participants-in-the-sahlgrenska-academy-study-on-ischaemic-stroke
#5
Tamar Abzhandadze, Gunilla Forsberg-Wärleby, Lukas Holmegaard, Petra Redfors, Christina Jern, Christian Blomstrand, Katarina Jood
OBJECTIVE: To investigate life satisfaction in spouses of middle-aged stroke survivors from the long-term perspective and to identify factors that explain their life satisfaction. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, case-control study. SUBJECTS: Cohabitant spouses of survivors of ischaemic stroke aged < 70 years at stroke onset (n = 248) and spouses of controls (n = 246). METHODS: Assessments were made 7 years after inclusion to the study...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637156/the-sink-or-swim-hypothesis-a-roadmap-from-pathology-to-work-instability
#6
Bilal Akter Mateen, Catherine Doogan, Kate Hayward, Susan Hourihan, Joanne Hurford, E Diane Playford
PURPOSE: Selecting the most appropriate health-related work outcome to evaluate an intervention can be fraught with difficulty. To aid clinicians in navigating this problem we have developed a model, which illustrates how pathology can affect specific measureable quantities, such as work instability. METHODS: Using a modified-Delphi procedure, a panel of experts met initially to analyze the content of 95 health-related work outcome measures and organize the identified areas of measurement into a coherent model, complemented by a narrative review of the literature...
March 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539092/work-remains-meaningful-despite-time-out-of-the-workplace-and-chronic-pain
#7
Sara Saunders, Bernadette Nedelec, Ellen MacEachen
PURPOSE: Although work has been found to be meaningful and a source of motivation to return to work in certain disabled populations, it was unclear if this was also true for people experiencing a long period of unemployment and job loss due to a musculoskeletal injury. Therefore, the aim of this phenomenological study was to explore the meaning of work for those with chronic work disability due to a musculoskeletal injury. METHOD: The data from 27 interviews, conducted with 9 participants, was analyzed using the Empirical Phenomenological Psychological method...
May 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517943/implications-of-parent-child-relationships-for-emerging-adults-subjective-feelings-about-adulthood
#8
Anna K Lindell, Nicole Campione-Barr, Sarah E Killoren
Little is known about the role of parents in promoting their children's successful transition to adulthood, particularly for college students who may maintain stronger ties to parents than other emerging adults. The present study therefore investigated longitudinal implications of parent-child relationship qualities during emerging adults' first year of college for their feelings about the upcoming transition to adulthood 3 years later, as well as implications of 3 types of parental control (behavioral control, psychological control, helicopter parenting) for these associations...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503954/experiences-of-employment-among-young-people-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-qualitative-study
#9
Helen Hanson, Ruth I Hart, Ben Thompson, Janet E McDonagh, Rachel Tattersall, Alison Jordan, Helen E Foster
PURPOSE: This study explored expectations and experiences of employment among young people with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and the role of health professionals in promoting positive employment outcomes. METHODS: Semistructured interviews (n = 13) and three focus groups (n = 9, n = 4, n = 3) were conducted with young people (16-25 y) and adults (26-31 y) with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and semistructured interviews (n = 9) were conducted with health professionals...
May 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481893/evaluation-of-a-transdiagnostic-psychodynamic-online-intervention-to-support-return-to-work-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jan Becker, Katharina Gerzymisch, Martin Siepmann, Martin Holme, Ulrich Kiwus, Sieglinde Spörl-Dönch, Manfred E Beutel
OBJECTIVES: Given their flexibility, online interventions may be useful as an outpatient treatment option to support vocational reintegration after inpatient rehabilitation. To that purpose we devised a transdiagnostic psychodynamic online intervention to facilitate return to work, focusing on interpersonal conflicts at the workplace often responsible for work-related stress. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, we included employed patients from cardiologic, psychosomatic and orthopedic rehabilitation with work-related stress or need for support at intake to inpatient rehabilitation after they had given written consent to take part in the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452731/quality-of-life-of-people-living-with-hiv-identification-of-the-determinants
#11
D Mauyenova, L Karp, B Zhussupov, M Abilmazhinov
The high prevalence rate of HIV worldwide, including the Republic of Kazakhstan (the RK), in large cities in particular, underlies the tremendous significance of this medical condition for society, economy, demography and healthcare. The objective of this study was to identify the most important determinants of quality of life (QL) of people living with HIV in a large city. The study was carried out in 3 stages. At the first stage, the HIV morbidity and PLH mortality figures over the period of 10 years (2005-2014) in a metropolis (the city of Astana) were analyzed in comparison to the general ones for the Republic...
February 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447833/ten-year-trajectories-of-stressors-and-resources-at-work-cumulative-and-chronic-effects-on-health-and-well-being
#12
Ivana Igic, Anita C Keller, Achim Elfering, Franziska Tschan, Wolfgang Kälin, Norbert K Semmer
Employing 5 waves of measurement over a period of 10 years, we explored the effects of exposure to constellations of conditions at work on physical and psychological strain, estimating the history of exposure over time. Specifically, we first tested if the 4 constellations postulated by the job demand-control (JDC) model, extended to include social stressors, could be identified empirically over time through a person-centered analysis. Second, we tested 2 specific effects of the history of exposure on physical and psychological strain: cumulative effects (i...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397306/a-review-of-cognitive-impairments-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-implications-for-cognitive-behaviour-therapy
#13
Anastasia Hronis, Lynette Roberts, Ian I Kneebone
OBJECTIVE: Nearly half of children with intellectual disability (ID) have comorbid affective disorders. These problems are chronic if left untreated and can significantly impact upon future vocational, educational, and social opportunities. Despite this, there is a paucity of research into effective treatments for this population. Notably, one of the most supported of psychological therapies, cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), remains largely uninvestigated in children with ID. The current review considers the neuropsychological profile of children and adolescents with mild to moderate ID, with a view to informing how CBT might best be adapted for children and adolescents with ID...
June 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333474/examining-the-psychology-of-working-theory-decent-work-among-sexual-minorities
#14
Richard P Douglass, Brandon L Velez, Sarah E Conlin, Ryan D Duffy, Jessica W England
Research has found heterosexist discrimination negatively relates to vocational outcomes among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people, but no known study has examined how heterosexist discrimination relates to the attainment of decent work. Building from the Psychology of Working Theory, which proposes that specific forms of marginalization coupled with economic constraints limit a person's ability to secure decent work, the present study examined theoretically hypothesized pathways to decent work among a sample of employed sexual minority adults...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321516/validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-short-form-of-the-dysfunctional-beliefs-and-attitudes-about-sleep-scale-dbas-16
#15
Christin Lang, Serge Brand, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Uwe Pühse, Flora Colledge, Markus Gerber
Research shows that dysfunctional sleep-related cognitions play an important role in the development, maintenance and exacerbation of insomnia. This study examines the factorial validity, psychometric properties and both concurrent and predictive validity of the German version of the 16-item DBAS (dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep) scale. Data was collected in 864 vocational students from the German-speaking part of Switzerland (43% females, M age = 17.9 years). Data collection took place twice within a 10-month interval...
June 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293978/piloting-an-email-based-resource-package-for-job-seekers-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Diana Dorstyn, Rachel Roberts, Gregory Murphy, Ian Kneebone, Christine Migliorini, Ashley Craig, Claire Hutchinson, Deborah Field
PURPOSE: Media-based rehabilitation provides a powerful opportunity to examine vocational behaviors in the disability sector. However, this research is preliminary at best. This paper reports pilot data. METHOD: Eighteen adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) accessed an email-delivered, resource-based package, Work and MS. Pre- and post-access vocational self-efficacy and identity (Job-Procurement Self Efficacy Scale, My Vocational Situation Scale- primary outcomes), life orientation and depressed mood (Life Orientation Test - revised and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 - secondary outcomes) were assessed...
May 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260336/-the-relationship-among-depression-anxiety-stress-and-addictive-substance-use-behavior-in-5-935-secondary-vocational-students
#17
X D Yu, J C Yu, Q F Wu, J Y Chen, Y C Wang, D Yan, S W Teng, Y T Zhao, J P Cao, S Q Li, Y Q Yan, J Gong, K Yao, H Zhou, Z Z Wang
Objective: To investigate the relationship among depression, anxiety, stress and addictive substance use behavior in secondary vocational students. Methods: Cluster sampling method and the Adolescent Health-related Behaviors Questionnaire were used to collect demographic characteristics, psychological symptoms, and addictive substance usage among 5 935 students in nine vocational schools in Chongqing, Zhaoqing, Ningbo, and Taiyuan. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between the addictive substance use behavior and psychological factors...
March 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220963/the-association-between-gender-ethnicity-and-suicidality-among-vocational-students-in-israel
#18
Joy Benatov, Ora Nakash, Shai Chen-Gal, Anat Brunstein Klomek
Gender and ethnicity are significant factors when evaluating suicidal risk, especially among ethnically diverse populations. In the current study we explored the association between gender, ethnicity, and suicide ideation and attempts among Arab and Jewish vocational education and training high school students in Israel. Students (N = 3,554) completed a self-report survey evaluating suicide ideation and attempts, depression, anxiety, somatization, and sense of belonging. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling indicated that female Arab adolescents had elevated levels of suicide ideation, higher rates of suicide attempts, and greater psychological distress than Arab males and Jewish students...
February 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206808/job-matching-an-interdisciplinary-scoping-study-with-implications-for-vocational-rehabilitation-counseling
#19
Marina Nützi, Bruno Trezzini, Lorenzo Medici, Urban Schwegler
PURPOSE: Matching a person's capabilities and characteristics with the demands and characteristics of their job is crucial for sustainable employment, in particular for persons with disabilities. The present study aims to summarize and synthesize conceptual and empirical knowledge on job matching (JM) from industrial and organizational psychology (IOP), vocational psychology (VP), and return to work (RTW) research. RESEARCH METHOD: We conducted a scoping study applying Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework and using eight electronic databases from psychology, economics, and medicine...
February 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150988/individual-differences-and-their-measurement-a-review-of-100-years-of-research
#20
Paul R Sackett, Filip Lievens, Chad H Van Iddekinge, Nathan R Kuncel
This article reviews 100 years of research on individual differences and their measurement, with a focus on research published in the Journal of Applied Psychology. We focus on 3 major individual differences domains: (a) knowledge, skill, and ability, including both the cognitive and physical domains; (b) personality, including integrity, emotional intelligence, stable motivational attributes (e.g., achievement motivation, core self-evaluations), and creativity; and (c) vocational interests. For each domain, we describe the evolution of the domain across the years and highlight major theoretical, empirical, and methodological developments, including relationships between individual differences and variables such as job performance, job satisfaction, and career development...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
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