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Vocational Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258496/teaching-young-gps-to-cope-with-psychosocial-consultations-without-prescribing-a-durable-impact-of-an-e-module-on-determinants-of-benzodiazepines-prescribing
#1
Hanne Creupelandt, Sibyl Anthierens, Hilde Habraken, Tom Declercq, Coral Sirdifield, Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena, Thierry Christiaens
BACKGROUND: Despite guidelines and campaigns to change prescribing behavior, General Practitioners (GPs) continue to overprescribe benzodiazepines (BZDs). New approaches to improve prescribing are needed. Using behavior change techniques and tailoring interventions to user characteristics are vital to promote behavior change. This study evaluated the impact of an e-module on factors known to determine BZD prescribing practice. METHODS: A tailored e-module that focuses on avoiding initial BZD prescriptions (and using psychological interventions as an alternative) was developed and offered to GPs in vocational training...
December 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248096/adolescent-and-young-adult-injuries-in-developing-economies-a-comparative-analysis-from-oman-and-kenya
#2
Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Niloufer Taber, Amber Mehmood, Yuen Wai Hung, Isaac Botchey, Ammar Al-Kashmiri, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a distinct period of rapid and dramatic biological, cognitive, psychological, and social development. The burden of injuries among young people (aged 10-24) is both substantial and maldistributed across regions and levels of economic development. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to compare sociodemographic correlates of injury cause, intentionality, and mortality between Kenya and Oman, 2 countries with different levels of economic development and position in the demographic and epidemiologic transitions...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154573/topics-in-the-journal-of-counseling-psychology-1963-2015
#3
JungSu Oh, Alan E Stewart, Rosemary E Phelps
Historical trends in a scientific field should be apparent in the changing content of journal articles over time. Using a topic modeling approach, a statistical method for quantifying the thematic content of text, 70 topics were extracted from the abstracts of 3,603 articles published in the Journal of Counseling Psychology from 1963 to 2015. After examining interpretability of 70 topics derived from the model, 64 meaningful topics and their trends were named. In addition, the authors also classified some of the related topics into 4 categories-counseling process and outcome, multiculturalism, research methodology, and vocational psychology...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135426/integrated-supported-employment-for-people-with-schizophrenia-in-mainland-china-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Guo Fu Zhang, Chi Man Tsui, Aisia Jiang Bo Lu, Li Bo Yu, Hector Wing Hong Tsang, Da Li
OBJECTIVE: In this randomized controlled trial, we investigated the effectiveness of integrated supported employment (ISE) compared with individual placement and support (IPS) and traditional vocational rehabilitation (TVR) for people with schizophrenia in mainland China. METHOD: One hundred and sixty-two participants with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to ISE (n = 54), IPS (n = 54), or TVR (n = 54). Blinded assessments of employment status, job tenure, and psychological outcomes were conducted at admission; completion of the 3-mo program; and follow-up at 7, 11, and 15 mo...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125906/narrative-review-of-the-educational-vocational-and-financial-needs-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-recommendations-for-support-and-research
#5
Joanna E Fardell, Claire E Wakefield, Pandora Patterson, Alistair Lum, Richard J Cohn, Simon A Pini, Ursula M Sansom Daly
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer have unique needs around education and vocation during and after treatment. This narrative review series aims at documenting the unique needs of AYAs from the current literature and at providing recommendations to inform an update of the Australian National Service Delivery Framework for AYAs with Cancer. AYAs with cancer may experience impairments to cognitive, physical, and psychological functioning and health, which can adversely affect their academic grades, peer relationships, and likelihood of entering the workforce...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101645/the-impact-of-family-centered-prevention-on-self-regulation-and-subsequent-long-term-risk-in-emerging-adults
#6
Elizabeth Stormshak, David DeGarmo, Krista Chronister, Allison Caruthers
Emerging adulthood is characterized by not only opportunity and transition but also a substantial increase in risk behaviors (Fosco et al. Journal of Family Psychology, 26(4), 565-575, 2012; Johnston et al. 2016). Building on prior research, we tested a mediational model hypothesizing that Family Check-Up (FCU) intervention effects on young adult risk would be mediated by increases in self-regulation, and that these changes would continue to affect risk behavior as high school youths transitioned to young adulthood...
November 3, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099115/el-rendimiento-acad%C3%A3-mico-de-los-estudiantes-de-las-licenciaturas-de-m%C3%A3-dico-cirujano-y-fisioterapia-determinado-por-an%C3%A3-lisis-predictivo
#7
María Esther Urrutia Aguilar, Efrén Raúl Ponce Rosas, Silvia Ortiz León, Laura Peñaloza Ochoa, Rosalinda Guevara Guzmán
Objective: To identify and compare the predictive agents associated with medical students´ academic performance that are undertaking cellular biology and human histology, as well as those physiotherapists that take molecular, cellular and tissue biology. Methods: An academic follow up was carried out during school. Tools on previous knowledge, vocation, psychological and confrontational means were applied at the beginning of the school year; and the last two were applied two more times afterwards...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041954/combined-cognitive-and-vocational-interventions-after-mild-to-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Emilie I Howe, Knut-Petter S Langlo, Hans Christoffer Aargaard Terjesen, Cecilie Røe, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Helene L Søberg, Unni Sveen, Eline Aas, Heidi Enehaug, Daniele E Alves, Pål Klethagen, Kjersti Sagstad, Christine M Moen, Karin Torsteinsbrend, Anne-Margrethe Linnestad, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Birte Sand Rismyhr, Grete Wangen, Juan Lu, Jennie Ponsford, Elizabeth W Twamley, Helene Ugelstad, Øystein Spjelkavik, Marianne Løvstad, Nada Andelic
BACKGROUND: A considerable proportion of patients with mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience long-lasting somatic, cognitive, and emotional symptoms that may hamper their capacity to return to work (RTW). Although several studies have described medical, psychological, and work-related factors that predict RTW after TBI, well-controlled intervention studies regarding RTW are scarce. Furthermore, there has traditionally been weak collaboration among health-related rehabilitation services, the labor and welfare sector, and workplaces...
October 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990965/calling-to-nursing-concept-analysis
#9
Christie Emerson
The aims of this article are (a) to analyze the concept of a calling as it relates nursing and (b) to develop a definition of calling to nursing with the detail and clarity needed to guide reliable and valid research. The classic steps described by Walker and Avant are used for the analysis. Literature from several disciplines is reviewed including vocational psychology, Christian career counseling, sociology, organizational management, and nursing. The analysis provides an operational definition of a calling to nursing and establishes 3 defining attributes of the concept: (a) a passionate intrinsic motivation or desire (perhaps with a religious component), (b) an aspiration to engage in nursing practice, as a means of fulfilling one's purpose in life, and (c) the desire to help others as one's purpose in life...
October 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981300/correction-to-bamberger-et-al-2017
#10
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Does College Alcohol Consumption Impact Employment Upon Graduation? Findings From a Prospective Study" by Peter A. Bamberger, Jaclyn Koopmann, Mo Wang, Mary Larimer, Inbal Nahum-Shani, Irene Geisner and Samuel B. Bacharach (Journal of Applied Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Aug 24, 2017, np). In the original article, the authors incorrectly used the term "probability" instead of the term "odds" when relating to the impact of drinking in college on post-graduation employment. The abstract should note "a roughly 10% reduction in the odds ...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942906/the-underutilization-of-rehabilitation-to-treat-physical-impairments-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#11
REVIEW
Michael D Stubblefield
Breast cancer survivors can experience multiple neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, pain, and functional disorders as a result of their cancer and its treatment. Common disorders include shoulder dysfunction, postmastectomy syndrome, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, axillary cording, lymphedema, and a host of others. Cancer rehabilitation is a process that helps breast cancer and other survivors to obtain and maintain the highest possible physical, social, psychological, and vocational functioning within the limits created by cancer and its treatments...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937497/cognitive-skills-training-for-homeless-transition-age-youth-feasibility-and-pilot-efficacy-of-a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alice Medalia, Alice M Saperstein, Yanlan Huang, Seonjoo Lee, Elizabeth J Ronan
Cognitive impairments are common in homeless youth and negatively impact academic and vocational outcomes. We examined the feasibility and efficacy of cognitive interventions provided to 18- to 22-year-old homeless youth living in urban supportive housing. Ninety-one homeless youth were randomized to receive either targeted cognitive training (cognitive remediation) or general cognitive activation (computer skills training). Cognitive and psychological outcomes were assessed at baseline, after 13 and 26 sessions, and 1 month postintervention...
November 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887796/enabling-work-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-persons-with-occupational-injuries-and-diseases-a-scoping-review
#13
REVIEW
Alexa Jane T Blas, Kenneth Matthew B Beltran, Pauline Gail V Martinez, Daryl Patrick G Yao
Purpose This review aims to map the scope of published research on occupational therapy (OT) interventions and pertinent work and work-related outcomes for persons with occupational injuries and diseases. Methods The scoping review adapted Arksey and O'Malley's framework. Six electronic databases were searched. Ancestral search was also done on five systematic reviews. The search was conducted from September 2015 to October 2015. Interventions and outcomes were coded using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation to plot trends...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881361/-practicals-in-a-psychiatric-clinic-for-occupational-orientation-in-pupils
#14
Annette Schaub, Kim Mueser, Ann-Kathrin Schmidt, Gabriele Koller, Peter Falkai
This pilot study investigates the implementation of a practical program for pupils including psychoeducation aimed to educate them about professions in psychiatry. 29 persons aged between 16-21 years were included in the program for vocational orientation at the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Munich, from 2013-2016. The 1-2-week program provides information about job descriptions of psychologists and physicians. On average the pupils performed at M=2.75, SD=0.64 and they were motivated...
September 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830543/chinese-non-psychiatric-hospital-doctors-attitudes-toward-management-of-psychological-psychiatric-problems
#15
Jun Wang, Qun Wang, Inoka Wimalaratne, David Benjamin Menkes, Xiaoping Wang
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric comorbidities are common among patients treated for physical disorders. Attitudes of non-psychiatric doctors toward psychological/psychiatric problems have significant implications for care provision in the general hospital setting. Our objective was to investigate non-psychiatric doctors' attitudes in China. METHOD: An anonymous online questionnaire pertaining to relevant attitudes was distributed to Chinese hospital-based non-psychiatric doctors using a mobile App...
August 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810447/healthcare-professionals-experiences-of-perinatal-loss-a-systematic-review
#16
Gabriella Gandino, Antonella Bernaudo, Giulia Di Fini, Ilaria Vanni, Fabio Veglia
Healthcare professionals' psychological involvement in perinatal loss is a largely overlooked subject by healthcare systems, scientific research and prevention policies. A systematic scientific review has been carried out about emotional experiences, attributed meanings and needs conveyed by healthcare professionals in relation to perinatal loss. We identified 213 studies between 1985 and 2015, 20 of which were included in the present study for qualitative analysis. Our results point out the need for a targeted vocational training in perinatal loss, enabling healthcare professionals to achieve a proper management of their own internal states...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776874/overall-and-domain-specific-life-satisfaction-when-living-with-familial-alzheimer-s-disease-risk-a-quantitative-approach
#17
Mette Bergman, Caroline Graff, Maria Eriksdotter, Marja Schuster, Kerstin S Fugl-Meyer
In this study, we explored life satisfaction and sense of coherence in relation to biopsychosocial variables in individuals at risk for the development of familial Alzheimer's disease. Forty nine individuals (response rate: 96%) were interviewed. Life satisfaction was found to be high for the majority of participants. Those who were older than the expected age of onset of disease, those <6 years' inclusion in the Familial Alzheimer's disease biomarker study, and males tended to experience positive psychological health...
August 4, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732491/job-retention-vocational-rehabilitation-for-employed-people-with-inflammatory-arthritis-work-ia-a-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Alison Hammond, Rachel O'Brien, Sarah Woodbridge, Lucy Bradshaw, Yeliz Prior, Kate Radford, June Culley, Diane Whitham, Ruth Pulikottil-Jacob
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory arthritis leads to work disability, absenteeism and presenteeism (i.e. at-work productivity loss) at high cost to individuals, employers and society. A trial of job retention vocational rehabilitation (VR) in the United States identified this helped people keep working. The effectiveness of this VR in countries with different socioeconomic policies and conditions, and its impact on absenteeism, presenteeism and health, are unknown. This feasibility study tested the acceptability of this VR, modified for the United Kingdom, compared to written advice about managing work problems...
July 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727670/effect-of-psychosocial-and-vocational-interventions-on-return-to-work-rates-post-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-systematic-review
#19
Lisa OʼBrien, Sonal Wallace, Lorena Romero
PURPOSE: To examine whether the effects of psychosocial and vocational interventions delivered in the first 3 mo post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are effective for improving work outcomes compared with other interventions. METHODS: A search was completed for English language publications up to March 2016 across 4 electronic databases and gray literature. Inclusion criteria were (1) psychosocial and/or vocational interventions; (2) adults 18 years or older with an AMI who were within the first 3 mo post-AMI; (3) randomized or clinically controlled trials; and (4) reporting of at least 1 return-to-work (RTW) outcome: including return to paid/unpaid employment, either full-time or part-time, to the previous job role or on modified duties...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657641/life-satisfaction-in-spouses-of-stroke-survivors-and-control-subjects-a-7-year-follow-up-of-participants-in-the-sahlgrenska-academy-study-on-ischaemic-stroke
#20
Tamar Abzhandadze, Gunilla Forsberg-Wärleby, Lukas Holmegaard, Petra Redfors, Christina Jern, Christian Blomstrand, Katarina Jood
OBJECTIVE: To investigate life satisfaction in spouses of middle-aged stroke survivors from the long-term perspective and to identify factors that explain their life satisfaction. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, case-control study. SUBJECTS: Cohabitant spouses of survivors of ischaemic stroke aged < 70 years at stroke onset (n = 248) and spouses of controls (n = 246). METHODS: Assessments were made 7 years after inclusion to the study...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
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