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Vocational Psychology

Racquel E Kohler, Jared Tomlinson, Tiyamike Eletima Chilunjika, Sven Young, Mina Hosseinipour, Clara N Lee
PURPOSE: Low- and middle-income countries face a disproportionate burden of death and disability from injuries, many of which are due to road traffic accidents or falls. Lower extremity injuries in particular have implications not only for physical disabilities affecting work and school performance, but also for quality of life (QOL) of the individual. This qualitative study explores the psychosocial impact and QOL changes due to lower extremity injuries among trauma patients in central Malawi...
October 22, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Mark B Warren, Kathryn M Schak
A diagnosis of Huntington's disease has broad social, vocational, reproductive and psychological implications. The ability to accurately diagnose the illness via genetic testing is not new. However, given a persistent lack of robustly effective interventions, it remains an area of ethical concern. The difficulty is compounded in cases of intellectual disability. This paper presents a case of genetic testing for Huntington's disease conducted on a patient with intellectual disability with guardian consent, but without the patient's direct knowledge and how the family illness narrative and psychiatric care were employed in the eventual disclosure of the patient's diagnosis and subsequent management...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Benjamin Banai, Višnja Perin
Psychological correlates of academic performance have always been of high relevance to psychological research. The relation between psychometric intelligence and academic performance is one of the most consistent and well-established findings in psychology. It is hypothesized that intelligence puts a limit on what an individual can learn or achieve. Moreover, a growing body of literature indicates a relationship between personality traits and academic performance. This relationship helps us to better understand how an individual will learn or achieve their goals...
2016: PloS One
David B Salisbury, Thomas D Parsons, Kimberley R Monden, Zina Trost, Simon J Driver
Purpose/Objective: To investigate the feasibility of brain-computer interface (BCI) with patients on an inpatient spinal cord injury (SCI) unit. Research Method/Design: This study included 25 participants aged 18-64 who sustained traumatic or nontraumatic SCI and did not have severe cognitive or psychiatric impairment. Participants completed a variety of screening measures related to cognition, psychological disposition, pain, and technology experience/interest. The Emotiv electroencephalography system was used in conjunction with a cube rotation and manipulation game presented on a laptop computer...
September 29, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Cyrille Burrus, Johanne Tuscher, Philippe Vuistiner, Gilles Rivier, Bertrand Léger, François Luthi
OBJECTIVE: Functional capacity evaluation (FCE) based on a safe maximal performance (kinesiophysical criteria), is used to evaluate abilities of a patient to accomplish work-related tasks that may help precise functional limitations. As known in chronic pain, psychosocial factors and behavioral factors have been shown to influence FCE. The influence of the "fear-avoidance" model on FCE is debated (van Abbema, 2011) and has never been studied with a full model. The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of the fear-avoidance model on FCE performance in patients admitted for vocational rehabilitation after orthopaedic trauma...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Johanna Morgounovski, Philippe Vuistiner, Bertrand Léger, François Luthi
OBJECTIVE: The fear-avoidance model (FAM) is commonly used in musculoskeletal chronic pain (Vlaeyen 2012). Nevertheless, only few prospective studies have been conducted, especially on return to work (RTW). This study lays the hypothesis that the components of the FAM (catastrophizing, kinesiophobia and depression) can predict RTW 1 year after a vocational rehabilitation for orthopedic trauma patients. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 323 rehab orthopedic trauma inpatients (average time after accident: 9 months) were included...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ulrika Rinaldo, John Selander
BACKGROUND: Absence from work due to musculoskeletal disorders is a significant problem from a number of perspectives, and there is a great need to identify factors that facilitate return to work (RTW). OBJECTIVE: To identify factors related to RTW after vocational rehabilitation for sick-listed workers with long-term back, neck and/or shoulder problems, and to compare the results with those from a previous literature review based on studies from 1980 to 2000. METHODS: A literature review based on studies published 2001-2014 in PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, ERIC and the Cochrane Library...
September 27, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Susanne Singer, Olga Husson, Iwona M Tomaszewska, Laura D Locati, Naomi Kiyota, Ulrike Scheidemann-Wesp, Dirk Hofmeister, Melanie Winterbotham, Christine Brannan, Cláudia Araújo, Eva M Gamper, Dagmara Kulis, Harald Rimmele, Guy Andry, Lisa Licitra
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to determine quality of life (QoL) issues that are relevant to thyroid cancer patients cross-culturally, and to identify those with highest relevance to them in addition to the more general issues covered by the core European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30). METHODS: A systematic literature search provided a list of potentially relevant QoL issues to supplement the core questionnaire EORTC QLQ-C30, which is widely used in research and in care and addresses QoL issues relevant to all groups of cancer patients...
October 12, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
A W Kashif, T S Walia, S K Salujha, S Chaudhury, S Sudarsanan, Msvk Raju, K Srivastava
A total of 40 patients with limb amputations were included in the present study aimed at evaluating the psychological status of amputees. All patients filled a specially designed proforma and the following psychological questionnaires: General Health Questionnaire, Carroll Rating Scale for Depression, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test and Disability Assessment Questionnaire. Analysis of the results showed that 29 (72.5%) of the amputees had psychiatric disorders and this number had reduced to 20 (50%) after therapy...
July 2004: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
N Scherbaum, M Specka, C Kaspar, T Mikoteit, B Lieb
Objectives: In the SUNRISE-project, the unemployment benefit office refers long-term unemployed clients (25-49 years old) to medical and psychological specialists of an addiction clinic, if substance-related problems are suspected as an obstacle for job placement. The present study aims at characterizing these clients with respect to educational qualifications, vocational training, diagnosed addictive disorders, and other mental disorders. Of special interest is the temporal sequence of unemployment and addictive disorders...
June 14, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
Rosalie A Torres Stone, Kathryn Sabella, Charles W Lidz, Colleen McKay, Lisa M Smith
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increased recognition of the importance of work for social and psychological well-being, the meaning of work for young adults with serious mental health conditions is understudied. This study uses a participatory action research approach to explore the economic, social and psychological significance of work for young adults diagnosed with psychiatric disabilities. METHOD: We conducted 57 one-hour semistructured interviews with young adults between the ages of 18 to 30 enrolled in 3 well established vocational support programs...
June 13, 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
G A Ten Hoor, G Kok, G M Rutten, R A C Ruiter, S P J Kremers, A M J W Schols, G Plasqui
BACKGROUND: Overweight youngsters are better in absolute strength exercises than their normal-weight counterparts; a physiological phenomenon with promising psychological impact. In this paper we describe the study protocol of the Dutch, school-based program 'Focus on Strength' that aims to improve body composition of 11-13 year old students, and with that to ultimately improve their quality of life. METHODS: The development of this intervention is based on the Intervention Mapping (IM) protocol, which starts from a needs assessment, uses theory and empirical research to develop a detailed intervention plan, and anticipates program implementation and evaluation...
2016: BMC Public Health
Maureen K O'Connor, Lisa Mueller, Eunice Kwon, Charles E Drebing, Ashley A O'Connor, Alicia Semiatin, Shihwe Wang, Ryan Daley
Work plays a significant role in how people identify themselves, and successful return to work is associated with significant psychological and rehabilitative benefits. Unfortunately, despite the many benefits of employment, Veterans who experience mild traumatic brain injury and have mental health issues often have significant difficulty getting their vocational needs met. Considering that a consistent relationship between cognitive dysfunction and difficulties with employability has been firmly established, cognitive rehabilitation may enhance engagement in vocational rehabilitation and return to work outcomes...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Diego Boerchi, Paola Magnano
Interests have been a central focus of counselling psychology (and vocational psychology in particular) for over 100 years. The awareness of professional interests increases self-knowledge and provides occupational information. In career counselling, vocational interests are assessed more frequently than any other vocational construct, though early evaluations (before 13 years old) of professional interests are very rare. The aim of this research is to examine the 3IP construct (Iconographic Professional Interests Inventory; an inventory composed of 65 stylised pictures that represent people in the act of performing a job) in depth, testing more models in addition to the 19 vocational areas proposed in the 3IP manual...
November 2015: Europe's journal of psychology
Nelli Hankonen, Matti T J Heino, Vera Araujo-Soares, Falko F Sniehotta, Reijo Sund, Tommi Vasankari, Pilvikki Absetz, Katja Borodulin, Antti Uutela, Taru Lintunen, Ari Haukkala
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) has been shown to decline during adolescence, and those with lower education have lower levels of activity already at this age, calling for targeted efforts for them. No previous study has demonstrated lasting effects of school-based PA interventions among older adolescents. Furthermore, these interventions have rarely targeted sedentary behaviour (SB) despite its relevance to health. The Let's Move It trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness and the cost-effectiveness of a school-based, multi-level intervention, on PA and SB, among vocational school students...
2016: BMC Public Health
Sanath Shetty, Fahad Mohammad, Rajesh Shetty, Kamalakanth Shenoy
Removal of an eye may be indicated in cases of congenital abnormality, severe trauma, or disease such as an infection, tumor, or malignancy. The disfigurement associated with a loss of an eye is often accompanied with physical problems, psychological trauma, and a poor quality of life. A prosthetic replacement is the treatment of choice to return the individual to his normal vocation by producing an acceptable and life-like appearance. This article describes prosthetic rehabilitation of a 19-year-old male suffering from facial hemiatrophy with the loss of his left eye due to retinoblastoma when he was 2-year-old using medically graded silicone material...
January 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Ashutosh Lal
Pain is a subjective symptom whose prevalence can be grossly underestimated. The high proportion of adults with thalassemia who experience chronic pain is evident from recent surveys. However, pain has not received enough attention in the overall management of thalassemia. The association of pain with the type and treatment of thalassemia or with its comorbidities is unclear. Abnormal spine imaging is seen in patients reporting pain, although the role of osteopenia has not been established. Pain becomes more frequent with age...
March 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
R Baumann
UNLABELLED: Principal objective: To verify if a psychological intervention targeting individuals with high resignation tendency prevents dropouts in vocational retraining. For individuals with high resignation tendency a high risk of dropping out was assumed under regular conditions. METHOD: Data was collected at 2 adult education institutes. At the beginning of vocational training the occupational inventory Work-related Behaviour and Experience Patterns (AVEM) was used...
June 2016: Die Rehabilitation
Eli Vakil, Dan Hoofien
OBJECTIVE: This is an invited paper for a special issue on international perspectives on training and practice in clinical neuropsychology. We provide a review of the status of clinical neuropsychology in Israel, including the history of neuropsychological, educational, and accreditation requirements to become a clinical neuropsychologist and to practice clinical neuropsychology. METHOD: The information is based primarily on the personal knowledge of the authors who have been practicing clinical neuropsychology for over three decades and hold various administrative and academic positions in this field...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Jacques Pouyaud
The notion of decent work was developed by the International Labour Organization 20 years ago. The notion is now well known by lawyers, economists, and sociologists, and even if it appears difficult to define it clearly, it constitutes a useful general framework with which to think of the relationships between policy practices, work market globalization, and human rights principles. The fields of career guidance and counseling psychology are highly concerned by questions of social justice and human rights that people experience through work...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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