keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

symptom validity neuropsychology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903334/applying-an-evidence-based-assessment-model-to-identify-students-at-risk-for-perceived-academic-problems-following-concussion
#1
Danielle M Ransom, Alison R Burns, Eric A Youngstrom, Christopher G Vaughan, Maegan D Sady, Gerard A Gioia
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the utility of an evidence-based assessment (EBA) model to establish a multimodal set of tools for identifying students at risk for perceived post-injury academic problems. METHODS: Participants included 142 students diagnosed with concussion (age: M=14.95; SD=1.80; 59% male), evaluated within 4 weeks of injury (median=16 days). Demographics, pre-injury history, self- and parent-report measures assessing symptom severity and executive functions, and cognitive test performance were examined as predictors of self-reported post-injury academic problems...
November 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898153/postconcussive-symptom-overreporting-in-iraq-afghanistan-veterans-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Sarah M Jurick, Elizabeth W Twamley, Laura D Crocker, Chelsea C Hays, Henry J Orff, Shahrokh Golshan, Amy J Jak
A comprehensive evaluation, including the assessment of neurobehavioral symptoms, has been instituted at the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system to address the large number of Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) Veterans returning with mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs). The Validity-10 is measure of symptom overreporting embedded within the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory, a component of the comprehensive evaluation that assesses postconcussive symptom severity...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846775/red-flags-in-the-clinical-interview-may-forecast-invalid-neuropsychological-testing
#3
Michael E Keesler, Kirstie McClung, Tawny Meredith-Duliba, Kelli Williams, Thomas Swirsky-Sacchetti
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating assessment validity is expected in neuropsychological evaluation, particularly in cases with identified secondary gain, where malingering or somatization may be present. Assessed with standalone measures and embedded indices, all within the testing portion of the examination, research on validity of self-report in the clinical interview is limited. Based on experience with litigation-involved examinees recovering from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), it was hypothesized that inconsistently reported date of injury (DOI) and/or loss of consciousness (LOC) might predict invalid performance on neurocognitive testing...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819490/neuropsychological-test-validity-in-veterans-presenting-with-subjective-complaints-of-very-severe-cognitive-symptoms-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Robert J Spencer, Brigid Waldron-Perrine, Lauren L Drag, Percival H Pangilinan, Bradley N Axelrod, Linas A Bieliauskas
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the utility of combining data from measures of performance validity and symptom validity among Veterans undergoing neuropsychological evaluation for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). BACKGROUND: Persistent cognitive impairments following mTBI are often reported by returning combat veterans. However, objectively-measured cognitive deficits are not common among individuals with mTBI, raising the question of whether negative impression management influences self-ratings...
November 7, 2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819401/-clinical-usefulness-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-cambridge-behavioural-inventory
#5
R Fernandez-Martinez, E Kokoulina, E Carballido-Araujo, I Garcia-Fuertes, O Gutierrez-Martinez, F Santiago-Lopez, P Vazquez-Batan
INTRODUCTION: An important area in neuropsychological assessment is that of psychological and behavioural symptoms. The Cambridge Behavioural Inventory (CBI) is a self-report measure aimed at relatives which takes account of a wide range of behavioural symptoms that may occur during the course of neurological diseases. The main objective of the study is to test the clinical usefulness of its Spanish adaptation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The CBI was completed by 215 members of kin of patients referred from neurology and psychiatry services...
November 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798222/predicting-cognition-and-psychosis-in-young-adults-with-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#6
Kevin M Antshel, Wanda Fremont, Seetha Ramanathan, Wendy R Kates
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent to which the trajectories of intellectual, academic achievement, executive functioning, attention, working memory, and emotion recognition tests will be predictive of psychosis in young adults with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS). METHODS: Eighty-two participants with 22q11DS were assessed for psychiatric disorders and neuropsychological functioning with validated instruments. Siblings and community controls were employed as comparison groups...
October 25, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785968/mild-traumatic-brain-injury-longitudinal-study-of-cognition-functional-status-and-post-traumatic-symptoms
#7
Sureyya Dikmen, Joan Machamer, Nancy Temkin
More than 75% of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) seeking medical attention are mild, and outcome in that group is heterogeneous. Until sensitive and valid biomarkers are identified, methods are needed to classify mild TBI into more homogeneous subgroups. Four hundred twenty-one adults with mild TBI were divided into groups based on Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 13-15 without computed tomography (CT) abnormalities, GCS 15 with CT abnormalities, and GCS 13-14 with CT abnormalities, and were compared with 120 trauma controls on 1-month and 1-year outcomes...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779298/-the-prefrontal-symptoms-inventory-psi-in-acquired-brain-injury-agreement-between-the-scores-of-patients-relatives-and-professionals
#8
E Huertas-Hoyas, E J Pedrero-Perez, M Martinez-Campos, M Laselle-Lopez
INTRODUCTION: The use of self-reports about symptoms of malfunctioning in daily life derived from functional deficits of a prefrontal origin has become widespread in clinical practice, since they allow incremental ecological validity to be added to other specific tests. Yet it remains to be determined whether self-assessment is sufficient on its own or if the participation of an external evaluator would be preferable. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Prefrontal Symptoms Inventory (PSI) was administered to 115 subjects being treated for a range of brain pathologies...
November 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769568/specific-frontostriatal-circuits-for-impaired-cognitive-flexibility-and-goal-directed-planning-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-evidence-from-resting-state-functional-connectivity
#9
Matilde M Vaghi, Petra E Vértes, Manfred G Kitzbichler, Annemieke M Apergis-Schoute, Febe E van der Flier, Naomi A Fineberg, Akeem Sule, Rashid Zaman, Valerie Voon, Prantik Kundu, Edward T Bullmore, Trevor W Robbins
BACKGROUND: A recent hypothesis has suggested that core deficits in goal-directed behavior in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are caused by impaired frontostriatal function. We tested this hypothesis in OCD patients and control subjects by relating measures of goal-directed planning and cognitive flexibility to underlying resting-state functional connectivity. METHODS: Multiecho resting-state acquisition, combined with micromovement correction by blood oxygen level-dependent sensitive independent component analysis, was used to obtain in vivo measures of functional connectivity in 44 OCD patients and 43 healthy comparison subjects...
August 11, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766190/somatization-in-post-concussion-syndrome-a-retrospective-study
#10
Kenneth Perrine, James C Gibaldi
This is a retrospective study of concussion patient data conducted to analyze the prevalence of somatization in patients presenting with post-concussion symptoms. Patient records from June 2010 to December 2015 were examined for concussion history, psychosocial history, neuropsychological test results, validity scores, and a symptom severity scale. Records meeting inclusion criteria from 33 males and 27 females were located. The sample had an age range of 11-78 years with a mean age of 33.40 (SD +/- 7.5 years)...
August 19, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750469/conceptual-model-and-cluster-analysis-of-behavioral-symptoms-in-two-cohorts-of-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injuries
#11
Shannon B Juengst, Galen Switzer, Byung Mo Oh, Patricia M Arenth, Amy K Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral changes often occur after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and can lead to poor health, psychosocial functioning, and quality of life. Challenges in evaluating these behaviors often result from the complexity and variability in the way they are conceptualized and defined. We propose and test a conceptual model that is specific to behavioral symptoms after TBI, to serve as a basis for better assessment and treatment. We hypothesized that clusters of individuals, with unique emotional, cognitive, and behavioral characteristics, would emerge that would illustrate this conceptual model...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720663/performance-based-assessment-of-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-validation-of-the-sydney-test-of-activities-of-daily-living-in-memory-disorders-stam
#12
Simone Reppermund, Rachael C Birch, John D Crawford, Jacqueline Wesson, Brian Draper, Nicole A Kochan, Julian N Trollor, Katharina Luttenberger, Henry Brodaty, Perminder S Sachdev
OBJECTIVES: The distinction between dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) relies upon the evaluation of independence in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). Self- and informant reports are prone to bias. Clinician-based performance tests are limited by long administration times, restricted access, or inadequate validation. To close this gap, we developed and validated a performance-based measure of IADL, the Sydney Test of Activities of Daily Living in Memory Disorders (STAM)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670676/following-international-trends-while-subject-to-past-traditions-neuropsychological-test-use-in-the-nordic-countries
#13
Jens Egeland, Marianne Løvstad, Anne Norup, Taina Nybo, Bengt A Persson, Diego Fernando Rivera, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Solrun Sigurdardottir, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: Historically, the neuropsychological test traditions of the four Nordic countries have spanned from the flexible and qualitative tradition of Luria-Christensen to the quantitative large battery approach of Halstead and Kløve-Matthews. This study reports current test use and discusses whether these traditions still influence attitudes toward test use and choice of tests. METHOD: The study is based on survey data from 702 Nordic neuropsychologists. RESULTS: The average participant used 9 tests in a standard assessment, and 25 tests overall in their practice...
September 27, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670574/neuropsychological-changes-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism-after-parathyroidectomy
#14
Jessica Y Liu, Neil D Saunders, Aaron Chen, Collin J Weber, Jyotirmay Sharma
Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs) of sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) are often subtle and effects of parathyroidectomy (PTX) on symptoms remains poorly characterized. Our aim was to evaluate effects of PTX on NPS in patients with PHPT. A prospective questionnaire was distributed to all patients undergoing PTX and to a thyroidectomy (TX) control group. The questionnaire included the validated scales Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) to assess for depression and anxiety respectively, as well as questions modified from Pasieka's Parathyroid Assessment of Symptoms (M-PAS)...
September 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660073/affective-biases-in-humans-and-animals
#15
E S J Robinson, J P Roiser
Depression is one of the most common but poorly understood psychiatric conditions. Although drug treatments and psychological therapies are effective in some patients, many do not achieve full remission and some patients receive no apparent benefit. Developing new improved treatments requires a better understanding of the aetiology of symptoms and evaluation of novel therapeutic targets in pre-clinical studies. Recent developments in our understanding of the basic cognitive processes that may contribute to the development of depression and its treatment offer new opportunities for both clinical and pre-clinical research...
2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639684/shared-neural-correlates-of-limb-apraxia-in-early-stages-of-alzheimer-s-dementia-and-behavioural-variant-frontotemporal-dementia
#16
Andreas Johnen, Lisa Brandstetter, Christian Kärgel, Heinz Wiendl, Hubertus Lohmann, Thomas Duning
Limb apraxia denotes a cognitive impairment of gesture production. Lesion studies in patients with stroke point towards distinct neural processing streams for limb imitation and object-pantomime within left parietal and temporal cortex, respectively. Despite its frequent occurrence as an early symptom in both, Alzheimer's dementia (AD) and behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), neural correlates of limb apraxia within these patient groups remain unexplored. Using voxel-based morphometry and multiple regression models, associations between limb apraxia and gray matter (GM) volume were investigated in 36 dementia patients (18 AD, 18 bvFTD) in early disease stages...
August 26, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600738/-prefrontal-symptoms-inventory-psi-ecological-validity-and-convergence-with-neuropsychological-measures
#17
E J Pedrero-Perez, J M Ruiz-Sanchez de Leon, G Rojo-Mota, S Morales-Alonso, J Pedrero-Aguilar, I Lorenzo, A Gonzalez
INTRODUCTION: The Prefrontal Symptoms Inventory (PSI) is a self-reported questionnaire, created in Spain, which asks about cognitive, emotional and behavioural alterations in activities of daily living and which can be applied in both the general population and in multiple clinical populations. There is a shorter 20-item version (PSI-20) with excellent psychomotor properties for screening. AIM: To study the convergent and divergent validity of the PSI and PSI-20, by analysing how their scales reflect the day-to-day consequences of real deficits found in neurological assessment performed by means of performance tests...
September 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472001/-the-value-of-neuropsychological-legal-evaluations
#18
C W Wallesch
In the context of neurological assessment, neuropsychological deficits, in particular of attention and memory functions, usually require additional neuropsychological evaluation. Clinical neuropsychology also has at its disposal an inventory of validated and standardized tests for assessing symptom validity. Procedure, test selection, quality criteria and limitations of neuropsychological expert medical evaluations are presented. Independent expert evaluations should be conducted by a qualified clinical neuropsychologist...
July 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267088/factor-analysis-of-the-msvt-nv-msvt-and-rbans-memory-subtests
#19
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Christopher L Hansen
OBJECTIVE: The current investigation sought to define the relationship between established performance validity tests and measures of memory via a factor analytic strategy first published by Heyanka, Thaler, Linck, Pastorek, Miller, Romesser, & Sim (2015). A Factor analytic approach to the validation of the Word Memory Test and Test of Memory Malingering as measures of effort and not memory. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 30, 369-376. METHOD: The full range of Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT) and Non-Verbal Medical Symptom Validity Test (NV-MSVT) subtests were factor analyzed with the memory scales of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) in a sample of 346 service members with a history of concussion...
August 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27219126/model-for-the-effects-of-invalid-styles-of-response
#20
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Paul Green
Over the last 20-25 years, considerable research has been devoted to the development of the science involved with detecting invalid symptom presentations and performances in psychological and neuropsychological examinations. Early work on these concepts drove the construction and validation of several measures of symptom and performance validity leading to the eventual utilization of these measures to establish base rates across various populations. More recent works have sought to demonstrate correlations between select domains and researchers have further labored to investigate the real world costs of invalid response styles...
November 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
keyword
keyword
115106
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"