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B12 nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785132/influence-of-fto-rs9939609-polymorphism-on-appetite-ghrelin-leptin-il6-tnf%C3%AE-levels-and-food-intake-of-women-with-morbid-obesity
#1
Fernanda Cristina Carvalho Mattos Magno, Helena Chrispim Guaraná, Ana Carolina Proença Fonseca, Giselda Maria Kalil Cabello, João Régis Ivar Carneiro, Aline Pereira Pedrosa, Ana Carolina Ximenes, Eliane Lopes Rosado
Background: The fat mass and obesity-related ( FTO ) gene has a strong relationship with obesity, extreme obesity and inflammatory state, and may also be associated with food intake regulation. Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the rs9939609 single-nucleotide polymorphism of the FTO gene on appetite, ghrelin, leptin, interleukin 6 (IL6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) levels and food intake of morbidly obese women. Materials and methods: The study comprised 70 women, aged between 20 and 48 years, from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777755/folic-acid-and-primary-prevention-of-neural-tube-defects-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Jan D van Gool, Herbert Hirche, Hildegard Lax, Luc De Schaepdrijver
With 4 mg folic acid daily, it may take 20 weeks to reach red-blood-cell folate levels between 1,050 and 1,340 nmol/L, optimal for reduction of the neural tube defect risk. Therefore, folic acid supplementation should be started 5-6 months before conception. The residual risk with optimal red-blood-cell folate levels is reportedly 4.5 per 10,000 total births. The residual risk in pooled data from countries with mandatory folic acid fortification is 7.5 per 10,000 pregnancies, regardless of pre-fortification rates...
May 16, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773950/could-autism-be-associated-with-nutritional-status-in-the-palestinian-population-the-outcomes-of-the-palestinian-micronutrient-survey
#3
Mohammad Altamimi
Background: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder. It is believed that the cause of autism is multifactorial, where genetic predispositions interact with environmental factors. In this context, micronutrients play a crucial role. Objective: To present evidence on current micronutrient status in Palestine and highlight its possible role in increasing problems of neurodevelopment disorders in general and autism in particular. Method: Analytical review of results...
2018: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772225/maternal-one-carbon-metabolism-through-increased-oxidative-stress-and-disturbed-angiogenesis-can-influence-placental-apoptosis-in-preeclampsia
#4
REVIEW
Vaishali V Kasture, Deepali P Sundrani, Sadhana R Joshi
Adequate maternal nutrition is critical for a healthy pregnancy outcome and poor maternal nutrition is known to be associated with pregnancy complications like preeclampsia. We have earlier demonstrated that there is an imbalance in the levels of micronutrients (folate and vitamin B12 ) along with low levels of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) and high homocysteine levels in women with preeclampsia. Homocysteine is known to be involved in the formation of free radicals leading to increased oxidative stress...
May 14, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766695/analysis-of-nutrition-and-nutritional-status-of-haemodialysis-patients
#5
Anna Bogacka, Anna Sobczak-Czynsz, Elżbieta Kucharska, Małgorzata Madaj, Katarzyna Stucka
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common disease of civilization where nutrition is part of the treatment. Diet therapy is difficult as it is necessary to control the intake of: energy, protein and minerals – Na, K, Ca and P in the daily food rations (DFR). Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional status and diets of haemodialysis (HD) patients. Material and method: The study involved 141 haemodialysis patients, at the average age of 65...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754386/nutritional-deficiencies-in-chinese-patients-undergoing-gastric-bypass-and-sleeve-gastrectomy-prevalence-and-predictors
#6
Bingsheng Guan, Jingge Yang, Yanya Chen, Wah Yang, Cunchuan Wang
BACKGROUND: Nutritional deficiencies have been reported in bariatric surgery patients with inconsistent results. However, scarce data exist for Chinese patients. We aimed to assess nutritional deficiencies in Chinese patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and to identify predictors of postoperative nutritional status. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was conducted in the patients undergoing RYGB and SG in our hospital between June 2013 and January 2017...
May 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746437/hematologic-findings-of-inherited-metabolic-disease-they-are-more-than-expected
#7
Ertan Sal, Idil Yenicesu, Ilyas Okur, Zuhre Kaya, Fatih S Ezgu, Ulker Kocak, Leyla Tumer, Turkiz Gursel, Alev Hasanoglu
Inherited metabolic diseases are pathologic conditions that generally develop as a result of impairment of the production or breakdown of protein, carbohydrate, and fatty acids. Early determination of hematological findings has a positive effect on the prognosis of metabolic diseases. Three hundred eighteen patients who were being followed-up within the previous 6 months at Department of Pediatric Nutrition and Metabolism, Gazi University, Turkey, were included in the study. The hematological findings were classified under 7 main groups: anemia of chronic disease, iron deficiency anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, hemophagocytosis, leukocytosis, and thrombocytosis...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725544/stability-of-folate-and-vitamin-b-12-in-human-serum-after-long-term-storage-a-follow-up-after-13-years
#8
Eugène H J M Jansen, Piet K Beekhof
In epidemiological and nutrition research, it is very important to evaluate the stability of biomarkers as function of both storage time and temperature. In this study, the stability of folate and vitamin B12 in human serum samples has been tested after long-term storage at -80°C up to 13 years. Serum samples of 16 individuals were used in this study. The concentration of folate and vitamin B12 has been determined at t =0 and at 1, 8, and 13 years after storage at -80°C. The folate concentrations in serum samples remained stable at -80°C...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718444/photobiology-of-vitamins
#9
Mark Lucock, Patrice Jones, Charlotte Martin, Zoe Yates, Martin Veysey, John Furst, Emma Beckett
This review explores contemporary ideas about the relationship between light exposure and vitamin biology. Nutritional biochemistry has long recognized the relationship between vitamins A and D and light exposure, but in recent years other vitamins have also been implicated in photoresponsive biological mechanisms that influence health, well-being, and even evolutionary processes. Interactions between light and vitamins can modify genotype-phenotype relationships across the life cycle, providing a basis for interesting new explanations relevant to wide aspects of human biology...
April 28, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697537/bariatric-surgery-and-gene-expression-in-the-gut
#10
Priscila Sala, M L Corrêa-Giannella, Dan L Waitzberg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review provides an overview of recent literature on new findings related to bariatric surgery and gut gene expression. RECENT FINDINGS: Bariatric surgery modulates the expression of intestinal genes. Experimental and clinical investigations have demonstrated the association of gut rearrangement with changes in intestinal expression of genes related to glucose metabolism. Recent data suggest that bariatric surgery also affects expression of genes belonging to other pathways, including nutrient transporters and metabolism of vitamin B12, decreasing pathway-encoding genes that may contribute to vitamin B12 deficiency in the postoperative period...
April 24, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695256/metabolic-distress-in-lipid-one-carbon-metabolic-pathway-through-low-vitamin-b-12-a-population-based-study-from-north-india
#11
Kallur Nava Saraswathy, Shipra Joshi, Suniti Yadav, Priyanka Rani Garg
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia and hyper-homocysteinemia are the major independent risk factors of cardio vascular disease. Deficiency of folate and vitamin B-12 are associated with both hyper-homocysteinemia and dyslipidemia. The aim of the study is to evaluate the relationship of homocysteine and its associated dietary determinant levels (Folate and Vitamin B-12) with lipids and obesity parameters (WC, BMI, WHR) in North Indian population. METHODS: The participants were recruited under a major government funded project through household survey covering 15 villages of Haryana, India...
April 25, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687201/folate-promotes-s-adenosyl-methionine-reactions-and-the-microbial-methylation-cycle-and-boosts-ruminants-production-and-reproduction
#12
REVIEW
Imtiaz Hussain Raja Abbasi, Farzana Abbasi, Lamei Wang, Mohamed E Abd El Hack, Ayman A Swelum, Ren Hao, Junhu Yao, Yangchun Cao
Folate has gained significant attention due to its vital role in biological methylation and epigenetic machinery. Folate, or vitamin (B9 ), is only produced through a de novo mechanism by plants and micro-organisms in the rumen of mature animals. Although limited research has been conducted on folate in ruminants, it has been noted that ruminal synthesis could not maintain folate levels in high yielding dairy animals. Folate has an essential role in one-carbon metabolism and is a strong antiproliferative agent...
April 23, 2018: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679994/food-pyramid-for-subjects-with-chronic-pain-foods-and-dietary-constituents-as-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-agents
#13
Mariangela Rondanelli, Milena Anna Faliva, Alessandra Miccono, Maurizio Naso, Mara Nichetti, Antonella Riva, Fabio Guerriero, Manuela De Gregori, Gabriella Peroni, Simone Perna
Emerging literature suggests that diet constituents may play a modulatory role in chronic pain (CP) through management of inflammation/oxidative stress, resulting in attenuation of pain. We performed a narrative review to evaluate the existing evidence regarding the optimum diet for the management of CP, and we built a food pyramid on this topic. The present review also describes the activities of various natural compounds contained in foods (i.e. phenolic compounds in extra-virgin olive oil (EVO)) listed on our pyramid, which have comparable effects to drug management therapy...
June 2018: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675077/a-tale-of-treatable-infantile-neuroregression-and-diagnostic-dilemma-with-glutaric-aciduria-type-i
#14
Sangeetha Yoganathan, Mugil Varman, Samuel Philip Oommen, Maya Thomas
Nutritional deficiencies related neurological manifestations are not uncommon in infants and children. Here, we describe an infant with Vitamin B12 deficiency due to depleted maternal Vitamin B12 status presenting with progressive encephalopathy and extrapyramidal signs. Diagnosis of infantile tremor syndrome was established in our patient based on the clinical and biochemical parameters. Magnetic resonance imaging had shown frontotemporal atrophy with widened Sylvian fissures and prominent cerebrospinal fluid spaces...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673417/vitamin-b-12-cyanocobalamin-in-infant-formula-adult-pediatric-nutritional-formula-by-liquid-chromatography-with-ultraviolet-detection-collaborative-study-final-action-2014-02
#15
Ester Campos Giménez, Frédéric Martin
To determine the repeatability and reproducibility figures of the AOAC First Action Official Method SM 2014.02 ( Vitamin B12 in Infant Formula and Adult/Pediatric Formula by Liquid Chromatography with UV Detection ), a collaborative study was organized. Twenty-one laboratories located in 13 different countries agreed to participate. The study was divided into two parts. During the first part, the laboratories analyzed two samples in duplicate by using the method described in the protocol. The laboratories that provided results within the expected range were qualified for part two, during which they analyzed 10 samples in blind duplicates...
April 19, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672394/effects-of-vitamin-b-complex-and-vitamin-c-on-human-skin-cells-is-the-perceived-effect-measurable
#16
Julian-Dario Rembe, Carolin Fromm-Dornieden, Ewa Klara Stuermer
OBJECTIVE: Vitamins are essential for human health. In terms of local application for wound healing, vitamins' positive effect remains unclear. However, because of the regular appearance of nutritional deficiency in chronic wound patients, a favorable impact of locally applied vitamins can be hypothesized. METHODS: Vitamins B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, B10, B12, and C individually as well as different combinations of B vitamins were investigated regarding their ability to promote proliferation and migration of human skin fibroblasts and keratinocytes...
May 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650340/longitudinal-evaluation-of-efficacy-safety-and-nutritional-status-during-one-year-treatment-with-the-duodenal-jejunal-bypass-liner
#17
Nina Riedel, Katharina Laubner, Anne Lautenbach, Gerhard Schön, Matthias Schlensak, Rainer Stengel, Thomas Eberl, Frank Dederichs, Jens Aberle, Jochen Seufert
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic duodenal-jejunal bypass liner (DJBL) represents a novel temporary endoscopic approach for treatment of obesity-associated type 2 diabetes. Recent results from the German DJBL registry confirmed substantial positive metabolic effects of the DJBL in type 2 diabetes. However, the last Food and Drug Administration trial was stopped due to a high occurrence of hepatic abscesses (3.5%). OBJECTIVES: Here, we analyzed time courses of development of co-morbidities, nutritive changes, and occurrence of adverse events during the 1-year treatment phase with the DJBL in the German DJBL registry...
March 9, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644218/nutrition-in-the-bin-a-nutritional-and-environmental-assessment-of-food-wasted-in-the-uk
#18
Karen A Cooper, Tom E Quested, Helene Lanctuit, Diane Zimmermann, Namy Espinoza-Orias, Anne Roulin
The UK currently has the most detailed, directly measured data for food wasted in the home. This includes information on the exact types of food wasted. These data allow calculation of the nutrients within that waste, as well as its environmental impact. The results progress the conversation beyond how much food is wasted or its energy content; it permits the implications for nutrition and sustainability to be assessed in detail. Data for UK household food waste were expressed as an average waste per capita for each type of food...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642444/nutritionally-optimized-culturally-acceptable-cost-minimized-diets-for-low-income-ghanaian-families-using-linear-programming
#19
Esa-Pekka A Nykänen, Hanna E Dunning, Richmond N O Aryeetey, Aileen Robertson, Alexandr Parlesak
The Ghanaian population suffers from a double burden of malnutrition. Cost of food is considered a barrier to achieving a health-promoting diet. Food prices were collected in major cities and in rural areas in southern Ghana. Linear programming (LP) was used to calculate nutritionally optimized diets (food baskets (FBs)) for a low-income Ghanaian family of four that fulfilled energy and nutrient recommendations in both rural and urban settings. Calculations included implementing cultural acceptability for families living in extreme and moderate poverty (food budget under USD 1...
April 7, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627730/determination-of-cobalt-species-in-nutritional-supplements-using-icp-oes-after-microwave-assisted-extraction-and-solid-phase-extraction
#20
Magdalena Bartosiak, Krzysztof Jankowski, Jacek Giersz
Cobalt content (as vitamin B12 and inorganic cobalt) in two nutritional supplements, namely Spirulina platensis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae known as a "superfood", has been determined using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Several sample pre-treatment protocols have been applied and compared. Microwave-assisted acid digestion efficiently decomposed all cobalt-containing compounds, thus allowed obtaining total cobalt content in supplements examined. Vitamin B12 was extracted from the samples with acetate buffer and potassium cyanide solution exposed to mild microwave radiation for 30 min, and cyanocobalamin was separated from the extract by on-column solid phase extraction using C-18 modified silica bed...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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