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B12 nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532520/are-more-environmentally-sustainable-diets-with-less-meat-and-dairy-nutritionally-adequate
#1
S Marije Seves, Janneke Verkaik-Kloosterman, Sander Biesbroek, Elisabeth Hm Temme
OBJECTIVE: Our current food consumption patterns, and in particular our meat and dairy intakes, cause high environmental pressure. The present modelling study investigates the impact of diets with less or no meat and dairy foods on nutrient intakes and assesses nutritional adequacy by comparing these diets with dietary reference intakes. DESIGN: Environmental impact and nutrient intakes were assessed for the observed consumption pattern (reference) and two replacement scenarios...
May 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531791/an-innovative-brioche-enriched-in-protein-and-energy-improves-the-nutritional-status-of-malnourished-nursing-home-residents-compared-to-oral-nutritional-supplement-and-usual-breakfast-farine-project
#2
Virginie Van Wymelbeke, Laurent Brondel, Francis Bon, Isabelle Martin-Pfitzenmeyer, Patrick Manckoundia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To compare the effects of a 12-week nutritional intervention, in which an innovative protein-and-energy-enriched brioche, an oral nutritional supplement or a usual breakfast were eaten, on food intake and nutritional status in nursing home residents. DESIGN: Three-armed, multicentre, controlled trial. SETTING: Eight nursing homes in Burgundy, France. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-eight malnourished participants aged between 70 and 99 years old...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526387/adequacy-of-nutrient-intake-in-women-with-restrictive-anorexia-nervosa
#3
Chiara Chiurazzi, Iolanda Cioffi, Carmela De Caprio, Emilia De Filippo, Maurizio Marra, Rosa Sammarco, Maria Luisa Di Guglielmo, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess energy and nutrient intake in a group of women with restrictive AN (r-AN) compared with a control group. METHODS: Thirteen r-AN patients and 13 healthy female controls completed 7-d food records. Intake of macro- and micronutrients was compared between the two groups as well as to the Dietary Reference Intake for the Italian Population (LARN) for specific ages. Additionally, the r-AN patients underwent indirect calorimetry for measuring resting energy expenditure (REE)...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520847/maternal-exposure-to-nitrogen-dioxide-intake-of-methyl-nutrients-and-congenital-heart-defects-in-offspring
#4
Jeanette A Stingone, Thomas J Luben, Suzan L Carmichael, Arthur S Aylsworth, Lorenzo D Botto, Adolfo Correa, Suzanne M Gilboa, Peter H Langlois, Wendy N Nembhard, Jennifer Richmond-Bryant, Gary M Shaw, Andrew F Olshan
Nutrients that regulate methylation processes may modify susceptibility to the effects of air pollutants. Data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, 1997-2006, were used to estimate associations between maternal exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2), dietary intake of methyl nutrients and the odds of congenital heart defects in offspring. NO2 concentrations, a marker of traffic-related air pollution, averaged across post-conception weeks 2-8, were assigned to 6160 non-diabetic mothers of cases and controls using inverse distance-squared weighting of air monitors within 50 km of maternal residence...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510794/long-term-trends-in-hematological-and-nutritional-status-after-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#5
Ji-Hyun Kim, You-Jin Bae, Kyong-Hwa Jun, Hyung-Min Chin
BACKGROUND: This study investigated long-term trends in hematological and nutritional parameters after gastrectomy for gastric cancer and evaluated the influence of the reconstruction type on these trends. METHODS: The medical records of 558 patients who underwent curative gastrectomy with standard lymph node dissection for stage I gastric cancer between January 2006 and December 2013 were reviewed. The hematological and nutritional parameters evaluated included hemoglobin, ferritin, vitamin B12, total protein, albumin, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and calcium...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506357/-research-advances-in-the-association-between-maternal-intake-of-methyl-donor-nutrients-during-pregnancy-and-dna-methylation-in-offspring
#6
Meng-Meng Wu, Fan Yang
Maternal nutrition during pregnancy plays a vital role in the health of the offspring. Methyl donor nutrients, including folate, vitamin B12, choline, betaine, and methionine, directly affect DNA methylation and are closely associated with the health of the offspring. As an important part of epigenetics, DNA methylation plays an important role in the maintenance of normal cellular function, gene expression regulation, and embryonic development. Recent studies have shown that maternal nutrition may have a long-lasting effect on the health of the offspring via the changes in genomic DNA and/or methylation level in the promoter region in specific genes...
May 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482093/can-nutrition-or-inflammation-moderate-the-age-cognition-association-among-older-adults
#7
Elizabeth P Handing, Brent J Small, Ross Andel, Cathy L McEvoy, Nagi Kumar
Objectives: Previous research has shown that nutrition can influence cognitive abilities in older adults. We examined whether nutritional factors or inflammatory biomarkers moderate the age-cognition association. Method: Analyses included 1,308 participants (age ≥60) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III. Macronutrients (% of calories from fat, protein, and carbohydrates), micronutrients/amino acids (blood serum values: Vitamins B12, C, D, E, folate, iron, homocysteine, and β-carotene), and inflammatory biomarkers (serum C-reactive protein, plasma fibrinogen, and serum ferritin) were examined as moderators with cognition...
May 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476156/nutritional-deficiencies-in-homeless-persons-with-problematic-drinking-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Sharea Ijaz, Joni Jackson, Helen Thorley, Katie Porter, Clare Fleming, Alison Richards, Adrian Bonner, Jelena Savović
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of homeless people drink alcohol excessively and this can lead to malnutrition and consequent medical problems. The aim of this review was to assess the evidence on the range of nutritional deficiencies in the homeless problem-drinking populations. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of nine scientific literature databases and 13 grey literature sources. We included studies of any design that included homeless population with problem-drinking and reported measures of nutritional deficiencies in urine or blood...
May 5, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467392/development-of-a-healthy-dietary-habits-index-for-new-zealand-adults
#9
Jyh Eiin Wong, Jillian J Haszard, Anna S Howe, Winsome R Parnell, Paula M L Skidmore
Healthful dietary habits are individually associated with better nutrient intake and positive health outcomes; however, this information is rarely examined together to validate an indicator of diet quality. This study developed a 15-item Healthy Dietary Habits Index (HDHI) based on self-reported dietary habits information collected in the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey. The validity of HDHI as a diet quality index was examined in relation to sociodemographic factors, 24-diet recall derived nutrient intakes, and nutritional biomarkers in a representative sample of adults aged 19 years and above...
May 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462727/a-prospective-evaluation-of-the-depression-nutrient-intake-reverse-causality-hypothesis-in-a-cohort-of-community-dwelling-older-canadians
#10
Laura Gougeon, Hélène Payette, José A Morais, Pierrette Gaudreau, Bryna Shatenstein, Katherine Gray-Donald
Studies have investigated the potential protective effects that diet may have on late-life depression incidence. This disorder can, however, affect the person's food intake, widely known as the reverse causality hypothesis of depression. To test this hypothesis, we compared mean nutrient intakes from three 24-h recalls during the year depression was detected (Geriatric Depression Scale ≥11 or antidepressant medication) with intakes from 1 year earlier among community-dwelling older adults (67-83 years) followed up annually in the 4-year Québec Longitudinal Study on Nutrition and Aging, who were free of depression and cognitive impairment at baseline...
May 2, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453069/-double-burden-malnutrition-during-growth-is-becoming-a-reality-in-colombia
#11
Gustavo Cediel-Giraldo, Erika Castaño-Moreno, Diego Gaitán-Charry
Several reports have described in the last decade the coexistence of accelerated increase of obesity with micronutrient deficiencies in developed countries, and is becoming evident in developing nations. This condition may be especially deleterious in children and adolescents with consequences in metabolic risk and growth since early in life. This review describes the evidence of double burden malnutrition during growth period focused on six nutrients (iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin D, vitamin A, sodium, folic acid and vitamin B12) and its biological mechanisms associated with non-communicable disease through span life...
August 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445440/micronutrient-status-among-pregnant-women-in-zinder-niger-and-risk-factors-associated-with-deficiency
#12
K Ryan Wessells, Césaire T Ouédraogo, Rebecca R Young, M Thierno Faye, Alex Brito, Sonja Y Hess
Anemia and micronutrient (MN) deficiencies in pregnant women are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. In Niger, 58.6% of pregnant women are anemic; however, MN statuses are unknown. The study objectives were to estimate the prevalence of MN deficiencies among pregnant women in Zinder, Niger and explore associated risk factors. Pregnant women living in randomly selected rural villages (n = 88) were included. Capillary and venous blood samples (n = 770) were analyzed for hemoglobin (Hb) and plasma ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), zinc (pZn), retinol binding protein (RBP), folate and vitamin B12...
April 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429318/biochemistry-and-physiology-of-vitamins-in-euglena
#13
Fumio Watanabe, Kazuya Yoshimura, Shigeru Shigeoka
Euglena gracilis Z requires vitamins B1 and B12 for growth. It takes up and accumulates large amounts of these exogenous vitamins through energy-dependent active transport systems. Except for these essential vitamins, E. gracilis Z has the ability to synthesize all human vitamins. Euglena synthesizes high levels of antioxidant vitamins such as vitamins C and E, and, thus, are used as nutritional supplements for humans and domestic animals. Methods to effectively produce vitamins in Euglena have been investigated...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429247/a-review-of-the-novel-application-and-potential-adverse-effects-of-proton-pump-inhibitors
#14
REVIEW
Li-Yuan Yu, Lu-Ning Sun, Xue-Hui Zhang, Yue-Qi Li, Lei Yu, Zi-Qing-Yun Yuan, Ling Meng, Hong-Wen Zhang, Yong-Qing Wang
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are known as a class of pharmaceutical agents that target H(+)/K(+)-ATPase, which is located in gastric parietal cells. PPIs are widely used in the treatment of gastric acid-related diseases including peptic ulcer disease, erosive esophagitis and gastroesophageal reflux disease, and so on. These drugs present an excellent safety profile and have become one of the most commonly prescribed drugs in primary and specialty care. Except for gastric acid-related diseases, PPIs can also be used in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection, viral infections, respiratory system diseases, cancer and so on...
May 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416186/nutritional-deficiencies-four-years-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-are-supplements-required-for-a-lifetime
#15
Tair Ben-Porat, Ram Elazary, Ariela Goldenshluger, Shiri Sherf Dagan, Yoav Mintz, Ram Weiss
BACKGROUND: Data regarding long-term nutritional deficiencies following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of nutritional deficiencies and supplement consumption 4 years post-LSG. SETTING: Hebrew University, Israel. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively from preoperative and 1 and 4 years postoperative including anthropometric parameters, biochemical tests, and supplement intake...
March 2, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406440/associations-between-folate-and-vitamin-b12-levels-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-meta-analysis
#16
Yun Pan, Ya Liu, Haizhuo Guo, Majid Sakhi Jabir, Xuanchen Liu, Weiwei Cui, Dong Li
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients may be at risk of vitamin B12 and folate insufficiencies, as these micronutrients are absorbed in the small intestine, which is affected by IBD. However, a consensus has not been reached on the association between IBD and serum folate and vitamin B12 concentrations. METHODS: In this study, a comprehensive search of multiple databases was performed to identify studies focused on the association between IBD and serum folate and vitamin B12 concentrations...
April 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402324/vitamin-b12-status-in-pregnant-women-and-their-infants-in-south-india
#17
J L Finkelstein, A V Kurpad, T Thomas, K Srinivasan, C Duggan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin B12 deficiency during pregnancy has been associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. However, few studies have investigated the burden and determinants of vitamin B12 status in young infants. This study was conducted to determine the associations between maternal and infant vitamin B12 status. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Pregnant women participating in a vitamin B12 supplementation trial in Bangalore, India, were randomized to receive vitamin B12 (50 μg) or placebo supplementation daily during pregnancy through 6 weeks postpartum...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398657/study-exploring-the-effects-of-daily-supplementation-with-400-%C3%AE-g-of-folic-acid-on-the-nutritional-status-of-folate-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#18
Laidy D Arias, Beatriz E Parra, Angélica M Muñoz, Diana L Cárdenas, Tiffany G Duque, Luz M Manjarrés
BACKGROUND: This investigation determines the nutritional state of serum and red blood cell (RBC) folate concentration and their relation with intake of folate, B6 ,and B12 , with serum vitamin B12 , and with genetic variants after provision of 400 μg/day of folic acid for 3 months to a group of 34 Colombian women of reproductive age. METHODS: We evaluated nutrient intake using 24-hr recall, assessing the levels of serum folate, RBC folate, serum B12 , and homocysteine, as well as determining genetic variants of the enzyme MTHFR (C677T and A1298C) and CβS (844ins68pb)...
March 15, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392254/american-society-for-metabolic-and-bariatric-surgery-integrated-health-nutritional-guidelines-for-the-surgical-weight-loss-patient-2016-update-micronutrients
#19
Julie Parrott, Laura Frank, Rebecca Rabena, Lillian Craggs-Dino, Kellene A Isom, Laura Greiman
BACKGROUND: Optimizing postoperative patient outcomes and nutritional status begins preoperatively. Patients should be educated before and after weight loss surgery (WLS) on the expected nutrient deficiencies associated with alterations in physiology. Although surgery can exacerbate preexisting nutrient deficiencies, preoperative screening for vitamin deficiencies has not been the norm in the majority of WLS practices. Screening is important because it is common for patients who present for WLS to have at least 1 vitamin or mineral deficiency preoperatively...
January 19, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389119/nutritional-status-among-adolescent-girls-in-children-s-homes-anthropometry-and-dietary-patterns
#20
Tone Berg, Christine Magala-Nyago, Per Ole Iversen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is widespread among disadvantaged people in low-income countries like Uganda. Children and adolescents living in children's homes are considered an especially vulnerable group, and malnutrition among girls is of particular concern since it has intergenerational consequences. Virtually no information exists about the nutritional status of adolescent girls living in children's homes in Uganda. We therefore conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the nutritional status by evaluating anthropometric indicators, body composition and dietary patterns...
March 25, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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