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Pyridoxine nutrition

Jasmine Rana, Molly Plovanich, Elizabeth B Wallace, Chao Yang, Alvaro Laga Canales, Arash Mostaghimi
Nutritional deficiency is rare in developed countries, but can be acquired from decreased nutrient intake, reduced absorption, and increased gastrointestinal excretion. We report a patient with acquired acrodermatitis enteropathica (AE) who exhibited low plasma zinc levels and concurrent nutritional deficiencies (pyridoxine, selenium and fatty acids). Our patient had undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass 13 years prior to presentation. The rash, consistent with AE clinically and histologically, nearly resolved one week after starting IV zinc supplementation, total parenteral nutrition, and micronutrient supplements...
November 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Maryam Khaksari, Lynn R Mazzoleni, Chunhai Ruan, Robert T Kennedy, Adrienne R Minerick
Two separate liquid chromatography (LC)-mass spectrometry (MS) methods were developed for determination and quantification of water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins in human tear and blood serum samples. The water-soluble vitamin method was originally developed to detect vitamins B1, B2, B3 (nicotinamide), B5, B6 (pyridoxine), B7, B9 and B12 while the fat-soluble vitamin method detected vitamins A, D3, 25(OH)D3, E and K1. These methods were then validated with tear and blood serum samples. In this data in brief article, we provide details on the two LC-MS methods development, methods sensitivity, as well as precision and accuracy for determination of vitamins in human tears and blood serum...
April 2017: Data in Brief
Silvia Pellitero, Eva Martínez, Rocío Puig, Alba Leis, Roxanna Zavala, María Luisa Granada, Cruz Pastor, Pau Moreno, Jordi Tarascó, Manel Puig-Domingo
BACKGROUND: Nutritional deficiencies are common after bariatric surgery, but data are scarce after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) at long term. METHODS: We performed a prospective nutritional status evaluation before and at 2 and 5 years after SG in morbid obese patients receiving mulvitamin and mineral supplementation at a Spanish university hospital. One hundred seventy-six patients (49.3 ± 9.1 years and 46.7 ± 7.4 kg/m(2)) were evaluated; 51 of them were followed during 5 years...
February 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
Pedro Pallangyo, Frederick Lyimo, Paulina Nicholaus, Hilda Makungu, Maria Mtolera, Isaac Mawenya
BACKGROUND: Holoprosencephaly is a rare spectrum of cephalic disorders resulting from a failure or incomplete division of the embryonic forebrain into distinct cerebral hemispheres. It is the most common brain malformation with an incidence of 1:250 during embryogenesis; however, owing to the associated high rates of spontaneous abortion the incidence is 1:16,000 among live deliveries. Pathogenesis of holoprosencephaly is complex and heterogeneous involving genetic abnormalities, teratogenic exposures, and syndromic associations...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Seu Ping Guiraud, Ivan Montoliu, Laeticia Da Silva, Loïc Dayon, Antonio Núñez Galindo, John Corthésy, Martin Kussmann, Francois-Pierre Martin
The methionine cycle is a key pathway contributing to the regulation of human health, with well-established involvement in cardiovascular diseases and cognitive function. Changes in one-carbon cycle metabolites have also been associated with mild cognitive decline, vascular dementia, and Alzheimer's disease. Today, there is no single analytical method to monitor both metabolites and co-factors of the methionine cycle. To address this limitation, we here report for the first time a new method for the simultaneous quantitation of 17 metabolites in the methionine cycle, which are homocysteic acid, taurine, serine, cysteine, glycine, homocysteine, riboflavin, methionine, pyridoxine, cystathionine, pyridoxamine, S-adenosylhomocysteine, S-adenosylmethionine, betaine, choline, dimethylglycine, and 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid...
January 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Gabriela Macedo-Ojeda, Fabiola Márquez-Sandoval, Joan Fernández-Ballart, Barbara Vizmanos
The study of diet quality in a population provides information for the development of programs to improve nutritional status through better directed actions. The aim of this study was to assess the reproducibility and relative validity of a Mexican Diet Quality Index (ICDMx) for the assessment of the habitual diet of adults. The ICDMx was designed to assess the characteristics of a healthy diet using a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ-Mx). Reproducibility was determined by comparing 2 ICDMx based on FFQs (one-year interval)...
August 23, 2016: Nutrients
Nicholas A Cellar, Sean C McClure, Louis M Salvati, Todime M Reddy
An improved method was developed for simultaneous determination of the fortified forms of thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), nicotinamide and nicotinic acid (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), biotin (B7), and folic acid (B9) in infant formulas and related nutritionals. The method employed a simple, effective, and rapid sample preparation followed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). It improved upon previous methodologies by offering facile and rugged sample preparation with improved chromatographic conditions, which culminated in a highly accurate and precise method for water-soluble vitamin determination in a wide range of formulas...
August 31, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Louis M Salvati, Sean C McClure, Todime M Reddy, Nicholas A Cellar
This method provides simultaneous determination of total vitamins B1, B2, B3, and B6 in infant formula and related nutritionals (adult and infant). The method was given First Action for vitamins B1, B2, and B6, but not B3, during the AOAC Annual Meeting in September 2015. The method uses acid phosphatase to dephosphorylate the phosphorylated vitamin forms. It then measures thiamine (vitamin B1); riboflavin (vitamin B2); nicotinamide and nicotinic acid (vitamin B3); and pyridoxine, pyridoxal, and pyridoxamine (vitamin B6) from digested sample extract by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
May 2016: Journal of AOAC International
(no author information available yet)
This method provides simultaneous determination of total vitamins B1, B2, B3, and B6 in infant formula and related nutritionals (adult and infant). The method was given First Action for vitamins B1, B2, and B6, but not B3, during the AOAC Annual Meeting in September 2015. The method uses acid phosphatase to dephosphorylate the phosphorylated vitamin forms. It then measures thiamine (vitamin B1); riboflavin (vitamin B2); nicotinamide and nicotinic acid (vitamin B3); and pyridoxine, pyridoxal, and pyridoxamine (vitamin B6) from digested sample extract by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
April 27, 2016: Journal of AOAC International
Frederic Martin, Ester Campos Giménez, Erik Konings
Water-soluble vitamins (WSVs) are a group of organic compounds which are essential micronutrients. WSVs could be divided between the B complex group and vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid). Within the B complex group, eight vitamins are recognized: vitamins B1 (thiamin), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin or niacinamide), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, or pyridoxamine), B7 (biotin), B9 (folic acid), and B12 (various cobalamins). This paper reviews the new methods for the analysis of these vitamins, with a focus on infant formula and adult nutritionals...
January 2016: Journal of AOAC International
Claus Muss, Wilhelm Mosgoeller, Thomas Endler
OBJECTIVES: Neurotransmitters regulate mood, attention vigilance and other clinical symptoms linked with depression. Various medications ameliorate symptoms of depression and mood disorders by interference with the serotonic metabolism. Serotonin metabolism depends on nutritional cofactors such as pyridoxin together with essential mineral and trace elements. Both, inflammation and metabolic conditions seem to affect the bioavailability of serotonin crucially. We hypothesized that serotonin supply depends on relevant gastrointestinal precursor absorption and on the availability of nutritive antiinflammatory cofactors...
2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
ShuoHao Huang, HuanHuan Yang, LiLi Yao, JianYun Zhang, LongQuan Huang
Vitamin B6 includes 6 pyridine derivatives, among which pyridoxal 5'-phosphate is a coenzyme for over 140 enzymes. Animals acquire their vitamin B6 from food. Through a salvage pathway, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate is synthesized from pyridoxal, pyridoxine or pyridoxamine, in a series of reactions catalyzed by pyridoxal kinase and pyridoxine 5'-phosphate oxidase. The regulation of pyridoxal 5'-phospahte biosynthesis and pyridoxal 5'-phospahte homeostasis are at the center of study for vitamin B6 nutrition. How pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis is regulated by hormones has not been reported so far...
April 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Jesse F Gregory, Barbara N DeRatt, Luisa Rios-Avila, Maria Ralat, Peter W Stacpoole
The transsulfuration pathway (TS) acts in sulfur amino acid metabolism by contributing to the regulation of cellular homocysteine, cysteine production, and the generation of H2S for signaling functions. Regulation of TS pathway kinetics involves stimulation of cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) by S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) and oxidants such as H2O2, and by Michaelis-Menten principles whereby substrate concentrations affect reaction rates. Although pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) serves as coenzyme for both CBS and cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE), CSE exhibits much greater loss of activity than CBS during PLP insufficiency...
July 2016: Biochimie
Lindsay H Allen, Daniela Hampel, Setareh Shahab-Ferdows, Emily R York, Linda S Adair, Valerie L Flax, Gerald Tegha, Charles S Chasela, Debbie Kamwendo, Denise J Jamieson, Margaret E Bentley
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on B vitamin concentrations in human milk or on how they are affected by maternal B vitamin deficiencies, antiretroviral therapy, or maternal supplementation. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the effects of antiretroviral therapy and/or lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs) on B vitamin concentrations in breast milk from HIV-infected women in Malawi. DESIGN: Breast milk was collected from 537 women recruited within the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition study at 2 or 6 wk and 24 wk postpartum...
December 2015: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Ana Paula Bortoletto Martins, Daniela Silva Canella, Larissa Galastri Baraldi, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Rafael Moreira Claro, Jean-Claude Moubarac, Geoffrey Cannon, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of consuming ultra-processed foods on the micronutrient content of the Brazilian population's diet. METHODS This cross-sectional study was performed using data on individual food consumption from a module of the 2008-2009 Brazilian Household Budget Survey. A representative sample of the Brazilian population aged 10 years or over was assessed (n = 32,898). Food consumption data were collected through two 24-hour food records. Linear regression models were used to assess the association between the nutrient content of the diet and the quintiles of ultra-processed food consumption - crude and adjusted for family income per capita...
2015: Revista de Saúde Pública
Domenico Prezioso, Pasquale Strazzullo, Tullio Lotti, Giampaolo Bianchi, Loris Borghi, Paolo Caione, Marco Carini, Renata Caudarella, Manuel Ferraro, Giovanni Gambaro, Marco Gelosa, Andrea Guttilla, Ester Illiano, Marangella Martino, Tiziana Meschi, Piergiorgio Messa, Roberto Miano, Giorgio Napodano, Antonio Nouvenne, Domenico Rendina, Francesco Rocco, Marco Rosa, Roberto Sanseverino, Annamaria Salerno, Sebastiano Spatafora, Andrea Tasca, Andrea Ticinesi, Fabrizio Travaglini, Alberto Trinchieri, Giuseppe Vespasiani, Filiberto Zattoni
OBJECTIVE: Diet interventions may reduce the risk of urinary stone formation and its recurrence, but there is no conclusive consensus in the literature regarding the effectiveness of dietary interventions and recommendations about specific diets for patients with urinary calculi. The aim of this study was to review the studies reporting the effects of different dietary interventions for the modification of urinary risk factors in patients with urinary stone disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the Pubmed database literature up to July 1, 2014 for studies on dietary treatment of urinary risk factors for urinary stone formation was conducted according to a methodology developed a priori...
July 7, 2015: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Jorge Molina-López, Daniela Florea, Bartolomé Quintero-Osso, Antonio Pérez de la Cruz, Manuel Rodríguez-Elvira, Elena Planells Del Pozo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Critically ill patients develop severe stress, inflammation and a clinical state that may raise the utilization and metabolic replacement of pyridoxal-5'-phosphate decreasing their body reserves. This study was designed to assess the nutritional pyridoxal-5'-phosphate status in critical care patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome, comparing them with a group of healthy people, and studying it's association with factors involved in the pyridoxine and other B vitamins metabolism, as the total antioxidant capacity and Hcy as cardiovascular risk biomarker...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Nikita Lakdawala, Jane M Grant-Kels
The appropriate intake and metabolism of vitamins and minerals are critical to maintaining homeostasis. Imbalance in essential nutrients, either through dietary excess or deficiency or disorders in metabolism, can result in a spectrum of dermatologic and systemic manifestations. Certain nutrient deficiencies produce a characteristic pattern of cutaneous eruption. Recognition of these patterns is important, as they can alert the physician to an underlying nutritional disease. We review nutritional diseases involving zinc, biotin, essential fatty acids, vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), and riboflavin that present specifically with intertriginous eruptions...
July 2015: Clinics in Dermatology
Marcio Leandro Ribeiro de Souza, Ann Kristine Jansen, Aline Stangherlin Martins, Luiz Oswaldo Carneiro Rodrigues, Nilton Alves de Rezende
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate nutrient intake among adult neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 60 NF1 patients (29 men, 31 women) who were ≥18 y old and were evaluated from September 2012 to September 2013 in a neurofibromatosis outpatient reference center. Patients underwent nutritional assessment, including anthropometric and dietary data collection. Food intake was evaluated using three, non-consecutive, self-reported 24-h dietary recall surveys, and nutrient intake was analyzed according to the recommendations of the dietary reference intake document...
June 2015: Nutrition
Saeed Pirouzpanah, Forough-Azam Taleban, Parvin Mehdipour, Morteza Atri
UNLABELLED: Dietary methyl group donors could influence the hypermethylation status of certain putative genes. The present study explored the possible associations of dietary intake of one-carbon metabolism-related nutrients with promoter hypermethylation status and expression of retinoic acid receptor-beta (RARB), breast cancer-1 (BRCA1), and Ras association domain family-1, isoform A (RASSF1A) genes in Iranian women with breast cancer (BC). The hypermethylation status was investigated in 146 dissected BC tissue samples using methylation-specific PCR...
August 2015: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
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