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Folate nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909700/the-significant-role-of-amino-acids-during-pregnancy-nutritional-support
#1
Penelope D Manta-Vogli, Kleopatra H Schulpis, Yannis Dotsikas, Yannis L Loukas
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is characterized by a complexity of metabolic processes that may impact fetal development and infant health outcome. Normal fetal growth and development depend on a continuous supply of nutrients via the placenta. The placenta transports, utilizes, produces and interconverts amino acids (AAs). FINDINGS: Concentrations of both nonessential and essential AAs in maternal plasma decrease in early pregnancy and persist at low concentrations throughout...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903177/-concentration-of-red-blood-cell-folate-and-the-analysis-of-folic-acid-supplement-optimum-time-and-dose-in-first-trimester
#2
Yue Teng, Jingmiao Hu, Shan Dong, Lixia Zhang, Xin Lu, Haishan Yang
OBJECTIVE: To have a knowledge of prevalent red blood cell folate concentration in Beijing and analyzes optimum time and dose of folic acid supplement. To provide the basis data for making public health policy and clinical consultation. METHODS: This study included 3458 pregnant women who visited nutrition outpatient of the Haidian Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Beijing in first trimester. Their last menstrual period is between 1st Feb 2014 and 31 st Jan 2016...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903176/-follow-up-study-on-diet-folic-acid-and-iron-status-in-358-cases-of-uighur-pregnant-women-from-xinjiang-kashi
#3
Tuerxunjiang Maimaitiming, Xiaojun Wang, Camila Tuerxunjiang, Yanqiong Yang, Dilihuomaer Wuerkaixi, Jinfen Pu, Li Wang, Liuqianzi Yan
OBJECTIVE: To understand the dietary intake situation of Uighur pregnant women, investigate folic acid level and its influencing factors, to provide evidence for health education of maternal nutrition and implementation of proper nutrition, balanceddiet guidance. METHODS: 358 cases of Uighur trimester pregnant women for the study, took the method of 3 d 24 h dietary recall to survey their dietary and collect blood samples. The Hb was detected by the cyanide methemoglobinmethod...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890739/association-between-serum-vitamin-levels-and-depression-in-u-s-adults-20-years-or-older-based-on-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005%C3%A2-2006
#4
Xiaomin Huang, Yun Fan, Xiumei Han, Zhenyao Huang, Mingming Yu, Yan Zhang, Qiaoqiao Xu, Xiuzhu Li, Xinru Wang, Chuncheng Lu, Yankai Xia
Depression is one of the leading causes of disability around the world. Although several studies have been conducted to analyze the association between vitamins and depression, the results have been inconsistent. Based on the database of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (2005⁻2006), a cross-sectional analysis was conducted to uncover the correlations between serum vitamin concentrations and depression in 2791 participants over 20 years of age. Vitamin concentrations in serum were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), a standardized liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) or radioassay kit method...
June 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875026/adequacy-of-nutritional-intake-during-pregnancy-in-relation-to-prepregnancy-bmi-results-from-the-3d-cohort-study
#5
Lise Dubois, Maikol Diasparra, Brigitte Bédard, Cynthia K Colapinto, Bénédicte Fontaine-Bisson, Richard E Tremblay, William D Fraser
Our study compares adequacy of nutritional intakes among pregnant women with different prepregnancy BMI and explores associations between nutritional intakes during pregnancy and both prepregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain (GWG). We collected dietary information from a large cohort of pregnant Canadian women (n 861) using a 3-d food record. We estimated usual dietary intakes of energy (E), macronutrients and micronutrients using the National Cancer Institute method. We also performed Pearson's correlations between nutritional intakes and both prepregnancy BMI and GWG...
June 7, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867006/egg-consumption-in-infants-is-associated-with-longer-recumbent-length-and-greater-intake-of-several-nutrients-essential-in-growth-and-development
#6
Yanni Papanikolaou, Victor L Fulgoni
Nutrient intake during infancy is critical for healthy growth and development. The present study examined egg consumption and associations with nutrient intakes, markers of growth and weight-related measures in infants 6⁻24 months of age ( N = 561) compared to infant egg non-consumers ( N = 2129). Egg consumers were defined as those infants consuming eggs (i.e., with the exclusion of mixed dishes) during a 24-h dietary recall. Associations with nutrient intakes and markers of growth variables were evaluated using data from What We Eat in America, the dietary component of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001⁻2012...
June 4, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866117/decrease-of-the-dna-methylation-levels-of-the-adrb3-gene-in-leukocytes-is-related-with-serum-folate-in-eutrophic-adults
#7
Yohanna de Oliveira, Raquel Patrícia Ataíde Lima, Rafaella Cristhine Pordeus Luna, Mussara Gomes Cavalcanti Alves Monteiro, Cássia Surama Oliveira da Silva, Rayner Anderson Ferreira do Nascimento, Keylha Querino de Farias Lima, Ana Hermínia Andrade E Silva, Flávia Emília Leite de Lima Ferreira, Rodrigo Pinheiro de Toledo Vianna, Ronei Marcos de Moraes, Naila Francis Paulo de Oliveira, Aléssio Tony Cavalcanti de Almeida, Alexandre Sérgio Silva, Alcides da Silva Diniz, Maria José de Carvalho Costa, Maria da Conceição Rodrigues Gonçalves
BACKGROUND: DNA methylation has been evidenced as a potential epigenetic mechanism related to various candidate genes to development of obesity. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the DNA methylation levels of the ADRB3 gene by body mass index (BMI) in a representative adult population, besides characterizing this population as to the lipid profile, oxidative stress and food intake. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional population-based study, involving 262 adults aged 20-59 years, of both genders, representative of the East and West regions of the municipality of João Pessoa, Paraíba state, Brazil, in that were evaluated lifestyle variables and performed nutritional, biochemical evaluation and DNA methylation levels of the ADRB3 gene using high resolution melting method...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859881/is-post-exposure-prevention-of-teratogenic-damage-possible-studies-on-diabetes-valproic-acid-alcohol-and-anti-folates-in-pregnancy-animal-studies-with-reflection-to-human
#8
REVIEW
Asher Ornoy, Gideon Koren, Joseph Yanai
We discuss the possibilities to prevent the post-exposure teratogenic effects of several teratogens: valproic acid (VPA), diabetes and alcohol. Co-administration of folic acid with VPA reduced the rate of Neural Tube Defects (NTD) and other anomalies in rodents, but apparently not in pregnant women. Antioxidants or the methyl donor S-adenosyl methionine prevented Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) like behavior in mice and rats. In vivo and in vitro studies demonstrated that antioxidants, arachidonic acid, myoinositol and nutritional agents may prevent diabetes-embryopathy...
May 31, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850608/maternal-nutrition-during-early-pregnancy-and-cardiometabolic-status-of-neonates-at-birth
#9
Musarrat Riaz, Fareeha Shaikh, Asher Fawwad, Rubina Hakeem, A Samad Shera, Graham A Hitman, Bishwajit Bhowmik, Nayla Christina do Vale Moreira, Abdul Basit, Akhtar Hussain
Objective: To explore the impact of maternal body weight on maternal nutrition and micronutrient status in early pregnancy and potential impact on metabolic status in newborns. Methodology: The EU FP7 project GIFTS was conducted from Jan 2012 to May 2014. Demographic details and anthropometric measurements of women in the first trimester of pregnancy were obtained. Blood samples were collected for OGTT, insulin, lipid profile, serum folate, ferritin, vitamin D, vitamin B12, and red cell folate...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848858/-new-approach-to-the-investigation-of-dohad-using-x-inactivation-gene-expression-system
#10
Takayuki Kumamoto, Shigeru Oshio
X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) occurs during the gestation period to compensate for the dosage of X-linked genes in female mammals. Xist RNA is a long noncoding RNA with a global epigenetic function and is indispensable for XCI from the initiation to establishment and maintenance phases. The X chromosome contains over 1,000 genes that are essential for proper development, especially that of the brain, immune system, metabolism and reproductive functions. We found that exposure to bisphenol A or folate deficiency during the fetal period changes the expressions of Xist, Tsix (the antisense repressor of Xist), and many X chromosome linked genes widely in newborn mice...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806144/buchanania-obovata-an-australian-indigenous-food-for-diet-diversification
#11
Selina A Fyfe, Michael E Netzel, Ujang Tinggi, Eva M Biehl, Yasmina Sultanbawa
AIM: Buchanania obovata Engl., the Green Plum, is a small green fruit eaten by Australian Indigenous peoples of the Northern Territory and Western Australia that has had limited study and has potential as a source of food for diet diversification. The flesh and seed of the fruit are eaten and the plant is used as bush medicine. METHODS: Physical characteristics of the fruit were measured. The flesh and seed freeze dried powders were measured separately for proximates, mineral/trace elements and heavy metals, and folate analysis...
May 27, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803439/increasing-the-folate-content-of-tuber-based-foods-using-potentially-probiotic-lactic-acid-bacteria
#12
A L Mosso, M E Jimenez, G Vignolo, J G LeBlanc, N C Samman
It is known that certain lactic acid bacterial (LAB) strains can produce folates, a B-group vitamin that cannot be synthesized by humans and must be exogenously obtained. The aim of this study was to select folate-producing LAB and evaluate their probiotic characteristics in order to obtain a tuber-based food with elevated folate content. Several LAB strains were isolated from a traditional Andean fermented potato product tocosh and cultured in folate-free culture medium. Five folate-producing strains (29-138 ng/mL) were selected to ferment three Andean tubers (potato S...
July 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799766/nutritional-influences-on-one-carbon-metabolism-effects-on-arsenic-methylation-and-toxicity
#13
Roheeni Saxena, Anne K Bozack, Mary V Gamble
Exposure to inorganic arsenic (InAs) via drinking water and/or food is a considerable worldwide problem. Methylation of InAs generates monomethyl (MMAsIII+V )- and dimethyl (DMAsIII+V )-arsenical species in a process that facilitates urinary As elimination; however, MMA is considerably more toxic than either InAs or DMAs. Emerging evidence suggests that incomplete methylation of As to DMAs, resulting in increased MMAs, is associated with increased risk for a host of As-related health outcomes. The biochemical pathway that provides methyl groups for As methylation, one-carbon metabolism (OCM), is influenced by folate and other micronutrients, including choline and betaine...
May 23, 2018: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779810/association-between-nutritional-blood-based-biomarkers-and-clinical-outcome-in-sarcopenia-patients
#14
Salah Gariballa, Awad Alessa
BACKGROUND: Although several micronutrients deficiency were reported to be associated with poor muscle function, however information on sarcopenia patients is still lacking. The aim of this report was to measure some micronutrients blood-based status in sarcopenia patients during both acute illness and recovery. DESIGN: We assessed nutritional status of randomly selected hospitalised patients using anthropometric, haematological and biochemical data at baseline, 6 weeks and at 6 months...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777755/folic-acid-and-primary-prevention-of-neural-tube-defects-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Jan D van Gool, Herbert Hirche, Hildegard Lax, Luc De Schaepdrijver
With 4 mg folic acid daily, it may take 20 weeks to reach red-blood-cell folate levels between 1,050 and 1,340 nmol/L, optimal for reduction of the neural tube defect risk. Therefore, folic acid supplementation should be started 5-6 months before conception. The residual risk with optimal red-blood-cell folate levels is reportedly 4.5 per 10,000 total births. The residual risk in pooled data from countries with mandatory folic acid fortification is 7.5 per 10,000 pregnancies, regardless of pre-fortification rates...
May 16, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776365/nutrient-intake-disparities-in-the-us-modeling-the-effect-of-food-substitutions
#16
Zach Conrad, LuAnn K Johnson, James N Roemmich, WenYen Juan, Lisa Jahns
BACKGROUND: Diet quality among federal food assistance program participants remains low, and little research has assessed the diet quality of food insecure non-participants. Further research is needed to assess the extent to which food substitutions can improve the nutritional status of these vulnerable populations. Substituting egg dishes for other commonly consumed dishes at certain eating occasions may be an effective strategy for improving the daily nutrient intake among these groups...
May 17, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772225/maternal-one-carbon-metabolism-through-increased-oxidative-stress-and-disturbed-angiogenesis-can-influence-placental-apoptosis-in-preeclampsia
#17
REVIEW
Vaishali V Kasture, Deepali P Sundrani, Sadhana R Joshi
Adequate maternal nutrition is critical for a healthy pregnancy outcome and poor maternal nutrition is known to be associated with pregnancy complications like preeclampsia. We have earlier demonstrated that there is an imbalance in the levels of micronutrients (folate and vitamin B12 ) along with low levels of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) and high homocysteine levels in women with preeclampsia. Homocysteine is known to be involved in the formation of free radicals leading to increased oxidative stress...
May 14, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766695/analysis-of-nutrition-and-nutritional-status-of-haemodialysis-patients
#18
Anna Bogacka, Anna Sobczak-Czynsz, Elżbieta Kucharska, Małgorzata Madaj, Katarzyna Stucka
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common disease of civilization where nutrition is part of the treatment. Diet therapy is difficult as it is necessary to control the intake of: energy, protein and minerals – Na, K, Ca and P in the daily food rations (DFR). Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional status and diets of haemodialysis (HD) patients. Material and method: The study involved 141 haemodialysis patients, at the average age of 65...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754386/nutritional-deficiencies-in-chinese-patients-undergoing-gastric-bypass-and-sleeve-gastrectomy-prevalence-and-predictors
#19
Bingsheng Guan, Jingge Yang, Yanya Chen, Wah Yang, Cunchuan Wang
BACKGROUND: Nutritional deficiencies have been reported in bariatric surgery patients with inconsistent results. However, scarce data exist for Chinese patients. We aimed to assess nutritional deficiencies in Chinese patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and to identify predictors of postoperative nutritional status. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was conducted in the patients undergoing RYGB and SG in our hospital between June 2013 and January 2017...
May 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748511/implementation-of-dietary-reference-intake-standards-in-preschool-menus-in-poland
#20
Joanna Myszkowska-Ryciak, Anna Harton
Although the nutritional value of preschool menus largely determines the proper nutrition of attending children, their nutrient composition often does not meet the standards. The purpose of the study was to assess the nutritional value of menus served in preschools throughout Poland. We analyzed a sample of 10 daily menus and inventory reports reflecting foods and beverages served in 270 full-board government-sponsored preschools. Nutrient content was calculated per child per day, and compared with 70% of dietary reference intake (DRI) for children aged 1⁻3 and 4⁻6...
May 10, 2018: Nutrients
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