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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206972/nutritional-deficiencies-and-clinical-correlates-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Joseph Firth, Rebekah Carney, Brendon Stubbs, Scott B Teasdale, Davy Vancampfort, Philip B Ward, Michael Berk, Jerome Sarris
Objective: Diet is increasingly recognized as a potentially modifiable factor influencing the onset and outcomes of psychiatric disorders. Whereas, previous research has shown long-term schizophrenia is associated with various nutritional deficiencies, this meta-analysis aimed to determine the prevalence and extent of nutritional deficits in first-episode psychosis (FEP). Method: A search of electronic databases conducted in July 2017 identified 28 eligible studies, examining blood levels of 6 vitamins and 10 minerals across 2612 individuals: 1221 individuals with FEP and 1391 control subjects...
November 30, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197046/evaluation-of-nutritional-status-post-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-5-year-outcomes
#2
Salman Al-Sabah, Aliaa Al-Mutawa, Alfred Kojo Anderson, Mohammad Al-Mutawa
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is considered a public health problem and has led to advancements in bariatric surgery. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) had become the most performed procedure worldwide; however, its consequences on nutritional status in the short and long term are of concern. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of medical records and bariatric database of patients who underwent LSG from October 2008-September 2015 at Al-Amiri Hospital, Kuwait, was performed...
December 1, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190547/low-folate-stress-reprograms-cancer-stem-cell-like-potentials-and-bioenergetics-metabolism-through-activation-of-mtor-signaling-pathway-to-promote-in-vitro-invasion-and-in-vivo-tumorigenicity-of-lung-cancers
#3
Wan-Jing Chen, Rwei-Fen S Huang
Low-folate (LF) nutritional status is associated with increased risks of lung cancer. It has unexplored effects on lung cancer malignancy, a cancer stem cell (CSC) disease. We hypothesized that LF may reprogram CSC-like potential and bioenergetics metabolism to increase metastasis potential of lung cancers. Cultivation of human non-small-cell lung cancer cells (H23) in an LF medium enhanced CSC-like properties signified by increased expressions of the CSC surface marker CD44 and pluripotency markers Sox2, Oct4 and ALDH1A1, and promoted self-renewal ability of anchorage-independent oncospheroid formation...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172893/effect-of-age-sex-and-body-weight-on-the-serum-concentrations-of-cobalamin-and-folate-in-cats-consuming-a-consistent-diet
#4
Sarah A Hill, Nicholas J Cave, Sandra Forsyth
Objectives Multiple feline diseases involving the gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, liver and biliary tract are known to cause abnormal serum cobalamin and folate concentrations. Measuring the serum concentration of these vitamins can therefore be a helpful diagnostic tool. However, factors other than disease, in particular age, have also been suggested to have an effect on the serum concentration of cobalamin and folate. In previous studies, the dietary intake was not standardised, or even known, despite diet being the prinicpal source of both vitamins...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160809/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-and-supplement-use-in-paralympic-athletes
#5
Robyn F Madden, Jane Shearer, Jill A Parnell
Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Male (n = 18) and female (n = 22) athletes were recruited from nine Paralympic sports through sporting organizations, coaches, and social media...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156647/effects-of-nutritional-interventions-during-pregnancy-on-infant-and-child-cognitive-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Rachael M Taylor, Shanna M Fealy, Alessandra Bisquera, Roger Smith, Clare E Collins, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Alexis J Hure
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that folate, iodine and iron intake during pregnancy impacts on foetal brain development and cognitive function. However, in human studies, the relationship with other dietary nutrients is less clear. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to critically appraise the current literature and meta-analyses results from nutritional interventions during pregnancy that aimed to optimise infant and child cognitive outcomes...
November 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149073/micronutrient-deficiencies-among-breastfeeding-infants-in-tanzania
#7
Alexandra L Bellows, Emily R Smith, Alfa Muhihi, Christina Briegleb, Ramadhani A Noor, Salum Mshamu, Christopher Sudfeld, Honorati Masanja, Wafaie W Fawzi
Infant mortality accounts for the majority of child deaths in Tanzania, and malnutrition is an important underlying cause. The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to describe the micronutrient status of infants in Tanzania and assess predictors of infant micronutrient deficiency. We analyzed serum vitamin D, vitamin B12, folate, and ferritin levels from 446 infants at two weeks of age, 408 infants at three months of age, and 427 mothers three months post-partum. We used log-Poisson regression to estimate relative risk of being deficient in vitamin D and vitamin B12 for infants in each age group...
November 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143484/response-of-red-blood-cell-folate-to-supplementation-in-non-pregnant-women-is-predictable-a-proposal-for-personalized-supplementation
#8
Rima Obeid, Christiane Schön, Manfred Wilhelm, Rajiv P Shrestha, Stefan Pilz, Klaus Pietrzik
SCOPE: We modelled red blood cell (RBC)-folate response to supplementation and developed personalized folate supplementation concepts. METHODS AND RESULTS: The changes of RBC-folate were modelled in a time- (4 or 8 weeks) and dose- (400 μg/d or 800 μg/d folate) dependent manner. Post-supplementation RBC-folate levels were predicted from folate-loading capacities [ = measured RBC-folate - (baseline RBC-folate * RBC-survival)]. The prediction equations were validated in 119 participants...
November 15, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137685/nutrition-research-in-cognitive-impairment-dementia-with-a-focus-on-soya-and-folate
#9
Eef Hogervorst, Shelina Kassam, Atik Kridawati, Mira Soni, Xu Xin, Xiao Shifu, Tri Budi Rahardjo
Observational studies and treatment trials investigating nutrition and cognitive function, with a focus on folate and soya and dementia, were reviewed. Data suggested that effects of folic acid based interventions may only be shown before cognitive decline is evident and/or if people are folate deficient. In older people in Indonesia, Hawai'i and China, tofu, which can contain high levels of phytoestrogens, was found to increase dementia risk. This association was not mediated by a vegetarian diet, socioeconomic status, formaldehyde, thyroid function, or loss of teeth...
November 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133979/dietary-nutrients-associated-with-preservation-of-lung-function-in-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-smokers-from-new-mexico
#10
Shuguang Leng, Maria A Picchi, Yohannes Tesfaigzi, Guodong Wu, W James Gauderman, Fadi Xu, Frank D Gilliland, Steven A Belinsky
Background: COPD is the third leading cause of death in the United States. Cigarette smoking accelerates the age-related forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) decline, an important determinant for the genesis of COPD. Hispanic smokers have lower COPD prevalence and FEV1 decline than non-Hispanic whites (NHWs). Patients and methods: A nutritional epidemiological study was conducted in the Lovelace Smokers cohort (LSC; n=1,829) and the Veterans Smokers cohort (n=508) to identify dietary nutrients (n=139) associated with average FEV1 and its decline and to assess whether nutrient intakes could explain ethnic disparity in FEV1 decline between Hispanics and NHW smokers...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129231/the-association-between-the-index-of-nutritional-quality-inq-and-breast-cancer-and-the-evaluation-of-nutrient-intake-of-breast-cancer-patients-a-case-control-study
#11
Farhad Vahid, Mahshid Hatami, Mahya Sadeghi, Fatemeh Ameri, Zeinab Faghfoori, Sayed Hossein Davoodi
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer (BrCa) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among females and second cancer after lung cancer in many societies. In Iran, the risk for BrCa is 1 in 35 and each year, 8000 new patients have been diagnosed with BrCa. Studies have shown that dietary components are implicated in the etiology of BrCa. The Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) is a method of quantitative and qualitative analysis of single foods, meals, and diets. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of INQs in predicting BrCa risk...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121493/prevalence-of-consumption-and-nutritional-content-of-breakfast-meal-among-adolescents-from-the-brazilian-national-dietary-survey
#12
Jaqueline L Pereira, Michelle A de Castro, Sinead Hopkins, Carolyn Gugger, Regina M Fisberg, Mauro Fisberg
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of breakfast consumption and describe the foods and nutrients consumed at this meal and throughout the day by Brazilian adolescents. METHOD: A total of 7276 adolescents aged 10-19 years were evaluated in the Brazilian National Dietary Survey 2008-9, a population-based cross-sectional study. Individuals' information was collected at home. Dietary data were obtained by two food records. Breakfast was defined as the first eating occasion of the day that occurred between 6 and 9:59am...
November 6, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113038/micronutrient-dietary-intake-in-latina-pregnant-adolescents-and-its-association-with-level-of-depression-stress-and-social-support
#13
Angelie Singh, Caroline Trumpff, Jeanine Genkinger, Alida Davis, Marisa Spann, Elizabeth Werner, Catherine Monk
Adolescent pregnant women are at greater risk for nutritional deficits, stress, and depression than their adult counterparts, and these risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes are likely interrelated. This study evaluated the prevalence of nutritional deficits in pregnant teenagers and assessed the associations among micronutrient dietary intake, stress, and depression. One hundred and eight pregnant Latina adolescents completed an Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall (ASA24) in the 2nd trimester...
November 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103966/an-update-of-research-evidence-on-nutrition-and-prostate-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Pao-Hwa Lin, William Aronson, Stephen J Freedland
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) remains a leading cause of mortality in US and other countries. Preclinical and clinical studies have examined the role of nutrition and dietary intake on the incidence and progression of PCa with mixed results. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this chapter is to provide an update of recent published literature and highlight progress in the field. MAIN FINDINGS: Low carbohydrate intake, soy protein, ω3 fat, green teas, tomatoes and tomato products and the herbal mixture-zyflamend showed promise in reducing PCa risk or progression...
November 2, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099364/nutrition-for-oral-health-and-oral-manifestations-of-poor-nutrition-and-unhealthy-habits
#15
Matthew Pflipsen, Yevgeniy Zenchenko
The availability of proper nutrients is critical for the growth, development, maintenance, and repair of healthy dentition and oral tissues. Deficiencies particularly relevant to the dental practice are those in folate and other B complex vitamins; vitamins A, C, and D; calcium; fluoride; and protein. A lack of these nutrients affects nearly every structure in the oral cavity, causing or contributing to scurvy, cleft palate, enamel hypoplasia, poor mineralization, caries, and other pathoses. Damage to the dentition can also be observed in individuals with unhealthy habits; for example, a diet high in sugars will promote processes such as demineralization and caries...
November 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094631/acculturation-and-dietary-intakes-by-gender-among-mongolians-in-south-korea-nutrition-education-implication-for-multicultural-families
#16
Hae Ryun Park, Zuunnast Tserendejid, Joung Hee Lee, Young Suk Lim
We explored the relationship between acculturation and dietary intake by gender for 500 Mongolians residing in South Korea. The high acculturation (HA) group females consumed more fish and shellfish, vegetables, beans, and rice, and less meats, flours, and oil than the low acculturation (LA) group did. However, there was no statistical difference in food group intake between HA and LA group males. HA group females showed higher intake of carbohydrates, fiber, sodium, potassium, calcium, vitamin A, and folate compared with LA group females...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083435/dairy-intakes-in-older-irish-adults-and-effects-on-vitamin-micronutrient-status-data-from-the-tuda-study
#17
E Laird, M C Casey, M Ward, L Hoey, C F Hughes, K McCarroll, C Cunningham, J J Strain, H McNulty, A M Molloy
BACKGROUND: Consumption of dairy products has been associated with positive health outcomes including a lower risk of hypertension, improved bone health and a reduction in the risk of type 2 diabetes. The suggested dairy intake for health in older adults is three servings per day but recent analysis of the NHANES data for older adults reported 98% were not meeting these recommendations. No studies have investigated the consequences of such declines in the dairy intakes of Irish older adults and the subsequent effects on vitamin micronutrient status...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067348/lower-brain-and-blood-nutrient-status-in-alzheimer-s-disease-results-from-meta-analyses
#18
REVIEW
Martijn C de Wilde, Bruno Vellas, Elodie Girault, Aysun Cetinyurek Yavuz, John W Sijben
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients are at risk of nutritional insufficiencies because of physiological and psychological factors. Recently, we showed the results of the meta-analyses indicating lower plasma levels of vitamins A, B12, C, E, and folate in AD patients compared with cognitively intact elderly controls (controls). Now, additional and more extensive literature searches were performed selecting studies which compare blood and brain/cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of vitamins, minerals, trace elements, micronutrients, and fatty acids in AD patients versus controls...
September 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056890/association-of-raisin-consumption-with-nutrient-intake-diet-quality-and-health-risk-factors-in-us-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2012
#19
Victor L Fulgoni, James Painter, Arianna Carughi
Raisins are one of the most commonly consumed dried fruits. Because of their unique nutrient profile, raisins may have some distinctive health benefits. The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-sectional association between raisin consumption and nutrient intake, dietary quality, body weight, and metabolic syndrome risk factors in adults. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2001-2012 (n = 29,684) were used. Raisin consumers (n = 458, 60% female) were defined as those having any amount of raisins during the first 24 h dietary recall...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046759/copper-deficiency-a-new-triad-anemia-leucopenia-and-myeloneuropathy
#20
Shoaib M Wazir, Ibrahim Ghobrial
Clinical copper deficiency is now more frequently recognized. Hematologically, it can present as anemia (microcytic, normocytic, or macrocytic) and neutropenia. Thrombocytopenia is relatively rare. Neurologically, it can manifest as myelopathy and peripheral neuropathy simulating subacute combined degeneration. Bone marrow findings can mimic myelodysplasia resulting in occasional inappropriate referral for bone marrow transplantation. Other conditions with similar presentations include infections, drug toxicity, autoimmunity, B12 deficiency, folate deficiency, myelodysplastic syndrome, aplastic anemia, and lymphoma with bone marrow involvement...
October 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
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