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Urmila Udayashankar, Vijay Srinivas Guduru, Anuradha Ananthaneni, Sabitha Devi Ramisetty, Puneeth Horatti Kuberappa, Srilekha Namala
AIMS: To determine the cellular and nuclear area of keratinocytes in smears obtained from the oral mucosa of tobacco users, those with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), and from normal healthy persons and resolve if any significant difference exists in these three groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 100 subjects 20 controls, (40 OSCC patients-20 from lesional sites and 20 from nonlesional sites, 20 tobacco smokers and 20 tobacco chewers) in the age group of 25-75 years...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
Neema Jamshidi, Danshan Huang, Fereidoun G Abtin, Christopher T Loh, Stephen T Kee, Robert D Suh, Shota Yamamoto, Kingshuk Das, Sarah Dry, Scott Binder, Dieter R Enzmann, Michael D Kuo
Purpose To identify the variables and factors that affect the quantity and quality of nucleic acid yields from imaging-guided core needle biopsy. Materials and Methods This study was approved by the institutional review board and compliant with HIPAA. The authors prospectively obtained 232 biopsy specimens from 74 patients (177 ex vivo biopsy samples from surgically resected masses were obtained from 49 patients and 55 in vivo lung biopsy samples from computed tomographic [CT]-guided lung biopsies were obtained from 25 patients) and quantitatively measured DNA and RNA yields with respect to needle gauge, number of needle passes, and percentage of the needle core...
October 18, 2016: Radiology
Tetsu Asami, Hiroki Kaneko, Kensaku Miyake, Ichiro Ota, Goichiro Miyake, Seiichi Kato, Shunsuke Yasuda, Takeshi Iwase, Yasuki Ito, Hiroko Terasaki
PURPOSE: We report a newly developed device to fragment thrombi in retinal vein occlusion. METHODS: The new instrument consists of a 23-gauge (G) pipe and a 37-G needle with an internal wire. A total of 40 porcine eyes were used; 20 eyes for experiments in the branch retinal vein (BRV group) and 20 eyes for experiments in the central retinal vein (CRV group). We placed 25-G 3-port trocars, and core vitrectomy was performed. Another 23-G scleral incision was performed for insertion of the needle...
September 2016: Translational Vision Science & Technology
Yu Ichioka, Akihito Uji, Nagahisa Yoshimura
BACKGROUND: To present an intraoperative acute Descemet's fold formation using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) imaging. CASE REPORT: A 67-year-old man complaining of reduced visual acuity in the left eye. A 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy combined with phacoemulsification cataract surgery was performed to remove the vitreomacular traction. When hydro-sealing was performed, striae rapidly spread in the cornea. SS-OCT B-scan images performed on postoperative day 1 revealed a wavy Descemet's membrane that might correspond to Descemet's folds...
May 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Simone Donati, Simona Maria Caprani, Francesco Semeraro, Riccardo Vinciguerra, Gianni Virgili, Francesco Testa, Francesca Simonelli, Claudio Azzolini
PURPOSE: To analyze functional and morphological findings after surgery for idiopathic epiretinal macular membrane (IEMM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty eyes of 20 patients affected by IEMM underwent 23-Gauge surgery. Morphological and functional examinations were assessed at baseline and at 30, 90, and 180 days after surgery. SD-OCT evaluated foveal morphology and thickness, photoreceptor inner/outer segment junction, and external limiting membrane. Functional assessment evaluated visual acuity, retinal sensitivity, and fixation patterns...
August 10, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Aditya Kelkar, Jai Kelkar, Sampada Chitale, Rachana Shah, Ashish Jain, Shreekant Kelkar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the surgical outcomes of combined femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) with 25-gauge vitrectomy surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 45 patients who underwent combined FLACS with 25-gauge vitrectomy surgery. RESULTS: A total number of 45 eyes of 45 patients were treated with a mean age of 63.27 years (range 45-75). The mean follow-up was 3 months (range 3-12 months)...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Christopher C Surek, Eva Guisantes, Kenna Schnarr, Glenn Jelks, Javier Beut
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the anatomical principles of lip structure as they relate to individualized lip enhancement procedures and to describe a technique that does not violate lip mucosa during injection. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing lip enhancement procedures between 2001 and 2014 was performed. Preprocedural and postprocedural photographs were analyzed for lip subunit changes. A stepwise treatment algorithm targeting specific anatomical subunits of lip is described...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Vassilis Kouloulias, John Kokakis, Nikolaos Kelekis, John Kouvaris
The development of a questionnaire (QRFPC25) assessing the religiosity of cancer patients. The method used for the questionnaire comprises seven multi-item and three single-item scales formed from a 25-question module. The questionnaire was completed on-site and a week after antineoplastic therapy. The final sample included 156 patients. The main topics of the QRFPC25 are the following: worship, relationship with the divine, spiritual discussion, hope, participation in holly communion, faith, life after death, love, bioethics and global quality of life (QoL)...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Pradeep Venkatesh, Varun Gogia, Shikha Gupta, Bhavin M Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Douglas L Miller
Diagnostic ultrasound can induce pulmonary capillary hemorrhage (PCH) in rats and other mammals. This phenomenon represents the only clearly demonstrated biological effect of (non-contrast enhanced) diagnostic ultrasound and thus presents a uniquely important safety issue. However, the physical mechanism responsible for PCH remains uncertain more than 25 y after its discovery. Experimental research has indicated that neither heating nor acoustic cavitation, the predominant mechanisms for bioeffects of ultrasound, is responsible for PCH...
September 17, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Katja Behrendt, Oliver Groene
BACKGROUND: Public reporting of surgeon outcomes has become a key strategy in the English NHS to ensure accountability and improve the quality of care. Much of the evidence that supported the design of the strategy originates from the USA. This report aims to assess how the evidence on public reporting could be harnessed for cross-country translation of this health system strategy; in particular, to gauge the expected results of the UK surgeon outcome initiative and to propose criteria that elucidate that prerequisites and factors that are needed to public reporting effective...
September 7, 2016: Health Policy
Renato B Cunha, Rubens C Siqueira, André Messias, Ingrid U Scott, Silvia Ligorio Fialho, Armando da Silva Cunha-Junior, Rodrigo Jorge
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of a 25-gauge biodegradable implant containing 350 μg of dexamethasone (DDS-25) for the treatment of decreased vision due to macular edema associated with central or branch retinal vein occlusion. METHODS: Prospective, nonrandomized, open-label, Phase I clinical trial, including 10 patients with decreased vision (best-corrected early treatment diabetic retinopathy study visual acuity of 20/40 or worse) due to macular edema associated with central retinal vein occlusion (n = 4) or branch retinal vein occlusion (n = 6) for more than 4 months...
September 14, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Michael Mimouni, Victor Flores, Eytan Z Blumenthal, Yoreh Barak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes of 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) gas for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) associated with multiple-quadrant versus single-quadrant breaks. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of patients with RRD who underwent 25-gauge PPV with breaks involving multiple quadrants (Group A) or versus a single quadrant (Group B). RESULTS: One hundred eighteen eyes of 118 patients with a mean age of 60...
September 1, 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Bon Sebastian, Anand Tippanna Talikoti, Kiran Nelamangala, Dinesh Krishnamurthy
INTRODUCTION: Conquering postoperative pain which has significant impact on the surgery outcome can be challenging for the clinicians. Pregabalin is a GABA analogue used for various neuropathic pain syndromes. Very few studies are there with the use of pregabalin as a preemptive analgesic for orthopedic surgeries. AIM: To compare pregabalin 150 mg with placebo for postoperative pain control in patients undergoing elective lower limb orthopedic surgeries under spinal anaesthesia and to assess any side effects...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Denis Jusufbegovic, Ahmet Ozkok, Shlomit Schaal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Retina
Yossra Mahran, Robert Schueler, Marcel Weber, Carmen Pizarro, Georg Nickenig, Dirk Skowasch, Christoph Hammerstingl
AIM: To find parameters from transthorathic echocardiography (TTE) including speckle-tracking (ST) analysis of the right ventricle (RV) to identify precapillary pulmonary hypertension (PH). METHODS: Forty-four patients with suspected PH undergoing right heart catheterization (RHC) were consecutively included (mean age 63.1 ± 14 years, 61% male gender). All patients underwent standardized TTE including ST analysis of the RV. Based on the subsequent TTE-derived measurements, the presence of PH was assessed: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was calculated by Simpsons rule from 4Ch...
August 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
Sanath Shetty, K Kamalakanth Shenoy, Aju Sabu
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of the angle made by Frankfort horizontal plane-occlusal plane on maxillary casts, mounted using the respective facebows on Artex Amann Girrbach and Hanau Wide-vue semi-adjustable articulators with cephalometrically derived Frankfort horizontal plane-occlusal plane angle as a control. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Maxillary casts of 30 subjects were mounted on Hanau Wide-vue and Artex Amann Girrbach semi-adjustable articulators following facebow transfer using respective facebows...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Zheng Duan, Junzhi Liu, Ye Tuo, Gabriele Chiogna, Markus Disse
This study provides a comprehensive evaluation of eight high spatial resolution gridded precipitation products in Adige Basin located in Italy within 45-47.1°N. The Adige Basin is characterized by a complex topography, and independent ground data are available from a network of 101 rain gauges during 2000-2010. The eight products include the Version 7 TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission) Multi-satellite Precipitation Analysis 3B42 product, three products from CMORPH (the Climate Prediction Center MORPHing technique), i...
September 9, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Alper Mete, Peykan Türkçüoğlu, Sabit Kimyon, Kıvanç Güngör
PURPOSE: We report the outcomes of three consecutive patients with optic disc pit-associated maculopathy who were treated with 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy, internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, fluid-air exchange, barrage endolaser, and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) gas tamponade. CASE REPORT: Patients with optic disc pit-associated maculopathy were treated with 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy followed by ILM peeling, fluid-air exchange, barrage endolaser, and gas tamponade with 20 % SF6...
September 10, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Peter Walter, Martin Hellmich, Sabine Baumgarten, Petra Schiller, Endrik Limburg, Hansjürgen Agostini, Amelie Pielen, Horst Helbig, Albrecht Lommatzsch, Gernot Rössler, Babac Mazinani
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether or not an additional encircling band improves outcome in vitrectomy for pseudophakic retinal detachment (PRD). Also unclear is whether small gauge transconjunctival trocar-guided vitrectomy is as successful as conventional 20 gauge (G) vitrectomy. METHODS: 257 adult patients with uncomplicated PRD were enrolled in 14 vitreoretinal centres across Germany. Contingent on availability of qualified surgeons, eligible patients were randomly assigned either (i) with ratio 1:1 to 20 G vitrectomy plus encircling band (group E1) or 20 G vitrectomy without any buckle (group C) or (ii) with ratios 1:1:1 to group E1, C or 23/25 G vitrectomy without any buckle (group E2)...
September 8, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
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