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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299351/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-tissue-sampling-of-small-subepithelial-tumors-of-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-with-a-22-gauge-core-biopsy-needle
#1
Christoph Schlag, Christoph Menzel, Manuela Götzberger, Simon Nennstiel, Peter Klare, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Roland M Schmid, Gregor Weirich, Stefan von Delius
Background and study aims The optimal approach to small subepithelial tumors (SETs) of the upper gastrointestinal tract remains inconclusive. The aim of this study was to evaluate endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) for less invasive tissue sampling of small SETs of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Patients and methods In this prospective observational study patients with small ( ≤ 3 cm) SETs of the upper gastrointestinal tract were eligible and underwent EUS-FNB with a 22-gauge core biopsy needle...
March 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291853/an-in-vitro-evaluation-of-the-loosening-of-different-interchangeable-abutments-in-internal-connection-type-implants
#2
Ji-Man Park, Chang-Hyun Baek, Seong-Joo Heo, Seong-Kyun Kim, Jai-Young Koak, Shin-Koo Kim, Urs C Belser
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the loosening of interchangeable one-piece abutments connected to internal-connection-type implants after cyclic loading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four implant abutment groups (n = 7 in each group) with Straumann tissue-level implants were assessed: Straumann solid abutment (group S), Southern Implants solid abutment (group SI), Implant Direct straight abutment (group ID), and Blue Sky Bio regular platform abutment (group BSB)...
March 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287282/cerebrovascular-reactivity-in-acute-hyperoxia-in-patients-with-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#3
Ivana Hegeduš, Jakov Milić, Anita Ćosić, Krunoslav Buljan, Ines Drenjančević
AIM: This study aimed to assess the effect of acute hyperoxia on cerebral and systemic heamodynamics and the plasma concentration of prostacyclin and thromboxane in patients with stroke. METHODS: Mean blood flow velocity (MBFV), pulsatility and resistance indices of the middle cerebral artery using transcranial Doppler ultrasound before and during acute hyperoxia (4 L of 100%O2/15' over facial mask) in 92 participants - 25 patients with acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) that occurred within 72 hours and diabetes mellitus (SPDM), 26 AIS patients without DM (SP) and in 41 healthy controls (HS), were measured...
March 13, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271057/the-need-for-improved-detection-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-young-children
#4
Tracy E Bunting-Early, Nader Shaikh, Lynn Woo, Christopher S Cooper, T Ernesto Figueroa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: An estimated 400,000 urinary tract infections (UTIs) are diagnosed annually in children aged <3 years in the United States; yet >50% of febrile UTIs may be missed in this population. Here, we explored possible barriers to diagnosing febrile UTIs in very young children through social research of community pediatricians. METHODS: Following qualitative interviews, a quantitative survey was developed that included a high-risk case for febrile UTI, presented before prompting for the topic of the survey, to gauge practice of delayed testing...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255997/successful-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-embolization-of-renal-pseudoaneurysm-by-autologous-blood-clot-preliminary-report-of-a-new-method
#5
Mohammad Zare Mehrjardi, Seyed Morteza Bagheri, Mohsen Darabi
We report the case of a 25-year-old female with renal arteriovenous fistula and pseudoaneurysm (PA) formation following renal core-needle biopsy, treated successfully by ultrasound-guided percutaneous embolization with autologous blood clot injection. After inserting a 15-gauge needle within the PA sac, 10 ml of blood was retrieved from the sac, and then reinjected into the PA as well as in the needle tract after the obtained blood completely clotted. The procedure was completed by manual compression of the flank...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251321/comparing-the-effects-of-peritonsillar-infiltration-of-tramadol-before-and-after-the-surgery-on-post-tonsillectomy-pain
#6
Hatami Maryam, Jesmani Amin, Vaziribozorg Sedighe, Ayatollahi Vida
The aim of the study was to compare the effects of peritonsillar infiltration of tramadol before and after the surgery on post-tonsillectomy pain. In this double-blinded clinical trial study, 80 children aged 5-12 years old with ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) class I or II undergoing tonsillectomy involved. In group A (n = 40), after anesthesia induction and before starting the surgery, tramadol 2 mg/kg diluted in normal saline up to 2 cc total volume was injected into the tensile bed by the anesthesiologist using a 25 gauge needle...
March 1, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245442/analysis-of-choroidal-thickness-change-after-25-gauge-vitrectomy-for-idiopathic-epiretinal-membrane-with-or-without-phacoemulsification-and-intraocular-lens-implantation
#7
Giamberto Casini, Pasquale Loiudice, Stefano Lazzeri, Marco Pellegrini, Guido Ripandelli, Michele Figus, Flavio Dalle Lucche, Giuseppe Cirmi, Marco Nardi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate choroidal thickness modifications before and after vitrectomy with or without phacoemulsification for idiopathic epiretinal membrane in the operated eye and in the unaffected fellow eye. METHODS: In total, 53 eyes of 53 patients underwent 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy plus internal limiting membrane peeling and air tamponade. Twenty-seven eyes underwent combined surgery with phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation...
February 25, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242824/gender-differences-in-tibial-microvascular-flow-responses-to-head-down-tilt-and-lower-body-negative-pressure
#8
Jamila H Siamwala, Brandon R Macias, Paul C Lee, Alan R Hargens
The purpose of the investigation was to study lower body negative pressure recovery in response to head down tilt position in men and women. The study examined the primary hypothesis that tibial bone microvascular flow responses to HDT and lower body negative pressure (LBNP) differ in women and men. Nine women and nine men between 20 to 30 years of age participated in the study. Tibial microvascular flow, head and tibial oxygenation and calf circumference were measured using photoplethysmography (PPG), near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and strain gauge plethysmography (SGP), respectively, during sitting (control baseline), supine, 15° HDT, and 15° HDT with 25 mmHg LBNP Tibial microvascular flow with HDT increased by 57% from supine position (from 1...
February 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238804/challenges-in-diagnosing-and-treating-snakebites-in-a-rural-population-of-tamil-nadu-india-the-views-of-clinicians
#9
Harry F Williams, Rajendran Vaiyapuri, Prabu Gajjeraman, Gail Hutchinson, Jonathan M Gibbins, Andrew B Bicknell, Sakthivel Vaiyapuri
Snakebites cause death, disability and economic devastation to their victims, people who live almost exclusively in rural areas. Annually an estimated two million venomous bites cause as many as 100,000 deaths worldwide as well as hundreds of thousands of deformities and amputations. Recent studies suggest that India has the highest incidence of snakebite and associated deaths worldwide. In this study, we interviewed 25 hospital-based clinicians who regularly treat snakebites in Tamil Nadu, India, in order to gauge their opinions and views on the diagnostic tools and treatment methods available at that time, the difficulties encountered in treating snakebites and improvements to snakebite management protocols they deem necessary...
February 24, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223938/hypoxic-repeat-sprint-training-improves-rugby-player-s-repeated-sprint-but-not-endurance-performance
#10
Michael J Hamlin, Peter D Olsen, Helen C Marshall, Catherine A Lizamore, Catherine A Elliot
This study aims to investigate the performance changes in 19 well-trained male rugby players after repeat-sprint training (six sessions of four sets of 5 × 5 s sprints with 25 s and 5 min of active recovery between reps and sets, respectively) in either normobaric hypoxia (HYP; n = 9; FIO2 = 14.5%) or normobaric normoxia (NORM; n = 10; FIO2 = 20.9%). Three weeks after the intervention, 2 additional repeat-sprint training sessions in hypoxia (FIO2 = 14.5%) was investigated in both groups to gauge the efficacy of using "top-up" sessions for previously hypoxic-trained subjects and whether a small hypoxic dose would be beneficial for the previously normoxic-trained group...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221258/endoillumination-assisted-modified-scleral-buckling
#11
Alexandre Assi, Youssef Abdelmassih, Sylvain El-Khoury
PURPOSE: To assess the anatomical and functional outcomes in addition to complications for endoillumination-assisted modified scleral buckling surgery using a noncontact Oculus BIOM wide-angle viewing system in patients with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. METHODS: This is an interventional prospective noncomparative case series. Consecutive patients listed for scleral buckle surgery for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were enrolled over an 18-month period and followed up for 1 year...
February 17, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165432/calibration-of-laser-beam-direction-for-inner-diameter-measuring-device
#12
Tongyu Yang, Zhong Wang, Zhengang Wu, Xingqiang Li, Lei Wang, Changjie Liu
The laser triangulation method is one of the most advanced methods for large inner diameter measurement. Our research group proposed a kind of inner diameter measuring device that is principally composed of three laser displacement sensors known to be fixed in the same plane measurement position. It is necessary to calibrate the direction of the laser beams that are emitted by laser displacement sensors because they do not meet the theoretical model accurately. For the purpose of calibrating the direction of laser beams, a calibration method and mathematical model were proposed...
February 5, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164257/skeletal-and-dentoalveolar-bilateral-dimensions-in-unilateral-palatally-impacted-canine-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#13
Mariel Franchesca D Oleo-Aracena, Luis Ernesto Arriola-Guillén, Yalil Augusto Rodríguez-Cárdenas, Gustavo Armando Ruíz-Mora
BACKGROUND: The aim of this investigation was to compare skeletal and dentoalveolar measurements of subject with unilateral palatally impacted canine versus the unaffected contralateral side on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: A cross-sectional study (split mouth design) that included 28 CBCTs (i.e., 56 sides) with unilaterally impacted maxillary canines was performed. After conducting a pilot test to gauge the researcher, heights and widths of skeletal and dentoalveolar variables obtained in the maxilla were measured using coronal and axial views...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163929/25-gauge-vitrectomy-in-open-eye-injury-with-retained-foreign-body
#14
G Sborgia, N Recchimurzo, A Niro, L Sborgia, A Sborgia, G Alessio
Purpose. Ocular trauma with retained foreign body is an important cause of visual impairment in working-age population. Clinical status impacts on the timing and planning of surgery. In the last year small gauge vitrectomy has become safer and more efficient, extending the range of pathologies successfully treated. Aims. To evaluate the safety and outcomes in patients with open eye injury with retained foreign body that underwent early 25-gauge vitrectomy. Methods. In this retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case series, we performed 25-gauge vitrectomy on 10 patients affected by open globe injuries with retained foreign body, over 3 years...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149780/corneal-topographic-changes-and-surgically-induced-astigmatism-following-combined-phacoemulsification-and-25-gauge-vitrectomy
#15
Khulood Mohammed Sayed, Mahmoud M Farouk, Takashi Katome, Toshihiko Nagasawa, Takeshi Naito, Yoshinori Mitamura
AIM: To evaluate corneal topographic changes and surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) after combined phacoemulsification and 25-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy (25-G TSV). METHODS: A retrospective study on 96 eyes of 87 patients who underwent combined phacoemulsification and 25-G TSV. The different topographic parameters and SIA were analyzed pre- and postoperatively. RESULTS: There was no significant changes in corneal topographic parameters at different follow up periods...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146451/training-effectiveness-of-a-wide-area-virtual-environment-in-medical-simulation
#16
Grady S Wier, Rebekah Tree, Rasha Nusr
INTRODUCTION: The success of war fighters and medical personnel handling traumatic injuries largely depends on the quality of training they receive before deployment. The purpose of this study was to gauge the utility of a Wide Area Virtual Environment (WAVE) as a training adjunct by comparing and evaluating student performance, measuring sense of realism, and assessing the impact on student satisfaction with their training exposure in an immersive versus a field environment. METHODS: This comparative prospective cohort study examined the utility of a three-screen WAVE where subjects were immersed in the training environment with medical simulators...
February 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120016/-in-situ-broken-27-gauge-spinal-needle-in-a-repeated-caesarean-delivery-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
A D Rieg, A Dortgolz, S Macko, R Rossaint, G Schälte
We report the rare case of an in situ fracture of a spinal needle within the setting of repeated caesarean delivery in a 28-year-old pregnant woman and discuss the responsible underlying factors. In particular, a wrong technique, limited experience, difficulties to identify the anatomical landmarks, as well as the use of spinal needles smaller than 25 G might promote such a complication. In order to ensure the stability of the spinal needle and to avoid an in situ fracture, the spinal needle should be never moved without the stylet...
February 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107350/maternal-and-newborn-health-in-karnataka-state-india-the-community-level-interventions-for-pre-eclampsia-clip-trial-s-baseline-study-results
#18
Mrutynjaya B Bellad, Marianne Vidler, Narayan V Honnungar, Ashalata Mallapur, Umesh Ramadurg, Umesh Charanthimath, Geetanjali Katageri, Shashidhar Bannale, Avinash Kavi, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Sumedha Sharma, Tang Lee, Jing Li, Beth Payne, Laura Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Richard Derman, Shivaprasad S Goudar
Existing vital health statistics registries in India have been unable to provide reliable estimates of maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity, and region-specific health estimates are essential to the planning and monitoring of health interventions. This study was designed to assess baseline rates as the precursor to a community-based cluster randomized control trial (cRCT)-Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) Trial (NCT01911494; CTRI/2014/01/004352). The objective was to describe baseline demographics and health outcomes prior to initiation of the CLIP trial and to improve knowledge of population-level health, in particular of maternal and neonatal outcomes related to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, in northern districts the state of Karnataka, India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103727/exam-anxiety-in-the-undergraduate-medical-students-of-taibah-university
#19
Khalid I Khoshhal, Gamal A Khairy, Salman Y Guraya, Shaista S Guraya
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Assessment is perceived to create highly stressful environment among medical students. Several studies have reported exam-related anxiety symptoms but the contributing factors seem to differ across institutions. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of exam anxiety, gender differences and the variables that moderate exam anxiety among students of a Saudi medical school. METHODS: A cross-section study was done on 5th year medical students by administering a 12-statement self-administered questionnaire...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103638/music-interventions-for-acquired-brain-injury
#20
REVIEW
Wendy L Magee, Imogen Clark, Jeanette Tamplin, Joke Bradt
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, and sensory processing, and in emotional disturbances, which can severely reduce a survivor's quality of life. Music interventions have been used in rehabilitation to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. An update of the systematic review published in 2010 was needed to gauge the efficacy of music interventions in rehabilitation for people with ABI...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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