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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627110/patient-preferences-for-healthcare-delivery-through-community-pharmacy-settings-in-the-usa-a-discrete-choice-study
#1
M Feehan, M Walsh, J Godin, D Sundwall, M A Munger
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: In order to improve public health, it is necessary to facilitate patients' easy access to affordable high-quality primary health care, and one enhanced approach to do so may be to provide primary healthcare services in the community pharmacy setting. Discrete choice experiments to evaluate patient demand for services in pharmacy are relatively limited and have been hampered by a focus on only a few service alternatives, most focusing on changes in more traditional pharmacy services...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627080/comparison-of-subconjunctival-scarring-after-microincision-vitrectomy-surgery-using-20-23-25-and-27-gauge-systems-in-rabbits
#2
Makoto Gozawa, Yoshihiro Takamura, Seiji Miyake, Kentaro Iwasaki, Shogo Arimura, Yuji Takihara, Masaru Inatani
PURPOSE: To compare subconjunctival scarring after vitrectomy in rabbit eyes using different gauge systems by analysing anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) images and histological sections. METHODS: Vitrectomy using 20-, 23-, 25- and 27-gauge systems was performed for rabbits. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) images of the incision sites were obtained before and at day 1, 7 and 1 month after surgery. We measured the thickness of conjunctival epithelium, stroma, Tenon's capsule and total conjunctiva of these three layers, then determined the preservation rates of the borderlines between each layer...
June 19, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618301/noninvasive-measurement-of-wave-speed-of-porcine-cornea-in-ex-vivo-porcine-eyes-for-various-intraocular-pressures
#3
Boran Zhou, Arthur J Sit, Xiaoming Zhang
The objective of this study was to extend an ultrasound surface wave elastography (USWE) technique for noninvasive measurement of ocular tissue elastic properties. In particular, we aim to establish the relationship between the wave speed of cornea and the intraocular pressure (IOP). Normal ranges of IOP are between 12 and 22mmHg. Ex vivo porcine eye balls were used in this research. The porcine eye ball was supported by the gelatin phantom in a testing container. Some water was pour into the container for the ultrasound measurement...
June 7, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617905/incidence-of-presumed-silicone-oil-droplets-in-the-vitreous-cavity-after-intravitreal-bevacizumab-injection-with-insulin-syringes
#4
Rahul N Khurana, Louis K Chang, Travis C Porco
Importance: Intravitreal bevacizumab is a frequently used antivascular endothelial growth factor medication in the United States, but its off-label use is associated with risks associated with the compounding preparation. Objective: To determine the incidence of presumed silicone oil droplets after intravitreal bevacizumab was prepared in insulin syringes by a compounding pharmacy. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective review was conducted of 60 patients who experienced intravitreal silicone oil droplets in the eye after intravitreal bevacizumab injections from a single specialist practice from October 1, 2015, to November 30, 2016...
June 15, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616238/validation-of-a-portable-waterproof-blood-ph-analyser-for-elasmobranchs
#5
Brendan Talwar, Ian A Bouyoucos, Oliver Shipley, Jodie L Rummer, John W Mandelman, Edward J Brooks, R Dean Grubbs
Quantifying changes in blood chemistry in elasmobranchs can provide insights into the physiological insults caused by anthropogenic stress, and can ultimately inform conservation and management strategies. Current methods for analysing elasmobranch blood chemistry in the field are often costly and logistically challenging. We compared blood pH values measured using a portable, waterproof pH meter (Hanna Instruments HI 99161) with blood pH values measured by an i-STAT system (CG4+ cartridges), which was previously validated for teleost and elasmobranch fishes, to gauge the accuracy of the pH meter in determining whole blood pH for the Cuban dogfish (Squalus cubensis) and lemon shark (Negaprion brevirostris)...
2017: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610429/optimization-of-electrospun-poly-n-isopropyl-acrylamide-mats-for-the-rapid-reversible-adhesion-of-mammalian-cells
#6
Kirsten N Cicotte, Jamie A Reed, Phuong Anh H Nguyen, Jacqueline A De Lora, Elizabeth L Hedberg-Dirk, Heather E Canavan
Poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (pNIPAM) is a "smart" polymer that responds to changes in altering temperature near physiologically relevant temperatures, changing its relative hydrophobicity. Mammalian cells attach to pNIPAM at 37 °C and detach spontaneously as a confluent sheet when the temperature is shifted below the lower critical solution temperature (∼32 °C). A variety of methods have been used to create pNIPAM films, including plasma polymerization, self-assembled monolayers, and electron beam ionization...
June 13, 2017: Biointerphases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603649/comparison-of-multiple-techniques-for-endobronchial-ultrasound-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-specimen-preparation-in-a-single-institution-experience
#7
Nicola Rotolo, Maria Cattoni, Giorgio Crosta, Elisa Nardecchia, Albino Poli, Francesca Moretti, Valentina Conti, Stefano La Rosa, Lorenzo Dominioni, Andrea Imperatori
BACKGROUND: The optimal method for specimen preparation of endobronchial ultrasound-transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is still controversial. This study aims to compare several techniques available for EBUS-TBNA specimen acquisition and processing, in order to identify the best performing technique. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 199 consecutive patients [male, 73%; median age, 64 years (IQR: 52-74 years)] undergoing EBUS-TBNA at our institution from 2012 through 2014 for diagnosis of hilar-mediastinal lymph node enlargement suspect of neoplastic (n=139) or granulomatous (n=60) disease...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603646/ten-year-experience-with-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-single-center-results-in-mediastinal-diagnostic-and-staging
#8
Lorenzo Rosso, Stefano Ferrero, Paolo Mendogni, Eleonora Bonaparte, Rosaria Carrinola, Alessandro Palleschi, Ilaria Righi, Matteo Montoli, Francesco Damarco, Davide Tosi
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasonography with transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is recognized as an accurate and minimal invasive procedure for diagnosis and staging of lung cancer and lymph nodal malignancies. EBUS is recommended as the first choice procedure for mediastinal staging in lung cancer in international guidelines. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation was performed on single center experience with EBUS-TBNA in our thoracic surgery department in a 10-year time frame...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598182/masticatory-parameters-of-children-with-and-without-clinically-diagnosed-caries-in-permanent-dentition
#9
M S Kaya, S Akyuz, B Guclu, D Diracoglu, A Yarat
AIM: Mastication turns food into a bolus and prepares it for chemical digestion. Any condition affecting tooth structure and position may have an impact on mastication. The aim of this study is to compare masticatory performance (MP) and maximum bite force (MBF) between children with and without clinically visible caries in permanent first molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted with 50 children in good general condition aged 12-14 years (25 girls, 25 boys) with no orthodontic/skeletal anomalies and no missing teeth due to dental trauma or extraction...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586375/performance-analysis-of-a-new-hypersonic-vitrector-system
#10
Paulo Eduardo Stanga, Salvador Pastor-Idoate, Isaac Zambrano, Paul Carlin, David McLeod
PURPOSE: To evaluate porcine vitreous flow and water flow rates in a new prototype hypersonic vitrectomy system compared to currently available pneumatic guillotine vitrectors (GVs) systems. METHODS: Two vitrectors were tested, a prototype, ultrasound-powered, hypersonic vitrector (HV) and a GV. Porcine vitreous was obtained within 12 to 24 h of sacrifice and kept at 4°C. A vial of vitreous or water was placed on a precision balance and its weight measured before and after the use of each vitrector...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580571/ultrasound-guided-balloon-catheterisation-a-new-method-of-fetal-lower-urinary-tract-obstruction-management
#11
Marzena Dębska, Adam Koleśnik, Piotr Kretowicz, Anna Olędzka, Piotr Gastoł, Romuald Dębski
OBJECTIVES: Fetal lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO), most often associated with presence of posterior urethral valves, poses high risk of perinatal mortality or postnatal renal failure. Looking for a method of causative treatment we have devel-oped a technique of fetal urethroplasty with a coronary angioplasty balloon catheter inserted under an ultrasonographic guidance via an 18-gauge needle introduced transabdominally to fetal bladder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have used this procedure in three women with singleton pregnancies (two primiparas and one multipara, 32-35 years of age), diagnosed with fetal megacystis at 12-16 weeks of gestation...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579341/percutaneous-ultrasound-guided-fiducial-marker-placement-for-liver-cancer-robotic-stereotactic-radio-surgery-treatment-a-comparative-analysis-of-three-types-of-markers-and-needles
#12
Maria Marsico, Tommaso Gabbani, Sarah Lunardi, Andrea Galli, Maria Rosa Biagini, Vito Annese
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Percutaneous placement of fiducial markers is required to perform stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for liver neoplastic lesions. This prospective trial was designed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of percutaneous ultrasound-guided placement of three different types of markers in patients with liver cancer referred for SBRT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients underwent percutaneous ultrasound-guided implantation of a fiducial marker in the liver...
June 1, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578325/survey-of-techniques-utilized-to-access-ventricular-shunts-and-reservoirs
#13
Claudia I Martinez, Stephen Fletcher, Manish N Shah, Marcia L Kerr, David I Sandberg
AIMS: This study assessed variations in pediatric neurosurgical technique when accessing shunts and ventricular access devices (VADs). METHODS: A 12-question survey was developed and sent to members of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) whose self-identified subspecialty was pediatric neurosurgery. RESULTS: Four hundred and twenty surveys were sent out, and 149 responses were received (35.5% response rate); 95.3% of respondents always use sterile gloves, 55...
June 3, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567145/applicability-of-the-moyers-probability-tables-in-adolescents-with-different-facial-biotypes
#14
Jorge J Pavani Carrillo, Maria C Rubial, Cristina Albornoz, Silvina Villalba, Patricia Damiani, Marta Rugani de Cravero
INTRODUCTION: The Moyers' probability tables are used in mixed dentition analysis to estimate the extent of space required for the alignment of canines and premolars, by correlating the mesiodistal size of lower incisors with the size of permanent canines and premolars. OBJECTIVE: This study intended to evaluate the applicability of the Moyer's probability tables for predicting the mesiodistal space needed for the correct location of premolars and permanent canines non-erupted, in adolescents of the city of Cordoba, Argentina, who show different facial biotypes...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556242/cerebral-compensation-during-motor-function-in-friedreich-ataxia-the-image-frda-study
#15
Ian H Harding, Louise A Corben, Martin B Delatycki, Monique R Stagnitti, Elsdon Storey, Gary F Egan, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis
BACKGROUND: Friedreich ataxia is characterized by progressive motor incoordination that is linked to peripheral, spinal, and cerebellar neuropathology. Cerebral abnormalities are also reported in Friedreich ataxia, but their role in disease expression remains unclear. METHODS: In this cross-sectional functional magnetic resonance imaging study, 25 individuals with Friedreich ataxia and 33 healthy controls performed simple (self-paced single-finger) and complex (visually cued multifinger) tapping tasks to respectively gauge basic and attentionally demanding motor behavior...
May 27, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546930/implantation-of-trabecular-micro-bypass-stent-using-a-novel-landing-strip-technique
#16
Cindy X Zheng, Marlene R Moster, Priyanka Gogte, Yang Dai, Remy S Manzi, Michael Waisbourd
AIM: To describe a novel technique of creating a landing strip within the trabecular meshwork to guide trabecular micro-bypass stent (iStent) implantation in patients who underwent phacoemulsification. METHODS: Thirty-four eyes from 30 patients who underwent iStent implantation after phacoemulsification from May 2014 to February 2015 were included in our retrospective study. All iStents were implanted via the "landing strip" technique. A 25-gauge microvitreoretinal blade was used to bisect the trabecular meshwork to less than 1 clock-hour, effectively creating a landing strip...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540794/preliminary-experience-with-direct-percutaneous-arterial-embolisation-combined-with-radiofrequency-ablation-for-hypervascular-hcc
#17
Wei Yang, Kun Yan, Min-Hua Chen, Jin-Yu Wu, Zhong-Yi Zhang, Jung-Chieh Lee, Song Wang, Wei Wu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of a novel technique consisting of ultrasound-guided percutaneous arterial embolisation (PAE) of the tumour-feeding artery before radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hypervascular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Twenty-three HCC patients with hypervascular tumours who were non-TACE candidates were enrolled in the study. The mean size of the tumours was 4.6 ± 1.2 cm (3.2-6.0 cm). PAE was performed using 20-gauge catheter needles under greyscale and colour ultrasound guidance...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540021/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-the-removal-of-posterior-intraocular-foreign-bodies
#18
Jesus Hernan Gonzalez-Cortes, Yunuen Bages-Rousselon, Jesus Emiliano Gonzalez-Cantu, Jesus Mohamed-Hamsho
This is a prospective clinical assay that included six patients who were diagnosed with penetrating corneal injury, traumatic cataract, and posterior segment intraocular foreign body (IOFB). Following anterior segment repair and extraction of traumatic cataract by clear cornea phacoemulsification, a standard 25-gauge transconjunctival pars plana vitrectomy was performed to find and release the IOFB. With active suction using a 25-gauge silicone tipped cannula, the foreign body was retrieved and safely placed in the anterior chamber...
April 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535461/raman-spectroscopic-study-of-cyclohexane-at-pressures-below-1000mpa
#19
Erwei Qiao, Haifei Zheng
At present, the room temperature freezing pressure of cyclohexane is still uncertain, and the phase transition pressure of solid I - solid III is not reliable at ambient temperature. In this work, we have performed a Raman spectroscopic study of cyclohexane in a Moissanite anvil cell at pressures below 1000MPa at 25°C, and analyzed the characteristic of Raman brands νs(CH2), νas(CH2) and νb(Ring). Two phase transition pressures 80MPa and 550MPa were determined by a quartz pressure gauge, and they are the room temperature freezing pressure of cyclohexane and the phase transition pressure of solid I to solid III, respectively...
May 16, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532283/the-feasibility-of-an-automated-eye-tracking-modified-fagan-test-of-memory-for-human-faces-in-younger-ugandan-hiv-exposed-children
#20
Ronak Chhaya, Jonathan Weiss, Victoria Seffren, Alla Sikorskii, Paula M Winke, Julius C Ojuka, Michael J Boivin
OBJECTIVE: The Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence (FTII) uses longer gaze length for unfamiliar versus familiar human faces to gauge visual-spatial encoding, attention, and working memory in infants. Our objective was to establish the feasibility of automated eye tracking with the FTII in HIV-exposed Ugandan infants. METHOD: The FTII was administered to 31 perinatally HIV-exposed noninfected (HEU) Ugandan children 6-12 months of age (11 boys; M = 0.69 years, SD = 0...
May 22, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
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