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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107350/maternal-and-newborn-health-in-karnataka-state-india-the-community-level-interventions-for-pre-eclampsia-clip-trial-s-baseline-study-results
#1
Mrutynjaya B Bellad, Marianne Vidler, Narayan V Honnungar, Ashalata Mallapur, Umesh Ramadurg, Umesh Charanthimath, Geetanjali Katageri, Shashidhar Bannale, Avinash Kavi, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Sumedha Sharma, Tang Lee, Jing Li, Beth Payne, Laura Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Richard Derman, Shivaprasad S Goudar
Existing vital health statistics registries in India have been unable to provide reliable estimates of maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity, and region-specific health estimates are essential to the planning and monitoring of health interventions. This study was designed to assess baseline rates as the precursor to a community-based cluster randomized control trial (cRCT)-Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) Trial (NCT01911494; CTRI/2014/01/004352). The objective was to describe baseline demographics and health outcomes prior to initiation of the CLIP trial and to improve knowledge of population-level health, in particular of maternal and neonatal outcomes related to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, in northern districts the state of Karnataka, India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103727/exam-anxiety-in-the-undergraduate-medical-students-of-taibah-university
#2
Khalid I Khoshhal, Gamal A Khairy, Salman Y Guraya, Shaista S Guraya
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Assessment is perceived to create highly stressful environment among medical students. Several studies have reported exam-related anxiety symptoms but the contributing factors seem to differ across institutions. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of exam anxiety, gender differences and the variables that moderate exam anxiety among students of a Saudi medical school. METHODS: A cross-section study was done on 5th year medical students by administering a 12-statement self-administered questionnaire...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103638/music-interventions-for-acquired-brain-injury
#3
REVIEW
Wendy L Magee, Imogen Clark, Jeanette Tamplin, Joke Bradt
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, and sensory processing, and in emotional disturbances, which can severely reduce a survivor's quality of life. Music interventions have been used in rehabilitation to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. An update of the systematic review published in 2010 was needed to gauge the efficacy of music interventions in rehabilitation for people with ABI...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098728/peripapillary-retinal-nerve-fiber-thickness-changes-after-vitrectomy-for-epiretinal-membrane-in-eyes-with-and-without-vitreous-detachment
#4
Cesare Mariotti, Michele Nicolai, Antonio Longo, Francesca Viti, Elisa Bambini, Andrea Saitta, Vittorio Pirani, Emanuele Orsini, Daniela Baruffa, Michele Reibaldi
PURPOSE: To compare the changes in postoperative peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (p-RNFL) thickness after vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane in eyes with preexisting posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) and eyes with surgically induced PVD. METHODS: This study included consecutive patients who underwent 25-gauge vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane. Eyes were divided, according to intraoperative PVD status, into a preexisting PVD group and surgically induced PVD group...
January 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092314/novel-technique-for-subretinal-fluid-drainage-with-chandelier-assisted-scleral-buckle-surgery-cannula-controlled-drainage
#5
Abdulelah A Al-Abdullah
PURPOSE: To report a novel technique for subretinal fluid drainage in scleral buckle surgery. METHODS: A 26-gauge intravenous cannula with its needle was used to puncture the sclera; then, the needle (metallic part) was withdrawn to further introduce the cannula into the subretinal space. In addition, we describe using the 25-gauge microcannula of the chandelier light to inject the balanced salt solution to help restore the intraocular pressure and push the subretinal fluid through the intravenous cannula under direct visualization...
January 13, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063099/comparative-study-of-25-versus-20-gauge-pars-plana-capsulotomy-and-vitrectomy-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#6
Anju Rastogi, Manisha Mishra, Yashpal Goel, Prolima Thacker, Kamlesh
PURPOSE: To compare 25- and 20-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for the management of pediatric cataract. METHODS: 20 eyes of 15 patients were randomly divided into two groups to undergo pars plana capsulotomy and vitrectomy by either 25-gauge (group A) or 20-gauge (group B) PPV after lens aspiration and IOL implantation. The two groups were compared for total surgical time, time taken in doing pars plana capsulotomy and vitrectomy, and the size of posterior capsulotomy...
January 6, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046364/su-f-p-22-will-the-low-residency-placement-rate-scare-talented-candidates-away-from-our-profession
#7
B Loughery, K Hendrickson, J Burmeister
PURPOSE: The low placement rate (∼25%) of medical physics residency match applicants is well-known to medical physics graduate students, and is beginning to be appreciated by prospective students. We examine this placement rate in detail and its potential impact on future recruitment into our profession based on survey data of both match applicants and program directors. METHODS: To evaluate and validate residency placement rates, we analyzed annual CAMPEP graduate and residency program reports and data from individual graduate program websites...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012619/relationship-of-mammary-gland-health-status-and-other-noninfectious-factors-with-electrical-conductivity-of-milk-in-manchega-ewes
#8
G Romero, A Roca, M Alejandro, R Muelas, J R Díaz
Measuring the electrical conductivity (EC) of milk during milking has been extensively studied in cattle as a low-cost mastitis detection method that can be easily automated. The aim of this work was to study the effect of the health status of the glands and several noninfectious factors (lactation stage, milking session, and lactation number) that affect the use of EC measurement of milk to detect mastitis in dairy sheep livestock. Likewise, we studied the relation between EC and milk composition (macrocomposition and mineral content) and between EC and somatic cell count (SCC)...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005633/twenty-five-gauge-cannula-assisted-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-of-choroidal-melanoma-cytopathological-analysis
#9
Arun D Singh, Hassan A Aziz, David Pelayes, Charles V Biscotti
PURPOSE: To report cytopathological observations on the cells retrieved from the 25-G cannula used during prognostic transvitreal fine-needle aspiration biopsy of choroidal melanoma. METHODS: Transvitreal fine-needle aspiration biopsy of choroidal melanoma was performed through a 25-G valved cannula. Twenty samples from 20 consecutive patients were obtained. Most tumors were treated with plaque radiation therapy (16/20, 80%) following standard clinical guidelines...
December 21, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968915/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-to-predict-response-to-vinorelbine-cisplatin-alone-or-with-rh-endostatin-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-bone-metastases-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
Rui Zhang, Zhi-Yu Wang, Yue-Hua Li, Yao-Hong Lu, Shuai Wang, Wen-Xi Yu, Hui Zhao
BACKGROUND: Metastatic bone disease is a frequent complication of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer and causes skeletal-related events which result in a poor prognosis. A standard method to assess the therapeutic response of bone metastases does not currently exist. We used dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI to obtain quantitative measures to assess the suitability of this technique to gauge therapeutic response to vinorelbine-cisplatin plus rh-endostatinfor previously untreated non-small cell lung cancer with bone metastases...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966834/outcomes-of-scleral-buckling-using-chandelier-endoillumination
#11
Yuntao Hu, Shancheng Si, Ke Xu, Huijin Chen, Liang Han, Xin Wang, Zhizhong Ma
PURPOSE: To report the results and complications of scleral buckling for the treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) using 25-gauge chandelier endoillumination. METHODS: A total of 61 patients (61 eyes) with RRD were treated with scleral buckling. For the sclera buckling procedure, a 25-gauge chandelier was inserted through the pars plana for intra-ocular illumination, and retinal tears were identified and treated with episcleral cryotherapy under surgical microscope...
December 14, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964845/intratympanic-steroid-injection-and-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-sudden-hearing-loss
#12
Filiz Gülüstan, Zahide Mine Yazıcı, Wesam M E Alakhras, Omer Erdur, Harun Acipayam, Levent Kufeciler, Fatma Tulin Kayhan
INTRODUCTION: Controversy surrounds the use of salvage therapies to treat sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL), with no consensus on recommendations. While several studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of intratympanic administration of steroids (ITS) and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment, few have compared the efficacy of ITS and HBO therapy in patients with refractory SSNHL. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficiency of ITS and HBO therapy in patients with refractory SSNHL...
November 22, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959351/fatal-haemorrhage-following-fine-needle-aspiration-of-the-thyroid
#13
M W Strachan, M Dalvi, R Ainsworth, F W Gibb, H Horsfall, D Patel
Fine needle aspiration is routinely performed as part of the assessment of thyroid nodules. It is generally regarded as a very safe procedure, though rarely significant bleeding can occur in its aftermath. A 79-year-old female was referred for assessment of an incidental thyroid nodule which had been identified on computed tomography of the chest and extended into the retrosternal space. The patient was referred for fine needle aspiration under ultrasound guidance. Three passes were made with a 25 gauge needle into the nodule; a haemorrhagic aspirate was obtained and sent for cytological examination...
September 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958471/interference-and-differentiation-of-the-neighboring-surface-microcracks-in-distributed-sensing-with-ppp-botda
#14
Dewei Meng, Farhad Ansari
Detection of cracks while at their early stages of evolution is important in health monitoring of civil structures. Review of technical literature reveals that single or sparsely distributed multiple cracks can be detected by Brillouin-scattering-based optical fiber sensor systems. In a recent study, a pre-pump-pulse Brillouin optical time-domain analysis (PPP-BOTDA) system was employed for detection of a single microcrack. Specific characteristics of the Brillouin gain spectrum, such as Brillouin frequency shift, and Brillouin gain spectrum width, were utilized in order to detect the formation and growth of microcracks with crack opening displacements as small as 25 μm...
December 1, 2016: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933398/ecmo-for-intractable-status-asthmaticus-following-atracurium
#15
Vittorio Scaravilli, Giacomo Grasselli, Annalisa Benini, Michela Bombino, Daniele Ceriani, Uta Emmig, Alberto Zanella, Nicolò Patroniti, Antonio Pesenti
Intraoperative allergic reactions are rare but serious events associated with increased morbidity and mortality. We report the salvage of intraoperative anaphylaxis leading to extreme hypercapnic respiratory failure by veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). A 38-year-old woman undergoing thyroidectomy developed intractable bronchospasm after administration of atracurium, leading to extreme hypercapnic respiratory failure (PaCO2 > 250 mmHg, pH 6.773). After the failure of conventional medical therapy and ventilatory optimization, the patient was connected to a veno-venous ECMO circuit...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911448/inverted-internal-limiting-membrane-flap-technique-as-a-useful-procedure-for-macular-hole-associated-retinal-detachment-in-highly-myopic-eyes
#16
H Sasaki, A Shiono, J Kogo, R Yomoda, Y Munemasa, M Syoda, H Otake, H Kurihara, Y Kitaoka, H Takagi
PurposeTo determine whether the inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap technique contributes to high reattachment and closure rates in patients with macular hole-associated retinal detachment (MHRD).Patients and methodsIn all, 15 eyes of 15 patients with MHRD undergoing 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy with the inverted ILM flap technique or ILM peeling. The patients were divided into the inverted ILM flap technique group (6 eyes) and ILM peeling group (9 eyes). The logarithm of minimal angle of resolution best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and retinal attachment and macular hole closure rates were compared between the two groups before and after surgery...
December 2, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898707/long-term-changes-in-intraocular-pressure-after-vitrectomy-for-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-epi-retinal-membrane-or-macular-hole
#17
Kentaro Yamamoto, Takeshi Iwase, Hiroko Terasaki
PURPOSE: To determine the long-term changes in the intraocular pressure (IOP) following vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD), epiretinal membrane (ERM), and macular hole (MH), and to investigate the relationship between the retinal disease and the incidence of late-onset IOP elevation. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational, comparative study. We reviewed the medical records of 54 eyes of 54 RRD patients, 117 eyes of 117 ERM patients, and 75 eyes of 75 MH patients who underwent 20-, 23- or 25-gauge vitrectomy...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893041/a-comparison-of-the-prevalence-of-dementia-in-the-united-states-in-2000-and-2012
#18
Kenneth M Langa, Eric B Larson, Eileen M Crimmins, Jessica D Faul, Deborah A Levine, Mohammed U Kabeto, David R Weir
Importance: The aging of the US population is expected to lead to a large increase in the number of adults with dementia, but some recent studies in the United States and other high-income countries suggest that the age-specific risk of dementia may have declined over the past 25 years. Clarifying current and future population trends in dementia prevalence and risk has important implications for patients, families, and government programs. Objective: To compare the prevalence of dementia in the United States in 2000 and 2012...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882675/calibration-of-the-tonovet-and-tono-pen-vet-tonometers-in-the-porcine-eye
#19
Andrew C Lewin, Paul E Miller
OBJECTIVE: The pig has an increasingly important role in ocular drug delivery models, but the most accurate tonometer in this species is unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of TonoVet and Tono-Pen Vet tonometers in the ex vivo porcine eye. PROCEDURE: Four freshly enucleated normal porcine eyes were cannulated with two 25-gauge needles; one connected via tubing to a mercury manometer calibrated continuous physiologic recorder and the other connected to a reservoir of lactated Ringer's solution on an adjustable stand...
November 24, 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882018/role-of-bevacizumab-in-the-prevention-of-early-postoperative-haemorrhage-after-25-gauge-microincision-vitrectomy-surgery
#20
Zaheer Sultan, Syed Fawad Rizvi, Faisal Murtaza Qureshi, Syed Asaad Mahmood
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of preoperative intravitreal bevacizumab injection on the incidence of postoperative haemorrhage and visual prognosis, in patients undergoing 25-gauge micro incision vitrectomy surgery (MIVS) for diabetic vitreous haemorrhage. METHODS: One hundred and twenty two eyes of 122 patients of diabetic retinopathy of both genders and aged over 18 years, who presented with non-resolving vitreous haemorrhage were enrolled for this study. All patients received an intravitreal injection of 1...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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