keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

0113

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898194/inflammatory-cell-induced-corrosion-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrieval-study
#1
Arianna Cerquiglini, Johann Henckel, Harry S Hothi, Anna Di Laura, John A Skinner, Alister J Hart
Metal release in patients with joint replacements is associated with local tissue reactions, pain, and ultimately revision of implants. One of the causes of this metal loss is speculated to be due to a mechanism of inflammatory cell-induced corrosion (ICIC). In this knee retrieval study, we aimed to: (1) identify the extent and location of ICI corrosion patterns on our femoral and tibial components and (2) correlate our findings with implant and clinical information. We investigated 28 femoral and 9 tibial components made of polished CoCr for presence of ICIC, using macroscopic and microscopic screening and statistical analyses to identify any significant correlations between our results and clinical information...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708857/risk-stratification-of-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-using-cardiac-iodine-123-metaiodobenzylguanidine-imaging-incremental-prognostic-value-over-right-ventricular-ejection-fraction
#2
Shunsuke Tamaki, Takahisa Yamada, Takashi Morita, Yoshio Furukawa, Yusuke Iwasaki, Masato Kawasaki, Atsushi Kikuchi, Takumi Kondo, Tsutomu Kawai, Satoshi Takahashi, Masashi Ishimi, Hideyuki Hakui, Tatsuhisa Ozaki, Yoshihiro Sato, Masahiro Seo, Yasushi Sakata, Masatake Fukunami
AIMS: Right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction has been shown to be an independent predictor of clinical outcome in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), and cardiac metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) imaging also provides prognostic information. We aimed to evaluate the long-term predictive value of combining RV systolic dysfunction and abnormal findings of cardiac MIBG imaging on outcome in CHF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 63 CHF outpatients with left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) <40% in a prospective cohort study...
December 2015: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690839/preventable-injuries-fatalities-due-to-distracted-driving-a-call-for-a-coordinated-action
#3
Karen Bowman, Robyn D Robertson
In the past decade, distracted driving has emerged as one of the most prominent global road safety concerns. The singular and combined efforts of many organizations, such as Drop It And Drive (DIAD) and the Traffic Injury Research Foundation (TIRF), have identified the need for partnerships, shared information, and access to interpretable research findings to guide decision making and to identify effective strategies to reduce, if not eliminate, preventable injuries/fatalities from distracted driving, including whiplash-associated disorders...
October 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613706/a-joint-application-of-optimal-threshold-based-discrete-cosine-transform-and-ascii-encoding-for-ecg-data-compression-with-its-inherent-encryption
#4
Anukul Pandey, Butta Singh, Barjinder Singh Saini, Neetu Sood
In this paper, a joint use of the discrete cosine transform (DCT), and differential pulse code modulation (DPCM) based quantization is presented for predefined quality controlled electrocardiogram (ECG) data compression. The formulated approach exploits the energy compaction property in transformed domain. The DPCM quantization has been applied to zero-sequence grouped DCT coefficients that were optimally thresholded via Regula-Falsi method. The generated sequence is encoded using Huffman coding. This encoded series is further converted to a valid ASCII code using the standard codebook for transmission purpose...
September 9, 2016: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594893/erratum-to-modified-atkins-diet-in-advanced-malignancies-final-results-of-a-safety-and-feasibility-trial-within-the-veterans-affairs-pittsburgh-healthcare-system
#5
Jocelyn L Tan-Shalaby, Jennifer Carrick, Krystal Edinger, Dana Genovese, Andrew D Liman, Vida A Passero, Rashmikant B Shah
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12986-016-0113-y.].
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573619/development-of-a-model-based-on-biochemical-real%C3%A2-time-tissue-elastography-and-ultrasound-data-for-the-staging-of-liver-fibrosis-and-cirrhosis-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#6
Shi-Hao Xu, Qiao Li, Yuan-Ping Hu, Li Ying
The liver fibrosis index (LFI), based on real‑time tissue elastography (RTE), is a method currently used to assess liver fibrosis. However, this method may not consistently distinguish between the different stages of fibrosis, which limits its accuracy. The aim of the present study was to develop novel models based on biochemical, RTE and ultrasound data for predicting significant liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. A total of 85 consecutive patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) were prospectively enrolled and underwent a liver biopsy and RTE...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571989/17%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-type-gene-1937%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-%C3%A2-g-polymorphism-as-a-risk-factor-for-cervical-cancer-progression-in-the-polish-population
#7
Anna Lutkowska, Andrzej Roszak, Pawel P Jagodziński
The role of 17β-estradiol (E2) in the development of cervical tumor (CT) has been demonstrated. 17β Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (HSD17B1) converts estrone (E1) into E2. We aimed to study the distribution of the HSD17B1937 A > G (rs605059) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in women (n = 383) with CT and controls (n = 401) from the Polish population. The p-trend value evaluated for HSD17B1 rs605059 was 0.0233 for all patients. The A/A vs G/G genotype significantly contributed to all patients with CT, and the Odds Ratio (OR) was 1...
August 29, 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540685/styrax-blocks-inward-and-outward-current-of-kir2-1-channel
#8
Shuxi Ren, Chunli Pang, Junwei Li, Yayue Huang, Suhua Zhang, Yong Zhan, Hailong An
Kir2.1 plays key roles in setting rest membrane potential and modulation of cell excitability. Mutations of Kir2.1, such as D172N or E299V, inducing gain-of-function, can cause type3 short QT syndrome (SQT3) due to the enlarged outward currents. So far, there is no clinical drug target to block the currents of Kir2.1. Here, we identified a novel blocker of Kir2.1, styrax, which is a kind of natural compound selected from traditional Chinese medicine. Our data show that styrax can abolish the inward and outward currents of Kir2...
August 12, 2016: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530140/maternal-therapy-with-ad-vegf-a165-increases-fetal-weight-at-term-in-a-guinea-pig-model-of-fetal-growth-restriction
#9
Anna M Swanson, Carlo A Rossi, Keren Ofir, Vedanta Mehta, Michael Boyd, Hannah Barker, Agata Ledwozyw, Owen Vaughan, John Martin, Ian Zachary, Neil Sebire, Donald M Peebles, Anna L David
In a model of growth-restricted sheep pregnancy, it was previously demonstrated that transient uterine artery VEGF overexpression can improve fetal growth. This approach was tested in guinea-pig pregnancies, where placental physiology is more similar to humans. Fetal growth restriction (FGR) was attained through peri-conceptual nutrient restriction in virgin guinea pigs. Ad.VEGF-A165 or Ad.LacZ (1 × 10(10)vp) was applied at mid-gestation via laparotomy, delivered externally to the uterine circulation with thermosensitive gel...
August 16, 2016: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521871/analysis-of-sensory-processing-in-preterm-infants
#10
Thais Invenção Cabral, Louise Gracelli Pereira da Silva, Cláudia Maria Simões Martinez, Eloisa Tudella
BACKGROUND: Premature birth suggests condition of biological vulnerability, predisposing to neurological injuries, requiring hospitalization in Neonatal Intensive Care Units, which, while contributing to increase the survival rates, expose infants to sensory stimuli harmful to the immature organism. AIMS: To evaluate the sensory processing at 4 and 6months' corrected age. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study with a sample of 30 infants divided into an experimental group composed of preterm infants (n=15), and a control group composed of full-term infants (n=15)...
August 10, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499526/coral-reef-health-response-to-chronic-and-acute-changes-in-water-quality-in-st-thomas-united-states-virgin-islands
#11
Rosmin S Ennis, Marilyn E Brandt, Kristin R Wilson Grimes, Tyler B Smith
It is suspected that land cover alteration on the southern coast of St. Thomas, USVI has increased runoff, degrading nearshore water quality and coral reef health. Chronic and acute changes in water quality, sediment deposition, and coral health metrics were assessed in three zones based upon perceived degree of human influence. Chlorophyll (p<0.0001) and turbidity (p=0.0113) were significantly higher in nearshore zones and in the high impact zone during heavy precipitation. Net sediment deposition and terrigenous content increased in nearshore zones during periods of greater precipitation and port activity...
October 15, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27481746/postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-in-high-risk-patients-undergoing-major-abdominal-surgery
#12
Stefano Romagnoli, Giovanni Zagli, Germana Tuccinardi, Lorenzo Tofani, Cosimo Chelazzi, Gianluca Villa, Fabio Cianchi, Andrea Coratti, Angelo Raffaele De Gaudio, Zaccaria Ricci
PURPOSE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication in high-risk patients undergoing major surgery and is associated with longer hospital stay, increased risk for nosocomial infection and significantly higher costs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study exploring the incidence of AKI (AKIN classification at any stage) in high-risk patients within 48 hours after major abdominal surgery was conducted. Patients' preoperative characteristics, intraoperative management, and outcome were evaluated for associations with AKI using a logistic regression model...
October 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412133/analysis-of-the-body-composition-of-paralympic-athletes-comparison-of-two-methods
#13
Valdir De Aquino Lemos, Eduardo Da Silva Alves, Paulo Adriano Schwingel, João Paulo Pereira Rosa, Andressa Da Silva, Ciro Winckler, Roberto Vital, Alexandre Aparecido De Almeida, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio De Mello
Body composition is a physiological variable associated with physical activity and, in some cases, is related to athletic performance. Our objectives were to describe the body composition of participants in three distinct Paralympic sports and to compare the values of body density and estimated body fat obtained from the Paralympic athletes on the National Team by air-displacement plethysmography (ADP) and by the anthropometric method (skinfolds (SFs)). The sample consisted of 70 volunteers of both genders...
November 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27319562/fall-proof-improving-mobility-and-balance-elizabeth-best-martini-fall-proof-improving-mobility-and-balance-and-kim-a-botenhagen-di-genova-human-kinetics-%C3%A2-24-50-0-73603-687-3-0736036873-debra-rose-human-kinetics-%C3%A2-38-0-73604-088-9-0736040889
#14
(no author information available yet)
A structured balance and mobility-training programme specifically designed to reduce physical frailty and the rising incidence of falls among older people. This practical manual blends theory into practical applications and covers an introduction to the body systems, balance assessments and a discussion of contemporary motor learning principles. Tel: Customer Services 0113 255 5665. Email: hk@hkeurope.com.
September 1, 2003: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27214261/effects-of-hand-rearing-on-reproductive-success-in-captive-large-cats-panthera-tigris-altaica-uncia-uncia-acinonyx-jubatus-and-neofelis-nebulosa
#15
Maja Coulthard Hampson, Christoph Schwitzer
Species Survival Plans and European Endangered Species Programmes have been developed for several species of endangered felids in order to build up captive reserve populations and support their conservation in the wild. The Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica), snow leopard (Uncia uncia), cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) and clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) are managed in such ex situ conservation programmes. Many zoological institutions hand-rear offspring if rearing by the mother fails. Hand-rearing can cause behavioural problems, resulting in decreased copulation and lower breeding success in some species...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136288/imaging-of-tendinopathy-a-physician-s-perspective
#16
Bradley Bley, Waqas Abid
Imaging plays an important role in the clinical evaluation of patients with musculoskeletal-related pain, but its utility for the management of tendinopathy is debatable. Findings on ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging may not correlate with clinical symptoms, and it is not uncommon to find anatomical changes associated with tendinopathy in tendons of asymptomatic individuals. Likewise, patients with clinical symptoms of tendinopathy can present with normal imaging evaluation. The use of diagnostic and interventional ultrasound has significantly increased over the past decade in a bid for better treatments of tendinopathy...
November 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101758/higher-levels-of-serum-lycopene-are-associated-with-reduced-mortality-in-individuals-with-metabolic-syndrome
#17
Guang-Ming Han, Jane L Meza, Ghada A Soliman, K M Monirul Islam, Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway
Metabolic syndrome increases the risk of mortality. Increased oxidative stress and inflammation may play an important role in the high mortality of individuals with metabolic syndrome. Previous studies have suggested that lycopene intake might be related to the reduced oxidative stress and decreased inflammation. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, we examined the hypothesis that lycopene is associated with mortality among individuals with metabolic syndrome. A total of 2499 participants 20 years and older with metabolic syndrome were divided into 3 groups based on their serum concentration of lycopene using the tertile rank method...
May 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075895/effects-of-an-updated-preventive-home-visit-program-based-on-a-systematic-structured-assessment-of-care-needs-for-ambulatory-frail-older-adults-in-japan-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Ayumi Kono, Kyoko Izumi, Noriko Yoshiyuki, Yukiko Kanaya, Laurence Z Rubenstein
BACKGROUND: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the effects on functional parameters of an updated preventive home visit program for frail older adults in the Japanese Long-term Care Insurance (LTCI) system. METHODS: The program included home visits by nurses or care managers every 3 months for 24 months, with a systematic assessment of care needs to prevent functional decline. Eligible participants (N = 360) were randomly assigned to the visit (VG: n = 179) or control group (CG: n = 181)...
April 13, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013576/effectiveness-of-global-postural-re-education-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-neck-pain-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Paolo Pillastrini, Fernanda de Lima E Sá Resende, Federico Banchelli, Anna Burioli, Emanuele Di Ciaccio, Andrew A Guccione, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Carla Vanti
BACKGROUND: Global postural re-education (GPR) has shown positive results for patients with musculoskeletal disorders, but no previous randomized controlled trial (RCT) has investigated its effectiveness as the sole procedure for adult patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain (NP). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of applying GPR compared with a manual therapy (MT) intervention to patients with chronic nonspecific NP. DESIGN: An RCT was conducted...
September 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26926062/factors-triggering-an-additional-resection-and-determining-residual-tumor-volume-on-intraoperative-mri-analysis-from-a-prospective-single-center-registry-of-supratentorial-gliomas
#20
Moritz Scherer, Christine Jungk, Alexander Younsi, Philipp Kickingereder, Simon Müller, Andreas Unterberg
OBJECTIVE: In this analysis, the authors sought to identify variables triggering an additional resection (AR) and determining residual intraoperative tumor volume in 1.5-T intraoperative MRI (iMRI)-guided glioma resections. METHODS: A consecutive case series of 224 supratentorial glioma resections (WHO Grades I-IV) from a prospective iMRI registry (inclusion dates January 2011-April 2013) was examined with univariate and multiple regression models including volumetric data, tumor-related, and surgeon-related factors...
March 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
keyword
keyword
115083
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"