keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lateral hypothalamus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438673/distribution-of-nitric-oxide-synthase-in-the-rock-cavy-kerodon-rupestris-brain-i-the-diencephalon
#1
Maria Emanuela Martins Dos Reis, Lucimário Thiago Félix de Araújo, Wylqui Mikael Gomes de Andrade, Nayra da Silva Resende, Ruthnaldo Rodrigues Melo de Lima, Expedito Silva do Nascimento, Miriam Stela Maris de Oliveira Costa, Judney Cley Cavalcante
Nitric oxide (NO) is a highly soluble and membrane-permeable neurotransmitter, so it does not need to be packed in vesicles or have a membrane receptor. In the nervous system, NO is synthesized by the neuronal form of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) enzyme and has been considered as a local neurotransmitter. NOS distribution is widespread in the nervous system of various vertebrate species, which may explain its participation in many functions such as memory, blood pressure regulation and sexual behavior. Here we used immunohistochemistry against NOS and NADPH diaphorase histochemistry to map the distribution of NO in the diencephalon of the rock cavy (Kerodon rupestris), a rodent endemic to the Brazilian Northeast...
February 10, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432878/longitudinal-associations-between-glucocorticoid-receptor-methylation-and-late-life-depression
#2
Hee-Ju Kang, Kyung-Yeol Bae, Sung-Wan Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Hye-Ran Kim, Myung-Geun Shin, Jin-Sang Yoon, Jae-Min Kim
It has been suggested that hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysregulation plays a role in the etiology of depression. HPA axis function is mediated by glucocorticoid receptors (GRs), which are influenced by epigenetic mechanisms (DNA methylation). The association between the DNA methylation of the GR gene (nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C, member 1; NR3C1) and late-life depression as well as the role of NR3C1 methylation in the prediction of the incidence of depression have not yet been investigated...
February 9, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431649/sleep-deprivation-distinctly-alters-glutamate-transporter-1-apposition-and-excitatory-transmission-to-orexin-and-mch-neurons
#3
Chantalle Briggs, Michiru Hirasawa, Kazue Semba
Glutamate transporter 1 (GLT1) is the main astrocytic transporter that shapes glutamatergic transmission in the brain. However, whether this transporter modulates sleep/wake regulatory neurons is unknown. Using quantitative immunohistochemical analysis, we assessed perisomatic GLT1 apposition with sleep/wake neurons in the male rat following 6-h sleep deprivation (SD) or following 6-h undisturbed conditions when animals were mostly asleep (Rest). We found that SD decreased perisomatic GLT1 apposition with wake-promoting orexin (ORX) neurons in the lateral hypothalamus (LH) compared to Rest...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423437/fast-and-slow-oscillations-recruit-molecularly-distinct-subnetworks-of-lateral-hypothalamic-neurons-in-situ
#4
Christin Kosse, Denis Burdakov
Electrical signals generated by molecularly-distinct classes of lateral hypothalamus (LH) neurons have distinct physiological consequences. For example, LH orexin neurons promote net body energy expenditure, while LH non-orexin neurons [VGAT, melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH)] drive net energy conservation. Appropriate switching between such physiologically-opposing LH outputs is traditionally thought to require cell-type-specific chemical modulation of LH firing. However, it was recently found that, in vivo, the LH neurons are also physiologically exposed to electrical oscillations of different frequency bands...
January 2018: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421337/role-of-d1-and-d2-like-dopaminergic-receptors-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-in-modulation-of-formalin-induced-orofacial-pain-involvement-of-lateral-hypothalamus
#5
Iman Shafiei, Mahsaneh Vatankhah, Leila Zarepour, Somayeh Ezzatpanah, Abbas Haghparast
The role of dopaminergic system in modulation of formalin-induced orofacial nociception has been established. The present study aims to investigate the role of dopaminergic receptors in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) in modulation of nociceptive responses induced by formalin injection in the orofacial region. One hundred and six male Wistar rats were unilaterally implanted with two cannulae into the lateral hypothalamus (LH) and NAc. Intra-LH microinjection of carbachol, a cholinergic receptor agonist, was done 5min after intra-accumbal administration of different doses of SCH23390 (D1-like receptor antagonist) or sulpiride (D2-like receptor antagonist)...
January 29, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409952/adenosine-has-two-faces-regionally-dichotomous-adenosine-tone-in-a-model-of-epilepsy-with-comorbid-sleep-disorders
#6
Ted J Warren, Timothy A Simeone, D David Smith, Ryan Grove, Jiri Adamec, Kaeli K Samson, Harrison M Roundtree, Deepak Madhavan, Kristina A Simeone
OBJECTIVE: Adenosine participates in maintaining the excitatory/inhibitory balance in neuronal circuits. Studies indicate that adenosine levels in the cortex and hippocampus increase and exert sleep pressure in sleep-deprived and control animals, whereas in epilepsy reduced adenosine tone promotes hyperexcitability. To date, the role of adenosine in pathological conditions that result in both seizures and sleep disorders is unknown. Here, we determined adenosine tone in sleep and seizure regulating brain regions of Kv1...
January 30, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403354/hypothalamic-alterations-in-neurodegenerative-diseases-and-their-relation-to-abnormal-energy-metabolism
#7
REVIEW
Pauline Vercruysse, Didier Vieau, David Blum, Åsa Petersén, Luc Dupuis
Neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) are disorders characterized by progressive deterioration of brain structure and function. Selective neuronal populations are affected leading to symptoms which are prominently motor in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or Huntington's disease (HD), or cognitive in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and fronto-temporal dementia (FTD). Besides the common existence of neuronal loss, NDDs are also associated with metabolic changes such as weight gain, weight loss, loss of fat mass, as well as with altered feeding behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398361/hypothalamic-circuits-for-predation-and-evasion
#8
Yi Li, Jiawei Zeng, Juen Zhang, Chenyu Yue, Weixin Zhong, Zhixiang Liu, Qiru Feng, Minmin Luo
The interactions between predator and prey represent some of the most dramatic events in nature and constitute a matter of life and death for both sides. The hypothalamus has been implicated in driving predation and evasion; however, the exact hypothalamic neural circuits underlying these behaviors remain poorly defined. Here, we demonstrate that inhibitory and excitatory projections from the mouse lateral hypothalamus (LH) to the periaqueductal gray (PAG) in the midbrain drive, respectively, predation and evasion...
January 29, 2018: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396547/three-dimensional-imaging-of-kndy-neurons-in-the-mammalian-brain-using-optical-tissue-clearing-and-multiple-label-immunocytochemistry
#9
Aleisha M Moore, Kathryn A Lucas, Robert L Goodman, Lique M Coolen, Michael N Lehman
Kisspeptin/Neurokinin B/Dynorphin (KNDy) neurons of the arcuate nucleus (ARC) play a key role in the regulation of fertility. The ability to detect features of KNDy neurons that are essential for fertility may require three-dimensional (3D) imaging of the complete population. Recently developed protocols for optical tissue clearing permits 3D imaging of neuronal populations in un-sectioned brains. However, these techniques have largely been described in the mouse brain. We report 3D imaging of the KNDy cell population in the whole rat brain and sheep hypothalamus using immunolabelling and modification of a solvent-based clearing protocol, iDISCO...
February 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394426/history-of-music-therapy-and-its-contemporary-applications-in-cardiovascular-diseases
#10
Maria Rosa Montinari, Simona Giardina, Pierluca Minelli, Sergio Minelli
Contrary to what is commonly believed, music therapy is an old cure, the use of which is lost in the mists of time. Music always has been perceived to have particular healing powers, and the entire history of civilization contains aspects that link music to physical and mental healing. It seems that the adoption of music for therapeutic purposes harks back to a distant past, probably since the Paleolithic period: it was believed that listening to music could affect the behavior of human beings. In later centuries, the concept of "musical organ-tropism" was born and developed, because according to the type of music, one may affect the cardiovascular, respiratory, and neuroendocrine systems...
February 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386366/evolutionary-conserved-neural-signature-of-early-life-stress-affects-animal-social-competence
#11
Cecilia Nyman, Stefan Fischer, Nadia Aubin-Horth, Barbara Taborsky
In vertebrates, the early social environment can persistently influence behaviour and social competence later in life. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying variation in animal social competence are largely unknown. In rats, high-quality maternal care causes an upregulation of hippocampal glucocorticoid receptors (gr) and reduces offspring stress responsiveness. This identifies gr regulation as a candidate mechanism for maintaining variation in animal social competence. We tested this hypothesis in a highly social cichlid fish, Neolamprologus pulcher, reared with or without caring parents...
January 31, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369967/lateralized-kappa-opioid-receptor-signaling-from-the-amygdala-central-nucleus-promotes-stress-induced-functional-pain
#12
Kelsey M Nation, Milena DeFelice, Pablo I Hernandez, David W Dodick, Volker Neugebauer, Edita Navratilova, Frank Porreca
The diffuse noxious inhibitory controls (DNIC) response is often decreased, or lost, in stress-related functional pain syndromes. As the dynorphin/kappa opioid receptor (KOR) pathway is activated by stress, we determined its role in DNIC using a model of stress-induced functional pain. Male, Sprague Dawley rats were primed for 7 days with systemic morphine resulting in opioid-induced hyperalgesia. Fourteen days after priming, when hyperalgesia was resolved, rats were exposed to environmental stress and DNIC was evaluated by measuring hindpaw response threshold to noxious pressure (test stimulus) following capsaicin injection in the forepaw (conditioning stimulus)...
January 23, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359277/response-of-cerebral-blood-flow-and-blood-pressure-to-dynamic-exercise-a-study-using-pet
#13
Mikio Hiura, Tadashi Nariai, Muneyuki Sakata, Akitaka Muta, Kenji Ishibashi, Kei Wagatsuma, Tetsuro Tago, Jun Toyohara, Kenji Ishii, Taketoshi Maehara
Dynamic exercise elicits fluctuations in blood pressure (BP) and cerebral blood flow (CBF). This study investigated responses in BP and CBF during cycling exercise and post-exercise hypotension (PEH) using positron emission tomography (PET). CBF was measured using oxygen-15-labeled water (H215O) and PET in 11 human subjects at rest (Rest), at the onset of exercise (Ex1), later in the exercise (Ex2), and during PEH. Global CBF significantly increased by 13% at Ex1 compared with Rest, but was unchanged at Ex2 and during PEH...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335480/novel-analgesic-effects-of-melanin-concentrating-hormone-on-persistent-neuropathic-and-inflammatory-pain-in-mice
#14
Jae-Hwan Jang, Ji-Yeun Park, Ju-Young Oh, Sun-Jeong Bae, Hyunchul Jang, Songhee Jeon, Jongpil Kim, Hi-Joon Park
The melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a peptidergic neuromodulator synthesized by neurons in the lateral hypothalamus and zona incerta. MCHergic neurons project throughout the central nervous system, indicating the involvements of many physiological functions, but the role in pain has yet to be determined. In this study, we found that pMCH-/- mice showed lower baseline pain thresholds to mechanical and thermal stimuli than did pMCH+/+ mice, and the time to reach the maximum hyperalgesic response was also significantly earlier in both inflammatory and neuropathic pain...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329911/mrna-expression-and-metabolic-regulation-of-npy-and-agrp1-2-in-the-zebrafish-brain
#15
Inyoung Jeong, Eunmi Kim, Suhyun Kim, Hwan-Ki Kim, Dong-Won Lee, Jae Young Seong, Hae-Chul Park
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is an evolutionarily conserved neuropeptide implicated in feeding regulation in vertebrates. In mammals, NPY neurons coexpress Agouti-related protein (AgRP) in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus, and NPY/AgRP neurons activate orexigenic signaling to increase food intake. Zebrafish express npy and two agrp genes, agrp1 and agrp2, in the brain. Similar to mammals, NPY and AgRP1 act as orexigenic factors in zebrafish, but the exact distribution of NPY and AgRP neurons in the zebrafish brain and the regulation of these genes by metabolic states remain unclear...
January 9, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329908/anatomical-evidence-for-lateral-hypothalamic-innervation-of-the-pontine-a7-catecholamine-cell-group-in-rat
#16
Janean E Holden, Monica A Wagner, Brady L Reeves
Substantial behavioral evidence exists to support the idea that the lateral hypothalamus (LH) makes axonal connection with spinally-projecting noradrenergic neurons of the A7 catecholamine cell group in the pons. Through this putative projection, the LH modulates nociception via α1- and α2-adrenoceptors in the dorsal horn. We used double-label immunocytochemistry to demonstrate that axons from the LH labeled with the anterograde tracer biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) appose tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive (TH-ir) neuron profiles in the A7 area...
January 9, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316846/acute-stress-evokes-sexually-dimorphic-stressor-specific-patterns-of-neural-activation-across-multiple-limbic-brain-regions-in-adult-rats
#17
Ankit Sood, Karina Chaudhari, Vidita A Vaidya
Stress enhances the risk for psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. Stress responses vary across sex and may underlie the heightened vulnerability to psychopathology in females. Here, we examined the influence of acute immobilization stress (AIS) and a two-day short-term forced swim stress (FS) on neural activation in multiple cortical and subcortical brain regions, implicated as targets of stress and in the regulation of neuroendocrine stress responses, in male and female rats using Fos as a neural activity marker...
January 10, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315422/dietary-therapy-restores-glutamatergic-input-to-orexin-hypocretin-neurons-after-traumatic-brain-injury-in-mice
#18
Jonathan E Elliott, Samuel E De Luche, Madeline J Churchill, Cindy Moore, Akiva S Cohen, Charles K Meshul, Miranda M Lim
Study Objectives: In previous work, dietary branched chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation, precursors to de novo glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) synthesis, restored impaired sleep-wake regulation and orexin neuronal activity post-traumatic brain injury (TBI) in mice. TBI was speculated to reduce orexin neuronal activity through decreased regional excitatory (glutamate) and/or increased inhibitory (GABA) input. Therefore, we hypothesized TBI would decrease synaptic glutamate and/or increase synaptic GABA in nerve terminals contacting orexin neurons, and BCAA supplementation would restore TBI-induced changes in synaptic glutamate and/or GABA...
January 5, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311142/regulation-of-lateral-hypothalamic-orexin-activity-by-local-gabaergic-neurons
#19
Loris L Ferrari, Daniel Park, Lin Zhu, Matthew R Palmer, Rebecca Y Broadhurst, Elda Arrigoni
Orexin (also known as hypocretin) neurons are considered a key component of the ascending arousal system. They are active during wakefulness, at which time they drive and maintain arousal, and are silent during sleep. Their activity is controlled by long-range inputs from many sources, as well as by more short-range inputs, including from presumptive GABAergic neurons in the lateral hypothalamus/perifornical region (LH/PF). To characterize local GABAergic input to orexin neurons we employed channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2)-assisted-circuit-mapping in brain slices...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310485/enhanced-innate-fear-and-altered-stress-axis-regulation-in-vglut3-knockout-mice
#20
Diána Balázsfi, Anna Fodor, Bibiána Török, Szilamér Ferenczi, Krisztina J Kovács, József Haller, Dóra Zelena
Glutamatergic neurons, characterized by vesicular glutamate transporters (VGluT1-3) provide the main excitation in the brain. Their disturbances have been linked to various brain disorders, which could be also modeled by the contextual fear test in rodents. We aimed to characterize the participation of VGluT3 in the development of contextual fear through its contribution to hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis (HPA) regulation using knockout (KO) mice. Contextual fear conditioning was induced by foot shock and mice were examined 1 and 7 d later in the same environment comparing wild type with KO...
January 8, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
keyword
keyword
115071
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"