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Pilar Riobó Serván, Roberto Sierra Poyatos, Judith Soldo Rodríguez, Carmen Gómez-Candela, Pedro Pablo García Luna, Lluis Serra-Majem
The elderly population is increasing and it is well documented that may present some health problems related to nutritional intake. Both mental and physical impairments in the elderly may need specific adaptations to dietary assessment methods. But all self-report approaches include systematic and random errors, and under-reporting of dietary energy intake is common. Biomarkers of protein intake, as 24 hours urinary Nitrogen, may not be useful in elderly patients because of incontinence problems. Some micronutrients, like vitamin B12, have special importance in the elderly population...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Juliana Amâncio, Gisele Scuro, Fernanda Martins Gazoni, Hélio Penna Guimarães, Letícia Sandre Vendrame, Renato Delascio Lopes, Antônio Carlos Lopes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hyperleukocytosis (> 100 x 10(9)/L) is an uncommon presentation of chronic leukemias and it can present clinical symptoms of hyperviscosity syndrome. Hearing loss and blindness rarely occurs in patients with leukemia; however, it can be strong association with hyper-viscosity syndrome. The purpose of this paper is to report a case of acute hearing loss as the initial manifestation of acute leukemia and hyper-viscosity syndrome and also mainly aspects of the intensive care treatment...
March 2008: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
I M Makeeva, V Iu Doroshina, M G Arakelian
There are a number of reasons that lead to inadequate salivation or complete cessation of salivation. Among others, one of the main can be systemic diseases like Sjögren's syndrome, and the use of medication and radiation therapy. When affected by Xerostomia, oral mucosa requires constant moisturizing. Medicaments stimulating saliva secretion and moisturizers for oral mucosa alleviate symptoms in most of the cases. LABORATORIOS KIN S.A. is a Spanish company offering a mouth moisturizing products' line, among others, KIN HIDRAT toothpaste and KIN HIDRAT spray with a formulation close to natural saliva...
2013: Stomatologii︠a︡
E Collazo Chao, E Girela
Conditions that pose ethical problems related to nutrition and hydration are very common nowdays, particularly within Hospitals among terminally ill patients and other patients who require nutrition and hydration. In this article we intend to analyze some circumstances, according to widely accepted ethical values, in order to outline a clear action model to help clinicians in making such difficult decisions. The problematic situations analyzed include: should hydration and nutrition be considered basic care or therapeutic measures?, and the ethical aspects of enteral versus parenteral nutrition...
November 2011: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
M E Calderón Reyes, F Ibarra Ramírez, J García, C Gómez Alonso, A R Rodríguez-Orozco
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The nutritional state assessment have important implications to consider both: prognosis and prevention of diseases related to older adults. This study was designed to compare the assessment of the nutritional state, in alder adults, via Mini Nutritional Assessment with those obtained via evaluation of caloric ingest and anthropometric, biochemical and immunological parameters at family medicine centers. POPULATION AND METHODS: The nutritional status was assessed in 153 older adults, 93 men and 64 women, whose received medical attention at a primary care unit, the age average was 69...
July 2010: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Joaquín Ulises Juan Escudero, Emilio López Alcina, Felipe Ordoño Domínguez, Milagros Fabuel Deltoro, Francisco Serrano de la Cruz Torrijos, Ana Montoliu García, Francisco Ramada Benlloch, Emilio Marqués Vidal
OBJECTIVES: Therapy with protease inhibitors is commonly used in patients infected by human inmunodeficency virus (HIV). 20% of the administered dose is excreted by the kidney, and when alkaline urine is present, indinavir may crystallize forming stones and patients may experience renal colic due to this fact. METHODS: Between January 1998 and June 2005, 26 patients receiving antiretroviral treatment with protease inhibitors received care at our hospital because of renal colic or flank pain...
January 2008: Archivos Españoles de Urología
V Pino Rivero, C G Pantoja Hernández, A González Palomino, G Trinidad Ruíz, M Marcos García, M Guerra Camacho, A Blasco Huelva
We report the clinic and microbiological findings that were obtained in 10 adult patients admitted by our ENT Service with diagnosis of suppurative bacterial acute parotitis. S. aureus and Streptococcus sp were the most isolated organisms. All the patients were treated by hidratation, endovenous antibiotic therapy sometimes modified according to the antibiogram results, analgesics and antiinflammatories with success. In 3 times it was necessary to drain the purulent collection and in one of them there was a retroauricular abscess secondary to sialoadenitis...
2006: Anales Otorrinolaringológicos Ibero-americanos
S L Amantéa, F A Silva
OBJECTIVES: The authors review the current literature on acute viral bronchiolitis discussing the points still subject to controversy in regard to its treatment. At the same time, a personal point of view on the management of this disorder based on the authorś experience is also expressed.METHODS: The main published papers from the last twenty years were selected from a Medline database search.RESULTS: Acute viral bronchiolitis is an acute viral illness of the lower respiratory tract occuring most frequently during the first year of life...
July 1998: Jornal de Pediatria
J T de Araújo, L K Comerlatti, R A de Araújo, L Bodemeier
It was observed "in vitro" that dipirone improves hemoglobin S solubility, and that corticosteroids by antiinflammatory action relieve pain in sickle cell anemia crises. In the period between 1983 and 1988, 116 patients with sickle cell anemia having painful crises were studied. All patients were hydrated with DW (5% normal Serum Sodium/NSS) 1:1, in a total volume of 2250 ml/square meters (sgm) day. Patients were distributed as follows: Group 1: 26 patients treated with an association of dipirone and hidrocortisone; Group 2: 21 patients treated with hidrocortisone only; Group 3: 22 patients treated with dipirone only; Group 4: 23 patients treated only with hidration; Group 5: 24 patients treated only with DW 50%...
January 1994: Revista do Hospital Das Clínicas
W Azabache, L Johanson
An experimental study of 20 patients with appendicitis was carried out in order to know if after the appendectomy they tolerate the hidratation with rehidratant salts by mouth in place of endovenous hydratation. The oral hydratation was indicated in all the cases immediately after the operation and only was one failure (5%). In the 95% the oral hydratation was tolerated, 45% without gastric symptoms, 35% with mild gastric symptoms and in 15% with moderate gastric symptoms. The association of gentamycin-metronidazol administered by intramuscular and oral way respectively was used in 100% of the patients...
1989: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
F J Alliende-González, F G Antillon-Klüssmann, L Sierrasesúmaga-Ariznabarreta, I Villa-Elizaga
Since May of 1983 to December of 1988, 62 subcutaneous venous reservoires were implanted in 57 pediatric patients; 29 were boys and the remaining 28 were girls between the ages of 2 and 18 years. Fifty-one patients had malignant illnesses and seven other pathologies. The reservoir was used for the endovenous administration of cytotoxic chemotherapy and antibiotics, hidration, nutrition, the transfusion of blood product and the extraction of samples for laboratory tests. In our experience the most important complication was the infection of the system, on the average 0...
August 1990: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
E M de Abreu
The author studied histologically, the healing process after dental extraction in rats which sockets were filled with fragments of microcrystalline collagen. Thirty six rats (Rattus Novergicus, albinus, Wistar), young, male, weighting from 90 to 110 g and separated into two groups, control and experimental, of eighteen animal each. All animals were anaesthetized with 10% cloral hidrate, 3 ml/Kg body weight and the right maxillary incisors were extracted. In control animal the sockets were sutured after clot filling, and the experimental sockets were sutured after filling with microcrystalline collagen...
May 1990: Revista Portuguesa de Estomatologia e Cirurgia Maxilo-facial
T de Fino, M Ramonet, H Toccalino
Circulating antibodies to cow's milk protein were investigated in 35 normally nourished infants aged 2 to 11 months. Nine were healthy (control group), and the remaining 26 were convalescents from acute diarrhoea. At the time of assay they were normally hidrated and being fed diluted cow's milk. The results showed elevated hemagglutinating antibody titers in the group of children with diarrhoea, statistically different to the control (p less than 0.001). The existence of an enhanced absorption of non degraded milk protein during the disease is assumed...
January 1979: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
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