keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Encephalitis and rash

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924792/a-cost-effective-approach-to-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-acute-infectious-encephalitis
#1
Usha Kant Misra, Vinita Elizabeth Mani, Jayantee Kalita
SETTING: A tertiary care teaching hospital in India. OBJECTIVE: To report a syndromic approach to acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) and propose a cost-effective model. STUDY DESIGN: AES patients were categorized by the presence or absence of myalgia/rash into systemic and neurological AES. The patients with systemic AES were investigated for dengue, scrub typhus, leptospira, chikungunya, and malaria, and those with neurological AES were investigated for herpes and Japanese encephalitis (JE)...
December 8, 2016: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901259/neurological-manifestations-of-chikungunya-and-zika-infections
#2
Talys J Pinheiro, Luis F Guimarães, Marcus Tulius T Silva, Cristiane N Soares
The epidemics of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and Zika virus (ZIKV) infections have been considered the most important epidemiological occurrences in the Americas. The clinical picture of CHIKV infection is characterized by high fever, exanthema, myalgia, headaches, and arthralgia. Besides the typical clinical picture of CHIKV, atypical manifestations of neurological complications have been reported: meningo-encephalitis, meningoencephalo-myeloradiculitis, myeloradiculitis, myelitis, myeloneuropathy, Guillain-Barré syndrome and others...
November 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870688/clinical-aspects-of-zika-virus
#3
Elysse N Grossi-Soyster, A Desiree LaBeaud
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that has caused a sudden and explosive outbreak in South America and the Caribbean in the last year, and has been declared a public health emergency by the WHO. As ZIKV afflicts previously naive populations, more severe clinical presentations and sequelae have been observed. A specific emphasis has been placed on the neurological effects in infants resulting from viral exposure in utero. RECENT FINDINGS: Acute onset of ZIKV disease is seen in approximately 20% of cases, whereas most individuals (80%) exposed are asymptomatic...
November 18, 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826325/enterovirus-71-infection-and-neurological-complications
#4
REVIEW
Kyung Yeon Lee
Since the outbreak of the enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection in Malaysia in 1997, large epidemics of EV71 have occurred in the Asia-Pacific region. Many children and infants have died from serious neurological complications during these epidemics, and EV71 infection has become a serious public health problem in these areas. EV71 infection causes hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in children, and usually resolves spontaneously. However, EV71 occasionally involves the central nervous system (CNS), and induces diverse neurological complications such as brainstem encephalitis, aseptic meningitis, and acute flaccid paralysis...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759344/expanded-dengue
#5
REVIEW
D B Kadam, Sonali Salvi, Ajay Chandanwale
The World Health Organization (WHO) has coined the term expanded dengue to describe cases which do not fall into either dengue shock syndrome or dengue hemorrhagic fever. This has incorporated several atypical findings of dengue. Dengue virus has not been enlisted as a common etiological agent in several conditions like encephalitis, Guillain Barre syndrome. Moreover it is a great mimic of co-existing epidemics like Malaria, Chikungunya and Zika virus disease, which are also mosquito-borne diseases. The atypical manifestations noted in dengue can be mutisystemic and multifacetal...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748148/focal-herpes-zoster-encephalitis-without-a-rash-diagnostic-confusion-between-astrogliosis-and-low-grade-glioma
#6
Geoffrey C Halling, Charles Grose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697585/human-herpesvirus-6-infection-following-haploidentical-transplantation-immune-recovery-and-outcome
#7
Raffaella Greco, Lara Crucitti, Maddalena Noviello, Sara Racca, Daniele Mannina, Alessandra Forcina, Francesca Lorentino, Veronica Valtolina, Serena Rolla, Roee Dvir, Mara Morelli, Fabio Giglio, Maria Chiara Barbanti, Maria Teresa Lupo Stanghellini, Chiara Oltolini, Luca Vago, Paolo Scarpellini, Andrea Assanelli, Matteo G Carrabba, Sarah Marktel, Massimo Bernardi, Consuelo Corti, Massimo Clementi, Jacopo Peccatori, Chiara Bonini, Fabio Ciceri
Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is increasingly recognized as a potentially life-threatening pathogen in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). We retrospectively evaluated 54 adult patients who developed positivity to HHV-6 after alloSCT. The median time from alloSCT to HHV-6 reactivation was 34 days. HHV-6 was present in plasma samples from 31 patients, in bone marrow (BM) of 9 patients, in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and liver or gut biopsy specimens from 33 patients, and in cerebrospinal fluid of 7 patients...
September 30, 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642148/-tick-borne-encephalitis-in-a-child-in-a-nonendemic-country-a-case-report
#8
M Levy, M-T Abi-Warde, A-C Rameau, S Fafi-Kremer, Y Hansmann, M Fischbach, L Higel
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is an arbovirus induced by tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) transmitted by tick bite. The disease is rare in France (two to three cases per year) but endemic zones extend from Western Europe to the east coast of Asia (10,000-15,000 cases per year). An 8-year-old boy was admitted to our pediatric ward in Strasbourg (France) for febrile headache with diplopia. Four days after a tick bite, he declared a febrile headache together with maculopapular rash on the elbows, knees, and cheeks...
October 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601225/identification-of-12-cases-of-acute-measles-encephalitis-without-rash
#9
Sai-Zhen Zeng, Bing Zhang, Yan Zhang, Le-Yun Xie, Jie Xiong, Tian Yu, Zhi-Ping Xie, Han-Chun Gao, Zhao-Jun Duan
Twelve cases of acute measles encephalitis without rash were identified from October 2011 to July 2013 in Changsha city, China; 5 were found to be genotype H1 and 2 were B3. Our data suggest that screening for measles virus is necessary in children with viral encephalitis, to eliminate the disease.
September 6, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500084/neonatal-encephalitis-due-to-chikungunya-vertical-transmission-first-report-in-brazil
#10
Antonio Carlos Bandeira, Gubio Soares Campos, Silvia Ines Sardi, Veronica França Diniz Rocha, Guilherme Cesar Mendes Rocha
PURPOSE: To report the first case of Chikungunya encephalitis acquired in the perinatal period during the current outbreak in Brazil. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A male neonate with 3500 g developed macular erythematous rash, hypoactivity and fever progressing to generalized seizures. His mother had experienced a disseminated rash and fever before delivery. EEG showed diffuse slowing and cranial NMR was suggestive of encephalitis. Rt-PCR for Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) was positive in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), blood, urine and saliva...
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411684/measles
#11
Paul A Rota, William J Moss, Makoto Takeda, Rik L de Swart, Kimberly M Thompson, James L Goodson
Measles is an infectious disease in humans caused by the measles virus (MeV). Before the introduction of an effective measles vaccine, virtually everyone experienced measles during childhood. Symptoms of measles include fever and maculopapular skin rash accompanied by cough, coryza and/or conjunctivitis. MeV causes immunosuppression, and severe sequelae of measles include pneumonia, gastroenteritis, blindness, measles inclusion body encephalitis and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. Case confirmation depends on clinical presentation and results of laboratory tests, including the detection of anti-MeV IgM antibodies and/or viral RNA...
2016: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406374/hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-hfmd-emerging-epidemiology-and-the-need-for-a-vaccine-strategy
#12
REVIEW
S Aswathyraj, G Arunkumar, E K Alidjinou, D Hober
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a contagious viral disease and mainly affects infants and young children. The main manifestations are fever, vesicular rashes on hand, feet and buttocks and ulcers in the oral mucosa. Usually, HFMD is self-limiting, but a small proportion of children may experience severe complications such as meningitis, encephalitis, acute flaccid paralysis and neurorespiratory syndrome. Historically, outbreaks of HFMD were mainly caused by two enteroviruses: the coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) and the enterovirus 71 (EV-A71)...
October 2016: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387412/alphavirus-protease-inhibitors-from-natural-sources-a-homology-modeling-and-molecular-docking-investigation
#13
Kendall G Byler, Jasmine T Collins, Ifedayo Victor Ogungbe, William N Setzer
Alphaviruses such as Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), O'Nyong-Nyong virus (ONNV), Ross River virus (RRV), Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV), Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV), and Western equine encephalitis virus (WEEV), are mosquito-transmitted viruses that can cause fevers, rash, and rheumatic diseases (CHIKV, ONNV, RRV) or potentially fatal encephalitis (EEEV, VEEV, WEEV) in humans. These diseases are considered neglected tropical diseases for which there are no current antiviral therapies or vaccines available...
June 21, 2016: Computational Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385036/-seroprevalence-of-human-parvovirus-b19-in-children-with-fever-and-rash-in-the-north-of-tunisia
#14
A Bouafsoun, N Hannachi, H Smaoui, S H Boubaker, K Kazdaghli, D Laabidi, J Boukadida, A Kechrid
The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of specific antibodies anti-human parvovirus B19 (PVB19) immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgG in children with fever and rash. This study involved 257 children aged from 7 months to 15 years with febrile rash unrelated to measles and rubella (seronegative for IgM). The sera were examined by immunoenzymatic assay. Detection of antibodies of PVB19 was done by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Elisa). In our study, prevalence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM were 44 and 11...
August 2016: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27317379/varicella-zoster-virus-vzv-dna-in-serum-of-patients-with-vzv-central-nervous-system-infections
#15
Anna Grahn, Tomas Bergström, Jim Runesson, Marie Studahl
OBJECTIVES: Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is a common viral agent causing central nervous system (CNS) infections, normally diagnosed by detection of VZV DNA in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Our aim was to investigate trends in VZV DNAemia in VZV CNS infections, which could potentially contribute to diagnosis and secondly, correlate the amount of VZV DNA in serum to severity of disease. METHODS: Seventy-two patients with VZV CNS infections diagnosed by detection of VZV DNA in CSF and concomitant neurological symptoms were included...
September 2016: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292600/varicella-zoster-virus-encephalitis-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-without-a-rash
#16
Candice D Jordan, Frederick Korley, Bachar Hamade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230114/clinically-mild-encephalitis-encephalopathy-with-a-reversible-splenial-lesion-associated-with-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection
#17
Zhe-Feng Yuan, Jue Shen, Shan-Shan Mao, Yong-Lin Yu, Lu Xu, Pei-Fang Jiang, Feng Gao, Zhe-Zhi Xia
BACKGROUND: Clinically mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) is a clinico-radiological syndrome characterized by transient mild symptoms of encephalopathy and a reversible lesion in the splenium of the corpus callosum on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is often triggered by infection. The common pathogens of MERS are viruses, especially influenza virus. However, Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M.pneumoniae) are relatively rare pathogens for MERS. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report two paediatric cases of M...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215229/effector-regulatory-t-cells-reflect-the-equilibrium-between-antitumor-immunity-and-autoimmunity-in-adult-t-cell-leukemia
#18
Hiroshi Ureshino, Takero Shindo, Hiroyoshi Nishikawa, Nobukazu Watanabe, Eri Watanabe, Natsuko Satoh, Kazutaka Kitaura, Hiroaki Kitamura, Kazuko Doi, Kotaro Nagase, Hiromi Kimura, Makoto Samukawa, Susumu Kusunoki, Masaharu Miyahara, Tadasu Shin-I, Ryuji Suzuki, Shimon Sakaguchi, Shinya Kimura
The regulatory T cells (Treg) with the most potent immunosuppressive activity are the effector Tregs (eTreg) with a CD45RA(-)Foxp3(++)CCR4(+) phenotype. Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) cells often share the Treg phenotype and also express CCR4. Although mogamulizumab, a monoclonal antibody to CCR4, shows marked antitumor effects against ATL and peripheral T-cell lymphoma, concerns have been raised that it may induce severe autoimmune immunopathology by depleting eTregs. Here, we present case reports for two patients with ATL who responded to mogamulizumab but developed a severe skin rash and autoimmune brainstem encephalitis...
August 2016: Cancer Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27181555/autoimmune-limbic-encephalitis-and-syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-secretion-associated-with-lamotrigine-induced-drug-rash-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-dress-syndrome
#19
Lale Ozisik, Mine Durusu Tanriover, Esen Saka
Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a severe drug hypersensitivity reaction characterized by rash, fever and multi-organ failure. Limbic encephalitis (LE) is a rare disorder characterized by cognitive dysfunction with memory disturbance, seizures and psychiatric symptoms. We herein present an unusual case of DRESS syndrome due to lamotrigine with reactivation of Epstein-Barr virus, which developed autoimmune LE and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion. Discontinuation of lamotrigine, administration of methylprednisolone and intravenous immunoglobulin led to improvement...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168928/acute-measles-encephalitis-in-an-immigrant-syrian-child-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Abdullah Al-Qayoudhi, Hanan Al-Kindi, Nabil Meki, Amal Al-Maani
The introduction of measles vaccination programs and broad coverage worldwide has meant this infection a rare encounter for pediatricians. In Oman, with almost 100% measles vaccination coverage for children, this infection disappeared from the list of fever and rash differential diagnoses. Encephalitis is a well-known complication of measles infection and sometimes can be the only manifestation especially in adults. We report a seven-year-old Syrian immigrant who was admitted to the Royal Hospital, Muscat, with acute encephalitis secondary to wild measles infection...
March 2016: Oman Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
11506
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"