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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937068/knowledge-of-acute-kidney-injury-among-nurses-in-two-government-hospitals-in-ondo-city-southwest-nigeria
#1
Oluseyi A Adejumo, Ayodeji A Akinbodewa, Oladimeji E Alli, Olufemi B Pirisola, Olatunji S Abolarin
Adequate knowledge of acute kidney injury (AKI) among all health-care providers is essential for early diagnosis and management to reduce the associated burden. This study determined the knowledge of AKI among nurses in two government hospitals in Ondo City, Southwest Nigeria. This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in two government hospitals in Ondo City using a self-administered pretested questionnaire that assessed knowledge of AKI and associated factors. A total of 156 respondents participated in the study...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934773/leptospirosis-in-three-workers-on-a-dairy-farm-with-unvaccinated-cattle
#2
Jackie Benschop, Julie Collins-Emerson, Allie Maskill, Patrick O'Connor, Margaret Tunbridge, Yuni Yupiana, Jenny Weston
AIM: We report a one-health investigation of three cases of leptospirosis on a dairy farm with unvaccinated cattle in New Zealand. The cases are discussed in the context of diagnostics, risk factors, persistence of symptoms and outbreak mitigation measures. METHOD: Clinical and laboratory records from the human cases were reviewed and serological and molecular investigations were conducted into the Leptospira status of cattle and pigs on the farm. RESULTS: Cases presented early in their illness and all three were confirmed within seven days of onset of symptoms by urine PCR and within 18 days by convalescent MAT (two Hardjo-bovis, one Pomona)...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934556/the-effect-of-t-ai-chi-exercise-on-lipid-profiles-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#3
Aqeel M Alenazi, Mohammed M Alshehri, Jeffrey C Hoover, Mohammad A Yabroudi, Shaji John Kachanathu, Wen Liu
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a common health problem resulting from many factors, including dyslipidemia. T'ai chi is one of the interventions assigned to improve lipid profiles and other physical outcomes. However, conflicting results might be attributed to different study designs and interventional approaches. A systematic review and meta-analysis are needed to evaluate existing evidence. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate existing randomized clinical trials (RCTs) regarding the overall effect of t'ai chi exercise on lipid profiles...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933805/perioperative-administration-of-buffered-versus-non-buffered-crystalloid-intravenous-fluid-to-improve-outcomes-following-adult-surgical-procedures
#4
REVIEW
Sohail Bampoe, Peter M Odor, Ahilanandan Dushianthan, Elliott Bennett-Guerrero, Suzie Cro, Tong J Gan, Michael Pw Grocott, Michael Fm James, Michael G Mythen, Catherine Mn O'Malley, Anthony M Roche, Kathy Rowan, Edward Burdett
BACKGROUND: Perioperative fluid strategies influence clinical outcomes following major surgery. Many intravenous fluid preparations are based on simple solutions, such as normal saline, that feature an electrolyte composition that differs from that of physiological plasma. Buffered fluids have a theoretical advantage of containing a substrate that acts to maintain the body's acid-base status - typically a bicarbonate or a bicarbonate precursor such as maleate, gluconate, lactate, or acetate...
September 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933608/the-psychological-impact-of-prolonged-disorders-of-consciousness-on-caregivers-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-studies
#5
Sonja M Soeterik, Sarah Connolly, E Diane Playford, Sophie Duport, Afsane Riazi
OBJECTIVE: Systematic review of the nature, frequency and severity of psychological experiences of people who have a close relationship with a person with a prolonged disorder of consciousness. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, Web of Science, PsycINFO, PubMed, Embase(®), MEDLINE(®), Allied and Complementary Medicine™, were searched from inceptions until December 2016 with additional hand searching of reference lists of included articles. REVIEW METHODS: Studies were included that used quantitative methodologies and psychological measures to investigate experiences...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933257/nurses-performance-in-clinical-ethics-committees-and-commissions-an-integrative-review
#6
Gabriela Menezes Gonçalves de Brito, Darci de Oliveira Santa Rosa
BACKGROUND: The research on nursing professionals in Clinical Ethics Committees and Nursing Ethics Commissions occurs in different parts of the world; however, little information on this subject is found in the literature. OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed national and international publications in relation to the participation of nursing professionals in Clinical Ethics Committees. RESEARCH DESIGN: This was an integrative review of articles published in national and international journals between 1994 and 2016 which described the participation of nursing professionals in ethics commissions...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933205/mass-spectrometry-methods-to-study-protein-metabolite-interactions
#7
Hongbo Guo, Hui Peng, Andrew Emili
To ​​​​understand and manipulate biochemical processes and signaling pathways, the knowledge of endogenous protein-metabolite interactions would be extremely helpful. Recent developments in precision mass spectrometry, high-throughput proteomics and sensitive metabolomic profiling are beginning to converge on a possible solution, heralding a new era of global metabolome-proteome 'interactome' studies that promise to change biomedical research and drug discovery. Areas covered: Here, we review innovative mass spectrometry-based methods and recent pioneering studies aimed at elucidating the physical associations of small molecule ligands with cellular proteins...
September 21, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932473/bis-%C3%AE-n-n-di-allyl-dithio-carbamato-bis-n-n-di-allyl-dithio-carbamato-cadmium
#8
Damian C Onwudiwe, Madalina Hrubaru, Eric C Hosten, Charmaine Arderne
The title compound, [Cd2(C7H10NS2)4], is a neutral dinuclear cadmium(II) complex bearing four bis N,N-di-allyl-di-thio-carbamate ligands coordinating to two Cd(II) cations. In each of the monomeric subunits, there are four S atoms of two di-thio-carbamate ligands [Cd-S = 2.5558 (3), 2.8016 (3), 2.6050 (3) and 2.5709 (3) Å] that coordinate to one Cd(II) atom in a bidentate mode. The dimers are located over an inversion centre bridged by two additional bridging Cd-S bonds [2.6021 (3) Å], leading to a substantial distortion of the geometry of the monomeric subunit from the expected square-planar geometry...
September 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932109/evaluation-on-the-implementation-of-respiratory-protection-measures-in-old-age-homes
#9
Diana Tf Lee, Doris Yu, Margaret Ip, Jennifer Ym Tang
PURPOSE: Old age homes (OAHs) represent a vulnerable community for influenza outbreaks. Effective implementation of respiratory protection measures has been identified as an effective prevention measure to reduce mortality and morbidity caused by such outbreaks. Yet, relatively little is known about this aspect in these homes. This study evaluated the implementation of respiratory protection measures among infection control officers (ICOs) and health care workers (HCWs) in these homes in Hong Kong...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931438/global-collaborative-healthcare-assessing-the-resource-requirements-at-a-leading-academic-medical-center
#10
REVIEW
Nicole J Rosson, Heitham T Hassoun
INTRODUCTION: Academic Medical Centers ("AMCs") have served as a hub of the United States ("US") health system and represented the state-of-the art in American health care for well over a century. Currently, the global healthcare market is both massive and expanding and is being altered by the unprecedented impact of technological advances and globalization. This provides AMCs a platform to enter into trans-national collaborative partnerships with healthcare organizations around the world, thus providing a means to deliver on its promise globally while also expanding and diversifying its resources...
September 20, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931361/patient-family-and-physician-satisfaction-with-planning-for-direct-discharge-to-home-from-intensive-care-units-direct-from-icu-sent-home-study
#11
Joyce Nga Hei Lam, Vincent I Lau, Fran A Priestap, John Basmaji, Ian M Ball
BACKGROUND: In the new era of decreasing hospital bed availability, there is an increasing rate of direct discharge to home (DDH) from intensive care units (ICUs), despite sparse literature informing this practice. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patient, family, and ICU attending physician satisfaction with planning for DDH from the ICU and intensivists' current DDH practices and perceptions. METHODS: Prospective cohort study, using convenience sampling, of adult patients undergoing DDH from an ICU between February 2016 and February 2017 using a modified FS-ICU 24 satisfaction survey completed by patients, family members, and attending physicians at the time of patient discharge to home from the ICU...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930048/is-current-preoperative-frailty-assessment-adequate
#12
Gilgamesh Eamer, Jennifer A Gibson, Chelsia Gillis, Amy T Hsu, Marian Krawczyk, Emily MacDonald, Reid Whitlock, Rachel G Khadaroo
Preoperative frailty predicts adverse postoperative outcomes. Recommendations for preoperative assessment of elderly patients include performing a frailty assessment. Despite the advantages of incorporating frailty assessment into surgical settings, there is limited research on surgical health care professionals' perception and use of frailty assessment for perioperative care. We surveyed local health care employees to assess their attitudes toward and practices for frail patients. Nurses and allied health professionals were more likely than surgeons to agree frailty should play a role in planning a patient's care...
October 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928262/the-use-of-speaking-valves-in-children-with-tracheostomy-tubes-what-is-the-scope-of-the-literature
#13
Weeda Zabih, Theresa Holler, Faiza Syed, Laurie Russell, Jennifer Allegro, Reshma Amin
One-way speaking valves have been successfully used to restore audible meaningful speech in adult patients after tracheostomy tube placement. One-way speaking valves have also been used in pediatric patients after tracheostomy tube placement with promising results. We conducted a scoping review to synthesize and summarize the current evidence on the use of one-way tracheostomy tube speaking valves in the pediatric population to identify knowledge gaps that could inform future research programs and facilitate evidence-based clinical decision making...
September 19, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928025/development-implementation-and-use-of-a-process-to-promote-knowledge-translation-in-rehabilitation
#14
Jennifer L Moore, Julia Carpenter, Anne Marie Doyle, Laura Doyle, Piper Hansen, Bridget Hahn, T George Hornby, Heidi R Roth, Susan Spoeri, Rachel Tappan, Krista Van Der Laan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the use and impact of the BRAIN on evidence-based practice (EBP) over 6 years. DESIGN: A successive independent samples study. SETTING: A large rehabilitation system. PARTICIPANTS: Successive samples of allied health clinicians in 2009 (n=136), 2012 (n=115), and 2015 (n=121). INTERVENTIONS: The BRAIN includes two components: 1) a process to synthesize, adapt and make recommendations about the application of evidence; and 2) a process to implement the recommended practices in 3 levels of care...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927509/health-care-workers-experiences-of-aggression
#15
Katelyn Kerr, Joanne Oram, Helen Tinson, David Shum
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of patient aggression against health care workers, the consequences and coping mechanisms. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional design. SUBJECTS: 50 participants comprised 37 nurses, 1 ward staff, 12 allied health staff employed in two brain injury wards with experience ranging from 3months to 34years. SETTING: Neurosciences and Brain Injury Rehabilitation wards of a metropolitan tertiary hospital in Brisbane...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926991/-found-performance-towards-a-musical-methodology-for-exploring-the-aesthetics-of-care
#16
Stuart Wood
Concepts of performance in fine art reflect key processes in music therapy. Music therapy enables practitioners to reframe patients as performers, producing new meanings around the clinical knowledge attached to medical histories and constructs. In this paper, music therapy practices are considered in the wider context of art history, with reference to allied theories from social research. Tracing a century in art that has revised the performativity of found objects (starting with Duchamp's "Fountain"), and of found sound (crystallised by Cage's 4' 33) this paper proposes that music therapy might be a pioneer methodology of "found performance"...
September 18, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926752/response-bias-and-response-monitoring-evidence-from-healthy-older-adults-and-patients-with-mild-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Rebecca G Deason, Michelle J Tat, Sean Flannery, Prabhakar S Mithal, Erin P Hussey, Eileen T Crehan, Brandon A Ally, Andrew E Budson
Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) often exhibit an abnormally liberal response bias in recognition memory tests, responding "old" more frequently than "new." Investigations have shown patients can to shift to a more conservative response bias when given instructions. We examined if patients with mild AD could alter their response patterns when the ratio of old items is manipulated without explicit instruction. Healthy older adults and AD patients studied lists of words and then were tested in three old/new ratio conditions (30%, 50%, or 70% old items)...
September 16, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921637/to-serve-or-not-to-serve-ethical-and-policy-implications
#18
Leonard A Jason
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) is one of the nation's more influential health-related non-profit organizations. It plays a large role in shaping health policy by commissioning panels to develop "white papers" describing research and recommendations on a variety of health topics. These white paper publications are often used to help make policy decisions at the legislative and executive levels. Such a prominent institution might seem like a natural ally for policy-related collaborative efforts. As community psychologists, we strongly endorse efforts to positively influence public policy at the national level...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921612/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-reduce-the-symptoms-of-mild-to-moderate-anxiety-in-pregnant-women
#19
REVIEW
Kerry Evans, C Jane Morrell, Helen Spiby
AIM: To assess the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for pregnant women with symptoms of mild to moderate anxiety. BACKGROUND: Many pregnant women experience mild to moderate symptoms of anxiety and could benefit from additional support. Non-pharmacological interventions have been suggested for use during pregnancy. DESIGN: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: Randomised controlled trials published since 1990, identified from electronic databases: Medline; CINAHL; Maternity and Infant Care; PsycINFO; Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; CENTRAL; EMBASE; Centre for Reviews and Dissemination; Social Sciences Citation Index; ASSIA; HTA Library; Joanna Briggs Institute Evidence-Based Practice database; Allied and Complementary Medicine...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919592/the-study-on-the-lives-and-health-conditions-of-internees-in-santo-thomas-camp-of-philippines-based-on-mcanlis-s-the-war-in-manila-1941-1945
#20
Jueyeon Lee, Youngsoo Cho
When Japan invaded the Philippines, two missionary dentists (Dr. McAnlis and Dr. Boots) who were forced to leave Korea were captured and interned in the Santo Thomas camp in Manila. Japan continued to bombard and plunder the Philippines in the wake of the Pacific War following the Great East Asia policy, leading to serious inflation and material deficiency. More than 4,000 Allied citizens held in Santo Thomas camp without basic food and shelter. Santo Thomas Camp was equipped with the systems of the Japanese military medical officers and Western doctors of captivity based on the Geneva Conventions(1929)...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
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