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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922279/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-farsi-version-of-nih-task-force-s-recommended-multidimensional-minimal-dataset-for-research-on-chronic-low-back-pain
#1
Pardis Noormohammadpour, Bahareh Tavana, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mehdi Zeinalizadeh, Babak Mirzashahi, Mohsen Rostami, Ramin Kordi
STUDY DESIGN: Translation and cultural adaptation of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Task Force's minimal dataset. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate validity and reliability of the Farsi version of NIH Task Force's recommended multidimensional minimal dataset for research on chronic low back pain (CLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Considering the high cost of CLBP and its increasing prevalence, NIH Pain Consortium developed research standards (including recommendations for definitions, a minimum dataset, and outcomes' report) for studies regarding CLBP...
September 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921731/inter-observer-agreement-in-pediatric-cervical-spine-injury-assessment-between-prehospital-and-emergency-department-providers
#2
Lorin R Browne, Hamilton Schwartz, Fahd A Ahmad, Michael Wallendorf, Nathan Kuppermann, E Brooke Lerner, Julie C Leonard
BACKGROUND: Investigators have derived cervical spine injury (CSI) decision support tools from physician observations. There is a need to demonstrate that prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) providers can use these tools to appropriately determine the need for spinal motion restrictions and make field disposition decisions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the inter-observer agreement between EMS and emergency department (ED) providers for CSI risk assessment variables and overall gestalt for CSI in children after blunt trauma...
September 18, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920142/acupuncture-for-reduction-of-symptom-burden-in-multiple-myeloma-patients-undergoing-autologous-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-randomized-sham-controlled-trial
#3
Gary Deng, Sergio Giralt, David J Chung, Heather Landau, Jonathan Siman, Benjamin Search, Marci Coleton, Emily Vertosick, Nathan Shapiro, Christine Chien, Xin S Wang, Barrie Cassileth, Jun J Mao
PURPOSE: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) is potentially curative for a number of hematologic malignancies, but is associated with high symptom burden. We conducted a randomized sham-controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate efficacy and safety of acupuncture as an integrative treatment for managing common symptoms during HCT. METHODS: Adult patients with multiple myeloma undergoing high-dose melphalan followed by autologous HCT (AHCT) were randomized to receive either true or sham acupuncture once daily for 5 days starting the day after chemotherapy...
September 17, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919814/clinical-relevance-of-persistent-postoperative-pain-after-total-hip-replacement-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#4
Joachim Erlenwein, Martin Müller, Deborah Falla, Michael Przemeck, Michael Pfingsten, Stefan Budde, Michael Quintel, Frank Petzke
PURPOSE: The development of persistent postoperative pain may occur following surgery, including total hip replacement. Yet, the prevalence may depend on the definition of persistent pain. This observational cohort study explored whether the prevalence of persistent pain after total hip replacement differs depending on the definition of persistent pain and evaluated the impact of ongoing pain on the patient's quality of life 6 months after surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Pre- and postoperative characteristics of 125 patients undergoing elective total hip replacement were assessed and 104 patients were available for the follow-up interview, 6 months after surgery...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916599/directional-atherectomy-followed-by-a-paclitaxel-coated-balloon-to-inhibit-restenosis-and-maintain-vessel-patency-twelve-month-results-of-the-definitive-ar-study
#5
Thomas Zeller, Ralf Langhoff, Krishna J Rocha-Singh, Michael R Jaff, Erwin Blessing, Beatrice Amann-Vesti, Marek Krzanowski, Patrick Peeters, Dierk Scheinert, Giovanni Torsello, Sebastian Sixt, Gunnar Tepe
BACKGROUND: Studies assessing drug-coated balloons (DCB) for the treatment of femoropopliteal artery disease are encouraging. However, challenging lesions, such as severely calcified, remain difficult to treat with DCB alone. Vessel preparation with directional atherectomy (DA) potentially improves outcomes of DCB. METHODS AND RESULTS: DEFINITIVE AR study (Directional Atherectomy Followed by a Paclitaxel-Coated Balloon to Inhibit Restenosis and Maintain Vessel Patency-A Pilot Study of Anti-Restenosis Treatment) was a multicenter randomized trial designed to estimate the effect of DA before DCB to facilitate the development of future end point-driven randomized studies...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912412/-a-case-of-advanced-neuroendocrine-cell-carcinoma-of-the-stomach-treated-with-s-1-and-cisplatin-chemotherapy
#6
Mikiko Sakuraya, Yoshimasa Shimizu, Nobuo Tachikawa, Hitoshi Hara, Masaki Ohashi, Tomoo Shatari, Masao Hori
A 69-year-old man presented to our hospital because of epigastric pain. A type 2 lesion was seen in the lesser curvature of the antrum of the stomach. A moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma(human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative) was diagnosed by biopsy. Abdominal computed tomography showed a mass shadow 52mm in diameter in the pyloric region invading the surrounding organs, but no evidence of distant metastasis. Chemotherapy with S-1 and cisplatin(SP therapy)was initiated because of a diagnosis of locally advanced gastric cancer...
September 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906419/outcome-analyses-of-15-189-screenings-via-colonoscopy
#7
Lan Liu, Hongwei Gao, Weihua Yu, Shanyan Zhang, Jianqiang Guo, Kongxi Zhu
PURPOSE: This study investigated the detection rates of common colorectal diseases during colonoscopy procedures to provide reference for clinical diagnoses in China. METHODS: A total of 15,189 participants, who underwent total colonoscopy, were studied. We analyzed the detection rates of common colorectal diseases in different sex, age, and decade groups. RESULTS: The most common indication for colonoscopy is abdominal pain followed by change in bowel habits...
September 12, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905210/impact-of-pharmacological-spasm-provocation-test-in-patients-with-a-history-of-syncope
#8
Shozo Sueda, Hiroaki Kohno
Coronary artery spasm is involved in the pathogenesis of various cardiac disorders. We investigated patients with a history of syncope who underwent elective coronary angiography. We retrospectively analyzed 5781 consecutive patients who had diagnostic or follow-up angiography during a 26-year period. During this period, we found 95 patients with a history of syncope before elective coronary angiography. Pharmacological spasm provocation testing was performed in 64 patients with a history of syncope (<1 year)...
September 13, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902845/clinical-and-epidemiologic-characteristics-of-dengue-and-other-etiologic-agents-among-patients-with-acute-febrile-illness-puerto-rico-2012-2015
#9
Kay M Tomashek, Olga D Lorenzi, Doris A Andújar-Pérez, Brenda C Torres-Velásquez, Elizabeth A Hunsperger, Jorge Luis Munoz-Jordan, Janice Perez-Padilla, Aidsa Rivera, Gladys E Gonzalez-Zeno, Tyler M Sharp, Renee L Galloway, Mindy Glass Elrod, Demetrius L Mathis, M Steven Oberste, W Allan Nix, Elizabeth Henderson, Jennifer McQuiston, Joseph Singleton, Cecilia Kato, Carlos García Gubern, William Santiago-Rivera, Jesús Cruz-Correa, Robert Muns-Sosa, Juan D Ortiz-Rivera, Gerson Jiménez, Ivonne E Galarza, Kalanthe Horiuchi, Harold S Margolis, Luisa I Alvarado
Identifying etiologies of acute febrile illnesses (AFI) is challenging due to non-specific presentation and limited availability of diagnostics. Prospective AFI studies provide a methodology to describe the syndrome by age and etiology, findings that can be used to develop case definitions and multiplexed diagnostics to optimize management. We conducted a 3-year prospective AFI study in Puerto Rico. Patients with fever ≤7 days were offered enrollment, and clinical data and specimens were collected at enrollment and upon discharge or follow-up...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900744/structural-vertebral-endplate-nomenclature-and-etiology-a-study-by-the-issls-spinal-phenotype-focus-group
#10
Uruj Zehra, Cora Bow, Jeffrey C Lotz, Frances M K Williams, S Rajasekaran, Jaro Karppinen, Keith D K Luk, Michele C Battiê, Dino Samartzis
PURPOSE: Vertebral endplate abnormalities may be associated with disc degeneration and, perhaps, pain generation. However, consensus definitions for endplate findings on spine MRI do not exist, posing a challenge to compare findings between studies and ethnic groups. The following survey was created to characterize the variability among the global spine community regarding endplate structural findings with respect to nomenclature and etiology. METHODS: A working group within the International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine (ISSLS) Spinal Phenotype Focus Group was established to assess the endplate phenotype...
September 12, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900315/efficacy-and-safety-of-deferasirox-in-pediatric-patients-of-thalassemia-at-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital
#11
Dhaval R Thakor, Chetna K Desai, Jigar D Kapadia, Ram K Dikshit, K M Mehariya
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy, safety and utilization pattern of deferasirox in paediatric patients of transfusion dependant β Thalassemia Major at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Gujarat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational, prospective-retrospective, single centre, continuous study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital among paediatric patients of transfusion dependent β Thalassemia Major. Patients treated with deferasirox for not more than 12 weeks were enrolled...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899906/does-the-doctrine-of-double-effect-apply-to-the-prescription-of-barbiturates-syme-vs-the-medical-board-of-australia
#12
Xavier Symons
The doctrine of double effect (DDE) is a principle of crucial importance in law and medicine. In medicine, the principle is generally accepted to apply in cases where the treatment necessary to relieve pain and physical suffering runs the risk of hastening the patient's death. More controversially, it has also been used as a justification for withdrawal of treatment from living individuals and physician-assisted suicide. In this paper, I will critique the findings of the controversial Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal (VCAT) hearing Syme vs the Medical Board of Australia In that hearing, Dr Rodney Syme, a urologist and euthanasia advocate, was defending his practice of prescribing barbiturates to terminally ill patients...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898797/scarless-surgery-for-a-huge-liver-cyst-a-case-report
#13
Hiroyuki Kashiwagi, Jun Kawachi, Naoko Isogai, Masanori Ishii, Katsunori Miyake, Rai Shimoyama, Ryota Fukai, Hidemitsu Ogino
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic or complicated liver cysts sometimes require surgical intervention and laparoscopic fenestration is the definitive treatment for these cysts. We performed minimally invasive surgery, hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) without scarring, for a huge liver cyst. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 82-year-old female presented with a month-long history of right upper abdominal pain. We diagnosed her condition as a huge liver cyst by morphological studies...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893478/pain-caused-by-measles-mumps-and-rubella-vaccines-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Corinne Willame, Ouzama Henry, Lan Lin, Volker Vetter, Laurence Baril, Nicolas Praet
PURPOSE: The risk of post-vaccination adverse events (AEs) is a primary public health concern. Among the AEs, pain is a significant source of anxiety for both children and their parents. This review describes and assesses the intensity of pain experienced by children post-vaccination with widely used Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) vaccines. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane to identify publications describing immediate pain at injection site (primary objective) or pain within days (secondary objective) after 2 specific MMR vaccines...
September 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893301/intussusception-caused-by-heterotopic-gastric-mucosa-in-small-intestine-a-case-report
#15
Priyanka Anand, Sompal Singh, Namrata Sarin
BACKGROUND: Intestinal intussusception is the most frequent cause of small bowel obstruction in children between the ages of 2 months and 5 years and often remains idiopathic in etiology, even after surgery. On microscopic examination, in intussusception normal mucosa is noted but in a few cases heterotopic tissue can be seen. Heterotopic gastric mucosa in the small intestine is extremely rare except for its occurrence in remnants of Meckel's diverticulum. In view of the rarity of this condition, we report a case of ectopic gastric mucosa in the small intestine that was not associated with remnants of vitelline duct...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890787/unique-angiographic-findings-in-a-patient-with-myocardial-ischemia-and-immunoglobulin-g4-related-disease
#16
Yusuke Kanzaki, Takashi Miura, Naoto Hashizume, Tatsuya Saigusa, Soichiro Ebisawa, Koichiro Kuwahara
Immunoglobulin G4-related disease characteristically involves multiple organs including the heart and coronary arteries. Immunoglobulin G4-related coronary artery disease is thought to be due to periarteritis and histopathologically is characterized by marked thickening of the adventitia and periarterial fat with infiltration of immunoglobulin G4-positive plasma cells. Although comprehensive diagnostic criteria require a biopsy for a definite or probable diagnosis of immunoglobulin G4-related disease, obtaining a coronary artery biopsy is difficult and risky...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887258/case-report-severe-acute-type-b-aortic-dissection-complicated-by-acute-pancreatitis
#17
Jin Jie, Wu Yongfa, Wang Yuxin, Liao Mingfang, Qu Lefeng
A 52 year-old man presented with sudden abdominal pain and intermittent vomiting. The patient underwent contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan (CT) and was diagnosed with an acute type B aortic dissection (ABAD) involving the celiac trunk superior mesenteric artery (SMA), and extending to the renal artery. The patient was treated with thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). After the procedure, the patient still complained of left upper abdomen abdominal pain, and an abdominal mass was detected on physical examination...
September 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886861/primary-headache-disorders-part-2-tension-type-headache-and-medication-overuse-headache
#18
Gary W Jay, Robert L Barkin
In Part 2 of Primary Headache disorders, we discuss the fourth Primary Headache Disorder, Tension-Type Headache (TTHA). We are again using the ICHD-III (Beta) definitions of such headaches, taking into consideration episodic and chronic TTHA, as well as the presence or absence of pericranial muscle tenderness. We discuss the pathophysiology and pharmacotherapeutic treatment of TTHA, and the aspects of the Myofascial Pain Syndrome that enhance and help the development of TTHA. We then discuss Medication Overuse Headache (MOH), itself a Secondary headache disorder, but one that is extremely important as it assists with the chronification of both migraine and TTHA...
September 5, 2017: Disease-a-month: DM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885414/urinary-symptoms-and-their-associations-with-urinary-tract-infections-in-urogynecologic-patients
#19
Tanaka J Dune, Travis K Price, Evann E Hilt, Krystal J Thomas-White, Stephanie Kliethermes, Cynthia Brincat, Linda Brubaker, Paul Schreckenberger, Alan J Wolfe, Elizabeth R Mueller
OBJECTIVE: To assess urinary symptoms associated with urinary tract infection (UTI) in a urogynecologic population of women. METHODS: In this cohort study, we enrolled 150 urogynecologic patients who completed the validated UTI Symptom Assessment questionnaire and contributed transurethral catheterized urine samples. The primary measure (UTI diagnosis) was defined in three ways. Self-report (a nonculture-based UTI diagnosis) was defined by a yes or no response to the query "Do you think you have a UTI?" Two culture-based UTI diagnoses also were analyzed: standard urine culture (10 colony-forming units [CFU]/mL or greater) and enhanced quantitative urine culture (10 CFU/mL or greater) of any uropathogen...
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878881/tracking-low-back-pain-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-prospective-cohort-study-protocol
#20
Jean Théroux, Norman Stomski, Christopher J Hodgetts, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Bruce F Walker, Sylvie Le May, Hubert Labelle
BACKGROUND: Numerous methodological limitations have constrained the findings of previous studies that have examined the prevalence of low back pain in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. This article presents a study protocol that has been designed to address the shortcomings of prior research in this area. In addition, it will establish the level of disease burden associated with acute, recurrent, and chronic low back pain in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: This study will involve a prospective cohort of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis presenting to an outpatient department in a paediatric hospital...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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