keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

master swimmers performance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868433/performance-trends-in-3000-m-open-water-age-group-swimmers-from-25-to-89-years-competing-in-the-fina-world-championships-from-1992-to-2014
#1
Beat Knechtle, Pantelis T Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Christoph A Rüst
We investigated trends in participation, performance and sex difference in performance in 3000 m freestyle in age groups swimmers (25-29 to 85-89 years) competing in the Fédération Internationale de Natation World Masters Championships between 1992 and 2014. During this period, participation increased in women and men. Women and men improved race times across years in all age groups. Women were slower in age groups 25-29 to 70-74 years. In age groups 75-79 and 85-89 years, however, race times were similar for both women and men...
November 19, 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736243/the-effects-of-leg-kick-on-the-swimming-speed-and-on-arm-stroke-efficiency-in-front-crawl
#2
Ricardo Peterson Silveira, Flávio Antônio de Souza Castro, Pedro Figueiredo, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Paola Zamparo
PURPOSE: to analyze the effects of swimming pace on the relative contribution of leg kick to swimming speed, and to compare arm stroke efficiency (ηf) assessed when swimming with the arms only (SAO) and while swimming front crawl (FCS) using individual and fixed adjustments to arm stroke and leg kick contribution to forward speed. METHODS: twenty-nine master swimmers (21 males, 8 females) performed SAO and FCS at six self-selected speeds from very slow to maximal speed...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604135/performance-trends-in-age-group-breaststroke-swimmers-in-the-fina-world-championships-1986-2014
#3
Beat Knechtle, Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Christoph Alexander Rüst
Performance trends in breaststroke swimmers competing at world class level in pool competitions are well investigated for elite swimmers, but not for age group swimmers. This study investigated trends in participation, performance and sex difference in performance in a total of 35,143 (16,160 women and 18,983 men) age group breaststroke swimmers aged 25-29 to 95-99 years competing in the Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA) World Masters Championships between 1986 and 2014. Trends in participation were analysed using linear regression analyses and trends in performance were investigated using mixed-effects regression analyses with sex, distance and calendar year as fixed variables...
October 31, 2016: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406135/relationship-between-performance-dry-land-power-and-kinematics-in-master-swimmers
#4
Mario C Espada, Mario J Costa, Aldo M Costa, Antonio J Silva, Tiago M Barbosa, Ana F Pereira
The purpose of the study was to analyze the relationships between sprint swimming performance, dry-land power, and kinematics in master swimmers. Twenty-two male master swimmers were separated in two groups based on their chronological age: (i) 30-39 years and; (ii) 40-49 years. Maximum dry-land power was determined through counter movement jump and 3 kg medicine ball throwing (Hmax and Tmax, respectively). Kinematic determinants of performance were measured during a maximal bout of 15, 25 and 50 m front crawl (T15, T25, T50)...
2016: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27331916/energetics-biomechanics-and-performance-in-masters-swimmers-a-systematic-review
#5
Maria I Ferreira, Tiago M Barbosa, Mário J Costa, Henrique P Neiva, Daniel A Marinho
Ferreira, MI, Barbosa, TM, Costa, MJ, Neiva, HP, and Marinho, DA. Energetics, biomechanics, and performance in masters' swimmers: a systematic review. J Strength Cond Res 30(7): 2069-2081, 2016-This study aimed to summarize evidence on masters' swimmers energetics, biomechanics, and performance gathered in selected studies. An expanded search was conducted on 6 databases, conference proceedings, and department files. Fifteen studies were selected for further analysis. A qualitative evaluation of the studies based on the Quality Index (QI) was performed by 2 independent reviewers...
July 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330911/increased-participation-and-improved-performance-in-age-group-backstroke-master-swimmers-from-25-29-to-100-104%C3%A2-years-at-the-fina-world-masters-championships-from-1986-to-2014
#6
Chiara M Unterweger, Beat Knechtle, Pantelis T Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Christoph A Rüst
Participation and performance trends in age group athletes have been investigated for different sport disciplines, but not for master swimmers. The knowledge on this topic is still missing for a particular stroke such as backstroke. Changes in participation and performance of male and female age group backstroke swimmers (≥25 years) competing in 50, 100 and 200 m pool swimming at the FINA World Masters Championships held between 1986 and 2014 were investigated using mixed-effects regression analyses. The overall participation was n = 26,217 including n = 13,708 women and n = 12,509 men...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141863/-oxidative-stress-in-masters-swimmers-following-high-intensity-interval-training-hi-i-t
#7
Janina Braun, Magd Masoud, Klara Brixius, Christian Brinkmann
Increased oxidative stress (OS) can promote diseases in the long term, but it can also trigger cellular adaptations in the short term. The present study aims to analyze whether a 3-month high-intensity (interval) training (HI(I)T) affects OS in 24 Masters swimmers (22-67 years) before (= basal) and after an all-out performance (swimming step-test). Data were analyzed for the entire group and differentiated according to sex and age (under 50 years (U50) and over 50 years (O50)). Prior to the HI(I)T intervention, a significant increase in OS from the basal to the all-out value was observed among the entire group and in the O50-subjects (subgroup analysis)...
May 2016: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26833033/performance-trends-in-master-freestyle-swimmers-aged-25-89%C3%A2-years-at-the-fina-world-championships-from-1986-to-2014
#8
Beat Knechtle, Pantelis T Nikolaidis, Stefan König, Thomas Rosemann, Christoph A Rüst
Performance trends in elite freestyle swimmers are well known, but not for master freestyle swimmers. We investigated trends in participation, performance, and sex difference in performance of 65,584 freestyle master swimmers from 25-29 to 85-89 years competing in FINA World Masters Championships between 1986 and 2014. The men-to-women ratio was calculated for each age group, and the trend across age groups was analyzed using single linear regression analysis. Trends in performance changes were investigated using a mixed-effects regression model with sex, distance, and calendar year as fixed variables...
February 2016: Age (2005-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26204528/investigation-of-in-water-and-dry-land-training-programs-for-competitive-swimmers-in-the-united-states
#9
Angela Tate, Shana Harrington, Melissa Buness, Susan Murray, Caitlin Trout, Corinne Meisel
CONTEXT: Youth- through masters-level competitive swimmers incur significant shoulder pain. Risk factors associated with shoulder pain include high swimming yardage, a lack of cross-training, decreased shoulder strength and reduced core endurance, and limited posterior shoulder and pectoral length. Since training, swimming exposure, and physical-performance measures have all been associated with shoulder pain, the methods used to train swimmers may influence the development of shoulder pain, yet studies delineating training methods are lacking...
November 2015: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25767781/the-development-of-swimming-power
#10
Giorgio Gatta, Bruno Leban, Maurizio Paderi, Johnny Padulo, Gian Mario Migliaccio, Massimiliano Pau
PURPOSE: the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the transfer strength training method on swimming power. METHODS: twenty male swimmers "master" were randomly allocated to strength (n= 10, ST) and swimming training (n=10, SW) groups. Both groups performed six-weeks training based on swimming training for SW and strength training which consisted in a weight training session immediately followed by the maximum swimming velocity. The performance in both groups was assessed by Maximal-Mechanical-External-Power (MMEP) before and after the six-weeks period, using a custom ergometer that provided force, velocity, and power measurement in water...
October 2014: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25710182/effects-of-manipulating-volume-and-intensity-training-in-masters-swimmers
#11
Lorenzo Pugliese, Simone Porcelli, Matteo Bonato, Gaspare Pavei, Antonio La Torre, Martina A Maggioni, Giuseppe Bellistri, Mauro Marzorati
PURPOSE: Recently, some studies have suggested that overall training intensity may be more important than training volume for improving swimming performance. However, those studies focused on very young subjects, and/or the difference between high-volume and high-intensity training was blurred. The aim of this study was to investigate in masters swimmers the effects of manipulation of training volume and intensity on performance and physiological variables. METHODS: A group of 10 male masters swimmers (age 32...
October 2015: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25635608/effect-of-gender-energetics-and-biomechanics-on-swimming-masters-performance
#12
Maria I Ferreira, Tiago M Barbosa, Henrique P Neiva, Carlos C Marta, Mário J Costa, Daniel A Marinho
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of gender and energetics on biomechanics and performance of masters swimmers over 1 season. Twenty-five masters swimmers (14 male and 11 female) were assessed 3 times (TP1, TP2, and TP3) during a season (male personal record in 200-m freestyle event: 173.00 ± 31.41 seconds: female personal record in 200-m freestyle event: 200.73 ± 25.02 seconds). An incremental 5 × 200-m step test was selected to evaluate velocity at 4 mmol·l⁻¹ of blood lactate concentration (v4), maximal blood lactate concentration after exercise (La(peak)), maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max), stroke frequency, stroke length (SL), stroke index (SI), and propelling efficiency of the arm stroke (η(p))...
July 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25359133/changes-of-the-energetic-profile-in-masters-swimmers-over-a-season
#13
M I Ferreira, T M Barbosa, H P Neiva, J Vilaça-Alves, M J Costa, D A Marinho
AIM: The aim of this study was to track and compare the changes of performance and energetic profile of male and female masters swimmers during a season. METHODS: Eleven female (age: 34.7±7.3-y) and fourteen male (age: 35.6±7.4-y) with 4.2±3.7-y and 3.9±1.6-y of experience in masters, respectively, performed an all-out 200 m freestyle to evaluate total energy expenditure (Etot), aerobic (Aer), anaerobic lactic (AnL) and alactic (AnAl) contributions. The oxygen uptake (VO2) was measured immediately after the 200 m trial and the VO2 reached during the trial was estimated through the backward extrapolation of the O2 recovery curve...
December 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25093910/statin-use-and-self-reported-swimming-performance-in-us-masters-swimmers
#14
Kyle Terpak, Sally Guthrie, Steven Erickson
Exercise and treating hyperlipidaemia with statins are two integral components of the American Heart Association guidelines to reduce cardiovascular risk in adults. Since statins can cause myalgias and myopathies, they could affect the duration or intensity of an exercise regimen. To determine the impact of statin use in adult masters swimmers, a survey was distributed to examine the association between swimming performance and statin usage in adult swimmers (≥35 years). After excluding those with chronic diseases or taking drugs that reduce physical capacity, 749 swimmers (118 taking statins, 73 not taking statins to control elevated cholesterol and 558 controls) were included in a regression model to determine the factors significantly affecting the duration and intensity of swimming workouts...
2015: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24797514/skeletal-muscle-mass-and-muscular-function-in-master-swimmers-is-related-to-training-distance
#15
Takashi Abe, Kosuke Kojima, Joel M Stager
It is unknown whether or not the daily swim training distances of master swimmers (MS) affect the observed changes in skeletal muscle mass (SM) and physical function commonly associated with the aging process. Twenty-two male MS aged 52-82 years were divided into two groups based upon training distance: High MS (>3000 meters swim/session and 4.1 times/week; n=11) and moderate MS (1500-2800 meters swim/session and 3.4 times/week; n=11). Eleven age- and body mass index-matched older (aged 56-80 years) men served as controls (AMC)...
October 2014: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24610246/the-interplay-between-arms-only-propelling-efficiency-power-output-and-speed-in-master-swimmers
#16
P Zamparo, E Turri, R Peterson Silveira, A Poli
PURPOSE: To explore the interplay between arms-only propelling efficiency (η(p)), mechanical power output (W(tot)) and swimming speed (V); these three parameters are indeed related through the following equation V(3) = 1/kη(p)W(tot) (where k is the speed-specific drag; k = F/V(2)); thus, the larger are η(p) and W(tot) the larger is V. We furthermore wanted to test the hypothesis that a multiple linear regression between W(tot), η(p) and V would have a stronger correlation coefficient than a linear regression between W(tot) and V alone...
June 2014: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24481133/effect-of-beetroot-juice-supplementation-on-aerobic-response-during-swimming
#17
Marco Pinna, Silvana Roberto, Raffaele Milia, Elisabetta Marongiu, Sergio Olla, Andrea Loi, Gian Mario Migliaccio, Johnny Padulo, Carmine Orlandi, Filippo Tocco, Alberto Concu, Antonio Crisafulli
The beneficial effects of beetroot juice supplementation (BJS) have been tested during cycling, walking, and running. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether BJS can also improve performance in swimmers. Fourteen moderately trained male master swimmers were recruited and underwent two incremental swimming tests randomly assigned in a pool during which workload, oxygen uptake (VO₂), carbon dioxide production (VCO₂), pulmonary ventilation (VE), and aerobic energy cost (AEC) of swimming were measured...
2014: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24421732/perceptions-of-five-year-competitive-categories-model-of-how-relative-age-influences-competitiveness-in-masters-sport
#18
Nikola Medic, Bradley W Young, J Robert Grove
The purpose of this study was to examine the contrasting perceptions of masters swimmers related to the first and fifth constituent years of a 5-year age category. Swimmers aged between 35 and 93 years (154 male, 184 female) were surveyed at the 2008 FINA World Masters Championships. Exploratory factor analysis indicated the existence of the following five factors considered important for preparation, attendance, and success at masters competitions: awareness of advantages, expectancy, motivation, training, and physiological capacity...
2013: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24379710/declines-in-swimming-performance-with-age-a-longitudinal-study-of-masters-swimming-champions
#19
Robert T Rubin, Sonia Lin, Amy Curtis, Daniel Auerbach, Charlene Win
INTRODUCTION: Because of its many participants and thorough records, competitive Masters swimming offers a rich data source for determining the rate of physical decline associated with aging in physically fit individuals. The decline in performance among national champion swimmers, both men and women and in short and long swims, is linear, at about 0.6% per year up to age 70-75, after which it accelerates in quadratic fashion. These conclusions are based primarily on cross-sectional studies, and little is known about individual performance declines with aging...
2013: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24198541/effects-of-aging-in-masters-swimmers-40-year-review-and-suggestions-for-optimal-health-benefits
#20
REVIEW
Robert T Rubin, Richard H Rahe
The Masters Swimming Program is over 40 years old and has achieved international status, with thousands of participants competing in five-year age categories between 18 and 99. Early studies of Masters swimmers by age groups found an increase in times for most events of about 1% per year, and later studies showed a significant correlation with the age-associated decline in maximal oxygen uptake. As larger sample sizes have become available, the age-related decline in performance among national champion Masters swimmers, both men and women, and for both short and longer swims, has been shown to be linear at about 0...
2010: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
keyword
keyword
115035
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"