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Transformational Leadership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426520/nursing-practice-research-and-education-in-the-west-the-best-is-yet-to-come
#1
Heather M Young, Susan Bakewell-Sachs, Linda Sarna
PURPOSE: This paper celebrates the 60th anniversary of the Western Institute of Nursing, the nursing organization representing 13 states in the Western United States, and envisions a preferred future for nursing practice, research, and education. BACKGROUND: Three landmark calls to action contribute to transforming nursing and healthcare: the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010; the Institute of Medicine report Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health; and the report Advancing Healthcare Transformation: A New Era for Academic Nursing...
April 20, 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424074/implementation-and-adaptation-of-the-re-engineered-discharge-red-in-five-california-hospitals-a-qualitative-research-study
#2
S E Mitchell, G M Weigel, V Laurens, J Martin, B W Jack
BACKGROUND: Project Re-Engineered Discharge (RED) is an evidence-based strategy to reduce readmissions disseminated and adapted by various health systems across the country. To date, little is known about how adapting Project RED from its original protocol impacts RED implementation and/or sustainability. The goal of this study was to identify and characterize contextual factors influencing how five California hospitals adapted and implemented RED and the subsequent impact on RED program sustainability...
April 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406112/doctors-of-tomorrow-an-innovative-curriculum-connecting-underrepresented-minority-high-school-students-to-medical-school
#3
Jordan Derck, Kate Zahn, Jonathan F Finks, Simanjit Mand, Gurjit Sandhu
BACKGROUND: Racial minorities continue to be underrepresented in medicine (URiM). Increasing provider diversity is an essential component of addressing disparity in health delivery and outcomes. The pool of students URiM that are competitive applicants to medical school is often limited early on by educational inequalities in primary and secondary schooling. A growing body of evidence recognizing the importance of diversifying health professions advances the need for medical schools to develop outreach collaborations with primary and secondary schools to attract URiMs...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398991/development-and-impact-of-the-global-plan
#4
David Haroz, Deborah von Zinkernagel, Karusa Kiragu
The Global Plan towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive (Global Plan) was transformative, helping drive a 60% reduction in new HIV infections among children in 21 priority countries in sub-Saharan Africa from 2009 to 2015. It mobilized unprecedented political, technical, and community leadership at all levels to accelerate progress toward its ambitious targets. This progress is well documented, many specific elements of which are explained in greater detail across this JAIDS supplement...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390543/leadership-and-the-everyday-practice-of-consultant-radiographers-in-the-uk-transformational-ideals-and-the-generation-of-self-efficacy
#5
L Booth, S Henwood, P K Miller
INTRODUCTION: This paper outlines findings from a broader, two-year project investigating the role of Consultant Radiographers (CRs) in the UK, focussing specifically on the leadership aspect of that role. METHODS: Using a qualitative-thematic approach, the leadership-related experiences of a purposive sample of six participating CRs are explored, alongside the systems through which they evaluated how successful they had been as leaders. RESULTS: It is evidenced that many of the ways in which participants describe their own leadership practice, particularly in the intra-team domain, is consistent with the precepts of the Transformational Leadership Model...
May 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358569/daily-job-demands-and-employee-work-engagement-the-role-of-daily-transformational-leadership-behavior
#6
Kimberley Breevaart, Arnold B Bakker
Using job demands-resources (JD-R) theory, the present study integrates the challenge stressor-hindrance stressor framework and leadership theory to investigate the relationship between daily transformational leadership behavior and employee work engagement. We hypothesized that daily transformational leadership behavior (a) sustains employee work engagement on days characterized by high challenge job demands, and (b) protects work engagement on days characterized by high hindrance job demands. Teachers filled out a short online questionnaire at the end of each workday during a 2-week period (N = 271 × 5...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358529/can-super-smart-leaders-suffer-from-too-much-of-a-good-thing-the-curvilinear-effect-of-intelligence-on-perceived-leadership-behavior
#7
John Antonakis, Robert J House, Dean Keith Simonton
Although researchers predominately test for linear relationships between variables, at times there may be theoretical and even empirical reasons for expecting nonlinear functions. We examined if the relation between intelligence (IQ) and perceived leadership might be more accurately described by a curvilinear single-peaked function. Following Simonton's (1985) theory, we tested a specific model, indicating that the optimal IQ for perceived leadership will appear at about 1.2 standard deviations above the mean IQ of the group membership...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357936/does-leadership-style-of-modern-matrons-contribute-to-safer-and-more-effective-clinical-services
#8
Barry Hill
At the time of writing, the author was a modern matron in a surgical division of an NHS teaching hospital in London. This article considers the differences between leadership and management, and discusses the skills required by modern matrons to lead safe and successful clinical services. It also examines three leadership styles - transactional, transformational and situational - and their relevance to the role of modern matron.
March 30, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355879/developing-a-grounded-theory-for-interprofessional-collaboration-acquisition-using-facilitator-and-actor-perspectives-in-simulated-wilderness-medical-emergencies
#9
Heather A Smith, Maurianne Reade, Marion Marr, Nicholas Jeeves
CONTEXT: Interprofessional collaboration is a complex process that has the potential to transform patient care for the better in urban, rural and remote healthcare settings. Simulation has been found to improve participants' interprofessional competencies, but the mechanisms by which interprofessionalism is learned have yet to be understood. A rural wilderness medicine conference (WildER Med) in northern Ontario, Canada with simulated medical scenarios has been demonstrated to be effective in improving participants' collaboration without formal interprofessional education (IPE) curriculum...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350897/transforming-concepts-into-clinical-trials-and-creating-a-multisite-network-the-leadership-and-operations-center-of-the-antibacterial-resistance-leadership-group
#10
Heather R Cross, Anthony Harris, Rebekka M Arias, Henry F Chip Chambers, Vance G Fowler
The Leadership and Operations Center (LOC) is responsible for facilitating, coordinating, and implementing the Antibacterial Resistance Leadership Group (ARLG) scientific agenda by engaging thought leaders; soliciting research proposals; and developing the processes, tools, and infrastructure required to operationalize studies and create and sustain the ARLG network. These efforts are ongoing as new projects are developed and the network expands and grows to address the ever-changing priorities in antibacterial resistance...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347143/developing-a-grounded-theory-for-interprofessional-collaboration-acquisition-using-facilitator-and-actor-perspectives-in-simulated-wilderness-medical-emergencies
#11
Heather A Smith, Maurianne Reade, Maar Marion, Nicholas Jeeves
CONTEXT: Interprofessional collaboration is a complex process that has the potential to transform patient care for the better in urban, rural and remote healthcare settings. Simulation has been found to improve participants' interprofessional competencies, but the mechanisms by which interprofessionalism is learned have yet to be understood. A rural wilderness medicine conference (WildER Med) in northern Ontario, Canada with simulated medical scenarios has been demonstrated to be effective in improving participants' collaboration without formal interprofessional education (IPE) curriculum...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315556/developing-infrastructure-managing-patients-with-cancer-undergoing-car-t-cell-therapy%C3%A2
#12
Elizabeth Halton, Diane Llerandi, Claudia Diamonte, Hilda Quintanilla, Donna Miale-Mayer
BACKGROUND: The introduction of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has created challenges and opportunities for nurses. Clinical nurses must be educated on new treatment modalities to recognize toxicity symptoms and to support the therapy moving forward. 
. OBJECTIVES: This article will discuss nursing leadership and interventions to standardize care and ensure patient safety while receiving CAR T cells. 
. METHODS: Using evolving experience, an interprofessional team created standards of care and identified common toxicities and best practices for their management...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314495/global-service-learning-and-student-athletes-a-model-for-enhanced-academic-inclusion-at-the-university-of-washington
#13
Holly M Barker
BACKGROUND: The University of Washington (UW) continues to create opportunities to engage all students in transformational undergraduate educational opportunities, such as study abroad. OBJECTIVE: This article describes specific efforts to increase inclusion for student-athletes in study abroad, particularly for first-generation students, including low-income students of color. Given the overrepresentation of students of color in sports vis-à-vis the larger student body at predominantly white institutions (PWIs), like UW, service-learning in communities beyond campus boundaries provides opportunities to apply international learning to a local context and to create a continuum of learning...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298155/the-state-of-leadership-education-in-us-medical-schools-results-of-a-national-survey
#14
Sabrina M Neeley, Brian Clyne, Daniel Resnick-Ault
Over the past two decades, there have been increasing calls for physicians to develop the capabilities to lead health care transformation. Many experts and authors have suggested that leadership education should begin during medical school; however, little information exists regarding the presence or nature of undergraduate medical education leadership curricula in the USA. This study sought to determine the prevalence of formal leadership education in US undergraduate medical schools, as well as the delivery methods and degree of student participation...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294309/leadership-behaviours-organizational-culture-and-intention-to-stay-amongst-jordanian-nurses
#15
R F AbuAlRub, M A Nasrallah
AIM: To investigate the impact of leadership behaviours of nurse managers and organizational culture on Jordanian nurses' intention to stay at work in public, private and university hospitals. BACKGROUND: Leadership behaviours of nurses and organizational culture are considered important factors in enhancing retention of nurses. METHODS: A correlational design was used in the study. A sample of 285 Jordanian nurses was conveniently selected to complete a self-administered questionnaire that consisted of three measures; Kouzes and Posner's Leadership Practise Inventory, Professional Organizational Culture questionnaire and McCain's Intent to Stay Scale...
March 15, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292816/leadership-training-in-a-family-medicine-residency-program-cross-sectional-quantitative-survey-to-inform-curriculum-development
#16
Erin Gallagher, Ainsley Moore, Inge Schabort
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current status of leadership training as perceived by family medicine residents to inform the development of a formal leadership curriculum. DESIGN: Cross-sectional quantitative survey. SETTING: Department of Family Medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont, in December 2013. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 152 first- and second-year family medicine residents. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Family medicine residents' attitudes toward leadership, perceived level of training in various leadership domains, and identified opportunities for leadership training...
March 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273611/the-quasi-market-for-adult-residential-care-in-the-uk-do-for-profit-not-for-profit-or-public-sector-residential-care-and-nursing-homes-provide-better-quality-care
#17
David N Barron, Elizabeth West
There has been a radical transformation in the provision of adult residential and nursing home care in England over the past four decades. Up to the 1980s, over 80% of adult residential care was provided by the public sector, but today public sector facilities account for only 8% of the available places, with the rest being provided by a mixture of for-profit firms (74%) and non-profit charities (18%). The public sector's role is often now that of purchaser (paying the fees of people unable to afford them) and regulator...
February 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272588/the-impact-of-bedside-interdisciplinary-rounds-on-length-of-stay-and-complications
#18
Andrew S Dunn, Maria Reyna, Brian Radbill, Michael Parides, Claudia Colgan, Tobi Osio, Ari Benson, Nicole Brown, Joy Cambe, Margo Zwerling, Natalia Egorova, Harold Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Communication among team members within hospitals is typically fragmented. Bedside interdisciplinary rounds (IDR) have the potential to improve communication and outcomes through enhanced structure and patient engagement. OBJECTIVE: To decrease length of stay (LOS) and complications through the transformation of daily IDR to a bedside model. DESIGN: Controlled trial. SETTING: 2 geographic areas of a medical unit using a clinical microsystem structure...
March 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263698/population-health-research-early-description-of-the-organizational-shift-toward-population-health-management-and-defining-a-vision-for-leadership
#19
Kristi L Caldararo, David B Nash
As health care delivery systems adapt to the changing marketplace, many struggle to define a clear strategy that will prove successful in managing the health of entire populations. The federal government continues to put increasing pressure on organizations to shift away from the traditional way of delivering episodic care and move toward managing populations as a whole-before, during, and after a patient presents in a health care facility. Private payers have begun to follow suit as risk-based payer contracts and bundled payment models become increasingly popular...
March 6, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263276/mitigating-the-impact-of-nurse-manager-large-spans-of-control
#20
Brenda Baird Simpson, Valorie Dearmon, Rebecca Graves
Nurse managers are instrumental in achievement of organizational and unit performance goals. Greater spans of control for managers are associated with decreased satisfaction and performance. An interprofessional team measured one organization's nurse manager span of control, providing administrative assistant support and transformational leadership development to nurse managers with the largest spans of control. Nurse manager satisfaction and transformational leadership competency significantly improved following the implementation of large span of control mitigation strategies...
April 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
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