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Renal medicine, cardiovascular medicine, immunology, epidemiology

Gaafar Ragab, Mohamed A Hussein
Vasculitis is a remarkable presentation of the extrahepatic manifestations of HCV. According to the presence or absence of cryoglobulins it is subdivided into two main types: cryoglobulinemic vasculitis and non cryoglobulinemic vasculitis based on the attribution of vasculitis to serum cryoglobulins as a pathogenic factor. The attribution of cryoglobulinemia to HCV represents a success story in the history of immunology, microbiology, and clinical medicine. HCV can bind to and invade lymphocytes, consequently triggering an immune response through different mechanisms...
March 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
A Amore, R Camilla, C Rollino, E Avenatti, F Campolo, L Peruzzi, G Conti, R Coppo
With its aging population, the Western world is experiencing a significant increase in the prevalence of chronic kidney disease, which has actually been defined as ''pandemic''. The high mortality and comorbidity, especially in terms of cardiovascular disease, have led to a significant increase in hospitalizations and rising public health expenditure, setting a trend that will become unsustainable in the next decades, even in the most developed countries. These epidemiological data have underlined the need for prevention campaigns and urged researchers and clinicians to develop new and more specific treatments able to slow down the progression of chronic kidney disease towards dialysis...
November 2008: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
T B Pulimood, G R Park
The benefit of albumin administration in the critically ill patient is unproven. Epidemiological evidence suggests that there is an increase in death among patients with burns, hypoalbuminaemia, and hypotension treated with human albumin solution (HAS). In critical illness, hypoalbuminaemia is a result of transcapillary leak, decreased synthesis, large volume body fluid losses, and dilution caused by fluid resuscitation. When treating patients with hypoalbuminaemia, efforts must be centred around correction of the underlying disorder rather than reversal of hypoalbuminaemia...
2000: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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