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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747235/journalists-occupational-stress-a-comparative-study-between-reporting-critical-events-and-domestic-news
#1
Susana Monteiro, Alexandra Marques-Pinto
Nowadays, journalism is considered a stressful occupation, not only due to the stress perceived in journalists' daily work but also due to the critical, potentially traumatic events they report. However, research on journalists' occupational stress in both these professional settings is still scarce. This study aims to characterize and compare occupational stress variables perceived by journalists in their daily work and in critical scenarios. Taking the Holistic Model of Occupational Stress by Nelson and Simmons (2003) as a framework, 25 Portuguese journalists, all with experience in reporting critical events, were interviewed on their perceptions of some core variables of the model: occupational stressors, distress and eustress emotional reactions, and the consequences of these experiences on their well-being...
July 27, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742763/implementation-of-a-national-workplace-wellness-program-for-health-workers-in-botswana
#2
Jenny H Ledikwe, Bazghina-Werq Semo, Miram Sebego, Maureen Mpho, Heather Mothibedi, Shreshth Mawandia, Gabrielle O'Malley
: The Botswana workplace wellness program (WWP) for health care workers (HCWs) was initiated in 2007. WWP implementation was assessed using a sequential, explanatory, mixed methods design including a national implementation assessment (27 health districts) and in-depth interviews (n = 38). Level of implementation varied across districts with health screening, therapeutic recreation, and health promotion implemented more frequently than occupational health activities and psychosocial services. Facilitators to WWP implementation included establishment of a dedicated, diverse WWP committee; provision of administrative support, and integration of activities into organizational culture...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720611/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#3
Tariro J Basera, Jabulani Ncayiyana, Mark E Engel
INTRODUCTION: Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) remains a major public health problem and one of the major contributors to the pool of active tuberculosis cases. The true burden of LTBI in Africa is not known. Early modelling studies estimate that over 33% of the world's population is infected with latent tuberculosis. We propose conducting a systematic review and a meta-analysis to evaluate the burden and risk factors of LTBI in Africa reported in studies from 2000 to 2017. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will include cross-sectional studies, cohort studies and case-control studies estimating either tuberculin skin test (TST) or interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) confirmed prevalence of LTBI and associated risk factors among people in African countries...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692016/time-well-spent-patient-industry-and-occupation-data-collection-in-emergency-departments
#4
Jennifer A Taylor, Shannon A Widman, Samantha J James, Judith Green-McKenzie, Cydney McGuire, Erica J Harris
OBJECTIVE: No comprehensive national system tracking work-related diseases and injuries exists in the United States. Industry and occupation (I/O) are the missing data elements that would make existing healthcare data useful for occupational health. The authors previously petitioned the National Uniform Billing Committee (NUBC) to adopt I/O standards for states to consider during their healthcare data rulemaking processes. METHODS: The NUBC asked for a pilot study to ascertain the potential burden...
August 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671913/the-consequences-of-whistle-blowing-an-integrative-review
#5
Charmaine R Lim, Melvyn W B Zhang, Syeda F Hussain, Roger C M Ho
BACKGROUND: Whistle-blowing provides an avenue for healthcare workers to express their concerns when there is a breach of patients' safety. Most healthcare organizations have policies in place to prevent reprisals on whistle-blowers. Despite these protective measures, whistle-blowing often leads to negative consequences. METHODS: A search of articles on whistle-blowing was conducted on MEDLINE (PubMed). Articles were included if they described the consequences of whistle-blowing in the following 3 areas: medical, nursing, and research/pharmaceutical research (Fig...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671240/positive-mental-health-and-prevalence-of-psychological-ill-being-in-university-nursing-professors-in-catalonia-spain
#6
Barbara Hurtado-Pardos, Carmen Moreno-Arroyo, Irma Casas, Teresa Lluch-Canut, Mar Lleixà-Fortuño, Mariona Farrés-Tarafa, Juan Roldán-Merino
The aim of the current study was to examine the prevalence of psychological ill-being among university nursing professors in Spain and determine their grade of positive mental health. A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2013 to December 2013 with a sample of 263 university nursing professors. Sociodemographic and occupational variables, as well as variables related to daily habits and lifestyle, were collected. Psychological ill-being was measured using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and positive mental health was evaluated with the Positive Mental Health Questionnaire (PMHQ)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665839/does-implementation-follow-design-a-case-study-of-a-workplace-health-promotion-program-using-the-4-s-program-design-and-the-pipe-impact-metric-evaluation-models
#7
Antti Hermanni Äikäs, Nicolaas P Pronk, Mirja Hannele Hirvensalo, Pilvikki Absetz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the content of a multiyear market-based workplace health promotion (WHP) program and to evaluate design and implementation processes in a real-world setting. METHODS: Data was collected from the databases of the employer and the service provider. It was classified using the 4-S (Size, Scope, Scalability, and Sustainability) and PIPE Impact Metric (Penetration, Implementation) models. Data analysis utilized both qualitative and quantitative methods...
August 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609433/prioritising-action-on-occupational-carcinogens-in-europe-a-socioeconomic-and-health-impact-assessment
#8
J W Cherrie, S Hutchings, M Gorman Ng, R Mistry, C Corden, J Lamb, A Sánchez Jiménez, A Shafrir, M Sobey, M van Tongeren, L Rushton
BACKGROUND: Work-related cancer is an important public health issue with a large financial impact on society. The key European legislative instrument is the Carcinogens and Mutagens Directive (2004/37/EC). In preparation for updating the Directive, the European Commission commissioned a study to provide a socioeconomic, health and environmental impact assessment. METHODS: The evaluation was undertaken for 25 preselected hazardous substances or mixtures. Estimates were made of the number of cases of cancer attributable to workplace exposure, both currently and in the future, with and without any regulatory interventions, and these data were used to estimate the financial health costs and benefits...
July 11, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558904/depression-in-diabetes-mellitus-a-comprehensive-systematic-review-of-literature-from-an-indian-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Subrata Naskar, Robin Victor, Kamal Nath
Diabetes and depression are rapidly growing chronic health conditions that have significant negative impact upon the physical, psychological, social and occupational functioning, quality of life and often leads to socio-economic burden. Presence of both these comorbid diseases results in various short term and long term complications and increases the mortality as compared to those with depression or diabetes alone. OBJECTIVES: Systematic review of the epidemiological data, risk factors and relationship between depression and glycaemic control among the Indian studies...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535398/nurses-occupational-physical-activity-levels-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Stephanie E Chappel, Simone J J M Verswijveren, Brad Aisbett, Julie Considine, Nicola D Ridgers
BACKGROUND: Nurses' physical performance at work has implications both for nurses' occupational health and patient care. Although nurses are the largest healthcare workforce, are present 24-hours a day, and engage in many physically demanding tasks, nurses' occupational physical activity levels are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to examine nurses' occupational physical activity levels, and explore how nurses accumulate their physical activity during a shift...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499004/rehabilitation-research-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-moving-the-field-forward-executive-summary
#11
Walter R Frontera, Jonathan F Bean, Diane Damiano, Linda Ehrlich-Jones, Melanie Fried-Oken, Alan Jette, Ranu Jung, Rick L Lieber, James F Malec, Michael J Mueller, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Keith E Tansey, Aiko Thompson
Approximately 53 million Americans live with a disability. For decades, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been conducting and supporting research to discover new ways to minimize disability and enhance the quality of life of people with disabilities. After the passage of the American With Disabilities Act, the NIH established the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research with the goal of developing and implementing a rehabilitation research agenda. Currently, a total of 17 institutes and centers at NIH invest more than $500 million per year in rehabilitation research...
April 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499003/national-institutes-of-health-research-plan-on-rehabilitation-nih-medical-rehabilitation-coordinating-committee
#12
Ann O'Mara, Julia H Rowland, Thomas N Greenwell, Cheri L Wiggs, Jerome Fleg, Lyndon Joseph, Joan McGowan, James S Panagis, Charles Washabaugh, Grace C Y Peng, Rosalina Bray, Alison N Cernich, Theresa H Cruz, Sue Marden, Mary Ellen Michel, Ralph Nitkin, Louis Quatrano, Catherine Y Spong, Lana Shekim, Teresa L Z Jones, Denise Juliano-Bult, David M Panchinson, Daofen Chen, Lyn Jakeman, Ann Knebel, Lois A Tully, Leighton Chan, Diane Damiano, Biao Tian, Pamela McInnes, Partap Khalsa, Eve Reider, David Shurtleff, William Elwood, Rachel Ballard, Abby G Ershow, Lisa Begg
One in five Americans experiences disability that affects their daily function because of impairments in mobility, cognitive function, sensory impairment, or communication impairment. The need for rehabilitation strategies to optimize function and reduce disability is a clear priority for research to address this public health challenge. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently published a Research Plan on Rehabilitation that provides a set of priorities to guide the field over the next 5 years. The plan was developed with input from multiple Institutes and Centers within the NIH, the National Advisory Board for Medical Rehabilitation Research, and the public...
April 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481370/employment-outcomes-for-people-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
Viviana R Carmona, Juana Gómez-Benito, Tania B Huedo-Medina, J Emilio Rojo
Access to employment plays a critical role in the recovery and functioning of people with schizophrenia. We have investigated the effectiveness of treatments to enhance employment outcomes for people with schizophrenia and evaluated the potential moderators of these outcomes. A literature search was conducted in CINAHL, Cochrane Databases, MEDLINE, ProQuest XML, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science. Grey literature databases, references lists of the retrieved articles and specialized journals in the field were also inspected...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435812/scientometrics-on-public-health-research-in-iran-increase-of-area-studies-despite-embargoes-a-review-article
#14
REVIEW
Brice Poreau
BACKGROUND: Due to embargoes and sanctions from 1979 until 2015, impact on scientific research in Iran may be critical. Public health is the main example of this burning point. In this paper, the aim was to map the scientific research in public health in Iran until 2014 with area studies as well as networks of countries involved. METHODS: We used bibliographic analyses using VOS viewer software for network analysis during the period 1975-2014. Two databases were used: Web of Science and PubMed...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355648/the-health-of-european-populations-introduction-to-the-special-supplement-on-the-2014-european-social-survey-ess-rotating-module-on-the-social-determinants-of-health
#15
Jason Beckfield, Mirza Balaj, Courtney L McNamara, Tim Huijts, Clare Bambra, Terje A Eikemo
This introduction summarizes the main findings of the Supplement 'Social inequalities in health and their determinants' to the European Journal of Public Health. The 16 articles that constitute this supplement use the new ESS (2014) health module data to analyze the distribution of health across European populations. Three main themes run across these articles: documentation of cross-national variation in the magnitude and patterning of health inequalities; assessment of health determinants variation across populations and in their contribution to health inequalities; and the examination of the effects of health outcomes across social groups...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287674/factors-associated-with-psychotropic-medication-use-in-individuals-in-brazilian-primary-health-care-units-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#16
Paulo Celso Prado Telles Filho, Tatiana Longo Borges, Assis do Carmo Pereira, Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Rebecca O Shasanmi, Fernanda Raphael Escobar Gimenes, Adriana Inocenti Miasso
The current descriptive, cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the rate of psychotropic medication use and its association with sociodemographic factors, pharmacotherapy, health history, and presence of common mental disorders in individuals in Brazilian primary health care (PHC) units. A sample of 442 individuals was interviewed in 10 PHC units. Tools used included a structured questionnaire and the Self Reporting Questionnaire-20. The rate of psychotropic medication use was 38.7%. Demographic characteristics associated with psychotropic medication use were age 60 or older with common mental disorders and physical illness, a primary-level education or less, no occupation, and family income greater than three times the minimum wage...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237960/feasibility-and-effect-of-home-based-therapy-programmes-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#17
L W M E Beckers, M L A P Schnackers, Y J Janssen-Potten, J Kleijnen, B Steenbergen
INTRODUCTION: Given the promising advantages of upper extremity home-based programmes in children with cerebral palsy (CP), a systematic review of the available literature on this topic is warranted. The purpose of the systematic review described in this protocol is to investigate currently available home-based occupational therapy and physiotherapy programmes regarding both their feasibility and effect. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This protocol describes a systematic review, developed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182452/correction-to-kinnunen-et-al-2016
#18
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Linking Boundary Crossing from Work to Nonwork to Work-Related Rumination across Time: A Variable- and Person-Oriented Approach" by Ulla Kinnunen, Taru Feldt, Jessica de Bloom, Marjaana Sianoja, Kalevi Korpela and Sabine Geurts (Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Apr 28, 2016, np). In the original article, there were errors in "The Present Study" section and in the "Identifying Subgroups of Boundary Crossing Behavior Across Time" subsection of the "Results" section...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160533/a-summary-of-environmental-health-studies-in-the-city-of-ostrava-and-the-surrounding-region-in-the-czech-republic
#19
REVIEW
Hana Tomášková, Ivan Tomášek, Pavla Polaufová, Hana Šlachtová, Jana Janoutová, Vítězslav Jiřík, Vladimír Janout
AIM: This study is concerned with environmental health studies conducted in Ostrava (Czech Republic) and the surrounding region since the early nineties. METHODS: Various databases, journals and reports, including internal or unpublished reports, were reviewed to assess the individual publications. A brief description of the studies and main results were collated. RESULTS: The city of Ostrava and the surrounding region is an important industrial centre in the Czech Republic with a long-term heavy environmental and occupational disease burden...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150996/the-state-of-the-heart-emotional-labor-as-emotion-regulation-reviewed-and-revised
#20
Alicia A Grandey, Robert C Melloy
Emotional labor has been an area of burgeoning research interest in occupational health psychology in recent years. Emotional labor was conceptualized in the early 1980s by sociologist Arlie Hochschild (1983) as occupational requirements that alienate workers from their emotions. Almost 2 decades later, a model was published in Journal of Occupational Health Psychology (JOHP) that viewed emotional labor through a psychological lens, as emotion regulation strategies that differentially relate to performance and wellbeing...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
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