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horners syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343589/dramatic-extremity-temperature-increase-and-horner-s-syndrome-after-stellate-ganglion-block
#1
Omar Viswanath, Musa Aner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334520/invited-commentary-evaluation-of-horner-syndrome-in-the-mri-era
#2
Aki Kawasaki
This Invited Commentary discusses the following article: BACKGROUND:: To identify the etiologies of adult Horner syndrome (HS) in the MRI era using a targeted evaluation approach and to assess the value and yield of targeted imaging. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of 200 adult outpatients with HS, confirmed with cocaine eyedrop testing. Patients were divided into subgroups based on the presence or absence of symptoms and those who did or did not receive additional testing with hydroxyamphetamine drops...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333828/-congenital-horner-syndrome-case-report
#3
Romina B Vera Olivera, Loreley FernándezI, Ana P Arias, Diego Ballarino, Andrea Jara
Horner syndrome is characterized by the following triad of clinical signs: miosis, ptosis and facial anhidrosis. In addition, iris heterochromia, conjunctival injection, facial erythema, congestive nasal mucosa and apparent enophthalmos secondary to the reduction of the palpebral fissure can appear. It is caused by an interruption of the sympathetic pathway that extends from the hypothalamus to the orbit. Because there is no decussation, the signs are homolateral to the lesion. Traditionally, it is classified as congenital and acquired...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329469/pigment-dispersion-syndrome-mimicking-congenital-horner-syndrome
#4
Bao Khanh Tran, Aki Kawasaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326377/lymphatic-malformation-with-acquired-horner-syndrome-in-an-infant
#5
Birgit Spors, Joerg Seemann, Natalie Homer, Aaron Fay
An infant presented with right upper eyelid ptosis and was subsequently diagnosed with acquired Horner syndrome. Further evaluation revealed a right-sided cervicothoracic lymphatic malformation. At 13 weeks of age, the child underwent percutaneous intracystic sclerotherapy with a mixture of sodium tetradecyl sulphate and ethanol. Twenty-one weeks after initial treatment, ophthalmic examination showed complete resolution of the blepharoptosis and pupillary miosis. Percutaneous sclerotherapy not only effectively treated the space-occupying lymphatic malformation but also reversed the Horner syndrome that was presumably induced by neural tension (more likely) or compression...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325920/twenty-four-syndrome-an-untold-presentation-of-pontine-hemorrhage
#6
Ummer Karadan, Ramesh N Supreeth, Robin George Manappallil, Chellenton Jayakrishnan
Pontine hemorrhages are relatively uncommon. Various atypical manifestations of pontine stroke like eight-and-a-half syndrome, fifteen-and-a-half syndrome, and sixteen syndrome have been described in the past. We came across a case of pontine bleed that presented with bilateral facial palsy, bilateral horizontal gaze palsy, and contralateral sensorineural hearing loss accounting to the hitherto not described "twenty-four syndrome" with Horner's syndrome and left hemiparesis.
January 8, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310374/horner-syndrome-as-a-postoperative-complication-after-minimally-invasive-video-assisted-thyroidectomy-a-case-report
#7
Xiaolei Hu, Xiaomei Zhang, Huaiyong Gan, Dajun Yu, Weihua Sun, Zhaoming Shi
RATIONALE: Horner syndrome is an unusual complication after thyroidectomy. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of Horner syndrome in a 34-year-old female patient with Graves disease associated with papillary thyroid carcinoma who underwent left-side minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy and neck dissection. DIAGNOSIS: Horner syndrome was diagnosed based on left myosis, eyelid ptosis, and mild enophthalmos, which developed in the patient on postoperative day 2...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275604/-prevention-and-treatment-of-horner-syndrome-in-treatment-of-head-and-face-hyperhidrosis-by-thoracic-sympathetic-nerve-modulation
#8
Q Y Liu, B Huang, Y J Chen, M Yao, L Zhang, Y Fei, K Y Xie, K An, C Y Zhu
Objective: By summarize the Prevention and Treatment of Horner Syndrome of CT-guided thoracic sympathetic nerve modulation in the treatment of head and face Hyperhidrosis, reduce the occurrence of the complications. Methods: A retrospective analysis was made on 116 patients of CT-guided thoracic sympathetic nerve modulation in the treatment of head and face Hyperhidrosis in The First Hospital of Jiaxing from January 2010 to December 2016. Analysis the reasons of Horner syndrome and external management to sum up the corresponding prevention and treatment measures...
December 12, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260849/horner-syndrome-a-clinical-review
#9
Timothy J Martin
Horner syndrome results from an interruption of the oculosympathetic pathway. Patients with Horner syndrome present with a slightly droopy upper lid and a smaller pupil on the affected side; less commonly, there is a deficiency of sweating over the brow or face on the affected side. This condition does not usually cause vision problems or other significant symptoms, but is important as a warning sign that the oculosympathetic pathway has been interrupted, potentially with serious and even life-threatening processes...
December 20, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260095/hypertensive-retinopathy-as-the-initial-presentation-of-neuroblastoma
#10
Anna Djougarian, Sylvia Kodsi
Purpose: To describe a case of a patient who presented with hypertensive retinopathy and was found to have neuroblastoma. Observations: Neuroblastoma has three main ocular presentations. As a primary disease, it can present with a paraneoplastic syndrome in the form of opsoclonus, or it can present as a Horner's syndrome from its effect on the cervical sympathetic ganglia. Metastatic disease can present as a triad of periorbital edema, ecchymosis and proptosis from orbital bone involvement...
September 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260078/reversal-of-carotid-dissection-induced-ocular-and-cerebral-ischemia-by-stenting
#11
Daniel L Albertus, Baldassare Pipitone, Ashok Srinivasan, Jonathan D Trobe
Purpose: To present an example of how close clinical monitoring of a patient with acute Horner syndrome from carotid artery dissection may be critical in reversing neurologic dysfunction. Observations: A patient whose initial neuro-ophthalmic manifestation was Horner syndrome, but who evolved over 14 days to display transient monocular vision loss, ipsilateral ocular ischemic syndrome, and episodic contralateral hemiparesis. Digital subtraction angiography demonstrated progressive ipsilateral carotid occlusion with lack of collateral flow...
September 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250689/anatomic-variants-in-dandy-walker-complex
#12
Maria Claudia Jurcă, Kinga Kozma, CodruŢa Diana Petcheşi, Marius Bembea, Ovidiu Laurean Pop, Gabriela MuŢiu, Mihaela Cristiana Coroi, Alexandru Daniel Jurcă, Luciana Dobjanschi
Dandy-Walker complex (DWC) is a malformative association of the central nervous system. DWC includes four different types: Dandy-Walker malformation (vermis agenesis or hypoplasia, cystic dilatation of the fourth ventricle and a large posterior fossa); Dandy-Walker variant (vermis hypoplasia, cystic dilatation of the fourth ventricle, normal posterior fossa); mega cysterna magna (large posterior fossa, normal vermis and fourth ventricle) and posterior fossa arachnoid cyst. We present and discuss four cases with different morphological and clinical forms of the Dandy-Walker complex...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244686/high-thoracic-disc-herniation-causing-horner-syndrome-with-the-intraoperative-finding-of-conjoined-nerve-root-compression-a-case-report
#13
Amit K Bhandutia, Zachary Zuzek, Matthew J Schessler, Nestor D Tomycz, Daniel T Altman
CASE: A 29-year-old man presented with right medial arm pain with paresthesia, as well as right-sided ptosis, miosis, and anhidrosis. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a right paracentral disc herniation at the T1-T2 level. The patient underwent a hemilaminectomy with a medial facetectomy through a posterolateral approach to the T1-T2 disc space, followed by a discectomy. Intraoperative findings were notable for a conjoined nerve root. CONCLUSION: Although high thoracic disc herniation is rare, its diagnosis should be considered when patients present with radicular arm pain and Horner syndrome...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240575/horner-syndrome-as-the-only-focal-neurologic-manifestation-of-hypothalamic-hemorrhage
#14
Cansu B Sahin, Neeraj Chaudhary, Jonathan D Trobe
A 70-year-old woman suffered an anterior dorsal hypothalamic hemorrhage that caused an ipsilateral Horner syndrome (HS) as the only focal neurologic manifestation. This is only the second reported case of hypothalamic hemorrhage producing HS. Because HS was the sole focal neurologic manifestation, its confirmation with topical apraclonidine drops was a valuable clue toward prompt localization of the patient's confusional state.
December 12, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221280/transmanubrial-osteomuscular-sparing-approach-for-resection-of-cervico-thoracic-lesions
#15
Xufeng Pan, Chang Gu, Rui Wang, Heng Zhao, Jun Yang, Jianxin Shi
Background: To review our experience of transmanubrial osteomuscular sparing approach (TMA) for resection of various lesions involving the thoracic inlet and to prove the feasibility and safety of the approach. Methods: Retrospective review of 58 consecutive cases, from April 2007 to January 2016, with surgical resection of cervico-thoracic lesions via TMA. Results: There were 22 neurogenic tumors, 21 bronchogenic tumors, and 15 other cases in the study...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215661/-horner-s-syndrome-an-unusual-ophthalmological-presentation-of-hodgkin-lymphoma
#16
C Abascal Azanza, R Abarzuza Cortaire, P Plaza Ramos
Horner's Syndrome (HS) is a neurological syndrome characterised by the triad incomplete pupillary miosis, palpebral ptosis and facial anhidrosis, due to a lesion of the oculosympathetic pathway, formed of three neurons from the hipothalamus to the eye. Identifying its cause is a diagnostic challenge since in spite of its apparent lack of clinical importance, HS can be the first or only manifestation of a serious, or even potentially mortal disorder. We present the case of a 19-year-old male patient with a history of nonspecific ocular pains of two months evolution...
December 7, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212584/horner-syndrome-in-2-pigs-sus-scrofa-after-vascular-grafting-of-the-carotid-artery-and-jugular-vein
#17
Gabrielle C Musk, Martyn King, Bulang He
The term Horner syndrome refers to the clinical presentation of oculosympathoparesis, comprising miosis, ptosis, and facial anhydrosis. To date, there are 2 reports of postoperative Horner syndrome in pigs. In this species the cervical sympathetic chain and cranial cervical sympathetic ganglion are consistently within the carotid artery sheath. This case study describes the sudden onset of Horner syndrome in 2 pigs, from a study cohort of 8, after the placement of a vascular graft between the carotid artery and external jugular vein...
December 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209025/oblique-corpectomy-in-the-cervical-spine
#18
Tomasz Tykocki, Łukasz A Poniatowski, Marcin Czyz, Guy Wynne-Jones
STUDY DESIGN: A narrative review. OBJECTIVES: A literature review of studies reporting on the application of oblique corpectomy (OC) in various pathologies of the cervical spine. SETTING: UK. METHODS: A search was carried out using the PubMed and Google Scholar up to 18 March 2017. Finally, 26 studies met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: A multilevel OC shows good clinical outcomes in various pathologies in the cervical spine...
December 5, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142793/a-ruptured-extra-dural-spinal-arterio-venous-malformation-presenting-as-horner-s-syndrome-the-first-case-report
#19
Sunil Munakomi
We report the first case of a young patient who presented with the features of Horner's syndrome following a spinal extradural hematoma resulting from a ruptured arterio-venous malformation (AVM). Since there were features of early compressive myelopathy as well, urgent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the spine revealed features suggestive of an extradural hematoma in the cervico-thoracic junction. The patient underwent an emergent laminectomy with an evacuation of the hematoma. The histological features were consistent with that of an AVM...
September 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137067/harlequin-syndrome-and-horner-syndrome-after-neck-schwannoma-excision-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-report
#20
Dong Hoon Lee, Jong Yuap Seong, Tae Mi Yoon, Joon Kyoo Lee, Sang Chul Lim
RATIONALE: Harlequin syndrome is an extremely rare benign condition characterized by unilateral facial flushing and sweating. PATIENT CONCERN: An 11-year-old boy presented with complaint of a right neck mass of 1-month duration. DIAGNOSIS: The preoperative diagnosis was neurogenic tumor of vagus nerve or sympathetic nerve. INTERVENTIONS: We performed right neck mass removal under general anesthesia. OUTCOMES: We report a case of harlequin syndrome associated with Horner syndrome in an 11-year boy who underwent excision of right neck schwannoma...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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