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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136221/facial-flushing-after-alcohol-intake-as-a-predictor-for-a-high-risk-of-synchronous-or-metachronous-cancer-of-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract
#1
Hiroyuki Harada, Shogo Shinohara, Shinji Takebayashi, Masahiro Kikuchi, Keizo Fujiwara, Tetsuhiko Michida, Ryosuke Yamamoto, Kazuki Hayashi, Koji Saida, Yasushi Naito
Background: In Japan, there has been a lot of reports showing an association between facial flushing after light alcohol consumption and heterozygosity for inactive aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2). Persons with inactive ALDH2 may have a higher risk of alcohol-related oral, pharyngeal and esophageal cancers, compared with those with wild-type ALDH2. The purpose of this study was to examine whether flushers with oral or pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma have an increased risk of synchronous or metachronous cancer of the upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract...
November 9, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122828/referrals-to-a-perinatal-specialist-palliative-care-consult-service-in-ireland-2012-2015
#2
Des L McMahon, Marie Twomey, Maeve O'Reilly, Mary Devins
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the referral patterns of perinatal patients referred to a specialist palliative care service (SPCS), their demographics, diagnoses, duration of illness, place of death and symptom profile. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of all perinatal referrals over a 4-year period to the end of 2015. SETTING: A consultant-led paediatric SPCS at Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Crumlin, Dublin, and the Coombe Women & Infants University Hospital, Dublin...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105958/additivity-of-nebivolol-valsartan-single-pill-combinations-versus-other-single-pill-combinations-for-hypertension
#3
Jack Ishak, Michael Rael, Henry Punzi, Alan Gradman, Lynn M Anderson, Mehul Patel, Sanjida Ali, William Ferguson, Joel Neutel
The single-pill combination (SPC) comprising nebivolol (5 mg), a vasodilatory β1 -selective antagonist/β3 -agonist, and valsartan (80 mg), a renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitor, is the only Food and Drug Administration-approved β-blocker/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitor SPC for hypertension. Additive effects of four nebivolol/valsartan SPC doses (5 mg/80 mg, 5/160 mg, 10/160 mg, 10/320 mg nebivolol/valsartan) were compared with five Food and Drug Administration-approved non-β-blocker/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitor SPCs (aliskiren/hydrochlorothiazide, aliskiren/amlodipine, valsartan/amlodipine, aliskiren/valsartan, and telmisartan/amlodipine)...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065867/the-relative-risk-of-second-primary-cancers-in-austria-s-western-states-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Oliver Preyer, Nicole Concin, Andreas Obermair, Hans Concin, Hanno Ulmer, Willi Oberaigner
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors are at risk of developing a second primary cancer (SPC) later in life because of persisting effects of genetic and behavioural risk factors, the long-term sequelae of chemotherapy, radiotherapy and the passage of time. This is the first study with Austrian data on an array of entities, estimating the risk of SPCs in a population-based study by calculating standardized incidence ratios (SIRs). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all invasive incident cancer cases diagnosed within the years 1988 to 2005 being registered in the Tyrol and Vorarlberg Cancer Registries...
October 24, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050967/role-of-k-channels-in-regulating-spontaneous-activity-in-the-muscularis-mucosae-of-guinea-pig-bladder
#5
Ken Lee, Ayu Isogai, Minori Antoh, Shunichi Kajioka, Masatoshi Eto, Hikaru Hashitani
To explore the roles of various K(+) channels in regulating the spontaneous activity of bladder muscularis mucosae (MM) that is considered to play an important role in maintaining mucosal function. Effects of K(+) channel modulators on electrical and contractile activity in the guinea-pig bladder MM were examined using intracellular microelectrode and isometric tension recording. The MM predominately generated bursting spontaneous action potentials (SAPs) and phasic contractions (SPCs) that were blocked by nifedipine (1µM)...
October 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049166/safety-of-potassium-bearing-citrate-in-patients-with-renal-transplantation-a-case-report
#6
Lin Wang, Yinglin Cui, Jianwei Zhang, Qinsheng Zhang
RATIONALE: Urinary lithiasis is one of severe postoperative complications in patients undergoing renal transplantation, possibly leading to anuria, urinary infection, or even acute renal failure. Potassium sodium hydrogen citrate (PSHC), a potassium-bearing citrate, is commonly prescribed to prevent stone formation. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 25-year-old man (patient 1) and a 31-year-old man (patient 2) receiving renal transplantation for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were enrolled in this study...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022902/differential-regulation-of-spermatogenic-process-by-lkb1-isoforms-in-mouse-testis
#7
Feifei Kong, Mei Wang, Xiaojing Huang, Qiuling Yue, Xiang Wei, Xiaowei Dou, Xiaoxu Peng, Yuanyuan Jia, Ke Zheng, Tinghe Wu, Jun Yan, Jing Li
Liver serine/threonine kinase B1 (LKB1) is a tumor suppressor associated with the pathogenesis of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. Affected males are at increased risk of developing Sertoli cell tumors and display defective spermatogenesis. Male mice lacking the short isoform (Lkb1S) of Lkb1 were sterile and exhibited abnormal spermiogenesis. In addition to the short isoform, the long isoform of Lkb1 (Lkb1L) is also expressed in testis; however, the requirement of the long isoform for fertility and the functional difference between the isoforms remain unknown...
October 12, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917627/molecular-and-functional-characterization-of-cd133-stem-progenitor-cells-infused-in-patients-with-end-stage-liver-disease-reveals-their-interplay-with-stromal-liver-cells
#8
Lucia Catani, Daria Sollazzo, Elisa Bianchi, Marilena Ciciarello, Chiara Antoniani, Licia Foscoli, Paolo Caraceni, Ferdinando Antonino Giannone, Maurizio Baldassarre, Rosaria Giordano, Tiziana Montemurro, Elisa Montelatici, Antonia D'Errico, Pietro Andreone, Valeria Giudice, Antonio Curti, Rossella Manfredini, Roberto Massimo Lemoli
BACKGROUND AIMS: Growing evidence supports the therapeutic potential of bone marrow (BM)-derived stem/progenitor cells for end-stage liver disease (ESLD). We recently demonstrated that CD133(+) stem/progenitor cell (SPC) reinfusion in patients with ESLD is feasible and safe and improve, albeit transiently, liver function. However, the mechanism(s) through which BM-derived SPCs may improve liver function are not fully elucidated. METHODS: Here, we characterized the circulating SPCs compartment of patients with ESLD undergoing CD133(+) cell therapy...
September 13, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885475/project-hands-a-bundled-approach-to-increase-short-peripheral-catheter-dwell-time
#9
Judybeth Crowell, Karen OʼNeil, Leslie Drager
Increasing short peripheral catheter (SPC) dwell time is becoming common practice. A number of variables lead to unscheduled restarts and significant complications with SPCs. Preventing complications is important to patient outcomes as dwell time increases. This quality improvement project compared the use of a manufactured securement device versus tape and transparent occlusive dressing while instituting a standardized insertion and care bundle with a 96-hour dwell time. Major findings included no statistically significant difference in restart rates in SPCs secured with a device compared with those secured with tape and transparent occlusive dressing (P = ...
September 2017: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843176/risk-of-second-primary-cancers-among-patients-with-a-first-primary-gastric-cancer-a-population-based-study-in-north-portugal
#10
Samantha Morais, Luís Antunes, Maria José Bento, Nuno Lunet
BACKGROUND: The growing number of incident cases of gastric cancer along with improved survival result in a rising population of survivors at risk of second primary cancers (SPC). We estimated the cumulative incidence of metachronous (diagnosed >2months after first primary cancer [FPC]) SPC in gastric FPC patients and compared the incidence of metachronous SPC with that expected in the general population. METHODS: A cohort of gastric FPC patients from the North Region Cancer Registry of Portugal, diagnosed in 2000-2006 (n=7427) was followed to 31 December 2010 for synchronous and metachronous SPCs...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821668/sensory-biased-and-multiple-demand-processing-in-human-lateral-frontal-cortex
#11
Abigail L Noyce, Nishmar Cestero, Samantha W Michalka, Barbara G Shinn-Cunningham, David C Somers
The functionality of much of human lateral frontal cortex (LFC) has been characterized as "multiple demand" (MD) as these regions appear to support a broad range of cognitive tasks. In contrast to this domain-general account, recent evidence indicates that portions of LFC are consistently selective for sensory modality. Michalka et al. (2015) reported two bilateral regions that are biased for visual attention, superior precentral sulcus (sPCS) and inferior precentral sulcus (iPCS), interleaved with two bilateral regions that are biased for auditory attention, transverse gyrus intersecting precentral sulcus (tgPCS) and caudal inferior frontal sulcus (cIFS)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815572/risk-of-second-primary-cancers-in-women-diagnosed-with-endometrial-cancer-in-german-and-swedish-cancer-registries
#12
Tianhui Chen, Hermann Brenner, Mahdi Fallah, Lina Jansen, Felipe A Castro, Karla Geiss, Bernd Holleczek, Alexander Katalinic, Sabine Luttmann, Kristina Sundquist, Meike Ressing, Leiting Xu, Kari Hemminki
Along with the increasing incidence and favorable prognosis, more women diagnosed with endometrial cancer may develop second primary cancers (SPCs). We aimed at investigating risk of SPCs after endometrial cancer in Germany and Sweden to provide insight into prevention strategies for SPCs. Endometrial cancer patients diagnosed at age ≥15 years in Germany during 1997-2011 and in Sweden nationwide during 1997-2012 were selected. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs), calculated as the ratio of observed to expected numbers of cases, were used to assess the risk of a specific second cancer after endometrial cancer for both German and Swedish datasets...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803917/sca1-cells-from-the-heart-possess-a-molecular-circadian-clock-and-display-circadian-oscillations-in-cellular-functions
#13
Bastiaan C Du Pré, Evelyne J Demkes, Dries A M Feyen, Pieterjan Dierickx, Sandra Crnko, Bart J M Kok, Joost P G Sluijter, Pieter A Doevendans, Marc A Vos, Toon A B Van Veen, Linda W Van Laake
Stem cell antigen 1-positive (SCA1(+)) cells (SPCs) have been investigated in cell-based cardiac repair and pharmacological research, although improved cardiac function after injection has been variable and the mode of action remains unclear. Circadian (24-hr) rhythms are biorhythms regulated by molecular clocks that play an important role in (patho)physiology. Here, we describe (1) the presence of a molecular circadian clock in SPCs and (2) circadian rhythmicity in SPC function. We isolated SPCs from human fetal heart and found that these cells possess a molecular clock based on typical oscillations in core clock components BMAL1 and CRY1...
September 12, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743940/the-burdens-of-lung-cancer-involved-multiple-primary-cancers-and-its-occurring-patterns-seer-analysis-between-1973-and-2006
#14
Rui Mao, Tao Chen, Fangyu Zhou, Weili Jiang, Xiaorong Yang, Zisheng Ai, Mu Li, Linlin Qin, Long Wang, Ke Fei, Chang Chen
The prognosis of malignancies has improved in recent years, subsequent primary cancers (SPCs) have become more frequent. This study investigates the patterns of lung cancer involved multiple primary cancers. We enrolled 206,619 primary lung cancer patients and 2,071,922 patients with other primary malignancies from Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. Observed annual risk (OAR) and absolute numbers were used to describe the risk of SPC and observed cases of SPC per 10,000 person-years at risk...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739472/toll-like-receptor-4-signaling-improved-the-migration-of-sca-1-stem-progenitor-cells
#15
Ying Huang, Chunya Zhang, Jinghua Shen, Xiaogang Zhang, Jianqing Du, Daifu Zhang
Atherosclerosis is considered as a chronic inflammatory process, during which macrophages and smooth muscle cells migrate into the vascular wall intima to initiate atherogenesis. Stem/progenitor cells (SPCs) have been demonstrated as a new source of monocytes/macrophages and smooth muscle cells (SMCs). However, the regulation of SPCs migration into atherosclerotic initiation sites to produce macrophages and SMCs in-situis not fully elucidated. As toll-like receptor (TLRs) signaling plays essential role in migration of immunocytes, we wanted to explore the expression and function of TLRs in SPCs in detail...
July 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707354/additive-neurogenesis-supported-by-multiple-stem-cell-populations-mediates-adult-spinal-cord-development-a-spatiotemporal-statistical-mapping-analysis-in-a-teleost-model-of-indeterminate-growth
#16
Ruxandra F Sîrbulescu, Iulian Ilieş, Annette Meyer, Günther K H Zupanc
The knifefish Apteronotus leptorhynchus exhibits indeterminate growth throughout adulthood. This phenomenon extends to the spinal cord, presumably through the continuous addition of new neurons and glial cells. However, little is known about the developmental dynamics of cells added during adult growth. The present work characterizes the structural and functional development of the adult spinal cord in this model organism through a comprehensive quantitative analysis of the spatial and temporal dynamics of new cells at various developmental stages...
July 13, 2017: Developmental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702716/can-the-pulmonary-artery-wedge-pressure-be-used-reliably-as-a-surrogate-for-the-left-atrial-mean-pressure-in-pre-fontan-evaluation
#17
Bassel Mohammad Nijres, Ra-Id Abdulla, Sawsan Awad, Joshua Murphy
The correlation between mean pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP) and left atrial mean pressure (LAMP) has been poorly studied in patients with single ventricle (SV) physiology (Bernstein et al. in Pediatr Cardiol 33: 15-20 2012). The aim of this study is to determine if the PAWP can be used safely as a surrogate to the LAMP to calculate the pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) during the pre-Fontan evaluation. Also, we aimed to understand if the presence of significant systemic-to-pulmonary collaterals (SPCs) is a confounding factor for accurate estimation of the LAMP...
July 12, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701658/drosophila-dock-family-protein-zizimin-involves-in-pigment-cell-differentiation-in-pupal-retinae
#18
Fumito Ozasa, Kazushige Morishita, Ngoc Anh Suong Dang, Seiji Miyata, Hideki Yoshida, Masamitsu Yamaguchi
The dedicator of cytokinesis (DOCK) family proteins are known as one of guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs), that contribute to cellular signaling processes by activating small G proteins. Although mammalian Zizimin is known to be a GEF for Cdc42 of Rho family small GTPase, its role in vivo is not well understood. Here we studied in vivo function of Drosophila Zizimin (Ziz). Knockdown of Ziz in eye imaginal discs induced the rough eye phenotype accompanied with fusion of ommatidia, loss of bristles and loss of pigments...
July 13, 2017: Cell Structure and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662852/ionic-liquid-functionalization-of-semi-packed-columns-for-high-performance-gas-chromatographic-separations
#19
Bishnu P Regmi, Ryan Chan, Masoud Agah
Gas chromatography columns fabricated using microelectromechanical system (MEMS) technology provide a number of clear advantages. However, successful deposition of stationary phases having a wide application range remains an important technical challenge. In this paper, we report, for the first time, on the deposition of room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs)-a versatile class of stationary phases-inside the channels of semi-packed columns (SPCs) for high-performance gas chromatographic separation of complex chemical mixtures...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588272/mechanism-of-superior-luminescent-and-high-efficiency-photocatalytic-properties-of-eu-doped-calcium-aluminate-by-low-cost-self-propagating-combustion-synthesis-technique
#20
Jiancun Rao, Yujin Wang, Wen Wang, Hua Ke, Yechen Li, Yang Zhao, Zhiliang Diao, Dechang Jia, Yu Zhou
Eu-doped calcium aluminate was synthesized via the low-cost self-propagating combustion synthesis (SPCS) technique, whose phase constitutions were identified as Ca9Al6O18 and Ca3Al2O6. The Ca(2+) ions in Ca9Al6O18 rather than Ca3Al2O6 phase were replaced by Eu(3+) ions. The product exhibits the superior luminescent property and photocatalytic activity, which may find potential applications in the display devices and environment treatments.
June 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
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