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signal peptidase

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918746/escherichia-coli-signal-peptidase-recognizes-and-cleaves-archaeal-signal-sequence
#1
Majida Atta Muhammad, Samia Falak, Naeem Rashid, Qurra-Tul-Ann Afza Gardner, Nasir Ahmad, Tadayuki Imanaka, Muhammad Akhtar
Tk1884, an open reading frame encoding α-amylase in Thermococcus kodakarensis, was cloned with the native signal sequence and expressed in Escherichia coli. Heterologous gene expression resulted in secretion of the recombinant protein to the extracellular culture medium. Extracellular α-amylase activity gradually increased after induction. Tk1884 was purified from the extracellular medium, and its molecular mass determined by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry indicated the cleavage of a few amino acids...
July 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916383/heterologous-expression-and-structure-function-relationship-of-low-temperature-and-alkaline-active-protease-from-acinetobacter-sp-ihb-b-5011-mn12
#2
Richa Salwan, Vivek Sharma, Mohinder Pal, Ramesh Chand Kasana, Sudesh Kumar Yadav, Arvind Gulati
The gene encoding protease from Acinetobacter sp. IHB B 5011(MN12) was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The nucleotide sequence revealed 1323bp ORF encoding 441 amino acids protein with molecular weight 47.2kDa. The phylogenetic analysis showed clustering of Alp protease with subtilisin-like serine proteases of S8 family. The amino acid sequence was comprised of N-terminal signal peptide 1-21 amino acids, pre-peptide 22-143 amino acids, peptidase S8 domain 144-434 amino acids, and pro-peptide 435-441 amino acids at C-terminus...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912645/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-exendin-4-through-modulation-of-ib1-jip1-expression-and-jnk-signaling-in-stroke
#3
Soojin Kim, Jaewon Jeong, Hye-Seon Jung, Bokyung Kim, Ye-Eun Kim, Da-Sol Lim, So-Dam Kim, Yun Seon Song
Glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) stimulates glucose-dependent insulin secretion. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, which block inactivation of GLP-1, are currently in clinical use for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Recently, GLP-1 has also been reported to have neuroprotective effects in cases of cerebral ischemia. We therefore investigated the neuroprotective effects of GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist, exendin-4 (ex-4), after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. Transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) was induced in rats by intracerebroventricular (i...
August 2017: Experimental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900038/socs1-is-an-inducible-negative-regulator-of-ifn-lambda-induced-gene-expression-in-vivo
#4
Tanja Blumer, Mairene Coto-Llerena, Francois H T Duong, Markus H Heim
Type I (α and β) and type III (λ) interferons (IFNs) are induced upon viral infection through host sensory pathways that activate IFN regulatory factors (IRFs) and nuclear factor κB. Secreted IFNs induce autocrine and paracrine signalling through the JAK-Stat pathway leading to the transcriptional induction of hundreds of IFN stimulated genes (ISGs), amongst them sensory pathway components such as cGAS, STING, RIG-I, MDA5 and the transcription factor IRF7 that enhance the induction of IFNαs and IFNλss...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883483/serpinb2-is-a-novel-tgf%C3%AE-responsive-lineage-fate-determinant-of-human-bone-marrow-stromal-cells
#5
Mona Elsafadi, Muthurangan Manikandan, Muhammad Atteya, Raed Abu Dawud, Sami Almalki, Zahid Ali Kaimkhani, Abdullah Aldahmash, Nehad M Alajez, Musaad Alfayez, Moustapha Kassem, Amer Mahmood
TGF-β1, a multifunctional regulator of cell growth and differentiation, is the most abundant bone matrix growth factor. During differentiation of human bone stromal cells (hBMSCs), which constitute bone marrow osteoblast (OS) and adipocyte (AD) progenitor cells, continuous TGF-β1 (10 ng/ml) treatment enhanced OS differentiation as evidenced by increased mineralised matrix production. Conversely, pulsed TGF-β1 administration during the commitment phase increased mature lipid-filled adipocyte numbers. Global gene expression analysis using DNA microarrays in hBMSCs treated with TGF-β1 identified 1587 up- and 1716 down-regulated genes in OS-induced, TGF-β1-treated compared to OS-induced hBMSCs (2...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880474/%C3%AE-cell-signalling-and-insulin-secretagogues-a-path-for-improved-diabetes-therapy
#6
REVIEW
Susumu Seino, Kenji Sugawara, Norihide Yokoi, Harumi Takahashi
Insulin secretagogues including sulfonylureas, glinides and incretin-related drugs such as dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists are widely used for treatment of type 2 diabetes. In addition, glucokinase activators and G-protein-coupled receptor 40 (GPR40) agonists also have been developed, although the drugs are not clinically usable. These different drugs exert their effects on insulin secretion by different mechanisms. Recent advances in β-cell signalling studies have not only deepened our understanding of insulin secretion but also revealed novel mechanisms of insulin secretagogues...
September 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869408/involvement-of-signal-peptidase-i-in-streptococcus-sanguinis-biofilm-formation
#7
Jessica Aynapudi, Fadi El-Rami, Xiuchun Ge, Victoria Stone, Bin Zhu, Todd Kitten, Ping Xu
Biofilm accounts for 65-80 % of microbial infections in humans. Considerable evidence links biofilm formation by oral microbiota to oral disease and consequently systemic infections. Streptococcus sanguinis, a Gram-positive bacterium, is one of the most abundant species of the oral microbiota and it contributes to biofilm development in the oral cavity. Due to its altered biofilm formation, we investigated a biofilm mutant, ΔSSA_0351, that is deficient in type I signal peptidase (SPase) in this study. Although the growth curve of the ΔSSA_0351 mutant showed no significant difference from that of the wild-type strain SK36, biofilm assays using both microtitre plate assay and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) confirmed a sharp reduction in biofilm formation in the mutant compared to the wild-type strain and the paralogous mutant ΔSSA_0849...
September 4, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869249/glp-1-and-the-kidney-from-physiology-to-pharmacology-and-outcomes-in-diabetes
#8
REVIEW
Marcel H A Muskiet, Lennart Tonneijck, Mark M Smits, Michaël J B van Baar, Mark H H Kramer, Ewout J Hoorn, Jaap A Joles, Daniël H van Raalte
The gastrointestinal tract - the largest endocrine network in human physiology - orchestrates signals from the external environment to maintain neural and hormonal control of homeostasis. Advances in understanding entero-endocrine cell biology in health and disease have important translational relevance. The gut-derived incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is secreted upon meal ingestion and controls glucose metabolism by modulating pancreatic islet cell function, food intake and gastrointestinal motility, amongst other effects...
September 4, 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845526/serine-peptidase-inhibitor-kazal-type-i-spink1-promotes-brl-3a-cell-proliferation-via-p38-erk-and-jnk-pathways
#9
Cuifang Chang, Weiming Zhao, Yaru Luo, Lingling Xi, Shasha Chen, Congcong Zhao, Gaiping Wang, Jianlin Guo, Cunshuan Xu
Serine peptidase inhibitor Kazal type I (SPINK1) has the similar spatial structure as epidermal growth factor (EGF); EGF can interact with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) to promote proliferation in different cell types. However, whether SPINK1 can interact with EGFR and further regulate the proliferation of hepatocytes in liver regeneration remains largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of SPINK1 in a rat liver hepatocyte line of BRL-3A in vitro. The results showed the upregulation of endogenous Spink1 (gene addition) significantly increased not only the cell viability, cell numbers in S and G2 /M phase, but also upregulated the genes/proteins expression related to cell proliferation and anti-apoptosis in BRL-3A...
August 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835638/shared-genetic-variants-for-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-and-typical-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-east-asians
#10
Qiao Fan, Chui Ming Gemmy Cheung, Li Jia Chen, Kenji Yamashiro, Jeeyun Ahn, Augustinus Laude, Ranjana Mathur, Chan Choi Mun, Ian Y Yeo, Tock Han Lim, Yik-Ying Teo, Chiea Chuen Khor, Kyu-Hyung Park, Nagahisa Yoshimura, Chi Pui Pang, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng
Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), a subtype of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) more frequently seen in East Asians, has both common and distinct clinical manifestations with typical neovascular AMD (tAMD). We aim to examine the extent to which common genetic variants are shared between these two subtypes. We performed the meta-analysis of association in a total of 1062 PCV patients, 1157 tAMD patients and 5275 controls of East Asian descent from the Genetics of AMD in Asians Consortium at the 34 known AMD loci...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828521/recombinant-lactococcus-lactis-expressing-bioactive-exendin-4-to-promote-insulin-secretion-and-beta-cell-proliferation-in-vitro
#11
Zhu Zeng, Rui Yu, Fanglei Zuo, Bo Zhang, Huiqin Ma, Shangwu Chen
In recent years, therapeutic peptides have garnered great interest in the pharmaceutical industry for the treatment of diabetes. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are an appealing vehicle for safe and convenient oral delivery of bioactive peptide and protein drugs. Exendin-4 (Exd4) is a glucagon-like protein-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist that is considered an excellent therapeutic peptide drug for type 2 diabetes due to its longer-lasting bioactivity, resulting from resistance to dipeptidyl peptidase 4. We explored Lactococcus lactis with the nisin-controlled gene expression (NICE) system as an oral delivery system for recombinant (r) Exd4 peptide in situ...
August 21, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821623/proteolytic-cleavage-by-the-imp-complex-or-oct1-peptidase-controls-the-localization-of-the-yeast-peroxiredoxin-prx1-to-distinct-mitochondrial-compartments
#12
Fernando Gomes, Flavio Romero Palma, Mario H Barros, Eduardo T Tsuchida, Helena G Turano, Thiago G P Alegria, Marilene Demasi, Luis E S Netto
Yeast Prx1 is a mitochondrial 1-Cys peroxiredoxin that catalyzes the reduction of endogenously generated H2O2 Prx1 is synthesized on cytosolic ribosomes as a preprotein with a cleavable N-terminal presequence that is the mitochondrial targeting signal, but the mechanisms underlying Prx1 distribution to distinct mitochondrial subcompartments are unknown. Here, we provide direct evidence of the following dual mitochondrial localization of Prx1: a soluble form in the intermembrane space and a form in the matrix weakly associated with the inner mitochondrial membrane...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821458/dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-and-quorum-sensing-signaling-in-biofilm-related-virulence-of-prevotella-aurantiaca
#13
Dareen Fteita, Ahmed Ali Musrati, Eija Könönen, Xiaochu Ma, Mervi Gürsoy, Markus Peurla, Eva Söderling, Herman O Sintim, Ulvi Kahraman Gürsoy
Biofilm formation and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) enzyme activity contribute to the virulence of oral bacteria, and these virulence factors are partly regulated by quorum sensing signaling system. We recently demonstrated that estradiol regulates growth properties and DPPIV activity of Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella nigrescens, and Prevotella pallens. Here, we examined the DPPIV dependency of biofilm formation of Prevotella aurantiaca. Three strains (two clinical strains AHN 37505 and 37552 and the type strain CCUG 57723) were incubated in three estradiol concentrations (30, 90, and 120 nmol/L)...
August 15, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820612/the-potential-of-signal-peptide-peptidase-as-a-therapeutic-target-for-hepatitis-c
#14
REVIEW
Kohji Moriishi
Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes liver steatosis, cirrhosis, metabolic syndrome with inflammation, and eventually leads to hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV core protein is a well-known capsid protein and pathogenic factor related to lipid accumulation, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and carcinogenesis. Cleavage of the C-terminal transmembrane region by signal peptide peptidase (SPP) is required for maturation of the core protein. Areas covered: Herein, this review details the general aspects of the structure, lifecycle, pathogenesis, and maturation of the HCV core protein, the function of SPP, and clinically available direct-acting antivirals (DAAs)...
September 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811708/involvement-of-crf2-signaling-in-enterocyte-differentiation
#15
Benjamin Ducarouge, Marjolaine Pelissier-Rota, Rebecca Powell, Alain Buisson, Bruno Bonaz, Muriel Jacquier-Sarlin
AIM: To determine the role of corticotropin releasing factor receptor (CRF2) in epithelial permeability and enterocyte cell differentiation. METHODS: For this purpose, we used rat Sprague Dawley and various colon carcinoma cell lines (SW620, HCT8R, HT-29 and Caco-2 cell lines). Expression of CRF2 protein was analyzed by fluorescent immunolabeling in normal rat colon and then by western blot in dissociated colonic epithelial cells and in the lysates of colon carcinoma cell lines or during the early differentiation of HT-29 cells (ten first days)...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807765/sglt2-inhibitor-and-dpp-4-inhibitor-improve-brain-function-via-attenuating-mitochondrial-dysfunction-insulin-resistance-inflammation-and-apoptosis-in-hfd-induced-obese-rats
#16
Piangkwan Sa-Nguanmoo, Pongpan Tanajak, Sasiwan Kerdphoo, Thidarat Jaiwongkam, Wasana Pratchayasakul, Nipon Chattipakorn, Siriporn C Chattipakorn
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (vildagliptin) has been shown to exert beneficial effects on insulin sensitivity and neuroprotection in obese-insulin resistance. Recent studies demonstrated the neuroprotection of the sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor (dapagliflozin) in diabetes. However, the comparative effects of both drugs and a combination of two drugs on metabolic dysfunction and brain dysfunction impaired by the obese-insulin resistance have never been investigated. Forty male Wistar rats were divided into two groups, and received either a normal-diet (ND, n=8) or a high-fat diet (HFD, n=32) for 16weeks...
August 12, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799229/sitagliptin-mediated-preservation-of-endothelial-progenitor-cell-function-via-augmenting-autophagy-enhances-ischaemic-angiogenesis-in-diabetes
#17
Xiaozhen Dai, Jun Zeng, Xiaoqing Yan, Qian Lin, Kai Wang, Jing Chen, Feixia Shen, Xuemei Gu, Yuehui Wang, Jun Chen, Kejian Pan, Lu Cai, Kupper A Wintergerst, Yi Tan
Recently, the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor sitagliptin, a major anti-hyperglycaemic agent, has received substantial attention as a therapeutic target for cardiovascular diseases via enhancing the number of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). However, the direct effects of sitagliptin on EPC function remain elusive. In this study, we evaluated the proangiogenic effects of sitagliptin on a diabetic hind limb ischaemia (HLI) model in vivo and on EPC culture in vitro. Treatment of db/db mice with sitagliptin (Januvia) after HLI surgery efficiently enhanced ischaemic angiogenesis and blood perfusion, which was accompanied by significant increases in circulating EPC numbers...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790917/effect-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-on-bone-metabolism-and-the-possible-underlying-mechanisms
#18
REVIEW
Yinqiu Yang, Chenhe Zhao, Jing Liang, Mingxiang Yu, Xinhua Qu
Diabetes mellitus has been demonstrated to be closely associated with osteoporosis. Accordingly, hypoglycemic therapy is considered effective in treating metabolic bone disease. Recently, the effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, a new type of antidiabetic drug, on bone metabolism have been widely studied. This review mainly describes the effects of DPP-4 inhibitors on bone metabolism, including their effects on bone mineral density, bone quality, and fracture risk. In addition, the potential underlying mechanisms are discussed...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771933/impact-of-clinical-evidence-communications-and-drug-regulation-changes-concerning-rosiglitazone-on-prescribing-patterns-of-antidiabetic-therapies
#19
Yoojin Noh, Dae Ryong Kang, Dae Jung Kim, Kwang Jae Lee, Sukhyang Lee, Sooyoung Shin
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular safety alerts about rosiglitazone resulted in regulatory actions in several countries in 2010, but the Food and Drug Administration eliminated access restrictions in 2013, reflecting new evidence concerning the drug safety. We investigated the effects of safety signals and regulation shifts concerning rosiglitazone on prescribing of antidiabetic drugs (ADs). METHODS: Patient data were extracted from the Korean health insurance claims database for 2007 to 2015...
August 3, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771625/inhibition-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-ameliorates-cardiac-ischemia-and-systolic-dysfunction-by-up-regulating-the-fgf-2-egr-1-pathway
#20
Masayoshi Suda, Ippei Shimizu, Yohko Yoshida, Yuka Hayashi, Ryutaro Ikegami, Goro Katsuumi, Takayuki Wakasugi, Yutaka Yoshida, Shujiro Okuda, Tomoyoshi Soga, Tohru Minamino
Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors are used worldwide in the management of diabetes, but their role in the prevention or treatment of cardiovascular disorders has yet to be defined. We found that linagliptin, a DPP-4 inhibitor, suppressed capillary rarefaction in the hearts of mice with dietary obesity. Metabolomic analysis performed with capillary electrophoresis/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) showed that linagliptin promoted favorable metabolic remodeling in cardiac tissue, which was characterized by high levels of citrulline and creatine...
2017: PloS One
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