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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449292/oral-health-beliefs-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-northern-california-american-indian-and-alaska-native-mothers-regarding-early-childhood-caries
#1
Brenda Heaton, Andrew Crawford, Raul I Garcia, Michelle Henshaw, Christine A Riedy, Judith C Barker, Maureen A Wimsatt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors related to early childhood caries (ECC) risk in a convenience sample of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mothers residing in rural Northern California communities. METHODS: Fifty-three mothers of young children were recruited from three tribal communities in Northern California with the assistance of the California Rural Indian Health Board, Inc. and its California Tribal Epidemiology Center and Dental Support Center...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446178/inequality-in-unmet-dental-care-needs-among-south-korean-adults
#2
Nayoung Kim, Chang-Yup Kim, Hosung Shin
BACKGROUND: The current public health research agenda was to identify the means to reduce oral health inequalities internationally. The objectives of this study were to provide evidence of inequality in unmet dental needs and to find influencing factors attributable to those among South Korean adults. METHODS: Pooled cross-sectional data from the fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2009) on 17,141 Korean adults were used. Demographic factors (sex, age, and marital status), socioeconomic factors (education level, employment status, and income level), need factors (normative dental needs and self-perceived oral health status), and oral health-related factors (the number of decayed teeth, the presence of periodontitis, and the number of missing teeth) were included...
April 26, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444552/income-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-prostate-cancer-patients-over-a-one-year-period-after-radical-prostatectomy-a-linear-mixed-model-analysis
#3
Jens Klein, Daniel Lüdecke, Kerstin Hofreuter-Gätgens, Margit Fisch, Markus Graefen, Olaf von dem Knesebeck
PURPOSE: To examine income-related disparities in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) over a one-year period after surgery (radical prostatectomy) and its contributory factors in a longitudinal perspective. Evidence of associations between income and HRQOL among patients with prostate cancer (PCa) is sparse and their explanations still remain unclear. METHODS: 246 males of two German hospitals filled out a questionnaire at the time of acute treatment, 6 and 12 months later...
April 25, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444529/-we-deserve-better-perceptions-of-hiv-testing-campaigns-among-black-and-latino-msm-in-new-york-city
#4
Kathryn Drumhiller, Ashley Murray, Zaneta Gaul, Tiffiany M Aholou, Madeline Y Sutton, Jose Nanin
In 2014, Black/African-American and Hispanic/Latino men who have sex with men (BLMSM) comprised 64.1% of HIV diagnoses among MSM in the U.S. Routine HIV testing allows earlier diagnosis, linkage to care, and improved health outcomes. HIV testing campaigns may increase HIV awareness and testing behaviors, but perceptions of these campaigns by BLMSM have been understudied. We explored perceptions of HIV testing campaigns with BLMSM in New York City (NYC) to inform campaign strategies that target BLMSM for HIV testing...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444470/sexual-orientation-differences-in-health-and-wellbeing-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada-findings-from-a-national-cohort-study
#5
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Ying Wang, Angela Kaida, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Kath Webster, Tracey Conway, Mona Loutfy
Sexual orientation differences in health and wellbeing among women living with HIV (WLH) are underexplored. Limited research available, however, suggests that sexual minority WLH may experience barriers to HIV care. Cross-sectional baseline data was analyzed from a Canadian cohort study with WLH (sexual minority women [SMW]: n = 180; heterosexual women: n = 1240). SMW (median age 38 years, IQR 13) included bisexual (58.9%), lesbian (17.8%) and other sexualities (23.3%). In multivariable analyses adjusting for age, poverty, education, and ethnicity, SMW identity was associated with increased odds of: clinical (80% vs...
April 25, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444155/hospitalization-rates-among-people-with-hiv-aids-in-new-york-city-2013
#6
Rachael Lazar, Laura Kersanske, Qiang Xia, Demetre Daskalakis, Sarah L Braunstein
Background: Hospitalizations are an important indicator of health care quality and access for people with HIV/AIDS. This study assesses hospitalization rates among people with HIV/AIDS in New York City. Methods: We performed a deterministic match between people in the New York City HIV surveillance registry alive as of 1/1/2013 and diagnosed with HIV as of 12/31/2013 and patient-level inpatient hospitalization records during 2013. Event-level data were analyzed to determine characteristics of and reasons for hospitalizations...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443342/catalyzing-implementation-of-evidence-based-interventions-in-safety-net-settings-a-clinical-community-partnership-in-south-los-angeles
#7
Denise D Payán, David C Sloane, Jacqueline Illum, Roberto B Vargas, Donzella Lee, Lark Galloway-Gilliam, LaVonna B Lewis
This study is a process evaluation of a clinical-community partnership that implemented evidence-based interventions in clinical safety net settings. Adoption and implementation of evidence-based interventions in these settings can help reduce health disparities by improving the quality of clinical preventive services in health care settings with underserved populations. A clinical-community partnership model is a possible avenue to catalyze adoption and implementation of interventions amid organizational barriers to change...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441685/stagnant-physical-therapy-referral-rates-alongside-rising-opioid-prescription-rates-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-in-the-united-states-1997-2010
#8
Patricia Zheng, Ming-Chih Kao, Nicholas V Karayannis, Matthew Smuck
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study utilizing the National Ambulatory and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys between 1997 and 2010. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize national physical therapy (PT) referral trends during primary care provider (PCP) visits in the United States. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Despite guidelines recommending PT for the initial management of low back pain (LBP), national PT referral rates remain low...
May 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439903/did-health-care-reform-help-kentucky-address-disparities-in-coverage-and-access-to-care-among-the-poor
#9
Joseph A Benitez, E Kathleen Adams, Eric E Seiber
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of Kentucky's full rollout of the Affordable Care Act on disparities in access to care due to poverty. DATA SOURCE: Restricted version of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for Kentucky and years 2011-2015. STUDY DESIGN: We use a difference-in-differences framework to compare trends before and after implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in health insurance coverage, several access measures, and health care utilization for residents in higher versus lower poverty ZIP codes...
April 25, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439179/big-data-science-opportunities-and-challenges-to-address-minority-health-and-health-disparities-in-the-21st-century
#10
Xinzhi Zhang, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Philip E Bourne, Emmanuel Peprah, O Kenrik Duru, Nancy Breen, David Berrigan, Fred Wood, James S Jackson, David W S Wong, Joshua Denny
Addressing minority health and health disparities has been a missing piece of the puzzle in Big Data science. This article focuses on three priority opportunities that Big Data science may offer to the reduction of health and health care disparities. One opportunity is to incorporate standardized information on demographic and social determinants in electronic health records in order to target ways to improve quality of care for the most disadvantaged populations over time. A second opportunity is to enhance public health surveillance by linking geographical variables and social determinants of health for geographically defined populations to clinical data and health outcomes...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439178/hispanic-residential-isolation-adhd-diagnosis-and-stimulant-treatment-among-medicaid-insured-youth
#11
Dinci Pennap, Mehmet Burcu, Daniel J Safer, Julie M Zito
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate a conceptual framework that assessed the effect of Hispanic residential isolation on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) health service utilization among 2.2 million publicly insured youth. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Medicaid administrative claims data for ambulatory care services from a US Pacific state linked with US census data. PARTICIPANTS: Youth, aged 2-17 years, continuously enrolled in 2009...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439175/foreword-big-data-and-its-application-in-health-disparities-research
#12
EDITORIAL
Eberechukwu Onukwugha, O Kenrik Duru, Emmanuel Peprah
The articles presented in this special issue advance the conversation by describing the current efforts, findings and concerns related to Big Data and health disparities. They offer important recommendations and perspectives to consider when designing systems that can usefully leverage Big Data to reduce health disparities. We hope that ongoing Big Data efforts can build on these contributions to advance the conversation, address our embedded assumptions, and identify levers for action to reduce health care disparities...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438375/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-pediatric-readmissions-for-common-chronic-conditions
#13
Kavita Parikh, Jay Berry, Matt Hall, Grant M Mussman, Amanda Montalbano, Joanna Thomson, Rustin Morse, Karen M Wilson, Samir S Shah
OBJECTIVE: To compare the timing and magnitude of variation of pediatric readmission rates across race/ethnicity for selected chronic conditions: asthma, diabetes, seizures, migraines, and depression. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of hospitalizations at 48 children's hospitals in the 2013 Pediatric Health Information System database for children (ages 0-18 years) admitted for asthma (n = 36 910), seizure (n = 35 361), diabetes (n = 12 468), migraine (n = 5882), and depression (n = 5132)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437868/early-mortality-and-overall-survival-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-based-on-facility-type
#14
Vijaya R Bhatt, Valerie Shostrom, Smith Giri, Krishna Gundabolu, K M Monirul Islam, Frederick R Appelbaum, Lori J Maness
Cancer health disparities may exist based on the facility type. We aimed to determine the association between the academic status of centers and outcomes of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Using the National Cancer Data Base, we compared one-month mortality and longer-term overall survival (OS) of 60,738 patients with AML, who received first course treatment between 2003-2011 at academic or non-academic centers (community cancer program, comprehensive community cancer program, and others). Multivariate analysis was done using logistic regression for one-month mortality and Cox regression with backward elimination approach for OS...
April 24, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437523/emergency-department-query-for-patient-centered-approaches-to-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-the-equality-study
#15
Adil H Haider, Eric B Schneider, Lisa M Kodadek, Rachel R Adler, Anju Ranjit, Maya Torain, Ryan Y Shields, Claire Snyder, Jeremiah D Schuur, Laura Vail, Danielle German, Susan Peterson, Brandyn D Lau
Importance: The Institute of Medicine and The Joint Commission recommend routine documentation of patients' sexual orientation in health care settings. Currently, very few health care systems collect these data since patient preferences and health care professionals' support regarding collection of data about patient sexual orientation are unknown. Objective: To identify the optimal patient-centered approach to collect sexual orientation data in the emergency department (ED) in the Emergency Department Query for Patient-Centered Approaches to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity study...
April 24, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435757/beyond-the-ability-to-pay-the-health-status-of-native-hawaiians-and-other-pacific-islanders-in-relationship-to-health-insurance
#16
Ashley K Morisako, Maile Tauali'i, Adrian Jacques H Ambrose, Kelley Withy
Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI) suffer from a number of poor health outcomes, such as high rates of overweight status, obesity, hypertension, and high rates of asthma and cancer mortality. In addition to a disproportionate burden of illness, barriers to health care access and utilization also exist. This study examines the effect of health insurance coverage on the health status of NHOPI in comparison to Asians. To analyze this relationship, the study uses the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) 2012 data and logistic regression...
March 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435755/comparison-of-primary-care-physician-reimbursement-rates-in-the-united-states
#17
Nathan Riley, Kelley Withy, Kevin Rogers, Ragan DuBose-Morris, Tiffany Kurozawa
With a growing shortage of physicians, particularly primary care physicians, the issue of adequate pay in Hawai'i is increasingly important. Anecdotal reports of low pay in Hawai'i have rarely been substantiated. Data from FAIR Health, a company that tracks private insurance reimbursement rates, is compared across the United States (US) for the CPT code 99213. In addition, FAIR Health and Medicare rates are compared for cities with both similar and disparate cost of living to Hawai'i. Hawai'i is in the second lowest quintile for payment in the US for private insurances, and providers are reimbursed significantly lower than in cities with similar cost of living by both Medicare and private insurances...
March 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435342/patient-web-portals-disease-management-and-primary-prevention
#18
REVIEW
Steven S Coughlin, Judith J Prochaska, Lovoria B Williams, Gina M Besenyi, Vahé Heboyan, D Stephen Goggans, Wonsuk Yoo, Gianluca De Leo
BACKGROUND: Efforts aimed at health care reform and continued advances in information technologies have prompted interest among providers and researchers in patient web portals. Patient web portals are password-protected online websites that offer the patients 24-hour access to personal health information from anywhere with an Internet connection. METHODS: This article, which is based upon bibliographic searches in PubMed, reviews important developments in web portals for primary and secondary disease prevention, including patient web portals tethered to electronic medical records, disease-specific portals, health disparities, and health-related community web portals...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434870/maternal-socioeconomic-disadvantage-is-associated-with-transcriptional-indications-of-greater-immune-activation-and-slower-tissue-maturation-in-placental-biopsies-and-newborn-cord-blood
#19
Gregory E Miller, Ann E Borders, Amy H Crockett, Kharah M Ross, Sameen Qadir, Lauren Keenan-Devlin, Adam K Leigh, Paula Ham, Jeffrey Ma, Jesusa M G Arevalo, Linda M Ernst, Steve W Cole
Children from economically disadvantaged families experience worse cognitive, psychiatric, and medical outcomes compared to more affluent youth. Preclinical models suggest some of the adverse influence of disadvantage could be transmitted during gestation via maternal immune activation, but this hypothesis has not been tested in humans. It also remains unclear whether prenatal interventions can mitigate such effects. To fill these gaps, we conducted two studies. Study 1 characterized the socioeconomic conditions of 79 women during pregnancy...
April 20, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434455/creating-a-pediatric-joint-council-to-promote-patient-safety-and-quality-governance-and-accountability-across-johns-hopkins-medicine
#20
Michael Rosen, Brigitta U Mueller, Aaron M Milstone, Denise R Remus, Renee Demski, Peter J Pronovost, Marlene R Miller
BACKGROUND: Large multihospital health systems with multiple children's hospitals are relatively few in number. With a paucity of national pediatric measures for quality and patient safety, there are unique challenges to ensuring consistent levels of care across diverse health care delivery settings. At Johns Hopkins Medicine, a Pediatric Joint Council was created to help ensure high-quality and safe care across a health system encompassing two full-service children's hospitals and two community hospitals with significant pediatric volumes across two states...
May 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
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