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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100761/the-acceptability-of-self-sampled-screening-for-hpv-dna-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Erik J Nelson, Brandy R Maynard, Travis Loux, Jessica Fatla, Rebecca Gordon, Lauren D Arnold
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether or not self-sampled cervical screening for human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA is acceptable and if women prefer self-sampling to clinician-based sampling. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Thirty-seven primary studies obtained through a comprehensive search of six electronic bibliographic databases from 1986 to 2014 and other sources. Search keywords included HPV, screening, DNA testing, vaginal testing, self-collected specimen, self-collected sample, self-sampling, self-screening, preferences and acceptability...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095722/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-relationship-between-antenatal-stressful-life-events-and-postpartum-depression-among-women-in-the-united-states-does-provider-communication-on-perinatal-depression-minimize-the-risk
#2
Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Kristopher Fennie, Stefany Coxe, Purnima Madhivanan, Mary Jo Trepka
OBJECTIVE: Multi-state population-based studies exploring the racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence and correlates of postpartum depression (PPD), which affects 10-20% of women in the US, are rare. The aim of this study was to examine the racial/ethnic disparities in the relationship between antenatal stressful life events and PPD among US women and to explore whether antenatal health care provider communication on perinatal depression was associated with a lower risk. METHODS: Data from the 2009-2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) were used...
January 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094601/recruiting-newly-referred-lung-cancer-patients-to-a-patient-navigator-intervention-paco-lessons-learnt-from-a-pilot-study
#3
Trille Kristina Kjær, Anders Mellemgaard, Marianne Stensøe Oksen, Bo Andreassen Rix, Randi Karlsen, Christoffer Johansen, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of and survival from lung cancer are associated with socioeconomic position, and disparities have been observed in both curative and palliative treatment for lung cancer. 'Patient navigation' is valuable in addressing health disparity, with timely treatment and transition to care. We conducted a pilot study to test the feasibility of a patient navigator program (PAtient COach) for newly diagnosed lung cancer. We present the trial, the findings from the pilot study and discuss factors that might have affected recruitment rates...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093900/who-is-responsible-for-metabolic-screening-for-mental-health-clients-taking-antipsychotic-medications
#4
Tamara Ward, Dianne Wynaden, Karen Heslop
Metabolic syndrome is common in mental health consumer populations, and is linked to cardiovascular disease, stroke and diabetes. Metabolic screening is a way of recognising consumers who are at risk of developing metabolic syndrome but internationally screening rates remain low. A retrospective audit was completed at one Australian public mental health service on the case files of 100 randomly selected consumers to determine nurses level of compliance with metabolic screening policies over a 12 month period...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093703/african-american-and-caribbean-born-men-s-perceptions-of-prostate-cancer-fear-and-facilitators-for-screening-behavior-a-pilot-study
#5
Ewan K Cobran, Jori N Hall, William D Aiken
This study describes how a concurrent exploratory mixed methodology (CEMM) approach was used to investigate perceptions of prostate cancer (CaP) fear and facilitators of screening behavior in African-American (AA) and Caribbean-born (CB) black men for instrument development. A quantitative paper-based questionnaire was modified, adapted, and administered to participants from the Personal Integrative Model of Prostate Cancer Disparity Survey and the Powe Fatalism Inventory. Focus groups and individual interviews were conducted and analyzed using thematic analysis...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092967/disparities-in-dental-health-of-rural-australians-hospitalisation-rates-and-utilisation-of-public-dental-services-in-three-communities-in-north-queensland
#6
Karen Carlisle, Sarah Larkins, Felicity Croker
INTRODUCTION: The oral health of rural Australians continues to lag behind that of those living in metropolitan areas. Research has shown that people living in rural areas are more likely to suffer from dental caries (decay), visit the dentist less often and have poorer access to oral health services. The purpose of the study was to examine hospitalisations for dental conditions and utilisation of public dental services in three rural communities in Queensland compared with the whole of Queensland...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092295/income-family-context-and-self-regulation-in-5-year-old-children
#7
Mengying Li, Jenna L Riis, Sharon R Ghazarian, Sara B Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Self-regulation (SR) is a core aspect of child development with enduring effects on health and wellbeing across the lifespan. Early childhood poverty may shape SR development. This study examined the cross-sectional relationship among family income, family context, and SR in 5-year-old children. METHODS: A total of 140 five-year-old children and their mothers participated in the study. Children completed a battery of SR tasks; mothers completed questionnaires...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090752/urban-rural-disparity-and-determinants-of-delivery-care-utilization-in-oromia-region-ethiopia-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#8
Dinke Kenea, Hunduma Jisha
Low delivery care utilization continues to be a public health problem that significantly contributes to maternal morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries like Ethiopia. The aim of the study is to determine the extent of urban-rural disparity of delivery care utilization and its determinants. A community-based cross-sectional quantitative study supplemented with qualitative data was conducted from February 15 to March 10, 2014. Data were collected from eligible woman using interviewer-guided semistructured questionnaires and focus group discussions...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090398/life-expectancies-in-hawai-i-a-multi-ethnic-analysis-of-2010-life-tables
#9
Yanyan Wu, Kathryn Braun, Alvin T Onaka, Brian Y Horiuchi, Caryn J Tottori, Lynne Wilkens
The objective of this study is to examine longevity disparities in Hawai'i by race/ethnicity and gender based on age-specific death rates in 2010. Abridged life tables for Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, Hawaiians, and Caucasians in Hawai'i are presented for the age groups: <1, 1-4, every 5-year interval from 5-84, and 85+ years for the year of 2010. Death data were provided by the Hawai'i Department of Health Office of Health Status Monitoring, and population data were based on 2010 Census modified based on ethnicity estimates from the Hawai'i Health Survey...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089611/government-s-role-in-promoting-healthy-lifestyle
#10
REVIEW
Laurie Whitsel
Worldwide, poor lifestyle behaviors, including obesity, physical inactivity, and low diet quality, are creating an unstainable burden of chronic disease with disparities across geography, race, income, education, and sex. Government plays an important role in addressing lifestyle behaviors and population health, reducing health disparities and chronic disease. Areas for government involvement include surveillance, research, programming, access to health care, quality assurance and guidelines for diet and physical activity(PA)...
January 13, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089384/-trends-in-social-inequities-in-diabetes-care-in-the-provence-alpes-c%C3%A3-te-d-azur-region-of-france-between-2008%C3%A2-and-2011
#11
L Casanova, H Carrier, A Martin de Vidales, S Cortaredona, P Verger
BACKGROUND: Social inequities in healthcare are known to exist for the management of many chronic diseases in France, including diabetes. The recession that began in 2008 has led to increased income disparities but has it also exacerbated health inequities. The aim of this study was to describe trends in inequities in diabetes-related healthcare between 2008 and 2011 in the PACA region (Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur). METHODS: This analysis used two sources of data: the regional national health insurance fund (PACA region) reimbursement database and the socio-demographic databases of the national statistics office (INSEE) for four full years (2008 to 2011)...
January 11, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089188/barriers-to-providing-maternity-care-to-women-with-physical-disabilities-perspectives-from-health-care-practitioners
#12
Monika Mitra, Lauren D Smith, Suzanne C Smeltzer, Linda M Long-Bellil, Nechama Sammet Moring, Lisa I Iezzoni
BACKGROUND: Women with physical disabilities are known to experience disparities in maternity care access and quality, and communication gaps with maternity care providers, however there is little research exploring the maternity care experiences of women with physical disabilities from the perspective of their health care practitioners. OBJECTIVE: This study explored health care practitioners' experiences and needs around providing perinatal care to women with physical disabilities in order to identify potential drivers of these disparities...
January 3, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088743/socioeconomic-differences-in-adolescent-substance-abuse-treatment-participation-and-long-term-outcomes
#13
Camillia K Lui, Stacy A Sterling, Felicia W Chi, Yun Lu, Cynthia I Campbell
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been consistently linked to poorer access, utilization and outcomes of health care services, but this relationship has been understudied in adolescent substance abuse treatment research. This study examined SES differences in adolescent's treatment participation and long-term outcomes of abstinence and 12-step attendance over five years after treatment. Data are from 358 adolescents (ages 13-18) who were recruited at intake to substance abuse treatment between 2000 and 2002 at four Kaiser Permanente Northern California outpatient treatment programs...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088505/gaps-in-the-public-s-knowledge-about-chronic-pain-representative-sample-of-hispanic-residents-from-five-states
#14
Barbara J Turner, Yuanyuan Liang, Natalia Rodriguez, Melissa A Valerio, Andrea Rochat, Jennifer S Potter, Paula Winkler
: Educating the general public about chronic pain and its care is a national health priority. We evaluated knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs (KAB) of a five-state, population-based sample of Hispanics aged 35-75 without chronic pain, representing over 8.8 million persons. A web-based survey assessed KAB using an adapted version of the Survey of Pain Attitudes-Brief and self-reported knowledge about chronic pain (nothing, a little, a lot). In unweighted analyses of participants (n=346), mean age was 52...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088198/does-equity-in-healthcare-spending-exist-among-indian-states-explaining-regional-variations-from-national-sample-survey-data
#15
Rinshu Dwivedi, Jalandhar Pradhan
BACKGROUND: Equity and justice in healthcare payment form an integral part of health policy and planning. In the majority of low and middle-income countries (LMICs), healthcare inequalities are further aggravated by Out of Pocket Expenditure (OOPE). This paper examines the pattern of health equity and regional disparities in healthcare spending among Indian states by applying Andersen's behavioural model of healthcare utilization. METHODS: The present study uses data from the 66(th) quinquennial round of Consumer Expenditure Survey, of the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO), conducted in 2009-10 by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), Government of India (GoI)...
January 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086853/taking-action-to-reduce-pain-action-study-rationale-design-and-protocol-of-a-randomized-trial-of-a-proactive-telephone-based-coaching-intervention-for-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-among-african-americans
#16
Rozina H Bhimani, Lee J S Cross, Brent C Taylor, Laura A Meis, Steven S Fu, Kelli D Allen, Sarah L Krein, Tam Do, Robert D Kerns, Diana J Burgess
BACKGROUND: Rates of chronic pain are rising sharply in the United States and worldwide. Presently, there is evidence of racial disparities in pain treatment and treatment outcomes in the United States but few interventions designed to address these disparities. There is growing consensus that chronic musculoskeletal pain is best addressed by a biopsychosocial approach that acknowledges the role of psychological and environmental factors, some of which differ by race. METHODS/DESIGN: The primary aim of this randomized controlled trial is to test the effectiveness of a non-pharmacological, self-regulatory intervention, administered proactively by telephone, at improving pain outcomes and increasing walking among African American patients with hip, back and knee pain...
January 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081061/vital-signs-decrease-in-incidence-of-diabetes-related-end-stage-renal-disease-among-american-indians-alaska-natives-united-states-1996-2013
#17
Ann Bullock, Nilka Ríos Burrows, Andrew S Narva, Karen Sheff, Israel Hora, Akaki Lekiachvili, Hannah Cain, David Espey
BACKGROUND: American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) have the highest diabetes prevalence among any racial/ethnic group in the United States. Among AI/AN, diabetes accounts for 69% of new cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), defined as kidney failure treated with dialysis or transplantation. During 1982-1996, diabetes-related ESRD (ESRD-D) in AI/AN increased substantially and disproportionately compared with other racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: Data from the U...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079929/the-impact-of-age-on-psoriasis-health-care-in-germany
#18
A Trettel, C Spehr, A Körber, M Augustin
INTRODUCTION: Inequality between age groups has been demonstrated in the prescription of biologics, yet systematic real-world data about age-related differences in psoriasis care are missing. OBJECTIVE: To investigate disparities in psoriasis characteristics by age groups and to identify potential impact on psoriasis health care. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data analysis included 3,615 patients from the German Psoriasis registry PsoBest, which observes adult patients with moderate to severe psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis (PsA) on systemic treatment over a time period of 10 years...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078921/regional-differences-in-mortality-hospital-discharges-and-primary-care-contacts-for-cardiovascular-disease
#19
Sigridur Haraldsdottir, Sigurdur Gudmundsson, Guđmundur Thorgeirsson, Sigrun H Lund, Unnur A Valdimarsdottir
AIMS: Surveillance of geographical variations in cardiovascular health is important in order to achieve the objectives of reducing regional health disparities. We aimed to explore differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and prevalence of CVD diagnoses made in primary and in-patient care, as well as risk factor distribution by geographic regions (urban/rural) in Iceland. METHODS: From nationwide health registers, we obtained data on CVD mortalities ( N = 7113), primary healthcare CVD contacts ( N = 58,246) and hospital CVD discharges ( N = 14,039), as well as data on CVD risk factors from a national health survey ( N = 5909; response rate 60...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078660/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-diabetes-quality-of-care-the-role-of-healthcare-access-and-socioeconomic-status
#20
Juan R Canedo, Stephania T Miller, David Schlundt, Mary K Fadden, Maureen Sanderson
INTRODUCTION: Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians are disproportionately affected by diabetes. We assessed the state of racial/ethnic disparities in diabetes quality of care in the USA. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data of adults diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes in the nationally representative 2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Differences in adherence to five diabetes quality of care recommendations (HbA1c twice yearly, yearly foot exam, dilated eye exam, blood cholesterol test, and flu vaccination) were examined by race/ethnicity while controlling for three social determinants of health (health insurance status, poverty, and education) and other demographic variables...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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