keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health care disparity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641740/the-power-of-language-nutrition-for-children-s-brain-development-health-and-future-academic-achievement
#1
Lauren Head Zauche, Ashley E Darcy Mahoney, Taylor A Thul, Michael S Zauche, Arianne B Weldon, Jennifer L Stapel-Wax
Language Nutrition, a term created to describe language exposure that is rich in quality and quantity and delivered in the context of social interactions, is crucial for a child's development and is strongly associated with his/her future literacy, academic achievement, and health. However, significant differences in children's early language environments contribute to disparities in their educational and health trajectories. Interventions, including book distribution programs, coaching parents to enrich their child's language environment, and public awareness campaigns, have all been shown to positively influence a child's access to language-rich interactions...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641046/exploring-the-health-needs-of-aging-lgbt-adults-in-the-cape-fear-region-of-north-carolina
#2
Noell L Rowan, Kelsey Beyer
This study explored issues of culturally sensitive health care practice and needs among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender aging adults in coastal North Carolina. Survey data from 2013 to 2015 were analyzed using frequencies and logistic regression on concerns with culturally sensitive health needs for the LGBT aging adult population. Results indicated that the largest problem was a history of being verbally harassed (n = 115; 51.57%) and a need for more culturally sensitive health care provisions. A large majority of participants requested an improvement in offering of LGBT specific social activities (n = 149), recreational activities (n = 116), and art and cultural activities (n = 112)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640800/hiv-testing-linkage-to-hiv-medical-care-and-interviews-for-partner-services-among-youths-61-health-department-jurisdictions-united-states-puerto-rico-and-the-u-s-virgin-islands-2015
#3
Renee Stein, Wei Song, Mariette Marano, Heta Patel, Shubha Rao, Elana Morris
Identifying persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who are unaware of their infection, linking them to HIV medical care, and reducing health disparities are important national goals (1). Of the 8,841 teens and young adults aged 13-24 years (collectively referred to as youths in this report) who received a diagnosis of HIV in 2014, 70% were young men who have sex with men (MSM) (2). In the same year, an estimated 52% of young MSM living with HIV were unaware of their infection compared with 15% among all persons living with HIV (3)...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638747/health-care-disparities-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-a-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Hudaisa Hafeez, Muhammad Zeshan, Muhammad A Tahir, Nusrat Jahan, Sadiq Naveed
About 3.5% Americans identify themselves as lesbian, gay, or bisexual while 0.3% identify themselves as transgender. The LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community belongs to almost every race, ethnicity, religion, age, and socioeconomic group. The LGBT youth are at a higher risk for substance use, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), cancers, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, bullying, isolation, rejection, anxiety, depression, and suicide as compared to the general population. LGBT youth receive poor quality of care due to stigma, lack of healthcare providers' awareness, and insensitivity to the unique needs of this community...
April 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634875/mental-health-care-disparities-now-and-in-the-future
#5
Rahn Bailey, Daphne Sharpe, Tricia Kwiatkowski, Susanne Watson, A Dexter Samuels, Jasmine Hall
In 2014, the USA spent $3 trillion dollars in health care the most per capita in the world. However, the USA lacks universal health coverage, and lags behind other highly developed and wealthy countries in life expectancy (even some "non wealthy" countries have better outcomes). The USA also has deficits in other health outcome measures. Health care costs in the USA continue to rise annually and many patients receive only mediocre care. In addition, clear disparities exist across different communities, socioeconomic groups, and race and ethnicity groups...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633697/capacity-strengthening-through-pre-migration-tuberculosis-screening-programmes-irhwg-experiences
#6
P Douglas, D L Posey, D Zenner, J Robson, I Abubakar, G Giovinazzo
Effective tuberculosis (TB) prevention and care for migrants requires population health-based approaches that treat the relationship between migration and health as a progressive, interactive process influenced by many variables and addressed as far upstream in the process as possible. By including capacity building in source countries, pre-migration medical screening has the potential to become an integral component of public health promotion, as well as infection and disease prevention, in migrant-receiving nations, while simultaneously increasing capabilities in countries of origin...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632532/postpartum-tubal-sterilization-making-the-case-for-urgency
#7
Michael G Richardson, Sarah J Hall, Lisa C Zuckerwise
The parturient who requests postpartum sterilization has given consideration to and has made decisions regarding this aspect of her medical care long before her delivery. She arrives at parturition expecting the postpartum procedure to be performed as intended. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has reaffirmed its opinion that postpartum sterilization is an urgent procedure, owing to the safety and superior effectiveness of tubal sterilization via minilaparotomy in the immediate postpartum period, and the adverse consequences for mothers, babies, and society when the procedure is not actualized as desired and intended...
June 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629358/inequities-in-utilization-of-reproductive-and-maternal-health-services-in-ethiopia
#8
REVIEW
Firew Tekle Bobo, Elias Ali Yesuf, Mirkuzie Woldie
BACKGROUND: Disparities in health services utilization within and between regional states of countries with diverse socio-cultural and economic conditions such as Ethiopia is a frequent encounter. Understanding and taking measures to address unnecessary and avoidable differences in the use of reproductive and maternal health services is a key concern in Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to examine degree of equity in reproductive and maternal health services utilization in Ethiopia. METHOD: Data from Ethiopia demographic health survey 2014 was analyzed...
June 19, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628522/patient-experiences-of-partnering-with-healthcare-professionals-for-hand-hygiene-compliance-a-systematic-review
#9
Samantha Butenko, Craig Lockwood, Alexa McArthur
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections pose a significant risk to patients in acute healthcare settings such as hospitals. Increasingly, patients are encouraged to be active participants and partner with healthcare professionals to positively influence their own safety and overall experience throughout their healthcare journey. Patient-focused safety initiatives include the empowerment of patients to be active partners with healthcare professionals in order to influence the hand hygiene behaviors and compliance of the healthcare professionals providing care to them...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625554/exploring-the-social-determinants-of-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-prenatal-care-utilization-and-maternal-outcome
#10
Alexis Gadson, Eloho Akpovi, Pooja K Mehta
Rates of maternal morbidity and mortality are rising in the United States. Non-Hispanic Black women are at highest risk for these outcomes compared to those of other race/ethnicities. Black women are also more likely to be late to prenatal care or be inadequate users of prenatal care. Prenatal care can engage those at risk and potentially influence perinatal outcomes but further research on the link between prenatal care and maternal outcomes is needed. The objective of this article is to review literature illuminating the relationship between prenatal care utilization, social determinants of health, and racial disparities in maternal outcome...
June 15, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625212/mental-health-service-use-and-need-for-care-of-australians-without-diagnoses-of-mental-disorders-findings-from-a-large-epidemiological-survey
#11
I Bobevski, A Rosen, G Meadows
AIMS: While epidemiological surveys worldwide have found a considerable proportion of people using mental health services not to have a diagnosis of a mental disorder, with possible implications of service overuse, other work has suggested that most people without a current diagnosis who used services exhibited other indicators of need. The aims of the present study were, using somewhat different categorisations than previous work, to investigate whether: (1) Australians without a diagnosis of a mental disorder who used mental health services had other indicators of need; and (2) how rate and frequency of service use in Australia related to level of need, then to discuss the findings in light of recent developments in Australian Mental Health Policy and other epidemiological and services research findings...
June 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624543/impact-of-health-care-insurance-status-on-treatment-outcomes-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#12
Samer A Srour, Michael Machiorlatti, Namali T Pierson, Usman Z Bhutta, Mohamad Cherry, George B Selby, David M Thompson, Sara K Vesely, Carla D Kurkjian
INTRODUCTION: Insurance status has been found to influence treatment outcomes in various solid tumors. Limited data with conflicting results are available in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We examined the impact of health insurance at diagnosis on AML treatment outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All consecutive adult patients (≥ 18 years of age) diagnosed with AML between 2002 and 2011 and followed through August 2013 were included. Survival estimates were calculated by Kaplan-Meier survival curves...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624037/trauma-care-in-a-multiethnic-population-effects-of-being-undocumented
#13
Jonathan M Wyrick, Brittany A Kalosza, George N Coritsidis, Raymond Tse, George Agriantonis
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have shown that undocumented immigrants (UIs) display characteristics of having a low socioeconomic status and are primarily of ethnic minorities. These social determinants of health are known to be associated with diminished health care access and poor clinical outcomes. We therefore investigated the impact of documentation status on the clinical outcomes of patients with traumatic injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of the trauma registry at our safety net institution for all adult patients who were admitted from 2010 to 2014...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622820/diabetes-quality-of-care-and-outcomes-comparison-of-individuals-with-and-without-schizophrenia
#14
Paul Kurdyak, Simone Vigod, Raquel Duchen, Binu Jacob, Thérèse Stukel, Tara Kiran
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with schizophrenia are more likely to develop diabetes than individuals without schizophrenia. The objective of this study was to determine the quality of diabetes care and diabetes-related health outcomes among individuals with and without schizophrenia. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort study. As of April 1, 2011, we identified all individuals with diabetes in Ontario with and without a diagnosis of schizophrenia. The main outcomes were quality of diabetes care (guideline-concordant testing for HbA1c, lipid testing, eye exams) and diabetes-related Emergency Department (ED) visits and hospitalizations between April 1, 2011 and March 31, 2013...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622475/racial-differences-in-the-association-between-maternal-antenatal-depression-and-preterm-birth-risk-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Collette N Ncube, Daniel A Enquobahrie, Amelia R Gavin
BACKGROUND: In the United States, racial/ethnic disparities in preterm birth (PTB) are well documented, but explanations for why the disparity persists remain to be fully explored. We examined racial/ethnic differences in the association of maternal antenatal depression with PTB (<37 completed weeks of gestation) risk. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, participants (n = 2073) included non-Hispanic (NH) black, NH white, Asian, and Hispanic women who received prenatal care at a university obstetric clinic January 2004-March 2010, and delivered at the university's hospital...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621152/racial-disparities-in-health-service-utilization-among-medicare-fee-for-service-beneficiaries-adjusting-for-multiple-chronic-conditions
#16
Krupa Gandhi, Eunjung Lim, James Davis, John J Chen
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial disparities in health services utilization in Hawaii among Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries aged 65 years and above. METHOD: All-cause utilization of inpatient, outpatient, emergency, home health agency, and skilled nursing facility admissions were investigated using 2012 Medicare data. For each type of service, multivariable logistic regression model was used to investigate racial disparities adjusting for sociodemographic factors and multiple chronic conditions...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620723/advances-in-ebi-development-for-diverse-populations-towards-a-science-of-intervention-adaptation
#17
Felipe Gonzalez Castro, Miwa Yasui
This introduction examines major issues and challenges as presented in this special issue of Prevention Science, "Challenges to the Dissemination and Implementation of Evidence Based Prevention Interventions for Diverse Populations." We describe the Fidelity-Adaptation Dilemma that became the origin of dynamic tensions in prevention science. It generated controversies and debates and new perspectives on the dissemination and implementation of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) within diverse populations. The five articles in this special issue address many of these challenges...
June 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619409/student-reflection-papers-on-a-global-clinical-experience-a-qualitative-study
#18
Carmi Z Margolis, Robert M Rohrbaugh, Luisa Tsang, Jennifer Fleischer, Mark J Graham, Anne Kellett, Janet P Hafler
BACKGROUND: Many of the 70,000 graduating US medical students [per year] have reported participating in a global health activity at some stage of medical school. This case study design provided a method for understanding the student's experience that included student's learning about culture, health disparities, exposure and reaction to a range of diseases actually encountered. The broad diversity of themes among students indicated that the GCE provided a flexible, personalized experience...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619025/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-clinician-in-addressing-the-chronic-disease-risk-behaviours-of-community-mental-health-clients-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Caitlin Fehily, Kate Bartlem, John Wiggers, Paula Wye, Richard Clancy, David Castle, Sonia Wutzke, Chris Rissel, Andrew Wilson, Paul McCombie, Fionna Murphy, Jenny Bowman
BACKGROUND: People with a mental illness experience a greater morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases relative to the general population. A higher prevalence of modifiable health risk behaviours such as smoking, poor nutrition, physical inactivity and harmful alcohol consumption contribute substantially to this disparity. Despite clinical practice guidelines recommending that mental health services routinely provide care to address these risk behaviours, the provision of such care is consistently reported to be low internationally and in Australia...
June 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617762/racial-disparities-and-sociodemographic-differences-in-incidence-and-survival-among-pediatric-patients-in-the-united-states-with-primary-liver-cancer-a-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-population-study
#20
Felix Nautsch, Johannes M Ludwig, Minzhi Xing, Kevin M Johnson, Hyun S Kim
BACKGROUND: Primary liver cancer, including Hepatoblastoma (HB) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in pediatric populations is often fatal. The outcomes are poor despite universal health care access in pediatric patients. AIM: We investigated the sociodemographic factors affecting outcomes in pediatric patients with primary liver cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a large population database study of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results cancer registry data from 1973 to 2011...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
keyword
keyword
115015
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"