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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909585/developmental-idealism-body-weight-and-shape-and-marriage-entry-in-transitional-china
#1
Hongwei Xu
New trends toward later and less marriage are emerging in post-reform China. Previous research has examined the changing individual-level socioeconomic and demographic characteristics shaping marriage entry in Chinese adults. Employing a cultural model known as developmental idealism (DI), this study argues that a new worldview specifying an ideal body type has become popular in the West and that this new worldview has been exported to China. This new part of the DI package is likely stratified by gender, has a stronger impact on women than on men, and has likely penetrated urban areas more than rural areas...
April 2016: Chinese Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909061/understanding-socioenvironmental-contributors-to-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-disability-among-older-americans
#2
Allison B Brenner, Philippa J Clarke
Our understanding of the mechanisms through which racial/ethnic disparities in disability in older adults develop and are maintained is limited. We examined the role of physical impairment, socioeconomic factors and health for racial/ethnic disparities in activities of daily living (ADL), and the modifying role of the indoor home environment. Data come from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (N = 5,640), and negative binomial regression models were specified separately for men and women. Blacks and Hispanics reported more ADL difficulty than Whites...
November 30, 2016: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905965/socioeconomic-status-and-self-rated-health-of-japanese-people-based-on-age-cohort-and-period
#3
Hidehiro Sugisawa, Ken Harada, Yoko Sugihara, Shizuko Yanagisawa, Masaya Shinmei
BACKGROUND: Differences in health resulting from differences in socioeconomic status (SES) have been identified around the world. Age, period, and cohort (A-P-C) differences in health are vital factors which are associated with disparities in SES. However, few studies have examined these differences simultaneously. Moreover, although self-rated health (SRH) has been frequently used as an indicator of health, biases in reporting SRH that depend on the socioeconomic characteristics of respondents have been scarcely adjusted in the previous studies...
August 2, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903309/the-rise-and-fall-of-hospitalizations-for-skin-infections-in-new-zealand-2004-2014-trends-by-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-deprivation
#4
A Lim, J Rumball-Smith, R Jones, I Kawachi
Since the 1990s, New Zealand (NZ) has seen an increasing incidence of paediatric skin infections leading to hospitalization. We sought to describe the epidemiology of these infections over time. Hospital discharge data were analysed for all children admitted to any NZ public hospital from 2004 to 2014. We found the age-standardized incidence of hospitalizations due to skin infections increased during this period from 522/100 000 in 2004 to a peak of 644/100 000 in 2011, after which it declined to 524/100 000 in 2014...
December 1, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901627/effects-of-pediatric-asthma-care-coordination-in-underserved-communities-on-parent-perceptions-of-care-and-asthma-management-confidence
#5
Mary R Janevic, Alan P Baptist, Tyra Bryant-Stephens, Marielena Lara, Victoria Persky, Gilberto Ramos-Valencia, Kimberly Uyeda, Rebecca Hazan, Ashley Garrity, Floyd J Malveaux
OBJECTIVE: Disparities by race and socioeconomic status persist in pediatric asthma morbidity, mortality, and treatment. Improving parent/provider communication and parents' asthma-management confidence may result in better asthma control in vulnerable populations. The Merck Childhood Asthma Network, Inc. funded an initiative to implement medical-social care coordination to improve asthma outcomes at sites in four low-income, urban communities (Los Angeles, CA; Philadelphia, PA; Chicago, IL; and San Juan, PR...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899712/disparity-in-report-of-autism-related-behaviors-by-social-demographic-characteristics-findings-from-a-community-based-study-in-taiwan
#6
Peng-Chou Tsai, Rebecca A Harrington, For-Wey Lung, Li-Ching Lee
The Social Communication Questionnaire is one of the most commonly used screening tools for autism spectrum disorder. The Social Communication Questionnaire is a caregiver-reported questionnaire with 40 items based on questions from the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised. This study collected Social Communication Questionnaire data from a community-based, multi-stage case identification design epidemiologic study in one socioeconomically disadvantaged county in Taiwan. The Social Communication Questionnaire was distributed to 3034 school children, aged 6-8 years...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896978/development-and-performance-of-text-mining-algorithms-to-extract-socioeconomic-status-from-de-identified-electronic-health-records
#7
Brittany M Hollister, Nicole A Restrepo, Eric Farber-Eger, Dana C Crawford, Melinda C Aldrich, Amy Non
Socioeconomic status (SES) is a fundamental contributor to health, and a key factor underlying racial disparities in disease. However, SES data are rarely included in genetic studies due in part to the difficultly of collecting these data when studies were not originally designed for that purpose. The emergence of large clinic-based biobanks linked to electronic health records (EHRs) provides research access to large patient populations with longitudinal phenotype data captured in structured fields as billing codes, procedure codes, and prescriptions...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894911/personal-and-provider-level-factors-influence-participation-to-cervical-cancer-screening-a-retrospective-register-based-study-of-1-3-million-women-in-norway
#8
Maarit K Leinonen, Suzanne Campbell, Ole Klungsøyr, Stefan Lönnberg, Bo T Hansen, Mari Nygård
High coverage is essential for an effective screening programme. Here we present screening barriers and facilitators among 1.3 million women aged 25-69years eligible for screening within the Norwegian Cervical Cancer Screening Program (NCCSP). We defined non-adherence as no screening test in 2008-2012. We divided adherent women into those screened spontaneously, and those who had a smear after receiving a reminder from the NCCSP. Explanatory variables were extracted from several nationwide registers, and modelled by modified Poisson regression...
November 25, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893880/protective-prevention-effects-on-the-association-of-poverty-with-brain-development
#9
Gene H Brody, Joshua C Gray, Tianyi Yu, Allen W Barton, Steven R H Beach, Adrianna Galván, James MacKillop, Michael Windle, Edith Chen, Gregory E Miller, Lawrence H Sweet
Importance: This study was designed to determine whether a preventive intervention focused on enhancing supportive parenting could ameliorate the association between exposure to poverty and brain development in low socioeconomic status African American individuals from the rural South. Objective: To determine whether participation in an efficacious prevention program designed to enhance supportive parenting for rural African American children will ameliorate the association between living in poverty and reduced hippocampal and amygdalar volumes in adulthood...
November 28, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890481/growth-disparity-of-motherless-children-might-be-attributed-to-a-deficient-intake-of-high-quality-nutrients
#10
Hui Wang, Xu Tian, Shaowei Wu, Zhibin Hu
We hypothesized that single-parent children (SPC) are retarded in growth compared with both-parent children (BPC), and that motherless children (MC) are affected differently from fatherless children. Moreover, the growth disparity between SPC and BPC might be attributed to a deficient nutrient intake. Data from 2967 children between the ages of 2 and 18 years were extracted from 4 recent waves (2004, 2006, 2009, and 2011) of the China Health and Nutrition Survey to compare the growth status of SPC and BPC and to investigate the association between growth indicators and nutrition status...
November 14, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889594/racial-ethnic-differences-in-30-year-trajectories-of-heavy-drinking-in-a-nationally-representative-u-s-sample
#11
Nina Mulia, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Jane Witbrodt, Jason Bond, Edwina Williams, Sarah E Zemore
BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic minorities bear a disproportionate burden of alcohol-related problems in the U.S. It is unknown whether this reflects harmful patterns of lifecourse heavy drinking. Prior research shows little support for the latter but has been limited to young samples. We examine racial/ethnic differences in heavy drinking trajectories from ages 21 to 51. METHODS: Data on heavy drinking (6+ drinks/occasion) are from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N=9468), collected between 1982 and 2012...
November 3, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887805/patterns-of-care-of-imrt-usage-in-postoperative-management-of-uterine-cancer
#12
Virginia Osborn, David Schwartz, Yi-Chun Lee, Anna Lee, Elizabeth Garay, Kwang Choi, Peter Han, David Schreiber
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the patterns of care regarding intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) usage in the postoperative management of uterine cancer. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried to identify women with endometrial adenocarcinoma who underwent hysterectomy followed by external beam radiation between 2004-2012. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze IMRT usage with comparison via the Chi Square test. Overall survival was also compared between IMRT and three dimensional conformal radiation therapy...
November 22, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887677/outcome-disparities-between-african-americans-and-caucasians-in-contemporary-kidney-transplant-recipients
#13
David J Taber, Leonard E Egede, Prabhakar K Baliga
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in African-American (AA) kidney transplant have persisted for nearly 40 years, with limited data available on the scope of this issue in the contemporary era of transplantation. METHODS: Descriptive retrospective cohort study of US registry data including adult solitary kidney transplants between Jan 1, 2005 to Dec 31, 2009. RESULTS: 60,695 recipients were included; 41,426 Caucasians (68%) and 19,269 AAs (32%)...
November 18, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886528/neighborhood-social-stressors-fine-particulate-matter-air-pollution-and-cognitive-function-among-older-u-s-adults
#14
Jennifer Ailshire, Amelia Karraker, Philippa Clarke
A growing number of studies have found a link between outdoor air pollution and cognitive function among older adults. Psychosocial stress is considered an important factor determining differential susceptibility to environmental hazards and older adults living in stressful neighborhoods may be particularly vulnerable to the adverse health effects of exposure to hazards such as air pollution. The objective of this study is to determine if neighborhood social stress amplifies the association between fine particulate matter air pollution (PM2...
November 14, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885307/epidemiology-of-testicular-cancer-in-oklahoma-and-the-united-states
#15
Shannon Smith, Amanda Janitz, Janis Campbell
Testicular cancer is a rare cause of morbidity and mortality in the US. Marked disparities in the development of this cancer exist, with testicular cancer being more common in Caucasian men and men of higher socioeconomic status. The incidence of testicular cancer is increasing worldwide, and the reasons for this have not been well documented. It has been proposed that this increase may be due to highly prevalent environmental factors, or from exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls, polyvinyl chloride, cigarette smoking, and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884846/real-world-evidence-studies-into-treatment-adherence-thresholds-for-intervention-and-disparities-in-treatment-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-uk
#16
Andrew McGovern, William Hinton, Ana Correa, Neil Munro, Martin Whyte, Simon de Lusignan
PURPOSE: The University of Surrey-Lilly Real World Evidence (RWE) diabetes cohort has been established to provide insights into the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). There are 3 areas of study due to be conducted to provide insights into T2DM management: exploration of medication adherence, thresholds for changing diabetes therapies, and ethnicity-related or socioeconomic-related disparities in management. This paper describes the identification of a cohort of people with T2DM which will be used for these analyses, through a case finding algorithm, and describes the characteristics of the identified cohort...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884649/trends-and-disparities-in-osteoporosis-screening-among-women-in-the-united-states-2008-2014-declines-in-utilization-among-women-50-to-64-years-old-and-persistent-underutilization-among-women-65-and-older
#17
Catherine W Gillespie, Pamela E Morin
BACKGROUND: The United States Preventive Services Task Force recommends universal osteoporosis screening among women ages 65+, and targeted screening of younger women, but, historically, adherence to these evidence-based recommendations has been sub-optimal. METHODS: To describe contemporary patterns of osteoporosis screening, we conducted a retrospective analysis using the OptumLabs™ Data Warehouse, a database of de-identified administrative claims which includes medical and eligibility information for over 100 million Medicare Advantage and commercial enrollees...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881390/dietary-quality-of-the-us-child-and-adolescent-population-trends-from-1999-to-2012-and-associations-with-the-use-of-federal-nutrition-assistance-programs
#18
Xiao Gu, Katherine L Tucker
BACKGROUND: The state of the economy, changes in federal food assistance programs, and policies related to nutrition and the food supply in the United States may influence dietary quality in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: We investigated dietary quality trends from 1999 to 2012 in the US child and adolescent population and their associations with socioeconomic status and participation in federal food assistance programs. DESIGN: In this study, a nationally representative sample of 38,487 children and adolescents, aged 2-18 y, in the NHANES from 1999 to 2012 were included...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880053/disparities-in-emergency-department-visits-in-american-children-with-asthma-2006-2010
#19
Qi Zhang, Rajan Lamichhane, Leigh Diggs
OBJECTIVE: To examine the trends in emergency department (ED) visits for asthma among American children in 2006-2010 across socio-demographic factors, parental smoking status, and children's body weight status. METHODS: We analyzed 5,535 children aged 2-17 with current asthma in the Asthma Call-Back Survey in 2006-2010. Multivariate log binomial regression was used to examine the disparities of ED visits by demographics, socioeconomic status, parental smoking status, children's body weight status, and the level of asthma control...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876589/usa-hospitalizations-for-malignant-pleural-effusions-data-from-the-2012-national-inpatient-sample
#20
Niloofar Taghizadeh, Marc Fortin, Alain Tremblay
BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural effusions (MPE) are a common complication of advanced malignancy, but little is known regarding their prevalence and overall burden on a population level. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of MPE associated hospitalizations using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (HCUP-NIS 2012). Cases were included if MPE was coded as a primary or secondary diagnosis or if an unspecified pleural effusion was coded in addition to a diagnosis of cancer with either of these being the primary diagnosis...
November 19, 2016: Chest
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