keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Socioeconomic disparity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094601/recruiting-newly-referred-lung-cancer-patients-to-a-patient-navigator-intervention-paco-lessons-learnt-from-a-pilot-study
#1
Trille Kristina Kjær, Anders Mellemgaard, Marianne Stensøe Oksen, Bo Andreassen Rix, Randi Karlsen, Christoffer Johansen, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of and survival from lung cancer are associated with socioeconomic position, and disparities have been observed in both curative and palliative treatment for lung cancer. 'Patient navigation' is valuable in addressing health disparity, with timely treatment and transition to care. We conducted a pilot study to test the feasibility of a patient navigator program (PAtient COach) for newly diagnosed lung cancer. We present the trial, the findings from the pilot study and discuss factors that might have affected recruitment rates...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094189/medicaid-payer-status-is-linked-to-increased-rates-of-complications-after-treatment-of-proximal-humerus-fractures
#2
Vani J Sabesan, Graysen Petersen-Fitts, Daniel Lombardo, Daniel Briggs, James Whaley
BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status and Medicaid insurance as a primary payer have been associated with major disparities in resource utilization and risk-adjusted outcomes for patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty. With the expansion of Medicaid through the Affordable Care Act in 2014, examination of these disparities has become increasingly relevant for the treatment of proximal humerus fracture (PHF). METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample database was used to identify patients who were treated for PHF from 2002 to 2012...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093464/socioeconomic-status-smoke-exposure-and-health-outcomes-in-young-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#3
Thida Ong, Michael Schechter, Jing Yang, Limin Peng, Julia Emerson, Ronald L Gibson, Wayne Morgan, Margaret Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Lower socioeconomic status (SES) and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure are both associated with poorer disease outcomes in cystic fibrosis (CF), and children with low SES are disproportionately exposed to ETS. We analyzed a large cohort of young children with CF to distinguish the impact of SES and ETS on clinical outcomes. METHODS: The Early Pseudomonas Infection Control Observational study enrolled Pseudomonas-negative young children with CF <13 years of age...
January 16, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092650/sociodemographic-disparities-in-chronic-pain-based-on-12-year-longitudinal-data
#4
Hanna Grol-Prokopczyk
Existing estimates of sociodemographic disparities in chronic pain in the United States are based on cross-sectional data, often treat pain as a binary construct, and rarely test for nonresponse or other types of bias. This study uses 7 biennial waves of national data from the Health and Retirement Study (1998-2010; n = 19,776) to describe long-term pain disparities among older (age 51+) American adults. It also investigates whether pain severity, reporting heterogeneity, survey nonresponse, and/or mortality selection might bias estimates of social disparities in pain...
February 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090398/life-expectancies-in-hawai-i-a-multi-ethnic-analysis-of-2010-life-tables
#5
Yanyan Wu, Kathryn Braun, Alvin T Onaka, Brian Y Horiuchi, Caryn J Tottori, Lynne Wilkens
The objective of this study is to examine longevity disparities in Hawai'i by race/ethnicity and gender based on age-specific death rates in 2010. Abridged life tables for Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, Hawaiians, and Caucasians in Hawai'i are presented for the age groups: <1, 1-4, every 5-year interval from 5-84, and 85+ years for the year of 2010. Death data were provided by the Hawai'i Department of Health Office of Health Status Monitoring, and population data were based on 2010 Census modified based on ethnicity estimates from the Hawai'i Health Survey...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088743/socioeconomic-differences-in-adolescent-substance-abuse-treatment-participation-and-long-term-outcomes
#6
Camillia K Lui, Stacy A Sterling, Felicia W Chi, Yun Lu, Cynthia I Campbell
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been consistently linked to poorer access, utilization and outcomes of health care services, but this relationship has been understudied in adolescent substance abuse treatment research. This study examined SES differences in adolescent's treatment participation and long-term outcomes of abstinence and 12-step attendance over five years after treatment. Data are from 358 adolescents (ages 13-18) who were recruited at intake to substance abuse treatment between 2000 and 2002 at four Kaiser Permanente Northern California outpatient treatment programs...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087793/race-ethnicity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-lgbt-older-adults
#7
Hyun-Jun Kim, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Few existing studies have addressed racial/ethnic differences in the health and quality of life of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. Guided by the Health Equity Promotion Model, this study examines health-promoting and health risk factors that contribute to racial/ethnic health disparities among LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081061/vital-signs-decrease-in-incidence-of-diabetes-related-end-stage-renal-disease-among-american-indians-alaska-natives-united-states-1996-2013
#8
Ann Bullock, Nilka Ríos Burrows, Andrew S Narva, Karen Sheff, Israel Hora, Akaki Lekiachvili, Hannah Cain, David Espey
BACKGROUND: American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) have the highest diabetes prevalence among any racial/ethnic group in the United States. Among AI/AN, diabetes accounts for 69% of new cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), defined as kidney failure treated with dialysis or transplantation. During 1982-1996, diabetes-related ESRD (ESRD-D) in AI/AN increased substantially and disproportionately compared with other racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: Data from the U...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079869/racial-and-social-predictors-of-longitudinal-cervical-measures-the-cervical-ultrasound-study
#9
E W Harville, K S Miller, L R Knoepp
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the racial and socioeconomic disparities are present in adverse cervical parameters, and, if so, when such disparities develop. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was conducted. 175 women with a prior preterm birth had up to four endovaginal ultrasounds between gestational weeks 16 and 24 (Cervical Ultrasound Trial of the MFMU). Each sociodemographic factor (race/ethnicity, marital status, insurance funding and education) was examined as a predictor of short cervix or U/funnel shape, using multiple logistic and linear regression...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079673/differences-in-use-of-high-quality-and-low-quality-hospitals-among-working-age-individuals-by-insurance-type
#10
Ioana Popescu, Kevin C Heslin, Rosanna M Coffey, Raynard E Washington, Marguerite L Barrett, Lucy H Karnell, José J Escarce
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that individuals with Medicaid or no insurance receive fewer evidence-based treatments and have worse outcomes than those with private insurance for a broad range of conditions. These differences may be due to patients' receiving care in hospitals of different quality. RESEARCH DESIGN: We used the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Databases 2009-2010 data to identify patients aged 18-64 years with private insurance, Medicaid, or no insurance who were hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, pneumonia, stroke, or gastrointestinal hemorrhage...
February 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078660/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-diabetes-quality-of-care-the-role-of-healthcare-access-and-socioeconomic-status
#11
Juan R Canedo, Stephania T Miller, David Schlundt, Mary K Fadden, Maureen Sanderson
INTRODUCTION: Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians are disproportionately affected by diabetes. We assessed the state of racial/ethnic disparities in diabetes quality of care in the USA. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data of adults diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes in the nationally representative 2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Differences in adherence to five diabetes quality of care recommendations (HbA1c twice yearly, yearly foot exam, dilated eye exam, blood cholesterol test, and flu vaccination) were examined by race/ethnicity while controlling for three social determinants of health (health insurance status, poverty, and education) and other demographic variables...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077152/gender-bias-and-sex-based-differences-in-health-care-efficiency-in-polish-regions
#12
Błażej Łyszczarz
BACKGROUND: Health differences between sexes are relatively well recognized, though less is known about the specificity of women's and men's health responsiveness to medical care. Applying data from Polish regions, this study identifies sex-based differences in medical care efficiency and investigates the reasons for these disparities in the gender bias context. METHODS: The study estimates sex-specific health production functions for regional data from Poland (1999-2013)...
January 11, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076251/comparison-of-medical-diagnoses-among-same-sex-and-opposite-sex-partnered-patients
#13
Katie M Heiden-Rootes, Joanne Salas, Jeffrey F Scherrer, F David Schneider, Craig W Smith
BACKGROUND: Health disparities for gay and lesbian individuals are well documented in survey research. However, a limitation throughout the existing literature is the reliance on self-reported health conditions. This study used medical record diagnoses for gay and lesbian patients seen in primary care clinics. METHODS: This study used medical records of primary care patients (n = 31,569) seen at Midwestern, university-affiliated primary care clinics. First, all records with information about the sexual partnering of the patient were identified (n = 13,509)...
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075529/diabetes-hypertension-obesity-and-long-term-risk-of-renal-disease-mortality-racial-and-socioeconomic-differences
#14
Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Shervin Assari
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes, hypertension, and obesity increase risk of chronic kidney disease and associated mortality. Race and SES differences in the effects of these risk factors are, however, still unknown. Current study aimed to investigate whether or not race and SES alter the effects of diabetes, hypertension, and obesity on mortality due to renal diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives Study (ACL), 1986 to 2011, a nationally representative prospective cohort of adults with 25 years of follow up...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073892/socioeconomic-and-ethnic-inequities-within-organised-colorectal-cancer-screening-programmes-worldwide
#15
C M de Klerk, S Gupta, E Dekker, M L Essink-Bot
OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programmes can reduce CRC mortality. However, the implementation of a screening programme may create or exacerbate socioeconomic and ethnic health inequities if participation varies by subgroup. We determined which organised programmes characterise participation inequities by socioeconomic and ethnic subgroups, and assessed the variation in subgroup participation among programmes collecting group-specific data. DESIGN: Employing a literature review and survey among leaders of national or regional screening programmes, this study identified published and unpublished data on participation by socioeconomic status and ethnicity...
January 10, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073794/socioeconomic-remoteness-and-sex-differences-in-life-expectancy-in-new-south-wales-australia-2001-2012-a-population-based-study
#16
Alexandre S Stephens, Leena Gupta, Sarah Thackway, Richard A Broome
OBJECTIVES: Despite being one of the healthiest countries in the world, Australia displays substantial mortality differentials by socioeconomic disadvantage, remoteness and sex. In this study, we examined how these mortality differentials translated to differences in life expectancy between 2001 and 2012. DESIGN AND SETTING: Population-based study using mortality and estimated residential population data from Australia's largest state, New South Wales (NSW), between 2001 and 2012...
January 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073390/the-behavioural-constellation-of-deprivation-causes-and-consequences
#17
Gillian V Pepper, Daniel Nettle
Socioeconomic differences in behaviour are pervasive and well documented, but their causes are not yet well understood. Here, we make the case that there is a cluster of behaviours associated with lower socioeconomic status, which we call the behavioural constellation of deprivation. We propose that the relatively limited control associated with lower socioeconomic status curtails the extent to which people can expect to realise deferred rewards, leading to more present-oriented behaviour in a range of domains...
January 11, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069989/incomplete-diagnostic-follow-up-after-a-positive-colorectal-cancer-screening-test-a-systematic-review
#18
A R H Dalton
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening using faecal occult blood or faecal immunological testing (FOBT/FIT) involves completion of a screening test-then if required a follow-up diagnostic test. METHODS: A systematic review, of EMBASE, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar, of studies up to 2016. Studies explored characteristics behind, reasons for and interventions to reduce incomplete diagnostic testing after a positive FOBT/FIT in CRC screening...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069849/lower-versus-higher-income-populations-in-the-alternative-quality-contract-improved-quality-and-similar-spending
#19
Zirui Song, Sherri Rose, Michael E Chernew, Dana Gelb Safran
As population-based payment models become increasingly common, it is crucial to understand how such payment models affect health disparities. We evaluated health care quality and spending among enrollees in areas with lower versus higher socioeconomic status in Massachusetts before and after providers entered into the Alternative Quality Contract, a two-sided population-based payment model with substantial incentives tied to quality. We compared changes in process measures, outcome measures, and spending between enrollees in areas with lower and higher socioeconomic status from 2006 to 2012 (outcome measures were measured after the intervention only)...
January 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069138/disparities-in-access-to-trauma-care-in-the-united-states-a-population-based-analysis
#20
Brendan G Carr, Ariel J Bowman, Catherine S Wolff, Michael T Mullen, Daniel N Holena, Charles C Branas, Douglas J Wiebe
BACKGROUND: Injury is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Accordingly, expanding access to trauma care is a Healthy People priority. The extent to which disparities in access to trauma care exist in the US is unknown. Our objective was to describe geographic, demographic, and socioeconomic disparities in access to trauma care in the United States. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of the US population in 2010 using small units of geographic analysis and validated estimates of population access to a Level I or II trauma center within 60minutes via ambulance or helicopter...
January 3, 2017: Injury
keyword
keyword
115014
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"