keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Socioeconomic disparity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470802/male-undergraduates-hpv-vaccination-behavior-implications-for-achieving-hpv-associated-cancer-equity
#1
Hee Yun Lee, Katherine Lust, Suzanne Vang, Jay Desai
Despite the availability of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine for males, uptake of the vaccine has been low, particularly among young adult males. This study aimed to investigate the levels of HPV vaccination and predictors of HPV vaccine completion in college men ages 18-26. We analyzed data from the 2015 College Student Health Survey, which was administered at 17 post-secondary institutions in Midwest areas. We included only responses from male participants who were ages 18-26 years old, resulting in a sample size of 2516...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470121/disparities-in-distribution-of-particulate-matter-emission-sources-by-race-and-poverty-status
#2
Ihab Mikati, Adam F Benson, Thomas J Luben, Jason D Sacks, Jennifer Richmond-Bryant
OBJECTIVES: To quantify nationwide disparities in the location of particulate matter (PM)-emitting facilities by the characteristics of the surrounding residential population and to illustrate various spatial scales at which to consider such disparities. METHODS: We assigned facilities emitting PM in the 2011 National Emissions Inventory to nearby block groups across the 2009 to 2013 American Community Survey population. We calculated the burden from these emissions for racial/ethnic groups and by poverty status...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465301/socioeconomic-and-geographical-disparities-in-prescription-and-illicit-opioid-related-overdose-deaths-in-orange-county-california-from-2010-2014
#3
John R Marshall, Stephen F Gassner, Craig L Anderson, Richelle J Cooper, Shahram Lotfipour, Bharath Chakravarthy
Background Reports indicate a geographic effect of socioeconomic inequalities on the occurrence of opioid-related fatal overdoses. We aim to (1) estimate the rates of opioid-related overdoses, (2) estimate the association of benzodiazepine co-ingestion with opioid-related deaths, (3) estimate associations between socioeconomic indicators and opioid-related deaths, and (4) map the distribution of fatal overdoses, in Orange County (OC), California. Methods We conducted an ecologic study of all opioid related deaths (1205 total) obtained from the OC Coroner Division database from 2010-2014 (1065 OC residents, 55 non-residents, 85 OC homeless) (analyzed 2016-2017)...
February 21, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465212/exploring-emergency-nurse-practitioners-perceptions-of-their-role
#4
Sue Bagley
Since the 1980s, the emergency nurse practitioner (ENP) role has evolved as increasing socioeconomic pressures and changing government policy have led to new working practices in emergency departments. Similarly, a lack of consensus regarding educational support for ENPs and the regulation of ENP training, mean that variations remain in the scope of practice, role description and academic requirements for ENPs. AIM: To explore ENPs' perceptions of their changing role, including their educational requirements and whether their training needs are being met...
February 21, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464658/examining-the-association-between-different-aspects-of-socioeconomic-status-race-and-disability-in-hawaii
#5
Jason Seto, James Davis, Deborah Ann Taira
Socioeconomic status and race/ethnicity are known to be associated with health disparities. This study used data (2010-2014) from the American Community Survey. Respondents over age 30 from Hawaii were included (n = 44,921). Outcome variables were self-reported disability in vision, hearing, ambulatory function, self-care, independent living, or cognitive function. Four measures of socioeconomic status were personal income, average income for the area, income inequality for area, and education. This study used multivariable logistic regression to predict disability by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status, controlling for age and gender...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463587/regional-disparities-in-the-intimate-partner-sexual-violence-rate-against-women-in-paran%C3%A3-state-brazil-2009-2014-an-ecological-study
#6
Kátia Biagio Fontes, Ana Carolina Jacinto Alarcão, Oscar Kenji Nihei, Sandra Marisa Pelloso, Luciano Andrade, Maria Dalva de Barros Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate disparities in a Brazilian state by conducting an analysis to determine whether socioeconomic status was associated with the reported intimate partner sexual violence (IPSV) rates against women. DESIGN: A retrospective, ecological study. SETTINGS: Data retrieved from the Notifiable Diseases Information System database of the Ministry of Health of Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: All cases of IPSV (n=516) against women aged 15-49 years reported in the Notifiable Diseases Information System between 2009 and 2014...
February 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459378/role-of-allostatic-load-and-health-behaviours-in-explaining-socioeconomic-disparities-in-mortality-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#7
Gyu Ri Kim, Sun Ha Jee, Hynek Pikhart
BACKGROUND: The relationship between socioeconomic status and mortality has been well established; however, the extent to which biological factors mediate this relationship is less clear, and empirical evidence from non-Western settings is limited. Allostasis, a cumulative measure of physiological dysregulation, has been proposed as the underlying mechanism linking socioeconomic status to adverse health outcomes. The current study aimed to ascertain the contribution of allostatic load (AL) and health behaviours to socioeconomic inequalities in mortality among Korean adults...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459282/embodiment-of-social-roles-and-thinness-as-a-form-of-capital-a-qualitative-approach-towards-understanding-female-obesity-disparities-in-chile
#8
Jossiana Robinovich, Ximena Ossa, Bernardita Baeza, Anja Krumeich, Bart van der Borne
Obesity in Chile disproportionately affects women of low socioeconomic status (SES). Research has shown that ideals of body size and differences in perceived social pressure for being slim across socioeconomic strata contribute to the social stratification of body size among women in modern societies. Thinness is most valued by high SES women, following western standards of ideal body size. Aiming to understand the link between ideals of body size and SES, this qualitative study explored how 36 Chilean women construct their bodily ideals according to their social position...
February 10, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458366/inequity-in-dialysis-related-practices-and-outcomes-in-aotearoa-new-zealand-a-kaupapa-m%C3%A4-ori-analysis
#9
Tania Huria, Suetonia Palmer, Lutz Beckert, Jonathan Williman, Suzanne Pitama
BACKGROUND: In Aotearoa/New Zealand, Māori, as the indigenous people, experience chronic kidney disease at three times the rate of non-Māori, non-Pacific New Zealanders. Māori commence dialysis treatment for end-stage kidney disease at three times the rate of New Zealand European adults. To examine for evidence of inequity in dialysis-related incidence, treatment practices, and survival according to indigeneity in Aotearoa/New Zealand, utilising a Kaupapa Māori approach. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving adults who commenced treatment for end-stage kidney disease in Aotearoa/New Zealand between 2002 and 2011...
February 20, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454554/geospatial-inequalities-and-determinants-of-nutritional-status-among-women-and-children-in-afghanistan-an-observational-study
#10
Nadia Akseer, Zaid Bhatti, Taufiq Mashal, Sajid Soofi, Rahim Moineddin, Robert E Black, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition is a pervasive condition in Afghanistan, and prevalence is among the highest in the world. We aimed to comprehensively assess district-level geographical disparities and determinants of nutritional status (stunting, wasting, or underweight) among women and children in Afghanistan. METHODS: The study used individualised data from the recent Afghanistan National Nutrition Survey 2013. Outcome variables were based on growth and weight anthropometry data, which we analysed linearly as Z scores and as dichotomous categories...
February 14, 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453436/rural-urban-differences-in-access-to-hospital-obstetric-and-neonatal-care-how-far-is-the-closest-one
#11
Peiyin Hung, Michelle M Casey, Katy B Kozhimannil, Pinar Karaca-Mandic, Ira S Moscovice
OBJECTIVES: To quantify drive distances to hospital obstetric services and advanced neonatal care and to examine such disparities by residential rurality and insurance type. STUDY DESIGN: Data for all-payer maternal childbirth hospitalizations in 2002 (N = 661,240) and 2013 (N = 634,807) from nine geographically dispersed states were linked with the American Hospital Association annual surveys to identify maternal residence zip codes and the addresses of hospitals with obstetric services or advanced neonatal care...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452975/associations-between-food-security-status-and-dietary-inflammatory-potential-within-lower-income-adults-from-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-cycles-2007-to-2014
#12
Rachel S Bergmans, Mari Palta, Stephanie A Robert, Lawrence M Berger, Deborah B Ehrenthal, Kristen M Malecki
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests both that chronic inflammation mediates the association of food insecurity with adverse health outcomes and that diet may be a significant source of inflammation among food insecure individuals. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether food security status is associated with dietary inflammatory potential. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional data came from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), cycles 2007 to 2014 (n=10,630)...
February 13, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451839/correlates-of-postpartum-visits-among-medicaid-recipients-an-analysis-using-claims-data-from-a-managed-care-organization
#13
Saba W Masho, Susan Cha, Nicole Karjane, Elizabeth McGee, Rashel Charles, Linda Hines, Susan G Kornstein
BACKGROUND: The postpartum care visit (PPCV) plays an important role in ensuring the well-being of mother and infant. This study sought to assess correlates of PPCV attendance among women who are at high risk of nonattendance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study used deidentified medical claims data from Virginia Premier-a nonprofit Managed Care Organization that provides health insurance for Medicaid beneficiaries. The association between various correlates and PPCV attendance was examined using multiple logistic regression analyses...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450839/characterizing-health-disparities-in-the-age-of-autism-diagnosis-in-a-study-of-8-year-old-children
#14
Chandni Parikh, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer, Ann M Mastergeorge, Sydney Pettygrove
The diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is often delayed from the time of noted concerns to the actual diagnosis. The current study used child- and family-level factors to identify homogeneous classes in a surveillance-based sample (n = 2303) of 8-year-old children with ASD. Using latent class analysis, a 5-class model emerged and the class memberships were examined in relation to the child's median age at ASD diagnosis. Class 3, with known language delays and a high advantage socioeconomically had the lowest age of ASD diagnosis (46...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446529/educational-disparities-in-the-associations-between-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-and-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-in-xiamen-china
#15
Yanbing Zeng, Jielong Wu, Yaofeng Han, Fan Chen, Lele Chen, Shuyu Yang, Ya Fang
BACKGROUND: To examine the combined effect of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) and educational attainment on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed among community residents with T2DM. Good glycemic control was defined as hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels below 7% in the most recent measurement. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine associations of glycemic control with SMBG, educational attainment, and their combined effects by controlling for certain covariates, with further stratification by sex...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445979/hispanic-immigrant-father-involvement-with-young-children-in-the-united-states-a-comparison-with-us-born-hispanic-and-white-non-hispanic-fathers
#16
Sylvia Guendelman, Juliet Nussbaum, Ann Soliday, Maureen Lahiff
Objectives Fathering is known to foster child development and health, yet evidence on Hispanic immigrant fathers' involvement with their young children is sparse. This study assessed disparities in pregnancy intendedness and father involvement with children ages 0-4 among Hispanic immigrant co-resident fathers versus two reference groups: US-born Hispanic and US-born White fathers. We hypothesized that differentials in involvement were associated with socioeconomic and cultural factors. Methods Using 2011-2013 data from the National Survey of Family Growth (N = 598), we performed bivariate, logistic and linear regression analyses to assess disparities in pregnancy intendedness and five father involvement outcomes (physical care, warmth, outings, reading and discipline)...
February 14, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444225/association-of-neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-with-risk-of-infection-and-sepsis
#17
John P Donnelly, Sindhu Lakkur, Suzanne E Judd, Emily B Levitan, Russell Griffin, George Howard, Monika M Safford, Henry E Wang
Background: Prior studies suggest disparities in sepsis risk and outcomes based on place of residence. We sought to examine the association between neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES) and hospitalization for infection and sepsis. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study using data from 30239 participants in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. nSES was defined using a score derived from census data and classified into quartiles...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444213/systematic-review-methodological-flaws-in-racial-ethnic-reporting-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#18
M R Craven, L Kia, L C O'Dwyer, E Stern, T H Taft, L Keefer
Health care disparities affecting the care of multiple disease groups are of growing concern internationally. Research guidelines, governmental institutions, and scientific journals have attempted to minimize disparities through policies regarding the collection and reporting of racial/ethnic data. One area where shortcomings remain is in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This systematic review, which adheres to the PRISMA statement, focuses on characterizing existing methodological weaknesses in research focusing on studies regarding the assessment, prevalence, treatment, and outcomes of GERD patients...
February 9, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442613/beyond-the-30-million-word-gap-children-s-conversational-exposure-is-associated-with-language-related-brain-function
#19
Rachel R Romeo, Julia A Leonard, Sydney T Robinson, Martin R West, Allyson P Mackey, Meredith L Rowe, John D E Gabrieli
Children's early language exposure impacts their later linguistic skills, cognitive abilities, and academic achievement, and large disparities in language exposure are associated with family socioeconomic status (SES). However, there is little evidence about the neural mechanisms underlying the relation between language experience and linguistic and cognitive development. Here, language experience was measured from home audio recordings of 36 SES-diverse 4- to 6-year-old children. During a story-listening functional MRI task, children who had experienced more conversational turns with adults-independently of SES, IQ, and adult-child utterances alone-exhibited greater left inferior frontal (Broca's area) activation, which significantly explained the relation between children's language exposure and verbal skill...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439691/what-matters-most-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-breast-cancer-surgery-encounter-decision-aids-across-socioeconomic-strata
#20
Marie-Anne Durand, Renata West Yen, A James O'Malley, Mary C Politi, Shubhada Dhage, Kari Rosenkranz, Katie Weichman, Julie Margenthaler, Anna N A Tosteson, Eloise Crayton, Sherrill Jackson, Ann Bradley, Robert J Volk, Karen Sepucha, Elissa Ozanne, Sanja Percac-Lima, Julia Song, Jocelyn Acosta, Nageen Mir, Glyn Elwyn
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in women. Mastectomy and breast-conserving surgery (BCS) have equivalent survival for early stage breast cancer. However, each surgery has different benefits and harms that women may value differently. Women of lower socioeconomic status (SES) diagnosed with early stage breast cancer are more likely to experience poorer doctor-patient communication, lower satisfaction with surgery and decision-making, and higher decision regret compared to women of higher SES...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
keyword
keyword
115014
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"