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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445924/optometrists-scope-of-practice
#1
EDITORIAL
Kirsty Machon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445630/murai-reaction-on-furfural-derivatives-enabled-by-removable-n-n-bidentate-directing-groups
#2
Giovanni Poli, Julie Oble, Luis Veiros, Cristofer Pezzetta
Furfural and related compounds are industrially relevant building-blocks obtained from lignocellulosic biomass. To enhance the added value of these renewable resources, a Ru-catalyzed hydrofurylation of alkenes, involving a directed C-H activation at C3 of the furan ring, was developed. A thorough experimental study revealed that a bidentate amino-imine directing group enables the desired coupling. Removal of the directing group takes place during the purification step, directly releasing the C3-functionalized furfurals...
April 26, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445551/pattern-classification-of-eeg-signals-reveals-perceptual-and-attentional-states
#3
Alexandra List, Monica D Rosenberg, Aleksandra Sherman, Michael Esterman
Pattern classification techniques have been widely used to differentiate neural activity associated with different perceptual, attentional, or other cognitive states, often using fMRI, but more recently with EEG as well. Although these methods have identified EEG patterns (i.e., scalp topographies of EEG signals occurring at certain latencies) that decode perceptual and attentional states on a trial-by-trial basis, they have yet to be applied to the spatial scope of attention toward global or local features of the display...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444893/catalytic-reductive-synthesis-and-direct-derivatization-of-unprotected-aminoindoles-aminopyrroles-and-iminoindolines
#4
Leonardus H Leijendekker, Jens Weweler, Tobias M Leuther, Jan Streuff
A titanium(III)-catalyzed radical cyclization to unprotected 3-aminoindoles, 3-aminopyrroles, or 3-iminoindolines is reported. The reaction is non-hazardous, scalable, and allows facile isolation of the free products by extraction. The method is demonstrated on a large substrate scope and it further allows the direct installation of various nitrogen protecting groups or the synthesis of building blocks for peptide chemistry in a single sequence. Fused bisindoles can be directly accessed from the cyclization products...
April 26, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444712/the-urinary-microbiome-and-its-contribution-to-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-ici-rs-2015
#5
REVIEW
Marcus J Drake, Nicola Morris, Apostolos Apostolidis, Mohammad S Rahnama'i, Julian R Marchesi
AIMS: The microbiome is the term used for the symbiotic microbial colonisation of healthy organs. Studies have found bacterial identifiers within voided urine which is apparently sterile on conventional laboratory culture, and accordingly there may be health and disease implications. METHODS: The International Consultation on Incontinence Research Society (ICI-RS) established a literature review and expert consensus discussion focussed on the increasing awareness of the urinary microbiome, and potential research priorities...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444059/-anthropometric-profile-of-children-in-accordance-with-the-structure-of-daycare-centers
#6
Dixis Figueroa Pedraza
The scope of this article is to evaluate the structure of public daycare centers and the anthropometric profile of children in the city of Campina Grande in the State of Paraíba, Brazil. It is a cross-sectional study that involved 793 children attended in daycare centers. Information to describe the daycare centers were included (structure related to the capacity of demand and the processing power of school meals, reception system of children, location area) and the anthropometric status of the children (Height/Age, Weight/Height)...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444058/-quality-of-life-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-study-among-primary-care-users
#7
Carolina Coelho Scholl, Viviane Porto Tabeleão, Rafaelle Stark Stigger, Jéssica Puchalski Trettim, Mariana Bonati de Mattos, Andressa Jacondino Pires, Mariane Acosta Lopez Molina, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Elaine Tomasi, Luciana de Avila Quevedo
Quality of life (QOL) can be affected by the presence of mental disorders, like Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Thus, the evaluation and monitoring of QOL in patients with mental disorders enables the identification of priorities, making it possible to implement actions to improve QOL among health system users. The scope of this article is to measure QOL in OCD patients in primary health care. It involves a cross-sectional study with a convenience sample including all users of three Basic Health Units of Pelotas in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444057/determinant-factors-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-std-aids-and-viral-hepatitis-among-youths-aged-18-to-29-years-in-brazil
#8
Miguel Barbosa Fontes, Rodrigo Campos Crivelaro, Alice Margini Scartezini, David Duarte Lima, Alexandre de Araújo Garcia, Rafael Tsuyoshi Fujioka
The scope of this study was to evaluate the vulnerability of Brazilian youths to STDs/HIV&AIDS and Viral Hepatitis. Interviews were conducted with 1,208 youths aged 18 to 29 in 15 states and the Federal District. The regional and national adjusted margin of error of the research was 2.8%. The study was approved by the School of Medicine of Brasilia University with support from PAHO and the Ministry of Health. A scale with 35 questions (knowledge, attitudes and practices) was the main dependent variable. Adjusted linear regression models identified the demographic and social determinant factors that explain scale variations...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444054/regionalization-in-the-brazilian-healthcare-system-sus-a-critical-review
#9
Fernando Manuel Bessa Fernandes
Objective: to review the output and the use of the data to support managers in making decisions on the healthcare system, and analyze academic output on the theme. Method: An online search of the SciELO database for articles using 'regionalization' and 'health/healthcare' as the keywords, and all indices as the 'scope of the study'. We found a total of 102 references, and after analyzing the abstracts selected 70 articles that effectively discuss regionalization of health/healthcare in Brazil...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443911/fabrication-of-plasmonic-au-pd-alloy-nanoparticles-for-photocatalytic-suzuki-miyaura-reactions-under-ambient-conditions
#10
Dongxu Han, Zongbi Bao, Huabin Xing, Yiwen Yang, Qilong Ren, Zhiguo Zhang
The Suzuki-Miyaura reaction is one of the most popular and efficient routes for the formation of carbon-carbon bonds in both laboratorial and industrial synthetic processes. Here, we report for the first time that a Au-Pd/TiO2 catalyst could be utilized efficiently for Suzuki-Miyaura reactions at ambient conditions under visible light with high activity and reusability. Mechanistic investigation by means of experimental methods revealed that through the strong local surface plasma resonance of Au under the visible light, the hot electrons of Au could be injected into Pd in the bimetallic nanoparticles, thus facilitating activation of the aryl halides...
April 26, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443532/a-writer-s-guide-to-education-scholarship-quantitative-methodologies-for-medical-education-research-part-1
#11
Brent Thoma, Paola Camorlinga, Teresa M Chan, Andrew Koch Hall, Aleisha Murnaghan, Jonathan Sherbino
BACKGROUND: Quantitative research is one of the many research methods used to help educators advance their understanding of questions in medical education. However, little research has been done on how to succeed in publishing in this area. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a scoping review to identify key recommendations and reporting guidelines for quantitative educational research and scholarship. METHODS: Medline, ERIC, and Google Scholar were searched for English-language articles published between 2006 and January 2016 using the search terms, "research design," "quantitative," "quantitative methods," and "medical education...
April 26, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443518/limitations-of-current-therapeutic-options-possible-drug-targets-and-scope-of-natural-products-in-control-of-leishmaniasis
#12
Neeraj Tiwari, Mallikarjuna Rao Gedda, Vinod K Tiwari, Surya P Singh, Rakesh K Singh
Soon after the identification of Leishmania parasites,the pentavalent antimony compounds have been the mainstay to treat leishmanial infections, worldwide. These compounds were also considered true antileishmanial but the growing incidences of resistance have forced clinicians to use other options. However, due to unavailability of antileishmanial compounds, few drugs like pentamidine (antimicrobial), amphotericin B (antifungal) or miltefosine (antitumor) agents, which are associated with serious side effects, are currently being used...
April 24, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443329/direct-hyperpolarization-of-nitrogen-15-in-aqueous-media-with-parahydrogen-in-reversible-exchange
#13
Johannes F P Colell, Meike Emondts, Angus W J Logan, Kun Shen, Junu Bae, Roman V Shchepin, Gerardo X Ortiz, Peter Spannring, Qiu Wang, Steven J Malcolmson, Eduard Y Chekmenev, Martin C Feiters, Floris P J T Rutjes, Bernhard Bluemich, Thomas Theis, Warren S Warren
Signal Amplification By Reversible Exchange (SABRE) is an inexpensive, fast, and even continuous hyperpolarization technique that uses para-hydrogen as hyperpolarization source. However, current SABRE faces a number of stumbling blocks for translation to biochemical and clinical settings. Difficulties include inefficient polarization in in water, relatively short lived (1)H-polarization, and relatively limited substrate scope. Here we use a water soluble polarization transfer catalyst to hyperpolarize nitrogen-15 in a variety of molecules with SABRE-SHEATH (SABRE in Shield Enables Alignment Transfer to Heteronuclei)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442817/exploring-the-scope-of-enhanced-gonococcal-antimicrobial-surveillance-programme
#14
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442456/the-malaria-system-microapp-a-new-mobile-device-based-tool-for-malaria-diagnosis
#15
Allisson Dantas Oliveira, Clara Prats, Mateu Espasa, Francesc Zarzuela Serrat, Cristina Montañola Sales, Aroa Silgado, Daniel Lopez Codina, Mercia Eliane Arruda, Jordi Gomez I Prat, Jones Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a public health problem that affects remote areas worldwide. Climate change has contributed to the problem by allowing for the survival of Anopheles in previously uninhabited areas. As such, several groups have made developing news systems for the automated diagnosis of malaria a priority. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a new, automated, mobile device-based diagnostic system for malaria. The system uses Giemsa-stained peripheral blood samples combined with light microscopy to identify the Plasmodium falciparum species in the ring stage of development...
April 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442105/towards-development-of-a-universal-dengue-vaccine-how-close-are-we
#16
REVIEW
Ee Leen Pang, Hwei-San Loh
Dengue has been ranked as one of the top emerging diseases in Asia and Latin America. Current epidemiological data may not even reflect the true burden of disease due to under-reported figures. Vector control programmes have failed to contain the disease and worst of all, no specific treatment is available at the moment. Thereby, this pushes the demand for a dengue vaccine as a long-term protective approach. Despite there are numerous vaccine candidates ahead, they could be held back by different aspects in promoting vaccine implementation...
March 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442028/revisiting-the-ability-of-australian-primary-healthcare-services-to-respond-to-health-inequity
#17
Toby Freeman, Fran Baum, Angela Lawless, Sara Javanparast, Gwyn Jolley, Ronald Labonté, Michael Bentley, John Boffa, David Sanders
Equity of access and reducing health inequities are key objectives of comprehensive primary health care. However, the supports required to target equity are fragile and vulnerable to changes in the fiscal and political environment. Six Australian primary healthcare services, five in South Australia and one in the Northern Territory, were followed over 5 years (2009-2013) of considerable change. Fifty-five interviews were conducted with service managers, staff, regional health executives and health department representatives in 2013 to examine how the changes had affected their practice regarding equity of access and responding to health inequity...
September 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441509/patient-safety-and-quality-improvement-in-otolaryngology-education-a-systematic-review
#18
John D Gettelfinger, P Barrett Paulk, Cecelia E Schmalbach
Objective The breadth and depth of patient safety/quality improvement (PS/QI) research dedicated to otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OHNS) education remains unknown. This systematic review aims to define this scope and to identify knowledge gaps as well as potential areas of future study to improved PS/QI education and training in OHNS. Data Sources A computerized Ovid/Medline database search was conducted (January 1, 1965, to May 15, 2015). Similar computerized searches were conducted using Cochrane Database, PubMed, and Google Scholar...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441161/policy-brief-tackles-scope-of-practice-laws-and-their-impact
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440928/microplastics-as-contaminants-in-commercially-important-seafood-species
#20
David Santillo, Kathryn Miller, Paul Johnston
The ingestion of microplastic fragments, spheres, and fibers by marine mollusks, crustaceans, and fish, including a number of commercially important species, appears to be a widespread and pervasive phenomenon. Evidence is also growing for direct impacts of microplastic ingestion on physiology, reproductive success and survival of exposed marine organisms, and transfer through food webs, although the ecological implications are not yet known. Concerns also remain over the capacity for microplastics to act as vectors for harmful chemical pollutants, including plastic additives and persistent organic pollutants, although their contribution must be evaluated alongside other known sources...
May 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
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