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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088546/product-vs-corporate-carbon-footprint-some-methodological-issues-a-case-study-and-review-on-the-wine-sector
#1
Alejandra Navarro, Rita Puig, Pere Fullana-I-Palmer
Carbon footprint (CF) is nowadays one of the most widely used environmental indicators. The scope of the CF assessment could be corporate (when all production processes of a company are evaluated, together with upstream and downstream processes following a life cycle approach) or product (when one of the products is evaluated throughout its life cycle). Our hypothesis was that usually product CF studies (PCF) collect corporate data, because it is easier for companies to obtain them than product data. Six main methodological issues to take into account when collecting corporate data to be used for PCF studies were postulated and discussed in the present paper: fugitive emissions, credits from waste recycling, use of "equivalent factors", reference flow definition, accumulation and allocation of corporate values to minor products...
January 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088527/navigation-in-the-electronic-health-record-a-review-of-the-safety-and-usability-literature
#2
REVIEW
Lisette C Roman, Jessica S Ancker, Stephen B Johnson, Yalini Senathirajah
OBJECTIVE: Inefficient navigation in electronic health records has been shown to increase users' cognitive load, which may increase potential for errors, reduce efficiency, and increase fatigue. However, navigation has received insufficient recognition and attention in the electronic health record (EHR) literature as an independent construct and contributor to overall usability. Our aims in this literature review were to (1) assess the prevalence of navigation-related topics within the EHR usability and safety research literature, (2) categorize types of navigation actions within the EHR, (3) capture relationships between these navigation actions and usability principles, and (4) collect terms and concepts related to EHR navigation...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088316/individual-female-differences-in-chemoattractant-production-change-the-scale-of-sea-urchin-gamete-interactions
#3
Yasmeen H Hussain, Martin Sadilek, Shukri Salad, Richard K Zimmer, Jeffrey A Riffell
Sperm selection by females is an important process influencing fertilization and, particularly in broadcast-spawning organisms, often occurs before sperm reach the egg. Waterborne sperm chemoattractants are one mechanism by which eggs selectively influence conspecific sperm behavior, but it remains an open question whether the eggs from different females produce different amounts of sperm chemoattractant, and how that might influence sperm behavior. Here, we quantify the differences in attractant production between females of the sea urchin species Lytechinus pictus and use computational models and microfluidic sperm chemotaxis assays to determine how differences in chemoattractant production between females affects their ability to attract sperm...
January 11, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088172/ecotilling-by-sequencing-reveals-polymorphisms-in-genes-encoding-starch-synthases-that-are-associated-with-low-glycemic-response-in-rice
#4
Ramadoss Bharathi Raja, Somanath Agasimani, Sarita Jaiswal, Venkatesan Thiruvengadam, Robin Sabariappan, Ravindra N Chibbar, Sundaram Ganesh Ram
BACKGROUND: Glycemic response, a trait that is tedious to be assayed in cereal staples, has been identified as a factor correlated with alarmingly increasing prevalence of Type II diabetes. Reverse genetics based discovery of allelic variants associated with this nutritional trait gains significance as they can provide scope for genetic improvement of this factor which is otherwise difficult to target through routine screening methods. RESULTS: Through EcoTILLING by sequencing in 512 rice accessions, we report the discovery of six deleterious variants in the genes with potential to increase Resistant Starch (RS) and reduce Hydrolysis Index (HI) of starch...
January 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087587/association-between-dietary-intake-and-school-valued-outcomes-a-scoping-review
#5
H S K Chan, C Knight, M Nicholson
Approximately one in four Australian children aged 5-17 years are overweight or obese. Most of the health effects of overweight and obesity in childhood do not eventuate until into adulthood; therefore, motivation for children to have a healthy diet may be low. This scoping review examined the literature for associations between diet quality in 5-18 year olds and 'school-valued' outcomes including student attendance, academic performance, behaviour at school and mental health. A literature search for studies that assessed dietary intake and at least one 'school-valued' outcome in schoolchildren, in highly developed countries was conducted...
January 13, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087487/bioprinting-for-vascular-and-vascularized-tissue-biofabrication
#6
REVIEW
Pallab Datta, Bugra Ayan, Ibrahim T Ozbolat
: Bioprinting is a promising technology to fabricate design-specific tissue constructs due to its ability to create complex, heterocellular structures with anatomical precision. Bioprinting enables the deposition of various biologics including growth factors, cells, genes, neo-tissues and extra-cellular matrix-like hydrogels. Benefits of bioprinting have started to make a mark in the fields of tissue engineering, regenerative medicine and pharmaceutics. Specifically, in the field of tissue engineering, the creation of vascularized tissue constructs has remained a principal challenge till date...
January 10, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081575/what-arthroscopic-skills-need-to-be-trained-before-continuing-safe-training-in-the-operating-room
#7
Gabrielle Tuijthof, Federico Cabitza, Vincenza Ragone, Riccardo Compagnoni, Pietro Randelli
The purpose of this study was to generate consensus among experienced surgeons on "what skills a resident should possess before continuing safe training in the operating room (OR)." An online survey of 65 questions was developed and distributed to surgeons in the European community. A total of 216 responded. The survey included 15 questions regarding generic and specific skills; 16 on patient and tissue manipulation, 11 on knowledge of pathology and 6 on inspection of e-anatomical structures; 5 methods to prepare residents; and 12 on specific skills exercises...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080966/active-interoceptive-inference-and-the-emotional-brain
#8
REVIEW
Anil K Seth, Karl J Friston
We review a recent shift in conceptions of interoception and its relationship to hierarchical inference in the brain. The notion of interoceptive inference means that bodily states are regulated by autonomic reflexes that are enslaved by descending predictions from deep generative models of our internal and external milieu. This re-conceptualization illuminates several issues in cognitive and clinical neuroscience with implications for experiences of selfhood and emotion. We first contextualize interoception in terms of active (Bayesian) inference in the brain, highlighting its enactivist (embodied) aspects...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080030/chemoselective-enzymatic-c-h-bond-amination-catalyzed-by-a-cytochrome-p450-containing-an-ir-me-pix-cofactor
#9
Pawel Dydio, Hanna M Key, Hiroki Hayashi, Douglas S Clark, John F Hartwig
Cytochrome P450 enzymes have been engineered to catalyze abiological C-H bond amination reactions, but this abiological process is limited by the low chemoselectivity for the amination of C-H bonds over competing reduction of the substrate to a sulfonamide. Here we report that P450s derived from a thermophilic organism and containing an iridium porphyrin cofactor (Ir(Me)-PIX) in place of the heme catalyze C-H bond amination reactions with high chemoselectivity for intramolecular insertion of the resulting nitrenes into C-H bonds over reduction of the azide to the sulfonamide and with broader substrate scope than that of enzymes containing iron porphyrins...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079985/one-pot-bimetallic-pd-cu-catalyzed-synthesis-of-sulfonamides-from-boronic-acids-dabso-and-o-benzoyl-hydroxylamines
#10
Tao Tu, Haibo Zhu, Yajing Shen, Qinyue Deng, Changyu Huang
A practical and straightforward bimetallic Pd-Cu catalytic system has been successfully developed for synthesis of sulfonamides in one-pot manner from easily handle and readily available boronic acids, sulfur dioxide surrogate DABSO and O-benzoyl hydroxylamines in high yields. Without additional ligands, the newly developed catalytic system reveals a broad substrate scope for both partners and tolerates a wide array of functional groups even at low catalyst loadings. Furthermore, based on the control experiments, a plausible mechanism has been proposed, in which sodium sulfinate has been isolated and identified as the crucial intermediate for this straightforward bimetallic catalytic transformation...
January 12, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079900/a-curated-gene-list-for-reporting-results-of-newborn-genomic-sequencing
#11
Ozge Ceyhan-Birsoy, Kalotina Machini, Matthew S Lebo, Tim W Yu, Pankaj B Agrawal, Richard B Parad, Ingrid A Holm, Amy McGuire, Robert C Green, Alan H Beggs, Heidi L Rehm
PURPOSE: Genomic sequencing (GS) for newborns may enable detection of conditions for which early knowledge can improve health outcomes. One of the major challenges hindering its broader application is the time it takes to assess the clinical relevance of detected variants and the genes they impact so that disease risk is reported appropriately. METHODS: To facilitate rapid interpretation of GS results in newborns, we curated a catalog of genes with putative pediatric relevance for their validity based on the ClinGen clinical validity classification framework criteria, age of onset, penetrance, and mode of inheritance through systematic evaluation of published evidence...
January 12, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079714/radiomic-phenotyping-in-brain-cancer-to-unravel-hidden-information-in-medical-images
#12
Srishti Abrol, Aikaterini Kotrotsou, Ahmed Salem, Pascal O Zinn, Rivka R Colen
Radiomics is a new area of research in the field of imaging with tremendous potential to unravel the hidden information in digital images. The scope of radiology has grown exponentially over the last two decades; since the advent of radiomics, many quantitative imaging features can now be extracted from medical images through high-throughput computing, and these can be converted into mineable data that can help in linking imaging phenotypes with clinical data, genomics, proteomics, and other "omics" information...
January 11, 2017: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: TMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079698/pediatric-hand-surgery-in-global-health-the-role-for-international-outreach
#13
Karen Y Chung, Amanda Hanemaayer, Dan Poenaru
PURPOSE: There is emerging interest in hand surgery and global health. This was emphasized at the 2015 presidential address at the American Society for Surgery of Hand. Children are prioritized because of their increased risk for trauma and higher potential for better outcomes. This study aims to identify how hand surgical volunteer programs can benefit the pediatric hand surgical landscape in global health. There has been no literature review to date. METHODS: This institutional review board-approved review systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, African Journal Online, and the Journal of Hand Surgery...
February 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079001/application-of-organic-monolithic-materials-to-enantioseparation-in-capillary-separation-techniques
#14
Enrique Javier Carrasco-Correa, Ernesto Francisco Simó-Alfonso, Guillermo Ramis-Ramos, Jose Manuel Herero-Martinez
This review article is primarily focused on the state-of-the-art of enantioseparations on organic monolithic materials. The article gives an overview of the chiral stationary phases and its application in capillary electrochromatography (CEC), and capillary- and nano-liquid chromatography (cLC and nLC). Since thousands of publications have been emerged from 2000's and citing all these papers would extend the scope of this review, in this review, recent developments (from 2006 to 2016) last 10 years will be mentioned...
11, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078979/biotechnological-patents-applications-of-the-deuterium-oxide-in-human-health
#15
Alexsandro S Galdino, Reysla M da S Mariano, Wendell C Bila, Maria Jaciara F Trindade, Joel Alves Lamounier
BACKGROUND: Deuterium oxide is a molecule that has been used for decades in several studies related to human health. Currently, studies on D2O have mobilized a "Race for Patenting" worldwide. Several patents have been registered from biomedical and technological studies of D2O showing the potential of this stable isotope in industry and health care ecosystems. METHODS: Most of the patents relating to applications of the deuterium oxide in human health have been summarized in this review...
January 12, 2017: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078745/the-effect-of-structural-empowerment-of-nurses-on-quality-outcomes-in-hospitals-a-scoping-review
#16
Nicole S Goedhart, Catharina J van Oostveen, Hester Vermeulen
AIM: To assess and synthesise studies reporting direct associations between the structural empowerment of frontline nurses and quality outcomes, and to identify gaps in the current literature. BACKGROUND: The empowerment of nurses seems essential for delivering high-quality patient care. Understanding the relationship between empowerment and quality outcomes would enable nurse managers to make informed choices on improving the quality of care. METHODS: A scoping review examining the relationship between the structural empowerment of nurses and the quality, effectiveness, safety, efficiency and patient-centredness of care in hospitals...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078729/achieving-full-scope-of-practice-readiness-using-evidence-for-psychotherapy-teaching-in-web-and-hybrid-approaches-in-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-nursing-education
#17
Kathleen T McCoy
: Radical changes in role, education, and practice have affected how education of advance practice nurses and practice deliverables occur. PURPOSE: This article examines the effects of distance education upon the teaching/learning of psychotherapy in integrating Web-based technology and platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: With the advent and proliferation of online programs of study, the question begs: How do distance-linked programs successfully introduce, practice, and supervise one-to-one and group psychotherapy training? FINDINGS: By employing evidence-based education strategies, technology, and strong interpersonal skills and evidence-based therapies, a charter Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Doctor of Nursing Practice program paved an innovative and successful path...
January 12, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078515/capturing-genomic-relationships-that-matter
#18
REVIEW
Cameron S Osborne, Borbála Mifsud
There is a strong interrelationship within the cell nucleus between form and function of the genome. This connection is exhibited across multiple hierarchies, ranging from grand-scale positioning of chromosomes and their intersection with specific nuclear functional activities, the segregation of chromosome structure into distinct domains and long-range regulatory contacts that drive spatial and temporal expression patterns of genes. Fifteen years ago, the development of the chromosome conformation capture method placed the nature of specific, long-range regulatory interactions under scrutiny...
January 11, 2017: Chromosome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078496/theoretical-and-empirical-comparisons-of-methods-to-estimate-the-size-of-hard-to-reach-populations-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Paul Wesson, Arthur Reingold, Willi McFarland
Worldwide, the HIV epidemic is concentrated among hidden populations (i.e., female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs). To understand the true scope and scale of the HIV epidemic, estimates of the sizes of these populations are needed. Various methods are available to enumerate hidden populations, but the degree of agreement between these methods has not been formally evaluated. We systematically reviewed the peer-reviewed literature to assess the extent to which different population size estimation methods provide the same estimate of a target population...
January 11, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078401/-the-pregnant-surgeon-scope-and-limitations-of-employment-prohibition-according-to-the-draft-of-the-new-maternity-protection-act-mutterschutzgesetz-muschg%C3%A2-e
#20
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