keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

MDS

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734159/development-of-a-lc-ms-ms-method-for-the-determination-of-ckd-712-in-rat-plasma-application-to-a-pharmacokinetic-study-in-rats
#1
Jung-Woo Chae, Hwi-Yeol Yun, Han Young Eom, Eun Ju Jeong, Tae-Sung Koo, Kwang-Il Kwon, Jong-Hwa Lee
CKD-712 is a potential treatment for sepsis, as it exhibits protective effects against lipopolysaccharide-mediated platelet aggregation, inducible nitric oxide synthase expression, and cecum-ligation puncture-induced septic mortality in mice. In this study, we develop a rapid and sensitive LC-MS/MS method for determining CKD-712 in rat plasma. CKD-712 and papaverine hydrochloride (an internal standard) were analyzed using an LC-MS/MS system consisting of an Agilent HPLC system (HP-1100) equipped with an Atlantis HILIC Silica (2...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731851/the-frequency-of-occurrence-of-fish-shaped-red-blood-cells-in-different-haematologic-disorders
#2
Christoph Robier, Carolin Körber, Franz Quehenberger, Manfred Neubauer, Albert Wölfler
BACKGROUND: Red blood cells (RBC) resembling the silhouette of a fish are rarely observed in peripheral blood (PB) smears. In this study, we determined the frequency of occurrence of fish-shaped RBC in different haematologic diseases. METHODS: We examined PB smears of patients with iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) (n=23), β-thalassaemia minor (BTM) (n=30), sickle cell disease (SCD) (n=7), autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA) (n=13), microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia (MAHA) (n=11), hereditary sphaerocytosis (HS) (n=4), hereditary elliptocytosis (HE) (n=3), vitamin B12 and folate deficiency (n=15), anaemia in liver disease (LD) (n=17), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) (n=15), acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) (n=29), chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) (n=18), primary myelofibrosis (PMF) (n=12), chronic myelo-monocytic leukaemia (CMML) (n=15) and 21 healthy controls by light microscopy for the occurrence of fish-shaped erythrocytes...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730859/molecular-targeting-of-inosine-5-monophosphate-dehydrogenase-by-ff-10501-promotes-erythropoiesis-via-ros-mapk-pathway
#3
Michiko Ichii, Kenji Oritani, Motohiko Murase, Kensuke Komatsu, Mao Yamazaki, Rie Kyoden, Nobuko Kito, Yusuke Nozaki, Motoki Saito, Hiroyuki Iwamura, Yuzuru Kanakura
One of the major symptoms of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is severe cytopenia. Despite cytokine therapies, such as erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, many patients still require blood transfusions, and the development of new therapeutic approaches is needed. In this work, we studied the effects of the inosine-5'-monophosphate (IMP) dehydrogenase (IMPDH) inhibitor FF-10501 on erythropoiesis of human hematopoietic cells. Differentiation of K562 chronic myeloid leukemia cells to an erythroid lineage was promoted by FF-10501 in a dose-dependent manner...
July 21, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729302/vosaroxin-in-combination-with-decitabine-in-newly-diagnosed-older-patients-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia-or-high-risk-mds
#4
Naval Daver, Hagop Kantarjian, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Elias Jabbour, Gautam Borthakur, Mark Brandt, Sherry Pierce, Kenneth Vaughan, Jing Ning, Graciela M Nogueras González, Keyur Patel, Jeff Jorgensen, Naveen Pemmaraju, Tapan Kadia, Marina Konopleva, Michael Andreeff, Courtney DiNardo, Jorge Cortes, Renee Ward, Adam Craig, Farhad Ravandi
Vosaroxin is an anti-cancer quinolone derived DNA topoisomerase II inhibitor. We investigated vosaroxin with decitabine in patients ≥ 60 years of age with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (n=58) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) (≥ 10% blasts) (n=7) in a phase 2 non-randomized trial. The initial 22 patients received vosaroxin 90 mg/m2 on Days 1 and 4 with decitabine 20 mg/m2 Days 1-5 every 4-6 weeks for up to 7 cycles. Due to high incidence of mucositis the subsequent 43 patients received vosaroxin 70 mg/m2 Days 1 and 4...
July 20, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729147/adult-umbilical-cord-blood-transplantation-using-myeloablative-thiotepa-total-body-irradiation-and-fludarabine-conditioning
#5
Sarah Anand, Samantha Thomas, Kelly Corbet, Cristina Gasparetto, Gwynn D Long, Richard Lopez, Ashley K Morris, David A Rizzieri, Keith M Sullivan, Anthony D Sung, Stefanie Sarantopoulos, Nelson J Chao, Mitchell E Horwitz
Treatment related mortality (TRM) remains elevated in adult patients undergoing umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation, including an early rise in TRM suggestive of excessive toxicity associated with the standard myeloablative total body irradiation (TBI), fludarabine, and cyclophosphamide regimen. In an attempt to reduce regimen-related toxicity, we previously studied a modified myeloablative regimen with total body irradiation (1350 cGy) and fludarabine (160 mg/m(2)); TRM was decreased but neutrophil engraftment was suboptimal...
July 17, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728504/the-diverse-expression-of-the-wt1-gene-in-patients-with-acquired-bone-marrow-failure-syndromes
#6
Yahong You, Jiali Huo, Shihong Lu, Yingqi Shao, Meili Ge, Jun Shi, Xingxin Li, Jinbo Huang, Zhendong Huang, Jing Zhang, Min Wang, Neng Nie, Yizhou Zheng
Acquired bone marrow failure syndromes (aBMFS) encompass a wide range of diseases. A study to investigate WT1 expression in BM was conducted in 387 patients with aBMFS in China. The WT1 level in patients with aplastic anemia (AA) was significantly lower than that in patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH, p = .023) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS, p < .001). In addition, the WT1 level in patients with MDS significantly increased as the disease progressed to an advanced stage. Patients with hypoplastic MDS had a differentiated expression level of WT1 compared with that of NSAA (p < ...
July 21, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722156/chemometric-evaluation-of-hypericin-and-related-phytochemicals-in-17-in-vitro-cultured-hypericum-species-hairy-root-cultures-and-hairy-root-derived-transgenic-plants
#7
Katarína Nigutová, Souvik Kusari, Selahaddin Sezgin, Linda Petijová, Jana Henzelyová, Miroslava Bálintová, Michael Spiteller, Eva Čellárová
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to ascertain the presence and correlations among eight important secondary metabolites viz. hypericin, pseudohypericin, emodin, hyperforin, rutin, hyperoside, quercetin and quercitrin in different organs of 17 in vitro cultured Hypericum species, along with H. tomentosum and H. tetrapterum hairy root cultures, and hairy root-derived transgenic plants of H. tomentosum. METHODS: Samples were extracted and analysed by LC-MS...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720764/high-expression-of-abcg2-induced-by-ezh2-disruption-plays-pivotal-roles-in-mds-pathogenesis
#8
Kimihito C Kawabata, Yasutaka Hayashi, Daichi Inoue, Hiroko Meguro, Hiroko Sakurai, Tomofusa Fukuyama, Yosuke Tanaka, Shuhei Asada, Tsuyoshi Fukushima, Reina Nagase, Reina Takeda, Yuka Harada, Jiro Kitaura, Susumu Goyama, Hironori Harada, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Toshio Kitamura
Both proto-oncogenic and tumor-suppressive functions have been reported for EZH2. To investigate the effects of its inactivation, a mutant EZH2 lacking its catalytic domain was prepared (EZH2-dSET). In a mouse bone marrow transplant (BMT) model, EZH2-dSET expression in bone marrow cells (BMCs) induced an MDS-like disease in transplanted mice. Analysis of these mice identified Abcg2 as a direct target of EZH2. Intriguingly, Abcg2 expression alone induced the same disease in the transplanted mice, where stemness genes were enriched...
July 19, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717283/training-pathways-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-across-the-globe-a-mini-review
#9
REVIEW
Sanjeev Kumar
Due to historical reasons, many different training pathways exist across countries that lead to a degree in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Although it is generally accepted to be a specialty of dentistry, the complex nature of procedures being performed by OMF surgeons today, has necessitated extensive general surgical training. Many countries have thus made dual qualification mandatory, while others have extended training programs in OMFS with integrated medical teaching. In India, frequent contact with foriegn experts, availability of world-class equipment and efforts of individual surgeons has ensured that the full scope of OMFS is practised in select centres of learning...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716154/new-insights-from-gorongosa-national-park-and-niassa-national-reserve-of-mozambique-increasing-the-genetic-diversity-of-trypanosoma-vivax-and-trypanosoma-vivax-like-in-tsetse-flies-wild-ungulates-and-livestock-from-east-africa
#10
Carla Mf Rodrigues, Herakles A Garcia, Adriana C Rodrigues, André G Costa-Martins, Carlos L Pereira, Dagmar L Pereira, Zakaria Bengaly, Luis Neves, Erney P Camargo, Patrick B Hamilton, Marta Mg Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Trypanosoma (Duttonella) vivax is a major pathogen of livestock in Africa and South America (SA), and genetic studies limited to small sampling suggest greater diversity in East Africa (EA) compared to both West Africa (WA) and SA. METHODS: Multidimensional scaling and phylogenetic analyses of 112 sequences of the glycosomal glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase (gGAPDH) gene and 263 sequences of the internal transcribed spacer of rDNA (ITS rDNA) were performed to compare trypanosomes from tsetse flies from Gorongosa National Park and Niassa National Reserve of Mozambique (MZ), wild ungulates and livestock from EA, and livestock isolates from WA and SA...
July 17, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715594/physical-exercise-and-oxidative-stress-in-muscular-dystrophies-is-there-a-good-balance
#11
L Chico, G Ricci, M Cosci O Di Coscio, C Simoncini, G Siciliano
The effect of oxidative stress on muscle damage inducted by physical exercise is widely debated. It is generally agreed that endurance and intense exercise can increase oxidative stress and generate changes in antioxidant power inducing muscle damage; however, regular and moderate exercise can be beneficial for the health improving the antioxidant defense mechanisms in the majority of cases. Growing evidences suggest that an increased oxidative/nitrosative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of several muscular dystrophies (MDs)...
July 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714213/smoking-and-alcohol-and-subsequent-risk-of-myelodysplastic-syndromes-in-japan-the-japan-public-health-centre-based-prospective-study
#12
Tomotaka Ugai, Keitaro Matsuo, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Taiki Yamaji, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Manami Inoue, Yoshinobu Kanda, Shoichiro Tsugane
Smoking and alcohol are important modifiable risk factors for human cancers. However, few epidemiological studies have investigated their association with the risk of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Here, we investigated the association of smoking and alcohol consumption and the risk of MDS in a large-scale population-based cohort study in Japan. We included 95 510 Japanese subjects (45 451 men and 50 059 women; age 40-69 years at baseline) and identified 70 MDS cases (50 men and 20 women) during 18·3 years of follow-up...
July 17, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711727/a-chemotherapy-only-regimen-of-busulfan-melphalan-and-fludarabine-and-rabbit-atg-followed-by-allogeneic-t-cell-depleted-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplants-for-the-treatment-of-myeloid-malignancies
#13
Barbara Spitzer, Ann A Jakubowski, Esperanza B Papadopoulos, Kirsten Fuller, Patrick D Hilden, James W Young, Juliet Barker, Guenther Koehne, Miguel-Angel Perales, Katharine C Hsu, Marcel R M van den Brink, Nancy A Kernan, Susan E Prockop, Andromachi Scaradavou, Hugo Castro-Malaspina, Richard J O'Reilly, Farid Boulad
We sought to develop a myeloablative chemotherapeutic regimen to secure consistent engraftment of T-cell depleted (TCD) hematopoietic stem cell transplants (HSCT) without the need for total body irradiation, thereby reducing toxicity, while maintaining low rates of GvHD and without increasing relapse. We investigated the myeloablative combination of busulfan and melphalan, with the immunosuppressive agents fludarabine and rabbit anti-thymocyte gloubin (r-ATG) as cytoreduction prior to a T-cell depleted HSCT...
July 12, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711726/-if-all-you-have-is-a-hammer-%C3%A2-transplants-for-myelodysplastic-syndrome-mds-after-hypomethylating-agents-hma-fail
#14
Alison Wakoff Loren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711661/mechanisms-of-action-and-clinical-efficacy-of-nmda-receptor-modulators-in-mood-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Mehdi Ghasemi, Cristy Phillips, Atoossa Fahimi, Margaret Windy McNerney, Ahmad Salehi
Although the biogenic amine models have provided meaningful links between clinical phenomena and pharmacological management of with mood disorders (MDs), the onset of action of current treatments is slow and a proportion of individuals fail to adequately respond. A growing number of investigations have focused on the glutamatergic system as a viable target. Herein we review the putative role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) signaling in the pathophysiology of MDs. Prompting this focus are several lines of evidence: 1) altered glutamate and NMDA receptor (NMDAR) expression and functioning; 2) antidepressant effects of NMDAR signaling blockers; 3) interaction between conventional therapeutic regimens and NMDAR signaling modulators; 4) biochemical evidence of interaction between monoaminergic system and NMDAR signaling; 5) interaction between neurotrophic factors and NMDAR signaling in mood regulation; 6) cross-talk between NMDAR signaling and inflammatory processes; and 7) antidepressant effects of a number of NMDA modulators in recent clinical trials...
July 12, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708665/hyperbaric-versus-isobaric-bupivacaine-for-spinal-anesthesia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-for-adult-patients-undergoing-noncesarean-delivery-surgery
#16
Vishal Uppal, Susanne Retter, Harsha Shanthanna, Christopher Prabhakar, Dolores M McKeen
BACKGROUND: It is widely believed that the choice between isobaric bupivacaine and hyperbaric bupivacaine formulations alters the block characteristics for the conduct of surgery under spinal anesthesia. The aim of this study was to systematically review the comparative evidence regarding the effectiveness and safety of the 2 formulations when used for spinal anesthesia for adult noncesarean delivery surgery. METHODS: Key electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials, excluding cesarean delivery surgeries under spinal anesthesia, without any language or date restrictions...
July 13, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708320/monosomy-7-del-7q-in-inherited-bone-marrow-failure-syndromes-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Alex Pezeshki, Shreya Podder, Ralph Kamel, Seth J Corey
Inherited bone marrow failure syndromes (IBMFS) are rare cancer predisposition syndromes with an especially high risk of transformation to myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and/or acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We performed a retrospective systematic review of reported MDS/AML arising in the eight most common IBMFS to determine the frequency and outcome of chromosome 7 abnormalities. We identified 738 MDS/AML cases of 4,293 individuals. Monosomy 7 or del (7q) occurred in ∼17%. Greater understanding of the roles played by sequential acquisition of genetic and cytogenetic changes will provide insights into myeloid leukemogenesis and improve the surveillance and hopefully outcomes for individuals with IBMFS...
July 14, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705782/biologics-in-myelodysplastic-syndrome-related-systemic-inflammatory-and-autoimmune-diseases-french-multicenter-retrospective-study-of-29-patients
#18
REVIEW
Arsene Mekinian, Guillaume Dervin, Nathanael Lapidus, Jean-Emmanuel Kahn, Louis Terriou, Eric Liozon, Eric Grignano, Jean-Charles Piette, Odile Beyne Rauzy, Vincent Grobost, Pascal Godmer, Jerome Gillard, Julien Rossignol, David Launay, Achille Aouba, Thierry Cardon, Laurence Bouillet, Jonathan Broner, Julien Vinit, Lionel Ades, Fabrice Carrat, Clementine Salvado, Eric Toussirot, Mathilde Versini, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, Jean Baptiste Fraison, Philippe Guilpain, Pierre Fenaux, Olivier Fain
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases (SIADs) associated with myelodysplastic syndromes are often difficult to treat. Corticosteroids are efficient but only usually at high doses. The use of biologics needs to be specified. METHODS: In a French multicenter retrospective study, we analyzed the efficacy and safety of biologics (tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α] antagonists, tocilizumab, rituximab and anakinra) for SIADs associated with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs)...
July 10, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705540/three-year-safety-of-radium-223-dichloride-in-patients-with-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-and-symptomatic-bone-metastases-from-phase-3-randomized-alpharadin-in-symptomatic-prostate-cancer-trial
#19
Christopher C Parker, Robert E Coleman, Oliver Sartor, Nicholas J Vogelzang, David Bottomley, Daniel Heinrich, Svein I Helle, Joe M O'Sullivan, Sophie D Fosså, Aleš Chodacki, Paweł Wiechno, John Logue, Mihalj Seke, Anders Widmark, Dag Clement Johannessen, Peter Hoskin, Nicholas D James, Arne Solberg, Isabel Syndikus, Jan Kliment, Steffen Wedel, Sibylle Boehmer, Marcos Dall'Oglio, Lars Franzén, Øyvind S Bruland, Oana Petrenciuc, Karin Staudacher, Rui Li, Sten Nilsson
BACKGROUND: In Alpharadin in Symptomatic Prostate Cancer (ALSYMPCA) trial, radium-223 versus placebo prolonged overall survival with favorable safety in castration-resistant prostate cancer patients with symptomatic bone metastases. Long-term radium-223 monitoring underlies a comprehensive safety and risk/benefit assessment. OBJECTIVE: To report updated ALSYMPCA safety, including long-term safety up to 3 yr after the first injection. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Safety analyses from phase 3 randomized ALSYMPCA trial included patients receiving ≥1 study-drug injection (600 radium-223 and 301 placebo)...
July 10, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705027/tensor-algebra-based-geometric-methodology-to-codify-central-chirality-on-organic-molecules
#20
C R García-Jacas, Y Marrero-Ponce, T Hernández-Ortega, K Martinez-Mayorga, L Cabrera-Leyva, J C Ledesma-Romero, I Aguilera-Fernández, A R Rodríguez-León
A novel mathematical procedure to codify chiral features of organic molecules in the QuBiLS-MIDAS framework is introduced. This procedure constitutes a generalization to that commonly used to date, where the values 1 and -1 (correction factor) are employed to weight the molecular vectors when each atom is labelled as R (rectus) or S (sinister) according to the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog rules. Therefore, values in the range [Formula: see text] with steps equal to 0.25 may be accounted for. The atoms labelled R or S can have negative and positive values assigned (e...
July 14, 2017: SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research
keyword
keyword
1150
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"