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Sin tax

Shweta R Singh, Richard Coker, Hubertus J-M Vrijhoef, Yee Sin Leo, Angela Chow, Poh Lian Lim, Qinghui Tan, Mark I-Cheng Chen, Zoe Jane-Lara Hildon
BACKGROUND: Hospital usage and service demand during an Infectious Disease (ID) outbreak can tax the health system in different ways. Herein we conceptualize hospital surge elements, and lessons learnt from such events, to help build appropriately matched responses to future ID surge threats. METHODS: We used the Interpretive Descriptive qualitative approach. Interviews (n = 35) were conducted with governance and public health specialists; hospital based staff; and General Practitioners...
September 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Janani Muhunthan, Blake Angell, Maree L Hackett, Andrew Wilson, Jane Latimer, Anne-Marie Eades, Stephen Jan
OBJECTIVES: The national and subnational governments of most developed nations have adopted cost-effective regulatory and legislative controls over alcohol supply and consumption with great success. However, there has been a lack of scrutiny of the effectiveness and appropriateness of these laws in shaping the health-related behaviours of Indigenous communities, who disproportionately experience alcohol-related harm. Further, such controls imposed unilaterally without Indigenous consultation have often been discriminatory and harmful in practice...
March 27, 2017: BMJ Open
David Reubi
This article tells a different but equally important story about neoliberalism and global health than the narrative on structural adjustment policies usually found in the literature. Rather than focus on macroeconomic structural adjustment policies, this story draws our attention to microeconomic taxation policies on tobacco, alcohol and sugar now widely recognised as the best strategy to control the global non-communicable disease epidemic. Structural adjustment policies are the product of the shift from statist to market-based development models, which was brought about by neoliberal thinkers like Peter Blau and Deepak Lal...
October 19, 2016: Critical Public Health
Chun-Kit Yuen, Ching-Ping Chan, Sin-Yee Fung, Pei-Hui Wang, Wan-Man Wong, Hei-Man Vincent Tang, Kit-San Yuen, Chi-Ping Chan, Dong-Yan Jin, Kin-Hang Kok
UNLABELLED: Infection with human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is associated with adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and tropical spastic paraparesis. Type I interferons (IFNs) are key effectors of the innate antiviral response, and IFN-α combined with the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor zidovudine is considered the standard first-line therapy for ATL. HTLV-1 oncoprotein Tax is known to suppress innate IFN production and response but the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully established...
April 2016: Journal of Virology
Dinesh C Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Lancet Oncology
Carla J Berg, Madeleine Solomon, Amy Barkley, Eric Bailey, Sherell Brown Goodwin, Michelle C Kegler
OBJECTIVES: We examine influences on southeastern state legislators' actions related to tobacco tax increases. METHODS: In 2014, we interviewed 26 former state legislators in southeastern states via phone. RESULTS: Themes regarding factors impeding increasing tobacco taxes included: tobacco's legacy in the South, protecting vulnerable populations from increased cigarette costs, concern about economic impact, opposing "sin" taxes, concern about impact on reelection, and perceptions that constituents oppose all taxes...
September 2015: Health Behavior and Policy Review
Justin S White, Hana Ross
In addition to quitting and cutting consumption, smokers faced with higher cigarette prices may compensate in several ways that mute the health impact of cigarette taxes. This study examines three price avoidance strategies among adult male smokers in Thailand: trading down to a lower-priced brand, buying individual sticks of cigarettes instead of packs, and substituting roll-your-own tobacco for factory-manufactured cigarettes. Using two panels of microlevel data from the International Tobacco Control Southeast Asia Study, collected in 2005 and 2006, we estimate the effects of a substantial excise tax increase implemented throughout Thailand in December 2005...
February 2015: Health Economics
David Reubi
This article addresses the increasing influence of economic rationalities in global health over the past 30 years by examining the genealogy of one economic strategy - taxation - that has become central to international anti-smoking initiatives in the global South. It argues that this genealogy sits uncomfortably with the usual story about economics and global health, which reduces the economisation of international health to neoliberal structural adjustment policies aimed at stabilisation, liberalisation and privatisation and laments their detrimental effect on health...
June 2013: BioSocieties
Michael J Joyner, David O Warner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2013: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Jean-Yves Nau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2012: Revue Médicale Suisse
Christine Piette Durrance, Shelley Golden, Krista Perreira, Philip Cook
With costs exceeding $5.8 billion per year, violence against women has significant ramifications for victims, their families, the health care systems that treat them, and the employers who depend on their labor. Prior research has found that alcohol abuse contributes to violence against both men and women, and that stringent alcohol control policies can reduce alcohol consumption and in turn some forms of violence. In this paper, we estimate the direct relationship between an important alcohol control measure, excise taxes, and the most extreme form of violence, homicide...
July 2011: Social Science & Medicine
Agata Chełstowska
This paper is about the economic consequences of the stigmatisation and illegality of abortion and its almost complete removal from public health services in Poland since the late 1980s. Once abortion left the public sphere, it entered the grey zone of private arrangements, in which a woman's private worries became someone else's private gain, and her sin turned into gold. The most important consequence was social inequality, as the right to health, life, information and safety became commodities on the free market...
May 2011: Reproductive Health Matters
Rebecca Green
ABSTRACT The current global economic crisis is forcing governments to consider a variety of methods to generate funds for infrastructure. In the United States, smoking-related illness and an obesity epidemic are forcing public health institutions to consider a variety of methods to influence health behaviors of entire target groups. In this paper, the author uses a public health nursing model, the Public Health Code of Ethics (Public Health Leadership Society, 2002), the American Nurses' Association (ANA) Code of Ethics (2001), and other relevant ethical theory to weigh and balance the arguments for and against the use of sin taxes...
January 2011: Public Health Nursing
Claudia Chaufan, Gee Hee Hong, Patrick Fox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2010: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
David T Levy, Sung-il Cho, Young-Mee Kim, Susan Park, Mee-Kyung Suh, Sin Kam
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effect of strict tobacco control policies, implemented beginning in 1995 in the Republic of Korea, on smoking prevalence and deaths. METHODS: SimSmoke is a simulation model of the effect of tobacco control policies over time on smoking initiation and cessation. It uses standard attribution methods to estimate lives saved as a result of new policies. After validating the model against smoking prevalence, we used it to determine the Korean policies' effect on smoking prevalence...
July 2010: American Journal of Public Health
Claudia Chaufan, Gee Hee Hong, Patrick Fox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2009: New England Journal of Medicine
Timothy K M Beatty, Erling Røed Larsen, Dag Einar Sommervoll
This paper investigates household purchasing behavior in response to differing alcohol and tobacco taxes near an international border. Our study suggests that large tax differentials near borders induce economically important tax avoidance behavior, which may limit a government's ability to raise revenue and potentially undermine important health and social policy goals. We match novel supermarket scanner and consumer expenditure data to measure the size and scope of the effect for households and stores. We find that stores near/far from the international border have statistically significantly lower/higher sales of beer and tobacco than comparable stores far/near the border...
December 2009: Journal of Health Economics
D E Koshland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 1989: Science
Michel O'Neill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2006: Promotion & Education
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