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Pediatric Parenteral nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889929/twenty-eight-years-of-intestinal-transplantation-in-paris-experience-of-the-oldest-european-centre
#1
F Lacaille, S Irtan, L Dupic, C Talbotec, F Lesage, V Colomb, N Salvi, F Moulin, F Sauvat, Y Aigrain, Y Revillon, O Goulet, C Chardot
AIM: Our aim is to describe our achievements in pediatric intestinal transplantation (ITx) and define areas for improvement. METHODS: After a period (1987-90) of 9 isolated small bowel transplants (SBTx) where only one patient survived with her graft, 110 ITx were performed on 101 children from 1994 to 2014: 60 SBTx, 45 liver-small bowel, 4 multivisceral (3 with kidneys), 1 modified multivisceral. Indications were short bowel syndrome (36), motility disorders (30), congenital enteropathies (34) and others (1)...
November 27, 2016: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855998/outcomes-from-a-12-week-open-label-multicenter-clinical-trial-of-teduglutide-in-pediatric-short-bowel-syndrome
#2
Beth A Carter, Valeria C Cohran, Conrad R Cole, Mark R Corkins, Reed A Dimmitt, Christopher Duggan, Susan Hill, Simon Horslen, Joel D Lim, David F Mercer, Russell J Merritt, Peter F Nichol, Luther Sigurdsson, Daniel H Teitelbaum, John Thompson, Charles Vanderpool, Juliana F Vaughan, Benjamin Li, Nader N Youssef, Robert S Venick, Samuel A Kocoshis
OBJECTIVE: To determine safety and pharmacodynamics/efficacy of teduglutide in children with intestinal failure associated with short bowel syndrome (SBS-IF). STUDY DESIGN: This 12-week, open-label study enrolled patients aged 1-17 years with SBS-IF who required parenteral nutrition (PN) and showed minimal or no advance in enteral nutrition (EN) feeds. Patients enrolled sequentially into 3 teduglutide cohorts (0.0125 mg/kg/d [n = 8], 0.025 mg/kg/d [n = 14], 0...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849236/treatment-of-short-bowel-syndrome-in-children-value-of-the-intestinal-rehabilitation-program
#3
Uenis Tannuri, Fabio de Barros, Ana Cristina Aoun Tannuri
The main cause of acute intestinal failure is short bowel syndrome, generally as a result of resection of extensive segments of small intestine. As a result, the main symptoms are watery diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, chronic malnutrition, and death, if the patient is not properly treated. If the length of the remaining intestine is greater than 30 cm, complete adaptation is possible and the patient may not require parenteral nutrition. The currently recommended treatment includes the use of prolonged parenteral nutrition and enteral nutrition, always aimed at constant weight gain, in conjunction with surgeries aimed at elongating the dilated bowel...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846059/taurolidine-in-pediatric-home-parenteral-nutrition-patients
#4
Emma Claire Hulshof, Lidwien Marieke Hanff, Joanne Olieman, Susanna de Vette, Gert-Jan Driessen, Conny Meeussen, Johanna Caroline Escher
In order to reduce the incidence of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) in home parenteral nutrition patients, the use of taurolidine was introduced in the Sophia Children's Hospital in 2011. This introduction led to a reduction in CRBSI: 12.7/1,000 catheter days before the use of taurolidine, compared with 4.3/1,000 catheter days afterwards (n=7) (relative risk=0.36, 95%CI: 0.20-0.65 (p= 0,018)).
November 11, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842958/mortality-related-factors-in-gastroschisis-a-jamaican-perspective
#5
Sarah G Marshall Niles, Kathryn Mitchell-Fearon, Mitchell I Gill, Claudine J DeSouza, Ian C Fearon, Colin A Abel, Brian A James, Noel J McLennon
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mortality rate of patients treated with gastroschisis at a Jamaican pediatric hospital, and to identify factors that contribute significantly to mortality. METHODS: Eighty-five patients were treated with gastroschisis between November 1, 2006 and November 30, 2015. Of these, 80 records were recovered and reviewed retrospectively. Records were analyzed for maternal and patient characteristics, and details of the clinical course. Death during admission was the primary outcome measure...
October 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788917/-nutritional-management-for-patients-hospitalized-during-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-guidelines-from-the-francophone-society-of-bone-marrow-transplantation-and-cellular-therapy-sfgm-tc
#6
Jacques-Olivier Bay, Caroline Dendoncker, Marie Angeli, Thomas Biot, Marinette Chikhi, Cécile Combal, Line Jouannic, Guénola Kermeur, Lisa Lopvet, Tony Marchand, Stéphanie Schmitt, Sophie Servais, Ibrahim Yakoub-Agha, David Seguy
Allogeneic haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation is usually applied with success for patients with diseases involving bone marrow and associated with frequent and severe malnutrition. Denutrition is an independent survival factor and contribute to transplant-related mortality. Due to the heaviness of the treatment, this event is frequent. Before allogeneic transplantation, the nutritional statute should be evaluated. The adult or pediatric patient's evaluation modalities and nutritional needs are detailed in this paper...
November 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782890/pediatric-small-bowel-transplantation-a-single-center-experience-from-turkey
#7
Cem Tuğmen, Maşallah Baran, İsmail Sert, Ayşe Berna Anıl, Eyüp Kebapçı, Sait Murat Doğan, Selçuk Kılınç, Gaye Aydın, Ayşe Gülden Diniz, Mustafa Ölmez, İbrahim Pirim, Cezmi Karaca
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Small bowel transplantation (SBTx) is a treatment option for patients with serious parenteral nutrition-related problems in intestinal failure. İzmir Tepecik Training Research Hospital Organ Transplantation Center is still the only pediatric intestinal transplant center in Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was approved by the local ethics committee. Patients' data were analyzed from the medical charts and the hospital digital database. Seven isolated SBTxs were performed in six children between 2010 and 2016...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738262/underweight-status-is-an-independent-predictor-of-in-hospital-mortality-in-pediatric-patients-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#8
Pilar Anton-Martin, Michael Papacostas, Elisabeth Lee, Paul A Nakonezny, Michael L Green
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with an increased risk of mortality in patients admitted to the intensive care unit. Children requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support represent an extremely ill subset of this population. There is a lack of data on the impact of nutrition state on survival in this cohort. We examined the association between being underweight and in-hospital mortality among children supported with ECMO. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This article reports on an observational retrospective cohort study performed among neonatal and pediatric patients supported with ECMO in a tertiary children's hospital from May 1996 through June 2013...
October 13, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684636/clinical-application-of-prophylactic-ethanol-lock-therapy-in-pediatric-patients-with-intestinal-failure
#9
Sheila L Robbins Tighe
Patients with intestinal failure have an increased risk for catheter-related bloodstream infections that can necessitate central venous line replacement and result in morbidity, prolonged hospitalization, or mortality. For pediatric patients with intestinal failure, the severe loss of intestinal absorptive ability leads to reliance on parenteral nutrition to meet minimal needs required for growth and development. Reliance on parenteral nutrition, in turn, forces dependency on central venous lines. Recent research concentrating on the pediatric population with intestinal failure indicates that prophylactic ethanol lock therapy can reduce the rate of catheter-related bloodstream infections and decrease central venous line removal rates in this high-risk population...
September 2016: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683392/pediatric-intestinal-failure-associated-liver-disease-challenges-in-identifying-clinically-relevant-biomarkers
#10
Kathleen M Gura, Andrew E Mulberg, Paul D Mitchell, John Yap, Clara Y Kim, Minjun Chen, Alexis Potemkin, Mark Puder
BACKGROUND: Intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) is complex and diagnosed by concurrent use of parenteral nutrition, clinical presentation, and alterations in hepatic biomarkers exclusive of other causes of liver disease. In comparison with individual measures, composite biomarkers may provide a more effective means for assessing disease progression and response to treatment than single parameters. Since IFALD is considered by some to be a type of drug-induced liver injury (DILI), those diagnostic criteria could potentially be used in this population...
September 28, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554675/hypoglycemia-during-the-temporary-interruption-of-parenteral-nutrition-infusion-in-pediatric-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#11
Ryu Yanagisawa, Kouichi Takeuchi, Kazutoshi Komori, Ikuko Fujihara, Yoshihiko Hidaka, Daisuke Morita, Akiko Futatsugi, Takako Ono, Eiko Hidaka, Kazuo Sakashita, Masaaki Shiohara
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is required with pediatric procedures such as hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, risks associated with temporary PN infusion interruption remain unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed in 22 children undergoing HSCT receiving PN with the same daily routine: temporary PN infusion interruption before breakfast for administering a saline-diluted acyclovir drip. After correcting patients' glucose levels, we examined minimum blood glucose levels between preparative regimen initiation and post-HSCT day 30...
August 23, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533942/intravenous-fat-emulsion-formulations-for-the-adult-and-pediatric-patient-understanding-the-differences
#12
REVIEW
Lorenzo Anez-Bustillos, Duy T Dao, Meredith A Baker, Gillian L Fell, Mark Puder, Kathleen M Gura
Intravenous fat emulsions (IVFEs) provide essential fatty acids (EFAs) and are a dense source of energy in parenteral nutrition (PN). Parenterally administered lipid was introduced in the 17th century but plagued with side effects. The formulation of IVFEs later on made it a relatively safe component for administration to patients. Many ingredients are common to all IVFEs, yet the oil source(s) and its (their) percentage(s) makes them different from each other. The oil used dictates how IVFEs are metabolized and cleared from the body...
October 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521143/repackaging-of-intravenous-fat-emulsions-a-clinical-conundrum
#13
M Petrea Cober
To accommodate small fluid volumes, repackaging of intravenous fat emulsions (IVFEs) is frequently performed in institutions providing parenteral nutrition to neonates and smaller pediatric patients. However, some consider this an unsafe practice. Concerns for potential administration errors leading to an overdose of IVFEs are weighed against the potential for microbial contamination from the repackaging process. The clinician providing pediatric nutrition support should tailor repackaging practices to ensure patient safety and quality...
October 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503937/glucagon-like-peptide-2-stimulates-postresection-intestinal-adaptation-in-preterm-pigs-by-affecting-proteins-related-to-protein-carbohydrate-and-sulphur-metabolism
#14
Pingping Jiang, Andreas Vegge, Thomas Thymann, Jennifer Man-Fan Wan, Per Torp Sangild
BACKGROUND: Exogenous glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) stimulates intestinal adaptation after resection in animal models of pediatric short bowel syndrome (SBS). It is unknown whether the molecular mechanisms of such GLP-2 effects are similar to those of postresection spontaneous adaptation. Using preterm pigs as a model, we hypothesized that GLP-2 treatment would change the intestinal proteome within the first week after resection, relative to individuals not resected or resected without GLP-2 treatment...
August 8, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490606/nutrition-and-mesenteric-issues-in-pediatric-cardiac-critical-care
#15
Alejandro A Floh, Julie Slicker, Steven M Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this review are to discuss the challenges of delivering adequate nutrition to children with congenital heart disease, including pre- and postoperative factors and the role of enteral and parenteral nutrition, as well as the evidence supporting current practices. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE and PubMed. CONCLUSION: Providing adequate nutritional support is paramount for critically ill infants with congenital heart disease, a population at particular risk for malnutrition...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488325/catheter-related-blood-stream-infection-in-patients-receiving-long-term-home-parenteral-nutrition-tertiary-care-hospital-experience-in-saudi-arabia
#16
Esraa S Al-Tawil, Alanoud M Almuhareb, Hamdy M Amin
BACKGROUND/AIM: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a lifesaving therapy for patients with many severe conditions, including intestinal failure. Some patients require long-term PN therapy, which makes home parenteral nutrition (HPN) an attractive option to improve the quality of life. Among the most common and serious complications observed in these patients are catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSIs). The aim of our study is to determine the frequency of CRBSI among patients receiving long-term HPN...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27482764/duodenal-disaccharidase-activities-during-and-after-weaning-off-parenteral-nutrition-in-pediatric-intestinal-failure
#17
Galina Sanaksenaho, Annika Mutanen, Antti I Koivusalo, Laura Merras-Salmio, Mikko P Pakarinen
AIMS: Data on factors affecting absorptive function in children with intestinal failure (IF) are sparse. We evaluated duodenal disaccharidase activities and inflammation in relation to parenteral nutrition (PN) and intestinal resection in pediatric onset IF. METHODS: Disaccharidase (maltase, sucrase, and lactase) activities and histologic inflammation were evaluated from duodenal biopsies in 58 patients during PN (n = 23) or full enteral nutrition (n = 40) and in 43 matched controls...
July 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461433/efficacy-of-ethanol-locks-to-reduce-the-incidence-of-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-for-home-parenteral-nutrition-pediatric-patients-comparison-of-therapeutic-treatment-with-prophylactic-treatment
#18
Takafumi Kawano, Tatsuru Kaji, Shun Onishi, Koji Yamada, Waka Yamada, Kazuhiko Nakame, Motoi Mukai, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Children with intestinal failure (IF) requiring central venous catheters (CVCs) often experience frequent catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs), which is a serious and life-threatening complication. To reduce the incidence of CRBSI, prophylactic ethanol lock therapy (ELT) was initiated. METHODS: Patients with IF received home parenteral nutrition via a silicone tunneled CVC. All of them had received therapeutic ELT from January 2009 (first period) and prophylactic ELT from December 2012 (second period)...
September 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433892/small-bowel-dilatation-predicts-prolonged-parenteral-nutrition-and-decreased-survival-in-pediatric-short-bowel-syndrome
#19
Maria Hukkinen, Reetta Kivisaari, Laura Merras-Salmio, Antti Koivusalo, Mikko P Pakarinen
OBJECTIVE: To analyze risk factors and prognostic significance of small bowel (SB) dilatation in children with short bowel syndrome (SBS). BACKGROUND: In SBS, the remaining SB may dilate as part of intestinal adaptation. The impact of dilatation on parenteral nutrition (PN) dependence and survival has not been studied systematically. METHODS: SB diameter of SBS children (n = 61) was measured in contrast SB series (n = 169, median age 0.94, range 0...
July 18, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429428/guideline-for-the-evaluation-of-cholestatic-jaundice-in-infants-joint-recommendations-of-the-north-american-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-naspghan-and-the-european-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#20
Rima Fawaz, Ulrich Baumann, Udeme Ekong, Björn Fischler, Nedim Hadzic, Cara L Mack, Valérie A McLin, Jean P Molleston, Ezequiel Neimark, Vicky Lee Ng, Saul J Karpen
Cholestatic jaundice in infancy affects approximately 1 in every 2500 term infants and is infrequently recognized by primary providers in the setting of physiologic jaundice. Cholestatic jaundice is always pathologic and indicates hepatobiliary dysfunction. Early detection by the primary care physician and timely referrals to the pediatric gastroenterologist/hepatologist are important contributors to optimal treatment and prognosis. The most common causes of cholestatic jaundice in the first months of life are biliary atresia (BA, 25-40%) followed by an expanding list of monogenic disorders (25%), plus many unknown or multifactorial (e...
July 16, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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