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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330802/orofacial-trauma-in-rural-india-a-clinical-study
#1
Sunita Malik, Gurdarshan Singh, Gagandeep Kaur, Sunil Yadav, Hitesh C Mittal
PURPOSE: Orofacial trauma is becoming a leading medical problem worldwide. Most of the studies pertaining to orofacial trauma have been done in urban areas but very little scientific literature is available for rural areas. METHODS: A prospective medical institute-based study of orofacial injury patients was carried out from May 2013 to April 2016 (36 Months). Data regarding incidence, age and sex distribution, causes, types and site of injury, treatment modalities and trauma associated complications were collected and analysed...
February 24, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320586/patients-experience-in-the-early-recovery-phase-after-removal-of-intraoral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-carbon-dioxide-laser
#2
M Gilmartin, T Ali, S N Rogers
Laser excision of oral cancer is well established. The aim of this cross-sectional survey was to ask patients about their main symptoms and the severity of them during the first postoperative weeks. We devised a short questionnaire in collaboration with patients, and did a cross-sectional survey of 50 consecutive patients who had laser excision of T1 and T2 oral cancers over a two-year period. The response rate was 76% (38/50). Twenty patients reported that eating was "quite a bit" or "very much of a problem" and 13 reported similar for pain...
March 17, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301451/traumatic-brain-injury-related-emergency-department-visits-hospitalizations-and-deaths-united-states-2007-and-2013
#3
Christopher A Taylor, Jeneita M Bell, Matthew J Breiding, Likang Xu
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has short- and long-term adverse clinical outcomes, including death and disability. TBI can be caused by a number of principal mechanisms, including motor-vehicle crashes, falls, and assaults. This report describes the estimated incidence of TBI-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths during 2013 and makes comparisons to similar estimates from 2007. REPORTING PERIOD: 2007 and 2013. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: State-based administrative health care data were used to calculate estimates of TBI-related ED visits and hospitalizations by principal mechanism of injury, age group, sex, and injury intent...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290925/two-decades-of-saving-lives-on-the-battlefield-tactical-combat-casualty-care-turns-20
#4
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of best-practice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the U.S. Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282696/analysis-of-ocular-firework-related-injuries-and-common-eye-traumata-a-5-year-clinical-study
#5
S Frimmel, O M Theusinger, C Kniestedt
Background A comparative study of eye injuries related to fireworks or acts of violence around New Year's Eve and the Swiss National Day on August 1st. The two groups were compared with respect to the overall numbers of eye accidents within the period of review. Patients and Methods Retrospective analysis of emergency consultations at the Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Zurich with eye accidents around the Swiss National Day on August 1st and New Year's Eve over the last 5 years. Two subgroups were formed: (1) Firework-related eye traumata, (2) Eye injuries due to acts of violence...
March 10, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280874/assessment-of-normal-forearm-compartment-pressures-in-a-nigerian-population
#6
A I Adeyeye, O Esan, I C Ikem
PURPOSE: The forearm is prone to raised compartment pressure and it is the second most common site for compartment syndrome. The normal compartment pressure of the forearm should be known and serve as a benchmark for the diagnosis of acute and chronic compartment syndrome. This study was aimed to determine the normal compartment pressures of the forearm using a digital compartment pressure monitor. METHODS: This was a prospective hospital-based study of the uninjured forearm in 30 patients, who presented with closed unilateral forearm fracture at the accident and emergency department of a tertiary health care facility, between June 2012 and December 2013...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274010/radiological-outcomes-of-distal-radius-fractures-managed-with-2-7mm-volar-locking-plate-fixation-a-retrospective-analysis
#7
Prem Kotian, Srikanth Mudiganty, Rajendra Annappa, Jose Austine
INTRODUCTION: Distal radius fractures accounts for around 15% of all fractures diagnosed and treated in the emergency rooms. These fractures usually result secondary to high velocity injury such as a motor vehicle accident or fall on an out stretched hand. In the elderly, it is a common fragility fracture. Volar Locking Compression Plates (LCP) is effective devices for fixation of the distal radius fractures. There is a lacuna with regard to literature on the 2.7 mm volar LCP and the current study retrospectively assesses the postoperative radiological outcomes...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270657/the-impact-of-poor-asthma-control-among-asthma-patients-treated-with-inhaled-corticosteroids-plus-long-acting-%C3%AE-2-agonists-in-the-united-kingdom-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#8
Ian D Pavord, Nicola Mathieson, Anna Scowcroft, Riccardo Pedersini, Gina Isherwood, David Price
There are several new treatment options for patients whose asthma remains uncontrolled on free-dose and fixed-dose combinations of inhaled corticosteroids plus long-acting β2-agonists (ICS+LABA). In order to evaluate the likely impact of these treatments, we assessed the effect of uncontrolled asthma on healthcare and patient burden within the UK among adult patients treated with ICS+LABA. Data obtained from 2010-2011 UK National Health and Wellness Surveys identified 701 patients treated with ICS+LABA. Patients with not well-controlled asthma (Asthma Control Test™ score <20) were compared with well-controlled asthma (score ≥ 20) patients on multiple measures...
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266943/traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-netherlands-trends-in-emergency-department-visits-hospitalization-and-mortality-between-1998-and-2012
#9
Crispijn L Van den Brand, Lennard B Karger, Susanne T M Nijman, Myriam G M Hunink, Peter Patka, Korné Jellema
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The effects of epidemiological changes such as ageing of the population and increased traffic safety on the incidence of TBI are unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate trends in TBI-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalization and mortality in the Netherlands between 1998 and 2012. DESIGN: This was a retrospective observational, longitudinal study...
March 6, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263161/-secondary-dislocation-of-primarily-unnoticed-fracture-of-the-medial-clavicle
#10
Morten Kjerri Rasmussen, Rikke Thorninger
This is a case report of a 16-year-old boy with a bipolar fracture of the left clavicle. The patient crashed into a car on a moped with 40 mph. In the accident & emergency department (A&E) the patient was examined physically and by X-ray. There was no protruding bone or threatened skin. The X-ray showed a lateral clavicle fracture, but there were no clinical or radiological signs of medial fracture. The treatment was conservative. Three days later the patient was referred to A&E due to increasing pain and bone protruding of the medial clavicle...
March 6, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258310/head-injuries-and-the-risk-of-concurrent-cervical-spine-fractures
#11
Tuomo Thesleff, Anneli Kataja, Juha Öhman, Teemu M Luoto
BACKGROUND: Cervical spine injuries of variable severity are common among patients with an acute traumatic brain injury (TBI). We hypothesised that TBI patients with positive head computed tomography (CT) scans would have a significantly higher risk of having an associated cervical spine fracture compared to patients with negative head CT scans. METHOD: This widely generalisable retrospective sample was derived from 3,023 consecutive patients, who, due to an acute head injury (HI), underwent head CT at the Emergency Department of Tampere University Hospital (August 2010-July 2012)...
March 3, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231609/print-media-representations-of-united-kingdom-accident-and-emergency-treatment-targets-winter-2014-15
#12
Aimee Grant, Louise Hoyle
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to undertake an analysis of UK national daily newspaper coverage of accident and emergency treatment targets, in order to understand if the media could be seen to be creating a scandal. BACKGROUND: Emergency Department treatment targets have become common in developed countries. In the United Kingdom (UK), hospitals are required to treat and discharge patients within four hours, and statistics are published daily. Breaches of targets are regularly reported by the UK print media...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228912/anatomical-variation-t1-spina-bifida-occulta-radiological-findings
#13
Guglielmo Manenti, Riccardo Iundusi, Eliseo Picchi, Salvatore Marsico, Adolfo D'Onofrio, Giorgia Rossi, Umberto Tarantino, Roberto Floris
We report a 26-year-old male patient who was admitted to our emergency department after a traffic accident and who suffered from neck pain. We have found accidentally a dorsal spinous process schisis, a very rare vertebral abnormality, that we recognized in the X-rays imaging performed for the study of the lung parenchyma.
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226020/characteristics-of-the-violence-and-accidents-survey-conducted-in-brazilian-sentinel-emergency-departments
#14
Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Cheila Marina Lima, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rosane Aparecida Monteiro, Mariana Gonçalves de Freitas, Alice Cristina Medeiros Melo, Camila Alves Bahia, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal
The Violence and Accidents Survey Conducted in Sentinel Emergency Departments (VIVA Survey) is the sentinel surveillance component of the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System (VIVA). It was conducted for the first time in 2006 and again in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2014. The sample is comprised of victims of accidents and violence treated in Emergency Departments linked to the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). The services are selected intentionally. This isfollowed by probability sampling of 12-hour shifts by conglomerates in single-stage selection...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218883/case-239-cerebrotendinous-xanthomatosis
#15
Amy C Gerrish, Suchi Gaba
History A 63-year-old man with learning difficulties presented to the Accident and Emergency Department with right ankle pain after an inversion injury and underwent plain radiography. The patient had developed normally until his teenage years, at which point he experienced cognitive regression. He experienced swallowing difficulties, tinnitus, and fecal incontinence, and he had undergone cataract surgery at the age of 20 years. He also had a small nodule on the volar surface of his right ring finger. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the brain and the right ankle had been performed 3 years previously...
March 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217583/profile-of-trauma-patients-in-the-emergency-department-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#16
Kundavaram Paul Prabhakar Abhilash, Nilanchal Chakraborthy, Gautham Raja Pandian, Vineet Subodh Dhanawade, Thomas Kurien Bhanu, Krishna Priya
BACKGROUND: Trauma is an increasing cause of morbidity and mortality in India. This study was done to improve the understanding of the mode of trauma, severity of injuries, and outcome of trauma victims in our hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of all adult trauma patients more than 18-year-old presenting to our emergency department (ED). Details of the incident, injuries, and outcome were noted. RESULTS: The ED attended to 16,169 patients during the 3-month study period with 10% (1624/16,169) being adult trauma incidents...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209449/maxillofacial-and-concomitant-serious-injuries-an-eight-year-single-center-experience
#17
Fausto Fama, Marco Cicciu, Alessandro Sindoni, Enrico Nastro-Siniscalchi, Roberto Falzea, Gabriele Cervino, Francesca Polito, Francesco De Ponte, Maria Gioffre-Florio
PURPOSE: Maxillofacial injuries are frequently associated with multiple trauma and can determine functional and aesthetic bad outcomes. The severity of maxillofacial injuries may be considerable and can divert clinicians' attention from other concomitant injuries which is less evident but potentially life-threatening. The aim of this study was to find out the concomitant injuries in patients referred to the Emergency Department (ED) of the University Hospital of Messina (North-East Sicily, Italy) for maxillofacial traumas...
February 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194326/screw-as-a-bladder-foreign-body
#18
Seyed Reza Hosseini, Hamed Rezaei, Mohamad Ghasem Mohseni, Hosein Ganjali, Negar Behtash, Mahsa Arzani
Foreign bodies in the bladder are among the strangest differential diagnoses in the lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and may be missed in initial medical evaluations. We present a 63-year-old man who was visited in the emergency department because of obstructive and irritative lower urinary tract symptoms. Two months earlier, he had a pelvic fracture due to motor vehicle accident and underwent an open reduction and internal fixation of the pubic rami and right acetabulum by an anterior ilioinguinal approach...
February 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184358/vertical-patellar-dislocation-reduction-by-the-push-up-and-rotate-method-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Hayat Ahmad Khan, Adil Bashir Shah, Younis Kamal
INTRODUCTION: Patellar dislocation is an emergency. Vertical patellar dislocation is rare, often seen in adolescents and mostly due to sports injuries or high-velocity trauma. Few cases have been reported in the literature. Closed or open reduction under general anesthesia is often needed. We report a case of vertical locked patellar dislocation in a 26-year-old male, which was reduced by a simple closed method under spinal anaesthesia. A literature review regarding the various methods of treatment is also discussed...
November 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182158/demographic-characteristics-and-clinical-outcome-of-work-related-open-globe-injuries-in-the-most-industrialised-region-of-turkey
#20
Sertaç Argun Kıvanç, Berna Akova Budak, Emina Skrijelj, Mediha Tok Çevik
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate demographic characteristics and clinical outcomes of work-related open globe injuries in the most industrialized region of Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The demographic and medical records of patients with work-related open globe injuries who presented to the ophthalmology or emergency departments with an official occupational accident report were retrospectively reviewed. Visual acuity categories were defined according to the World Health Organization...
January 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
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