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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529270/pancreatic-abscess-in-a-cat-due-to-staphylococcus-aureus-infection
#1
Yuki Nemoto, Tomoya Haraguchi, Takako Shimokawa Miyama, Kosuke Kobayashi, Kaori Hama, Yosuke Kurogouchi, Noriyuki Fujiki, Kenji Baba, Masaru Okuda, Takuya Mizuno
A 16-year-old spayed female American Shorthair cat was presented with lethargy, anorexia, and wamble. Physical and blood examination did not reveal any remarkable findings. Abdominal ultrasonography identified the presence of a localized anechoic structure with a thick wall in contact with the small intestine and adjacent to the liver. Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of the structure revealed fluid containing numerous cocci and neutrophils. Two days after antibiotic treatment, exploratory laparotomy was performed and the content of the structure was removed before multiple lavages...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521835/adult-autoimmune-enteropathy-presenting-initially-with-acquired-acrodermatitis-enteropathica-a-case-report
#2
Erina Lie, Sarah Sung, Steven Hoseong Yang
BACKGROUND: Acrodermatitis enteropathica (AE) is a rare dermatitis secondary to zinc deficiency most commonly seen as an inherited disease in infants. In the last decade, increased number of reports have been published on the acquired form that presents in adulthood. Unlike its inherited counterpart, acquired AE (AAE) is often secondary to underlying pathologic or iatrogenic etiologies that interfere with nutritional absorption, such as inflammatory bowel disease or alcoholism. Various gastrointestinal pathologies have been associated with AAE, but there is currently no report on its association with adult autoimmune enteropathy (AIE), a rare gastrointestinal disorder commonly seen in infants, with limited cases reported in adults...
May 18, 2017: BMC Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28519899/hepatic-aa-amyloidosis-in-a-cat-cytologic-and-histologic-identification-of-aa-amyloid-in-macrophages
#3
Sakurako Neo-Suzuki, Takayuki Mineshige, Junichi Kamiie, Hideki Kayanuma, Yukako Mochizuki, Masaharu Hisasue, Ryo Tsuchiya, Kinji Shirota
A 3-year-old, spayed female, Domestic Shorthair cat presented with anorexia, lethargy, vomiting, probable hemoabdomen, and multiple masses on the right lateral liver lobe. Clinicopathologic and imaging abnormalities included anemia, azotemia, icterus, and hepatomegaly with hypoechoic masses. On cytologic evaluation of a fine-needle aspiration of a liver mass there was abundant extracellular pink- to purple-colored material between hepatocytes. The amorphous material was stained with direct fast scarlet (DFS), and green birefringent areas were observed under polarized light, confirming the presence of amyloid...
May 18, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515935/methotrexate-encephalopathy-two-cases-in-adult-cancer-patients-who-recovered-with-pathophysiologically-based-therapy
#4
Shodeinde A Coker, David A Pastel, Melissa C Davis, Elizabeth M Bengtson, Camilo E Fadul, Lionel D Lewis
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Neurotoxicity is a serious and sometimes fatal adverse effect that can occur following methotrexate treatment. We describe two adult patients with hematological malignancies with methotrexate encephalopathy who recovered with dextromethorphan therapy. RESULTS: Case 1: A 24-year-old male with acute lymphoblastic leukemia developed the acute onset of bilateral facial weakness and slurred speech after his first treatment with high-dose intravenous methotrexate...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515827/transient-left-bundle-branch-block-due-to-severe-hyperkalemia
#5
Kishore Kumar, Madhavi Biyyam, Amandeep Singh, Bharat Bajantri, Hassan Tariq, Suresh Kumar Nayudu, Sridhar Chilimuri
Hyperkalemia is a potentially life-threatening electrolyte imbalance that can lead to sudden death from cardiac arrhythmias and asystole. We present a case of transient left bundle branch block pattern on an electrocardiogram (ECG) secondary to hyperkalemia in a patient with history of end-stage renal disease. A 52-year-old man presented to the emergency room (ER) with chief complaints of weakness and lethargy after missing his regularly scheduled session of hemodialysis. A 12-lead ECG in the ER showed sinus tachycardia at 118 beats/min, wide QRS complexes, peaked T waves and left bundle branch block-like pattern...
April 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511373/prevalence-of-nutritional-deficiency-anaemia-and-its-impact-on-scholastic-performance-among-undergraduate-medical-students
#6
Ningappa Asha Rani, Rajeshwari Arasegowda, Pramit Mukherjee, Shilpashree Yeliyur Dhananjay
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional deficiency anaemia can lead to development of headache, fatigue, lethargy, apathy, exertional dyspnoea, palpitations and tinnitus and thereby decrease the quality of everyday life to a great extent. Such symptoms may pose a hindrance for students in their academic life and have a negative impact on their career. AIM: To determine prevalence of nutritional deficiency anaemia and its correlation with academic performance among medical students...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510274/the-effect-of-prazosin-on-outcome-in-feline-urethral-obstruction
#7
Erica L Reineke, Emily K Thomas, Rebecca S Syring, Jennifer Savini, Kenneth J Drobatz
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prazosin administration following urethral obstruction (UO) reduces the risk for recurrent urethral obstruction (rUO) or lower urinary tract signs, and to document adverse effects associated with prazosin use in cats. DESIGN: Double-blinded, prospective, interventional study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: A population of 47 consecutive male cats with UO not associated with urinary tract calculi >2 mm in diameter...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508977/thrombotic-microangiopathy-caused-by-interferon-%C3%AE-1b-for-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-report
#8
Haruomi Nishio, Tatsuo Tsukamoto, Takeshi Matsubara, Yoichiro Okada, Ryosuke Takahashi, Motoko Yanagita
A 41-year-old man with a history of multiple sclerosis (MS) developed thrombotic microangiopathy after taking interferon β-1b for 10 years. Although the relapse of his MS was well controlled under normal blood pressure, he had persistent nausea, anorexia, gait disturbance and visual disorder 1 month before admission. He showed lethargy and high blood pressure (180/102 mmHg). Laboratory test results revealed anemia and thrombocytopenia, elevated LDH and renal dysfunction. Urinary dipstick showed a 2+ result for proteinuria and 3+ for hematuria...
November 2016: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507483/effects-of-hesperidin-on-formaldehyde-induced-toxicity-in-pregnant-rats
#9
Sameha Merzoug, Mohamed Lamine Toumi
This experimental study aimed to investigate the protective effect of a bioflavonoid, hesperidin (HP), on formaldehyde (FA)-related pathophysiological and behavioral outcomes in pregnant rats and developmental aspects in their offspring. Female Wistar rats were subjected to perigestational exposure to FA (2 mg/kg/day per os) with a concomitant treatment with HP (50 mg/kg/day per os). Pregnant rats were weighed throughout gestation and tested in two behavioral paradigms (elevated plus-maze and open field) at gestational days (GD) 1, 10 and 19 to evaluate the anxiety-like behavior and locomotive alterations...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503260/dynamics-of-hexavalent-chromium-in-four-types-of-aquaculture-ponds-and-its-effects-on-the-morphology-and-behavior-of-cultured-clarias-gariepinus-burchell-1822
#10
Moshood Keke Mustapha
Hexavalent chromium is a bio accumulative toxic metal in water and fish. It enters aquaculture ponds mainly through anthropogenic sources. Hexavalent chromium concentrations and its effects on the morphology and behavior of Clarias gariepinus were investigated from four aquaculture ponds for 12 weeks. Chromium was measured using diphenyl carbohdrazide method; alkalinity and hardness were measured using colometric method and analyzed with Bench Photometer. Temperature and pH were measured using pH/EC/TDS/Temp combined tester...
April 2017: Toxicological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495146/neonatal-vein-of-labb%C3%A3-infarction-size-is-associated-with-long-term-language-outcomes
#11
Kristen L Benninger, Lynne Ruess, Laurel A Slaughter, Nathalie L Maitre, Jerome A Rusin
BACKGROUND: The vein of Labbé is a superficial cortical vein, which drains the lateral surface of the temporal lobe. Thrombosis of the vein of Labbé can occur in the neonatal period. The developmental outcomes of infants who had vein of Labbé thrombosis are unknown as few studies of outcomes exist. METHODS: We completed a retrospective review of infants born ≥34 weeks of gestation, diagnosed with vein of Labbé thrombosis, and/or infarction on neuroimaging during the first 30 days of life...
April 1, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491448/multimodal-non-surgical-treatment-of-a-feline-tracheal-adenocarcinoma
#12
Carolina Azevedo, William Brawner, Stephanie Schleis Lindley, Annette Smith
CASE SUMMARY: A 10-year-old, castrated male domestic shorthair cat presented with a 2-3 month history of weight loss, lethargy and coughing. Thoracic radiographs revealed a soft tissue opacity overlying the dorsal trachea from the first rib to second rib and the ventral aspect of the trachea extending from the second rib to approximately the fourth rib. CT confirmed a mass involving the dorsal, right lateral and ventral aspects of the trachea narrowing the lumen and extending from vertebra C7 through T4...
January 2017: JFMS Open Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491445/primary-adrenal-lymphoma-causing-hypoaldosteronism-in-a-cat
#13
Jessica F Romine, Angela R Kozicki, Marc S Elie
CASE SUMMARY: A 10-year-old, 5.1 kg (11.2 lb), male castrated cat was presented with signs of lethargy and decreased appetite at home after being previously healthy. Serum biochemical analysis identified normokalemia (5.1 mmol/l; reference interval [RI] 3.4-5.6 mmol/l) and severe hyponatremia (123 mmol/l; RI 145-158 mmol/l), with an Na/K ratio of 24 (RI 32-41). Baseline serum cortisol was low to normal, but serum aldosterone was markedly decreased with a pre-adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation concentration of 13 pmol/l (RI 194-388 pmol/l) and post-adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation concentration of 21 pmol/l (RI 277-721 pmol/l)...
July 2016: JFMS Open Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491436/primary-bronchial-carcinoma-associated-with-bone-marrow-metastasis-and-paraneoplastic-monoclonal-gammopathy-in-a-cat
#14
Mario Cervone, Stéphanie Beurlet
CASE SUMMARY: Herein we describe an unusual metastatic pattern and paraneoplastic manifestation of a bronchial carcinoma in a cat. An 8 year-old cat presented with a diminished appetite, dysphagia, weight loss, lethargy and coughing. Thoracic radiographs revealed a lung mass. Bronchial carcinoma was diagnosed on the basis of histology and was associated with a lymphoplasmocytic infiltration of the fibrovascular stroma. Biochemistry showed hyperproteinaemia. Serum protein electrophoresis showed a narrow spike in the gamma region...
July 2016: JFMS Open Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491432/renal-transitional-cell-carcinoma-with-bilateral-ocular-metastasis-in-a-cat
#15
Irit Grader, Teresa L Southard, Marjorie H Neaderland
Case summary A 4-year-old, spayed female, domestic shorthair cat was presented for evaluation due to a 4 day history of inappetence and lethargy. Physical examination revealed mild dehydration and blindness of the left eye. Abnormal imaging findings included a well-margined soft tissue mass with irregular central cavity located in the dorsal aspect of the caudal lung lobe. Cytological examination of the mass revealed chronic inflammation with hemorrhage. Tests for parasitic and fungal diseases were negative...
July 2016: JFMS Open Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485830/diagnosis-and-management-of-pyothorax-in-a-domestic-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#16
Izidora Sladakovic, Benjamin M Brainard, Selena L Lane, Scott A Secrest, Andrew J Fox, Jaime L Tarigo, Corry K Yeuroukis, Susan Sanchez, Laila M Proenca, Joerg Mayer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the diagnosis, management, and outcome of pyothorax in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo). CASE SUMMARY: A domestic ferret was evaluated for a history of lethargy, anorexia, and pyrexia. Pleural effusion was detected with radiography and ultrasonography, and a diagnosis of pyothorax was made following cytologic evaluation of pleural fluid. Bilateral thoracostomy tubes were placed for thoracic drainage and lavage, and the ferret was treated with intravenous crystalloid fluids, antimicrobials, and analgesics...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481926/delineating-morbillivirus-entry-dissemination-and-airborne-transmission-by-studying-in-vivo-competition-of-multicolor-canine-distemper-viruses-in-ferrets
#17
Rory D de Vries, Martin Ludlow, Alwin de Jong, Linda J Rennick, R Joyce Verburgh, Geert van Amerongen, Debby van Riel, Peter R W A van Run, Sander Herfst, Thijs Kuiken, Ron A M Fouchier, Albert D M E Osterhaus, Rik L de Swart, W Paul Duprex
Identification of cellular receptors and characterization of viral tropism in animal models have vastly improved our understanding of morbillivirus pathogenesis. However, specific aspects of viral entry, dissemination and transmission remain difficult to recapitulate in animal models. Here, we used three virologically identical but phenotypically distinct recombinant (r) canine distemper viruses (CDV) expressing different fluorescent reporter proteins for in vivo competition and airborne transmission studies in ferrets (Mustela putorius furo)...
May 8, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480402/effect-of-ruanganjiedu-decoction-inhibit-experimental-hepatic-fibrosis-of-rats
#18
Sheng Liu, Xiao-Min Wang, Guo-Wang Yang
BACKGROUND: RuanGanJieDu (RGJD) is a traditional Chinese medicine comprising nine Chinese medicinal herbs. The clinical use of RGJD by us was found that it has a good control effect on hepatic fibrosis (HF) patient. In order to further investigate the Anti-fibrosis mechanism of RGJD, hence this experiment has been carried out. METHODS: After treatment, the general conditions of rats in each group were observed. The liver tissues morphology and HF phases were observed under light microscope...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473892/characterization-of-isolated-pigeon-paramyxovirus-1-pmv-1-and-its-pathogenicity-in-broiler-chickens
#19
Mansour Mayahi, Masoud Reza Seyfi Abad Shapouri, Ramezan Ali Jafari, Mehrdad Khosravi Farsani
Characterization of isolated pigeon paramyxovirus-1 (PMV-1) and its pathogenicity in broiler chickens were studied. Two hundred and thirty-two samples collected from 50 unvaccinated pigeons lofts suspected to Newcastle disease from private houses and bird markets from Ahvaz, Iran. Swab samples from cloaca and oropharynx of live pigeons and from trachea, lung, liver, spleen, kidney, brain, proventriculus and cecal tonsil of dead pigeons suspected to ND were collected. Isolation of the PPMV-1 was performed through intra-allantoic inoculation of 9- to 11- day-old embryonated chicken eggs...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472024/mercury-poisoning-at-a-home-day-care-center-hillsborough-county-florida-2015
#20
Mackenzie Tewell, Samantha Spoto, Michael Wiese, Alfred Aleguas, Tamas Peredy
On November 12, 2015, the Florida Poison Information Center Tampa notified the Florida Department of Health in Hillsborough County of a boy aged 3 years with a urine mercury level of 79 μg/L (normal <10 μg/L). The patient had been admitted to the hospital on October 9, 2015 after a 3-4 week history of anorexia, weight loss, and lethargy. In the hospital, he developed a maculopapular rash, acrodynia (painful, pink discoloration of the hands and feet), tachycardia, hypertension, weakness, sweating, excessive salivation, and altered mental status...
May 5, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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