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Julius Emons, Marius Wunderle, Arndt Hartmann, Marcus Radicke, Claudia Rauh, Michael Uder, Paul Gass, Peter A Fasching, Hanna Langemann, Matthias W Beckmann, Rüdiger Schulz-Wendtland, Sebastian M Jud
Background Combinations *Equal contributors. of different imaging techniques in fusion devices appear to be associated with improvements in diagnostic assessment. Purpose The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of using an automated standard three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound (US) device fused with standard mammography for the first time in breast cancer patients. Material and Methods Digital mammograms and 3D automated US images were obtained in 23 patients with highly suspicious breast lesions. A recently developed fusion machine consisting of an ABVS 3D US transducer from an Acuson S2000 machine and a conventional Mammomat Inspiration device (both Siemens Healthcare GmbH, Erlangen, Germany) were used for the purpose...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
Roberta Burnelli, Simona Rinieri, Roberto Rondelli, Alessandra Todesco, Maurizio Bianchi, Alberto Garaventa, Marco Zecca, Paolo Indolfi, Valentino Conter, Nicola Santoro, Maurizio Aricò, Simone Cesaro, Salvatore D'amico, Piero Farruggia, Raffaela De Santis, Franco Locatelli, Stefano A Pileri, Giovanni Scarzello, Maurizio Mascarin, Vico Vecchi
Identify a subset of early-stage HL children (GR1) curable with limited chemotherapy+/-radiotherapy; improve outcome of intermediate (GR2) and high-risk (GR3) patients; establish impact of response to chemotherapy evaluated with conventional imaging (CI). One hundred and sixty GR1-patients received 3ABVD + involved-field (IF) low-dose (LD) (20 Gy) irradiation if mediastinal mass or partial response (PR) after chemotherapy. Eighty-five GR2- and 315 GR3-patients received 4 and 6 COPP/ABV + IFRT, respectively...
February 16, 2018: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Eun Jung Choi, Hyemi Choi, Eun Hae Park, Ji Soo Song, Ji Hyun Youk
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) in comparison with hand-held ultrasound (HHUS) according to the fifth edition of BI-RADS ultrasound. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 831 lesions in 786 patients who underwent both HHUS and ABVS were included. Three radiologists independently evaluated the sonographic features of each lesion according to the fifth BI-RADS edition. The kappa coefficient (κ) was calculated for each BI-RADS descriptor and final assessment category...
February 2018: European Journal of Radiology
Benedikt Schaefgen, Joerg Heil, Richard G Barr, Marcus Radicke, Aba Harcos, Christina Gomez, Anne Stieber, André Hennigs, Alexandra von Au, Julia Spratte, Geraldine Rauch, Joachim Rom, Florian Schütz, Christof Sohn, Michael Golatta
PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility of a prototype device combining 3D-automated breast ultrasound (ABVS) and digital breast tomosynthesis in a single device to detect and characterize breast lesions. METHODS: In this prospective feasibility study, the FUSION-X-US prototype was used to perform digital breast tomosynthesis and ABVS in 23 patients with an indication for tomosynthesis based on current guidelines after clinical examination and standard imaging. The ABVS and tomosynthesis images of the prototype were interpreted separately by two blinded experts...
January 4, 2018: European Radiology
Hashrul N Rashid, Robert P Gooley, Nitesh Nerlekar, Abdul R Ihdayhid, Liam M McCormick, Arthur Nasis, James D Cameron, Adam J Brown
AIMS: Leaflet thrombosis (LT) has become increasingly recognised following transcatheter and surgical aortic ABV replacement and can be reliably identified by MDCT. However, it is ongoing debate whether MDCT-defined LT is associated with adverse cerebrovascular outcomes. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the incidence and clinical outcomes associated with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT)-defined leaflet thrombosis following aortic bioprosthetic valve (ABV) replacement...
December 12, 2017: EuroIntervention
Giacomo Rossi, Robert D Dahlhausen, Livio Galosi, Susan E Orosz
Avian ganglioneuritis (AG) comprises one of the most intricate pathologies in avian medicine and is researched worldwide. Avian bornavirus (ABV) has been shown to be a causative agent of proventricular dilatation disease in birds. The avian Bornaviridae represent a genetically diverse group of viruses that are widely distributed in captive and wild populations around the world. ABV and other infective agents are implicated as a cause of the autoimmune pathology that leads to AG, similar to human Guillain Barrè syndrome...
January 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
Diane Swick, Victoria Ashley
Hypervigilance towards threat is one of the defining features of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This symptom predicts that individuals with PTSD will be biased to attend to potential dangers in the environment. However, cognitive tasks designed to assess visual-spatial attentional biases have shown mixed results. A newer proposal suggests that attentional bias is not a static phenomenon, but rather is characterized by fluctuations towards and away from threat. Here, we tested 28 combat Veterans with PTSD and 28 control Veterans on a dot probe task with negative-neutral word pairs...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
Rossano Girometti, Martina Zanotel, Viviana Londero, Anna Linda, Michele Lorenzon, Chiara Zuiani
OBJECTIVES: To compare automated breast volume scanner (ABVS), ultrasound (US) and MRI in measuring breast cancer size, and evaluate the agreement between ABVS and US in assessing lesion location and sonographic features. METHODS: We retrospectively included 98 women with 100 index cancers who had undergone US and ABVS followed by 1.5T MRI. Images were interpreted by a pool of readers reporting lesion size, location and breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS) features...
October 10, 2017: European Radiology
Milica Vasiljevic, Dominique-Laurent Couturier, Theresa M Marteau
OBJECTIVES: Low alcohol labels are a set of labels that carry descriptors such as 'low' or 'lighter' to denote alcohol content in beverages. There is growing interest from policymakers and producers in lower strength alcohol products. However, there is a lack of evidence on how the general population perceives verbal descriptors of strength. The present research examines consumers' perceptions of strength (% ABV) and appeal of alcohol products using low or high alcohol verbal descriptors...
October 9, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
Shiqing Wei, Ping Yin, Ian M Newman, Ling Qian, Duane F Shell, Lok-Wa Yuen
About 70% of the beverage alcohol consumed in China annually is spirits. Recorded spirits make up most spirit consumption, but about 25% of total alcohol consumption (1.7 L pure alcohol per capita annually) is unrecorded spirits (bai jiu), either homemade or made in unregulated distilleries. In some parts of China, the consumption of unrecorded spirits is higher than average. This paper compares the patterns of use of unrecorded distilled spirits and recorded distilled spirits among rural residents in Central China...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jia Zhan, Xue-Hong Diao, Yun Pang, Yan Wang, Lin Chen, Yue Chen
The aim of this study was to investigate the extraclinical value of automated breast volume scanning (ABVS) in the diagnosis of breast tumor compare to hand-handle ultrasound (HHUS).One hundred twenty-four patients with breast tumor were performed HHUS and ABVS before operation. The research focused on whether there were newly found tumors or new findings on the coronal planes by using ABVS compared with HHUS. Then, the classification adjustments of breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS) were made according to new findings on the coronal planes by using ABVS...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Adriana M W Nielsen, Davor Ojkic, Christopher J Dutton, Dale A Smith
An adult female emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) presented with anorexia, maldigestion, weight loss, and various subtle nervous deficits. After four months of unrewarding diagnostics, treatments, and supportive care, the emu was euthanized due to lack of clinical improvement and progressive weight loss. Gross pathology revealed a very narrow pylorus and multiple flaccid diverticula of the small intestines. Histopathological findings included severe lymphoplasmacytic encephalomyelitis and multifocal lymphocytic neuritis associated with the gastrointestinal tract...
September 1, 2017: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
Hamed Samandari, Daniel Schneditz, Michael J Germain, Joseph Horowitz, Christopher V Hollot, Yossi Chait
Long- and short-term adverse outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) have been associated with intradialytic hypotension, a common HD complication and significant cause of morbidity. It has been suggested that knowledge of absolute blood volume (ABV) could be used to significantly improve treatment outcomes. Different dilution-based protocols have been proposed for estimating ABV, all relying on the classic mono-exponential back-extrapolation algorithm (BEXP). In this paper, we introduce a dialysate dilution protocol and an estimation algorithm based on a variable-volume, two-compartment, intravascular blood water content kinetic model (VVKM)...
July 24, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Rüdiger Schulz-Wendtland, Sebastian M Jud, Peter A Fasching, Arndt Hartmann, Marcus Radicke, Claudia Rauh, Michael Uder, Marius Wunderle, Paul Gass, Hanna Langemann, Matthias W Beckmann, Julius Emons
AIM: The combination of different imaging modalities through the use of fusion devices promises significant diagnostic improvement for breast pathology. The aim of this study was to evaluate image quality and clinical feasibility of a prototype fusion device (fusion prototype) constructed from a standard tomosynthesis mammography unit and a standard 3D ultrasound probe using a new method of breast compression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Imaging was performed on 5 mastectomy specimens from patients with confirmed DCIS or invasive carcinoma (BI-RADS (™) 6)...
June 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
Karen S Fernández, Cindy L Schwartz, Lu Chen, Louis S Constine, Allen Chauvenet, Pedro A de Alarcón
PURPOSE: We evaluated the outcome of children (<15 years) versus that of adolescents and young adults (AYA; 15-≤ 21 years) treated for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) in two Pediatric Oncology Group/Children's Oncology Group clinical trials, P9425 and P9426, that used dose-dense, response-based chemotherapy and reduced dose radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Subjects 21 years or younger with HL were eligible for these studies. Subjects with low-risk (stages IA, IIA, and IIIA1) without large mediastinal adenopathy biopsy-proven HL, eligible for P9426, were treated with two to four 28-day cycles of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vincristine, and etoposide (ABVE) chemotherapy and 25...
December 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Richard G Barr, Robert DeVita, Stamatia Destounis, Federica Manzoni, Annalisa De Silvestri, Carmine Tinelli
OBJECTIVES: To compare the agreement and interobserver variability of diagnostic handheld ultrasound (US) and a single volume on an automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) and to determine whether there was a significant difference if the ABVS was used by a sonographer or mammographic technologist. METHODS: Ninety patients scheduled for diagnostic US examinations were randomized to either handheld US or the ABVS first. The AVBS was randomized between a sonographer and a mammographic technologist performing the study...
October 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Osnat Halshtok Neiman, Zippy Erlich, Eitan Friedman, Arie Rundstein, Anat Shalmon, Yael Servadio, Miri Sklair Levy
BACKGROUND: Automated breast volumetric sonography (ABVS) is a new technology with various possible applications. OBJECTIVES: To compare ABVS and breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the surveillance of women with BRCA1/2 gene mutation carriers. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study in Jewish female BRCA1/2 mutation carriers who underwent breast MRI and ABVS. The results of both exams performed 6 months apart or less, and relevant clinical data, were reviewed...
October 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Frederico Magalhães, Kristoffer Krogerus, Virve Vidgren, Mari Sandell, Brian Gibson
Yeast cryotolerance may be advantageous for cider making, where low temperatures are usually employed. Here, we crossed the cryotolerant S. eubayanus with a S. cerevisiae wine strain and assessed the suitability of the hybrids for low-temperature cider fermentation. All strains fermented the juice to 5% ABV, but at different rates; hybrid strains outperformed S. cerevisiae, which was sensitive to low temperatures. The best hybrid fermented similarly to S. eubayanus. S. eubayanus produced sulphurous off flavours which masked a high concentration of fruity ester notes...
August 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Miguel Ruiz-Flores Bistuer, Mª Teófila Vicente Herrero, Silvia Lladosa Marco, Luisa Mercedes Capdevila García, Ángel Arturo López González
Alcohol consumption is a concern for its effects on health and repercussions on the work environment. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of alcohol consumption among civil servants and to examine its association with sociodemographic and occupational variables. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1180 workers from January to November 2011. The prevalence of alcohol consumption was measured in ABV (alcohol by volume) units, and examined by sociodemographic and occupational variables (sex, education level, type of work and social class)...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
Constanze Schmachtenberg, Thomas Fischer, Bernd Hamm, Ulrich Bick
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the diagnostic value of automated breast volume scanning (ABVS) to that of handheld ultrasonography (HHUS) using breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as the gold standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with 39 examined breasts with at least one lesion visible in breast MRI underwent HHUS and ABVS. Detection rate, localization, maximum diameter, and Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System classification were compared...
August 2017: Academic Radiology
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