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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146031/avian-ganglioneuritis-in-clinical-practice
#1
REVIEW
Giacomo Rossi, Robert D Dahlhausen, Livio Galosi, Susan E Orosz
Avian ganglioneuritis (AG) comprises one of the most intricate pathologies in avian medicine and is researched worldwide. Avian bornavirus (ABV) has been shown to be a causative agent of proventricular dilatation disease in birds. The avian Bornaviridae represent a genetically diverse group of viruses that are widely distributed in captive and wild populations around the world. ABV and other infective agents are implicated as a cause of the autoimmune pathology that leads to AG, similar to human Guillain Barrè syndrome...
January 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109521/enhanced-attentional-bias-variability-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-its-relationship-to-more-general-impairments-in-cognitive-control
#2
Diane Swick, Victoria Ashley
Hypervigilance towards threat is one of the defining features of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This symptom predicts that individuals with PTSD will be biased to attend to potential dangers in the environment. However, cognitive tasks designed to assess visual-spatial attentional biases have shown mixed results. A newer proposal suggests that attentional bias is not a static phenomenon, but rather is characterized by fluctuations towards and away from threat. Here, we tested 28 combat Veterans with PTSD and 28 control Veterans on a dot probe task with negative-neutral word pairs...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018952/automated-breast-volume-scanner-abvs-in-assessing-breast-cancer-size-a-comparison-with-conventional-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#3
Rossano Girometti, Martina Zanotel, Viviana Londero, Anna Linda, Michele Lorenzon, Chiara Zuiani
OBJECTIVES: To compare automated breast volume scanner (ABVS), ultrasound (US) and MRI in measuring breast cancer size, and evaluate the agreement between ABVS and US in assessing lesion location and sonographic features. METHODS: We retrospectively included 98 women with 100 index cancers who had undergone US and ABVS followed by 1.5T MRI. Images were interpreted by a pool of readers reporting lesion size, location and breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS) features...
October 10, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990270/impact-of-low-alcohol-verbal-descriptors-on-perceived-strength-an-experimental-study
#4
Milica Vasiljevic, Dominique-Laurent Couturier, Theresa M Marteau
OBJECTIVES: Low alcohol labels are a set of labels that carry descriptors such as 'low' or 'lighter' to denote alcohol content in beverages. There is growing interest from policymakers and producers in lower strength alcohol products. However, there is a lack of evidence on how the general population perceives verbal descriptors of strength. The present research examines consumers' perceptions of strength (% ABV) and appeal of alcohol products using low or high alcohol verbal descriptors...
October 9, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937617/comparison-of-patterns-of-use-of-unrecorded-and-recorded-spirits-survey-of-adult-drinkers-in-rural-central-china
#5
Shiqing Wei, Ping Yin, Ian M Newman, Ling Qian, Duane F Shell, Lok-Wa Yuen
About 70% of the beverage alcohol consumed in China annually is spirits. Recorded spirits make up most spirit consumption, but about 25% of total alcohol consumption (1.7 L pure alcohol per capita annually) is unrecorded spirits (bai jiu), either homemade or made in unregulated distilleries. In some parts of China, the consumption of unrecorded spirits is higher than average. This paper compares the patterns of use of unrecorded distilled spirits and recorded distilled spirits among rural residents in Central China...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906361/is-there-an-extraclinical-value-of-automated-breast-volume-scanner-compared-with-hand-held-ultrasound-a-pilot-study
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jia Zhan, Xue-Hong Diao, Yun Pang, Yan Wang, Lin Chen, Yue Chen
The aim of this study was to investigate the extraclinical value of automated breast volume scanning (ABVS) in the diagnosis of breast tumor compare to hand-handle ultrasound (HHUS).One hundred twenty-four patients with breast tumor were performed HHUS and ABVS before operation. The research focused on whether there were newly found tumors or new findings on the coronal planes by using ABVS compared with HHUS. Then, the classification adjustments of breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS) were made according to new findings on the coronal planes by using ABVS...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862888/aquatic-bird-bornavirus-1-infection-in-a-captive-emu-dromaius-novaehollandiae-presumed-natural-transmission-from-free-ranging-wild-waterfowl
#7
Adriana M W Nielsen, Davor Ojkic, Christopher J Dutton, Dale A Smith
An adult female emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) presented with anorexia, maldigestion, weight loss, and various subtle nervous deficits. After four months of unrewarding diagnostics, treatments, and supportive care, the emu was euthanized due to lack of clinical improvement and progressive weight loss. Gross pathology revealed a very narrow pylorus and multiple flaccid diverticula of the small intestines. Histopathological findings included severe lymphoplasmacytic encephalomyelitis and multifocal lymphocytic neuritis associated with the gastrointestinal tract...
September 1, 2017: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742531/variable-volume-kinetic-model-to-estimate-absolute-blood-volume-in-patients-on-dialysis-using-dialysate-dilution
#8
Hamed Samandari, Daniel Schneditz, Michael J Germain, Joseph Horowitz, Christopher V Hollot, Yossi Chait
Long- and short-term adverse outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) have been associated with intradialytic hypotension, a common HD complication and significant cause of morbidity. It has been suggested that knowledge of absolute blood volume (ABV) could be used to significantly improve treatment outcomes. Different dilution-based protocols have been proposed for estimating ABV, all relying on the classic mono-exponential back-extrapolation algorithm (BEXP). In this paper, we introduce a dialysate dilution protocol and an estimation algorithm based on a variable-volume, two-compartment, intravascular blood water content kinetic model (VVKM)...
July 24, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713173/a-standard-mammography-unit-standard-3d-ultrasound-probe-fusion-prototype-first-results
#9
Rüdiger Schulz-Wendtland, Sebastian M Jud, Peter A Fasching, Arndt Hartmann, Marcus Radicke, Claudia Rauh, Michael Uder, Marius Wunderle, Paul Gass, Hanna Langemann, Matthias W Beckmann, Julius Emons
AIM: The combination of different imaging modalities through the use of fusion devices promises significant diagnostic improvement for breast pathology. The aim of this study was to evaluate image quality and clinical feasibility of a prototype fusion device (fusion prototype) constructed from a standard tomosynthesis mammography unit and a standard 3D ultrasound probe using a new method of breast compression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Imaging was performed on 5 mastectomy specimens from patients with confirmed DCIS or invasive carcinoma (BI-RADS (™) 6)...
June 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612375/outcome-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-compared-to-children-with-hodgkin-lymphoma-treated-with-response-based-chemotherapy-on-pediatric-protocols-a-children-s-oncology-group-report
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Karen S Fernández, Cindy L Schwartz, Lu Chen, Louis S Constine, Allen Chauvenet, Pedro A de Alarcón
PURPOSE: We evaluated the outcome of children (<15 years) versus that of adolescents and young adults (AYA; 15-≤ 21 years) treated for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) in two Pediatric Oncology Group/Children's Oncology Group clinical trials, P9425 and P9426, that used dose-dense, response-based chemotherapy and reduced dose radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Subjects 21 years or younger with HL were eligible for these studies. Subjects with low-risk (stages IA, IIA, and IIIA1) without large mediastinal adenopathy biopsy-proven HL, eligible for P9426, were treated with two to four 28-day cycles of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vincristine, and etoposide (ABVE) chemotherapy and 25...
December 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569407/agreement-between-an-automated-volume-breast-scanner-and-handheld-ultrasound-for-diagnostic-breast-examinations
#11
Richard G Barr, Robert DeVita, Stamatia Destounis, Federica Manzoni, Annalisa De Silvestri, Carmine Tinelli
OBJECTIVES: To compare the agreement and interobserver variability of diagnostic handheld ultrasound (US) and a single volume on an automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) and to determine whether there was a significant difference if the ABVS was used by a sonographer or mammographic technologist. METHODS: Ninety patients scheduled for diagnostic US examinations were randomized to either handheld US or the ABVS first. The AVBS was randomized between a sonographer and a mammographic technologist performing the study...
October 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471621/automated-breast-volumetric-sonography-compared-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-jewish-brca-1-2-mutation-carriers
#12
Osnat Halshtok Neiman, Zippy Erlich, Eitan Friedman, Arie Rundstein, Anat Shalmon, Yael Servadio, Miri Sklair Levy
BACKGROUND: Automated breast volumetric sonography (ABVS) is a new technology with various possible applications. OBJECTIVES: To compare ABVS and breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the surveillance of women with BRCA1/2 gene mutation carriers. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study in Jewish female BRCA1/2 mutation carriers who underwent breast MRI and ABVS. The results of both exams performed 6 months apart or less, and relevant clinical data, were reviewed...
October 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451838/improved-cider-fermentation-performance-and-quality-with-newly-generated-saccharomyces-cerevisiae%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-saccharomyces-eubayanus-hybrids
#13
Frederico Magalhães, Kristoffer Krogerus, Virve Vidgren, Mari Sandell, Brian Gibson
Yeast cryotolerance may be advantageous for cider making, where low temperatures are usually employed. Here, we crossed the cryotolerant S. eubayanus with a S. cerevisiae wine strain and assessed the suitability of the hybrids for low-temperature cider fermentation. All strains fermented the juice to 5% ABV, but at different rates; hybrid strains outperformed S. cerevisiae, which was sensitive to low temperatures. The best hybrid fermented similarly to S. eubayanus. S. eubayanus produced sulphurous off flavours which masked a high concentration of fruity ester notes...
August 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419797/-alcohol-consumption-prevalence-in-civil-servants
#14
Miguel Ruiz-Flores Bistuer, Mª Teófila Vicente Herrero, Silvia Lladosa Marco, Luisa Mercedes Capdevila García, Ángel Arturo López González
Alcohol consumption is a concern for its effects on health and repercussions on the work environment. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of alcohol consumption among civil servants and to examine its association with sociodemographic and occupational variables. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1180 workers from January to November 2011. The prevalence of alcohol consumption was measured in ABV (alcohol by volume) units, and examined by sociodemographic and occupational variables (sex, education level, type of work and social class)...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336007/diagnostic-performance-of-automated-breast-volume-scanning-abvs-compared-to-handheld-ultrasonography-with-breast-mri-as-the-gold-standard
#15
Constanze Schmachtenberg, Thomas Fischer, Bernd Hamm, Ulrich Bick
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the diagnostic value of automated breast volume scanning (ABVS) to that of handheld ultrasonography (HHUS) using breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as the gold standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with 39 examined breasts with at least one lesion visible in breast MRI underwent HHUS and ABVS. Detection rate, localization, maximum diameter, and Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System classification were compared...
August 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331733/3d-supine-automated-ultrasound-saus-abus-abvs-for-supplemental-screening-women-with-dense-breasts
#16
EDITORIAL
Alexander Mundinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330531/determination-of-ethanol-in-kombucha-products-single-laboratory-validation-first-action-2016-12
#17
Blake Ebersole, Ying Liu, Rich Schmidt, Matt Eckert, Paula N Brown
Kombucha is a fermented nonalcoholic beverage that has drawn government attention due to the possible presence of excess ethanol (≥0.5% alcohol by volume; ABV). A validated method that provides better precision and accuracy for measuring ethanol levels in kombucha is urgently needed by the kombucha industry. The current study validated a method for determining ethanol content in commercial kombucha products. The ethanol content in kombucha was measured using headspace GC with flame ionization detection. An ethanol standard curve ranging from 0...
May 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268209/patterns-of-eye-movement-impairment-correlate-with-regional-brain-atrophy-in-neurodegenerative-parkinsonism
#18
Olga Vintonyak, Martin Gorges, Hans-Peter Müller, Elmar H Pinkhardt, Albert C Ludolph, Hans-Jürgen Huppertz, Jan Kassubek
BACKGROUND: One common feature of neurodegenerative parkinsonism including Parkinson's disease (PD), multisystem atrophy (MSA), and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is altered eye movement control. Characteristic regional structural atrophy patterns in MRI can be observed in PD, MSA, and PSP. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between eye movement disturbances and regional brain atrophy in patients with PD, MSA, and PSP. METHODS: High-resolution 3-dimensional T1-weighted MRI images and video-oculographic recordings (EyeLink®) were obtained from 39 PD, 32 PSP, and 18 MSA patients and 24 matched healthy control subjects...
2017: Neuro-degenerative Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177296/a-first-principles-model-for-anomalous-segregation-in-dilute-ternary-tungsten-rhenium-vacancy-alloys
#19
J S Wróbel, D Nguyen-Manh, K J Kurzydłowski, S L Dudarev
The occurrence of segregation in dilute alloys under irradiation is a highly unusual phenomenon that has recently attracted attention, stimulated by the interest in the fundamental properties of alloys as well as by their applications. The fact that solute atoms segregate in alloys that, according to equilibrium thermodynamics, should exhibit full solubility, has significant practical implications, as the formation of precipitates strongly affects physical and mechanical properties of alloys. A lattice Hamiltonian, generalizing the so-called 'ABV' Ising model and including collective many-body inter-atomic interactions, has been developed to treat rhenium solute atoms and vacancies in tungsten as components of a ternary alloy...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120030/comparison-between-automated-breast-volume-scanner-abvs-versus-hand-held-ultrasound-as-a-second-look-procedure-after-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
Rossano Girometti, Martina Zanotel, Viviana Londero, Massimo Bazzocchi, Chiara Zuiani
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the agreement between automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) and conventional ultrasound (US) as a second-look (SL) tool for assessing additional findings found on MRI. METHODS: Over a 7-month period, we prospectively assigned to SL-US and SL-ABVS all patients undergoing 1.5 T breast MRI in whom additional findings were found. Five experienced breast radiologists independently interpreted SL-US and SL-ABVS in blinded sessions to evaluate the detection rate of MRI findings and assign them to BI-RADS categories...
September 2017: European Radiology
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