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Miguel Ruiz-Flores Bistuer, Mª Teófila Vicente Herrero, Silvia Lladosa Marco, Luisa Mercedes Capdevila García, Ángel Arturo López González
Alcohol consumption is a concern for its effects on health and repercussions on the work environment. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of alcohol consumption among civil servants and to examine its association with sociodemographic and occupational variables. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1180 workers from January to November 2011. The prevalence of alcohol consumption was measured in ABV (alcohol by volume) units, and examined by sociodemographic and occupational variables (sex, education level, type of work and social class)...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
Constanze Schmachtenberg, Thomas Fischer, Bernd Hamm, Ulrich Bick
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the diagnostic value of automated breast volume scanning (ABVS) to that of handheld ultrasonography (HHUS) using breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as the gold standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with 39 examined breasts with at least one lesion visible in breast MRI underwent HHUS and ABVS. Detection rate, localization, maximum diameter, and Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System classification were compared...
March 20, 2017: Academic Radiology
Alexander Mundinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
Blake Ebersole, Ying Liu, Rich Schmidt, Matt Eckert, Paula Brown
Kombucha is a fermented non-alcoholic beveragethat has drawn government attention due to thepossible presence of excess ethanol (>0.5%alcohol by volume; ABV). A validated methodthat provides better precision and accuracy formeasuring ethanol levels in kombucha is urgentlyneeded by the kombucha industry. The currentstudy validated a method for determining ethanolcontent in commercial kombucha products. Theethanol content in kombucha was measuredusing headspace gas chromatography with flameionization detection (GC-FID)...
February 21, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
Olga Vintonyak, Martin Gorges, Hans-Peter Müller, Elmar H Pinkhardt, Albert C Ludolph, Hans-Jürgen Huppertz, Jan Kassubek
BACKGROUND: One common feature of neurodegenerative parkinsonism including Parkinson's disease (PD), multisystem atrophy (MSA), and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is altered eye movement control. Characteristic regional structural atrophy patterns in MRI can be observed in PD, MSA, and PSP. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between eye movement disturbances and regional brain atrophy in patients with PD, MSA, and PSP. METHODS: High-resolution 3-dimensional T1-weighted MRI images and video-oculographic recordings (EyeLink®) were obtained from 39 PD, 32 PSP, and 18 MSA patients and 24 matched healthy control subjects...
March 8, 2017: Neuro-degenerative Diseases
J S Wróbel, D Nguyen-Manh, K J Kurzydłowski, S L Dudarev
The occurrence of segregation in dilute alloys under irradiation is a highly unusual phenomenon that has recently attracted attention, stimulated by the interest in the fundamental properties of alloys as well as by their applications. The fact that solute atoms segregate in alloys that, according to equilibrium thermodynamics, should exhibit full solubility, has significant practical implications, as the formation of precipitates strongly affects physical and mechanical properties of alloys. A lattice Hamiltonian, generalizing the so-called 'ABV' Ising model and including collective many-body inter-atomic interactions, has been developed to treat rhenium solute atoms and vacancies in tungsten as components of a ternary alloy...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Rossano Girometti, Martina Zanotel, Viviana Londero, Massimo Bazzocchi, Chiara Zuiani
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the agreement between automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) and conventional ultrasound (US) as a second-look (SL) tool for assessing additional findings found on MRI. METHODS: Over a 7-month period, we prospectively assigned to SL-US and SL-ABVS all patients undergoing 1.5 T breast MRI in whom additional findings were found. Five experienced breast radiologists independently interpreted SL-US and SL-ABVS in blinded sessions to evaluate the detection rate of MRI findings and assign them to BI-RADS categories...
January 24, 2017: European Radiology
Feng-Yang Zheng, Qing Lu, Bei-Jian Huang, Han-Sheng Xia, Li-Xia Yan, Xi Wang, Wei Yuan, Wen-Ping Wang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correlation between the imaging features obtained by an automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) and molecular subtypes of breast cancer. METHODS: We examined 303 malignant breast tumours by ABVS for specific imaging features and by immunohistochemical analysis to determine the molecular subtype. ABVS imaging features, including retraction phenomenon, shape, margins, echogenicity, post-acoustic features, echogenic halo, and calcifications were analysed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses to determine the significant predictive factors of the molecular subtypes...
January 2017: European Journal of Radiology
Ian Newman, Ling Qian, Niran Tamrakar, Yonghua Feng, Ganrong Xu
BACKGROUND: Unrecorded traditional distilled spirits (bai jiu, ) are made and used throughout rural China for everyday use and special occasions. Nearly every town or village has a distiller to supply the demand. In rural China, distilling bai jiu is legal and regulated lightly or not at all. The World Health Organization estimates that as much as 25% of all alcohol consumed in China is unrecorded alcohol, of which an unknown portion is unrecorded bai jiu. Little is known about the composition of unrecorded Chinese spirits from rural parts of the country...
January 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
E Seror, J Donadieu, H Pacquement, S Abbou, A Lambilliotte, M Schell, C Curtillet, V Gandemer, M Pasquet, N Aladjidi, P Lutz, C Schmitt, A Deville, O Minckes, J P Vanier, C Armari-Alla, C Thomas, S Gorde-Grosjean, F Millot, P Blouin, N Garnier, C Coze, C Devoldere, Y Reguerre, S Helfre, L Claude, J Clavel, O Oberlin, J Landman-Parker, T Leblanc
Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) in children and adolescents is highly curable, but children are at risk of long-term toxicity. The MDH-03 guidelines were established in order to decrease the burden of treatment in good-responder patients, and this report should be considered a step toward further optimization of treatment within large collaborative trials. We report the therapy and long-term outcomes of 417 children and adolescents treated according to the national guidelines, which were applied between 2003 and 2007 in France...
October 2016: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
M Witt, J Frielinghausen, R Mueller, F Mueller, F Proft, H Schulze-Koops, M Grunke, D-A Clevert
Background: Arthrosonography has proven to be more sensitive and reliable for the detection of synovitis than clinical examination, but a comprehensive examination of small joints is time-consuming. The automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) has been developed to allow automatic and reproducible series of consecutive B-mode pictures of the female breast. Objectives: To analyze the comparability of ABVS and conventional manual ultrasonography (mUS) for the detection of synovitis in hands and feet of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
November 2016: Ultrasound International Open
Anne-Wil Kruijt, Andy P Field, Elaine Fox
BACKGROUND: New indices, calculated on data from the widely used Dot Probe Task, were recently proposed to capture variability in biased attention allocation. We observed that it remains unclear which data pattern is meant to be indicative of dynamic bias and thus to be captured by these indices. Moreover, we hypothesized that the new indices are sensitive to SD differences at the response time (RT) level in the absence of bias. METHOD: Randomly generated datasets were analyzed to assess properties of the Attention Bias Variability (ABV) and Trial Level Bias Score (TL-BS) indices...
2016: PloS One
Guillaume Martinez, Marie Walschaerts, Marine Le Mitouard, Remi Borye, Claire Thomas, Jacques Auger, Isabelle Berthaut, Florence Brugnon, Myriam Daudin, Nathalie Moinard, Célia Ravel, Jacqueline Saias, Ethel Szerman, Nathalie Rives, Sylviane Hennebicq, Louis Bujan
OBJECTIVE: To assess sperm production and aneuploidy in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) before and after treatments. DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective, longitudinal study of lymphoma patients analyzed before treatment and after 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. SETTING: University hospitals. PATIENT(S): Forty-five HL and 13 NHL patients were investigated before and after treatment. Treatment regimens were classified in two groups: ABVD (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine) with or without (±) radiotherapy, and CHOP (doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone)/MOPP-ABV (mechlorethamine, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone-doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine)...
February 2017: Fertility and Sterility
Cindy L Schwartz, Lu Chen, Kathleen McCarten, Suzanne Wolden, Louis S Constine, Robert E Hutchison, Pedro A de Alarcon, Frank G Keller, Kara M Kelly, Tanya A Trippet, Stephan D Voss, Debra L Friedman
BACKGROUND: Early response to initial chemotherapy in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) measured by computed tomography (CT) and/or positron emission tomography (PET) after two to three cycles of chemotherapy may inform therapeutic decisions. Risk stratification at diagnosis could, however, allow earlier and potentially more efficacious treatment modifications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We developed a predictive model for event-free survival (EFS) in pediatric/adolescent HL using clinical data known at diagnosis from 1103 intermediate-risk HL patients treated on Children's Oncology Group protocol AHOD0031 with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vincristine, etoposide, prednisone, cyclophosphamide (ABVE-PC) chemotherapy and radiation...
April 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Xiao-Lei Wang, Lin Tao, Xian-Li Zhou, Hong Wei, Jia-Wei Sun
OBJECTIVES: Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease consisting of distinct histopathological subtypes with different clinical outcomes. In this article, we identified the automated breast volume scanning (ABVS) and shear wave velocity (SWV) characteristics of different pathological types of breast carcinoma. METHODS: A retrospective review of both ABVS and SWV imaging of 118 consecutive breast masses was performed. The imaging features of both techniques were assessed with reference to histopathological results...
December 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Anqian Huang, Luoxi Zhu, Yanjuan Tan, Jian Liu, Jingjing Xiang, Qingqing Zhu, Lingyun Bao
The present is a retrospective study examining the use of automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) for guiding breast conservation surgery in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). A total of 142 patients with pathologically confirmed DCIS were initially included in the study. The patients underwent preoperative examination by conventional ultrasound and by ABVS. The BI-RADS category system was used to identify benign and malignant lesions, after which breast conservation surgery was performed, and the therapeutic effects were compared...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Elizabeth McGill, Dalya Marks, Colin Sumpter, Matt Egan
OBJECTIVES: Increasingly, English local authorities have encouraged the implementation of an intervention called 'Reducing the Strength' (RtS) whereby off-licences voluntarily stop selling inexpensive 'super-strength' (≥6.5% alcohol by volume (ABV)) beers and ciders. We conceptualised RtS as an event within a complex system in order to identify pathways by which the intervention may lead to intended and unintended consequences. DESIGN: A qualitative study including a focus group and semistructured interviews...
2016: BMJ Open
Teresa Araújo, Momen Abayazid, Matthieu J C M Rutten, Sarthak Misra
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound is an effective tool for breast cancer diagnosis. However, its relatively low image quality makes small lesion analysis challenging. This promotes the development of tools to help clinicians in the diagnosis. METHODS: We propose a method for segmentation and three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of lesions from ultrasound images acquired using the automated breast volume scanner (ABVS). Segmentation and reconstruction algorithms are applied to obtain the lesion's 3D geometry...
September 4, 2016: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
Roxanna Hellgren, Paul Dickman, Karin Leifland, Ariel Saracco, Per Hall, Fuat Celebioglu
Background Automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) is an ultrasound (US) device with a wide scanner that sweeps over a large area of the breast and the acquired transverse images are sent to a workstation for reconstruction and review. Whether ABVS is as reliable as handheld US is, however, still not established. Purpose To compare the sensitivity and specificity of ABVS to handheld breast US for detection of breast cancer, in the situation of recall after mammography screening. Material and Methods A total of 113 women, five with bilateral suspicious findings, undergoing handheld breast US due to a suspicious mammographic finding in screening, underwent additional ABVS...
May 2017: Acta Radiologica
Stephanie Walker, Suzanne Higgs, Philip Terry
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that college students are often unclear about how much alcohol is present in different drinks. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the abilities of students to estimate the alcohol contents of drinks, both in relative and absolute terms, and to examine how alcohol strength informs behavior. METHODS: For 10 popular drinks that varied by alcohol content, beverage and volume, 209 UK university students rank-ordered the drinks according to total alcohol content and then estimated, for each drink, the number of UK "units" of alcohol contained and its percentage alcohol-by-volume (% ABV)...
November 9, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
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