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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194308/differences-in-pollination-success-between-local-and-foreign-flower-color-phenotypes-a-translocation-experiment-with-gentiana-lutea-gentianaceae
#1
Javier A Guitián, Mar Sobral, Tania Veiga, María Losada, Pablo Guitián, José M Guitián
BACKGROUND: The adaptive maintenance of flower color variation is frequently attributed to pollinators partly because they preferentially visit certain flower phenotypes. We tested whether Gentiana lutea-which shows a flower color variation (from orange to yellow) in the Cantabrian Mountains range (north of Spain)-is locally adapted to the pollinator community. METHODS: We transplanted orange-flowering individuals to a population with yellow-flowering individuals and vice versa, in order to assess whether there is a pollination advantage in the local morph by comparing its visitation rate with the foreign morph...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181031/psychosocial-aspects-associated-with-use-of-sunscreen-natural-sunlight-exposure-and-artificial-tanning
#2
Jessica Ventenilla, Katlein França, Torello Lotti, Jonette Keri
Natural and artificial tanning have become very popular in Western culture, yet at the same time, there is still a psychodermatology concern for this activity. Not much has been examined with the psychological aspects of tanning and sunscreen use. The purpose of this study is to examine the psychosocial effects associated with sun protection, natural, and artificial tanning among individuals 18 years old or older visiting the University of Miami Dermatology Outpatient Clinic. We distributed a survey on tanning and sunscreen use to 150 dermatology outpatients, hospital employees, and hospital visitors for three weeks during June/July 2015 asking about how often they tan, use sunscreen, and how they feel about this topic...
February 8, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111787/the-flehmen-response-and-pseudosuckling-in-a-captive-juvenile-southern-sea-otter-enhydra-lutris-nereis
#3
Heide D Island, Julia Wengeler, Hannah Claussenius-Kalman
A juvenile, female sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) was observed in 43 instances of the flehmen response over 19 days from May through July of 2015 at the Oregon Zoo. In all flehmen grimace observations, the juvenile sea otter engaged in nibbling, nosing, or licking the peri-mammary or anogenital areas of a non-lactating, geriatric female sea otter. The flehmen behavior observed was consisted with the sequences of behavior documented in other mammals, lifting the head, elevating the nose to the air, retracting the upper lip slightly, and manipulating her mystacial vibrissae back and forth while rapidly inspiring air through her mouth in quick succession, tongue extruded...
January 23, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028138/prevalence-and-diversity-of-tick-borne-pathogens-in-nymphal-ixodes-scapularis-acari-ixodidae-in-eastern-national-parks
#4
Tammi L Johnson, Christine B Graham, Karen A Boegler, Cara C Cherry, Sarah E Maes, Mark A Pilgard, Andrias Hojgaard, Danielle E Buttke, Rebecca J Eisen
Tick-borne pathogens transmitted by Ixodes scapularis Say (Acari: Ixodidae), also known as the deer tick or blacklegged tick, are increasing in incidence and geographic distribution in the United States. We examined the risk of tick-borne disease exposure in 9 national parks across six Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic States and the District of Columbia in 2014 and 2015. To assess the recreational risk to park visitors, we sampled for ticks along frequently used trails and calculated the density of I. scapularis nymphs (DON) and the density of infected nymphs (DIN)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992253/farm-fairs-and-petting-zoos-a-review-of-animal-contact-as-a-source-of-zoonotic-enteric-disease
#5
Cheyenne C Conrad, Kim Stanford, Claudia Narvaez-Bravo, Todd Callaway, Tim McAllister
Many public venues such as farms, fairs, and petting zoos encourage animal contact for both educational and entertainment purposes. However, healthy farm animals, including cattle, small ruminants, and poultry, can be reservoirs for enteric zoonotic pathogens, with human infections resulting in nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and, in some cases, severe complications that can lead to death. As animals shed these organisms in their feces, contamination of themselves and their surroundings is unavoidable. The majority of North Americans reside in urban and suburban settings, and the general public often possess limited knowledge of agricultural practices and minimal contact with farm animals...
February 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989739/cardiac-arrest-in-schools-nationwide-incidence-risk-and-outcome
#6
Soyun Hwang, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Won Lee, Kyoung Jun Song, Ki Ok Ahn, Yu Jin Kim, Ki Jeong Hong, Young Sun Ro, Eui Jung Lee
AIM: of the study: Schools are an important location for improving OHCA outcome. But there are few data on out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in schools. This study aimed to show incidence and outcome of OHCA in schools, specifying location and activities. METHODS: We used the Korean nationwide OHCA registry from 2008 to 2014. OHCA victims were categorized regarding level of school. The average annual incidence of OHCA was calculated based on per 1000 schools...
October 28, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984154/cardiac-arrest-in-schools-nationwide-incidence-risk-and-outcome
#7
Soyun Hwang, Sang Do Shin, Kyungwon Lee, Kyoung Jun Song, Ki Ok Ahn, Yu Jin Kim, Ki Jeong Hong, Young Sun Ro, Eui Jung Lee
AIM: Schools are an important location for improving OHCA outcome. But there are few data on out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in schools. This study aimed to show incidence and outcome of OHCA in schools, specifying location and activities. METHODS: We used the Korean nationwide OHCA registry from 2008 to 2014. OHCA victims were categorized regarding level of school. The average annual incidence of OHCA was calculated based on per 1000 schools. The epidemiological characteristics are analysed and location and activity at the time of arrest is further described...
January 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964853/seeing-the-doctor-without-fear-www-doctortea-org-for-the-desensitization-from-medical-visits-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#8
Leticia Boada, Mara Parellada
INTRODUCTION: Doctor Tea is an online website designed to facilitate medical visits for those with autism spectrum disorder and other disabilities. People diagnosed with autism not only have greater medical needs than the general population, but also have particular characteristics that are often not accommodated by medical services. This lack of medical accommodation often creates a very complicated, and sometimes traumatic experience, when visiting medical facilities. Individuals with autism have great difficulty understanding social situations and contexts, such as medical tests or consultations, as well as difficulty in tolerating new situations and atypical sensory thresholds...
December 7, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912981/examining-the-association-between-surface-bioburden-and-frequently-touched-sites-in-intensive-care
#9
C E Adams, J Smith, V Watson, C Robertson, S J Dancer
BACKGROUND: Critical care patients are at increased risk of infection. Near-patient surfaces act as reservoirs of microbial soil, which may contain pathogens. AIM: To correlate soil levels with hand-touch frequency of near-patient sites in an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Five sites around each bed in a 10-bed ICU were screened for total microbial soil (cfu/cm(2)) and Staphylococcus aureus every month for 10 months. Selected sites were infusion pump and cardiac monitor, left and right bedrails, and bed table...
January 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907970/-epidemiology-etiology-and-clinical-picture-of-enteroviral-meningitis-in-children-in-south-moravia
#10
Adriana Braunová, Petra Rainetová, Lenka Krbková, Iva Čapovová, Lenka Klapačová, Václav Musil, Martin Musílek, Jana Bednářová
OBJECTIVES: Enteroviruses (EVs) are the most common cause of aseptic viral meningitis. In some cases, they can cause severe meningoencephalitis and acute flaccid paralysis - an association with some virulent serotypes. The objectives were to describe the epidemiological situation of EV meningitis in children in South Moravia, to elucidate the etiology including the incidence of virulent serotypes and to evaluate the clinical presentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 88 children with EV meningitis were prospectively evaluated...
September 2016: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871132/aspergillus-penicillioides-differentiation-and-cell-division-at-0-585-water-activity
#11
Andrew Stevenson, Philip G Hamill, Callum J O'Kane, Gerhard Kminek, John D Rummel, Mary A Voytek, Jan Dijksterhuis, John E Hallsworth
Water availability acts as the most-stringent constraint for life on Earth. Thus, understanding the water relations of microbial extremophiles is imperative to our ability to increase agricultural productivity (e.g., by enhancing the processing and turnover of dead organic matter in soils of arid regions); reduce human exposure to mycotoxins in buildings and our food-supply chain; prevent the spoilage of foods/animal feeds, books, museum specimens and artworks; and better control microbiology of industrial fermentations...
November 21, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862710/frequent-emergency-department-visitors-are-frequent-primary-care-visitors-and-report-unmet-primary-care-needs
#12
Amy Cunningham, Dawn Mautner, Bon Ku, Kevin Scott, Marianna LaNoue
A small percentage of emergency department (ED) visitors account for a disproportionate portion of ED visits. Little is known about their relationships with their primary care providers (PCPs). This study compares frequent and infrequent ED visitors' primary care utilization and perceptions of primary care access, continuity, and connectedness and examines primary care utilization and perceptions as predictors of ED use. Data were obtained from 2 cross-sectional studies of psychosocial predictors of high levels of utilization at 2 urban hospitals...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845478/healthcare-associated-infections-educational-intervention-by-adult-learning-in-an-italian-teaching-hospital
#13
A Rinaldi, A Marani, M Montesano, S Berdini, M C Petruccioli, F Di Ninno, R Orioli, F Ferretti, G Tarsitani, C Napoli, A De Luca, G B Orsi
BACKGROUND: An educational intervention for HAI prevention based on a combination of training, motivation and subsequent application in the current clinical practice in an Italian teaching hospital. METHODS: In 2015-2016 a pilot mandatory training on HAI targeted to HCWs was organized in the 450 bed teaching hospital Sant'Andrea in Rome. By adopting the "Impact/control matrix" prioritization tool, the relative level of impact (risk in causing or favoring HAI) and control (possibility for HCWs to prevent HAI) attributed by the participants to the issues associated to HAI during their working groups was evaluated...
November 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842469/lost-keys-understanding-service-providers-impressions-of-frequent-visitors-to-psychiatric-emergency-services-in-singapore
#14
Daniel Poremski, Ganesh Kunjithapatham, Doris Koh, Xin Ya Lim, Mark Alexander, Cheng Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study used administrative data to identify characteristics of frequent users of Singapore's largest specialized psychiatric emergency department (ED). Qualitative interviews were conducted to understand staff opinions of frequent visitors. METHODS: Data were from administrative records of all adult visits to the ED (N=16,123 visits of 10,108 individual users) in 2014. Random-effects logistic regressions were used to identify demographic and diagnostic characteristics of frequent visitors...
November 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812123/effectiveness-of-pricing-strategies-on-french-fries-and-fruit-purchases-among-university-students-results-from-an-on-campus-restaurant-experiment
#15
Tom Deliens, Benedicte Deforche, Lieven Annemans, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of a 10 and 20% meal price increase when choosing French fries and a 10 and 20% meal price reduction when choosing fruit for dessert on university students' purchasing behaviour in an on-campus restaurant. The moderating effect of gender was also investigated. Secondly, this study aimed at gaining further insight into reasons why these price manipulations did or did not change students' purchasing behaviour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This two-phased mixed-methods study was conducted in a Belgian on-campus university restaurant with approximately 1200 to 1300 student visitors per day...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770594/pollination-biology-of-the-hexaploid-self-compatible-species-turnera-velutina-passifloraceae
#16
P Sosenski, S E Ramos, C A Domínguez, K Boege, J Fornoni
The evolution of monomorphisms from heterostylous ancestors has been related to the presence of homostyly and the loss of self-incompatibility, allowing the occurrence of selfing, which could be advantageous under pollinator limitation. However, flowers of some monomorphic species show herkogamy, attraction and rewarding traits that presumably favour cross-pollination and/or a mixed mating system. This study evaluated the contributions of pollinators, breeding system and floral traits to the reproduction of Turnera velutina, a herkogamous monomorphic species...
October 22, 2016: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770587/pollination-of-campomanesia-phaea-myrtaceae-by-night-active-bees-a-new-nocturnal-pollination-system-mediated-by-floral-scent
#17
G D Cordeiro, M Pinheiro, S Dötterl, I Alves-Dos-Santos
Bees are the most important diurnal pollinators of angiosperms. In several groups of bees a nocturnal/crepuscular habit developed, yet little is known about their role in pollination and whether some plants are adapted specifically to these bees. We used a multidisciplinary approach to investigate the reproductive biology and to understand the role of nocturnal/crepuscular bees in pollination of Campomanesia phaea (Myrtaceae), popularly named cambuci. We studied the floral biology and breeding system of C. phaea...
October 22, 2016: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698269/community-pharmacists-evaluation-of-potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-in-older-community-dwelling-patients-with-polypharmacy-observational-research-based-on-the-gheop%C3%A2-s-tool
#18
Eline Tommelein, Els Mehuys, Inge Van Tongelen, Mirko Petrovic, Annemie Somers, Pieter Colin, Sophie Demarche, Thierry Van Hees, Thierry Christiaens, Koen Boussery
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to (i) determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in community-dwelling older polypharmacy patients using the Ghent Older People's Prescriptions community-Pharmacy Screening (GheOP³S) tool, (ii) identify the items that account for the highest proportion of PIP and (iii) identify the patient variables that may influence the occurrence of PIP. Additionally, pharmacist-physician contacts emerging from PIP screening with the GheOP³S tool and feasibility of the GheOP³S tool in daily practice were evaluated...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634563/impact-of-observing-hand-hygiene-in-practice-and-research-a-methodological-reconsideration
#19
REVIEW
D J Gould, S Creedon, A Jeanes, N S Drey, J Chudleigh, D Moralejo
The purpose of hand hygiene is to break the chain of healthcare-associated infection. In many countries hand hygiene is regularly audited as part of quality assurance based on recommendations from the World Health Organization. Direct observation is the recommended audit method but is associated with disadvantages, including potential for being observed to alter usual behaviour. The Hawthorne effect in relation to hand hygiene is analogous with productivity improvement by increasing the frequency with which hand hygiene is undertaken...
February 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633220/a-case-for-inclusive-design-analyzing-the-needs-of-those-who-frequent-taiwan-s-urban-parks
#20
Ko-Chiu Wu, Lih-Yau Song
Taiwan's declining birthrate has resulted in an aging population, and the needs addressed by public facilities are changing along with the shifting population structure. Visitors to urban parks filled out 869 questionnaires on the topic of inclusive design. Structural equation modeling revealed that park patrons could be categorized as those with special needs, and the general public. The biggest difference between these two groups manifests in their disparate needs concerning outdoor primary service facilities, followed by facilities related to accessibility, automation and the functions performed in open areas...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
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