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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128041/intraperitoneal-urinary-bladder-perforation-with-pneumoperitoneum-in-association-with-indwelling-foley-catheter-diagnosed-in-emergency-department
#1
Chenyang Zhan, Pedro P Maria, R Joshua Dym
BACKGROUND: Indwelling Foley catheter is a rare cause of urinary bladder perforation, a serious injury with high mortality that demands accurate and prompt diagnosis. While the gold standard for diagnosis of bladder injury is computed tomography (CT) cystography, few bladder ruptures associated with Foley catheter have been reported to be diagnosed in the emergency department (ED). CASE REPORT: An 83-year-old man with indwelling Foley catheter presented to the ED for hematuria and altered mental status...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123371/monitoring-biodiversity-in-libraries-a-pilot-study-and-perspectives-for-indoor-air-quality
#2
REVIEW
F Valeriani, C Cianfanelli, G Gianfranceschi, S Santucci, V Romano Spica, N Mucci
Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in libraries is influenced by the presence of specific factors which can impact on both paper storage as well as people health. Microclimatic conditions induce and support a biodiversity pattern involving environmental and anthropic microorganisms. We used a multidisciplinary monitoring model to characterize microflora biodiversity by Next Generation Sequencing (NGS). Biodiversity indexes were adapted to evaluate anthropic vs environmental pollution by combining Shannon mean index (H), species representativeness (EH), human/environmental pollution ratio (SA) to better characterize the NGS output and acquire synthetic information on Indoor Air Microbial Biodiversity (IAMB)...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089061/violence-against-physicians-and-nurses-in-a-hospital-how-does-it-happen-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Sigal Shafran-Tikva, David Chinitz, Zvi Stern, Paula Feder-Bubis
BACKGROUND: Violence against medical personnel is unexpected in hospitals which are devoted to healing, and yet, it is frequent and of concern in the health system. Little is known about the factors that lead to hospital violence, and even less is known about the interactions among these factors. The aim of the study was to identify and describe the perceptions of staff and patients regarding the factors that lead to violence on the part of patients and those accompanying them. METHODS: A mixed-methods study in a large, general, university tertiary hospital...
October 31, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069524/small-but-attractive-female-biased-nectar-production-and-floral-visitors-in-a-dimorphic-shrub
#4
Cinthya Cervantes, Anai Alvarez, Eduardo Cuevas
In sexually dimorphic species, hermaphrodite flowers in gynodioecious species, or male flowers in dioecious species, often are larger and produce more nectar than their conspecific female flowers. As a consequence, hermaphrodite or male flowers frequently receive more pollinator visits. Sex ratio, flower size, floral display, nectar production and floral visits were evaluated in two natural populations of Fuchsia thymifolia, a morphologically gynodioecious but functionally subdioecious insect-pollinated shrub...
October 25, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040084/quantification-and-identification-of-aerobic-bacteria-in-holy-water-samples-from-a-german-environment
#5
Christoph König, Stephanie Tauchnitz, Heike Kunzelmann, Christian Horn, Frithjof Blessing, Matthias Kohl, Markus Egert
Despite its frequent use in many religious institutions, the microbiological quality of holy water is clearly underinvestigated. We analyzed the microbial load of 54 holy water samples, repeatedly taken in five Roman Catholic churches in the greater area of Villingen-Schwenningen, Germany, by means of aerobic colony counting and Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization (MALDI) Biotyping of representative isolates. Over all samples, colony counting indicated an average aerobic microbial load of 5.85 ± 3...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024390/pollination-in-the-chilean-mediterranean-type-ecosystem-a-review-of-current-advances-and-pending-tasks
#6
REVIEW
R Medel, C González-Browne, F E Fontúrbel
We conducted a systematic review of the scientific literature published on plant-pollinator interactions, from both the plant and pollinator perspective, in the Chilean Mediterranean-type ecosystem (MTE hereafter). Our search identified 69 published papers on 235 native plant species from 62 families. Less than 7.9% of the flowering species inhabiting the Chilean Mediterranean have been studied, and most studies were restricted to only one locality and one reproductive season. The geographic location of the studies differed from a random pattern, showing two well-defined areas where most studies were conducted...
October 10, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961668/neurobiological-mediators-of-squalor-dwelling-behavior
#7
David A Kahn
Squalor-dwelling behavior has been characterized as living in conditions so unsanitary that feelings of revulsion are elicited among visitors. This behavior is commonly associated with an insensitivity to distress/disgust and a failure to understand the direness of one's living situation, which leads to social isolation and impairment in quality of life. Etiologically, several associations have been described in the literature, including age-related decline, lower socioeconomic status, and rural dwelling status...
September 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961667/neurobiological-mediators-of-squalor-dwelling-behavior
#8
Manan Gupta, Ram J Bishnoi, Jason E Schillerstrom
Squalor-dwelling behavior has been characterized as living in conditions so unsanitary that feelings of revulsion are elicited among visitors. This behavior is commonly associated with an insensitivity to distress/disgust and a failure to understand the direness of one's living situation, which leads to social isolation and impairment in quality of life. Etiologically, several associations have been described in the literature, including age-related decline, lower socioeconomic status, and rural dwelling status...
September 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953961/parent-perceptions-of-the-quality-of-life-of-pet-dogs-living-with-neuro-typically-developing-and-neuro-atypically-developing-children-an-exploratory-study
#9
Sophie S Hall, Hannah F Wright, Daniel S Mills
There is growing scientific and societal recognition of the role that pet dogs can play in healthy development of children; both those who are neuro-typically developing and those who live with a neuro-developmental disorder, such as autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However, little attention has been paid to how living with children positively and negatively affects quality of life of a pet dog. In this exploratory study we conducted semi-structured interviews with parents of neuro-typically developing children (n = 18) and those with a neuro-developmental disorder (n = 18) who owned a pet dog, until no new factors were identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953102/emergency-department-utilization-by-native-american-children
#10
Heather G Zook, Anupam B Kharbanda, Susan E Puumala, Katherine A Burgess, Wyatt Pickner, Nathaniel R Payne
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine differences in emergency department (ED) use by Native American (NA) children in rural and urban settings and identify factors associated with frequent ED visits. METHODS: This cross-sectional, cohort study examined visits to 6 EDs: 2 rural, 2 midsize urban, and 2 large urban EDs from June 2011 to May 2012. Univariate and multiple regression analyses were conducted. Frequent ED visitors had more than 4 visits in the study period...
September 25, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942569/buzz-in-paris-flower-production-and-plant-pollinator-interactions-in-plants-from-contrasted-urban-and-rural-origins
#11
James Desaegher, Sophie Nadot, Isabelle Dajoz, Bruno Colas
Urbanisation, associated with habitat fragmentation, affects pollinator communities and insect foraging behaviour. These biotic changes are likely to select for modified traits in insect-pollinated plants from urban populations compared to rural populations. To test this hypothesis, we conducted an experiment involving four plant species commonly found in both urban and rural landscapes of the Île-de-France region (France): Cymbalaria muralis, Geranium robertianum, Geum urbanum and Prunella vulgaris. The four species were grown in four urban and four rural experimental sites in 2015...
December 2017: Genetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885136/contacts-of-healthcare-workers-patients-and-visitors-in-general-wards-in-singapore
#12
L Jiang, H L Ng, H J Ho, Y S Leo, K Prem, A R Cook, M I Chen
To characterize contacts in general wards, a prospective survey of healthcare workers (HCWs), patients and visitors was conducted using self-reported diary, direct observation and telephone interviews. Nurses, doctors and assorted HCWs reported a median of 14, 18 and 15 contact persons over one work shift, respectively. Within 1 h, we observed 3·5 episodes with 25·6 min of cumulative contact time for nurses, 2·9 episodes and 22·1 min for doctors and 5·0 episodes with 44·3 min for assorted-HCWs. In interactions with patients, nurses had multiple brief episodes of contact; doctors had fewer episodes and less cumulative contact time; assorted-HCWs had fewer contact episodes of longer durations (than for nurses and doctors)...
October 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855065/predicting-72-hour-emergency-department-revisits
#13
Gene Pellerin, Kelly Gao, Laurence Kaminsky
OBJECTIVES: To develop a predictive model that hospitals or healthcare systems can use to identify patients at high risk of revisiting the ED within 72h so that appropriate interventions can be delivered. METHODS: This study employed multivariate logistic regression in developing the predictive model. The study data were from four Veterans medical centers in Upstate New York; 21,141 patients in total with ED visits were included in the analysis. Fiscal Year (FY) 2013 data were used to predict revisits in FY 2014...
August 25, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846734/identifying-species-at-coextinction-risk-when-detection-is-imperfect-model-evaluation-and-case-study
#14
Michaela Plein, William K Morris, Melinda L Moir, Peter A Vesk
Losing a species from a community can cause further extinctions, a process also known as coextinction. The risk of being extirpated with an interaction partner is commonly inferred from a species' host-breadth, derived from observing interactions between species. But observational data suffers from imperfect detection, making coextinction estimates highly unreliable. To address this issue and to account for data uncertainty, we fit a hierarchical N-mixture model to individual-level interaction data from a mutualistic network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767272/user-statistics-for-an-online-health-game-targeted-at-children
#15
Eva E Alblas, Frans Folkvord, Doeschka J Anschütz, Paul E Ketelaar, Isabela Granic, Fréderike Mensink, Moniek Buijzen, Jonathan P van 't Riet
OBJECTIVE: Given that many households in western countries nowadays have home access to the Internet, developing health-promoting online interventions has the potential to reach large audiences. Studies assessing usage data of online health interventions are important and relevant but, as of yet, scarce. The present study reviewed usage data from Monkey Do, an existing online health game developed specifically for children from 4 to 8 years old. In addition, the effect of advertising on usage was examined...
October 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717440/stigmatic-limitations-on-reproductive-success-in-a-paleotropical-tree-causes-and-consequences
#16
Madhu Raina, Raman Kumar, Veenu Kaul
Success in reproduction is subject to the successful initiation as well as successful completion of a chain of consecutive events starting from flower formation and ending with viable seed production. A pivotal role in this chain is played by the stigma which is the seat of pollen recognition and initiation of pollen-pistil interaction. An interesting feature of the family Bignoniaceae is the presence of thigmosensitive stigmas which open, close and re-open in response to touch. Kigelia pinnata bears a touch sensitive stigma and is a low fruit setter in Jammu and Kashmir (India)...
July 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686322/characteristics-of-frequent-emergency-department-users-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-korea
#17
Morena Ustulin, Junghoon Woo, Jeong-Taek Woo, Sang Youl Rhee
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Frequent emergency department (ED) visitors are medically vulnerable individuals. We identified the characteristics of "frequent ED users" among Korean patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service National Patient Sample, which is a nationally representative sample. Patients (n = 109,412) with type 2 diabetes mellitus as a primary or secondary diagnosis at one of their visits were included...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677219/the-nectar-spur-is-not-only-a-simple-specialization-for-long-proboscid-pollinators
#18
Anna Vlašánková, Eliška Padyšáková, Michael Bartoš, Ximo Mengual, Petra Janečková, Štěpán Janeček
Since the time of Darwin, biologists have considered the floral nectar spur to be an adaptation representing a high degree of plant specialization. Nevertheless, some researchers suggest that nature is more complex and that even morphologically specialized plants attract a wide spectrum of visitors. We observed visitors on Impatiens burtonii (Balsaminaceae) and measured the depth of the proboscis insertion into the spur, the distance of the nectar surface from the spur entrance and the visitor's effectiveness...
September 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640839/assessment-of-recall-error-in-self-reported-food-consumption-histories-among-adults-particularly-delay-of-interviews-decrease-completeness-of-food-histories-germany-2013
#19
Maximilian Gertler, Irina Czogiel, Klaus Stark, Hendrik Wilking
INTRODUCTION: Poor recall during investigations of foodborne outbreaks may lead to misclassifications in exposure ascertainment. We conducted a simulation study to assess the frequency and determinants of recall errors. METHODS: Lunch visitors in a cafeteria using exclusively cashless payment reported their consumption of 13 food servings available daily in the three preceding weeks using a self-administered paper-questionnaire. We validated this information using electronic payment information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626040/pollinia-transfer-on-moth-legs-in-hoya-carnosa-apocynaceae
#20
Ko Mochizuki, Saori Furukawa, Atsushi Kawakita
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: The genus Hoya (Apocynaceae; Asclepiadoideae) is characterized by a set of complex floral characters unique among the asclepiads, but their role in pollination is poorly understood. Here, we report a new mechanism of asclepiad pollination in the wax plant Hoya carnosa: the pollinaria are transferred on the legs of medium or large settling moths. METHODS: Floral visitors and their behavior were observed on Amami-Oshima Island during 2013-2015, and the efficacy of different pollinators was determined by counting the pollinarium loads on different flower visitors...
June 2017: American Journal of Botany
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