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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413237/in-space-and-time-territorial-animals-are-attracted-to-conspecific-chemical-cues
#1
Stephanie M Campos, Chloe Strauss, Emília P Martins
Territorial animals lay scent marks around their territories to broadcast their presence, but these olfactory signals can both attract and repel con-specifics. Attraction or aversion can have a profound impact in terms of space use and thereby influence an individual's access to resources and mates. Here, we test the impact of chemical signals on the long-term space use and activity of receivers, comparing the response of males and females, territory holders, and temporary visitors in Sceloporus undulatus lizards in the field...
February 2017: Ethology: Formerly Zeitschrift Für Tierpsychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353131/frequent-visitors-at-the-psychiatric-emergency-room-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Manuela Schmidt
Frequent visitors at the psychiatric emergency room (PER) constitute a small subgroup of patients, yet they are responsible for a disproportionate number of visits and thus claim considerable resources. Their needs are often left unmet and their repetitive visits reflect their dissatisfaction as well as that of PERs' staff. Motivated by these dilemmas, this study systematically reviews the literature about frequent visitors at PER and seeks to answer two questions: What characterizes frequent visitors at PER in the literature? and What characterizes PER in the literature? Based on 29 studies, this paper offers answers to the two questions based on a strength weakness opportunities and threats (SWOT) analysis...
March 29, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327494/hand-hygiene-in-health-care-settings-the-citizens-point-of-view
#3
Chiara Foà, Grazia Antonella Tura, Claudia Camelli, Roberta Silingardi, Monia Malavolti, Elisabeth Kuenzer, Gabriella Carraro, Barbara De Paolis, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The infection risk prevention is one of the main objectives of all health and sanitary systems, since the reduction of the healthcare associated infections is attainable goals through appropriate prevention strategies. Among these, proper hand hygiene of health care professionals and citizens (visitors/outpatients/caregivers, volunteers) is fundamental to reduce the spreading of micro organisms and prevent infections. The purpose of the study is indeed to explore the self-reported hand washing behavior of citizens who access to health facilities and the variables involved in it, using in particular the Theory of Planned Behaviour...
March 14, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301248/small-poultry-flocks-in-alberta-demographics-and-practices
#4
Chunu Mainali, Ilona Houston
The distribution, composition, and management characteristics of small "backyard" poultry flocks may have important implications in the spread of both avian diseases and zoonoses of public health concern. Although the prevalence of small poultry flocks has increased in Alberta, Canada, in recent years, there is minimal demographic information available for these populations. To gain initial epidemiologic insight into this growing population and potential areas of risk, a survey was conducted to characterize the sector...
March 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298377/nectar-properties-and-the-role-of-sunbirds-as-pollinators-of-the-golden-flowered-tea-camellia-petelotii
#5
Shi-Guo Sun, Zhi-Huan Huang, Zhi-Bao Chen, Shuang-Quan Huang
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Properties of floral nectar have been used to predict if a plant species is pollinated by birds. To see whether winter-flowering plants evolve nectar properties corresponding to bird pollinators, nectar properties of several Camellia species (including the golden-flowered tea), as well as the role of floral visitors as effective pollinators, were examined. METHODS: Potential pollinators of Camellia petelotii were identified at different times of day and under various weather conditions...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293560/when-yawning-occurs-in-elephants
#6
Zoë T Rossman, Benjamin L Hart, Brian J Greco, Debbie Young, Clare Padfield, Lisa Weidner, Jennifer Gates, Lynette A Hart
Yawning is a widely recognized behavior in mammalian species. One would expect that elephants yawn, although to our knowledge, no one has reported observations of yawning in any species of elephant. After confirming a behavioral pattern matching the criteria of yawning in two Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in a zoological setting, this study was pursued with nine captive African elephants (Loxodonta africana) at a private reserve in the Western Cape, South Africa, the Knysna Elephant Park. Observations were made in June-September and in December...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223372/perspectives-of-low-socioeconomic-status-mothers-of-premature-infants
#7
Elizabeth Enlow, Laura J Faherty, Sara Wallace-Keeshen, Ashley E Martin, Judy A Shea, Scott A Lorch
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Transitioning premature infants from the NICU to home is a high-risk period with potential for compromised care. Parental stress is high, and families of low socioeconomic status may face additional challenges. Home visiting programs have been used to help this transition, with mixed success. We sought to understand the experiences of at-risk families during this transition to inform interventions. METHODS: Mothers of infants born at <35 weeks' gestation, meeting low socioeconomic status criteria, were interviewed by telephone 30 days after discharge to assess caregiver experiences of discharge and perceptions of home visitors (HVs)...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194308/differences-in-pollination-success-between-local-and-foreign-flower-color-phenotypes-a-translocation-experiment-with-gentiana-lutea-gentianaceae
#8
Javier A Guitián, Mar Sobral, Tania Veiga, María Losada, Pablo Guitián, José M Guitián
BACKGROUND: The adaptive maintenance of flower color variation is frequently attributed to pollinators partly because they preferentially visit certain flower phenotypes. We tested whether Gentiana lutea-which shows a flower color variation (from orange to yellow) in the Cantabrian Mountains range (north of Spain)-is locally adapted to the pollinator community. METHODS: We transplanted orange-flowering individuals to a population with yellow-flowering individuals and vice versa, in order to assess whether there is a pollination advantage in the local morph by comparing its visitation rate with the foreign morph...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181031/psychosocial-aspects-associated-with-use-of-sunscreen-natural-sunlight-exposure-and-artificial-tanning
#9
Jessica Ventenilla, Katlein França, Torello Lotti, Jonette Keri
Natural and artificial tanning have become very popular in Western culture, yet at the same time, there is still a psychodermatology concern for this activity. Not much has been examined with the psychological aspects of tanning and sunscreen use. The purpose of this study is to examine the psychosocial effects associated with sun protection, natural, and artificial tanning among individuals 18 years old or older visiting the University of Miami Dermatology Outpatient Clinic. We distributed a survey on tanning and sunscreen use to 150 dermatology outpatients, hospital employees, and hospital visitors for three weeks during June/July 2015 asking about how often they tan, use sunscreen, and how they feel about this topic...
February 8, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111787/the-flehmen-response-and-pseudosuckling-in-a-captive-juvenile-southern-sea-otter-enhydra-lutris-nereis
#10
Heide D Island, Julia Wengeler, Hannah Claussenius-Kalman
A juvenile, female sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) was observed in 43 instances of the flehmen response over 19 days from May through July of 2015 at the Oregon Zoo. In all flehmen grimace observations, the juvenile sea otter engaged in nibbling, nosing, or licking the peri-mammary or anogenital areas of a non-lactating, geriatric female sea otter. The flehmen behavior observed was consisted with the sequences of behavior documented in other mammals, lifting the head, elevating the nose to the air, retracting the upper lip slightly, and manipulating her mystacial vibrissae back and forth while rapidly inspiring air through her mouth in quick succession, tongue extruded...
January 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028138/prevalence-and-diversity-of-tick-borne-pathogens-in-nymphal-ixodes-scapularis-acari-ixodidae-in-eastern-national-parks
#11
Tammi L Johnson, Christine B Graham, Karen A Boegler, Cara C Cherry, Sarah E Maes, Mark A Pilgard, Andrias Hojgaard, Danielle E Buttke, Rebecca J Eisen
Tick-borne pathogens transmitted by Ixodes scapularis Say (Acari: Ixodidae), also known as the deer tick or blacklegged tick, are increasing in incidence and geographic distribution in the United States. We examined the risk of tick-borne disease exposure in 9 national parks across six Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic States and the District of Columbia in 2014 and 2015. To assess the recreational risk to park visitors, we sampled for ticks along frequently used trails and calculated the density of I. scapularis nymphs (DON) and the density of infected nymphs (DIN)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992253/farm-fairs-and-petting-zoos-a-review-of-animal-contact-as-a-source-of-zoonotic-enteric-disease
#12
Cheyenne C Conrad, Kim Stanford, Claudia Narvaez-Bravo, Todd Callaway, Tim McAllister
Many public venues such as farms, fairs, and petting zoos encourage animal contact for both educational and entertainment purposes. However, healthy farm animals, including cattle, small ruminants, and poultry, can be reservoirs for enteric zoonotic pathogens, with human infections resulting in nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and, in some cases, severe complications that can lead to death. As animals shed these organisms in their feces, contamination of themselves and their surroundings is unavoidable. The majority of North Americans reside in urban and suburban settings, and the general public often possess limited knowledge of agricultural practices and minimal contact with farm animals...
February 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989739/cardiac-arrest-in-schools-nationwide-incidence-risk-and-outcome
#13
Soyun Hwang, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Won Lee, Kyoung Jun Song, Ki Ok Ahn, Yu Jin Kim, Ki Jeong Hong, Young Sun Ro, Eui Jung Lee
AIM: of the study: Schools are an important location for improving OHCA outcome. But there are few data on out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in schools. This study aimed to show incidence and outcome of OHCA in schools, specifying location and activities. METHODS: We used the Korean nationwide OHCA registry from 2008 to 2014. OHCA victims were categorized regarding level of school. The average annual incidence of OHCA was calculated based on per 1000 schools...
October 28, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984154/cardiac-arrest-in-schools-nationwide-incidence-risk-and-outcome
#14
Soyun Hwang, Sang Do Shin, Kyungwon Lee, Kyoung Jun Song, Ki Ok Ahn, Yu Jin Kim, Ki Jeong Hong, Young Sun Ro, Eui Jung Lee
AIM: Schools are an important location for improving OHCA outcome. But there are few data on out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in schools. This study aimed to show incidence and outcome of OHCA in schools, specifying location and activities. METHODS: We used the Korean nationwide OHCA registry from 2008 to 2014. OHCA victims were categorized regarding level of school. The average annual incidence of OHCA was calculated based on per 1000 schools. The epidemiological characteristics are analysed and location and activity at the time of arrest is further described...
January 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964853/seeing-the-doctor-without-fear-www-doctortea-org-for-the-desensitization-from-medical-visits-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#15
Leticia Boada, Mara Parellada
INTRODUCTION: Doctor Tea is an online website designed to facilitate medical visits for those with autism spectrum disorder and other disabilities. People diagnosed with autism not only have greater medical needs than the general population, but also have particular characteristics that are often not accommodated by medical services. This lack of medical accommodation often creates a very complicated, and sometimes traumatic experience, when visiting medical facilities. Individuals with autism have great difficulty understanding social situations and contexts, such as medical tests or consultations, as well as difficulty in tolerating new situations and atypical sensory thresholds...
December 7, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912981/examining-the-association-between-surface-bioburden-and-frequently-touched-sites-in-intensive-care
#16
C E Adams, J Smith, V Watson, C Robertson, S J Dancer
BACKGROUND: Critical care patients are at increased risk of infection. Near-patient surfaces act as reservoirs of microbial soil, which may contain pathogens. AIM: To correlate soil levels with hand-touch frequency of near-patient sites in an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Five sites around each bed in a 10-bed ICU were screened for total microbial soil (cfu/cm(2)) and Staphylococcus aureus every month for 10 months. Selected sites were infusion pump and cardiac monitor, left and right bedrails, and bed table...
January 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907970/-epidemiology-etiology-and-clinical-picture-of-enteroviral-meningitis-in-children-in-south-moravia
#17
Adriana Braunová, Petra Rainetová, Lenka Krbková, Iva Čapovová, Lenka Klapačová, Václav Musil, Martin Musílek, Jana Bednářová
OBJECTIVES: Enteroviruses (EVs) are the most common cause of aseptic viral meningitis. In some cases, they can cause severe meningoencephalitis and acute flaccid paralysis - an association with some virulent serotypes. The objectives were to describe the epidemiological situation of EV meningitis in children in South Moravia, to elucidate the etiology including the incidence of virulent serotypes and to evaluate the clinical presentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 88 children with EV meningitis were prospectively evaluated...
September 2016: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871132/aspergillus-penicillioides-differentiation-and-cell-division-at-0-585-water-activity
#18
Andrew Stevenson, Philip G Hamill, Callum J O'Kane, Gerhard Kminek, John D Rummel, Mary A Voytek, Jan Dijksterhuis, John E Hallsworth
Water availability acts as the most stringent constraint for life on Earth. Thus, understanding the water relations of microbial extremophiles is imperative to our ability to increase agricultural productivity (e.g., by enhancing the processing and turnover of dead organic matter in soils of arid regions), reduce human exposure to mycotoxins in buildings and our food-supply chain, prevent the spoilage of foods/animal feeds, books, museum specimens and artworks and better control microbiology of industrial fermentations...
November 21, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862710/frequent-emergency-department-visitors-are-frequent-primary-care-visitors-and-report-unmet-primary-care-needs
#19
Amy Cunningham, Dawn Mautner, Bon Ku, Kevin Scott, Marianna LaNoue
A small percentage of emergency department (ED) visitors account for a disproportionate portion of ED visits. Little is known about their relationships with their primary care providers (PCPs). This study compares frequent and infrequent ED visitors' primary care utilization and perceptions of primary care access, continuity, and connectedness and examines primary care utilization and perceptions as predictors of ED use. Data were obtained from 2 cross-sectional studies of psychosocial predictors of high levels of utilization at 2 urban hospitals...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845478/healthcare-associated-infections-educational-intervention-by-adult-learning-in-an-italian-teaching-hospital
#20
A Rinaldi, A Marani, M Montesano, S Berdini, M C Petruccioli, F Di Ninno, R Orioli, F Ferretti, G Tarsitani, C Napoli, A De Luca, G B Orsi
BACKGROUND: An educational intervention for HAI prevention based on a combination of training, motivation and subsequent application in the current clinical practice in an Italian teaching hospital. METHODS: In 2015-2016 a pilot mandatory training on HAI targeted to HCWs was organized in the 450 bed teaching hospital Sant'Andrea in Rome. By adopting the "Impact/control matrix" prioritization tool, the relative level of impact (risk in causing or favoring HAI) and control (possibility for HCWs to prevent HAI) attributed by the participants to the issues associated to HAI during their working groups was evaluated...
November 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
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