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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332105/the-emergence-of-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates-producing-oxa-48-and-ndm-in-the-southern-asir-province-saudi-arabia
#1
Ibrahim A Al-Zahrani, Bander A Alsiri
To identify the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) and the most common types of cabapenemases among CRKP in the Southern (Asir) province hospitals, Saudi Arabia. Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted between late April and September in 2015. A total of 54 Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) isolates with reduced sensitivity to carbapenems were obtained from various clinical specimens of the 2 largest hospitals in the Southern province. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of carbapenems were confirmed using E-test...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324923/the-operation-of-the-day-care-centre-of-alzheimer-hellas-saint-helen-and-of-the-memory-clinic-of-papanikolaou-general-hospital-from-2007-to-2017
#2
Chrysa Papasozomenou, Eleni Poptsi, Eirini Maria Tabaki, Magda Tsolaki
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, there is a rapid increase of neurocognitive disorders (ND), while Alzheimer disease (AD), is the most frequent type of neurodegeneration. Therefore, Day Care Centers (DCC) and Memory Clinics (MC) have been created in order to correspond to the rising needs of people with ND. The aim of the study was to record clinical and demographic characteristics of people with ND from the broader area of Thessaloniki. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data bases were collected and were analyzed in order to examine demographical characteristics of all visitors of the DCC of Alzheimer Hellas and of visitors of the Papanikolaou General Hospital, during the years 2007-2017...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321298/the-worldwide-importance-of-honey-bees-as-pollinators-in-natural-habitats
#3
Keng-Lou James Hung, Jennifer M Kingston, Matthias Albrecht, David A Holway, Joshua R Kohn
The western honey bee (Apis mellifera) is the most frequent floral visitor of crops worldwide, but quantitative knowledge of its role as a pollinator outside of managed habitats is largely lacking. Here we use a global dataset of 80 published plant-pollinator interaction networks as well as pollinator effectiveness measures from 34 plant species to assess the importance of A. mellifera in natural habitats. Apis mellifera is the most frequent floral visitor in natural habitats worldwide, averaging 13% of floral visits across all networks (range 0-85%), with 5% of plant species recorded as being exclusively visited by A...
January 10, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308128/evidence-for-passerine-bird-pollination-in-rhododendron-species
#4
Zhi-Huan Huang, Yun-Peng Song, Shuang-Quan Huang
When insect activity is limited at low temperature, birds may be comparatively more important pollinators than insects for flowering plants. It has been thought that many large-flowered Rhododendron species are pollinated by local birds in the Himalayan regions because most of these species flower in spring at high elevation with cool atmospheric temperature. However, experimental evidence for the role of bird pollination in this hyperdiverse genus remains scarce. To examine the role of birds and insects in pollination, we observed floral visitors to 15 Rhododendron species with different floral sizes and abundant flowering individuals in the eastern Himalayas, Southwest China...
November 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300811/pollination-by-fungus-gnats-and-associated-floral-characteristics-in-five-families-of-the-japanese-flora
#5
Ko Mochizuki, Atsushi Kawakita
Background and aims: Pollination by fungus gnats (Mycetophilidae and Sciaridae) is uncommon, but is nevertheless known to occur in 20 genera among eight angiosperm families. Because many fungus gnat-pollinated plants possess a dark red floral display, we hypothesized that fungus gnat pollination is more widespread among plants with similar floral display than currently known. We thus studied the pollination biology of flowers with dark red pigmentation in five families, focusing particularly on plants having small, flat, actinomorphic flowers with exposed nectaries and short stamens, because these floral characteristics mirror those of a known fungus gnat-pollinated genus (Mitella)...
December 29, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247290/indirect-effects-of-mutualism-ant-treehopper-associations-deter-pollinators-and-reduce-reproduction-in-a-tropical-shrub
#6
Javier Ibarra-Isassi, Paulo S Oliveira
Animal-pollinated plants can be susceptible to changes in pollinator availability. Honeydew-producing treehoppers frequently occur on inflorescences, potentially enhancing ant-mediated negative effects on pollination services. However, the effect of ant-attended, honeydew-producing insects on plant reproduction remains uncertain. We recorded the abundance of treehoppers and ants on Byrsonima intermedia (Malpighiaceae), and monitored floral visitors in a Brazilian cerrado savanna. We manipulated the presence of ants and ant-treehopper associations on inflorescences to assess their effect on pollination and fruit formation...
December 15, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243221/nursing-interventions-for-smoking-cessation
#7
REVIEW
Virginia Hill Rice, Laura Heath, Jonathan Livingstone-Banks, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals, including nurses, frequently advise people to improve their health by stopping smoking. Such advice may be brief, or part of more intensive interventions. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of nursing-delivered smoking cessation interventions in adults. To establish whether nursing-delivered smoking cessation interventions are more effective than no intervention; are more effective if the intervention is more intensive; differ in effectiveness with health state and setting of the participants; are more effective if they include follow-ups; are more effective if they include aids that demonstrate the pathophysiological effect of smoking...
December 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128041/intraperitoneal-urinary-bladder-perforation-with-pneumoperitoneum-in-association-with-indwelling-foley-catheter-diagnosed-in-emergency-department
#8
Chenyang Zhan, Pedro P Maria, R Joshua Dym
BACKGROUND: Indwelling Foley catheter is a rare cause of urinary bladder perforation, a serious injury with high mortality that demands accurate and prompt diagnosis. While the gold standard for diagnosis of bladder injury is computed tomography (CT) cystography, few bladder ruptures associated with Foley catheter have been reported to be diagnosed in the emergency department (ED). CASE REPORT: An 83-year-old man with indwelling Foley catheter presented to the ED for hematuria and altered mental status...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123371/monitoring-biodiversity-in-libraries-a-pilot-study-and-perspectives-for-indoor-air-quality
#9
REVIEW
F Valeriani, C Cianfanelli, G Gianfranceschi, S Santucci, V Romano Spica, N Mucci
Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in libraries is influenced by the presence of specific factors which can impact on both paper storage as well as people health. Microclimatic conditions induce and support a biodiversity pattern involving environmental and anthropic microorganisms. We used a multidisciplinary monitoring model to characterize microflora biodiversity by Next Generation Sequencing (NGS). Biodiversity indexes were adapted to evaluate anthropic vs environmental pollution by combining Shannon mean index (H), species representativeness (EH), human/environmental pollution ratio (SA) to better characterize the NGS output and acquire synthetic information on Indoor Air Microbial Biodiversity (IAMB)...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089061/violence-against-physicians-and-nurses-in-a-hospital-how-does-it-happen-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Sigal Shafran-Tikva, David Chinitz, Zvi Stern, Paula Feder-Bubis
BACKGROUND: Violence against medical personnel is unexpected in hospitals which are devoted to healing, and yet, it is frequent and of concern in the health system. Little is known about the factors that lead to hospital violence, and even less is known about the interactions among these factors. The aim of the study was to identify and describe the perceptions of staff and patients regarding the factors that lead to violence on the part of patients and those accompanying them. METHODS: A mixed-methods study in a large, general, university tertiary hospital...
October 31, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069524/small-but-attractive-female-biased-nectar-production-and-floral-visitors-in-a-dimorphic-shrub
#11
Cinthya Cervantes, Anai Alvarez, Eduardo Cuevas
In sexually dimorphic species, hermaphrodite flowers in gynodioecious species, or male flowers in dioecious species, often are larger and produce more nectar than their conspecific female flowers. As a consequence, hermaphrodite or male flowers frequently receive more pollinator visits. Sex ratio, flower size, floral display, nectar production and floral visits were evaluated in two natural populations of Fuchsia thymifolia, a morphologically gynodioecious but functionally subdioecious insect-pollinated shrub...
October 25, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040084/quantification-and-identification-of-aerobic-bacteria-in-holy-water-samples-from-a-german-environment
#12
Christoph König, Stephanie Tauchnitz, Heike Kunzelmann, Christian Horn, Frithjof Blessing, Matthias Kohl, Markus Egert
Despite its frequent use in many religious institutions, the microbiological quality of holy water is clearly underinvestigated. We analyzed the microbial load of 54 holy water samples, repeatedly taken in five Roman Catholic churches in the greater area of Villingen-Schwenningen, Germany, by means of aerobic colony counting and Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization (MALDI) Biotyping of representative isolates. Over all samples, colony counting indicated an average aerobic microbial load of 5.85 ± 3...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024390/pollination-in-the-chilean-mediterranean-type-ecosystem-a-review-of-current-advances-and-pending-tasks
#13
REVIEW
R Medel, C González-Browne, F E Fontúrbel
We conducted a systematic review of the scientific literature published on plant-pollinator interactions, from both the plant and pollinator perspective, in the Chilean Mediterranean-type ecosystem (MTE hereafter). Our search identified 69 published papers on 235 native plant species from 62 families. Less than 7.9% of the flowering species inhabiting the Chilean Mediterranean have been studied, and most studies were restricted to only one locality and one reproductive season. The geographic location of the studies differed from a random pattern, showing two well-defined areas where most studies were conducted...
October 10, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961668/neurobiological-mediators-of-squalor-dwelling-behavior
#14
David A Kahn
Squalor-dwelling behavior has been characterized as living in conditions so unsanitary that feelings of revulsion are elicited among visitors. This behavior is commonly associated with an insensitivity to distress/disgust and a failure to understand the direness of one's living situation, which leads to social isolation and impairment in quality of life. Etiologically, several associations have been described in the literature, including age-related decline, lower socioeconomic status, and rural dwelling status...
September 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961667/neurobiological-mediators-of-squalor-dwelling-behavior
#15
Manan Gupta, Ram J Bishnoi, Jason E Schillerstrom
Squalor-dwelling behavior has been characterized as living in conditions so unsanitary that feelings of revulsion are elicited among visitors. This behavior is commonly associated with an insensitivity to distress/disgust and a failure to understand the direness of one's living situation, which leads to social isolation and impairment in quality of life. Etiologically, several associations have been described in the literature, including age-related decline, lower socioeconomic status, and rural dwelling status...
September 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953961/parent-perceptions-of-the-quality-of-life-of-pet-dogs-living-with-neuro-typically-developing-and-neuro-atypically-developing-children-an-exploratory-study
#16
Sophie S Hall, Hannah F Wright, Daniel S Mills
There is growing scientific and societal recognition of the role that pet dogs can play in healthy development of children; both those who are neuro-typically developing and those who live with a neuro-developmental disorder, such as autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However, little attention has been paid to how living with children positively and negatively affects quality of life of a pet dog. In this exploratory study we conducted semi-structured interviews with parents of neuro-typically developing children (n = 18) and those with a neuro-developmental disorder (n = 18) who owned a pet dog, until no new factors were identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953102/emergency-department-utilization-by-native-american-children
#17
Heather G Zook, Anupam B Kharbanda, Susan E Puumala, Katherine A Burgess, Wyatt Pickner, Nathaniel R Payne
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine differences in emergency department (ED) use by Native American (NA) children in rural and urban settings and identify factors associated with frequent ED visits. METHODS: This cross-sectional, cohort study examined visits to 6 EDs: 2 rural, 2 midsize urban, and 2 large urban EDs from June 2011 to May 2012. Univariate and multiple regression analyses were conducted. Frequent ED visitors had more than 4 visits in the study period...
September 25, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942569/buzz-in-paris-flower-production-and-plant-pollinator-interactions-in-plants-from-contrasted-urban-and-rural-origins
#18
James Desaegher, Sophie Nadot, Isabelle Dajoz, Bruno Colas
Urbanisation, associated with habitat fragmentation, affects pollinator communities and insect foraging behaviour. These biotic changes are likely to select for modified traits in insect-pollinated plants from urban populations compared to rural populations. To test this hypothesis, we conducted an experiment involving four plant species commonly found in both urban and rural landscapes of the Île-de-France region (France): Cymbalaria muralis, Geranium robertianum, Geum urbanum and Prunella vulgaris. The four species were grown in four urban and four rural experimental sites in 2015...
December 2017: Genetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885136/contacts-of-healthcare-workers-patients-and-visitors-in-general-wards-in-singapore
#19
L Jiang, H L Ng, H J Ho, Y S Leo, K Prem, A R Cook, M I Chen
To characterize contacts in general wards, a prospective survey of healthcare workers (HCWs), patients and visitors was conducted using self-reported diary, direct observation and telephone interviews. Nurses, doctors and assorted HCWs reported a median of 14, 18 and 15 contact persons over one work shift, respectively. Within 1 h, we observed 3·5 episodes with 25·6 min of cumulative contact time for nurses, 2·9 episodes and 22·1 min for doctors and 5·0 episodes with 44·3 min for assorted-HCWs. In interactions with patients, nurses had multiple brief episodes of contact; doctors had fewer episodes and less cumulative contact time; assorted-HCWs had fewer contact episodes of longer durations (than for nurses and doctors)...
October 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855065/predicting-72-hour-emergency-department-revisits
#20
Gene Pellerin, Kelly Gao, Laurence Kaminsky
OBJECTIVES: To develop a predictive model that hospitals or healthcare systems can use to identify patients at high risk of revisiting the ED within 72h so that appropriate interventions can be delivered. METHODS: This study employed multivariate logistic regression in developing the predictive model. The study data were from four Veterans medical centers in Upstate New York; 21,141 patients in total with ED visits were included in the analysis. Fiscal Year (FY) 2013 data were used to predict revisits in FY 2014...
August 25, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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