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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124968/-accurate-diagnosis-of-pseudomonas-luteola-in-routine-microbiology-laboratory-on-the-occasion-of-two-isolates
#1
Muharrem Çiçek, Gülşen Hasçelik, H Kaan Müştak, K Serdar Diker, Burçin Şener
Pseudomonas luteola which was previously known as Chryseomonas luteola; is a gram-negative, non-fermentative, aerobic, motile, non-spore-forming bacillus. It is frequently found as a saprophyte in soil, water and other damp environments and is an opportunistic pathogen in patients with underlying medical disorders or with indwelling catheters. It has been reported as an uncommon cause of bacteremia, sepsis, septic arthritis, meningitis, endocarditis, and peritonitis. Thus, early and accurate identification of this rare species is important for the treatment and also to provide information about the epidemiology of P...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120710/the-role-of-universal-stress-proteins-in-bacterial-infections
#2
Andrew O Connor, Siobhán McClean
Universal stress proteins are ubiquitously expressed in bacteria, archaea and plants and other eukaryotes. A general property of USPs is their role in adaptation of bacteria to oxidative stress, high temperature, low pH and/or hypoxia. There is increasing evidence that these proteins facilitate the adaption of bacterial pathogens to the human host environment, thereby facilitating colonisation and pathogenicity. USPs in Mycobacterium tuberculosis are well studied and may play a role in latency of tuberculosis...
January 24, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072820/p-cymene-promotes-its-catabolism-through-the-p-cymene-and-the-p-cumate-pathways-activates-a-stress-response-and-reduces-the-biofilm-formation-in-burkholderia-xenovorans-lb400
#3
Loreine Agulló, María José Romero-Silva, Mirian Domenech, Michael Seeger
p-Cymene is an aromatic terpene that is present in diverse plant species. The aims of this study were to study the p-cymene metabolism in the model aromatic-degrading bacterium Burkholderia xenovorans LB400, and its response to p-cymene. The catabolic p-cymene (cym) and p-cumate (cmt) genes are clustered on the LB400 major chromosome. B. xenovorans LB400 was able to grow on p-cymene as well as on p-cumate as a sole carbon and energy sources. LB400 growth attained higher cell concentration at stationary phase on p-cumate than on p-cymene...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065676/rhamnolipids-from-non-pathogenic-burkholderia-thailandensis-e264-physicochemical-characterization-antimicrobial-and-antibiofilm-efficacy-against-oral-hygiene-related-pathogens
#4
Mohamed Elshikh, Scott Funston, Alif Chebbi, Syed Ahmed, Roger Marchant, Ibrahim M Banat
Biosurfactants are naturally occurring surface active compounds that have mainly been exploited for environmental applications and consumer products, with their biomedical efficacy an emerging area of research. Rhamnolipids area major group of biosurfactants that have been reported for their antimicrobial and antibiofilm efficacy. One of the main limiting factors for scaled up production and downstream applications of rhamnolipids is the fact that they are predominantly produced from the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
May 25, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046077/an-oxygen-sensing-two-component-system-in-the-burkholderia-cepacia-complex-regulates-biofilm-intracellular-invasion-and-pathogenicity
#5
Matthew M Schaefers, Tiffany L Liao, Nicole M Boisvert, Damien Roux, Deborah Yoder-Himes, Gregory P Priebe
Burkholderia dolosa is a member of the Burkholderia cepacia complex (BCC), which is a group of bacteria that cause chronic lung infection in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and can be associated with outbreaks carrying high morbidity and mortality. While investigating the genomic diversity of B. dolosa strains collected from an outbreak among CF patients, we previously identified fixL as a gene showing signs of strong positive selection. This gene has homology to fixL of the rhizobial FixL/FixJ two-component system...
January 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956524/thermoregulation-of-biofilm-formation-in-burkholderia-pseudomallei-is-disrupted-by-mutation-of-a-putative-diguanylate-cyclase
#6
Brooke A Plumley, Kevin H Martin, Grace I Borlee, Nicole L Marlenee, Mary N Burtnick, Paul J Brett, David P AuCoin, Richard A Bowen, Herbert P Schweizer, Bradley R Borlee
Burkholderia pseudomallei, a tier 1 select agent and the etiological agent of melioidosis, transitions from soil and aquatic environments to infect a variety of vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. During the transition from an environmental saprophyte to a mammalian pathogen, B. pseudomallei encounters and responds to rapidly changing environmental conditions. Environmental sensing systems that control cellular levels of cyclic di-GMP promote pathogen survival in diverse environments. Cyclic di-GMP controls biofilm production, virulence factors, and motility in many bacteria...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936915/promethazine-improves-antibiotic-efficacy-and-disrupts-biofilms-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei
#7
José Júlio Costa Sidrim, David Caldas Vasconcelos, Giovanna Barbosa Riello, Glaucia Morgana de Melo Guedes, Rosana Serpa, Tereza de Jesus Pinheiro Gomes Bandeira, André Jalles Monteiro, Rossana de Aguiar Cordeiro, Débora de Souza Collares Maia Castelo-Branco, Marcos Fábio Gadelha Rocha, Raimunda Sâmia Nogueira Brilhante
Efflux pumps are important defense mechanisms against antimicrobial drugs and maintenance of Burkholderia pseudomallei biofilms. This study evaluated the effect of the efflux pump inhibitor promethazine on the structure and antimicrobial susceptibility of B. pseudomallei biofilms. Susceptibility of planktonic cells and biofilms to promethazine alone and combined with antimicrobials was assessed by the broth microdilution test and biofilm metabolic activity was determined with resazurin. The effect of promethazine on 48 h-grown biofilms was also evaluated through confocal and electronic microscopy...
January 2017: Biofouling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869215/crosstalk-between-sugarcane-and-a-plant-growth-promoting-burkholderia-species
#8
Chanyarat Paungfoo-Lonhienne, Thierry G A Lonhienne, Yun Kit Yeoh, Bogdan C Donose, Richard I Webb, Jeremy Parsons, Webber Liao, Evgeny Sagulenko, Prakash Lakshmanan, Philip Hugenholtz, Susanne Schmidt, Mark A Ragan
Bacterial species in the plant-beneficial-environmental clade of Burkholderia represent a substantial component of rhizosphere microbes in many plant species. To better understand the molecular mechanisms of the interaction, we combined functional studies with high-resolution dual transcriptome analysis of sugarcane and root-associated diazotrophic Burkholderia strain Q208. We show that Burkholderia Q208 forms a biofilm at the root surface and suppresses the virulence factors that typically trigger immune response in plants...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822534/long-term-evolution-of-burkholderia-multivorans-during-a-chronic-cystic-fibrosis-infection-reveals-shifting-forces-of-selection
#9
Inês N Silva, Pedro M Santos, Mário R Santos, James E A Zlosnik, David P Speert, Sean W Buskirk, Eric L Bruger, Christopher M Waters, Vaughn S Cooper, Leonilde M Moreira
Burkholderia multivorans is an opportunistic pathogen capable of causing severe disease in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Patients may be chronically infected for years, during which the bacterial population evolves in response to unknown forces. Here we analyze the genomic and functional evolution of a B. multivorans infection that was sequentially sampled from a CF patient over 20 years. The population diversified into at least four primary, coexisting clades with distinct evolutionary dynamics. The average substitution rate was only 2...
May 2016: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812400/antimicrobial-activity-of-tachyplesin-1-against-burkholderia-pseudomallei-an-in-vitro-and-in-silico-approach
#10
Lyn-Fay Lee, Vanitha Mariappan, Kumutha Malar Vellasamy, Vannajan Sanghiran Lee, Jamuna Vadivelu
Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, is intrinsically resistant to many conventional antibiotics. Therefore, alternative antimicrobial agents such as antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are extensively studied to combat this issue. Our study aims to identify and understand the mode of action of the potential AMP(s) that are effective against B. pseudomallei in both planktonic and biofilm state as well as to predict the possible binding targets on using in vitro and in silico approaches. In the in vitro study, 11 AMPs were tested against 100 B...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757101/genes-required-for-the-anti-fungal-activity-of-a-bacterial-endophyte-isolated-from-a-corn-landrace-grown-continuously-by-subsistence-farmers-since-1000-bc
#11
Hanan R Shehata, Cassandra L Ettinger, Jonathan A Eisen, Manish N Raizada
Endophytes are microbes that inhabit internal plant tissues without causing disease. Some endophytes are known to combat pathogens. The corn (maize) landrace Chapalote has been grown continuously by subsistence farmers in the Americas since 1000 BC, without the use of fungicides, and the crop remains highly valued by farmers, in part for its natural tolerance to pests. We hypothesized that the pathogen tolerance of Chapalote may, in part, be due to assistance from its endophytes. We previously identified a bacterial endophyte from Chapalote seeds, Burkholderia gladioli strain 3A12, for its ability to combat a diversity of crop pathogens, including Sclerotinia homoeocarpa, the most important fungal disease of creeping bentgrass, a relative of maize used here as a model system...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738086/peritoneal-dialysis-related-peritonitis-due-to-melioidosis-a-potentially-devastating-condition
#12
Talerngsak Kanjanabuch, Nuttha Lumlertgul, Lachlan J Pearson, Tanittha Chatsuwan, Krit Pongpirul, Asada Leelahavanichkul, Nisa Thongbor, Gunticha Nuntawong, Laksamon Praderm, Pantiwa Wechagama, Surapong Narenpitak, Apinya Wechpradit, Worauma Punya, Guttiga Halue, Phetpailin Naka, Somboon Jeenapongsa, Somchai Eiam-Ong
♦ Background: Melioidosis, an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is endemic in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. Although a wide range of clinical manifestations from this organism are known, peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) has rarely been reported. ♦ Patients and Methods: Peritoneal dialysis patients from all regions in Thailand were eligible for the study if they had peritonitis and either peritoneal fluid or effluent culture positive for B.pseudomallei Patient data obtained included baseline characteristics, laboratory investigations, treatments, and clinical outcomes...
October 13, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734123/adhesion-to-sand-and-ability-to-mineralise-low-pesticide-concentrations-are-required-for-efficient-bioaugmentation-of-flow-through-sand-filters
#13
Elin Djurhuus Samuelsen, Nora Badawi, Ole Nybroe, Sebastian R Sørensen, Jens Aamand
Pesticide-polluted drinking water may be remediated by inoculating waterworks sand filters with specific degrading bacteria. However, degradation efficiency is often hampered by the poor adhesion behaviour of the introduced bacteria. The phenoxy acid herbicide 4-chloro-2-methyl-phenoxy-acetic acid (MCPA) is a widespread groundwater contaminant. The aim of this study was to investigate whether specific surface characteristics of MCPA-degrading bacteria could be linked to their degrading capabilities in sand filters...
January 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704298/sequential-formation-of-two-branched-intermediates-during-protein-splicing-of-class-three-inteins
#14
Kazuo Tori, Francine Perler
Inteins are the protein equivalent of introns. They are seamlessly removed during post-translational maturation of their host protein (extein). Inteins from extremophiles played a key role in understanding intein-mediated protein splicing. There are currently three classes of inteins defined by catalytic mechanism and sequence signatures. This study demonstrates splicing of three class 3 mini-inteins: Burkholderia vietnamiensis G4 Bvi IcmO intein, Mycobacterium smegmatis MC2 155 Msm DnaB-1 intein and Mycobacterium leprae strain TN Mle DnaB intein...
January 2017: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702426/burkholderia-pseudomallei-resistance-to-antibiotics-in-biofilm-induced-conditions-is-related-to-efflux-pumps
#15
Nopphasul Sirijant, Rasana W Sermswan, Surasakdi Wongratanacheewin
Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, has been found to increase its resistance to antibiotics when growing as a biofilm. The resistance is related to several mechanisms. One of the possible mechanisms is the efflux pump. Using bioinformatics analysis, it was found that BPSL1661, BPSL1664 and BPSL1665 were orthologous genes of the efflux transporter encoding genes for biofilm-related antibiotic resistance, PA1874-PA1877 genes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PAO1. Expression of selected encoding genes for the efflux transporter system during biofilm formation were investigated...
November 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602036/burkholderia-phytofirmans-psjn-confers-grapevine-resistance-against-botrytis-cinerea-via-a-direct-antimicrobial-effect-combined-with-a-better-resource-mobilization
#16
Lidiane Miotto-Vilanova, Cédric Jacquard, Barbara Courteaux, Laurence Wortham, Jean Michel, Christophe Clément, Essaïd A Barka, Lisa Sanchez
Plant innate immunity serves as a surveillance system by providing the first line of powerful weapons to fight against pathogen attacks. Beneficial microorganisms and Microbial-Associated Molecular Patterns might act as signals to trigger this immunity. Burkholderia phytofirmans PsJN, a highly efficient plant beneficial endophytic bacterium, promotes growth in a wide variety of plants including grapevine. Further, the bacterium induces plant resistance against abiotic and biotic stresses. However, no study has deciphered triggered-mechanisms during the tripartite interaction between grapevine, B...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580679/discovery-of-new-diketopiperazines-inhibiting-burkholderia-cenocepacia-quorum-sensing-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#17
Viola C Scoffone, Laurent R Chiarelli, Vadim Makarov, Gilles Brackman, Aygun Israyilova, Alberto Azzalin, Federico Forneris, Olga Riabova, Svetlana Savina, Tom Coenye, Giovanna Riccardi, Silvia Buroni
Burkholderia cenocepacia, an opportunistic respiratory pathogen particularly relevant for cystic fibrosis patients, is difficult to eradicate due to its high level of resistance to most clinically relevant antimicrobials. Consequently, the discovery of new antimicrobials as well as molecules capable of inhibiting its virulence is mandatory. In this regard quorum sensing (QS) represents a good target for anti-virulence therapies, as it has been linked to biofilm formation and is important for the production of several virulence factors, including proteases and siderophores...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541158/igneous-phosphate-rock-solubilization-by-biofilm-forming-mycorrhizobacteria-and-hyphobacteria-associated-with-rhizoglomus-irregulare-daom-197198
#18
Salma Taktek, Marc St-Arnaud, Yves Piché, J André Fortin, Hani Antoun
Biofilm formation on abiotic and biotic surfaces was studied with two hyphobacteria, strongly attached to the surface of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) Rhizoglomus irregulare (Ri) DAOM 197198 and two mycorrhizobacteria, loosely attached to the roots of different mycorrhizal plants. When the sparingly soluble igneous phosphate rock (PR) from Quebec, or when the chemical hydroxyapatite were used as sole phosphorus (P) source, hyphobacteria Rhizobium miluonense Rm3 and Burkholderia anthina Ba8 produced significantly more biofilms than mycorrhizobacteria Rahnella sp...
January 2017: Mycorrhiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529172/burkholderia-pseudomallei-biofilm-promotes-adhesion-internalization-and-stimulates-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-human-epithelial-a549-cells
#19
Chanikarn Kunyanee, Watcharaporn Kamjumphol, Suwimol Taweechaisupapong, Sakawrat Kanthawong, Suwin Wongwajana, Surasak Wongratanacheewin, Chariya Hahnvajanawong, Sorujsiri Chareonsudjai
Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes melioidosis. Inhalational exposure leading to pulmonary melioidosis is the most common clinical manifestation with significant mortality. However, the role of B. pseudomallei biofilm phenotype during bacterial-host interaction remains unclear. We hypothesize that biofilm phenotype may play a role in such interactions. In this study, B. pseudomallei H777 (biofilm wild type), B. pseudomallei M10 (biofilm mutant) and B. pseudomallei C17 (biofilm-complemented) strains were used to assess the contribution of biofilm to adhesion to human lung epithelial cells (A549), intracellular interactions, apoptosis/necrosis and impact on proinflammatory responses...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505068/a-comparison-of-the-response-of-two-burkholderia-fungorum-strains-grown-as-planktonic-cells-versus-biofilm-to-dibenzothiophene-and-select-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nazanin Seyed Khoei, Marco Andreolli, Silvia Lampis, Giovanni Vallini, Raymond J Turner
In natural environments, bacteria often exist in close association with surfaces and interfaces by establishing biofilms. Here, we report on the ability of Burkholderia fungorum strains DBT1 and 95 to survive in high concentrations of hydrocarbons, and we compare their growth as a biofilm vs. planktonic cells. The 2 compounds tested were dibenzothiophene (DBT) and a mixture of naphthalene, phenanthrene, and pyrene (5:2:1) as representative compounds of thiophenes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), respectively...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
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