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biofilm and burkholderia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771915/inactivation-of-bpsl1039-1040-atp-binding-cassette-transporter-reduces-intracellular-survival-in-macrophages-biofilm-formation-and-virulence-in-the-murine-model-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei-infection
#1
Peechanika Pinweha, Pornpan Pumirat, Jon Cuccui, Niramol Jitprasutwit, Veerachat Muangsombut, Varintip Srinon, Usa Boonyuen, Parameth Thiennimitr, Paiboon Vattanaviboon, Felipe Cia, Sam Willcocks, Gregory J Bancroft, Brendan W Wren, Sunee Korbsrisate
Burkholderia pseudomallei, a gram-negative intracellular bacillus, is the causative agent of a tropical infectious disease called melioidosis. Bacterial ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters import and export a variety of molecules across bacterial cell membranes. At present, their significance in B. pseudomallei pathogenesis is poorly understood. We report here characterization of the BPSL1039-1040 ABC transporter. B. pseudomallei cultured in M9 medium supplemented with nitrate, demonstrated that BPSL1039-1040 is involved in nitrate transport for B...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685214/microbiomes-associated-with-bovine-periodontitis-and-oral-health
#2
Ana C Borsanelli, David F Lappin, Lorenzo Viora, David Bennett, Iveraldo S Dutra, Bernd W Brandt, Marcello P Riggio
Periodontitis is an infectious polymicrobial, immuno-inflammatory disease of multifactorial aetiology that has an impact on the health, production and welfare of ruminants. The objective of the present study was to determine the microbial profiles present in the gingival sulcus of cattle considered periodontally healthy and in the periodontal pocket of animals with periodontitis lesions using high-throughput bacterial 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Subgingival biofilm samples were collected from 40 cattle with periodontitis and 38 periodontally healthy animals...
May 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669203/two-types-of-threonine-tagged-lipopeptides-synergize-in-host-colonization-by-pathogenic-burkholderia-species
#3
Tawatchai Thongkongkaew, Wei Ding, Evgeni Bratovanov, Emilia Oueis, Maria Garcia-Altares, Nestor Zaburannyi, Kirsten Harmrolfs, Youming Zhang, Kirstin Scherlach, Rolf Müller, Christian Hertweck
Bacterial infections of agriculturally important plants and mushrooms pose a major threat to human food sources worldwide. However, structures of chemical mediators required by the pathogen for host colonization and infection remain elusive in most cases. Here, we report two types of threonine-tagged lipopeptides conserved among mushroom and rice pathogenic Burkholderia species that facilitate bacterial infection of hosts. Genome mining, metabolic profiling of infected mushrooms and heterologous expression of orphan gene clusters allowed the discovery of these unprecedented metabolites in the mushroom pathogen Burkholderia gladioli (haereogladin, burriogladin), and the plant pathogen Burkholderia glumae (haereoglumin, and burrioglumin)...
April 18, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661867/triclosan-is-an-aminoglycoside-adjuvant-for-the-eradication-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-biofilms
#4
Michael M Maiden, Alessandra M Agostinho Hunt, Mitchell P Zachos, Jacob A Gibson, Martin E Hurwitz, Martha H Mulks, Christopher M Waters
One of the most important clinical obstacles in cystic fibrosis (CF) is antibiotic treatment failure due to biofilms produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa The ability of this pathogen to survive eradication by tobramycin and pathoadapt into a hyper-biofilm state leading to chronic infections is key to its success. Retrospective studies have demonstrated that preventing this pathoadaptation by improving eradication is essential to extend the lives of CF patients. To identify adjuvants that enhance tobramycin eradication of P...
April 16, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579106/impact-of-nutritional-stress-on-drug-susceptibility-and-biofilm-structures-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei-and-burkholderia-thailandensis-grown-in-static-and-microfluidic-systems
#5
Chitchanok Anutrakunchai, Jan G M Bolscher, Bastiaan P Krom, Sakawrat Kanthawong, Sorujsiri Chareonsudjai, Suwimol Taweechaisupapong
Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis and regarded as a bioterrorism threat. It can adapt to the nutrient-limited environment as the bacteria can survive in triple distilled water for 16 years. Moreover, B. pseudomallei exhibits intrinsic resistance to diverse groups of antibiotics in particular while growing in biofilms. Recently, nutrient-limited condition influenced both biofilm formation and ceftazidime (CAZ) tolerance of B. pseudomallei were found. However, there is no information about how nutrient-limitation together with antibiotics used in melioidosis treatment affects the structure of the biofilm produced by B...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541628/a-c-di-gmp-modulating-protein-regulates-swimming-motility-of-burkholderia-cenocepacia-in-response-to-arginine-and-glutamate
#6
Brijesh Kumar, John L Sorensen, Silvia T Cardona
Burkholderia cenocepacia is an opportunistic bacterium that can thrive in different environments, including the amino acid-rich mucus of the cystic fibrosis (CF) lung. B. cenocepacia responds to the nutritional conditions that mimic the CF sputum by increasing flagellin expression and swimming motility. Individual amino acids also induce swimming but not flagellin expression. Here, we show that modulation of the second messenger cyclic dimeric guanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) levels by the PAS-containing c-di-GMP phosphodiesterase, BCAL1069 (CdpA), regulates the swimming motility of B...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363827/a-novel-two-component-system-modulates-quorum-sensing-and-pathogenicity-in-burkholderia-cenocepacia
#7
Chaoyu Cui, Chunxi Yang, Shihao Song, Shuna Fu, Xiuyun Sun, Liang Yang, Fei He, Lian-Hui Zhang, Yongliang Zhang, Yinyue Deng
Quorum sensing (QS) is widely utilized by bacterial pathogens to regulate biological functions and pathogenicity. Recent evidence has shown that QS is subject to regulatory cascades, especially two-component systems that often respond to environmental stimulation. At least two different types of QS systems regulate pathogenesis in Burkholderia cenocepacia. However, it remains unclear how this bacterial pathogen controls these QS systems. Here, we demonstrate a novel two-component system RqpSR (Regulating Quorum sensing and Pathogenicity), which plays an important role in modulating QS and pathogenesis in B...
April 2018: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359187/the-small-rna-ncs35-regulates-growth-in-burkholderia-cenocepacia-j2315
#8
Sanne Kiekens, Andrea Sass, Filip Van Nieuwerburgh, Dieter Deforce, Tom Coenye
Burkholderia cenocepacia J2315 is a member of the B. cepacia complex. It has a large genome with three replicons and one plasmid; 7,261 genes code for annotated proteins, while 113 code for functional RNAs. Small regulatory RNAs of B. cenocepacia have not yet been functionally characterized. We investigated a small regulatory RNA, designated ncS35, that was discovered by differential RNA sequencing. Its expression under various conditions was quantified, and a deletion mutant, ΔncS35, was constructed. Compared to planktonic growth in a rich medium, the expression of ncS35 was elevated when B...
January 2018: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346379/a-putative-lateral-flagella-of-the-cystic-fibrosis-pathogen-burkholderia-dolosa-regulates-swimming-motility-and-host-cytokine-production
#9
Damien Roux, Matthew Schaefers, Bradley S Clark, Molly Weatherholt, Diane Renaud, David Scott, John J LiPuma, Gregory Priebe, Craig Gerard, Deborah R Yoder-Himes
Burkholderia dolosa caused an outbreak in the cystic fibrosis clinic at Boston Children's Hospital and was associated with high mortality in these patients. This species is part of a larger complex of opportunistic pathogens known as the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc). Compared to other species in the Bcc, B. dolosa is highly transmissible; thus understanding its virulence mechanisms is important for preventing future outbreaks. The genome of one of the outbreak strains, AU0158, revealed a homolog of the lafA gene encoding a putative lateral flagellin, which, in other non-Bcc species, is used for movement on solid surfaces, attachment to host cells, or movement inside host cells...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322563/microfluidics-based-lc-ms-mrm-approach-for-the-relative-quantification-of-burkholderia-cenocepacia-secreted-virulence-factors
#10
Sofie Depluverez, Simon Daled, Stijn De Waele, Sören Planckaert, Jolien Schoovaerts, Dieter Deforce, Bart Devreese
Burkholderia cenocepacia is an opportunistic pathogen that is commonly isolated from patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Several virulence factors have been identified, including extracellular enzymes that are secreted by type II and type VI secretion systems. The activity of these secretion systems is modulated by quorum sensing. Apart from the classical acylhomoserine lactone quorum sensing, B. cenocepacia also uses the diffusible signal factor system (DSF) i.e. 2-undecenoic acid derivatives that are recognized by specific receptors resulting in changes in biofilm formation, motility and virulence...
January 11, 2018: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311081/antimicrobial-activity-of-ibuprofen-against-cystic-fibrosis-associated-gram-negative-pathogens
#11
Parth N Shah, Kimberly R Marshall-Batty, Justin A Smolen, Jasur A Tagaev, Qingquan Chen, Christopher A Rodesney, Henry H Le, Vernita D Gordon, David E Greenberg, Carolyn L Cannon
Clinical trials have demonstrated the benefits of ibuprofen therapy in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, an effect that is currently attributed to ibuprofen's anti-inflammatory properties. Yet, a few previous reports demonstrated an antimicrobial activity of ibuprofen as well, although none investigated its direct effects on the pathogens found in the CF lung, which is the focus of this work. Determination of ibuprofen's in vitro antimicrobial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Burkholderia species strains through measurements of the endpoint number of CFU and growth kinetics showed that ibuprofen reduced the growth rate and bacterial burden of the tested strains in a dose-dependent fashion...
March 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158389/-burkholderia-cenocepacia-integrates-cis-2-dodecenoic-acid-and-cyclic-dimeric-guanosine-monophosphate-signals-to-control-virulence
#12
Chunxi Yang, Chaoyu Cui, Qiumian Ye, Jinhong Kan, Shuna Fu, Shihao Song, Yutong Huang, Fei He, Lian-Hui Zhang, Yantao Jia, Yong-Gui Gao, Caroline S Harwood, Yinyue Deng
Quorum sensing (QS) signals are used by bacteria to regulate biological functions in response to cell population densities. Cyclic diguanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) regulates cell functions in response to diverse environmental chemical and physical signals that bacteria perceive. In Burkholderia cenocepacia , the QS signal receptor RpfR degrades intracellular c-di-GMP when it senses the QS signal cis -2-dodecenoic acid, also called Burkholderia diffusible signal factor (BDSF), as a proxy for high cell density...
December 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146260/a-novel-burkholderia-ambifaria-strain-able-to-degrade-the-mycotoxin-fusaric-acid-and-to-inhibit-fusarium-spp-growth
#13
Ester Simonetti, Irma N Roberts, Marcela S Montecchia, Flavio H Gutierrez-Boem, Federico M Gomez, Jimena A Ruiz
Fusaric acid (FA) is a fungal metabolite produced by several Fusarium species responsible for wilts and root rot diseases of a great variety of plants. Bacillus spp. and Pseudomonas spp. have been considered as promising biocontrol agents against phytopathogenic Fusarium spp., however it has been demonstrated that FA negatively affects growth and production of some antibiotics in these bacteria. Thus, the capability to degrade FA would be a desirable characteristic in bacterial biocontrol agents of Fusarium wilt...
January 2018: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145795/use-of-immunohistochemistry-to-demonstrate-in-vivo-expression-of-the-burkholderia-mallei-virulence-factor-bpab-during-experimental-glanders
#14
Shawn M Zimmerman, Mackenzie E Long, Jeremy S Dyke, Tomislav P Jelesijevic, Frank Michel, Eric R Lafontaine, Robert J Hogan
Burkholderia mallei causes the highly contagious and debilitating zoonosis glanders, which infects via inhalation or percutaneous inoculation and often culminates in life-threatening pneumonia and sepsis. In humans, glanders is difficult to diagnose and requires prolonged antibiotic therapy with low success rates. No vaccine exists to protect against B. mallei, and there is concern regarding its use as a bioweapon. The authors previously identified the protein BpaB as a potential target for devising therapies due to its role in adherence to host cells and the formation of biofilms in vitro and its contribution to pathogenicity in a mouse model of glanders...
March 2018: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142288/identification-of-small-rnas-abundant-in-burkholderia-cenocepacia-biofilms-reveal-putative-regulators-with-a-potential-role-in-carbon-and-iron-metabolism
#15
Andrea Sass, Sanne Kiekens, Tom Coenye
Small RNAs play a regulatory role in many central metabolic processes of bacteria, as well as in developmental processes such as biofilm formation. Small RNAs of Burkholderia cenocepacia, an opportunistic pathogenic beta-proteobacterium, are to date not well characterised. To address that, we performed genome-wide transcriptome structure analysis of biofilm grown B. cenocepacia J2315. 41 unannotated short transcripts were identified in intergenic regions of the B. cenocepacia genome. 15 of these short transcripts, highly abundant in biofilms, widely conserved in Burkholderia sp...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056926/highly-diversified-pandoraea-pulmonicola-population-during-chronic-colonization-in-cystic-fibrosis
#16
Chloé Dupont, Fabien Aujoulat, Raphaël Chiron, Pauline Condom, Estelle Jumas-Bilak, Hélène Marchandin
Several environmental bacteria are considered as opportunistic pathogens in cystic fibrosis (CF) and are able to persistently colonize the CF respiratory tract (CFRT). Beside Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Burkholderia cepacia complex, Pandoraea spp. are defined as pathogenic. During chronic colonization, adaptive evolution and diversified population have been demonstrated, notably for P. aeruginosa . However, the persistence of Pandoraea in the CFRT remains largely unexplored. We studied genomic and phenotypic traits of Pandoraea pulmonicola isolates successively recovered from the airways of a single CF patient and relate the results to qualitative and quantitative evolution of other cultivable pathogens and to patient clinical status...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022243/pyrosequencing-analysis-of-source-water-switch-and-sulfate-induced-bacterial-community-transformation-in-simulated-drinking-water-distribution-pipes
#17
Fan Yang, Baoyou Shi, Weiyu Zhang, Jing Cui, Jianbo Guo, Dongsheng Wang, Nan Wu, Xinyuan Liu
Inter-basin water transfer and source water switching will be increasingly launched due to significant population increase and the shortage of the local water resources in cities around the world. Source water switch may cause physiochemical and microbiological de-stabilization of pipe material, biofilms, and loose deposits in drinking water distribution system (DWDS). Great sulfate alteration during source water switch had been deemed as the main cause of a red water case that occurred in a northern China city...
December 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965656/effects-of-binge-alcohol-exposure-on-burkholderia-thailandensis-alveolar-macrophage-interaction
#18
Victor Jimenez, Ryan Moreno, Emily Kaufman, Heidie Hornstra, Erik Settles, Bart J Currie, Paul Keim, Fernando P Monroy
Alcohol consumption has diverse and well-documented effects on the human immune system and its ability to defend against infective agents. One example is melioidosis, a disease caused by infection with Burkholderia pseudomallei, which is of public health importance in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia, with an expanding global distribution. While B. pseudomallei infections can occur in healthy humans, binge alcohol use is progressively being recognized as a major risk factor. Although binge alcohol consumption has been considered as a risk factor for the development of melioidosis, no experimental studies have investigated the outcomes of alcohol exposure on Burkholderia spp...
November 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956352/mutation-of-the-cyclic-di-gmp-phosphodiesterase-gene-in-burkholderia-lata-sk875-attenuates-virulence-and-enhances-biofilm-formation
#19
Hae-In Jung, Yun-Jung Kim, Yun-Jung Lee, Hee-Soo Lee, Jung-Kee Lee, Soo-Ki Kim
Burkholderia sp. is a gram-negative bacterium that commonly exists in the environment, and can cause diseases in plants, animals, and humans. Here, a transposon mutant library of a Burkholderia lata isolate from a pig with swine respiratory disease in Korea was screened for strains showing attenuated virulence in Caenorhabditis elegans. One such mutant was obtained, and the Tn5 insertion junction was mapped to rpfR, a gene encoding a cyclic di-GMP phosphodiesterase that functions as a receptor. Mutation of rpfR caused a reduction in growth on CPG agar and swimming motility as well as a rough colony morphology on Congo red agar...
October 2017: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859314/the-role-of-multispecies-social-interactions-in-shaping-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pathogenicity-in-the-cystic-fibrosis-lung
#20
REVIEW
Siobhán O'Brien, Joanne L Fothergill
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major pathogen in the lungs of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. However, it is now recognised that a diverse microbial community exists in the airways comprising aerobic and anaerobic bacteria as well as fungi and viruses. This rich soup of microorganisms provides ample opportunity for interspecies interactions, particularly when considering secreted compounds. Here, we discuss how P. aeruginosa-secreted products can have community-wide effects, with the potential to ultimately shape microbial community dynamics within the lung...
August 15, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
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