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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029013/application-of-the-2013-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-cholesterol-guideline-to-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-from-1998-to-2012
#1
Young Shin Song, Tae Jung Oh, Kyoung Min Kim, Jae Hoon Moon, Sung Hee Choi, Hak Chul Jang, Kyong Soo Park, Soo Lim
BACKGROUND: The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline for the treatment of blood cholesterol recommends statin therapy for individuals at high risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). The aim of this study was to investigate serial trends in the percentages of Korean adults considered eligible for statin therapy according to the new ACC/AHA cholesterol guideline. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) I (1998, n=7,698), II (2001, n=5,654), III (2005, n=5,269), IV (2007 to 2009, n=15,727), and V (2010 to 2012, n=16,304), which used a stratified, multistage, probability sampling design, were used as representative of the entire Korean population...
December 16, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011803/the-italian-subcutaneous-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-survey-s-icd-why-not
#2
Giovanni Luca Botto, Giovanni B Forleo, Alessandro Capucci, Francesco Solimene, Antonello Vado, Giovanni Bertero, Pietro Palmisano, Ennio Pisanò, Antonio Rapacciuolo, Tommaso Infusino, Alessandro Vicentini, Miguel Viscusi, Paola Ferrari, Antonello Talarico, Giovanni Russo, Giuseppe Boriani, Luigi Padeletti, Mariolina Lovecchio, Sergio Valsecchi, Antonio D'Onofrio
AIMS: A recommendation for a subcutaneous-implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) has been added to recent European Society of Cardiology Guidelines. However, the S-ICD is not ideally suitable for patients who need pacing. The aim of this survey was to analyse the current practice of ICD implantation and to evaluate the actual suitability of S-ICD. METHODS AND RESULTS: The survey 'S-ICD Why Not?' was an independent initiative taken by the Italian Heart Rhythm Society (AIAC)...
December 23, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996317/cardiac-arrest-with-clozapine-and-olanzapine-revealing-long-qt-syndrome
#3
Edward Woloszyn, Nishant Whig, Eileen Trigoboff, Jeffery J Grace
The authors describe a rare case of "concealed" congenital Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) Type 3 in a patient with treatment resistant schizophrenia and no known personal or family history of cardiac disease. The patient in this Case Report had a hidden genetic condition revealed only following the essential administration of antipsychotics. As a result, this patient experienced an aborted cardiac arrest and a total of five episodes of ventricular tachycardia (VT) requiring cardioversion. Successful control of the VT occurred with an Automatic Internal Defibrillator (AID), judicious use of antipsychotic medications, and anti-arrhythmic medications...
December 20, 2016: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989374/functional-quality-of-life-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-after-congenital-cardiac-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Megan L Ringle, Gil Wernovsky
Throughout the past few decades, advances in cardiology, neonatal intensive care, and surgical techniques have resulted in a growing cohort of thriving school-aged children with previously lethal complex congenital heart diseases. While survival has increased, there remains significant morbidity following repair including neurodevelopmental sequelae. Compared to children with a structurally normal heart, these infants and children have a higher frequency of abnormalities in tone, feeding, and delayed developmental milestones, as well as challenges with speech and learning disabilities, while a higher proportion of adolescents suffer from problems with processing speed, executive function, and a unique set of medical hardships related to exercise intolerance and obesity, medication burden, and mental health comorbidities...
December 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977393/impact-of-hypertension-on-cognitive-function-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#5
Costantino Iadecola, Kristine Yaffe, José Biller, Lisa C Bratzke, Frank M Faraci, Philip B Gorelick, Martha Gulati, Hooman Kamel, David S Knopman, Lenore J Launer, Jane S Saczynski, Sudha Seshadri, Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri
BACKGROUND: Age-related dementia, most commonly caused by Alzheimer disease or cerebrovascular factors (vascular dementia), is a major public health threat. Chronic arterial hypertension is a well-established risk factor for both types of dementia, but the link between hypertension and its treatment and cognition remains poorly understood. In this scientific statement, a multidisciplinary team of experts examines the impact of hypertension on cognition to assess the state of the knowledge, to identify gaps, and to provide future directions...
December 2016: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910804/sudden-cardiac-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study-among-the-young
#6
Bjarke Risgaard
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a tragic event affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Although several studies have investigated the epidemiology of SCD, these studies may have been affected by reporting and referral biases, which are reflected in the very different incidence rates and causes of deaths that have previously been reported. Among SCD victims aged < 36 years, inherited cardiac diseases are well known to play an important role. However, the extent to which inherited cardiac diseases also play a role in SCD victims aged < 50 years has not been completely described...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895877/unexplained-cardiac-arrest-after-near-drowning-in-a-young-experienced-swimmer-insight-from-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
Cesare Mantini, Giancarlo Messalli, Leonardo Paloscia, Domenico Mastrodicasa, Marco Francone, Marco Mascellanti, Alberto D'Alleva, Antonio Raffaele Cotroneo
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) is a well-established noninvasive imaging modality in clinical cardiology. Its ability to provide tissue characterization make it well suited for the study of patients with cardiac diseases. We describe a multi-modality imaging evaluation of a 45-year-old man who experienced a near drowning event during swimming. We underline the unique capability of tissue characterization provided by cMRI, which allowed detection of subtle, clinically unrecognizable myocardial damage for understanding the causes of sudden cardiac arrest and also showed the small damages caused by cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881700/veno-venous-ecmo-as-a-safe-bridge-to-recovery-in-a-patient-with-severe-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-learning-from-errors
#8
Christopher Ull, Thomas Armin Schildhauer, Justus T Strauch, Andreas Mügge, Justyna Swol
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare disorder of unknown etiology and pathogenesis. The most important tool for diagnostic confirmation is transthoracic echocardiography. The recommended management of PPCM in pregnancy is summarized by the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Guidelines. Few data exist on the treatment of patients with fulminant PPCM and the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in this context. We report on a young multiparous woman with cardiogenic shock caused by severe PPCM who was successfully, but atypically, supported with veno-venous ECMO as a bridge to recovery immediately after the birth of her third child...
November 23, 2016: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860475/-new-diagnostic-imaging-technique-shear-wave-elastography
#9
M Zemanová
Shear wave elastography (SWE) is a new non-invasive diagnostic imaging technique, that maps the elastic properties of tissues. Nowadays this modality develops increasingly in medicine across its disciplines and opens a new era of high-quality ultrasound examination because it increases the specificity and thus improves diagnostic assurance. This method is similar to manual palpation, shows elastic properties of biological tissues and provides a kind of reconstruction of the internal structure of soft tissues based on measurement of the response of tissue compression...
2016: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832612/current-diagnostic-and-treatment-strategies-for-specific-dilated-cardiomyopathies-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#10
Biykem Bozkurt, Monica Colvin, Jennifer Cook, Leslie T Cooper, Anita Deswal, Gregg C Fonarow, Gary S Francis, Daniel Lenihan, Eldrin F Lewis, Dennis M McNamara, Elfriede Pahl, Ramachandran S Vasan, Kumudha Ramasubbu, Kismet Rasmusson, Jeffrey A Towbin, Clyde Yancy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824924/statin-intensity-and-clinical-outcome-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-and-very-low-ldl-cholesterol
#11
Soo Youn Lee, Seung-Jin Oh, Eung Ju Kim, Chi-Yoon Oum, Sung Hwan Park, Jaewon Oh, Jung-Sun Kim, Byeong-Keuk Kim, Sungha Park, Hyuk-Jae Chang, Geu-Ru Hong, Young-Guk Ko, Seok-Min Kang, Donghoon Choi, Jong-Won Ha, Myeong-Ki Hong, Yangsoo Jang, Namsik Chung, Sang-Hak Lee
BACKGROUND: Although intensive statin therapy is recommended for high risk patients, evidence of its benefit in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and very low low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) has been very rare. In this study, we investigated whether higher statin intensity reduces cardiovascular risks in this population. METHODS: In this retrospective study, a total of 5234 patients with stable CAD were screened at three tertiary hospitals in Korea; 449 patients (mean age: 65 years, male: 69%) with LDL-C <80 mg/dL were finally analyzed...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744180/a-graph-based-approach-for-spatio-temporal-segmentation-of-coronary-arteries-in-x-ray-angiographic-sequences
#12
Faten M'hiri, Luc Duong, Christian Desrosiers, Mohamed Leye, Joaquim Miró, Mohamed Cheriet
The segmentation and tracking of coronary arteries (CAs) are critical steps for the computation of biophysical measurements in pediatric interventional cardiology. In the literature, most methods are focused on either segmenting the vessel lumen or on tracking the vessel centerline. However, they do not simultaneously combine the segmentation and tracking of a specific CA. This paper introduces a novel algorithm for CA segmentation and tracking from 2D X-ray angiography sequences. The proposed algorithm is based on the Temporal Vessel Walker (TVW) segmentation method, which combines graph-based formulation and temporal priors...
October 4, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721856/differences-between-korea-and-japan-in-physician-decision-making-regarding-permanent-pacemaker-implantation
#13
Sung-Won Jang, Robert W Rho, Tae-Seok Kim, Sung-Hwan Kim, Woo-Seung Shin, Ji-Hoon Kim, Yong-Seog Oh, Man Young Lee, Eiwa Zen, Tai-Ho Rho
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The number of permanent pacemakers (PPMs) implanted in patients in Japan and Korea differs significantly. We aimed to investigate the differences in decision making processes of implanting a PPM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our survey included 15 clinical case scenarios based on the 2008 AHA/ACC/HRS guidelines for device-based therapy of cardiac rhythm abnormalities (class unspecified). Members of the Korean and Japanese Societies of Cardiology were asked to rate each scenario according to a 5-point scale and to indicate their decisions for or against implantation...
September 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678427/prevalence-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-statin-eligibility-groups-statin-use-and-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-control-in-us-adults-using-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2012
#14
Nathan D Wong, Daphnee Young, Yanglu Zhao, Huy Nguyen, Jared Caballes, Irfan Khan, Robert J Sanchez
BACKGROUND: The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Cholesterol Management Guideline identifies 4 statin-eligible groups: (1) known atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) aged ≥21 years, (2) low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥ 190 mg/dL (4.9 mmol/L) aged ≥21 years, (3) diabetes mellitus aged 40 to 75 years with LDL-C 70 to 189 mg/dL (1.8-4.9 mmol/L), or (4) ≥7.5% 10-year ASCVD risk aged 40 to 75 years with LDL-C 70 to 189 mg/dL (1...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664213/should-we-individualize-lipid-profiling-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#15
Inger Sundström Poromaa, Jan Roar Mellembakken, Laure Morin Papunen, Terhi Piltonen, Johanna Puurunen, Juha S Tapanainen, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg, Eszter Vanky, Pernille Ravn, Dorte Glintborg, Marianne Andersen
STUDY QUESTION: Is it necessary to monitor lipid profiles in all young women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Lipid profiling is required when women with PCOS develop type 2 diabetes (T2D) or hypertension, but rarely changes clinical care before the age of 35 years. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PCOS consensus statements and guidelines recommend that women with PCOS should be screened for dyslipidaemia every second year or annually...
September 22, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660369/amssm-position-statement-on-cardiovascular-preparticipation-screening-in-athletes-current-evidence-knowledge-gaps-recommendations-and-future-directions
#16
Jonathan A Drezner, Francis G O'Connor, Kimberly G Harmon, Karl B Fields, Chad A Asplund, Irfan M Asif, David E Price, Robert J Dimeff, David T Bernhardt, William O Roberts
Cardiovascular screening in young athletes is widely recommended and routinely performed prior to participation in competitive sports. While there is general agreement that early detection of cardiac conditions at risk for sudden cardiac arrest and death (SCA/D) is an important objective, the optimal strategy for cardiovascular screening in athletes remains an issue of considerable debate. At the centre of the controversy is the addition of a resting ECG to the standard preparticipation evaluation using history and physical examination...
September 22, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647451/sleep-duration-and-quality-impact-on-lifestyle-behaviors-and-cardiometabolic-health-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#17
Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Michael A Grandner, Devin Brown, Molly B Conroy, Girardin Jean-Louis, Michael Coons, Deepak L Bhatt
Sleep is increasingly recognized as an important lifestyle contributor to health. However, this has not always been the case, and an increasing number of Americans choose to curtail sleep in favor of other social, leisure, or work-related activities. This has resulted in a decline in average sleep duration over time. Sleep duration, mostly short sleep, and sleep disorders have emerged as being related to adverse cardiometabolic risk, including obesity, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease...
November 1, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618246/amssm-position-statement-on-cardiovascular-preparticipation-screening-in-athletes-current-evidence-knowledge-gaps-recommendations-and-future-directions
#18
Jonathan A Drezner, Francis G O'Connor, Kimberly G Harmon, Karl B Fields, Chad A Asplund, Irfan M Asif, David E Price, Robert J Dimeff, David T Bernhardt, William O Roberts
Cardiovascular screening in young athletes is widely recommended and routinely performed prior to participation in competitive sports. While there is general agreement that early detection of cardiac conditions at risk for sudden cardiac arrest and death (SCA/D) is an important objective, the optimal strategy for cardiovascular screening in athletes remains an issue of considerable debate. At the center of the controversy is the addition of a resting electrocardiogram (ECG) to the standard preparticipation evaluation using history and physical examination...
September 2016: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617263/the-role-of-genetic-testing-in-the-identification-of-young-athletes-with-inherited-primitive-cardiac-disorders-at-risk-of-exercise-sudden-death
#19
REVIEW
Francesco Danilo Tiziano, Vincenzo Palmieri, Maurizio Genuardi, Paolo Zeppilli
Although relatively rare, inherited primitive cardiac disorders (IPCDs) in athletes have a deep social impact since they often present as sudden cardiac death (SCD) of young and otherwise healthy persons. The diagnosis of these conditions is likely underestimated due to the lack of shared clinical criteria and to the existence of several borderline clinical pictures. We will focus on the clinical and molecular diagnosis of the most common IPCDs, namely hypertrophic cardiomyopathies, long QT syndrome, arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, and left ventricular non-compaction...
2016: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598018/amssm-position-statement-on-cardiovascular-preparticipation-screening-in-athletes-current-evidence-knowledge-gaps-recommendations-and-future-directions
#20
Jonathan A Drezner, Francis G OʼConnor, Kimberly G Harmon, Karl B Fields, Chad A Asplund, Irfan M Asif, David E Price, Robert J Dimeff, David T Bernhardt, William O Roberts
Cardiovascular (CV) screening in young athletes is widely recommended and routinely performed before participation in competitive sports. While there is general agreement that early detection of cardiac conditions at risk for sudden cardiac arrest and death (SCA/D) is an important objective, the optimal strategy for CV screening in athletes remains an issue of considerable debate. At the center of the controversy is the addition of a resting electrocardiogram (ECG) to the standard preparticipation evaluation using history and physical examination...
September 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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