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CPR, AED, and any emergency cases

Andreas Bohn, Stephan Seewald, Jan Wnent
Witnesses of a sudden cardiac arrest play a key-role in resuscitation. Lay-persons should therefore be trained to recognize that a collapsed person who is not breathing at all or breathing normally might suffer from cardiac arrest. Information of professional emergency medical staff by lay-persons and their initiation of cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-measures are of great importance for cardiac-arrest victims. Ambulance-dispatchers have to support lay-rescuers via telephone. This support includes the localisation of the nearest Automatic External Defibrillator (AED)...
March 2016: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Frédéric Maes, Sébastien Marchandise, Laurianne Boileau, Jean-Benoît Le Polain de Waroux, Christophe Scavée
AIM: To determine the effect of a new automated external defibrillator (AED) system connected by General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) to an external call centre in assisting novices in a sudden cardiac arrest situation. METHOD: Prospective, interventional study. Layperson volunteers were first asked to complete a survey about their knowledge and ability to give cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and use an AED. A simulated cardiac arrest scenario using a CPR manikin was then presented to volunteers...
June 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Pascal Cassan
A procedure for telephone CPR must be started since the call centres do the diagnosis of cardiac arrest. All the rescuers, trained or not, have to realize quality chest compressions (depths 5 in 6cm, rhythm from 100 to 120 per minute) to the victims of cardiac arrest. Chest compressions must be interrupted only briefly in case of indispensable specific interventions. The trained rescuers have to realize insufflations during the CPR, with a ratio compression-ventilation of 30/2. The development of AE programs is encouraged...
June 2011: La Presse Médicale
Christoph Hanefeld
BACKGROUND: Immediate defibrillation is the decisive determinant of prognosis in patients suffering from cardiac/circulatory arrest caused by ventricular fibrillation (VF). Therefore, various national and international associations recommend that first responders use defibrillators as soon as possible and also recommend public access to early defibrillation programmes. Here we report the results of the first city-wide early defibrillation project in a large German urban area. METHODS: There were 155 automated external defibrillators (AEDs) put into operation in the Bochum municipal area, and 6,294 people took part in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and AED training...
2010: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
J A Drezner
Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is the leading cause of death in exercising young athletes. Three factors-prompt recognition of SCA, the presence of a trained rescuer to initiate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and access to early defibrillation through on-site automated external defibrillators (AEDs)-are critical to improving survival. Schools, clubs and organisations sponsoring athletic events should have an established emergency response plan for SCA. Essential elements of an emergency response plan include an effective communication system to alert first responders and retrieve the AED, training of anticipated responders in CPR and AED use, access to an AED for early defibrillation, integration of on-site AED programmes with the local emergency medical services system, and practice and review of the response plan...
September 2009: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Shamyla Younas, Alison Raynes, Sally Morton, Kevin Mackway-Jones
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of an automated external defibrillation (AED) training programme on the knowledge, attitudes and application of BLS and AED use in young people of secondary school age in Manchester, United Kingdom. METHOD: Students from two schools who had piloted Opportunities for Resuscitation and Citizen Safety (ORCS) in the academic year 2004/2005 volunteered to partake in the study. This 'ORCS intervention' group was compared against a control group, which consisted of students who had no formal training in resuscitation nor, to our knowledge, any other form of life support training during their time at secondary school...
November 2006: Resuscitation
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