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Blood lipid burden

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884776/lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficiency-a-rare-pathology-the-first-pediatric-patient-reported-in-colombia
#1
Verónica Botero, Victor H Garcia, Catalina Gomez-Duarte, Ana M Aristizabal, Ana M Arrunategui, Gabriel J Echeverri, Harry Pachajoa
BACKGROUND Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency is a rare genetic metabolic lipid storage disease, with a high morbidity, and mortality, in children and adults. It is characterized by a mutation in the LIPA gene that causes an alteration of lipid metabolism, resulting in deposits of cholesterol esters and triglycerides in organs such as the liver, blood vessels, and gastrointestinal tract. Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency is predominantly caused by the mutation c.894G>A, seen in approximately 50-70% of patients...
June 9, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859534/burden-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-disease-among-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-results-of-the-australian-national-diabetes-audit-anda
#2
Anthony Pease, Arul Earnest, Sanjeeva Ranasinha, Natalie Nanayakkara, Danny Liew, Natalie Wischer, Sofianos Andrikopoulos, Sophia Zoungas
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk stratification is complex in type 1 diabetes. We hypothesised that traditional and diabetes-specific cardiovascular risk factors were prevalent and strongly associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) among adults with type 1 diabetes attending Australian diabetes centres. METHODS: De-identified, prospectively collected data from patients with type 1 diabetes aged ≥ 18 years in the 2015 Australian National Diabetes Audit were analysed...
June 2, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858796/a-snapshot-of-lipid-levels-in-the-republic-of-ireland-in-2017
#3
Ruth Agar, Catherine Markham, Meabh Prendergast, Rebecca Canning, Edana Maher, Caroline Finn, Nuala Sammon, Sarah Fall, Noeleen Fallon, Evonne Hanrahan, Lisa King, Vincent Maher
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in blood lipid levels are causally linked with cardiovascular disease and pancreatitis. Data is limited regarding lipid abnormalities in Ireland. AIMS: As part of a cholesterol awareness campaign, we performed a pilot study of current lipid levels to preliminarily assess the extent and pattern of lipid abnormalities in Ireland. METHODS: Non-fasting, full lipid profiles and glucose measurements were performed in 259 people (32 on lipid-lowering medication and 225 untreated) using a validated Cholestech LDX machine...
June 1, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850601/the-constellation-of-macrovascular-risk-factors-in-early-onset-t2dm-a-cross-sectional-study-in-xinjiang-province-china
#4
Mingchen Zhang, Jiangfeng Mao, Ablikm Tuerdi, Xiaoyun Zeng, Li Quan, Shan Xiao, Jun Zhu, Hua Yao
Background: Despite a rapid popular of early onset type 2 diabetes (defined as diagnosis at <40 years old) recently, there is a lack of studies on this population in economically undeveloped area. We aimed to investigate the risk factors of macrovascular complications in the early onset T2DM patients in Xinjiang, China. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 1736 consecutive patients with T2DM was conducted. Macrovascular complications and risk factors were documented...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850585/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-healthcare-workers-a-cross-sectional-study-at-the-sefwi-wiawso-municipal-hospital-ghana
#5
James Osei-Yeboah, Kenneth Kwame Kye-Amoah, William K B A Owiredu, Sylvester Yao Lokpo, Joseph Esson, Beatrice Bella Johnson, Paul Amoah, Romeo Asumbasiya Aduko
Background: There is a dearth of information about the burden of cardiometabolic risk factors among the Ghanaian health workforce in the Western Region. This study sought to determine the prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors among healthcare workers at the Sefwi-Wiawso Municipal Hospital in the Western Region of Ghana. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study involving 112 employees of the Sefwi-Wiawso Municipal Hospital was conducted...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783224/influence-of-risk-factors-on-insulin-resistance-in-patients-with-overweight-and-obesity
#6
Tetiana Maksymets, Natalia Karpyshyn, Taras Gutor, Helen Sklyarova, Eugen Sklyarov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Obesity is a multifactorial, heterogenic disease, associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, chronic liver and kidney diseases. Excessive body weight and obesity are serious medical and social problems, since their incidence is constantly increasing and has reached global epidemic proportions. The aim: Determining the influence of risk factors on insulin resistance level in patients with overweight and obesity...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763925/the-influence-of-hyperlipidemia-on-endothelial-function-of-fpn1-tek-cre-mice-and-the-intervention-effect-of-tetramethylpyrazine
#7
Ming-Yue Sun, Miao Zhang, Shui-Ling Chen, Shu-Ping Zhang, Chun-Yu Guo, Jing-Shang Wang, Xin Liu, Yang Miao, Hui-Jun Yin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Systemic iron homeostasis is strictly governed in mammals; however, disordered iron metabolism (such as excess iron burden) is recognized as a risk factor for various types of diseases including AS (Atherosclerosis). The hepcidin-ferroportin axis plays the key role in regulation of iron homeostasis and modulation of this signaling could be a potential therapeutic strategy in the treatment of these diseases. TMP (Tetramethylpyrazine) has been reported to have therapeutical effect on AS...
May 9, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749982/prevalence-of-multiple-coronary-artery-disease-risk-factors-in-kerman-a-population-based-study-in-southeast-iran
#8
Hamid Najafipour, Mahdi Afshari, Farzaneh Rostamzadeh
Background: The risk of disease with 1 risk factor is increased by the presence of additional risk factors. The goal of this study was to assess the prevalence of multiple coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors among adults in Kerman, Iran, to identify the population groups most at risk. Methods: The present study included 5900 adults aged between 15 and 75 years in 2011 in Kerman, Iran. They were selected by 1-stage cluster sampling. Blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, lipids, and 6 CAD risk factors were assessed in the study population...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732488/coronary-flow-reserve-in-systemic-rheumatic-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Gian Luca Erre, Giorgio Buscetta, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Arduino Aleksander Mangoni, Ciriaco Carru, Giuseppe Passiu, Angelo Zinellu
Coronary flow reserve (CFR), a measure of both obstructive coronary artery disease and microvascular dysfunction, has been evaluated in systemic rheumatic diseases (RDs), but a comprehensive critical appraisal of the available evidence is lacking. The objective of this study is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies with small sample size investigating the associations between the presence of RDs and CFR to increase statistical power and accuracy. PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar, from inception to March 2018, were searched for studies reporting on CFR in RDs in comparison to healthy subjects...
May 7, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728099/relationship-between-the-burden-of-major-periodontal-bacteria-and-serum-lipid-profile-in-a-cross-sectional-japanese-study
#10
Youn-Hee Choi, Takayuki Kosaka, Miki Ojima, Shinichi Sekine, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Makoto Watanabe, Yoshihiro Miyamoto, Takahiro Ono, Atsuo Amano
BACKGROUND: The association of periodontal bacteria with lipid profile alteration remains largely unknown, although it has been suggested that chronic periodontitis increases the atherosclerotic risk. This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between the prevalence and total burden of periodontal bacteria and serum lipid profile. METHODS: Saliva from enrolled participants was collected to detect 4 major periodontal bacteria (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, Tannerella forsythia, and Prevotella intermedia) using Polymerase Chain Reaction method...
May 4, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716848/worsening-of-the-cardiovascular-profile-in-a-developing-country-the-greater-beirut-area-cardiovascular-cohort
#11
Hussain A Isma'eel, Mohamad M Almedawar, Juliana Breidy, Mona Nasrallah, Nancy Nakhoul, Youssef Mouneimne, Lara Nasreddine, Nathalie Khoueiry-Zgheib, Mohamad Abiad, Hani Tamim
BACKGROUND: Lebanon has no established governmental noncommunicable diseases surveillance and monitoring system to permit reporting on noncommunicable diseases rates. The last World Health Organization-supported surveillance report showed worrying trends in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. OBJECTIVES: A cardiovascular cohort was established to permit CVD outcomes studies in an urban sample in the Lebanese capital and the study in hand presents the baseline CVD risk factors of this cohort...
April 28, 2018: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710187/prevalence-and-severity-of-high-blood-pressure-among-children-based-on-the-2017-american-academy-of-pediatrics-guidelines
#12
Atul K Sharma, Daniel L Metzger, Celia J Rodd
Importance: Based on the new 2017 blood pressure guidelines, the prevalence of high blood pressure (BP) among adults has increased from 32% to 46%. Based on new norms and diagnostic thresholds that better align with adult definitions, new clinical practice guidelines were also published for children. The American Academy of Pediatrics clinical practice guidelines for the management of elevated BP in children replace the 2004 fourth report from the National, Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute...
April 23, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705248/prognostic-implications-of-peripheral-artery-disease-in-coronary-artery-disease
#13
REVIEW
Olivia Manfrini, Peter Louis Amaduzzi, Edina Cenko, Raffaele Bugiardini
Prevalence of peripheral arterial disease in patients with coronary artery disease is considerably higher than in the general population. A graded increase in the risk of major cardiovascular events in a variety of clinical settings is associated with the number of arterial beds affected by peripheral arterial disease. This is not surprising, considering that both coronary artery disease and peripheral arterial disease are linked to a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and a greater incidence of atherosclerotic burden...
April 26, 2018: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670627/sex-differences-in-adipose-tissue-cd8-t-cells-and-regulatory-t-cells-in-middle-aged-mice
#14
Hilda Ahnstedt, Meaghan Roy-O'Reilly, Monica S Spychala, Alexis S Mobley, Javiera Bravo-Alegria, Anjali Chauhan, Jaroslaw Aronowski, Sean P Marrelli, Louise D McCullough
The prevalence of cardiovascular disease has increased among middle-aged women in the United States, yet has declined in middle-aged men. In experimental stroke, middle-aged females have larger strokes and greater inflammation than age-matched males or younger females. The mechanism underlying this shift from an "ischemia-protected" to an "ischemia-sensitive" phenotype in aging females is unknown. One potential factor is an age-related increase in systemic factors that induce inflammation...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670048/dietary-fiber-intake-and-metabolic-syndrome-risk-factors-among-young-south-african-adults
#15
Machoene D Sekgala, Zandile J Mchiza, Whadi-Ah Parker, Kotsedi D Monyeki
This study attempts to bridge the research gap regarding the importance of dietary fiber in reducing metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors in young rural South Africans. A total of 627 individuals (309 males and 318 females) aged 18&ndash;30 years participated in the study. Dietary intake was measured using a validated 24-h recall method. The consumption of different types of dietary fiber (total, soluble, and insoluble) was calculated and presented as grams. Anthropometrics, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, and lipid profiles were measured according to standard protocols...
April 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665456/the-contribution-of-obesity-to-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaque-burden-in-a-general-population-sample-in-norway-the-troms%C3%A3-study
#16
Yume Imahori, Ellisiv B Mathiesen, David A Leon, Laila A Hopstock, Alun D Hughes, Stein Harald Johnsen, Lone Jørgensen, Nina Emaus, Katy E Morgan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Few studies have investigated the association of different measures of adiposity with carotid plaque. We aimed to investigate and compare the associations of four measures of adiposity: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) with the presence of carotid plaque and total plaque area (TPA) in the right carotid artery. METHODS: We included 4906 individuals aged 31-88 years who participated in a population-based study with ultrasonography of the right carotid artery...
June 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661561/clinically-actionable-hypercholesterolemia-and-hypertriglyceridemia-in-children-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#17
Kathryn E Harlow, Jonathan A Africa, Alan Wells, Patricia H Belt, Cynthia A Behling, Ajay K Jain, Jean P Molleston, Kimberly P Newton, Philip Rosenthal, Miriam B Vos, Stavra A Xanthakos, Joel E Lavine, Jeffrey B Schwimmer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the percentage of children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in whom intervention for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol or triglycerides was indicated based on National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: This multicenter, longitudinal cohort study included children with NAFLD enrolled in the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Clinical Research Network...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618598/routine-assessment-and-promotion-of-physical-activity-in-healthcare-settings-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#18
REVIEW
Felipe Lobelo, Deborah Rohm Young, Robert Sallis, Michael D Garber, Sandra A Billinger, John Duperly, Adrian Hutber, Russell R Pate, Randal J Thomas, Michael E Widlansky, Michael V McConnell, Elizabeth A Joy
Physical inactivity is one of the most prevalent major health risk factors, with 8 in 10 US adults not meeting aerobic and muscle-strengthening guidelines, and is associated with a high burden of cardiovascular disease. Improving and maintaining recommended levels of physical activity leads to reductions in metabolic, hemodynamic, functional, body composition, and epigenetic risk factors for noncommunicable chronic diseases. Physical activity also has a significant role, in many cases comparable or superior to drug interventions, in the prevention and management of >40 conditions such as diabetes mellitus, cancer, cardiovascular disease, obesity, depression, Alzheimer disease, and arthritis...
May 1, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606261/prognosis-and-treatment-of-diabetic-nephropathy-recent-advances-and-perspectives
#19
Peter Rossing, Frederik Persson, Marie Frimodt-Møller
Approximately 20 to 40% of patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes develop diabetic kidney disease. It is a clinical syndrome characterized by persistent albuminuria (>300mg/24h, or 300mg/g creatinine), a relentless decline in glomerular filtration rate, raised arterial blood pressure and enhanced cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The natural course of classical diabetic nephropathy is initially microalbuminuria or moderately increased urine albumin excretion (30-300mg/g creatinine). Untreated microalbuminuria may then rise gradually, reaching severely increased albuminuric (macroalbuminuria) over 5 to 15 years...
April 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594908/hematological-indicators-in-pygmy-wood-mouse-apodemus-uralensis-muridae-rodentia-populations-as-markers-of-the-environmental-radiation-exposure-east-urals-radioactive-trace-russia
#20
Natal'ya A Orekhova
The hematological effects of chronic radiation exposure in males of the pygmy wood mouse (Apodemus uralensis Pall., 1811) from the East Urals radioactive trace (EURT) area were assessed, taking into account population abundance and reproductive status (immature, ripening, and mature yearlings). For this purpose, we analyzed the morpho-functional characteristics of erythrocytes (red cell indices [MCV, MCH, MCHC], red cell count, activity of antioxidant enzymes [GSH-Px, CAT], lipid peroxidation, glycolysis, osmotic resistance, methaemoglobin content) and blood plasma components (free hemoglobin, total lipids, total cholesterol, and glucose) in the background territory and the EURT area; these areas have a density of soil contamination with 90 Sr of 12,851 and 198 kBq × m-2 , respectively (four and two order of magnitude higher than the background value)...
March 29, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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