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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304317/early-onset-necrotizing-enterocolitis-nec-in-premature-twins
#1
B Afzal, V Elberson, C McLaughlin, V Hs Kumar
Twin infants born at 34 week gestation had frank blood in stools on day three of life on mixed feeds of formula and maternal breast milk. Sepsis work up was negative in these relatively well appearing infants with pneumatosis in the colon on abdominal x-ray. Blood in stools recurred on reintroduction of breast milk in Twin A. Both infants recovered from episodes of bloody stools on amino-acid based formula and were thriving at discharge. Early necrotizing enterocolitis in both twins is rare and has not been reported...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303560/-diaphramatic-herniation-of-abdominal-contents-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Jonas Raakow, Jan Schulte-Mäter, Andreas Andreou, Matthias Biebl, Johann Pratschke, Maik Kilian
Background An enterothorax with herniation of bowel segments through a diaphragmatic defect is a rare postoperative complication, which can occur in the early postoperative period as well as several months or even years after the primary procedure. In virtually all cases, this diagnosis requires surgical treatment with reposition of the herniated structures and closure of the diaphragmatic defect. The aim of this study was to describe a larger case series of a rare complication and to present a review of the literature...
February 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302233/an-unusual-case-of-caecal-volvulus-due-to-appendicitis-successfully-managed-by-caecopexy
#3
Samiullah Bhatti, Mahmood Ayyaz Khan, Waris Farooka, Usman Ismat Butt, Usman Ali Rehman, Awais Amjad Malik
Caecal volvulus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction. Caecal volvulus precipitated by acute appendicitis is even rarer. We report an unusual case of caecal volvulus with acute appendicitis as a cause. A 55-year female presented in surgical emergency with 3 days history of abdominal pain, distension and absolute constipation; and 2 days history of vomiting. Her past surgical history was significant for hysterectomy 5 years back. On examination, abdomen was distended and bowel sounds exaggerated. X-ray abdomen erect showed a single large air fluid level in the right hemiabdomen...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295118/an-unusual-case-of-aorta-right-atrial-tunnel-with-windsock-aneurysm-imaging-diagnosis-and-treatment
#4
Shehzaadi Aneesah Khan, Leonie Scholtz, F Adriaan Snyders, Johan de Villiers
The first successfully diagnosed and treated case of aorta-right atrial tunnel was reported by Coto et al. in 1980. The most common cause of aorta-right atrial tunnel is a ruptured aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva. Sinus of Valsalva aneurysms had been reported as early as 1840 by Thurnam; these were diagnosed at autopsy. With the advances in radiology, many cases of aorta-right atrial tunnel have been reported since then, each with its own subtle variations. We report on a unique case of aorta-right atrial tunnel with a windsock aneurysm in the right atrium...
March 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291590/an-analysis-of-individual-body-fat-depots-and-risk-of-developing-cancer-insights-from-the-dallas-heart-study
#5
Arjun Gupta, Ambarish Pandey, Colby Ayers, Muhammad S Beg, Susan G Lakoski, Gloria L Vega, Scott M Grundy, David H Johnson, Ian J Neeland
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between specific adipose tissue depots and the risk of incident cancer in the Dallas Heart Study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Individuals without prevalent cancer in the Dallas Heart Study underwent quantification of adipose depots: visceral adipose tissue (VAT), abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue, and liver fat by magnetic resonance imaging, and subcutaneous lower-body fat (LBF) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2002, and were observed for the development of cancer for up to 12 years...
March 10, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286855/a-5-month-old-infant-with-right-scrotum-swelling-a-case-report
#6
Shih-Wen Hung, Kuo-Chih Chen, Chin-Chu Wu, Tzong-Luen Wang, Aming Chor-Ming Lin
Migration of the distal catheters of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is a rare event. Here, we report an unusual case of a 5-month-old infant with post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus, who developed right scrotum swelling soon after VP shunting. Plain abdominal x-ray showed the shunt tubing, which was twisted and kinked in its distal portion and coiled in the right scrotum. The infant was operated on and managed with successful outcome.
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286851/a-rare-case-of-gastrointestinal-tract-foreign-body-glassy-stomach
#7
Mohsen Ebrahimi, Jafar Malmir, Azadeh Mahmoudi-Gharaee, Mahdi Foroughian
Ingestion of foreign bodies is common and conservative treatment can eliminated most particlesfrom the gastrointestinal tractunless peritoneal signs appear. A 22-year-old man presented to emergency department who had ingested glass particles of a crushed beveragebottle.Hecomplained ofepigastric and periumbilical pain. Physical examination did not revealany peritoneal signs. Abdominal X-ray showed stomach full of small glass particles. Conservative treatment, without any surgical intervention,resulted insafely eliminating glass particlesin this patient...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283270/relationship-between-diffuse-idiopathic-skeletal-hyperostosis-abdominal-aortic-calcification-and-associated-metabolic-disorders-data-from-the-camargo-cohort
#8
Emilio Pariente-Rodrigo, Giusi Alessia Sgaramella, José Manuel Olmos-Martínez, Stefanie Francesca Pini-Valdivieso, Rosa Landeras-Alvaro, José Luis Hernández-Hernández
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) and abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) are related to an increased cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to analyse a possible relationship between both entities and also the association between metabolic disorders and DISH. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Analytic cross-sectional study in a population-based cohort. DISH (with Resnick-Niwayama criteria) and AAC (with AAC-24 scale) were assessed on plain x-ray images...
March 7, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282711/abdominal-pain-as-extrapulmonary-presentation-of-pneumonia-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#9
Hamid Emadi Koochak, Elnaz Tabibian, Shahram Rahimi Dehgolan
Pneumonia is considered as the main cause of abdominal pain in children whereas it presents mostly by respiratory symptoms in adults. Here we present a 71-year-old Iranian female who complained specifically of abdominal pain on admission to our emergency department. We had found nothing as an etiology in our first evaluations. After several hours chest pain was added to the symptoms and the following chest, X-Ray showed a consolidation in the right lung base. She was treated by pneumonia antibiotic regimen and discharged after seven days in a good clinical condition...
February 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279970/serum-sortilin-associates-with-aortic-calcification-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-men
#10
Claudia Goettsch, Hiroshi Iwata, Joshua D Hutcheson, Christopher J O'Donnell, Roland Chapurlat, Nancy R Cook, Masanori Aikawa, Pawel Szulc, Elena Aikawa
OBJECTIVE: Genome-wide association studies and preclinical studies demonstrated a role of sortilin in lipid metabolism, inflammation, and vascular calcification-all cardiovascular risk factors. We evaluated the association of serum sortilin levels with the risk of major adverse cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events (MACCE) and the severity of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC). APPROACH AND RESULTS: A cohort of community-dwelling men aged ≥50 years (n=830) was assessed...
March 9, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277301/body-composition-analysis-and-adipocytokine-concentrations-in-haemodialysis-patients-abdominal-fat-gain-as-an-added-cardiovascular-risk-factor-abdominal-fat-gain-and-cardiovascular-risk
#11
Elena González, Juan J Díez, Almudena Pérez Torres, María Auxiliadora Bajo, Gloria Del Peso, Rafael Sánchez-Villanueva, Cristina Grande, Olaia Rodríguez, Mónica Coronado, Carmen Gómez Candela, Mariana Díaz-Almirón, Pedro Iglesias, Rafael Selgas
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal fat and its increment over time in particular has become a cardiovascular risk factor in uraemic patients. OBJECTIVES: To analyse changes in abdominal fat in haemodialysis patients over one year and study their possible correlation with the variation in adipocytokine serum levels. As a secondary objective, we tried to validate the data obtained by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) with data obtained by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
October 26, 2016: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276661/anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-in-left-sided-inferior-vena-cava-and-right-sided-aortic-arch
#12
Kevin Phan, Bernard A M Fang, Monish M Maharaj, Andrew F Lennox, Ralph J Mobbs
Spinal fusion via anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) can offer symptomatic relief to patients that suffer severe low back pain, radiculopathy, and claudication. However, a detailed working knowledge of the thoracic, abdominal, and lumbar anatomy, particularly of the vasculature, is vital. We report the case of a 68-year-old man who presented with radiculopathy and progressively worsening low back pain despite 9 months of unsuccessful conservative therapy and pain management. Preoperative computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a rare anatomical variation, with an anomalous left-sided inferior vena cava and anomalous aorta...
March 9, 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275889/automatic-anatomical-labeling-of-arteries-and-veins-using-conditional-random-fields
#13
Takayuki Kitasaka, Mitsuru Kagajo, Yukitaka Nimura, Yuichiro Hayashi, Masahiro Oda, Kazunari Misawa, Kensaku Mori
PURPOSE: For safe and reliable laparoscopic surgery, it is important to determine individual differences of blood vessels such as the position, shape, and branching structures. Consequently, a computer-assisted laparoscopy that displays blood vessel structures with anatomical labels would be extremely beneficial. This paper details an automated anatomical labeling method for abdominal arteries and veins extracted from 3D CT volumes. METHODS: The proposed method represents a blood vessel tree as a probabilistic graphical model by conditional random fields (CRFs)...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270239/-late-presentation-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#14
N S Planting, A K E Hoffman-Haringsma
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare congenital defect. Most cases are currently diagnosed either prenatally by ultrasound or shortly after birth. Late presentation of CDH is uncommon, and symptoms vary greatly. Here we describe two cases. The first concerns a 9-year-old boy with abdominal pain. The symptoms were interpreted as constipation and he was admitted for a high enema. After a few hours he developed severe respiratory distress; chest X-ray revealed a tension gastrothorax, and thoracostomy resulted in immediate respiratory improvement...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269198/calcification-detection-of-abdominal-aorta-in-ct-images-and-3d-visualization-in-vr-devices
#15
Jose A Garcia-Berna, Juan M Sanchez-Gomez, Judith Hermanns, Gines Garcia-Mateos, Jose L Fernandez-Aleman
Automatic calcification detection in abdominal aorta consists of a set of computer vision techniques to quantify the amount of calcium that is found around this artery. Knowing that information, it is possible to perform statistical studies that relate vascular diseases with the presence of calcium in these structures. To facilitate the detection in CT images, a contrast is usually injected into the circulatory system of the patients to distinguish the aorta from other body tissues and organs. This contrast increases the absorption of X-rays by human blood, making it easier the measurement of calcifications...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253918/luseogliflozin-reduces-epicardial-fat-accumulation-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-pilot-study
#16
Ryotaro Bouchi, Masahiro Terashima, Yuriko Sasahara, Masahiro Asakawa, Tatsuya Fukuda, Takato Takeuchi, Yujiro Nakano, Masanori Murakami, Isao Minami, Hajime Izumiyama, Koshi Hashimoto, Takanobu Yoshimoto, Yoshihiro Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Accumulation of epicardial fat (EF) is associated with increased cardio-metabolic risks and coronary events, independently of traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Therefore, the reduction of EF volume (EFV) may be associated with reduced cardio-metabolic risks and future cardiovascular events. Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors reduce body fat including visceral fat and cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, it has still been unknown whether SGLT2 inhibitors can reduce EFV...
March 3, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253835/abdominal-aortic-calcification-on-a-plain-x-ray-and-the-relation-with-significant-coronary-artery-disease-in-asymptomatic-chronic-dialysis-patients
#17
M K de Bie, M S Buiten, J I Rotmans, M Hogenbirk, M J Schalij, T J Rabelink, J W Jukema
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is common in asymptomatic chronic dialysis patients and plays an important role in their poor survival. Early identification of these high-risk patients could improve treatment and reduce mortality. Abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) has previously been associated with CAD in autopsy studies. Since the AAC can be quantified easily using a lateral lumbar X-ray we hypothesized that the extent of AAC as assessed on a lateral lumbar X-ray might be predictive of the presence of significant CAD in dialysis patients...
March 2, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248873/abdominal-cocoon-accompanied-by-multiple-peritoneal-loose-body
#18
Yongyuan Cheng, Lintao Qu, Jun Li, Bin Wang, Junzu Geng, Dong Xing
RATIONALE: Abdominal cocoon and peritoneal loose body are both rare abdominal diseases. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient reported in this case was a 47-year-old man who suffered from abdominal pain and distension for 3 days. DIAGNOSIS: X-ray, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple peritoneal loose body and small bowel obstruction, characterized by a total encapsulation of the small bowel with a fibrous membrane...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227428/calcification-detection-of-abdominal-aorta-in-ct-images-and-3d-visualization-in-vr-devices
#19
Jose A Garcia-Berna, Juan M Sanchez-Gomez, Judith Hermanns, Gines Garcia-Mateos, Jose L Fernandez-Aleman, Jose A Garcia-Berna, Juan M Sanchez-Gomez, Judith Hermanns, Gines Garcia-Mateos, Jose L Fernandez-Aleman, Jose L Fernandez-Aleman, Jose A Garcia-Berna, Judith Hermanns, Juan M Sanchez-Gomez, Gines Garcia-Mateos
Automatic calcification detection in abdominal aorta consists of a set of computer vision techniques to quantify the amount of calcium that is found around this artery. Knowing that information, it is possible to perform statistical studies that relate vascular diseases with the presence of calcium in these structures. To facilitate the detection in CT images, a contrast is usually injected into the circulatory system of the patients to distinguish the aorta from other body tissues and organs. This contrast increases the absorption of X-rays by human blood, making it easier the measurement of calcifications...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226350/-value-of-endoscopy-application-in-the-management-of-complications-after-radical-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#20
Yiqun Zhang, Pinghong Zhou
Endoscopy plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of postoperative complications of gastric cancer. Endoscopic intervention can avoid the second operation and has attracted wide attention. Early gastric anastomotic bleeding after gastrectomy is the most common. With the development of technology, emergency endoscopy and endoscopic hemostasis provide a new treatment approach. According to the specific circumstances, endoscopists can choose metal clamp to stop bleeding, electrocoagulation hemostasis, local injection of epinephrine or sclerotherapy agents, and spraying specific hemostatic agents...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
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