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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130000/knowledge-of-stroke-risk-factors-and-warning-signs-in-patients-with-recurrent-stroke-or-recurrent-transient-ischaemic-attack-in-thailand
#1
Jittima Saengsuwan, Pathitta Suangpho, Somsak Tiamkao
Stroke is a global burden. It is not known whether patients who are most at risk of stroke (recurrent stroke or recurrent transient ischaemic attack) have enough knowledge of stroke risk factors and warning signs. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of stroke risk factors and warning signs in this high-risk population. We performed a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of patients with recurrent stroke or recurrent TIA admitted to Srinagarind Hospital and Khon Kaen Hospital, Thailand. A total of 140 patients were included in the study (age 65...
2017: Neurology Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129602/standardized-fraction-of-xylocarpus-moluccensis-fruits-improve-vascular-relaxation-and-plaque-stability-in-dyslipidemic-models-of-atherosclerosis
#2
Jitendra S Kanshana, Sanjay C Rebello, Priya Pathak, Babu Nageswararao Kanuri, Hobby Aggarwal, Vasundhara Srivastava, Vivek Khanna, Vishal Singh, Kumaravelu Jagavelu, Manoj K Barthwal, Madhu Dikshit
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Xylocarpus moluccensis (Lamk.) M. Roem of family Meliaceae has triterpenoids rich fruits. Triterpenoids have been known to possess cardioprotection and anti-atherosclerotic activities (Han and Bakovic, 2015; Wu et al., 2009). Standardised fraction of these fruits exhibited anti-dyslipidemic (Srivastava et al., 2015), anti-inflammatory (Ravangpai et al., 2011) and CNS depressant activity (Sarker et al., 2007). However, there is no report in the literature on its cardiovascular effects...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077762/awareness-treatment-and-control-of-dyslipidemia-in-rural-south-africa-the-haalsi-health-and-aging-in-africa-a-longitudinal-study-of-an-indepth-community-in-south-africa-study
#3
Sheridan Reiger, Thiago Veiga Jardim, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, Nigel J Crowther, Alisha Wade, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Joshua Salomon, Stephen Tollman, Thomas A Gaziano
Dyslipidemia is a primary driver for chronic cardiovascular conditions and there is no comprehensive literature about its management in South Africa. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia in rural South Africa and how they are impacted by different behaviors and non-modifiable factors. To fulfill this objective we recruited for this cohort study adults aged ≥40 years residing in the Agincourt sub-district of Mpumalanga Province. Data collection included socioeconomic and clinical data, anthropometric measures, blood pressure (BP), HIV-status, point-of-care glucose and lipid levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074587/relationship-between-total-serum-bilirubin-levels-and-carotid-and-femoral-atherosclerosis-in-familial-dyslipidemia
#4
Antonio J Amor, Emilio Ortega, Verónica Perea, Montserrat Cofán, Aleix Sala-Vila, Isabel Nuñez, Rosa Gilabert, Emilio Ros
OBJECTIVE: Bilirubin is a potent antioxidant that has been inversely related to cardiovascular disease. There is little information on serum total bilirubin (TB) in relation to atherosclerosis in familial dyslipidemia. We assessed the association between TB and carotid and femoral atherosclerosis in this high-risk group. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We evaluated 464 individuals with familial dyslipidemia (56% men; median age, 48 years), 322 with familial hypercholesterolemia, and 142 with familial combined hyperlipidemia...
October 26, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064399/pharmabiotics-as-an-emerging-medication-for-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-related-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Thi Thanh Binh Nguyen, Yan Yan Jin, Hea-Jong Chung, Seong-Tschool Hong
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of metabolic risk factors associated with central obesity, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and high blood pressure. In recent decades, because of the remarkable increase in both prevalence and severity, MetS and its related diseases such as cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), obesity, hypertension and diabetes have become the main global burden and challenge in strategic management involving prevention and treatment. However, currently, the preventions and treatments based on pharmaceutical interventions do not provide a solution for MetS and its related diseases...
October 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026833/primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-older-adults-in-china
#6
REVIEW
Jian Yong, Dong Lin, Xue-Rui Tan
Over the past two decades, the percentage of Chinese who is 60 years or older has increased from 5.2% in 1995 to 10.5% in 2015. Approximately 16% of the population in China was 60 years old and above in 2015. Since 1990, cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the leading cause of death in China. Cardiovascular medications of older adults are usually more complicated than younger age groups due to polypharmacy, the presence of comorbidities and more susceptible to treatment-related adverse outcomes. Therefore, effective primary prevention of CVD for older adults is important in sustaining the health of older adults and reducing the burden of the healthcare system...
September 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019423/national-hyperlipidemia-management-policies-improve-lipid-target-attainment-in-clinical-practice
#7
Fotios Barkas, Moses Elisaf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983166/cardiovascular-risk-factors-burden-in-saudi-arabia-the-africa-middle-east-cardiovascular-epidemiological-ace-study
#8
Amjad M Ahmed, Ahmad Hersi, Walid Mashhoud, Mohammed R Arafah, Paula C Abreu, Mohammed Abdullah Al Rowaily, Mouaz H Al-Mallah
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on the epidemiology of cardiovascular risk factors in Saudi Arabia, particularly in relation to the differences between Saudi nationals and expatriates in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this analysis was to describe the current prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among patients attending general practice clinics across Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In this cross-sectional epidemiological analysis of the Africa Middle East Cardiovascular Epidemiological (ACE) study, the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, obesity, smoking, abdominal obesity) was evaluated in adults attending primary care clinics in Saudi Arabia...
October 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978986/the-relationship-between-obesity-and-hypertension-an-updated-comprehensive-overview-on-vicious-twins
#9
REVIEW
Massimo Leggio, Mario Lombardi, Elisa Caldarone, Paolo Severi, Stefania D'Emidio, Massimo Armeni, Veronica Bravi, Maria Grazia Bendini, Andrea Mazza
Obesity is a growing global health concern, with a rapid increase being observed in morbid obesity. Obesity is associated with an increased cardiovascular risk and earlier onset of cardiovascular morbidity. The growing obesity epidemic is a major source of unsustainable health costs and morbidity and mortality because of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, certain cancers and major cardiovascular diseases. Similar to obesity, hypertension is a key unfavorable health metric that has disastrous health implications: currently, hypertension is the leading contributor to global disease burden, and the direct and indirect costs of treating hypertension are exponentially higher...
October 5, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966076/sleep-apnea-metabolic-disease-and-the-cutting-edge-of-therapy
#10
Matthew Light, Karen McCowen, Atul Malhotra, Omar A Mesarwi
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common, and many cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have established OSA as an independent risk factor for the development of a variety of adverse metabolic disease states, including hypertension, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, dyslipidemia, and atherosclerosis. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has long been the mainstay of therapy for OSA, but definitive studies demonstrating the efficacy of CPAP in improving metabolic outcomes, or in reducing incident disease burden, are lacking; moreover, CPAP has variable rates of adherence...
September 28, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949834/use-of-international-classification-of-diseases-ninth-revision-codes-for-obesity-trends-in-the-united-states-from-an-electronic-health-record-derived-database
#11
Michelle Mocarski, Ye Tian, B Gabriel Smolarz, John McAna, Albert Crawford
Obesity is a potentially modifiable risk factor for many diseases, and a better understanding of its impact on health care utilization, costs, and medical outcomes is needed. The ability to accurately evaluate obesity outcomes depends on a correct identification of the population with obesity. The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and accuracy of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) coding for overweight and obesity within a US primary care electronic health record (EHR) database compared against actual body mass index (BMI) values from recorded clinical patient data; characteristics of patients with obesity who did or did not receive ICD-9 codes for overweight/obesity also were evaluated...
September 26, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923811/coronary-artery-calcium-progression-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-events-among-asymptomatic-individuals-from-the-north-texas-primary-care-practice-based-research-network-nortex-pbrn
#12
Roberto Cardarelli, Alexandria Hall, Wade Rankin
BACKGROUND: Although incidental coronary artery calcium (CAC) has been established as a surrogate measure for atherosclerotic plaque burden, little is known about its progression and the associated risks. This study looks at the association of select cardiovascular risk factors with the progression of CAC over a 2-year period and the relationship between CAC progression and experiencing a composite cardiovascular disease (CVD) event. METHODS: Repeated CAC measurements were obtained for 311 asymptomatic participants aged >44 years, who were recruited from a collaborative network of primary care clinics...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910790/the-cardiovascular-burden-in-end-stage-renal-disease
#13
Mario Cozzolino, Andrea Galassi, Francesca Pivari, Paola Ciceri, Ferruccio Conte
It is well documented that chronic kidney disease patients have an extremely high risk of developing cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD) compared to the general population. Declining renal function itself represents a continuum of CV risk, and in those individuals who survive to reach end-stage renal disease, the risk of suffering a cardiac event is uncomfortably and unacceptably high. Several pathophysiological pathways have been suggested to account for this, including endothelial dysfunction, dyslipidemia, inflammation, left ventricular hypertrophy, troponins, phosphate, vitamin D, fibroblast growth factor-23, and NT-proBNP...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895638/gender-and-age-differences-in-lipid-profile-among-chinese-adults-in-nanjing-a-retrospective-study-of-over-230-000-individuals-from-2009-to-2015
#14
Tianwei Gu, Weihong Zhou, Jie Sun, Jing Wang, Dalong Zhu, Yan Bi
Background Previous national survey suggested that dyslipidemia is an increasing burden in China and more severe in urban population. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the gender and age differences in lipids and lipoproteins in a large Chinese urban population in Nanjing city. Methods A total of 236, 945 adults (age ≥20 years old) who undertook a health check between 2009 and 2015 in our medical examination center were involved in the analysis. Fasting total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and triglyceride (TG) were measured by standard methods...
September 11, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880738/military-sexual-trauma-and-obesity-among-women-veterans
#15
Nivedita Pandey, Samir N Ashfaq, Edward W Dauterive, Andrea A MacCarthy, Laurel A Copeland
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the experience of military sexual trauma (MST) that may contribute to PTSD, and obesity are three issues that complicate care for our population of new veterans. Our aim was to analyze the association of MST and diagnosed PTSD with obesity among female veterans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women 20-103 years old using the Veterans Health Administration (VA) in fiscal year 2014 (October 2013-September 2014) with diagnosis and body-mass data were identified in administrative databases (213,985 of 404,183 women)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873433/overview-of-preventive-practices-provided-by-primary-care-physicians-a-cross-sectional-study-in-switzerland-and-france
#16
Paul Sebo, Hubert Maisonneuve, Bernard Cerutti, Jean-Pascal Fournier, Nicolas Senn, Cédric Rat, Dagmar M Haller
BACKGROUND: A range of preventive practices are recommended to reduce the burden of chronic diseases. The aim of our study was to describe the preventive practices of French-speaking primary care physicians. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2015 in a randomly selected sample of 1100 primary care physicians (700 in Switzerland, 400 in France). The physicians were asked how often they performed the following recommended preventive practices: blood pressure, weight and height measurements, screening for dyslipidemia, screening for alcohol use and brief intervention, screening for smoking (and brief advice for smokers), colon and prostate cancer screening, and influenza immunization...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862329/virgin-coconut-oil-reverses-hepatic-steatosis-by-restoring-redox-homeostasis-and-lipid-metabolism-in-male-wistar-rats
#17
Arunaksharan Narayanankutty, Devika Mukundan Palliyil, Kezia Kuruvilla, Achuthan C Raghavamenon
BACKGROUND: Hepatosteatosis, a form of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is being increasingly recognized as a major health burden worldwide. Insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and imbalances in adipokine/cytokine interplay are reported to be involved in the onset and progression of this disease. Use of dietary nutraceuticals in prevention and treatment of NAFLD is emerging. Virgin coconut oil (VCO), a fermented product of fresh coconut kernel, has been shown to impede the development of hepatosteatosis in rats...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804516/the-role-of-sebelipase-alfa-in-the-treatment-of-lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficiency
#18
REVIEW
Angelika L Erwin
Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LALD) is a lysosomal storage disorder (LSD) characterized either by infantile onset with fulminant clinical course and very poor prognosis or childhood/adult-onset disease with an attenuated phenotype. The disorder is often misdiagnosed or remains undiagnosed in children and adults due to a rather unspecific clinical presentation with dyslipidemia and steatohepatitis. Until recently, no good treatment options were available for LALD. Despite supportive and symptomatic therapies, death occurred before 1 year of age in patients with infantile-onset disease and patients with childhood/adult-onset LALD suffered from significant complications, such as liver cirrhosis, requiring liver transplantation and early-onset cardiovascular disease...
July 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796598/prevalence-correlates-and-time-trends-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-among-israeli-adults-estimates-from-the-israeli-national-health-interview-survey-2014-2015
#19
Samah Hayek, Anneke Ifrah, Teena Enav, Tamy Shohat
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases constitute a major public health challenge. The prevalence of multiple chronic conditions (MCC) has increased. The objective of our study was to describe the prevalence, correlates, and time trends of MCC in the Israeli population and among the nation's 2 main population groups (Jewish and Arab). METHODS: To describe the prevalence of correlates of MCC, we used data from the 2014-2015 Israeli National Health Interview Survey-III (INHIS-III)...
August 10, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743922/prevalence-of-stroke-and-vascular-risk-factors-in-china-a-nationwide-community-based-study
#20
Qi Li, Hao Wu, Wei Yue, Qingqing Dai, Hui Liang, Hetao Bian, Xiaoshuang Xia, Qiuhong Ji, Ying Shen
We aimed to investigate the prevalence of stroke and related vascular risk factors in adult population aged 40 years and older in China. We conducted a prospective cross-sectional survey in nationally representative sample of 207323 individuals from all 31 Chinese provinces in 2013. Data were used to analyze the prevalence of stroke by age, sex, geographical regions and educational level. The age-standardized prevalence of stroke was significantly higher in men than in women in all age groups (P < 0...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
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