Read by QxMD icon Read

Abdominal pain

Jennifer Hartley, Muhammad Akhtar, Edmond Edi-Osagie
A 31-year-old nulliparous patient presents with a three-day history of right sided colicky abdominal pain and associated nausea. This patient has previously presented twice with right sided ovarian torsion with the background of polycystic ovaries in the last two consecutive years. Blood tests were normal. Due to previous history, there was a high index of clinical suspicion that this may be a further torsion. Therefore, the patient was taken to theatre for a diagnostic laparoscopy and a further right sided ovarian torsion was noted...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Abdullateef Abdulkareem, Ryan S D'Souza, Joshua Mundorff, Pragya Shrestha, Oluwaseun Shogbesan, Anthony Donato
Acquired angioedema due to C1 inhibitor deficiency (C1INH-AAE) is a rare and potentially fatal syndrome of bradykinin-mediated angioedema characterized by episodes of angioedema without urticaria. It typically manifests with nonpitting edema of the skin and edema in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract mucosa or upper airway. Edema of the upper airway and tongue may lead to life-threatening asphyxiation. C1INH-AAE is typically under-diagnosed because of its rarity and its propensity to mimic more common abdominal conditions and allergic reactions...
2018: Case Reports in Hematology
Lili Zhang, Junsong Shen, Linchun Guo, Fenggan Cheng, Qi Fan, Keqian Ni, Shujing Xia, Detong Zhou
The present study aimed to determine the diagnostic yield of OMOM capsule endoscopy for small bowel diseases in adults. A total of 89 patients, including 45 cases of obscure abdominal pain, 22 of chronic diarrhea, 18 of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding and 4 of obscure anemia were enrolled in the present study. The transit time of the endoscopy capsule in the digestive tract was recorded and the testing results were analyzed. All detections were completed except for four capsule retentions and the completion rate was 95...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Darren M Brenner, Ronald Fogel, Spencer D Dorn, Richard Krause, Paul Eng, Robert Kirshoff, Anhthu Nguyen, Robert A Crozier, Leslie Magnus, Patrick H Griffin
OBJECTIVES: Two identical, phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials evaluated the efficacy and safety of plecanatide in patients with irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). METHODS: Adults meeting Rome III criteria for IBS-C were randomized (1:1:1) to placebo or plecanatide (3 or 6 mg) for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy end point was the percentage of overall responders (patients reporting ≥30% reduction from baseline in worst abdominal pain plus an increase of ≥1 complete spontaneous bowel movement (CSBM)/week from baseline in the same week for ≥6 of 12 treatment weeks)...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Işıl Kasapoğlu, Pınar Türk, Aylin Dayan, Gürkan Uncu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare patients with endometriosis to those without endometriosis regarding performance rates, difficulties and complications associated with transvaginal oocyte retrieval (TVOR) procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted at the IVF Unit of the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Department of an University Hospital. Fifty-eight patients with endometriosis and 61 patients without endometriosis underwent a TVOR procedure consecutively...
March 16, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
Hanane Eddaoualline, Khadija Mazouz, Bouchra Rafiq, Ghizlane El Mghari Tabib, Nawal El Ansari, Rhizlane Belbaraka, Abdelhamid El Omrani, Mouna Khouchani
BACKGROUND: Ewing sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor is a family of highly malignant proliferation of neuroectodermal origin, most often skeletal, adrenal localization is extremely rare. Only few cases have been reported in the literature. Classical management includes radical surgery with adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy or both. This case report is the only one where recurrence was surgically removed, and it confirms the importance of adjuvant treatment, and the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Gernot Kriegshäuser, Dietmar Enko, Hasmik Hayrapetyan, Stepan Atoyan, Christian Oberkanins, Tamara Sarkisian
PurposeThis work aimed at investigating demographic, clinical, and genetic characteristics of individuals experiencing their first familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) attack at age ≥40 years in a very large cohort of Armenian FMF patients.MethodsIn total, 10,370 Armenian patients diagnosed with FMF based on the Tel Hashomer criteria and carrying at least one MEFV mutant allele were included in this study.ResultsA total of 354 (3.40%) patients had late-onset FMF. Of these, 194 (54.80%) were female and 160 (45...
March 15, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Carlos Fritzsche, M Loebermann, E C Reisinger
BACKGROUND: Vaccination against hepatitis A virus infection is recommended for men who have sex with men and other risk groups. The protection offered by the combined hepatitis A and B vaccine is comparable to that offered by the monovalent hepatitis A vaccine. CASE: A 38-year-old HIV-positive patient presented with right upper abdominal pain, fever and jaundice. Serological work-up and detection of hepatitis A RNA in stool sample revealed an acute hepatitis A infection despite a previous complete vaccination with the combined hepatitis A and B vaccine...
March 14, 2018: Infection
Hiroshi Tamura, Tatsuo Kanda, Tadasu Chida, Hitoshi Kameyama, Ukihide Tateishi, Toshifumi Wakai, Makoto Naito
BACKGROUND: Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare disease characterized by multiple gas-filled cysts in the intestinal wall and is associated with various comorbidities. We report herein a case of intractable paralytic ileus caused by primary PCI. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old man visited out hospital complaining of abdominal pain and vomiting. He had been hospitalized twice for intestinal obstruction in the past 2 months. Based on his history of appendectomy, mechanical bowel obstruction caused by adhesion was diagnosed, and the patient underwent surgery...
March 14, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
Anthony H Chau, Haidar Abdul-Muhsin, Xin Peng, Victor J Davila, Erik P Castle, Samuel R Money
Renal nutcracker syndrome is an anatomic anomaly characterized by the compression of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta or between the aorta and the vertebral body. Diagnosis is often challenging. Common presenting symptoms include hematuria, abdominal pain, and pelvic congestion. Several open and endovascular techniques have been described to treat this syndrome. We report a novel surgical technique with robotic-assisted left renal vein transposition to treat a 19-year-old woman with renal nutcracker syndrome...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
S Palthe, G A Dijkstra, M G Steffens
A spontaneous, non-traumatic, urinary bladder rupture is a rare condition. We describe a case of a 23-year-old male with a spontaneous bladder rupture secondary to urinary retention, due to an urethral stricture. He presented to the emergency department with voiding difficulties, severe abdominal pain and renal failure. Abdominal ultrasound revealed large amounts of ascites. After an unsuccessful attempt to place a Foley catheter a cystoscopy was performed which showed an urethral stricture. On CT-cystogram an intra-peritoneal bladder rupture was diagnosed and the patient underwent laparoscopic repair of the bladder wall...
March 2018: Urology Case Reports
Agazi Gebreselassie, Majidah Bukhari, Ahmad Awan, Mouen Khashab
Portal vein thrombosis with cavernous transformation is a rare cause of biliary obstruction. Portal biliopathy is a term that refers to abnormalities in the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary tract, gall bladder, and cystic duct secondary to portal hypertension. Patients may be asymptomatic, but they can also present with abdominal pain, jaundice, and fever. We present the case of a 61-year-old Caucasian female who presented with generalized weakness, dark urine, and yellow skin for three days' duration...
January 9, 2018: Curēus
Cornelia Nitipir, Octav Ginghina, Liliana Popa, Florin Andrei, Nicolaie Tudor, Irina Radu, Cristian Iaciu, Cristina Orlov, Florina Vasilescu, Cristian Balalau, Grigoris Leon, Carolina Negrei, Maria Alexandra Barbu
Although gastric metastases have been estimated to occur in less than 2% of cancer patients, an increased use of upper digestive tract endoscopy allows for a higher detection of secondary gastric tumors. We describe the case of a 66-year-old male patient presenting with mild pain in the sternum and upper abdominal area. Physical examination revealed a right parietal skull tumor, with no other significant clinical changes. Upon exclusion of an acute coronary syndrome, upper digestive tract endoscopy was performed, showing the presence of an ulcerated tumor located in the gastric fundus...
April 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Karishma Lal, Akash Khetpal, Muhammad Saad Ali Mallick, Ansab Godil, Arsalan Majeed Adam, Zahid Ali Memon
We report an unusual case of an 18-year old woman, who presented to Civil Hospital Karachi in May 2016 with complaints of vomiting, abdominal pain, dysphagia, altered bowel habits, loss of appetite and chronic weight loss. On examination, abdomen was found to be soft and non-tender with discomfort on breathing. CT angiogram revealed reduction of aortomesenteric angle and aortomesenteric distance which were both consistent with superior mesenteric artery syndrome. Reduction in angle was thought to be because of weight loss and adipose tissue depletion so patient was started on enteral and parenteral nutritional supplements...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Nauman Ahmed, Hammad Naeem Rana
Primary Small bowel adenocarcinoma, a rare entity and having varied clinical presentation, makes its clinical detection a diagnostic challenge. Moreover, its true prevalence in sub-continent population has not yet been established, which makes it more difficult for its detection. We present the case of a 60 year old male who came with abdominal pain and weight loss for two years as the only symptoms. A series of tests in the two year period remained inconclusive. Later Computed tomography showed a suspicious mass at the terminal ileum...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Yuji Otsuki, Hirofumi Konn, Keisa Takeda, Masahiko Koike
Obturator hernia (OH) is a rare condition that accounts for 0.073-1% of abdominal hernias and 0.48% of bowel obstructions. OH frequently occurs in elderly women, with an incidence that increases with age. The only treatment for OH is surgical intervention, and the approaches used vary greatly. Consequently, a well-defined consensus has not yet emerged. We assessed the efficiency and safety of the midline extraperitoneal approach for OH. Six patients with OH repaired using the midline extraperitoneal approach at KKR Sapporo Medical Center between April 2011 and January 2016 were included in the study...
March 14, 2018: Keio Journal of Medicine
N D B Ehelepola, A N Abayagunawardana, T N Sudusinghe
BACKGROUND: Hemolysis can occur in people with G6PD deficiency under oxidative stress. Acalypha indica is a tropical plant used as a medicinal plant as well as a vegetable. There are a few reported cases of Acalypha indica ingestion induced hemolysis in G6PD deficient people. All except one of them are from Sri Lanka. The information available at present (2017) about G6PD deficiency prevalence and variants of the G6PD gene among Sri Lankans is very sparse. There are no past reports on hemolytic crisis in a G6PD deficient person presenting mimicking leptospirosis...
March 14, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Hai-Jie Hu, Rong-Xing Zhou, Fei Liu, Jun-Ke Wang, Fu-Yu Li
RATIONALE: Pancreatic mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is a rare disease with no more than 10 cases reported in literature. The prognosis is poor and few patients can survival more than 1 year. PATIENT CONCERNS: We presented a case of patient manifested as left upper abdominal pain. Computed tomography demonstrated a low-density shadow measuring 2.1 × 2.4 cm situated at the transition area of neck and body of the pancreas with obscure boundary and irregular enhancement...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Gaëtan-Romain Joliat, Ismail Labgaa, Emilie Uldry, Nicolas Demartines, Nermin Halkic
OBJECTIVE: Hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) can infrequently rupture and cause hemorrhage. Little is known on recurrence rate (RR) and overall survival (OS) in case of ruptured HCC. This study aimed to assess RR, time to recurrence, and OS of operated ruptured HCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All operated patients with HCC (1999-2015) were reviewed. Patient demographics, perioperative details, and postoperative outcomes of ruptured HCC were recorded. RR, time to recurrence, and OS were calculated...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Goutham Rao, Paul Epner, Victoria Bauer, Anthony Solomonides, David E Newman-Toker
Diagnostic error is a serious public health problem to which knowledge gaps and associated cognitive error contribute significantly. Identifying diagnostic approaches to common problems in ambulatory care associated with more timely and accurate diagnosis and lower cost and harm associated with diagnostic evaluation is an important priority for health care systems, clinicians, and of course patients. Unfortunately, guidance on how best to approach diagnosis in patients with common presenting complaints such as abdominal pain, dizziness, and fatigue is lacking...
June 27, 2017: Diagnosis
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"