Read by QxMD icon Read

Individual differences

Benjamin Oosterhoff, Natalie J Shook, Aaron Metzger
This study examined adolescents' beliefs about the amount of punishment individuals should receive for violating different laws and whether these beliefs are connected with their informational assumptions (i.e., perceived facts) about crime, laws, and authority. American adolescents (N = 340; Mage = 16.64, 58.2% female) reported their judgments concerning the appropriate punishment for violating laws regulating domain-specific behaviors and their informational assumptions regarding the prevalence and causes of crime, beliefs that authority is knowledgeable, and the purpose of punishment...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Chris Baeken, Guo-Rong Wu, Rudi De Raedt
BACKGROUND: Refractory major depressive disorder (MDD) is a severe mental disorder, chronic and difficult to treat. Although generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is frequently observed as a comorbid diagnosis, little is known on the comorbid neurobiological substrate. Better insights may improve adequate treatment algorithms. OBJECTIVE: To examine this poorly understood clinical question, we recruited 52 individuals to participate in a [(18)F] FDG PET brain imaging study...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Hui Song, Xu Zhai, Zhongyang Gao, Teng Lu, Qian Tian, Haopeng Li, Xijing He
In the past two decades, many tools have been reported to measure the cervical range of motion (CROM), but most of the results are controversial in healthy individuals and/or individuals with neck pain. The Coda Motion 3-D Analysis system is a new instrument that measures three-dimensional joint movement. However, measurements of CROM using this system have yet to be conducted. Here, we investigate the reliability and validity of the Coda Motion 3-D Analysis System for measuring CROM in healthy adults. Sixty healthy volunteers were involved in this reliability study...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Zhiyuan Jiang, Baojing Lin, Tangwei Liu, Shiyun Qin, Shan Huang, Shuang Shao, Shuo Li, Rongjie Huang, Jiangnan Huang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Increased volume of visceral adipose tissue is associated with worsening of cardiovascular disease risk factors that contribute to aortic dilatation. We investigated the effects of visceral fat index (VFI) and VFI/percentage body fat (PBF) ratio on proximal aortic size and proximal aortic dilatation (PAD), to assess whether excess visceral fat deposition is an independent risk factor for PAD. METHODS: 738 participants aged 35 years or more were included in this cross-sectional survey...
November 11, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Amrinder Singh, Abhinav Dubey, Satish K Adiga, Hanudatta S Atreya
We present a new method that allows one to unambiguously resolve overlapping spin systems often encountered in biomolecular systems such as peptides and proteins or in samples containing a mixture of different molecules such as in metabolomics. We address this problem using the recently proposed phase modulation approach. By evolving the (1)H chemical shifts in a conventional two dimensional (2D) HSQC-TOCSY experiment for a fixed delay period, the phase/intensity of set of cross peaks belonging to one spin system are modulated differentially relative to those of its overlapping counterpart, resulting in their discrimination and recognition...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Mika Kivimäki, Ritva Luukkonen, G David Batty, Jane E Ferrie, Jaana Pentti, Solja T Nyberg, Martin J Shipley, Lars Alfredsson, Eleonor I Fransson, Marcel Goldberg, Anders Knutsson, Markku Koskenvuo, Eeva Kuosma, Maria Nordin, Sakari B Suominen, Töres Theorell, Eero Vuoksimaa, Peter Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Maria Zins, Miia Kivipelto, Jussi Vahtera, Jaakko Kaprio, Archana Singh-Manoux, Markus Jokela
INTRODUCTION: Higher midlife body mass index (BMI) is suggested to increase the risk of dementia, but weight loss during the preclinical dementia phase may mask such effects. METHODS: We examined this hypothesis in 1,349,857 dementia-free participants from 39 cohort studies. BMI was assessed at baseline. Dementia was ascertained at follow-up using linkage to electronic health records (N = 6894). We assumed BMI is little affected by preclinical dementia when assessed decades before dementia onset and much affected when assessed nearer diagnosis...
November 20, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
A Corcoran, N Hickey, M Barry, C Usher, L M McCullagh
In Ireland, Ivacaftor is reimbursed, on the High-Tech Drug Scheme, for the treatment of cystic fibrosis in patients age 6 years and older who have the G551D mutation. The aim of this study was to analyse the utilisation and expenditure of Ivacaftor on this scheme in the 12 month period post-reimbursement. All patients who had received Ivacaftor (regardless of General Medical Services Scheme eligibility/ineligibility) were included. A total of 140 individuals (male=74; 53%) received Ivacaftor over the defined 12 month study period (from January 2015 to December 2015 inclusive)...
August 12, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
Sarah McCaffrey, Robyn Wilson, Avishek Konar
As climate change has contributed to longer fire seasons and populations living in fire-prone ecosystems increase, wildfires have begun to affect a growing number of people. As a result, interest in understanding the wildfire evacuation decision process has increased. Of particular interest is understanding why some people leave early, some choose to stay and defend their homes, and others wait to assess conditions before making a final decision. Individuals who tend to wait and see are of particular concern given the dangers of late evacuation...
November 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
Teresa Santos, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Celeste Simões, Isabel Leal, Maria do Céu Machado
Background Research on living with a chronic disease (CD) in adolescence is increasing. However, studies on the relevance of psychosocial factors are still needed. The present review, focuses on the impact of living with a CD in adolescence on on quality of life (QoL), health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and psychosocial factors. Methods A literature review of articles identified through PubMed, PsycINFO and PsycARTICLES (these last two ones comprise the Ebsco Host platform) and original peer-reviewed research papers, published between 2010 and 2015, with no restrictions regarding the format/source of interventions, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or types of comparisons were included...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Nezal Azh, Fatemeh Nahidi, Giti Ozgoli, Gelayol Ardalan
Introduction Until now, the services provided to Iranian youth have been prepared based on authorities' perspectives and according to the resources and reports from other countries and international agencies. Using youth perspectives to provide health, however, helps in continuing the process of providing health services, and most young people will receive these services. Objective To explain perception of youth and key individuals to improve health programs for safe transition in Iran. Methodology This study is a qualitative research with a grounded theory approach...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Gregory J Hanson, Bijan J Borah, James P Moriarty, Jeanine E Ransom, James M Naessens, Paul Y Takahashi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Facing penalties for preventable 30-day hospital readmissions, many provider groups have implemented programs to remedy this problem, but the cost efficacy and value of such programs are not well delineated. The objective was to compare total cost of care over 30 days of individuals enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Care Transitions (MCCT) program and individuals not enrolled. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using secondary data analysis of a previously published cohort study...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Nicolas Maring, Pau Farrera, Kutlu Kutluer, Margherita Mazzera, Georg Heinze, Hugues de Riedmatten
Interfacing fundamentally different quantum systems is key to building future hybrid quantum networks. Such heterogeneous networks offer capabilities superior to those of their homogeneous counterparts, as they merge the individual advantages of disparate quantum nodes in a single network architecture. However, few investigations of optical hybrid interconnections have been carried out, owing to fundamental and technological challenges such as wavelength and bandwidth matching of the interfacing photons. Here we report optical quantum interconnection of two disparate matter quantum systems with photon storage capabilities...
November 22, 2017: Nature
Beverly J Tepper, Melania Melis, Yvonne Koelliker, Paolo Gasparini, Karen L Ahijevych, Iole Tomassini Barbarossa
In the last several decades, the genetic ability to taste the bitter compound, 6-n-propyltiouracil (PROP) has attracted considerable attention as a model for understanding individual differences in taste perception, and as an oral marker for food preferences and eating behavior that ultimately impacts nutritional status and health. However, some studies do not support this role. This review describes common factors that can influence the characterization of this phenotype including: (1) changes in taste sensitivity with increasing age; (2) gender differences in taste perception; and (3) effects of smoking and obesity...
November 23, 2017: Nutrients
Michal Segoli, Shucun Sun, Dori E Nava, Jay A Rosenheim
What shapes the relative investment in reproduction vs. survival of organisms is one of the key questions in life history. Proovigenic insects mature all their eggs prior to emergence and are short lived, providing a unique opportunity to quantify their lifetime investments in the different functions. We investigated the initial eggloads and longevity of two proovigenic parasitoid wasps (Anagrus erythroneurae and Anagrus daanei, (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) that develop within leafhopper eggs in both agricultural vineyards and natural riparian habitats in Northern California...
November 23, 2017: Integrative Zoology
Charlotta Lans, Åsa Cider, Eva Nylander, Lars Brudin
AIMS: This study aimed to describe a method of peripheral muscle training with resistance bands in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and to evaluate its effects on the 6 min walk test and quality of life up to 12 months using a home-based programme. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with stable CHF (19 men and 3 women), mean age 63.2 years (SD 8.1), New York Heart Association class II-III were randomized to individual home-based training (HT group), or home-based training with a group-based start-up in a hospital setting (GT group)...
November 23, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
Ivana Mirkov, Aleksandra Popov Aleksandrov, Vesna Subota, Dragan Kataranovski, Milena Kataranovski
Studying wild animal's immunity often use comparison with laboratory-raised individuals. Using such an approach different data were obtained concerning wild Norway rat's immunity. Lower or higher potential of immune system cells to respond to activation stimuli were shown, because of analysis of disparate parameters and/or small number of analyzed individuals. Inconsistent differences between laboratory and wild rats were shown too, owing to great response variability in wild rats. We hypothesized that wild rats will express more intense immune activity compared to laboratory counterparts which live in less demanding environment...
November 23, 2017: Integrative Zoology
M Villalobos, K Coulibaly, K Krug, M Kamradt, M Wensing, A Siegle, J Kuon, C Eschbach, G Tessmer, E Winkler, J Szecsenyi, D Ose, M Thomas
Communication and the care of patients with advanced cancer are a dynamic, interactive and challenging process, often characterised in every day practice by discontinuity and lack of coordination. The objective of this study was to explore the patients' and family-caregivers' needs and preferences regarding communication, quality of life and care over the trajectory of disease. The second aim was to assess health professionals' views on a longitudinally structured, forward-thinking communication approach based on defined milestones...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
Luz Maria De-Regil, Maria Elena D Jefferds, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas
BACKGROUND: Approximately 600 million children of preschool and school age are anaemic worldwide. It is estimated that at least half of the cases are due to iron deficiency. Point-of-use fortification of foods with micronutrient powders (MNP) has been proposed as a feasible intervention to prevent and treat anaemia. It refers to the addition of iron alone or in combination with other vitamins and minerals in powder form, to energy-containing foods (excluding beverages) at home or in any other place where meals are to be consumed...
November 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Marian Hickendorff, Joke Torbeyns, Lieven Verschaffel
We aimed to investigate upper elementary children's strategy use in the domain of multidigit division in two instructional settings: the Netherlands and Flanders (Belgium). A cross-sectional sample of 119 Dutch and 122 Flemish fourth to sixth graders solved a varied set of multidigit division problems. With latent class analysis, three distinct strategy profiles were identified: children consistently using number-based strategies, children combining the use of column-based and number-based strategies, and children combining the use of digit-based and number-based strategies...
November 23, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
Marta Fichna, Piotr Fichna
Glucocorticoids (GCs) play a pivotal role in carbohydrate metabolism. They counteract insulin by decreasing peripheral glucose uptake and stimulating hepatic gluconeogenesis, although they are best known for inducing insulin resistance (IR). Moreover, GCs may attenuate the incretin effect. Nevertheless, their direct impact on beta cells is not fully defined. This review aims to present the current understanding of this subject. Humans exposed to GC excess display IR, impaired glucose tolerance, and eventually develop diabetes...
2017: Endokrynologia Polska
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"