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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718259/counterforce-orthosis-in-the-management-of-lateral-epicondylitis
#1
Daison Varghese Vellilappilly, Heroor Ravindranath Rai, Jaison Varghese, Vishnu Renjith
BACKGROUND: Lateral Epicondylitis (LE), is a condition characterized by the pain and tenderness over the lateral epicondyle of the humerus. LE is commonly seen among people who are involved in sports such as tennis and golf. Any activity that repeatedly overstrains the extensor carpi radialis brevis tendon can lead to LE. The management of lateral epicondylitis generally involves the use of counterforce orthosis. The aim of this review is to summarize the evidence regarding the effectiveness of counterforce orthoses on the clinical outcomes of patients with lateral epicondylitis...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594489/diagnosis-and-management-of-the-biceps-labral-complex
#2
Robert J Thorsness, Anthony A Romeo
The long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) is a common source of pathology. The biceps-labral complex (BLC) is the collective anatomic and clinical features shared by the biceps tendon and the superior labrum. LHBT pathology can be caused by inflammation, instability, or trauma. Numerous tests can be performed to determine the existence of biceps tendon and superior labrum anterior to posterior (SLAP) lesions; however, many of these tests do not have high sensitivity and specificity, which limit their clinical utility...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559670/manual-therapy-and-eccentric-exercise-in-the-management-of-achilles-tendinopathy
#3
Dhinu J Jayaseelan, Michael Kecman, Daniel Alcorn, Josiah D Sault
Chronic Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is an overuse condition seen among runners. Eccentric exercise can decrease pain and improve function for those with chronic degenerative tendon changes; however, some individuals have continued pain requiring additional intervention. While joint mobilization and manipulation has not been studied in the management in Achilles tendinopathy, other chronic tendon dysfunction, such as lateral epicondylalgia, has responded well to manual therapy (MT). Three runners were seen in physical therapy (PT) for chronic AT...
May 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533626/nonhealing-progressive-stress-fractures-of-the-foot-in-a-13-year-old-basketball-player-is-vitamin-k-deficiency-a-risk-factor
#4
Meral Bayramoğlu, Nuray Ünlütürk
[Purpose] To report an adolescent male basketball player with nonhealing stress fractures of the foot and discuss the probable factors. [Subject and Methods] A 13-year-old basketball player presented with right foot pain. He had been playing basketball for three years and practicing 5 days/week. He denied any increase in daily training intensity. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed stress fractures of the cuboid and cuneiform, with mild edema of the soft tissues between the tarsal bones and tenosynovitis of the flexor hallucis and flexor digitorum longi...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459710/cost-minimization-analysis-of-the-management-of-acute-achilles-tendon-rupture
#5
Jeremy N Truntzer, Brian Triana, Alex H S Harris, Laurence Baker, Loretta Chou, Robin N Kamal
BACKGROUND: Outcomes of nonsurgical management of acute Achilles tendon rupture have been demonstrated to be noninferior to those of surgical management. We performed a cost-minimization analysis of surgical and nonsurgical management of acute Achilles tendon rupture. METHODS: We used a claims database to identify patients who underwent surgical (n = 1,979) and nonsurgical (n = 3,065) management of acute Achilles tendon rupture and compared overall costs of treatment (surgical procedure, follow-up care, physical therapy, and management of complications)...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454185/patella-dislocation-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
Sven Höhne, Kristina Gerlach, Lars Irlenbusch, Mathias Schulz, Christian Kunze, Rainer Finke
Introduction Patellar dislocation is one of the commonest knee injuries in adolescents. Although treatment usually leads to good results, the influence of anatomical and functional factors on therapeutic strategy has been underestimated, especially in cases of recurrence. Patients and Methods The course of treatment has been analysed in 88 patients with 136 patellar dislocations. The importance of anatomical conditions was studied using X-ray and MRI findings. The treatment results were critically evaluated in comparison with current recommendations...
April 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400883/rehabilitation-after-rotator-cuff-repair
#7
REVIEW
Ourania Nikolaidou, Stefania Migkou, Christos Karampalis
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are a very common condition that is often incapacitating. Whether non-surgical or surgical, successful management of rotator cuff disease is dependent on appropriate rehabilitation. If conservative management is insufficient, surgical repair is often indicated. Postsurgical outcomes for patients having had rotator cuff repair can be quite good. A successful outcome is much dependent on surgical technique as it is on rehabilitation. Numerous rehabilitation protocols for the management of rotator cuff disease are based primarily on clinical experience and expert opinion...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382186/sonographic-evaluation-of-structural-changes-in-post-stroke-hemiplegic-shoulders
#8
Bukunmi Michael Idowu, Oluwagbemiga Oluwole Ayoola, Victor Adebayo Adetiloye, Morenikeji Adeyoyin Komolafe
BACKGROUND: Stroke and hemiplegia are frequent complications of stroke. This study was performed to sonographically evaluate post-stroke hemiplegic shoulders and explore possible relationship(s) between the sonographic findings and clinical indices. MATERIAL/METHODS: Forty-five stroke patients and 45 age- and sex-matched controls were recruited. Standard sonographic examination of both shoulders was performed to assess for joint subluxation, rotator cuff tears, tendinosis, subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis or effusion and adhesive capsulitis...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222571/the-edurep-approach-plus-manual-therapy-for-the-management-of-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-a-case-report
#9
Francesco Sartorio, Anna Zanetta, Giorgio Ferriero, Elisabetta Bravini, Stefano Vercelli
BACKGROUND: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) is a challenging overuse disorder. The aim of this case report was to study the feasibility of a comprehensive rehabilitative approach according to the Education, Unloading, Reloading, and Prevention (EdUReP) framework combined with Instrument-Augmented Soft Tissue Mobilization (I-ASTM). METHODS: An active 51-year-old man patient with chronic IAT was studied. Clinical assessment battery was composed by visual analogue scale for pain during the Achilles tendon palpation test, passive straight leg raise test, single leg hop test, Patient-Specific Functional Scale, and Foot and Ankle Ability Measure...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217424/joint-mobilization-in-the-management-of-persistent-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-a-case-report
#10
Dhinu J Jayaseelan, Andrew A Post, John J Mischke, Josiah D Sault
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) can be a challenging condition to manage conservatively. Eccentric exercise is commonly used in the management of chronic tendinopathy; however, it may not be as helpful for insertional tendon problems as compared to mid-portion dysfunction. While current evidence describing the physical therapy management of IAT is developing, gaps still exist in descriptions of best practice. The purpose of this case report is to describe the management of a patient with persistent IAT utilizing impairment-based joint mobilization, self-mobilization, and exercise...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168342/spinal-rosai-dorfman-disease-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Haocheng Xu, Fan Zhang, Feizhou Lu, Jianyuan Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy or Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare benign disease of dubious etiology that arises predominantly in lymph nodes with generalized fever and malaise. Isolated intraspinal involvement has its unique characteristics. The purpose of this study is to present the largest series of cases in the spinal Rosai-Dorfman disease literature to increase familiarity with its clinicopathologic features, diagnosis, and treatment of RDD from spine...
May 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145920/successful-treatment-of-gluteal-pain-from-obturator-internus-tendinitis-and-bursitis-with-ultrasound-guided-injection
#12
Boqing Chen, Leia Rispoli, Todd Stitik, Michelle Leong
This case report describes what the authors believe is the first case of a patient with obturator internus tendinitis and bursitis successfully treated with a corticosteroid injection using a trans-tendinous lateral to medial approach. The patient presented with right gluteal pain not relieved by physical therapy or right hip and ischial bursa corticosteroid injections. Pelvic and lumbar spine MRIs and EMG/NCS findings were unremarkable. Physical examination demonstrated tenderness to palpation at the right middle lower gluteal region...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138920/association-between-statin-use-and-prevalence-of-exercise-related-injuries-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-amateur-runners-in-the-netherlands
#13
Esmée A Bakker, Silvie Timmers, Maria T E Hopman, Paul D Thompson, André L M Verbeek, Thijs M H Eijsvogels
BACKGROUND: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) are the first-choice therapy for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Some maintain that statins cause adverse musculoskeletal outcomes in highly active individuals, but few studies have examined the effects of statins on exercise-related injuries. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the prevalence of exercise-related injuries between runners who do or do not use statins. METHODS: Amateur runners (n = 4460) completed an extensive online questionnaire on their exercise patterns and health status...
January 30, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137443/extra-articular-subcutaneous-inverted-king-post-truss-ligament-reconstruction-for-severe-swan-neck-deformity-snapping-finger
#14
X de Soras, P de Mourgues, P Pradel, J-P Urien, E Beaudoin
A swan neck deformity (SND) can be well tolerated for a long time, until the appearance of a disabling "snapping finger". In its most advanced condition, the other hand is needed to initiate finger flexion. We propose a technique of extra-articular, subcutaneous ligament reconstruction with an "inverted king post-truss" configuration use in roofs and to reinforce railway bridges. An artificial ligament (MaxBraid™ polyethylene surgical suture, 5 metric, Biomet) makes a figure of eight between transosseous tunnels in the proximal and middle phalanges, crossing over top of the A3 pulley...
February 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125914/sports-injuries-to-the-latissimus-dorsi-and-teres-major
#15
Benjamin F Donohue, Marc G Lubitz, Timothy E Kremchek
Injuries to the latissimus dorsi and teres major muscles, while rare, are debilitating. They are seen in a variety of sports, although disproportionately in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers. There have been 25 case reports and 2 case series published on the nonoperative and operative management of these injuries. Latissimus dorsi and teres major muscle anatomy, function, and common injury patterns are well described in these case reports. Also well detailed are the typical patient presentation, physical examination, and imaging findings...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018685/coexistence-of-factor-vii-deficiency-and-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-in-two-siblings
#16
Hortensia De la Corte-Rodriguez, E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan, M Teresa Alvarez-Roman, Ana L Hernandez-Moreno
We present the case of two patients aged 12 years and 7 years who were referred to our hospital for factor VII deficiency inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, who had suffered from previous multiple joint haemarthroses. They presented with fine motor symptoms and difficulty in walking. During physical examination we observed neurological symptoms (general hypotonia, muscular hypotrophy, exaggerated tendon reflexes, pes cavus, and spastic gait). Given that the symptoms were not justified by the deficiency of coagulation factor VII and on suspicion of hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), tests were carried out...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018472/concurrency-of-guillain-barre-syndrome-and-acute-transverse-myelitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
Orkun Tolunay, Tamer Çelik, Ümit Çelik, Mustafa Kömür, Zeynep Tanyeli, Abdurrahman Sönmezler
Guillain-Barré syndrome and acute transverse myelitis manifest as demyelinating diseases of the peripheral and central nervous system. Concurrency of these two disorders is rarely documented in literature. A 4-year-old girl presenting with cough, fever, and an impaired walking ability was admitted to hospital. She had no previous complaints in her medical history. A physical examination revealed lack of muscle strength of the lower extremities and deep tendon reflexes. MRI could not be carried out due to technical problems; therefore, both Guillain-Barré syndrome and acute transverse myelitis were considered for the diagnosis...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984215/psychosocial-evaluation-for-first-hand-allotransplantation-in-taiwan
#18
Nien-Mu Chiu, Yur-Ren Kuo, Yu Lee, Chien-Chang Chen
Hand transplantation has raised ethical and psychological concerns. Few studies have focused on reasons for not selecting candidates on waiting lists. To describe the psychosocial evaluation of referred prospective hand transplant candidates, we investigated candidate suitability by using 22-month follow-up data regarding the first hand transplant recipient in Taiwan. Pretransplant psychosocial assessments comprised an interview with 2 psychiatrists, a social worker, and a psychologist, followed by intelligence quotient scoring with the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire...
March 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922288/medial-gastrocnemius-myotendinous-junction-displacement-and-plantar-flexion-strength-in-patients-treated-with-immediate-rehabilitation-after-achilles-tendon-repair
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carlos I De la Fuente, Roberto Peña Y Lillo, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Pablo Ortega-Auriol, Mauricio Delgado, Joel Alvarez-Ruf, Gabriel Carreño
CONTEXT: Pathologic plantar flexion frequently occurs after operative repair of the Achilles tendon (AT) because of immobilization and non-weight bearing in the first weeks of traditional rehabilitation. Novel rehabilitation strategies that apply mobilization and weight bearing have been proposed, but their effects on medial gastrocnemius myotendinous junction displacement (MJD) and isometric plantar-flexion strength (PFS) are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of 12 weeks of immediate versus traditional rehabilitation on MJD and PFS in patients with percutaneous AT repair and to compare AT rupture scores (ATRSs) during follow-up...
December 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830921/postoperative-physical-therapy-program-for-latissimus-dorsi-and-teres-major-tendons-transfer-to-rotator-cuff-in-children-with-obstetrical-brachial-plexus-injury
#20
Yasser A Safoury, Mohamed T Eldesoky, Enas E Abutaleb, Mohamed R Atteya, Ahmed M Gabr
BACKGROUND: The transfer of latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons to rotator cuff have been developed to rebalance the muscular dysfunction and improve shoulder range of motion in children with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy (OBPP). No previous study reported the ideal postoperative physical therapy program for these cases. AIM: The aim of the present study was to design appropriate postoperative physical therapy (PT) program after latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons transfer to rotator cuff in OBPP to improve upper limb function...
April 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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