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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741815/magnetotherapy-the-quest-for-tendon-regeneration
#1
REVIEW
Tamagno Pesqueira, Raquel Costa-Almeida, Manuela E Gomes
Tendons are mechanosensitive tissues that connect and transmit the forces generated by muscles to bones by allowing the conversion of mechanical input into biochemical signals. These physical forces perform the fundamental work of preserving tendon homeostasis assuring body movements. However, overloading causes tissue injuries, which leads us to the field of tendon regeneration. Recently published reviews have broadly shown the use of biomaterials and different strategies to attain tendon regeneration. In this review, our focus is the use of magnetic fields as an alternative therapy, which has demonstrated clinical relevance in tendon medicine because of their ability to modulate cell fate...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724151/physical-microenvironment-based-inducible-scaffold-for-stem-cell-tenogenesis-and-tendon-regeneration
#2
Hong Zhang, Meng-Fei Liu, Ri-Chun Liu, Wei-Liang Shen, Zi Yin, Xiao Chen
Tendon injuries are common musculoskeletal system disorders, but the tendons have poor regeneration ability. To address this issue, tendon tissue engineering provides potential strategies for future therapeutic treatment. Elements of the physical microenvironment, such as the mechanical force and surface topography, play a vital role in regulating stem cell fate, enhancing the differentiation efficiency of seed cells in tendon tissue engineering. Various inducible scaffolds have been widely explored for tendon regeneration, and scaffold-enhancing modifications have been extensively studied...
May 4, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716839/surgical-treatment-and-functional-outcomes-of-multicomponent-soft-tissue-injuries-of-the-wrist
#3
C Demirdover, F A Ozturk, H S Yazgan, N Yogurtcu, M Sevindik, H Vayvada
The aim of this study was to emphasize the importance of early surgical treatment of multicomponent soft tissue injuries of the wrist. A retrospective review was performed on 156 patients with multicomponent soft tissue injuries of the wrist who were treated between July 2007 and July 2015. All the patients included in the study were operated within the first 36hours of the injury and were hospitalized after the surgery based on the extent of their injury. The patients were evaluated in terms of age, gender, etiology, injured structures, total number of damaged structures, mean follow-up time, complications and reoperation...
April 28, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706737/a-rare-case-of-triceps-brachii-injury-after-electrocution
#4
Debora Lana, Luigi Tarallo, Fabio Catani
Injuries of the triceps brachii muscle are a rare entity and mostly concern its distal tendon. These represent the least common of all muscle and tendons injuries. The most common reported causes are repeated strong physical efforts, a fall on an outstretched forearm when a sudden deceleration is put on contract triceps, or a direct trauma. High-dosed and prolonged corticosteroid therapies, repeated local steroid injections, chronic renal failure, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, hyperparathyroidism, and osteogenesis imperfecta are reported as systemic causes...
April 2018: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702048/nerve-transfer-surgery-for-penetrating-upper-extremity-injuries
#5
Efstathios Karamanos, Ilya Rakitin, Sophie Dream, Aamir Siddiqui
CONTEXT: Nerve transfer surgery is an option for repair of penetrating injuries of the upper extremity. In the right setting, it has advantages over tendon transfers and nerve grafting. OBJECTIVE: To review our experience since 2006 of nerve transfer surgery in the upper extremities. DESIGN: We included cases performed to repair penetrating trauma within three months of injury with at least three years' follow-up. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Preoperative and postoperative muscle strength of the affected extremity...
April 9, 2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657450/current-advances-in-the-treatment-of-medial-and-lateral-epicondylitis
#6
REVIEW
Sandip P Tarpada, Matthew T Morris, Jayson Lian, Sina Rashidi
Despite advances elucidating the causes of lateral and medial epicondylitis, the standard of care remains conservative management with NSAIDs, physical therapy, bracing, and rest. Scar tissue formation provoked by conservative management creates a tendon lacking the biomechanical properties and mechanical strength of normal tendon. The following review analyzes novel therapies to regenerate tendon and regain function in patients with epicondylitis. These treatments include PRP injection, BMAC, collagen-producing cell injection, and stem cell treatments...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657436/upper-extremity-weightlifting-injuries-diagnosis-and-management
#7
REVIEW
Kayvon Golshani, Mark E Cinque, Peter O'Halloran, Kenneth Softness, Laura Keeling, J Ryan Macdonell
Common upper extremity injuries in resistance training athletes include muscle strains, ligament sprains, pectoralis major tendon ruptures, distal biceps tendon ruptures, and chronic shoulder pain and capsulolabral injuries. While each injury is unique in its specific anatomic location and mechanism, each is preventable with proper exercise technique, safety and maintenance of muscle balance. Conservative treatment is the therapeutic modality of choice and these injuries generally resolve with workout modification, appropriate recovery, anti-inflammatory medication, and physical therapy...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623750/considerations-in-the-diagnosis-and-accelerated-return-to-sport-of-a-professional-basketball-player-with-a-triceps-surae-injury-a-case-report
#8
Philip A Anloague, Donald S Strack
Study Design Case report. Background Acute injuries of the triceps surae and Achilles tendon are common in sports. Rupture of the plantaris tendon can be challenging to diagnose. There is limited evidence detailing the diagnosis, rehabilitation, and accelerated return to sport of elite professional basketball players who have suffered calf injuries. Case Description A 25-year-old male professional basketball player sustained injury to his calf during a professional basketball game. This case report details the presumptive diagnosis, graduated progression of intervention, and return to play of a professional sports person with a likely isolated plantaris tendon tear...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618326/a-novel-homozygous-mutation-in-polr3a-gene-causing-4h-syndrome-a-case-report
#9
Vishal V Tewari, Ritu Mehta, C M Sreedhar, Kunal Tewari, Akbar Mohammad, Neerja Gupta, Sheffali Gulati, Madhulika Kabra
BACKGROUND: 4H syndrome is a congenital hypomyelinating leukodystrophy characterized by hypodontia, hypomyelination and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism belonging to the Pol III-related leukodystrophies which arise due to mutations in the POLR3A or POLR3B gene. The clinical presentation is of neurodevelopmental delay or regression with ataxia, dystonia, nystagmus, delayed deciduous dentition and abnormal order of eruption of teeth. MRI brain shows a characteristic hypomyelination pattern...
April 4, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610612/the-effectiveness-of-radial-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-for-chronic-achilles-tendinopathy-a-case-report-with-18-months-follow-up
#10
Erieta Dimitrije Nikolikj-Dimitrova, Cvetanka Gjerakaroska-Savevska, Valentina Koevska, Biljana Mitrevska, Marija Gocevska, Maja Manoleva, Biljana Kalchovska-Ivanovska
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a pathological state resulting from repetitive loading or stress on the tendon. The article aims to evaluate the effects of the low - energy radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy (RESWT) in the treatment of the adult with chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy (AT) after the unsuccessful conservative treatment, with 18 months follow - up evaluation. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 55 years - old male suffering from severe right posterior heel pain for 4 months...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599968/partial-avulsion-of-the-ulnaris-lateralis-and-enthesiopathy-of-the-lateral-epicondyle-of-the-humerus-in-a-thoroughbred-race-horse
#11
Neal Ashton
Background: There is relatively little literature on elbow disease in the horse. The only published reports on soft tissue conditions describe collateral ligament and biceps brachii injuries. Case presentation: A three-year old Thoroughbred gelding presented with a history of acute onset right forelimb lameness of less than one week duration, one month after commencing training in a National Hunt racing yard. Physical examination and peri-neural anaesthesia failed to localise the lesion...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580718/burden-of-illness-associated-with-tenosynovial-giant-cell-tumors
#12
Tanya M Burton, Xin Ye, Emily D Parker, Tim Bancroft, John Healey
PURPOSE: Little is known about the burden of illness in patients with tenosynovial giant cell tumors (TGCT), which are rare, typically benign, lesions of the synovial tissue including giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCT-TS) and pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS). The objective of this study was to describe health care resource use and costs for patients with GCT-TS and PVNS, which are rare and typically benign TGCT. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study design was used to analyze administrative claims for adult commercial and Medicare Advantage health plan enrollees with evidence of GCT-TS and PVNS from January 1, 2006 through March 31, 2015...
April 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569063/-arthroscopic-double-row-reconstruction-of-high-grade-subscapularis-tendon-tears
#13
F Plachel, S Pauly, P Moroder, M Scheibel
OBJECTIVE: Reconstruction of tendon integrity to maintain glenohumeral joint centration and hence to restore shoulder functional range of motion and to reduce pain. INDICATIONS: Isolated or combined full-thickness subscapularis tendon tears (≥upper two-thirds of the tendon) without both substantial soft tissue degeneration and cranialization of the humeral head. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Chronic tears of the subscapularis tendon with higher grade muscle atrophy, fatty infiltration, and static decentration of the humeral head...
March 22, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511700/variability-of-united-states-online-rehabilitation-protocols-for-proximal-hamstring-tendon-repair
#14
Harry M Lightsey, David E Kantrowitz, Hasani W Swindell, David P Trofa, Christopher S Ahmad, T Sean Lynch
Background: The optimal postoperative rehabilitation protocol following repair of complete proximal hamstring tendon ruptures is the subject of ongoing investigation, with a need for more standardized regimens and evidence-based modalities. Purpose: To assess the variability across proximal hamstring tendon repair rehabilitation protocols published online by United States (US) orthopaedic teaching programs. Study Design: Cross-sectional study...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493525/current-uses-of-ultrasound-imaging-in-musculoskeletal-rehabilitation
#15
Robert Jopowicz, Małgorzata Jopowicz, Łukasz Czarnocki, Jarosław Michał Deszczyński, Jarosław Deszczyński
The term Rehabilitative Ultrasound Imaging (RUSI) refers to the use of ultrasound imaging by physiothera-pists. Ultrasound is used by physiotherapists to evaluate the morphology of muscles and other associated soft tissues not only at rest but also for a dynamic assessment of those structures during physical activities and tasks. RUSI is most commonly utilized as part of a biofeedback mechanism, which shows good efficacy in lower back pain treatment. Several possibilities have been also described for clinically adapting this method in the rehabilitation of the shoulder and knee and postoperative improvement of tendons...
December 13, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490601/posterior-shoulder-tightness-to-treat-or-not-to-treat
#16
Kevin Hall, John D Borstad
Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal complaint that is difficult to treat because of the biomechanical complexity of the shoulder region, the interplay between mobility and stability, and the vital role played by the shoulder in moving, positioning, and providing stability for hand function. Despite advances in biomechanics and pain science, there is still much to learn about how impairments influence shoulder function and health. One impairment, posterior shoulder tightness (PST), is often noted in individuals with shoulder pain and consequently has generated much discussion and debate in recent years...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489680/miller-fisher-syndrome-complicated-by-bickerstaff-brainstem-encephalitis-a-case-report
#17
Chaoyang Jing, Zhuo Wang, Chaojia Chu, Ming Dong, Weihong Lin
RATIONALE: Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis (BBE) and Miller-Fisher syndrome (MFS) might be a pedigree disease. Herein, we report a rare case that fits the diagnoses of both MFS and BBE. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 48-year-old woman was hospitalized due to blurred vision and unsteady gait lasting for 9 days, and numbness of the limbs lasting for 6 days. Physical examination showed restricted eye movement without nystagmus, bilateral flattening of forehead and nasolabial folds, and positive eyelash sign...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487784/pectoralis-major-muscle-transfer-with-the-sternal-head-and-hamstring-autograft-for-scapular-winging
#18
Antonio Cusano, Nicholas Pagani, Xinning Li
Medial scapular winging is often due to dysfunction of the serratus anterior muscle as a result of injury to the long thoracic nerve. Impairment of the serratus anterior muscle may cause uncoordinated scapulohumeral rhythm during shoulder elevation and subsequent subscapular or shoulder pain, subacromial impingement, and glenohumeral joint instability. Although long thoracic nerve injury typically resolves in 12 to 18 months after a physical therapy regimen, surgical intervention is indicated in patients who fail conservative management...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483986/the-role-of-complex-treatment-in-mixed-leg-ulcers-a-case-report-of-vascular-surgical-and-physical-therapy
#19
Uwe Wollina, Birgit Heinig, Christian Stelzner, Gesina Hansel, Jacqueline Schönlebe, Georgi Tchernev, Torello Lotti
BACKGROUND: Leg ulcers are a burden to patients, their families and society. The second most common cause of chronic leg ulcers is the mixed arterio-venous type. An 80-year-old female patient presented to our department due to painful enlarging chronic leg ulcer of mixed arteriovenous origin on her left lower leg. She suffered from peripheral arterial occlusive disease stage I and chronic venous insufficiency Widmer grade IIIa, and a number of comorbidities. AIM: The aim of our ulcer treatment was a complete and stable wound closure that was hampered by arterial occlusion, exposed tendon, and renal insiffuciency...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451811/role-of-tendoscopy-in-treating-stage-ii-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction
#20
Alessio Bernasconi, Francesco Sadile, Matthew Welck, Nazim Mehdi, Julien Laborde, François Lintz
BACKGROUND: Stage II tibialis posterior tendon dysfunction (PTTD) resistant to conservative therapies is usually treated with invasive surgery. Posterior tibial tendoscopy is a novel technique being used in the assessment and treatment of posterior tibial pathology. The aims of this study were (1) to clarify the role of posterior tibial tendon tendoscopy in treating stage II PTTD, (2) to arthroscopically classify spring ligament lesions, and (3) to compare the arthroscopic assessment of spring ligament lesions with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonographic (US) data...
April 2018: Foot & Ankle International
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