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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400883/rehabilitation-after-rotator-cuff-repair
#1
REVIEW
Ourania Nikolaidou, Stefania Migkou, Christos Karampalis
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are a very common condition that is often incapacitating. Whether non-surgical or surgical, successful management of rotator cuff disease is dependent on appropriate rehabilitation. If conservative management is insufficient, surgical repair is often indicated. Postsurgical outcomes for patients having had rotator cuff repair can be quite good. A successful outcome is much dependent on surgical technique as it is on rehabilitation. Numerous rehabilitation protocols for the management of rotator cuff disease are based primarily on clinical experience and expert opinion...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382186/sonographic-evaluation-of-structural-changes-in-post-stroke-hemiplegic-shoulders
#2
Bukunmi Michael Idowu, Oluwagbemiga Oluwole Ayoola, Victor Adebayo Adetiloye, Morenikeji Adeyoyin Komolafe
BACKGROUND: Stroke and hemiplegia are frequent complications of stroke. This study was performed to sonographically evaluate post-stroke hemiplegic shoulders and explore possible relationship(s) between the sonographic findings and clinical indices. MATERIAL/METHODS: Forty-five stroke patients and 45 age- and sex-matched controls were recruited. Standard sonographic examination of both shoulders was performed to assess for joint subluxation, rotator cuff tears, tendinosis, subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis or effusion and adhesive capsulitis...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222571/the-edurep-approach-plus-manual-therapy-for-the-management-of-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-a-case-report
#3
Francesco Sartorio, Anna Zanetta, Giorgio Ferriero, Elisabetta Bravini, Stefano Vercelli
BACKGROUND: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) is a challenging overuse disorder. The aim of this case report was to study the feasibility of a comprehensive rehabilitative approach according to the Education, Unloading, Reloading, and Prevention (EdUReP) framework combined with Instrument-Augmented Soft Tissue Mobilization (I-ASTM). METHODS: An active 51-year-old man patient with chronic IAT was studied. Clinical assessment battery was composed by visual analogue scale for pain during the Achilles tendon palpation test, passive straight leg raise test, single leg hop test, Patient-Specific Functional Scale, and Foot and Ankle Ability Measure...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217424/joint-mobilization-in-the-management-of-persistent-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-a-case-report
#4
Dhinu J Jayaseelan, Andrew A Post, John J Mischke, Josiah D Sault
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) can be a challenging condition to manage conservatively. Eccentric exercise is commonly used in the management of chronic tendinopathy; however, it may not be as helpful for insertional tendon problems as compared to mid-portion dysfunction. While current evidence describing the physical therapy management of IAT is developing, gaps still exist in descriptions of best practice. The purpose of this case report is to describe the management of a patient with persistent IAT utilizing impairment-based joint mobilization, self-mobilization, and exercise...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168342/spinal-rosai-dorfman-disease-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Haocheng Xu, Fan Zhang, Feizhou Lu, Jianyuan Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy or Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare benign disease of dubious etiology that arises predominantly in lymph nodes with generalized fever and malaise. Isolated intraspinal involvement has its unique characteristics. The purpose of this study is to present the largest series of cases in the spinal Rosai-Dorfman disease literature to increase familiarity with its clinicopathologic features, diagnosis, and treatment of RDD from spine...
February 6, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145920/successful-treatment-of-gluteal-pain-from-obturator-internus-tendinitis-and-bursitis-with-ultrasound-guided-injection
#6
Boqing Chen, Leia Rispoli, Todd Stitik, Michelle Leong
This case report describes what the authors believe is the first case of a patient with obturator internus tendinitis and bursitis successfully treated with a corticosteroid injection using a trans-tendinous lateral to medial approach. The patient presented with right gluteal pain not relieved by physical therapy or right hip and ischial bursa corticosteroid injections. Pelvic and lumbar spine MRIs and EMG/NCS findings were unremarkable. Physical examination demonstrated tenderness to palpation at the right middle lower gluteal region...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138920/association-between-statin-use-and-prevalence-of-exercise-related-injuries-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-amateur-runners-in-the-netherlands
#7
Esmée A Bakker, Silvie Timmers, Maria T E Hopman, Paul D Thompson, André L M Verbeek, Thijs M H Eijsvogels
BACKGROUND: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) are the first-choice therapy for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Some maintain that statins cause adverse musculoskeletal outcomes in highly active individuals, but few studies have examined the effects of statins on exercise-related injuries. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the prevalence of exercise-related injuries between runners who do or do not use statins. METHODS: Amateur runners (n = 4460) completed an extensive online questionnaire on their exercise patterns and health status...
January 30, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137443/extra-articular-subcutaneous-inverted-king-post-truss-ligament-reconstruction-for-severe-swan-neck-deformity-snapping-finger
#8
X de Soras, P de Mourgues, P Pradel, J-P Urien, E Beaudoin
A swan neck deformity (SND) can be well tolerated for a long time, until the appearance of a disabling "snapping finger". In its most advanced condition, the other hand is needed to initiate finger flexion. We propose a technique of extra-articular, subcutaneous ligament reconstruction with an "inverted king post-truss" configuration use in roofs and to reinforce railway bridges. An artificial ligament (MaxBraid™ polyethylene surgical suture, 5 metric, Biomet) makes a figure of eight between transosseous tunnels in the proximal and middle phalanges, crossing over top of the A3 pulley...
February 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125914/sports-injuries-to-the-latissimus-dorsi-and-teres-major
#9
Benjamin F Donohue, Marc G Lubitz, Timothy E Kremchek
Injuries to the latissimus dorsi and teres major muscles, while rare, are debilitating. They are seen in a variety of sports, although disproportionately in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers. There have been 25 case reports and 2 case series published on the nonoperative and operative management of these injuries. Latissimus dorsi and teres major muscle anatomy, function, and common injury patterns are well described in these case reports. Also well detailed are the typical patient presentation, physical examination, and imaging findings...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018685/coexistence-of-factor-vii-deficiency-and-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-in-two-siblings
#10
Hortensia De la Corte-Rodriguez, E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan, M Teresa Alvarez-Roman, Ana L Hernandez-Moreno
We present the case of two patients aged 12 years and 7 years who were referred to our hospital for factor VII deficiency inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, who had suffered from previous multiple joint haemarthroses. They presented with fine motor symptoms and difficulty in walking. During physical examination we observed neurological symptoms (general hypotonia, muscular hypotrophy, exaggerated tendon reflexes, pes cavus, and spastic gait). Given that the symptoms were not justified by the deficiency of coagulation factor VII and on suspicion of hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), tests were carried out...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018472/concurrency-of-guillain-barre-syndrome-and-acute-transverse-myelitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#11
Orkun Tolunay, Tamer Çelik, Ümit Çelik, Mustafa Kömür, Zeynep Tanyeli, Abdurrahman Sönmezler
Guillain-Barré syndrome and acute transverse myelitis manifest as demyelinating diseases of the peripheral and central nervous system. Concurrency of these two disorders is rarely documented in literature. A 4-year-old girl presenting with cough, fever, and an impaired walking ability was admitted to hospital. She had no previous complaints in her medical history. A physical examination revealed lack of muscle strength of the lower extremities and deep tendon reflexes. MRI could not be carried out due to technical problems; therefore, both Guillain-Barré syndrome and acute transverse myelitis were considered for the diagnosis...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984215/psychosocial-evaluation-for-first-hand-allotransplantation-in-taiwan
#12
Nien-Mu Chiu, Yur-Ren Kuo, Yu Lee, Chien-Chang Chen
Hand transplantation has raised ethical and psychological concerns. Few studies have focused on reasons for not selecting candidates on waiting lists. To describe the psychosocial evaluation of referred prospective hand transplant candidates, we investigated candidate suitability by using 22-month follow-up data regarding the first hand transplant recipient in Taiwan. Pretransplant psychosocial assessments comprised an interview with 2 psychiatrists, a social worker, and a psychologist, followed by intelligence quotient scoring with the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire...
March 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922288/medial-gastrocnemius-myotendinous-junction-displacement-and-plantar-flexion-strength-in-patients-treated-with-immediate-rehabilitation-after-achilles-tendon-repair
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carlos I De la Fuente, Roberto Peña Y Lillo, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Pablo Ortega-Auriol, Mauricio Delgado, Joel Alvarez-Ruf, Gabriel Carreño
CONTEXT: Pathologic plantar flexion frequently occurs after operative repair of the Achilles tendon (AT) because of immobilization and non-weight bearing in the first weeks of traditional rehabilitation. Novel rehabilitation strategies that apply mobilization and weight bearing have been proposed, but their effects on medial gastrocnemius myotendinous junction displacement (MJD) and isometric plantar-flexion strength (PFS) are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of 12 weeks of immediate versus traditional rehabilitation on MJD and PFS in patients with percutaneous AT repair and to compare AT rupture scores (ATRSs) during follow-up...
December 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830921/post-operative-physical-therapy-program-for-latissimus-dorsi-and-teres-major-tendons-transfer-to-rotator-cuff-in-children-with-obstetrical-brachial-plexus-injury
#14
Yasser A Safoury, Mohamed Eldesoky, Enas E Abutaleb, Mohamed Raafat, Ahmed M Gaber
BACKGROUND: The transfer latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons to rotator cuff have been developed to rebalance the muscular dysfunction and improve shoulder range of motion in children with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy (OBPP). No previous study reported the ideal postoperative physical therapy program for these cases. AIM: The aim of the present study was to design appropriate postoperative physical therapy (PT) program after latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons transfer to rotator cuff in OBPP to improve upper limb function...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798714/patellar-sleeve-fracture-with-ossification-of-the-patellar-tendon
#15
Derek S Damrow, Scott E Van Valin
Patellar sleeve fractures make up greater than 50% of all patellar fractures. They are essentially only seen in the pediatric population because of the thick periosteum and the distal patellar pole apophysis in this group. These fractures can lead to complications if not treated appropriately and in a timely fashion. Complications of missed or untreated patellar sleeve fractures include patella alta, anterior knee pain, and quadriceps atrophy. These can all result in severe limitations in activity. The authors describe a case of a 16-year-old boy who sustained a patellar sleeve fracture 3 years prior to presentation...
October 31, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796190/postoperative-physical-therapy-management-of-tendon-transfer-for-digital-wrist-extension-due-to-multifocal-motor-neuropathy
#16
Steve Volpe
Study Design Case report. Background Multifocal motor neuropathy is a progressive motor nerve disorder characterized by muscle weakness in the extremities. Muscle imbalance and weakness can become so severe that the involved extremity can be rendered nonfunctional. The purpose of this case report is to describe the physical therapy postoperative management of a patient who underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digital/wrist extension of the right upper extremity. Case Description A 38-year-old woman with a medical diagnosis of multifocal motor neuropathy, which caused muscle imbalance and weakness in the right hand, underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digit and wrist extension...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703426/further-research-is-needed-to-define-the-benefits-of-non-operative-rotator-cuff-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Cynthia A Kahlenberg, David M Dare, Joshua S Dines
Kukkonen et al.'s "Treatment of Nontraumatic Rotator Cuff Tears: A Randomized Controlled Trial with Two Years of Clinical and Imaging Follow-up" compared the efficacy of physical therapy, acromioplasty, and rotator cuff repair for the treatment of degenerative supraspinatus tendon tears in patients aged over 55. This review examines the authors' findings and their implications on clinical practice. Kukkonen et al. reported no significant difference in clinical outcome among patients treated operatively versus non-operatively for degenerative rotator cuff tears...
October 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682278/histological-and-biochemical-evidence-related-to-the-collagen-quality-in-torn-rotator-cuff-tendons
#18
S E Varitimidis, Z H Dailiana, D Christou, K Grafanaki, M G Ioannou, C Stathopoulos, K N Malizos
This study investigates the histological background of torn rotator cuff tendons, evaluates the stability of newly synthesized collagen by measuring the hydro-xyproline content and attempts to correlate these findings with the clinical outcome after reconstruction of the rotator cuff. Sixty-one patients underwent reconstruction for a -rotator cuff tear. They were evaluated preoperatively with the Constant-Murley score, MRI and ultrasound. Biopsy samples were taken from chronic rotator cuff tears and histological analysis was performed...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668218/the-use-of-adipose-derived-progenitor-cells-and-platelet-rich-plasma-combination-for-the-treatment-of-supraspinatus-tendinopathy-in-55-dogs-a-retrospective-study
#19
Sherman O Canapp, Debra A Canapp, Victor Ibrahim, Brittany Jean Carr, Catherine Cox, Jennifer G Barrett
OBJECTIVE: To report clinical findings and outcomes for 55 dogs with supraspinatus tendinopathy (ST) treated with adipose-derived progenitor cells and platelet-rich plasma (ADPC-PRP) therapy. METHODS: Medical records of client-owned dogs diagnosed with ST that were treated with ADPC-PRP combination therapy were reviewed from 2006 to 2013. Data collected included signalment, medical history, limb involvement, prior treatments, physical and orthopedic examination, objective temporospatial gait analysis findings, diagnostic imaging results (radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, musculoskeletal ultrasonography), arthroscopy findings, and outcome...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663032/clinics-in-diagnostic-imaging-170
#20
Mohammad Taufik Bin Mohamed Shah, Bak Siew Steven Wong
A 30-year-old woman presented with a six-month history of left posterior heel pain. Physical examination revealed a tender, inflamed and indurated posterior heel with a visible bony prominence of the posterosuperior aspect of the calcaneus. Lateral ankle radiography showed a prominent left posterosuperior calcaneal tuberosity and thickening of the distal Achilles tendon outline. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated high-signal inflammatory fluid in the retrocalcaneal bursa, increased signal intensity and thickening of the Achilles tendon, and prominence of the posterior calcaneus tuberosity with reactive marrow oedema...
September 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
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