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Tonsillectomy complications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670412/the-effect-of-tonsillectomy-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Lauren K Reckley, Camilo Fernandez-Salvador, Macario Camacho
Objective: Tonsillectomy with adenoidectomy is a combination surgery that has been used to treat pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). For adults, tonsillectomy has also been reported as a primary treatment modality when the tissue is hypertrophied. The objective of this study is to provide an overview of published systematic reviews and meta-analyses of tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy as used in the treatment of OSA in children and adults. Data sources: Nine databases, including PubMed/MEDLINE...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628777/a-study-on-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-combining-dental-surgery-with-tonsillectomy-in-pediatrics
#2
Faizaan Syed, Joshua C Uffman, Dmitry Tumin, Catherine M Flaitz, Joseph D Tobias, Vidya T Raman
Purpose: Few data exist on combining pediatric surgical procedures under a single general anesthetic encounter (general anesthesia). We compared perioperative outcomes of combining dental surgical procedures with tonsillectomy during one anesthetic vs separate encounters. Methods: We classified elective tonsillectomy ± adenoidectomy and restorative dentistry as combined (group C) or separate (group S). Outcomes included anesthesia time, recovery duration, the need for overnight hospital stay, and postoperative complications...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609841/the-safety-and-risk-factors-of-revision-adenoidectomy-in-children-and-adolescents-a-nationwide-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Dai-Lou Lin, Chuan-Song Wu, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Ting-Yu Kuo, Tzong-Yang Tu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety of adenoidectomy and risk factors of re-adenoidectomy, and intend to provide evidence-based information to clinicians for further consideration. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study was based on data obtained from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database from the period 2002-2011. We utilized that data from the hospitalization group and collected information regarding those individuals who accepted adenoidectomy with or without tonsillectomy and post-adenoidectomy bleeding...
March 30, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605366/population-based-survey-of-inpatient-pediatric-tonsillectomy-and-postoperative-hemorrhage-in-taiwan-1997-2012
#4
Wan-Yi Hsueh, Wei-Chung Hsu, Jenq-Yuh Ko, Te-Huei Yeh, Chia-Hsuan Lee, Kun-Tai Kang
OBJECTIVE: Tonsil surgery in children is a common surgical procedure, and is mostly performed as an inpatient procedure in Taiwan. This study elucidates the epidemiology and postoperative hemorrhage of inpatient tonsillectomies in Taiwanese children. METHODS: This study used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for analysis. From 1997 to 2012, all in-hospital children (aged <18 years) who underwent tonsillectomies were identified through the International Codes of Diseases (9th Revision)...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574597/reducing-post-tonsillectomy-haemorrhage-rates-through-a-quality-improvement-project-using-a-swedish-national-quality-register-a-case-study
#5
Erik Odhagen, Ola Sunnergren, Anne-Charlotte Hessén Söderman, Johan Thor, Joacim Stalfors
PURPOSE: Tonsillectomy (TE) is one of the most frequently performed ENT surgical procedures. Post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage (PTH) is a potentially life-threatening complication of TE. The National Tonsil Surgery Register in Sweden (NTSRS) has revealed wide variations in PTH rates among Swedish ENT centres. In 2013, the steering committee of the NTSRS, therefore, initiated a quality improvement project (QIP) to decrease the PTH incidence. The aim of the present study was to describe and evaluate the multicentre QIP initiated to decrease PTH rates...
March 24, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573428/the-effect-of-postoperative-steroids-on-post-tonsillectomy-pain-and-need-for-postoperative-physician-contact
#6
Andrew J Redmann, Matthew Maksimoski, Cheryl Brumbaugh, Stacey L Ishman
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Examine the effect of postoperative steroids on postoperative physician contacts and determine the hemorrhage rate for patients taking postoperative steroids. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of children undergoing tonsillectomies before and after the institution of a standard postoperative course of three doses of dexamethasone (0.5 mg/kg). Tylenol and ibuprofen were also used for all patients, with oxycodone given as a rescue medication for children ≥6 years of age...
March 24, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570108/intra-operative-lidocaine-in-the-prevention-of-vomiting-after-elective-tonsillectomy-in-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Ghislaine C Echevarría, Fernando R Altermatt, Sebastian Paredes, Valentina Puga, Hernán Auad, Ana M Veloso, María F Elgueta
BACKGROUND: Postoperative vomiting (POV) is a frequent complication of tonsillectomy in children. In adult patients undergoing abdominal surgeries, the use of intravenous lidocaine infusion can prevent POV. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anti-emetic effect of an intravenous lidocaine infusion used as an adjuvant to general anaesthesia, in children undergoing elective ear, nose and throat surgery. DESIGN: Double-blind, randomised, controlled study...
May 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543971/association-between-age-and-weight-as-risk-factors-for-complication-after-tonsillectomy-in-healthy-children
#8
Claire M Lawlor, Charles A Riley, John M Carter, Kimsey H Rodriguez
Importance: The 1996 Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Inpatient Guidelines of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Pediatric Otolaryngology Committee recommended that children younger than 3 years be admitted following tonsillectomy. Recommendations for hospital observation were not included as a key action statement in the 2011 AAO-HNS Clinical Practice Guidelines for Tonsillectomy in Children. Objective: To examine the association between posttonsillectomy complication rate and the age and weight of the child at the time of surgery...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501287/nationwide-readmissions-after-tonsillectomy-among-pediatric-patients-united-states
#9
Romaine F Johnson, Andrew Chang, Ron B Mitchell
OBJECTIVES: 1) Investigate incidence and predictors of readmissions after tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy (T&A) in children. 2) Identify factors that may predict readmission. SETTINGS: Nationwide cross-sectional survey of US hospital admissions. SUBJECTS: and Methods: The 2013 Nationwide Readmission Database (NRD) was used to examine all-cause readmissions within 30 days of T&A in children (age <18 years). Logistic regression was used to analyze the associations of demographics, diagnosis, insurance status, length of index stay, and median household income with readmission...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498972/comparing-the-efficacy-of-peritonsillar-injection-of-tramadol-with-honey-in-controlling-post-tonsillectomy-pain-in-adults
#10
Maryam Hatami, Mahdieh Mirjalili, Vida Ayatollahi, Sedighe Vaziribozorg, Vahid Zand
INTRODUCTION: The authors investigated the effect of honey on post-tonsillectomy pain and compare its efficacy with tramadol. METHODS: This clinical trial was performed on 60 patients with American Society of Anesthesia I and II aged between 18 and 55 years and underwent tonsillectomy. Induction of anesthesia was carried out using 2 mg/kg propofol and 0.5 atracurium following 1.5 μg/kg fentanyl administration. Group B was given tramadol at dose of 2 mg/kg and with volume of 4 mL and Group A was given normal saline with the same volume 2 mL of medications were injected using needle (25) into tonsil bed and anterior old of each tonsil by an anesthesiologist...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484925/comparison-of-pediatric-intracapsular-tonsillectomy-and-extracapsular-tonsillectomy-a-cost-and-utility-decision-analysis
#11
Grace Baik, Scott E Brietzke
Objectives To use decision analysis modeling to compare utility and cost outcomes of intracapsular tonsillectomy (ICT) and extracapsular tonsillectomy (ECT). To use sensitivity analysis to determine the most important factors influencing outcomes favoring one surgical method versus another. Study Design Decision analysis model. Setting Hypothetical cohort. Subjects and Methods A decision analysis model was created with computer software comparing the results of ICT and ECT. The model featured complications with completion tonsillectomy, such as postsurgical bleed, dehydration, and tonsillar regrowth...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473252/transoral-radical-tonsillectomy-and-retropharyngeal-lymph-node-dissection-with-a-flexible-next-generation-robotic-surgical-system
#12
Raymond K Tsang, Eddy W Y Wong, Jason Y K Chan
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the use of a novel flexible, single-arm robot in performing a transoral radical tonsillectomy and retropharyngeal lymph node dissection. METHODS: A 63-year-old man with a T1N2bM0 (American Joint Committee on Cancer seventh edition classification) squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the left tonsil underwent a transoral robotic radical tonsillectomy and retropharyngeal lymph node dissection, followed by a left selective neck dissection of levels I to IV...
February 23, 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469742/unique-urticarial-presentation-of-minocycline-induced-lupus-erythematosus
#13
Ashley K Clark, Vivian Y Shi, Raja K Sivamani
The association between guttate psoriasis and infection with group A Streptococcus (GAS) has been well established in the medical literature. However, responses to treatments aimed at GAS eradication such as systemic antibiotics or tonsillectomy are inconsistent. Further complicating treatment recommendations for a disease with a suspected microbial trigger, the standard therapy for severe psoriasis is with systemic immunosuppressant medications. This case report illustrates the role of GAS as a trigger for acute onset severe psoriasis in a child whose skin disease initially worsened with a trial of methotrexate...
August 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447891/parents-experiences-managing-their-child-s-complicated-postoperative-recovery
#14
Mary Purcell, Julie Longard, Jill Chorney, Paul Hong
OBJECTIVE: Tonsillectomy is commonly performed as same-day surgery and parents are heavily relied upon for management of children's postoperative recovery. The objective of this study was to provide an in-depth description of the experiences parents face when managing their child's complicated postoperative recoveries at home. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study at an academic pediatric hospital in Eastern Canada was performed. Participants included 12 parents of children aged 3-6 years who underwent adeno/tonsillectomy and experienced unexpected outcomes or complications during the postoperative recovery period...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447819/lingual-tonsillectomy-in-children-with-down-syndrome-is-it-safe
#15
Jonathan R Skirko, Emily L Jensen, Norman R Friedman
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate peri-operative course and morbidity in children with Down syndrome (DS) who underwent a lingual tonsillectomy (LT) for residual obstructive sleep apnea (rOSA). METHODS: Retrospective case series for children with DS who underwent LT for rOSA from April 2011 to July 2016. Our primary outcomes were length of stay, readmission and complications. Surgical effectiveness was evaluated by change in the obstructive apnea-hypopnea-index(OAHI) and oxygen saturation nadir...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444800/uncommon-but-potential-life-threatening-complication-after-tonsillectomy-post-tonsillectomy-cervicofacial-surgical-emphysema
#16
Ashraf Nabeel Mahmood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387658/subcutaneous-emphysema-as-a-complication-of-tonsillectomy-a-systematic-literature-review-and-case-report
#17
REVIEW
Panagiotis Saravakos, Margaritis Taxeidis, Ioannis Kastanioudakis, Oliver Reichel
Introduction: Subcutaneous and mediastinal emphysema is a rare complication after tonsillectomy. This case presentation and literature review summarizes the existing literature on this unusual complication. Materials and Methods: This study presents a case of a 21-year-old man who developed a cervical subcutaneous emphysema 6 days after tonsillectomy, whereby conservative treatment produced spontaneous resolution. A proper analysis of this case also required undertaking a systematic search in MEDLINE/PubMed and SCOPUS electronic databases concerning this rare complication, without language restrictions...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343999/targeted-treatment-with-radio-frequency-ablation-for-lingual-tonsil
#18
Suvi Renkonen, Antti A Mäkitie, Leif Bäck
Objectives: Benign enlargement of the lingual tonsils due to various causes may cause symptoms that warrant treatment. Conventional lingual tonsillectomy remains a challenging procedure, and there is no established standard procedure. We aimed to review the patients receiving different methods of lingual tonsil surgery for various indications at our institute. Methods: Retrospective clinical data on all patients with an ablative operation of the tongue base during the 8-year period between 2007 and 2014 at the Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland, were reviewed...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343232/intravenous-dexmedetomidine-pre-medication-reduces-the-required-minimum-alveolar-concentration-of-sevoflurane-for-smooth-tracheal-extubation-in-anesthetized-children-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Meiqin Di, Zhuqing Yang, Dansi Qi, Hongyan Lai, Junzheng Wu, Huacheng Liu, Xuefei Ye, Wangning ShangGuan, Qingquan Lian, Jun Li
BACKGROUND: It has been known that Dexmedetomidine pre-medication enhances the effects of volatile anesthetics, reduces the need of sevoflurane, and facilitates smooth extubation in anesthetized children. This present study was designed to determine the effects of different doses of intravenous dexmedetomidine pre-medication on minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane for smooth tracheal extubation (MACEX ) in anesthetized children. METHODS: A total of seventy-five pediatric patients, aged 3-7 years, ASA physical status I and II, and undergoing tonsillectomy were randomized to receive intravenous saline (Group D0 ), dexmedetomidine 1 μg∙kg-1 (Group D1 ), or dexmedetomidine 2 μg∙kg-1 (Group D2 ) approximately 10 min before anesthesia start...
January 17, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314032/reducing-rates-of-operative-intervention-for-pediatric-post-tonsillectomy-hemorrhage
#20
Rachel L Whelan, Amber Shaffer, Martin E Anderson, Jessica Hsu, Noel Jabbour
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The aims of this study were to determine the frequency of rebleeding in patients admitted for observation after presentation for nonactive hemorrhage in the post-tonsillectomy period, compare rebleeding rates between patients managed with observation versus initial operative control, and describe the complication profile associated with observation as a management strategy for post-tonsillectomy bleeding. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with retrospective review of patients...
January 4, 2018: Laryngoscope
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