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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656214/study-of-virulence-factor-of-candida-species-in-oral-lesions-and-its-association-with-potentially-malignant-and-malignant-lesions
#1
Graciela Del Valle Castillo, Silvia López de Blanc, Claudia Elena Sotomayor, Ana Isabel Azcurra
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the association between malignant and premalignant lesions and the virulence factor profile of Candida spp. recovered from different oral lesions. DESIGN: Candida spp. isolated from malignant lesions (squamous cell carcinoma, OC, n = 25), atypical lichen planus (AL, n = 11), chronic candidiasis (CC, n = 25), and asymptomatic carriers (WI, n = 15, control strains.) Isolates were identified in chromogenic medium, colony morphology and biochemical tests...
February 19, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574296/novel-prodrug-prx-p4-003-selectively-activated-by-gut-enzymes-may-reduce-the-risk-of-iatrogenic-addiction-and-abuse
#2
Sandeep T Patil, Ron H Bihovsky, Steven A Smith, William Z Potter, Valentino J Stella
OBJECTIVES: Prescription stimulants are vulnerable to oral and parenteral abuse. Intravenous forms of abuse may be most detrimental due to an enhanced risk of dependence, overdose, and infectious diseases. Our objective was to discover an orally active prodrug of a stimulant that would not be easily converted to its parent when injected, thus hindering intravenous abuse. METHODS: Following an initial analysis of stimulant structures, the fencamfamine isomer [(-)-FCF; (N-ethyl-3-phenylbicyclo[2...
March 2, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573455/comparative-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-effects-of-chlorpyrifos-oxon-in-the-outbred-cd-1-mouse-mus-musculus-and-great-plains-toad-anaxyrus-cognatus
#3
Tim Anderson, Jing Liu, Scott McMurry, Carey Pope
We compared biochemical, functional and behavioral responses to the organophosphorus anticholinesterase chlorpyrifos oxon (CPO) in mice (Mus musculus, CD-1) and toads (Anaxyrus cognatus, Great Plains toad). Toads were substantially less sensitive to acute lethality of CPO based on the maximum tolerated (nonlethal) dose (MTD: toads, 77 mg/kg; mice, 5.9 mg/kg). Sublethal exposures led to classical signs of toxicity (increased involuntary movements, autonomic secretions) in mice, but hypo-activity in toads...
March 24, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569766/lysosomal-acid-lipase-promotes-cholesterol-ester-metabolism-and-drives-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-progression
#4
Jun Wang, Mingyue Tan, Jifu Ge, Ping Zhang, Jie Zhong, Le Tao, Qiong Wang, Xuemei Tong, Jianxin Qiu
OBJECTIVES: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is characterized histologically by accumulation of cholesterol esters, cholesterol and other neutral lipids. Lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) is a critical enzyme involved in the cholesterol ester metabolism. Here, we sought to determine whether LAL could orchestrate metabolism of cholesterol esters in order to promote ccRCC progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quantitative reverse-transcription PCR and western blots were conducted to assess the expression of LAL in human ccRCC tissues...
March 23, 2018: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558826/diabetes-mellitus-secondary-to-pancreatic-diseases-type-3c-the-effect-of-smoking-on-the-exocrine-endocrine-interactions-of-the-pancreas
#5
Mariola Śliwińska-Mossoń, Stanisław Milnerowicz, Halina Milnerowicz
The present study was conducted to ascertain how cigarette smoke affects the exocrine-endocrine interactions of the human pancreas with diabetes mellitus secondary to pancreatic diseases (type 3c). Blood has been collected from smoking and non-smoking healthy individuals as well as from patients with diagnosed chronic pancreatitis and diabetes type 3c. The concentrations of interleukin-6, endothelin-1 and insulin in the plasma were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests. The activities of amylase and lipase in the serum, as well as the lipid profile, creatinine, uric acid and urea concentrations, were measured using colorimetric methods...
March 1, 2018: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549314/adipokinetic-hormone-signaling-determines-dietary-fatty-acid-preference-through-maintenance-of-hemolymph-fatty-acid-composition-in-the-cricket-gryllus-bimaculatus
#6
Keisuke Fukumura, Takahiro Konuma, Yusuke Tsukamoto, Shinji Nagata
Adipokinetic hormone (AKH), an analog of mammalian glucagon, functions in supplying the required energy by releasing lipids and carbohydrates from the fat body into the hemolymph. Our previous study showed that AKH receptor (AKHR) knockdown in the two-spotted cricket Gryllus bimaculatus decreased hemolymph lipid levels and increased its feeding frequency. To reveal underlying mechanisms by which AKH signaling modulates lipid homeostasis, we analyzed the fatty acid composition as the lipid structure in the crickets...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548925/fluorescent-microplate-assay-method-for-high-throughput-detection-of-lipase-transesterification-activity
#7
Jianyong Zheng, Wei Wei, Xing Lan, Yinjun Zhang, Zhao Wang
This study describes a sensitive and fluorescent microplate assay method to detect lipase transesterification activity. Lipase-catalyzed transesterification between butyryl 4-methyl umbelliferone (Bu-4-Mu) and methanol in tert-butanol was selected as the model reaction. The release of 4-methylumbelliferone (4-Mu) in the reaction was determined by detecting the fluorescence intensity at λex 330 nm and λem 390 nm. Several lipases were used to investigate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method...
March 13, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541373/stereochemical-structure-activity-relationship-studies-s-sar-of-tetrahydrolipstatin
#8
Xiaofan Liu, Yanping Wang, Richard I Duclos, George A O'Doherty
Tetrahydrolipstatin (THL), its enantiomer, and an additional six diastereomers were evaluated as inhibitors of the hydrolysis of p -nitrophenyl butyrate by porcine pancreatic lipase. IC50 s were found for all eight stereoisomers ranging from a low of 4.0 nM for THL to a high of 930 nM for the diastereomer with the inverted stereocenters at the 2,3,2'-positions. While the enantiomer of THL was also significantly less active (77 nM) the remaining five stereoisomers retained significant inhibitory activities (IC50 s = 8...
March 8, 2018: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528965/evaluation-of-different-drug-classes-on-transient-sciatic-nerve-injury-depressed-marble-burying-in-mice
#9
Jenny L Wilkerson, Zachary A Curry, Pamela D Kinlow, Brittany L Mason, Ku-Lung Hsu, Mario van der Stelt, Benjamin F Cravatt, Aron H Lichtman
A great need exists for the identification of new effective analgesics to treat sustained pain. However, most preclinical nociceptive assays measure behavioral responses evoked by noxious stimuli (i.e., pain-stimulated behavior), which presents a challenge to distinguish between motor impairing and antinociceptive effects of drugs. Here, we demonstrate that chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve (CCI) elicits common pain-stimulated responses (i.e., mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia) as well as reduces marble burying/digging behaviors that occur during the early stages of the neuropathy and resolve within one week...
March 8, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518093/selection-and-characterization-of-probiotic-lactic-acid-bacteria-and-its-impact-on-growth-nutrient-digestibility-health-and-antioxidant-status-in-weaned-piglets
#10
Runjun Dowarah, Ashok Kumar Verma, Neeta Agarwal, Putan Singh, Bhoj Raj Singh
The present study was aimed to develop an effective probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from piglet feces and in vitro characterization of probiotic properties. To confirm host-species specificity of probiotics, the efficacy of isolated LAB on growth, nutrient utilization, health and antioxidant status was observed in early weaned piglets. A total of 30 LAB were isolated from feces of five healthy piglets (28d old). All isolates were Gram positive, cocco-bacilli and catalase negative. Out of thirty LAB isolates, twenty were shortlisted on the basis of their tolerance to pH (3...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511434/augmenter-of-liver-regeneration-alr-regulates-acute-pancreatitis-via-inhibiting-hmgb1-tlr4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#11
Long-Fei Pan, Lei Yu, Li-Ming Wang, Jun-Tao He, Jiang-Li Sun, Xiao-Bo Wang, Hai Wang, Zheng-Hai Bai, Hui Feng, Hong-Hong Pei
This research aimed to explore the effect of augmenter of liver regeneration (ALR) in acute pancreatitis (AP) of mice and the underlying mechanism. Caerulein were given to mice to get AP models. AP mice were given saline, ALR plasmids or negative control plasmids. Then, pancreas tissues were fixed and stained for histological examination. The levels of serum amylase, serum lipase, MPO, HMGB1, TNF-α, IL-1β as well as MCP-1 were detected by ELISA assay. The mRNA levels of TLR4, p65, IκBα, iNOS, COX-2 and GAPDH were examined by RT-qPCR...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506517/rhaponticum-acaule-l-dc-essential-oil-chemical-composition-in-vitro-antioxidant-and-enzyme-inhibition-properties
#12
Habib Mosbah, Hassiba Chahdoura, Jannet Kammoun, Malek Besbes Hlila, Hanen Louati, Saoussen Hammami, Guido Flamini, Lotfi Achour, Boulbaba Selmi
BACKGROUND: α-glucosidase is a therapeutic target for diabetes mellitus (DM) and α-glucosidase inhibitors play a vital role in the treatments for the disease. Furthermore, xanthine oxidase (XO) is a key enzyme that catalyzes hypoxanthine and xanthine to uric acid which at high levels can lead to hyperuricemia which is an important cause of gout. Pancreatic lipase (PL) secreted into the duodenum plays a key role in the digestion and absorption of fats. For its importance in lipid digestion, PL represents an attractive target for obesity prevention...
March 5, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501765/naringin-enhances-reverse-cholesterol-transport-in-high-fat-low-streptozocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#13
Solomon Oladapo Rotimi, Isaacson Bababode Adelani, Goodness Esther Bankole, Oluwakemi Anuoluwapo Rotimi
Naringin, a citrus-derived flavonoid with antihyperglycemic, antihyperlipidemic, and antioxidant properties, is reported to be a useful nutraceutical in the management of diabetes and its complications. This study investigated the mechanism of antiatherogenic properties of naringin in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) using high fat-low streptozocin rat model of T2DM. Rats were treated daily with 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg naringin orally for 21days. Levels of biomarkers of T2DM, lipid profile and activity of paraoxonase (PON) were assayed spectrophotometrically...
March 1, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499527/covalent-immobilization-of-lipase-onto-chitosan-mesoporous-silica-hybrid-nanomaterials-by-carboxyl-functionalized-ionic-liquids-as-the-coupling-agent
#14
Xinran Xiang, Hongbo Suo, Chao Xu, Yi Hu
Chitosan-mesoporous silica SBA-15 hybrid nanomaterials (CTS-SBA-15) were synthesized by means of carboxyl functionalized ionic liquids as the coupling agent. The as-prepared CTS-SBA-15 support was characterized by TEM, FTIR, TG and nitrogen adsorption-desorption techniques. Porcine pancreas lipase (PPL) was then bound to the hybrid nanomaterials by using the cross-linking reagent glutaraldehyde (GA). Further, the parameters like cross-linking concentration, time and ratio of supports to enzyme were optimized...
February 21, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489456/phytochemical-profile-antimicrobial-antioxidant-and-antiobesity-activities-of-scolymus-angiospermus-gaertn-four-fractions-from-jericho-palestine
#15
Nidal Jaradat, Saad Al-Lahham
Background Many recent studies have shown that medicinal plants, which have been used worldwide through the past history in the folkloric medicine, harbor a significant number of novel metabolic compounds with potent pharmacological properties. In several countries, the aerial parts of the Scolymus angiospermus plant have been used as a food supply and as a folkloric medicinal plant. The current study aimed is to investigate the antimicrobial, antilipase, antioxidant activities and phytochemical profile of methanolic, hexane, aqueous and ethyl acetate fractions obtained from the aerial parts of S...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488641/short-chain-fatty-acids-enhance-the-lipid-accumulation-of-3t3-l1-cells-by-modulating-the-expression-of-enzymes-of-fatty-acid-metabolism
#16
Haining Yu, Ran Li, Haiyong Huang, Ru Yao, Shengrong Shen
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) such as acetic acid, propionic acid, and butyric acid are produced by fermentation by gut microbiota. In this paper, we investigate the effects of SCFA on 3T3-L1 cells and the underlying molecular mechanisms. The cells were treated with acetic acid, propionic acid, or butyric acid when cells were induced to differentiate into adipocytes. MTT assay was employed to detect the viability of 3T3-L1 cells. Oil Red O staining was used to visualize the lipid content in 3T3-L1 cells. A triglyceride assay kit was used to detect the triacylglycerol content in 3T3-L1 cells...
January 2018: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486557/dual-functions-of-lip6-and-its-regulation-of-lipid-metabolism-in-the-oleaginous-fungus-mucor-circinelloides
#17
Xinyi Zan, Xin Tang, Linfang Chu, Yuanda Song
Although the multiple roles of lipases have been reported in yeasts and microalgae, the functions of lipases have not been studied in oleaginous filamentous fungi. Lipase Lip6 has been reported in the oleaginous filamentous fungus Mucor circinelloides with the consensus lipase motif GXSXG and the typical acyltransferase motif of H-(X)4-D. To demonstrate that Lip6 might play dual roles as a lipase and an acyltransferase, we performed site-directed mutagenesis in the lipase motif and the acyltransferase motif of Lip6...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476783/lipid-based-nanosuspensions-for-oral-delivery-of-peptides-a-critical-review
#18
REVIEW
Camille Dumont, Sandrine Bourgeois, Hatem Fessi, Vincent Jannin
Peptides are therapeutic molecules that can treat selectively and efficiently a wide range of pathologies. However, their intrinsic properties cause their rapid degradation in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract resulting in poor bioavailability after oral administration. Yet, their encapsulation in nanocarriers offers them protection from this harsh environment and increases their permeability across the epithelium border. In particular, Solid Lipid Nanoparticles (SLN) and Nanostructured Lipid Carriers (NLC) have proven to improve peptide oral bioavailability...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476167/a-novel-variant-associated-with-hdl-c-levels-by-modifying-daglb-expression-levels-an-annotation-based-genome-wide-association-study
#19
Dan Zhcou, Dandan Zhang, Xiaohui Sun, Zhiqiang Li, Yaqin Ni, Zhongyan Shan, Hong Li, Chengguo Liu, Shuai Zhang, Yi Liu, Ruizhi Zheng, Feixia Pan, Yimin Zhu, Yongyong Shi, Maode Lai
Although numbers of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been performed for serum lipid levels, limited heritability has been explained. Studies showed that combining data from GWAS and expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) signals can both enhance the discovery of trait-associated SNPs and gain a better understanding of the mechanism. We performed an annotation-based, multistage genome-wide screening for serum-lipid-level-associated loci in totally 6863 Han Chinese. A serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) associated variant rs1880118 (hg19 chr7:g...
February 23, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433298/chemical-composition-and-inhibitory-activities-on-dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-and-pancreatic-lipase-of-two-underutilized-species-from-the-brazilian-savannah-oxalis-cordata-a-st-hil-and-xylopia-aromatica-lam-mart
#20
Verena B Oliveira, Raquel L B Araújo, Thomas Eidenberger, Maria G L Brandão
Brazil has the greatest vegetal biodiversity in the world, but products derived from native species are not optimally utilized. Oxalis cordata and Xylopia aromatica are two underutilized species whose leaves and fruits, respectively, have been used as food in the 19th century. In this study, we used chemical and in vitro assays to evaluate the potential of these species as functional foods. The inhibitory activity on pancreatic lipase and DPP-IV were evaluated using the crude extracts and fractions ethyl acetate, butanol and water of these two species...
March 2018: Food Research International
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