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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243753/extracts-from-the-edible-seaweed-ascophyllum-nodosum-inhibit-lipase-activity-in-vitro-contributions-of-phenolic-and-polysaccharide-components
#1
Ceri Austin, Derek Stewart, J William Allwood, Gordon J McDougall
A polyphenol-rich extract (PRE) from the edible seaweed, Ascophyllum nodosum, inhibited pancreatic lipase activity in an oil-based turbidimetric assay with an IC50 of 200 μg gallic acid equivalents (GAE) perassay) [∼230 μg DW] whereas the known inhibitor, Orlistat, gave an IC50 at 0.4 μg per assay. A phlorotannin-enriched fraction (TRF) purified from the PRE was more potent with an IC50 = 60 μg GAE per assay (∼65 μg DW). When the assay was started by the addition of lipase, both Orlistat and TRF were much less effective which suggests that pre-incubation of enzyme and inhibitor improved inhibition...
December 15, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238458/bacteriocinogenic-potential-and-virulence-traits-of-enterococcus-faecium-and-e-faecalis-isolated-from-human-milk
#2
Soodabeh Khalkhali, Naheed Mojgani
Background and Objectives: Human milk is a continuous supply of Lactic Acid bacteria (LAB), including enterococci with probiotic potentials. The aim of this study was to analyze two Enterococcus species, isolated from human milk for their probiotic potential, bacteriocin producing ability and virulence traits. Materials and Methods: Enterococcus faecium TA0033 and E. faecalis TA102 were tested for acid and bile tolerance, survival in simulated gastric and intestinal conditions...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237160/hydrogen-treatment-protects-mice-against-chronic-pancreatitis-by-restoring-regulatory-t-cells-loss
#3
Luguang Chen, Chao Ma, Yun Bian, Jing Li, Tiegong Wang, Li Su, Jianping Lu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease of the pancreas characterized by progressive tissue destruction and fibrogenesis. The development of chronic pancreatitis is associated with immune cell dysregulation. Currently, the specific and effective treatment of chronic pancreatitis remains absent. METHODS: By using an L-arginine induced chronic pancreatitis mouse model, we tested the therapeutic potential of hydrogen, a strong hydroxyl radicals scavenger, in the chronic pancreatitis model...
December 11, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220758/interaction-of-a-digestive-protease-candida-rugosa-lipase-with-three-surfactants-investigated-by-spectroscopy-molecular-docking-and-enzyme-activity-assay
#4
Rui Zhang, Yang Liu, Xinran Huang, Mengchen Xu, Rutao Liu, Wansong Zong
The extensive use of surfactants in food, laundry products and agriculture has caused concern about their biosafety. However, few studies have been done on their potential effect on the lipase which has always been used with surfactants in food and laundry industry. Herein, we investigated the interaction of three surfactants (sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS), sodium lauryl sulfonate (SLS)) with Candida rugosa lipase (CRL), which is a popular biocatalyst used regularly with surfactants...
December 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182014/emodin-attenuates-cell-injury-and-inflammation-in-pancreatic-acinar-ar42j-cells
#5
Jia-Yu Zhao, Jia-Qi Wang, Li Wu, Feng Zhang, Zhi-Peng Chen, Wei-Dong Li, Hao Cai, Xiao Liu
The study was intended to investigate the protective effects of emodin against cell injury and inflammation in AR42J cells. We determined trypsin and lipase activity, intracellular ROS and MMP using specific assay kits. The related protein expression and TNF-α and IL-6 in the medium were assayed by Western blot and ELISA kits. Results showed that emodin could protect AR42J cells against cell injury caused by cerulein and lipopolysaccharide which were possibly associated with inhibition of mitochondrial damage, ROS production, and then significantly inhibited ROS-mediated pathway, and ameliorated pancreatic cells injury by depleting the levels of inflammatory cytokines...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175428/developing-an-in-vitro-artificial-sebum-model-to-study-propionibacterium-acnes-biofilms
#6
Karl-Jan Spittaels, Tom Coenye
AIM: The aim of the present study was to develop a new model system to study Propionibacterium acnes biofilms. This model should be representative for the conditions encountered in the pilosebaceous unit. METHODS AND RESULTS: The new model, consists of an artificial sebum pellet supported by a silicone disc. Sebum pellets were inoculated with various P. acnes strains isolated from both normal and acneic skin. Growth and biofilm formation was verified by conventional plating at different time points, as well as by resazurin assays and fluorescence microscopy after LIVE/DEAD staining...
November 21, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163154/biotransformation-of-flavonoid-conjugates-with-fatty-acids-and-evaluations-of-their-functionalities
#7
Cynthia Q Sun, Keryn D Johnson, Herbert Wong, L Y Foo
Enzymatic conjugation with fatty acids including omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) derived from fish oil to three citrus fruit-derived flavonoids: grapefruit extract, naringin, and neohesperidin dihydrochalcone were investigated. The conversions were achieved over 85% under the catalysis of lipase Novozyme 435 in acetone at 45°C at semi-preparative scale. The conjugates were purified via solvent partition and silica gel chromatography and achieved 90-98% in purity. The NMR analysis of the conjugates confirmed that the fatty acid carbon chain was linked onto the primary -OH group on the glucose moiety of the flavonoids...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152131/microrna-130b-attenuates-dexamethasone-induced-increase-of-lipid-accumulation-in-porcine-preadipocytes-by-suppressing-ppar-%C3%AE-expression
#8
Shifeng Pan, Yixin Cui, Xuan Dong, Tangjie Zhang, Hua Xing
In this study, two experiments were conducted to determine the role of miR-130b in dexamethasone (DEX)-induced lipid accumulation. Porcine preadipocytes were treated with 10(-6) M DEX for 48 h to investigate effects of DEX in lipid accumulation. Next, in order to illustrate the regulatory role of miR-130b on lipid accumulation induced by DEX, miRNA scrambled control (miR-SC), miR-130b overexpression plasmid and miR-130b inhibitor were respectively transfected into porcine preadipocytes at 24 h before DEX treatment for 48 h (miR-SC-DEX, miR-130b-DEX and miR-130b-inhibitor-DEX)...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146190/newly-developed-selective-immunoinactivation-assay-revealed-reduction-in-adipose-triglyceride-lipase-activity-in-peripheral-leucocytes-from-patients-with-idiopathic-triglyceride-deposit-cardiomyovasculopathy
#9
Atsuko Takagi, Yasuyuki Ikeda, Kunihisa Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Kobayashi, Yoshihiko Ikeda, Junji Kozawa, Hideyuki Miyauchi, Ming Li, Chikako Hashimoto, Yasuhiro Hara, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Akira Suzuki, Tatsushi Toda, Hironori Nagasaka, Ken-Ichi Hirano
Triglyceride deposit cardiomyovasculopathy (TGCV) is a rare and newly identified disease among patients requiring cardiac transplantation. TGCV is characterized by cardiomyocyte steatosis and triglyceride (TG)-deposit atherosclerosis, resulting from the abnormal intracellular metabolism of TG. TGCV is classified into primary and idiopathic types. Primary TGCV carries ultra-rare genetic mutations in the adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), a rate-liming enzyme that hydrolyzes intracellular TG in adipose and non-adipose tissues...
November 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137992/ir-spectroscopy-analysis-of-pancreatic-lipase-related-protein-2-interaction-with-phospholipids-3-monitoring-dppc-lipolysis-in-mixed-micelles
#10
Eduardo Mateos-Diaz, Priscila Sutto-Ortiz, Moulay Sahaka, Jorge A Rodriguez, Frédéric Carrière
Usual methods for the continuous assay of lipolytic enzyme activities are mainly based on the titration of free fatty acids, surface pressure monitoring or spectrophotometry using substrates labeled with specific probes. These approaches only give a partial information on the chemistry of the lipolysis reaction and additional end-point analyses are often required to quantify both residual substrate and lipolysis products. We used transmission infrared (IR) spectroscopy to monitor simultaneously the hydrolysis of phospholipids by guinea pig pancreatic lipase-related protein 2 (GPLRP2) and the release of lipolysis products...
November 11, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131851/gdsl-lipases-modulate-immunity-through-lipid-homeostasis-in-rice
#11
Mingjun Gao, Xin Yin, Weibing Yang, Sin Man Lam, Xiaohong Tong, Jiyun Liu, Xin Wang, Qun Li, Guanghou Shui, Zuhua He
Lipids and lipid metabolites play important roles in plant-microbe interactions. Despite the extensive studies of lipases in lipid homeostasis and seed oil biosynthesis, the involvement of lipases in plant immunity remains largely unknown. In particular, GDSL esterases/lipases, characterized by the conserved GDSL motif, are a subfamily of lipolytic enzymes with broad substrate specificity. Here, we functionally identified two GDSL lipases, OsGLIP1 and OsGLIP2, in rice immune responses. Expression of OsGLIP1 and OsGLIP2 was suppressed by pathogen infection and salicylic acid (SA) treatment...
November 13, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108624/rational-evolution-of-the-unusual-y-type-oxyanion-hole-of-rhodococcus-sp-cr53-lipase-lipr
#12
Belén Infanzón, Pablo H Sotelo, Josefina Martínez, Pilar Diaz
Rhodococcus sp CR-53 lipase LipR was the first characterized member of bacterial lipase family X. Interestingly, LipR displays some similarity with α/β-hydrolases of the C. antartica lipase A (CAL-A)-like superfamily (abH38), bearing a Y-type oxyanion hole, never found before among bacterial lipases. In order to explore this unusual Y-type oxyanion hole, and to improve LipR performance, two modification strategies based on site directed or saturation mutagenesis were addressed. Initially, a small library of mutants was designed to convert LipR Y-type oxyanion hole (YDS) into one closer to those most frequently found in bacteria (GGG(X))...
January 2018: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101046/structural-and-functional-insights-into-thermostable-and-organic-solvent-stable-variant-pro247-ser-of-bacillus-lipase
#13
Nisha Chopra, Arbind Kumar, Jagdeep Kaur
Thermostability of enzymes is an important issue in protein engineering and has been studied in detail. Still there is no hard and fast rule to define the conditions which will provide thermal stability. Understanding the various factors and mechanism responsible for thermal stability will add on new insights into our present knowledge in this area. Pro247-Ser variant was constructed based on homology modelling and rational design. It exhibited 60 fold increase in thermal stability at 60°C and+0.7M shift in C1/2 value for urea denaturation as compared to WT...
October 31, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099313/characterization-of-a-novel-alkaline-esterase-from-altererythrobacter-epoxidivorans-cgmcc-1-7731-t
#14
Zhen Rong, Ying-Yi Huo, Shu-Ling Jian, Yue-Hong Wu, Xue-Wei Xu
A novel esterase gene (e25) was identified from Altererythrobacter epoxidivorans CGMCC 1.7731(T) by genome sequence screening. The e25 gene is 948 nucleotides in length and encodes a 315 amino acid protein (E25) with a predicted molecular mass of 33,683 Da. A phylogenetic tree revealed that E25 belongs to the hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) family of lipolytic enzymes. An activity assay of E25 showed that it exhibited the highest catalytic efficiency when using p-nitrophenyl caproate (C6) as a substrate. The optimum pH and temperature were determined to be approximately pH 9 and 45°C, and the Km and Vmax values were 0...
November 3, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082702/-effects-of-mori-folium-extract-on-diet-induced-obesity-mechanism-in-rats
#15
Wen Wu, Kai-Lun Liang, Bo Chen, Jie Su, Su-Hong Chen, Gui-Yuan Lyu
To study the anti-obesity effect of Mori Folium extract on diet-induced obesity(DIO) and to explore the preliminary mechanism in rats. DIO rat models were established by high glucose and high fat diet for 8 weeks. Then high(10 mg•kg⁻¹) and low(5 mg•kg⁻¹) does Mori Folium extracts were given by intragastric administration for 13 weeks. After the last administration, their body weight, 24 h food intake, water intake, Lee's index, liver/body mass index, and fat/body mass index were determined. The levels of lipoprotein lipase(LPL), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha(C/EBPα) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma(PPARγ) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079225/digestive-enzymes-of-the-californian-two-spot-octopus-octopus-bimaculoides-pickford-and-mcconnaughey-1949
#16
Laura Elizabeth Ibarra-García, Dariel Tovar-Ramírez, Carlos Rosas, Ángel Isidro Campa-Córdova, José Manuel Mazón-Suástegui
Octopus bimaculoides is an important commercially fished species in the California Peninsula with aquaculture potential; however, to date limited information is available regarding its digestive physiology. The objective of this study was focused on biochemically characterizing the main enzymes involved in the digestion of O. bimaculoides. Optimum pH, temperature and thermostability were determined for amylases, lipases, trypsin and chymotrypsin; optimum pH and protease inhibitor effect were assessed for acidic and alkaline proteases, and the effect of divalent ions on trypsin and chymotrypsin activity was evaluated in enzymatic extracts from the digestive (DG) and salivary glands (SG) and crop gastric juices (GJ)...
October 24, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073166/bioremediation-of-cooking-oil-waste-using-lipases-from-wastes
#17
Clarissa Hamaio Okino-Delgado, Débora Zanoni do Prado, Roselaine Facanali, Márcia Mayo Ortiz Marques, Augusto Santana Nascimento, Célio Junior da Costa Fernandes, William Fernando Zambuzzi, Luciana Francisco Fleuri
Cooking oil waste leads to well-known environmental impacts and its bioremediation by lipase-based enzymatic activity can minimize the high cytotoxic potential. In addition, they are among the biocatalysts most commercialized worldwide due to the versatility of reactions and substrates. However, although lipases are able to process cooking oil wastes, the products generated from this process do not necessarily become less toxic. Thus, the aim of the current study is to analyze the bioremediation of lipase-catalyzed cooking oil wastes, as well as their effect on the cytotoxicity of both the oil and its waste before and after enzymatic treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067244/pre-heparin-lipoprotein-lipase-mass-as-a-potential-mediator-in-the-association-between-adiponectin-and-hdl-cholesterol-in-type-2-diabetes
#18
Raelene E Maser, M James Lenhard, Ryan T Pohlig, P Babu Balagopal
AIM: Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a major enzyme in lipid metabolism. Dyslipidemia, characterized by decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), is prevalent in persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of this study was to determine whether pre-heparin LPL mass mediates the association between adiponectin and HDL-C in individuals with T2DM. METHODS: Pre-heparin LPL mass was measured via an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, adiponectin by radioimmunoassay, and HDL-C was determined enzymatically...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031715/angptl8-promotes-the-ability-of-angptl3-to-bind-and-inhibit-lipoprotein-lipase
#19
Xun Chi, Emily C Britt, Hannah W Shows, Alexander J Hjelmaas, Shwetha K Shetty, Emily M Cushing, Wendy Li, Alex Dou, Ren Zhang, Brandon S J Davies
OBJECTIVE: Several members of the angiopoietin-like (ANGPTL) family of proteins, including ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL8, regulate lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity. Deficiency in either ANGPTL3 or ANGPTL8 reduces plasma triglyceride levels and increases LPL activity, whereas overexpression of either protein does the opposite. Recent studies suggest that ANGPTL8 may functionally interact with ANGPTL3 to alter clearance of plasma triglycerides; however, the nature of this interaction has remained elusive...
October 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021760/saponins-and-flavonoids-from-adzuki-bean-vigna-angularis-l-ameliorate-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-in-icr-mice
#20
Rui Liu, Yinan Zheng, Zongwei Cai, Baojun Xu
Background and purpose: As an herbal medicine, adzuki bean has been practiced since the Tang Dynasty of China to maintain health and control weight; this practice is still very popular in China nowadays. However, it is still lack of sufficient scientific basis to explain scientific principle of this popular civil practice in weight control using adzuki bean. The purpose of this study was to verify and explain the anti-obesity effects of adzuki bean through in vitro enzymatic assays, in vitro lipolysis and in vivo study of obese mice model...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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