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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719406/toward-a-biopsychosocial-ecology-of-the-human-microbiome-brain-gut-axis-and-health
#1
Karl J Maier, Mustafa al'Absi
OBJECTIVE: Rapidly expanding insights to the human microbiome and health suggest that Western medicine is poised for significant evolution, or perhaps revolution - this while the field continues on a trajectory from reductionism to a biopsychosocial (BPS) paradigm recognizing biological, psychological, and social influences on health. The apparent sensitivity of the microbiota to perturbations across BPS domains suggests that a broad and inclusive framework is needed to develop applicable knowledge in this area...
July 18, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708004/psychological-trait-resilience-within-ecological-systems-theory-the-resilient-systems-scales
#2
John Maltby, Liz Day, Heather D Flowe, Panos Vostanis, Sally Chivers
This project describes the development of the Resilient Systems Scales, created to address conceptual and methodological ambiguities in assessing the ecological systems model of resilience. Across a number of samples (total N = 986), our findings suggest that the Resilient Systems Scales show equivalence to a previously reported assessment (Maltby, Day, & Hall, 2015 ) in demonstrating the same factor structure, adequate intercorrelation between the 2 measures of resilience, and equivalent associations with personality and well-being...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706922/barriers-and-enablers-to-proper-diabetic-foot-care-amongst-community-dwellers-in-an-asian-population-a-qualitative-study
#3
Andrew Arjun Sayampanathan, Amit Nirmal Cuttilan, Christopher J Pearce
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot complications are common within Asian populations. They arise due to poor diabetic control and foot care. In this study, we aimed to identify the causes for proper and improper diabetic foot care. METHODS: A qualitative study consisting of key informant interviews with 17 healthcare professionals, including doctors and various allied health workers, was conducted. Participants included had at least five years of caring for diabetic foot patients either in public institutions or private clinics...
June 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701971/facilitating-social-play-for-children-with-pdds-effects-of-paired-robotic-devices
#4
Soichiro Matsuda, Eleuda Nunez, Masakazu Hirokawa, Junichi Yamamoto, Kenji Suzuki
Interacting with toys and other people is fundamental for developing social communication skills. However, children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are characterized by having a significant impairment in social interaction, which often leads to deficits in play skills. For this reason, methods of teaching play skills to young children with ASD have been well documented. Although previous studies have examined a variety of instructional strategies for teaching skills, few studies have evaluated the potential of using robotic devices...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700754/promotion-of-physical-activity-interventions-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#5
Ania Zubala, Stephen MacGillivray, Helen Frost, Thilo Kroll, Dawn A Skelton, Anna Gavine, Nicola M Gray, Madalina Toma, Jacqui Morris
OBJECTIVES: While there is strong evidence that regular participation in physical activity (PA) brings numerous health benefits to older adults, and interventions to effectively promote PA are being developed and tested, the characteristics and components of the most effective interventions remain unclear. This systematically conducted review of systematic reviews evaluated the effects and characteristics of PA promotion interventions aimed at community dwelling people over 50 years old...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689854/impact-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-and-exercise-training-programs-in-coronary-heart-disease
#6
REVIEW
Sergey Kachur, Vasutakarn Chongthammakun, Carl J Lavie, Alban De Schutter, Ross Arena, Richard V Milani, Barry A Franklin
Cardiovascular rehabilitation (CR) is the process of developing and maintaining an optimal level of physical, social, and psychological well-being in order to promote recovery from cardiovascular (CV) illness. It is a multi-disciplinary approach encompassing supervised exercise training, patient counseling, education and nutritional guidance that may also enhance quality of life. Beneficial CV effects may include improving coronary heart disease risk factors; particularly exercise capacity, reversing cardiac remodeling, and favorably modifying metabolism and systemic oxygen transport...
July 6, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681543/supportive-care-needs-of-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-motor-neuron-disease-and-their-caregivers-a-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
Juyeon Oh, Jung A Kim
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify the supportive care needs of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease (ALS/MND) patients and their caregivers, categorize and summarize them into a Supportive Care Needs Framework, and identify gaps in literature. BACKGROUND: Little is known about the supportive care needs of ALS/MND patients and their caregivers, and this subject has not previously been systemically reviewed. DESIGN: Scoping review...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676190/barriers-to-addressing-social-determinants-of-health-in-pediatric-nursing-practice-an-integrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Mary M Tallon, Garth E Kendall, Lynn Priddis, Fiona Newall, Jeanine Young
PROBLEM: Despite a substantial body of knowledge regarding the importance of the social determinants of health, recognizing and responding to the psychosocial circumstances of seriously and chronically ill children and their families is not well established in routine pediatric nursing care. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: The search process focused on psychological and social determinants and care in the healthcare setting. Searches were limited to research and review publications written in the English language...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673921/two-social-brains-neural-mechanisms-of-intersubjectivity
#9
REVIEW
Kai Vogeley
It is the aim of this article to present an empirically justified hypothesis about the functional roles of the two social neural systems, namely the so-called 'mirror neuron system' (MNS) and the 'mentalizing system' (MENT, also 'theory of mind network' or 'social neural network'). Both systems are recruited during cognitive processes that are either related to interaction or communication with other conspecifics, thereby constituting intersubjectivity. The hypothesis is developed in the following steps: first, the fundamental distinction that we make between persons and things is introduced; second, communication is presented as the key process that allows us to interact with others; third, the capacity to 'mentalize' or to understand the inner experience of others is emphasized as the fundamental cognitive capacity required to establish successful communication...
August 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667938/altered-stress-system-reactivity-after-pediatric-injury-relation-with-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#10
Linda Ewing-Cobbs, Mary R Prasad, Charles S Cox, Douglas A Granger, Gerardo Duque, Paul R Swank
Injury is the leading cause of death and disability in childhood. Injured children are at high risk for developing alterations in stress response systems and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) that may compromise long-term physical and psychological health. In a prospective, observational cohort study, we examined individual differences in, and correlates of, stress-reactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA; salivary cortisol) and autonomic nervous system (ANS; salivary alpha amylase, sAA) following pediatric injury...
June 10, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655648/evolutionary-transition-from-biological-to-social-systems-via-generation-of-reflexive-models-of-externality
#11
REVIEW
Abir U Igamberdiev
Evolutionary transition from biological to social systems corresponds to the emergence of the structure of subject that incorporates the internal image of external world. This structure, established on the basis of referral of the subject (self) to its symbolic image, acquires a potential to rationally describe the external world through the semiotic structure of human language. It has been modelled in reflexive psychology using the algebra of simple relations (Lefebvre, V.A., J. Soc. Biol. Struct. 10, 129-175, 1987)...
June 24, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622487/an-integrated-model-of-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorder
#12
David M Walton, James M Elliott
Synopsis The development of persistent symptoms following whiplash injury from a motor vehicle collision (MVC) is common and contributes substantially to societal and personal costs. The popular Quebec Task Force (QTF) classification system of whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) was meant to function as a prognostic and intervention decision aid, but its usefulness has been questioned. Emerging evidence highlights the heterogeneity of WAD by demonstrating physical and psychological impairments that are unique to those who develop persistent symptoms...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620998/a-survey-of-speech-language-therapy-provision-for-people-with-post-stroke-dysarthria-in-the-uk
#13
Nick Miller, Steven Bloch
BACKGROUND: A large number of people who experience a stroke are affected by dysarthria. This may be in isolation or in association with aphasia and/or dysphagia. Despite evidence highlighting the psychological and social impact of having post-stroke dysarthria and a number of clinical guidelines that make recommendations for appropriate management, little is known currently about UK service delivery issues relating to speech and language therapy (SLT) assessment and treatment for this group...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584675/musculoskeletal-neck-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-risk-factors-and-complications
#14
Jawad Fares, Mohamad Y Fares, Youssef Fares
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a major public health concern that has been extensively studied in adults but not in children and adolescents. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to explore musculoskeletal neck pain in children and adolescents, as well as to discuss its possible risk factors and complications. METHODS: Participants were patients under 18 years of age, who had presented to the clinic (Beirut, Lebanon) in 2015, with nonspecific neck pain. They were examined and asked to evaluate and localize the pain...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581533/gastrointestinal-complications-and-refeeding-guidelines-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#15
REVIEW
Żaneta Malczyk, Joanna Małgorzata Oświęcimska
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is the third most common disorder, after obesity and asthma, in the population of adolescents between 13-18 years of age. Food intake reduction is associated with whole body dysfunction, affecting its physical, psychological and social spheres. As a result of starvation, dysfunction develops in virtually all systems and organs. However, most frequently patients with AN complain of digestive symptoms, such as a feeling of fullness after meals, pain in the upper abdomen, dysphagia, nausea, bloating and constipation...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579766/effects-of-multi-domain-interventions-in-pre-frail-elderly-on-frailty-functional-and-cognitive-status-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Lenore Dedeyne, Mieke Deschodt, Sabine Verschueren, Jos Tournoy, Evelien Gielen
BACKGROUND: Frailty is an aging syndrome caused by exceeding a threshold of decline across multiple organ systems leading to a decreased resistance to stressors. Treatment for frailty focuses on multi-domain interventions to target multiple affected functions in order to decrease the adverse outcomes of frailty. No systematic reviews on the effectiveness of multi-domain interventions exist in a well-defined frail population. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to determine the effect of multi-domain compared to mono-domain interventions on frailty status and score, cognition, muscle mass, strength and power, functional and social outcomes in (pre)frail elderly (≥65 years)...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573448/breast-cancer-oral-anti-cancer-medication-adherence-a-systematic-review-of-psychosocial-motivators-and-barriers
#17
REVIEW
Cheryl Lin, Rachel Clark, Pikuei Tu, Hayden B Bosworth, Leah L Zullig
PURPOSE: In the past decade, there has been an increase in the development and use of oral anti-cancer medications (OAMs), especially for breast cancer-the most prevalent cancer in women. However, adherence rates for OAMs are often suboptimal, leading to lower survival rate, increased risk of recurrence, and higher healthcare costs. Our goal was to identify potentially modifiable psychosocial facilitators and barriers that may be targeted to increase OAM adherence for breast cancer patients...
June 1, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557484/understanding-the-early-support-needs-of-survivors-of-traumatic-events-the-example-of-severe-injury-survivors
#18
Rachel M Brand, Katherine Chisholm, Sonia Terhaag, Winnie Lau, David Forbes, Alex Holmes, Meaghan O'Donnell
OBJECTIVE: In the aftermath of a potentially traumatic event, people may experience a range of mental health outcomes, including subclinical symptoms and distress. There is growing evidence that trauma survivors with subclinical symptoms are at increased risk of developing later psychiatric disorders, and this is especially the case with severe injury survivors. There is a need to develop evidence-based, early, brief interventions for those who are at risk of developing trauma-related psychopathology...
May 29, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552638/interprofessional-education-in-pediatrics-child-protection-and-family-services-as-a-teaching-example
#19
Christine Straub, Marcus Krüger, Sebastian Bode
Interprofessional collaboration between different professional groups in the health care system is essential to efficient and effective patient care. Especially in pediatrics, in the field of child protection, and family services it is mandatory to involve experts from different health-care professions to optimize support for children and their families. Interprofessional education in medical schools and specifically in pediatrics is rare in Germany, but is called for by the German National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM)...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545502/improving-care-for-people-with-heart-failure-in-uganda-serial-in-depth-interviews-with-patients-and-their-health-care-professionals
#20
Elizabeth Namukwaya, Liz Grant, Julia Downing, Mhoira Leng, Scott A Murray
BACKGROUND: The short prognosis of patients with advanced heart failure (HF) and the associated multidimensional distress as illustrated in literature from high income countries necessitates the integration of palliative care into the care of advanced HF patients to address these needs and improve their quality of life. These needs, which are subjective, have not been described from the patients' and health care professionals'(HPs) view point in the Ugandan setting, a low income country with a different socio-cultural context...
May 25, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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