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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214940/-school-attendance-of-children-with-mental-health-problems
#1
Michael Kölch, Daria Nolkemper
School Attendance of Children with Mental Health Problems School can support a child's resilience as well as be a risk to the child's mental health. However school is an indicator of social participation, an aspect that flourished especially in the debate about inclusion. In this paper assistance opportunities are being discussed that are established to support children with a psychological disease in school. Three of the different concepts of funding priorities for special educational needs in the German system will be presented: "Förderschwerpunkt emotionale und soziale Entwicklung" (special needs in emotional and social development), "besonderer Förderbedarf "(special needs) and "Schulbegleitung" (school assistants)...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199451/the-support-needs-of-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-in-india-implications-for-health-services
#2
Neha Lamech, Shruti Raghuraman, Sridhar Vaitheswaran, Thara Rangaswamy
The World Alzheimer's Report estimates that 4.1 million people in India have dementia. Caregivers of persons with dementia face physical, psychological, social and financial problems related to caring for a person with dementia. Literature on the caregiving experience however is highly specific to the sociocultural context and cannot be generalized. In low and middle income countries much of the caregiving takes place in people's homes and is provided by family caregivers. Aim This study aims to explore the needs and challenges of family caregivers in Chennai, India...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188481/using-case-management-in-a-universal-health-coverage-system-to-improve-quality-of-life-of-frequent-emergency-department-users-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Katia Iglesias, Stéphanie Baggio, Karine Moschetti, Jean-Blaise Wasserfallen, Olivier Hugli, Jean-Bernard Daeppen, Bernard Burnand, Patrick Bodenmann
PURPOSE: Frequent Emergency Department users are likely to experience poor quality of life (QOL). Case management interventions are efficient in responding to the complex needs of this population, but their effects on QOL have not been tested yet. Therefore, the aim of our study was to examine to what extent a case management intervention improved frequent Emergency Department users' QOL in a universal health coverage system. METHODS: Data were part of a randomized controlled trial designed to improve frequent Emergency Department users' QOL at the Lausanne University Hospital, Switzerland...
November 29, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188157/predicting-quality-of-life-changes-in-hemodialysis-patients-using-machine-learning-generation-of-an-early-warning-system
#4
Shoab Saadat, Ayesha Aziz, Hira Ahmad, Hira Imtiaz, Zara S Sohail, Alvina Kazmi, Sanaa Aslam, Naveen Naqvi, Sidra Saadat
Objective To predict changes in the quality of life scores of hemodialysis patients for the coming month and the development of an early warning system using machine learning Methods It was a prospective cohort study (one-month duration) at the dialysis center of a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. The study started on 1st October 2016. About 78 patients have been enrolled till now. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) qualified doctors administered a proforma with demographics and the validated Urdu version of World Health Organization Quality Of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF)...
September 25, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186782/forging-a-frailty-ready-healthcare-system-to-meet-population-ageing
#5
(no author information available yet)
The beginning of the 21st century has seen health systems worldwide struggling to deliver quality healthcare amidst challenges posed by ageing populations. The increasing prevalence of frailty with older age and accompanying complexities in physical, cognitive, social and psychological dimensions renders the present modus operandi of fragmented, facility-centric, doctor-based, and illness-centered care delivery as clearly unsustainable. In line with the public health framework for action in the World Health Organization's World Health and Ageing Report, meeting these challenges will require a systemic reform of healthcare delivery that is integrated, patient-centric, team-based, and health-centered...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185540/functional-movement-disorders-five-new-things
#6
Tamara Pringsheim, Mark Edwards
Purpose of review: Functional movement disorders (FMD) are commonly seen in neurologic practice, but are associated with poor outcomes. Recent years have seen a resurgence of interest in this area, with new developments in pathophysiologic understanding and therapeutic management. Recent findings: Individuals with FMD are a psychologically heterogeneous group, with many individuals having no detectable psychopathology on symptom screening measures, and possibly significant etiologically relevant life events only revealed through in-depth interviews...
April 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184739/review-of-494-consecutive-breast-augmentation-patients-system-to-improve-patient-outcomes-and-satisfaction
#7
John F Diaz
Background: Breast augmentation continues to be one of the most common surgical procedures performed by plastic surgeons. As implant options expand, controlling the numerous variables required for a successful result will prove increasingly challenging. The purpose of this study was to outline specific steps that can be taken during the patient consultation and during surgery to decrease complications and improve overall patient satisfaction and patient outcomes. Methods: A retrospective review of 494 consecutive patients who underwent primary augmentation mammaplasty performed by a single surgeon was undertaken...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184516/chasing-the-rainbow-the-non-conscious-nature-of-being
#8
David A Oakley, Peter W Halligan
Despite the compelling subjective experience of executive self-control, we argue that "consciousness" contains no top-down control processes and that "consciousness" involves no executive, causal, or controlling relationship with any of the familiar psychological processes conventionally attributed to it. In our view, psychological processing and psychological products are not under the control of consciousness. In particular, we argue that all "contents of consciousness" are generated by and within non-conscious brain systems in the form of a continuous self-referential personal narrative that is not directed or influenced in any way by the "experience of consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155369/virtual-rehabilitation-with-children-challenges-for-clinical-adoption-from-the-field
#9
Stephanie Glegg
Virtual, augmented, and mixed reality environments are increasingly being developed and used to address functional rehabilitation goals related to physical, cognitive, social, and psychological impairments. For example, a child with an acquired brain injury may participate in virtual rehabilitation to address impairments in balance, attention, turn taking, and engagement in therapy. The trend toward virtual rehabilitation first gained momentum with the adoption of commercial off-the-shelf active video gaming consoles (e...
November 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149154/philosophical-issues-and-psychological-variables-that-influence-the-determination-of-opioid-effectiveness-a-narrative-review
#10
Daniel Michael Doleys
BACKGROUND: The prescribing of opioids in the chronic pain setting is often based on the pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacogenetics of the drug obtained during development and clinical trials. However, the effectiveness of opioids varies widely and often appears to bear no relationship to the aforementioned variables. The impact of philosophical issues and psychological factors on determining how clinically effective opioid therapy is has often been over looked. OBJECTIVES: This manuscript provides a selective review and narrative summary of the philosophical issues and psychological factors which can influence opioid effectiveness...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132622/know-thy-ehealth-user-development-of-biopsychosocial-personas-from-a-study-of-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#11
Richard J Holden, Anand Kulanthaivel, Saptarshi Purkayastha, Kathryn M Goggins, Sunil Kripalani
BACKGROUND: Personas are a canonical user-centered design method increasingly used in health informatics research. Personas-empirically-derived user archetypes-can be used by eHealth designers to gain a robust understanding of their target end users such as patients. OBJECTIVE: To develop biopsychosocial personas of older patients with heart failure using quantitative analysis of survey data. METHOD: Data were collected using standardized surveys and medical record abstraction from 32 older adults with heart failure recently hospitalized for acute heart failure exacerbation...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124741/veterans-experiencing-elder-abuse-improving-care-of-a-high-risk-population-about-which-little-is-known
#12
Lena K Makaroun, Laura Taylor, Tony Rosen
At least 10% of older adults experience abuse, neglect, or exploitation annually in the United States, and this problem is expected to grow as our population ages. Little is known about the prevalence and characteristics of elder abuse of veterans, but it is likely that this population is at high risk based on established elder abuse risk factors. Veterans who receive their care through the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) have a higher prevalence of poor psychological health, poor physical health, functional impairment, cognitive impairment, and social isolation than the general population...
November 10, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119343/long-term-survivors-of-childhood-brain-tumors-impact-on-general-health-and-quality-of-life
#13
REVIEW
Priyamvada Gupta, Rakesh Jalali
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review and summarize the key issues affecting general health and quality of life (QOL) of pediatric long-term survivors of brain tumors. RECENT FINDINGS: Long-term survivors of brain tumors are at risk of considerable late morbidity and mortality. Lengthening survival in brain tumors has highlighted the deep impact of tumor and its treatment on the physical, psychological, functional, and social health and QOL of these survivors. Evolution in tumor therapy including surgery, radiotherapy, and systemic therapies, etc...
November 8, 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115667/complicating-narratives-defining-and-deconstructing-ethical-challenges-in-community-psychology
#14
Rebecca Campbell, Michael Morris
In this concluding essay, we review the case studies presented in this Special Issue and examine whether community psychology has a distinctive approach to defining and resolving the core ethical canons of the Belmont Report (1979): Respect for Persons, Beneficence, and Justice. For two of these Principles-Respect for Persons and Beneficence-community psychologists elaborate upon and extend their definitions to consider their meaning in community-based, social justice-oriented research. The field's approach to Respect for Persons is multilevel in nature; in addition to respecting individuals and their diverse identities, we also have obligations to respect our community partnerships, the communities with whom we work, and the populations and cultures represented in our work...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115176/interlaced-strands-health-psychology-in-brazil-from-an-autobiographic-perspective
#15
Mary Jane P Spink
The presence of psychology in Brazilian Health Settings is closely related to two socio-political movements: for the creation of the Brazilian Unified Health System in 1990 and for Psychiatric Reform. Each had a multidisciplinary stance closely associated with a socially committed approach to healthcare delivery and connected with prior experiences that influenced its policies, among them the National AIDS Programme. These developments are told as a tale that interlaced autobiographical data and the long road to a universal healthcare system that shaped the relationship between psychology and health in the country...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111247/effects-of-a-behavior-change-campaign-on-household-drinking-water-disinfection-in-the-lake-chad-basin-using-the-ranas-approach
#16
Jonathan Lilje, Hans-Joachim Mosler
Worldwide, an estimated 700 million people rely on unimproved drinking water sources; even more consume water that is not safe to drink. Inadequate drinking water quality constitutes a major risk factor for cholera and other diarrheal diseases around the globe, especially for young children in developing countries. Household water treatment and safe storage systems represent an intermediate solution for settings that lack infrastructure supplying safe drinking water. However, the correct and consistent usage of such treatment technologies rely almost exclusively on the consumer's behavior...
October 27, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101589/the-behavioral-approach-system-bas-model-of-vulnerability-to-bipolar-disorder-evidence-of-a-continuum-in-bas-sensitivity-across-adolescence
#17
Richard T Liu, Taylor A Burke, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Behavioral Approach System (BAS) sensitivity has been implicated in the development of a variety of different psychiatric disorders. Prominent among these in the empirical literature are bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs). Given that adolescence represents a critical developmental stage of risk for the onset of BSDs, it is important to clarify the latent structure of BAS sensitivity in this period of development. A statistical approach especially well-suited for delineating the latent structure of BAS sensitivity is taxometric analysis, which is designed to evaluate whether the latent structure of a construct is taxonic (i...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099964/complex-pain-in-young-children
#18
Natasha Haynes, John Collins
Objective: Early childhood is a time of rapid development, particularly of the central nervous system, and can set a foundation for the entire life course. Complex pain in young children can impact the quality of life through limiting physical and social development, compromising psychological well-being, and disrupting sleep. The aim of this review is to identify the needs of young children who present to a tertiary-level pain service, what services they require, and their treatment outcomes...
November 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094968/a-complex-dynamic-systems-perspective-on-identity-and-its-development-the-dynamic-systems-model-of-role-identity
#19
Avi Kaplan, Joanna K Garner
Current prominent models of identity face challenges in bridging across divergent perspectives and apparent dichotomies such as personal or social-collective, conscious or unconscious, and epigenetic or discursive-relational, and affording pursuit of research questions that allows integrative answers. This article presents a coherent theoretical perspective on the integrative nature of identity and its developmental mechanisms. Adopting the contextual social role as a primary unit of analysis, the Dynamic Systems Model of Role Identity (DSMRI) conceptualizes role identity as a Complex Dynamic System (CDS) anchored in action that comprises the actor's ontological and epistemological beliefs, purpose and goals, self-perceptions and self-definitions, and perceived action possibilities in the role...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092645/usability-of-eyetracking-computer-systems-and-impact-on-psychological-wellbeing-in-patients-with-advanced-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#20
Katharina Linse, Wolfgang Rüger, Markus Joos, Henning Schmitz-Peiffer, Alexander Storch, Andreas Hermann
Restrictions in communicative abilities are well known in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), but only few approaches in terms of evaluation of supportive technologies have been made. We aimed to assess the use and perceived usability of eye-tracking computer devices (ETCS) of severely impacted patients with ALS in an independent, direct manner and relate it to psychological well-being. ETCS enable active communication and social participation in the quadriplegic and anarthric disease state. Therefore, ETCS-based versions of widely used psychosocial questionnaires (ADI-12, SeiQoL-DW, WHO-5) as well as structured questions on communicative functioning and ETCS usage were developed to assess ALS patients, their next of kin and professional caregivers...
November 1, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
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