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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109469/associations-between-neighbourhood-support-and-financial-burden-with-unmet-needs-of-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#1
Katie M O'Brien, Aileen Timmons, Phyllis Butow, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Eleanor O'Sullivan, Myles Balfe, Linda Sharp
PURPOSE: To assess the unmet needs of head and neck cancer survivors and investigate associated factors. In particular, to explore whether social support (family/friends and neighbours) and financial burden are associated with unmet needs of head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of HNC survivors, with 583 respondents included in the analysis. Information was collected on unmet supportive care needs as measured by the Supportive Care Needs Survey (SCNS-SF34)...
February 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104555/something-to-talk-about-gossip-increases-oxytocin-levels-in-a-near-real-life-situation
#2
Natascia Brondino, Laura Fusar-Poli, Pierluigi Politi
Gossip is a pervasive social behavior. Its evolutionary survival seems related to its social functions, such as establishing group rules, punishing trespassers, exercising social influence through reputational systems, and developing and strengthening social bonds. We aimed at evaluating the effect of gossip on hormones (oxytocin and cortisol) and at identifying potential mediators of hormonal response to gossip. Twenty-two female students were randomly assigned to a gossip conversation or to an emotional non-gossip conversation...
January 4, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100374/-study-of-disease-burden-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-c-patients-in-shanghai-based-on-bronfenbrenner-s-ecological-systems-theory-a-community-based-survey
#3
H Ren, Y Shi, W Meng, J Y Hu, Y H Chen, Q C Pan
Objective: To systemically analyze family burden, quality of life of chronic hepatitis B and C patients in Shanghai and related influencing factors. Methods: A representative sample of chronic hepatitis patients (n=1 478) and their family members (n=1 478) was randomly selected through a multi-stage cluster sampling from 30 communities in 10 districts of Shanghai. One patient and one family member of each family were interviewed using different questionnaires to collect related information. Based on Bronfenbrenner' s ecological systems, psychological measurement, two-level random intercept model and multivariable structural equation model were applied to determine the effects and directions of the factors between life quality of chronic hepatitis patients and family burden...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089383/-long-term-psychiatric-hospitalizations
#4
L Plancke, A Amariei
BACKGROUND: Long-term hospitalizations in psychiatry raise the question of desocialisation of the patients and the inherent costs. METHODS: Individual indicators were extracted from a medical administrative database containing full-time psychiatric hospitalizations for the period 2011-2013 of people over 16 years old living in the French region of Nord-Pas-de-Calais. We calculated the proportion of people who had experienced a hospitalization with a duration of 292 days or more during the study period...
January 11, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069045/improving-nursing-home-care-through-feedback-on-performance-data-inform-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#5
Matthias Hoben, Peter G Norton, Liane R Ginsburg, Ruth A Anderson, Greta G Cummings, Holly J Lanham, Janet E Squires, Deanne Taylor, Adrian S Wagg, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback is effective in improving the quality of care. However, methods and results of international studies are heterogeneous, and studies have been criticized for a lack of systematic use of theory. In TREC (Translating Research in Elder Care), a longitudinal health services research program, we collect comprehensive data from care providers and residents in Canadian nursing homes to improve quality of care and life of residents, and quality of worklife of caregivers...
January 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068863/an-exploratory-study-investigating-the-multidimensional-factors-impacting-the-health-and-well-being-of-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#6
Susan E Sienko
BACKGROUND: For young adults with cerebral palsy, changes in psychological and social development, in conjunction with the progression of musculoskeletal deformities and the onset of secondary conditions, make the transition to adulthood a difficult developmental phase. Preliminary evidence shows that many of the physical impairments reported in adults with cerebral palsy begin during late adolescence; however, there is little information about prevalence of impairments and the combined role impairments, psychological and social factors have on the health and well-being of young adults with cerebral palsy...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054711/nature-meets-nurture-in-religious-and-spiritual-development
#7
Pehr Granqvist, Frances Nkara
We consider nurture's (including culture's) sculpting influences on the evolved psychological predispositions that are expressed in religious and spiritual (R&S) development. An integrated understanding of R&S development requires a move away from the largely one-sided (nature-or-nurture) and additive (nature + nurture) accounts provided in the extant literature. R&S development has been understood as an expression of evolved cognitive modules (nature) on the one hand, and of socialization and social learning (nurture) on the other, or in similar albeit additive terms (e...
January 5, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042759/-crisis-intervention-in-a-health-care-hospital-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#8
Falk Burchard, Teresa Diebenbusch
Crisis Intervention in a Health Care Hospital for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry In the past years the pressure in society and psychological problems in Germany have risen up. This can especially be verified by the great influx of utilization of child and adolescent psychiatric clinics through the admission of crisis. In this connection social disadvantaged female adolescents with a low socio-economic status, students of the secondary school, children in care and the ones whose parents have to manage their upbringing alone are preferentially affected...
January 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034357/psychological-stress-in-pathogenesis-of-essential-hypertension
#9
Alexey V Ushakov, Vera S Ivanchenko, Alina A Gagarina
The article represents literature review and provides evidence for psychological stress to play essential role in the development of arterial hypertension. The pathogenesis of hypertension is complex with a significant diversity and variability of the mechanisms involved in individual patient. In this regard, the determination of specific pathogenic pathways underlying sustained blood pressure elevation in each patient would substantially individualize therapeutic approaches, and hence increase the effectiveness of treatment...
December 30, 2016: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025680/impact-of-surgery-on-quality-of-life-of-women-with-obstetrical-fistula-a-qualitative-study-in-burkina-faso
#10
Julie Désalliers, Marie-Eve Paré, Salam Kouraogo, Jacques Corcos
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Obstetric fistula, caused by traumatic delivery and patient lack of access to obstetric care, is an important public health concern in developing countries, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. This research focuses on the experience of women living with obstetric fistula in Burkina Faso as well as their reintegration into community after surgery. METHODS: This project was funded by the Mères du Monde en Santé (MMS) Foundation and conducted in collaboration with the Boromo Hospital...
December 26, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978819/the-experiences-of-high-school-students-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#11
Shaoru Zhang, Xiaohong Li, Tianhua Zhang, Yahui Fan, Yuelu Li
BACKGROUND: Clustered tuberculosis (TB) still occurred nationally in Chinese schools every year, where high school students patients accounts for the highest proportion. These young TB patients are in a critical period of physical and psychological growth. Research on their illness experience and analysis of underlying causes remains blank. The purpose of this study is to explore the overall illness experience of Chinese high school TB patients and to investigate the individual and social causes of such experience...
December 15, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943154/development-of-metaphorical-thought-before-language-the-pragmatic-construction-of-metaphors-in-action
#12
Nicolás Alessandroni
In this article, we set out, first, a general overview of metaphor and metaphorical thought research within cognitive psychology and developmental psychology. We claim that, although research efforts broadened perspectives that considered metaphors to be ornaments of poetic language, certain predominance of a linguistic point of view within investigations led to relatively little attention paid to (i) non-verbal and non-written metaphorical instantiations, and (ii) the pre-linguistic and cultural origins of metaphorical thought...
December 10, 2016: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938393/drug-use-and-health-behaviour-among-german-men-who-have-sex-with-men-results-of-a-qualitative-multi-centre-study
#13
Daniel Deimel, Heino Stöver, Susann Hößelbarth, Anna Dichtl, Niels Graf, Viola Gebhardt
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a risk group for new HIV infections. Drug use among men who have sex with men is often accompanied by risky sexual behaviours. Local AIDS help centres and gay advice centres are recording an increase in drug use among MSM clients in Germany. This study examines reasons for drug use and drug use contexts for MSM, including syndemic factors and experiences of social support. METHODS: The study is based on a qualitative research approach...
December 9, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927667/life-after-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-protocol-for-a-uk-wide-patient-reported-outcomes-study
#14
Amy Downing, Penny Wright, Richard Wagland, Eila Watson, Therese Kearney, Rebecca Mottram, Majorie Allen, Victoria Cairnduff, Oonagh McSorley, Hugh Butcher, Luke Hounsome, Conan Donnelly, Peter Selby, Paul Kind, William Cross, James W H Catto, Dyfed Huws, David H Brewster, Emma McNair, Lauren Matheson, Carol Rivas, Johana Nayoan, Mike Horton, Jessica Corner, Julia Verne, Anna Gavin, Adam W Glaser
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer and its treatment may impact physically, psychologically and socially; affecting the health-related quality of life of men and their partners/spouses. The Life After Prostate Cancer Diagnosis (LAPCD) study is a UK-wide patient-reported outcomes study which will generate information to improve the health and well-being of men with prostate cancer. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Postal surveys will be sent to prostate cancer survivors (18-42 months postdiagnosis) in all 4 UK countries (n=∼70 000)...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906505/what-do-we-learn-about-development-from-baby-robots
#15
REVIEW
Pierre-Yves Oudeyer
Understanding infant development is one of the great scientific challenges of contemporary science. In addressing this challenge, robots have proven useful as they allow experimenters to model the developing brain and body and understand the processes by which new patterns emerge in sensorimotor, cognitive, and social domains. Robotics also complements traditional experimental methods in psychology and neuroscience, where only a few variables can be studied at the same time. Moreover, work with robots has enabled researchers to systematically explore the role of the body in shaping the development of skill...
January 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894912/hearing-thresholds-at-high-frequency-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-systematic-review
#16
Debora T M Caumo, Lúcia B Geyer, Adriana R Teixeira, Sérgio S M Barreto
INTRODUCTION: High-frequency audiometry may contribute to the early detection of hearing loss caused by ototoxic medications. Many ototoxic drugs are widely used in the treatment of patients with cystic fibrosis. Early detection of hearing loss should allow known harmful drugs to be identified before the damage affects speech frequencies. The damage caused by ototoxicity is irreversible, resulting in important social and psychological consequences. In children, hearing loss, even when restricted to high frequencies, can affect the development of language...
November 9, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889691/development-of-a-culturally-competent-service-to-improve-academic-functioning-for-latino-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-methodological-considerations
#17
Laura Bava, Alexis Johns, David R Freyer, Kathleen Ruccione
Many survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) develop neurocognitive deficits that compromise academic functioning, especially in the presence of sociodemographic risk factors. The extent to which these risk factors coexist for Latino ALL survivors is not well described, but with shifts in U.S. demographics and improved survival in ALL, culturally competent interventions are needed. The Achieving Best Cognitive Successes after Cancer service was designed and implemented by a team representing nursing, medicine, psychology, and social work...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875831/social-support-systems-and-social-network-characteristics-of-older-adults-with-hiv
#18
Mark Brennan-Ing, Liz Seidel, Stephen E Karpiak
Social networks of older adults with HIV have been characterized as fragile, with a greater reliance on friends as compared to family. However, we know little about the subgroup differences in the social network constellations of this population, how such characteristics are related to social support resources, and their relationship with psychosocial well-being. We developed a typology of social networks of older HIV-positive adults and examined if they would be related to receipt of informal assistance, perceptions of support sufficiency, and psychosocial well-being...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843821/geriatric-health-policy-in-india-the-need-for-scaling-up-implementation
#19
REVIEW
N Sherin Susan Paul, Mathew Asirvatham
In an anticipation of the rising geriatric population in India, the Central government constituted the National Policy for Older Persons in 1999 to promote the health and welfare of senior citizens in India. A major strategy of this policy is to encourage families to take care of their older family members. The policy also encourages voluntary organizations to supplement the care provided by the family and provide care and protection to vulnerable elderly people. The implementation of this policy, particularly in the rural areas, has been negligible and calls for a scaling-up of programs to address the physical, psychological, and social needs of the poor...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829653/using-primary-care-to-address-violence-against-women-in-intimate-partner-relationships-professional-training-needs
#20
Aida Torralbas-Fernández, Marybexy Calcerrada-Gutiérrez
Unified, prevention- and community-oriented, Cuba's National Health System is well positioned to address social problems such as gender violence against women. It is sometimes taken for granted that family doctors, family nurses and psychologists in the health system should be able to deal with such cases. However, some studies among these professionals have revealed misconceptions about intimate partner violence, an insufficient understanding of its causes, and greater tolerance of psychological violence than of physical and sexual violence...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
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