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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530016/assessment-of-caregiving-constructs-toward-a-personal-familial-group-and-cultural-construction-of-dementia-care-through-the-eyes-of-personal-construct-psychology
#1
Eradah O Hamad, Ahmad N AlHadi, Christopher J Lee, Marie Y Savundranayagam, Jeffrey D Holmes, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Andrew M Johnson
Conditions that cause cognitive impairment and behavioural and personality changes, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementia, have global impact across cultures. However, the experience of dementia care can vary between individuals, families, formal caregivers, and social groups from various cultures. Self-reported measures, caregiving stress models, and conceptual theories have been developed to address the physical, financial, psychological, and social factors associated with the experience of dementia care...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508360/genome-to-phenome-a-systems-biology-approach-to-ptsd-using-an-animal-model
#2
Nabarun Chakraborty, James Meyerhoff, Marti Jett, Rasha Hammamieh
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating illness that imposes significant emotional and financial burdens on military families. The understanding of PTSD etiology remains elusive; nonetheless, it is clear that PTSD is manifested by a cluster of symptoms including hyperarousal, reexperiencing of traumatic events, and avoidance of trauma reminders. With these characteristics in mind, several rodent models have been developed eliciting PTSD-like features. Animal models with social dimensions are of particular interest, since the social context plays a major role in the development and manifestation of PTSD...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498581/the-contemporary-refugee-crisis-an-overview-of-mental-health-challenges
#3
Derrick Silove, Peter Ventevogel, Susan Rees
There has been an unprecedented upsurge in the number of refugees worldwide, the majority being located in low-income countries with limited resources in mental health care. This paper considers contemporary issues in the refugee mental health field, including developments in research, conceptual models, social and psychological interventions, and policy. Prevalence data yielded by cross-sectional epidemiological studies do not allow a clear distinction to be made between situational forms of distress and frank mental disorder, a shortcoming that may be addressed by longitudinal studies...
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488261/use-of-tramadol-in-psychiatric-care-a-comprehensive-review-and-report-of-two-cases
#4
Ansgar Rougemont-Bücking, Franziska Gamma, Jaak Panksepp
Tramadol is widely prescribed for treating acute and chronic forms of pain. It is a weak mu-receptor opioid agonist and also increases concentrations of serotonin and noradrenaline within the limbic system of the brain. The therapeutic range of tramadol is relatively wide. Compared with other opioid agonists, there is little risk for developing tolerance and for abuse. Recent models of depression emphasise the subjective experience of a depressive mood as being, in part, a psychologically painful state. It is well established that psychological stress due to social separation/loss, disruption or be-trayal of pre-existent significant interpersonal bonds is mediated by the activation of the mammalian PANIC (separation-distress) system...
May 10, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487267/embodied-conversational-agents-in-clinical-psychology-a-scoping-review
#5
Simon Provoost, Ho Ming Lau, Jeroen Ruwaard, Heleen Riper
BACKGROUND: Embodied conversational agents (ECAs) are computer-generated characters that simulate key properties of human face-to-face conversation, such as verbal and nonverbal behavior. In Internet-based eHealth interventions, ECAs may be used for the delivery of automated human support factors. OBJECTIVE: We aim to provide an overview of the technological and clinical possibilities, as well as the evidence base for ECA applications in clinical psychology, to inform health professionals about the activity in this field of research...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475471/one-look-is-worth-a-thousand-words-new-picture-stimuli-of-interpersonal-situations
#6
Simon Fuchs, Laura M Bohleber, Jutta Ernst, Jasmine Soguel-Dit-Piquard, Heinz Boeker, Andre Richter
This paper introduces a picture system that can be used in functional imaging experiments exploring interpersonal relations. This is important for psychotherapy research to understand the neural basis of psychological treatment effects. Pictures have many advantages for the design of functional imaging experiments, but no picture system illustrating interpersonal behavior patterns is, to date, available. We therefore developed, on the basis of a validated card-sorting test, the Interpersonal Relations Picture System...
May 5, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460796/the-financial-costs-behaviour-and-psychology-of-obesity-a-one-health-analysis
#7
REVIEW
E Bomberg, L Birch, N Endenburg, A J German, J Neilson, H Seligman, G Takashima, M J Day
People who are overweight or have obesity are estimated to comprise 30% of the global population and up to 59% of companion dogs and cats are estimated to be above their optimal body weight. The prevalence of human and companion obesity is increasing. The direct and indirect costs of obesity and associated comorbidities are significant for human and veterinary healthcare. There are numerous similarities between obesity in people and companion animals, likely related to the shared environmental and lifestyle elements of this multifactorial disease...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455280/-the-patient-is-speaking-discovering-the-patient-voice-in-ophthalmology
#8
REVIEW
Samera Dean, Jonathan M Mathers, Melanie Calvert, Derek G Kyte, Dolores Conroy, Annie Folkard, Sue Southworth, Phil Murray, Alastair K Denniston
Eye disease can be devastating. The most feared impact is sight loss, but in a number of ophthalmic conditions, there can be wide-ranging systemic, psychological, emotional and social effects of both the disease and its treatment. External tests of visual function, such as visual acuity, are inadequate to understand the overall impact of ophthalmic disease on a patient's functional vision or daily life. This can lead to a discordance between the patient's priorities and perspective on the one hand and the efforts of clinicians and other stakeholders on the other hand...
April 28, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442210/issues-of-survivorship-and-rehabilitation-in-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#9
C Gerrand, S Furtado
As the number of survivors of extremity soft tissue sarcoma increases, so does the need to understand the experience of survivors and develop measures, systems and services that support rehabilitation into normal life roles. Survivorship includes considerations of the physical, psychological and social domains, of which the physical sequelae of treatment are the best characterised in the literature. The survivorship experience may include disability, pain, lymphoedema, psychological problems, as well as difficulty with employment, relationships and lower quality of life...
April 22, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441974/evaluating-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-group-psychological-intervention-using-cognitive-behavioural-strategies-for-women-with-common-mental-disorders-in-conflict-affected-rural-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Anna Chiumento, Syed Usman Hamdani, Muhammad Naseem Khan, Katie Dawson, Richard A Bryant, Marit Sijbrandij, Huma Nazir, Parveen Akhtar, Aqsa Masood, Duolao Wang, Mark van Ommeren, Atif Rahman
BACKGROUND: The impact of humanitarian disasters upon mental health is well recognised. The evidence for psychological interventions for mental health is mounting, but few interventions have been rigorously tested in humanitarian settings. To be sustainable in humanitarian settings interventions need to be short, simple, deliverable by nonspecialists under supervision, and adopt a transdiagnostic approach where an array of mental health outcomes are addressed simultaneously. These elements have been incorporated into the newly developed WHO Problem Management Plus (PM+) Group intervention...
April 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438236/personal-and-macro-systemic-factors-as-predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-chronic-schizophrenia
#11
Yolanda Fontanil-Gómez, María A Alcedo Rodríguez, María I Gutiérrez López
BACKGROUND: The goal of this research was to establish possible predictive factors for both subjective and externally assessed quality of life in people with chronic schizophrenia. METHODS: Sixty-eight people with schizophrenia took part in the study and were assessed using the World Health Organisation Quality of Life Assessment - Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF), the Quality of Life Scale (QLS), the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia (PANSS), the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF), the Social Functioning Scale (SFS) tests...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436265/recruiting-african-american-children-for-research-an-ecological-systems-theory-approach
#12
Diane Graves, Jane P Sheldon
With health disparities still pervasive and persistent in the United States, medical researchers and social scientists continue to develop recruitment strategies to increase the inclusion of racial/ethnic minority groups in research and interventions. Effective methods for recruiting samples of African American participants for pediatric research may be best understood when situated within an overarching conceptual model-one that serves to organize and explain effective recruitment strategies. A theoretical framework well suited for this purpose is Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory, which views individuals as influencing and being influenced by (both directly and indirectly) a series of interconnected social systems...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424380/-schizotypy-detachment-or-magical-fusion
#13
János Kállai, Mária Simon, István Hartung, Béla Birkás, Róbert Herold
Nowadays, both in the clinical population, and in general communities, we tend to encounter an increasing number of personality disorder patients, whose social adjustment, partnerships and efficient life management is made difficult by the disorder. The ideas of borderline personality disorder patients, who fluctuate between farfetched expectations and fears of their selves being demolished, schizoid patients, who close their selves in their own alienating prison, avoidant patients, who try to escape difficulties, which would enhance their self-esteem, OCD patients, who build their own mythic superstitious world, and antisocial patients who tend to ignore and aggressively override others' interests are all important in the development of cultures with insecure identities...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421012/moderated-online-social-therapy-a-model-for-reducing-stress-in-carers-of-young-people-diagnosed-with-mental-health-disorders
#14
John Gleeson, Reeva Lederman, Peter Koval, Greg Wadley, Sarah Bendall, Sue Cotton, Helen Herrman, Kingsley Crisp, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
Family members caring for a young person diagnosed with the onset of mental health problems face heightened stress, depression, and social isolation. Despite evidence for the effectiveness of family based interventions, sustaining access to specialist family interventions is a major challenge. The availability of the Internet provides possibilities to expand and sustain access to evidence-based psychoeducation and personal support for family members. In this paper we describe the therapeutic model and the components of our purpose-built moderated online social therapy (MOST) program for families...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420604/a-digital-tool-to-promote-alcohol-and-drug-use-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-skill-translation-a-mobile-app-development-and-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#15
Derek D Satre, Khanh Ly, Maria Wamsley, Alexa Curtis, Jason Satterfield
BACKGROUND: Translation of knowledge and skills from classroom settings to clinical practice is a major challenge in healthcare training, especially for behavioral interventions. For example, screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a highly-promoted approach to identifying and treating individuals at risk for alcohol or drug problems, yet effective, routine use of SBIRT has lagged. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the development, pilot testing, and trial protocol of a mobile app based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to promote SBIRT skill translation and application...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399352/socioeconomic-characteristics-health-risk-factors-and-alcohol-consumption-among-the-homeless-in-north-eastern-part-of-poland
#16
Jerzy Romaszko, Robert Kuchta, Cezary Opalach, Anna Bertrand-Bucińska, Anna Maria Romaszko, Beata Giergielewicz-Januszko, Adam Buciński
BACKGROUND: Homelessness is a form of social pathology, which is for various reasons undesirable and as far as possible limited by efforts such as programmes that assist in transitioning out of homelessness. Because, as time passes, the homeless population undergoes both quantitative and qualitative changes, the process of developing these programmes requires up-to-date information on the extent and profile of this phenomenon that takes into account the characteristics of a given country...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383618/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-italian-deinstitutionalized-psychiatric-patients
#17
D Corridore, F Guerra, C La Marra, D Di Thiene, L Ottolenghi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to investigate the oral health status and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL, measured with OHIP- 14) in psychiatric patients assisted by the unique Italian mental health care system, in accordance to regulatory Law 180/78. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic and medical variables were retrieved from institutional medical records. General health and oral health variables, oral health-related behavior and last dental contact were recorded...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350217/patient-non-adherence-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#18
Vidya Dalvi, Nandakumar Mekoth
Purpose While interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) has been used in health psychology research, it has so far not been applied to seek deeper insights into the patients' experiences about treatment. The purpose of this paper is to address this gap by using IPA to understand patient non-adherence. Design/methodology/approach In total, 18 patients with chronic conditions seeking healthcare services in Goa and Karnataka, India, were selected by using the snowball sampling method. In-depth interviews were conducted face to face...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341268/social-is-special-a-normative-framework-for-teaching-with-and-learning-from-evaluative-feedback
#19
Mark K Ho, James MacGlashan, Michael L Littman, Fiery Cushman
Humans often attempt to influence one another's behavior using rewards and punishments. How does this work? Psychologists have often assumed that "evaluative feedback" influences behavior via standard learning mechanisms that learn from environmental contingencies. On this view, teaching with evaluative feedback involves leveraging learning systems designed to maximize an organism's positive outcomes. Yet, despite its parsimony, programs of research predicated on this assumption, such as ones in developmental psychology, animal behavior, and human-robot interaction, have had limited success...
March 21, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331453/are-pediatricians-diagnosing-obese-children
#20
Katharine Thomas, Fernando Urrego
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder in American children. The detrimental social, psychological, and physiological effects of obesity call for pediatricians to address this health concern. The literature demonstrates that clinicians are underreporting the diagnosis of obesity in the pediatric setting. The primary purpose of this study was to determine if pediatricians at one pediatrics clinic in the Ochsner Health System are documenting the presence of an overweight or obese body mass index (BMI) as a diagnosis in the medical record...
2017: Ochsner Journal
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