Read by QxMD icon Read

cordyceps sinensis

Jian Jin, Wenli Kang, Can Zhong, You Qin, Rongrong Zhou, Hao Liu, Jing Xie, Lin Chen, Yuhui Qin, Shuihan Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Yao ethnic group in Xuefeng Mountains area have used Xuefeng cordyceps, the caterpillar-fungus complex of Ophiocordyceps xuefengensis, for treating a variety of diseases for long. Just like some other cordyceps, O. xuefengensis, which is identified as the sister taxon of O. sinensis in 2013, also seems to have broad pharmacological properties, not only enhancing human immunity, anti-bacteria, anti-virus, but also anti-tumor. However, investigation of the medicinal fugal species O...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Lei Yang, Xingai Jiao, Jinxiang Wu, Jiping Zhao, Tian Liu, Jianfeng Xu, Xiaohui Ma, Liuzao Cao, Lin Liu, Yahui Liu, Jingyu Chi, Minfang Zou, Shuo Li, Jiawei Xu, Liang Dong
Cordyceps sinensis is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine that has been used for centuries in Asia as a tonic to soothe the lung for the treatment of respiratory diseases. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of C. sinensi s on airway remodeling in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms. Rats with COPD were orally administered C. sinensis at low, moderate or high doses (2.5, 5 or 7.5 g/kg/day, respectively) for 12 weeks. Airway tissue histopathology, lung inflammation and airway remodeling were evaluated...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Minghua Cong, Jiejun Wang, Yu Fang, Yinghua Liu, Mingxiao Sun, Qiong Wu, Kan Wang, Yan Huang, Yiqun Ling, Yong Liu, Quanfu Li, Yibing Liu, Jiang Zhu, Lingjun Zhu, Zhendong Zheng, Ling Li, Dongying Liu, Zimin Liu, Hanping Shi, Peng Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current associated factors of dietary knowledge and behavior, the intake and nutritional status in malignancy Chinese inpatients, and the malnutrition causes involved in dietary nutrition knowledge level and behavior, providing recommendations to patients for nutrition education and intervention. METHOD: Five hundred and thirty-five participants from 18 hospitals were investigated by a questionnaire related to dietary knowledge and behavior...
February 5, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Bikash Baral
Members of the entomophagous fungi are considered very crucial in the fungal domain relative to their natural phenomenon and economic perspectives; however, inadequate knowledge of their mechanisms of interaction keeps them lagging behind in parallel studies of fungi associated with agro-ecology, forest pathology and medical biology. Ophiocordyceps sinensis (syn. Cordyceps sinensis), an intricate fungus-caterpillar complex after it parasitizes the larva of the moth, is a highly prized medicinal fungus known widely for ages due to its peculiar biochemical assets...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
Leandro Freire Dos Santos, Rosalia Rubel, Sandro Jose Ribeiro Bonatto, Adriana Aya Yamaguchi, Maria Fernanda Torres, Vanete Thomaz Soccol, Andre Luís Lopes da Silva, Carlos Ricardo Soccol
Macrophages have been considered an elusive yet emerging therapeutic target in tumor development since they are an important component in tumor microenvironment. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of C. sinensis on macrophage function (a component of tumor microenvironment which can alter the virulence of cancer) in high-fat diet fed rats. IMR-32 human neuroblastoma cell cytotoxicity was also investigated. The following parameters were observed to evaluate macrophage function: superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide, nitric oxide, lysosomal volume and phagocytic capacity...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Ang-Xin Song, Yu-Heng Mao, Ka-Chai Siu, Jian-Yong Wu
The bifidogenic effects of exopolysaccharide (EPS) of a medicinal fungus (Cordyceps sinensis) and a well-known food polysaccharide konjac glucomannan (KGM) with different molecular weight (MW) ranges were evaluated through in vitro experiments in liquid cultures of Bifidobacteria. Native EPS and KGM were partially degraded with power ultrasound (US) to improve the water solubility, and further hydrolysed with trifluoroacetic acid to much lower MW. The acid-hydrolysed fractions (EPS-AH and KGM-AH) supported the growth of all five tested bifidobacterial species, while the US-degraded high MW fractions, EPS-US and KGM-US, could only slightly supported the growth of some species...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Ke Zan, Li-Li Huang, Li-Nong Guo, Jie Liu, Jian Zheng, Shuang-Cheng Ma, Zheng-Ming Qian, Wen-Jia Li
This study is to establish the HPLC specific chromatogram and determine four main nucleosides of wild and cultivated Cordyceps sinensis. Uridine, inosine, guanosine and adenosine were selected as reference substance. HPLC analysis was performed on a Waters XSelect HSS T3 C₁₈ (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), with a mobile phase consisting of water(A)-acetonitrile (B) at a flow rate of 0.6 mL•min⁻¹ (0-5 min,0% B;5-15 min,0%-10% B, 15-30 min,10%-20% B, 30-33 min, 20%-50% B, 33-35 min, 50%-0% B, 35-40 min, 0% B)...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Sharon Tsuk, Yarden Har Lev, Arie Rotstein, Rafi Carasso, Aviva Zeev, Yael Netz, Tzvi Dwolatski, Gilit Steiner
Ophiocordyceps sinensis (= Cordyceps sinensis) and Ganoderma lucidum are medicinal mushrooms used in traditional Chinese medicine. The effects of O. sinensis and G. lucidum on cognitive function have been evaluated through the use of animal models and in vitro studies, which indicated beneficial effects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of treatment with a commercially available supplement of O. sinensis and G. lucidum on cognitive function in young, healthy human participants. Physical education students (n = 96 [53 men, 43 women]; mean ± standard deviation age, 26...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Yingli Zhang, Xiang Ao, Hui Li, Songyun Deng, Zhou Xiao, Weisheng Peng, Jinhua Xiang, Qiaoling Zhou
To investigate the effects of Cordyceps sinensis (CS) on cellular apoptosis and Sirt1 expression in HK2 cells followed by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R).
 Methods: HK2 cells were incubated with different concentrations of CS (10, 20, 40, 80, 160, 320 mg/L) for 24 hours, and the optimal concentration of CS was selected by measuring cell proliferation. The confluent HK2 cells were incubated with 0.01 μmol/L antimycin A for 2 hours to induce ischemia in vitro, and then the reperfusion was achieved by incubating cells with glucose-replete complete growth medium for 24 hours...
November 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Li Zhou, Qing-Xiu Hao, Sheng Wang, Quan Yang, Chuan-Zhi Kang, Wan-Zhen Yang, Lan-Ping Guo
The contents of five heavy metals (Cu, Pb, As, Cd, Hg) in 17 batches of Cordyceps sinensis were determined by microwave digestion-ICP-MS, and their distribution in C. sinensis were analyzed. The results showed that the contents of Cu, Pb, Cd and Hg in all batches were in accordance with the international standards of Chinese Medicine-Chinese Herbal Medicine Heavy Metal Limit, with their contents in the stroma higher than that in the caterpillar body, and the excess rate of As, which mainly concentrated in the caterpillar body part of C...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Chia-Wei Phan, Joon-Keong Wang, Shiau-Chuen Cheah, Murali Naidu, Pamela David, Vikineswary Sabaratnam
Mushrooms have become increasingly important as a reliable food source. They have also been recognized as an important source of bioactive compounds of high nutritional and medicinal values. The nucleobases, nucleosides and nucleotides found in mushrooms play important roles in the regulation of various physiological processes in the human body via the purinergic and/or pyrimidine receptors. Cordycepin, a 3'-deoxyadenosine found in Cordyceps sinensis has received much attention as it possesses many medicinal values including anticancer properties...
November 10, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
Ye Tian, Chuan-Xi Wang, Zheng-Ming Qian, Zhou Li, Miao-Xia Zhou, Wan-Yang Sun, Xin-Sheng Yao, Wen-Jia Li, Hao Gao
An online SPE-HPLC method for simultaneous determination of cordycepin (3'-deoxyadenosine) and 2'-deoxyadenosine in Cordyceps genus (C. sinensis,C. militaris,Hirsutella sinensis and C. sobolifera) was developed. The samples were enriched on a ZORBAX SB-AQ (4.6 mm×12.5 mm,5 μm) column with isocratic elution by 9% methanol solution. The separation of analytes was performed on a ZORBAX SB-AQ (4.6 mm×150 mm,5 μm) column with gradient elution by 0.1% formic acid solution and methanol (91∶9). The flow rate was 1...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Hongyang Zhang, Yahui Li, Jianing Mi, Min Zhang, Yuerong Wang, Zhihong Jiang, Ping Hu
The fermentation products of Cordyceps sinensis (C. sinensis) mycelia are sustainable substitutes for natural C. sinensis. However, the volatile compositions of the commercial products are still unclear. In this paper, we have developed a simultaneous distillation-extraction (SDE) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method for the profiling of volatile components in five fermentation products. A total of 64, 39, 56, 52, and 44 components were identified in the essential oils of Jinshuibao capsule (JSBC), Bailing capsule (BLC), Zhiling capsule (ZLC), Ningxinbao capsule (NXBC), and Xinganbao capsule (XGBC), respectively...
October 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Shou-Dong Zhu, Lu-Qi Huang, Lan-Ping Guo, Xing-Tian Ma, Qing-Xiu Hao, Zhi-Yong Le, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Guang Yang, Yan Zhang, Mei-Lan Chen
Cordyceps sinensis is a Chinese unique precious herbal material, its genuine producing areas covering Naqu, Changdu in Qinghai Tibet Plateau, Yushu in Qinghai province and other regions. In recent 10 years, C. sinensis resources is decreasing as a result of the blindly and excessively perennial dug. How to rationally protect, develop and utilize of the valuable resources of C. sinensis has been referred to an important field of research on C. sinensis. The ecological environment and climate change trend of Qinghai Tibet plateau happens prior to other regions, which means that the distribution and evolution of C...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Shan-Shan Zhong, Ya-Juan Xiang, Pen-Ju Liu, Yang He, Ting-Ting Yang, Yang-Yang Wang, A Rong, Jun Zhang, Guang-Zhi Liu
BACKGROUND: As a traditional Chinese medicine, Cordyceps sinensis (CS) possesses a variety of immunoregulatory properties. This study aimed to explore the therapeutic potential of CS in a mice model of multiple sclerosis (MS)-experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). METHODS: Female C57BL/6 mice were immunized with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein35-55to induce EAE, followed by an instant intragastric feeding with a low dosage of CS (low-CS group, n = 5), high dosage of CS (high-CS group, n = 5), or the same volume of normal saline (control group, n = 5)...
October 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
Fang Pang, Linping Wang, Yu Jin, Lanping Guo, Lipu Song, Guiming Liu, Chengqiang Feng
Paecilomyces hepialid (PH) is an endoparasitic fungus of Cordyceps sinensis (CS) and has become a substitute for CS due to their similar pharmacological activities. Because the market demand for CS is difficult to satisfy, and cordycepin, the effective compound of CS, is difficult to industrially produce, we produced 5 samples of PH by culturing for different durations and adding different additives to the culture broth, and detected their cordycepin content with UPLC ESI MS/MS. Then we grouped these cultures into five transcriptome comparisons containing 3 time variable groups and 2 additive variable groups...
September 18, 2017: Genomics
Yue Tu, Wei Sun, Di-Ping Chen, Yi-Gang Wan, Wei Wu, Jian Yao
Aging is the gradual functional recession of the living tissues or organs caused by a variety of genetic and environmental factors together. Autophagy is a process of degrading cytoplasmic components mediated by lysosomes in eukaryotic cells. Kidney is a typical target organ of aging. Autophagy regulates renal aging. Decrease in autophagy can accelerate renal aging,whereas,increase in autophagy can delay renal aging. During the process of regulating renal aging,the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and its related signaling pathways including the adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK)/mTOR,the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/ serine-threonine kinase(Akt)/mTOR,the AMPK/silent information regulation 1 (Sirt1) and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) play the important roles in renal aging...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Lian-Xian Guo, Xiao-Ming Xu, Yue-Hui Hong, Yan Li, Jiang-Hai Wang
Ophiocordyceps sinensis is one rare medicinal fungus produced in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Its quality and price varies hugely with different habitat, and its numerous substitutes have sprung up in functional food markets. This paper aims to discriminate the geographic origin of wild O. sinensis and its substitutes via element analyzer-isotope ratio mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-isotope ratio mass spectrometry. The δ(13)C values of major fatty acids in the lipids of O. sinensis are characterized unanimously by the variation relation C18:0 < C18:2 ≈ C16:0 < C18:1, while their fluctuation intervals are notably different between those of neutral and polar lipids...
September 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Yung-Chia Chen, Ying-Hui Chen, Bo-Syong Pan, Ming-Min Chang, Bu-Miin Huang
Cordyceps sinensis has various biological and pharmacological functions, and it has been claimed as a tonic supplement for sexual and reproductive dysfunctions for a long time in oriental society. In this article, the in vitro and in vivo effects of C. sinensis and cordycepin on mouse Leydig cell steroidogenesis are briefly described, the stimulatory mechanisms are summarized, and the recent findings related to the alternative substances regulating male reproductive functions are also discussed.
January 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Huimin Yue, Yarong Zhao, Haining Wang, Feiya Ma, Fei Liu, Sunan Shen, Yayi Hou, Huan Dou
Hirsutella sinensis, cultured in vitro, is an attractive substitute for Cordyceps sinensis as health supplement. The aim of this study was to demonstrate whether H. sinensis mycelium (HSM) attenuates murine pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin and to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms. Using lung fibrosis modle induced by intratracheal instillation of bleomycin (BLM; 4 mg/kg), we observed that the administration of HSM reduced HYP, TGF-β1 and the production of several pro-fibrosis cytokines (α-smooth muscle actin, fibronectin and vimentin) in fibrotic mice lung sections...
January 1, 2017: Innate Immunity
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"